The Township of Russell is a municipal township, located south-east of Canada's capital of Ottawa in eastern Ontario, in the United Counties of Prescott and Russell, on the Castor River. Russell Township is located within Canada's National Capital Region.
The township had a population of 16,520 in the Canada 2016 Census.
Municipalité de Russell Township
|Municipalité de Russell Township|
Pax et prosperitas
Map of Russell Township
Map of Russell Township
|County||Prescott and Russell|
|• Mayor||Pierre Leroux|
|• Total||199.06 km2 (76.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||60 m (200 ft)|
|• Total||16,520 (township)|
|• Density||83.0/km2 (215/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
K0A1W0 & K0A1W1 (eastern portion), K4R (western portion)
Smaller communities listed in the official Ontario place names database are Felton, Forget, Marionville, North Russell and Pana. Both the municipal government and Canada Post consider Brisson and Forget to be part of Embrun, and Felton, North Russell, and Pana as part of Russell. Canada Post also considers Marionville to be part of Russell, although the municipality considers Marionville to be separate. It should be noted that, as Marionville is on the border of the township, parts of it fall into the neighbouring jurisdictions of North Dundas Township and the City of Ottawa.
The township is predominantly English-speaking with a significant French-speaking minority. 61% of the population speaks English most often at home, while 36% speaks French most often at home. The remaining 3% speak either both languages equally, or speak a non-official language most often. The different parts of the township have different distributions of language, however. Embrun has a slight francophone majority, with 50% French-speaking and 46% English-speaking. Russell, on the other hand, has a stronger anglophone majority, with 86% English-speaking and 12% French-speaking.
In terms of mother tongue, however, the statistics differ. Because it is more common for Francophone Canadians to switch to using English as their main language later in life, than it is for Anglophone Canadians to switch to French, the percentage of the population that has French as a mother tongue is higher than the percentage of the population that uses French as their main language at home. With the mother tongue statistic, the township is 52% anglophone and 43% francophone. In Embrun, 58% have French mother tongue and 38% have English mother tongue. In Russell, 75% have English mother tongue and 19% have French mother tongue.
The most commonly spoken minority languages in the township are Dutch, German, Spanish, and Italian. 280 people across the township have one of these four languages as their mother tongue.
|Language spoken most often at home||Entire township (number)||Entire township (percentage)||Embrun (number)||Embrun (percentage)||Russell (number)||Russell (percentage)|
|English and French equally||325||2.0%||110||1.7%||70||1.6%|
|Mother tongue language||Entire township (number)||Entire township (percentage)||Embrun (number)||Embrun (percentage)||Russell (number)||Russell (percentage)|
|English and French equally||250||1.5%||110||1.6%||65||1.5%|
The township's population is 93.1% white, 3.1% Aboriginal, 1.2% Black, 0.8% Arab, and 1.7% other visible minority.
The main ethnic ancestries among the white population are French, English, Irish, Scottish, German, and Dutch.
Single responses: 27.2% of respondents gave a single response of 'Canadian', while a further 23.6% identified with both 'Canadian', and one or more other ancestries. 9.7% of respondents gave a single response of French, 3.5% gave a single response of English, 3.1% gave a single response of Dutch, and 2.5% gave a single response of Irish.
Multiple responses: Counting both single and multiple responses, the most commonly identified ethnocultural ancestries were:
|North American Indian||3.1%|
Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents and may total more than 100% due to dual responses.
All ethnocultural ancestries of more than 2% are listed in the table above according to the exact terminology used by Statistics Canada.
The Township of Russell, Ontario was named in honour of Peter Russell who came to Canada with John Graves Simcoe, the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada. Russell was a general accountant of the public funds of the new province. He was elected a member of the executive and legislative council in 1792 and when Simcoe returned to England in 1796, he appointed Russell as administrator of the existing government, a position he held until Simcoe's successor arrived in Canada in 1799. Russell remained in Canada, dying in York (Toronto) in 1808. At one time the township was named Elmsley, it was officially named Russell in 1797.
|All Reeves & Mayors|
|2||William Z. Helmer||1870-1871|
|4||William Z. Helmer||1879|
|7||William Z. Helmer||1887|
|24||Félix A. Dignard||1920-1921|
|26||Félix A. Dignard||1923-1927|
|31||Émile B. Brisson||1950-1951|
On June 6, 1915, fire started in Murray's Tinsmith Shop and quickly spread from building to building in Russell. Many residents tried to put out the fire with buckets of water, but it was evident they needed more help. Calls were made to the Ottawa Fire Department who came running faster than ever on the New York Central Railway. They say it was the fastest a train ever went on that track. A total of twenty-five buildings were destroyed. The old land registry building lost its roof in the fire but all the records were saved. The oldest records of the building go back to 1852. The building is still standing today.
The New York Central Railway was an essential part of Russell's development. In 1884, the Township's council knew that they needed transportation if they wanted the community to grow. There were a few train stations in the surrounding towns like South Indian (today Limoges), Osgood and Morewood, but to get there they needed to pay extra fare to take a stage. In June 1897, the council passed a by-law to raise $10,000 to aid the Ontario Pacific Railway Company to build the railway. In exchange, the railway company had to have at least two passenger trains that would stop for all the passengers each way at all the stations including Russell. The Ontario Pacific Railway Company changed its name to The Ottawa and New York Railway Company in 1898 then the line was leased to the New York Central Railway Company. With the building of the station, Russell Village became the commercial centre for the Township and also for the eastern part of Osgoode and the northern part of Winchester. The hotels were filled with travellers and settlers, new shops were opening and loads of farm animals passed through the stockyards. It became a livestock sales centre. Around 1940 the passenger traffic began diminishing, people had their own cars. In 1954 the passenger train service to Russell was abandoned. On February 14, 1957, the last train ran on the New York Central System.
1791: The Parliament of Upper Canada (Ontario) divided the territory into 4 districts.
1792: The four districts were divided into 19 counties. The territory that is now known as the Township of Russell, was in the Stormont County.
January 1, 1800: the subdivision of the Stormont county created the County of Russell, which included the Townships of Clarence, Cambridge, Cumberland, Gloucester, Osgoode and Russell.
1838: the Townships of Gloucester and Osgoode are annexed to the Carleton County.
1841: a municipal law inaugurated the councils of the districts composed of representatives from the townships.
January 1, 1850: under the Municipal Corporation Act (also known as the Baldwin Act) adopted in 1849, the districts councils were abolished and replaced by the township councils which become the only recognized administrative units. Thus townships and municipalities are born that they delegated representatives to the Counties Councils. When the number of male owners was less than 100, a township must unite to another to send a representative to the Counties. This is the case of the four townships in Russell County (Cambridge, Clarence, Cumberland and Russell) before December 28, 1850. With the increase in population, each township eventually delegated its own representative. Thus we witness the creation of the municipalities of Cumberland in 1850, Clarence and Cambridge in 1854 and Russell January 1, 1857.
The Russell Agricultural Society remains a vital community resource. According to the legislatures Journals, the Agricultural Society for the County of Russell began as an offshoot of the Agricultural Society for the District of Ottawa in 1845. Funds were set aside to judge crops. Records are scant till the first Russell Fair was chartered in 1858. The organization's mandate to promote agricultural heritage and the rural lifestyle is still strongly supported today (2014) with the Russell Fair traditionally held each year in September, on the first weekend after Labour Day. The community grounds are also used to celebrate other events such as Canada Day.
The Russell and District Horticultural Society brought neighbors together then and now. It began with the need for a community spring clean up in 1918. By January 1919 the Society was officially organized to encourage the care of lawns and shrubs and the growing of flowers and trees. Today the group has become dedicated to horticultural education and protection of the natural environment, as it continues to encourage the beautification of the community.
The Russell Lions Club grew from a need to fund the non-governmental needs of society. In 1947 the Ottawa Central Lions Club presented a charter to form a Lions Club in Russell. The first activity of the club was to sponsor the Russell Students Band, which then became the Russell Lions Band. The club has continued to grow, holding community dances and fundraisers to provide assistance for the less fortunate in the community. Thanks to the support of the community, the Lions Club of Russell continues today (2014) to contribute effective community service.
The Russell Historical Society and the Keith M. Boyd Museum preserve rural heritage. With the museum bearing his name, Mr. Boyd was an avid collector of historical artifacts and enjoyed sharing his knowledge with area residents through his articles in the Russell Villager. Donations from others wishing to preserve local history caused his collection to expand, requiring a home of its own. The old Baptist Church became the Museum and was officially named after Mr. Boyd and opened in 1989. The Russell Historical Society maintains the buildings and the collections they house.
The Kin Club of Russell Chartered October 1, 2011, the Kin Club of Russell is part of Kin Canada (www.kincanada.ca). The club has been very active in a relatively short period of time and has completed the following projects; Russell Winter Carnival, Poutmasters (a local fishing derby for mudpout), Reality Tour (drug awareness program for high schools), RocKIN' Away With Diamonds (a 50's and 60's dance), Marchons Pour Jonathan Pitre Butterfly Mile, Catch the Ace lottery and Trivia Nights. It's biggest contribution so far has been consulting and fundraising for the new Russell Township 4.8 million dollar Sports Dome, opened January 8, 2018. The Club meets once a month and consists of both men and women.
|Climate data for Russell|
|Record high °C (°F)||12.5
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−7.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−12.0
|Record low °C (°F)||−36.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||88.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||19.7
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||69.1
|Source: Environment Canada|
The current council of Russell Township was elected on October 27, 2014 in the 2014 municipal elections. In December 2014, a mayor was elected as part of a by-election due to the death of incumbent Jean-Paul St-Pierre:
The municipal offices are located at 717 Notre-Dame St. in Embrun, Ontario which is included in the Russell Township.
The township is located within the federal electoral district of Glengarry—Prescott—Russell. It is represented by Francis Drouin (Liberal). The provincial electoral district, also named Glengarry—Prescott—Russell, is represented by Grant Crack (Liberal).
Bryan Cochrane (born October 9, 1957 in Winchester, Ontario) is a Canadian curler from Russell, Ontario. Cochrane is most notable for skipping team Ontario at the 2003 Nokia Brier.
After repeatedly making it to provincial championships, and failing to win, finally Cochrane in 2003 became only the fourth Ottawa-based team to play in the Brier. Cochrane, playing out of the RCMP Curling Club at the time, and his team of Bill Gamble, Ian MacAulay and John Steski defeated Peter Corner in the provincial final.
At the 2003 Brier, Cochrane had to get special permission from the Canadian Curling Association to use a whistle whilst skipping. Whistles, and other communication devices are banned from national play. However, due to a throat disorder, which requires him to get surgery every six to eight months, he cannot effectively communicate with his team using his voice, and needs a whistle to communicate. 
At the Brier, the team finished with a disappointing 5-6 record, failing to make the playoffs.
Until failing to qualify for the 2008 provincials, Cochrane had played in ten straight tournaments. As of 2014, Cochrane has played in 16 provincial championships.Cochrane won the Canadian Senior Curling Championships in 2016 and again in 2018. He won a silver medal at the World Senior Curling Championships in 2017.
Cochrane was also principal of Russell High School, a high school in the Ottawa area, from 2004 until 2009.Charles Murphy (Canadian politician)
Charles Murphy, (8 December 1862 – 24 November 1935) was a Canadian politician and Liberal MP for Russell (Ontario) in the House of Commons of Canada from 1908 to 1925. He was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1925.He was born on 8 December 1862 in Ottawa, the son of James Murphy, who came to Ontario from Ireland, and Mary Conway. Murphy studied at Ottawa University and Osgoode Hall, was called to the Ontario bar in 1891 and practised law in Ottawa.Murphy was Secretary of State for External Affairs from 1909 to 1911. He also served as Postmaster General (1921–1926) and Secretary of State of Canada (acting) (1925–1926).He died in office in Ottawa in 1935.Embrun, Ontario
Embrun (ˈɛmbrən in English; French pronunciation: [ɑ̃bʁœ̃]), UN/LOCODE: CA EBU, is a community in the Canadian province of Ontario in the Eastern Ontario region. Embrun is also part of the National Capital Region. Embrun is part of the larger Russell Township in Prescott and Russell United Counties. In 2011 (the year of the most recent census), the urban area of Embrun had a total population of 6,380, but if surrounding agricultural areas closely tied to the community are included, the population figure rises to 8,669. This makes Embrun the largest community in the Township of Russell.
Embrun has grown rapidly in recent years. Between 2001 and 2006, the population of Embrun's urban area increased by 26.6%, higher than any other community in the 613 area code and the 8th highest in Ontario. Between 2006 and 2011 its growth was slower, but still more than double the provincial average, growing at a rate of 12.8%, which was the 6th fastest in the 613 area code and the 25th fastest in Ontario.The town has a French-speaking majority, with a significant English-speaking minority. According to the 2006 Census, 57% of Embrun's population speaks French at home, while 41% speak English at home. The remaining 2% speak either both languages equally, or speak a non-official language.The community is located approximately a twenty-five-minute drive from Ottawa, an hour and a half from Montreal, and a five-hour drive from Toronto. Embrun is located near Trans-Canada Highway 417, between Russell, Ontario and Limoges, Ontario.
Politically, the community is situated in the electoral district of Glengarry—Prescott—Russell both provincially and federally.Embrun Panthers
The Embrun Panthers are a Canadian junior ice hockey team based in Embrun, Ontario. They play in the Central Canada Hockey League Tier 2.
Prior to 2017, the Panthers were members of the National Capital Junior Hockey League.Glengarry—Prescott—Russell
Glengarry—Prescott—Russell (formerly known as Glengarry—Prescott) is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1953.Glengarry—Prescott—Russell (provincial electoral district)
Glengarry—Prescott—Russell is a provincial electoral district in eastern Ontario, Canada. It elects one member to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
It was created in 1996 from parts of Prescott and Russell and Stormont—Dundas—Glengarry and East Grenville when ridings were redistributed to match their federal counterparts.
From 1996 to 2005 the riding included the municipalities of Clarence-Rockland, Township of Russell, Alfred and Plantagenet, the Nation, Casselman, Hawkesbury, Champlain, North Glengarry and the eastern half of South Glengarry plus that part of Ottawa located in the former municipality of Cumberland, Ontario except for that part of Cumberland north of Innes Road and west of Trim Road.
In 2005, the riding lost the eastern half of South Glengarry and it also lost that part of the riding between Innes Road and Wall Road west of Trim Road.
Glengarry—Prescott—Russell is a francophone-majority riding.Harold Hume
Hardrada Harold Hume (June 10, 1875 – October 10, 1965) was a Canadian-born American university professor, administrator and horticulturalist. Hume was a native of Ontario, and earned bachelor's and master's degrees before embarking on a career as a research botanist, horticulturalist and professor. After working as an academic administrator, Hume later served as the interim president of the University of Florida, serving during September 1947.Jean-Serge Brisson
Jean-Serge Brisson (born June 28, 1954) is a Canadian political activist, tax reform advocate, politician, and author. He is a former leader of the Libertarian Party of Canada and gained national notoriety in the 1990s for his opposition to businesses being forced to collect the provincial sales tax (PST) without being remunerated.Joseph Albert Pinard
Joseph-Albert Pinard (July 26, 1878 – February 8, 1964) was an Ontario political figure. He represented Ottawa East provincially in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1914 to 1929; as a Liberal until October 1926 and then winning reelection as an Independent-Liberal in the December 1926 election. He represented Ottawa East federally in the House of Commons of Canada from 1936 to 1945 as a Liberal member but was defeated in 1945 and 1949 when he ran as an Independent Liberal.He was born in Embrun, Ontario, the son of Hercule Pinard and Sophie Bertrand, was educated at Académie De La Salle in Ottawa and became a fire insurance agent in Ottawa. In 1903, he married Parmélia Landreville. He served as a member of Ottawa city council. Pinard ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the House of Commons in 1911. He was first elected to the House of Commons in a 1936 by-election held after Edgar-Rodolphe-Eugène Chevrier was appointed judge. Pinard ran later unsuccessfully as an Independent Liberal in 1945 and 1950. He died in Ottawa at the age of 85.Ottawa/Embrun Aerodrome
Ottawa/Embrun Aerodrome, (TC LID: CPR2), is a small airport located 2 nautical miles (3.7 km; 2.3 mi) southwest of Embrun, Ontario, Canada, east of Ottawa.Pierre Lemieux
Pierre Lemieux (born April 9, 1963) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. He served as the Member of Parliament for the riding of Glengarry-Prescott-Russell from 2006 to 2015, first elected in Canada's 39th general election and defeated in the 42nd. He represented the Conservative Party of Canada. While in office he served as deputy government whip as well as parliamentary secretary to the Ministers of Official Languages, Agriculture, and Veterans Affairs. He was a candidate for the leadership of the Conservative Party of Canada in 2017.Russell, Ontario (community)
Russell is a police village that is part of Russell Township in the United Counties of Prescott and Russell in Eastern Ontario, Canada. It is located immediately east of Ottawa, the city limits of which are just over 2km west of Russell. Ottawa's downtown core is about 40km (25mi) northwest of Russell.
The 2006 Census states that the community had a population of 3,540, making it the second largest community in the township of Russell (Russell's neighbour to the east, Embrun, is the largest community in Russell Township). The vast majority of its residents work in the city of Ottawa, making Russell a true bedroom community for commuters to Ottawa. Agriculture is the main industry in and immediately around the village.The town produces a large number of hockey prospects for development leagues such as the OHL, OJHL, and NCJHL. The most notable contributions are to the Embrun Panthers Jr. C hockey team.The town has a significant number of schools - English Catholic Elementary and Secondary, English Public Elementary and Secondary (Russell High School) and French Elementary school (École Saint-Joseph) .
Russell also has a summer swimming pool, a skating arena, a library, an All-weather running track and a curling rink. The village also has its firehall on the south end. Russell is policed by the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP). The Russell Watch Program is a community watch where volunteers patrol the village as a second set of eyes and ears for the OPP. Patrols are mostly made during the evening and into the late night. Commercial, recreational, and residential areas are all monitored frequently after dusk.
The village has practicing lawyers, doctors, dentists and other professionals. It also has grocery store, pharmacy, garage, restaurants and many little shops.
The Castor River (translated from French means "Beaver") runs through the town in summer and offers a flat trail for snowmobiles during the winter.
The village has now passed a local bylaw requiring all commercial signage to be bilingual. This bylaw is being challenged by many, in one case in court.Russell is a predominantly English-speaking community, although with a sizeable French-speaking minority. 87% of the community speaks English at home, while 11% speak French at home.The travel time to the nearest built-up areas of Ottawa is typically 20–25 minutes. In the rush hour it can take up to one hour to reach downtown Ottawa, and much more to reach Ottawa boroughs west of the core zone.In terms of ethnic origin, the people of Russell are mainly of Anglo-Celtic descent, although there are significant populations of Dutch, French, and German descent.Russell (Ontario electoral district)
Russell was a federal electoral district in eastern Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1968.
The federal riding was created by the British North America Act of 1867, and consisted initially of the County of Russell the townships of Gloucester and Osgoode in the county of Carleton. In 1903, the Rideau Ward of the city of Ottawa was added to the riding. In 1933, it was redefined to consist of the county of Russell and the part of the county of Carleton included in the township of Gloucester, excepting that part of the township of Gloucester included in the town of Eastview and the village of Rockcliffe Park. In 1947, it was expanded to include the town of Eastview in the township of Gloucester in the county of Carleton.
The federal electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed between Glengarry—Prescott, Ottawa East and Ottawa—Carleton ridings.Russell (Ontario provincial electoral district)
Russell was an electoral riding in Ontario, Canada. It was created in 1867 at the time of confederation and was abolished in 1966 before the 1967 election.St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic High School (Russell, Ontario)
St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic High School is a secondary school located in Russell, Ontario, under the jurisdiction of the Catholic District School Board of Eastern Ontario. In addition, students from nearby towns such as Embrun, Casselman, Chesterville, Winchester, Morewood and others attend the school. The school has implemented a school uniform by McCarthy School Uniforms.
The school has been adding numerous expansions and add-ons since its founding, including the new grade 7&8 wing just finished in 2011, due to the steep increase in the number of students.United Counties of Prescott and Russell
The United Counties of Prescott and Russell (French: Comtés unis de Prescott et Russell) are consolidated counties located in the Canadian province of Ontario. Its county seat is L'Orignal. It was created as a result of a merger between Russell County and Prescott County in 1820. It is located in Eastern Ontario, in the wedge-shaped area between the Ottawa River and St. Lawrence River, approximately 55 km east of the City of Ottawa.Véronic DiCaire
Véronic DiCaire (born in Embrun, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian Franco-Ontarian singer and impressionist.