Rube Marquard

Richard William "Rube" Marquard (October 9, 1886 – June 1, 1980) was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball in the 1910s and early 1920s. He achieved his greatest success with the New York Giants. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971.

Rube Marquard
Rube Marquard by Bain, 1912
Pitcher
Born: October 9, 1886
Cleveland, Ohio
Died: June 1, 1980 (aged 93)
Baltimore, Maryland
Batted: Switch Threw: Left
MLB debut
September 25, 1908, for the New York Giants
Last MLB appearance
September 18, 1925, for the Boston Braves
MLB statistics
Win–loss record201–177
Earned run average3.08
Strikeouts1,593
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1971
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Early life

Rube Marquard was born in Cleveland, Ohio to German immigrant Fred Marquard and Lena Heiser Marquard.[1] Marquard claimed an 1889 date of birth, but 1900 census data and a birth certificate show an 1886 date of birth. Lena Marquard died of an abdominal infection in 1899 and Rube's grandmother took responsibility for raising him. Marquard quit school after the fifth grade; biographer Larry Mansch writes that he "simply refused to attend any longer."[2]

Newspaper reports first mentioned Marquard in 1905 when he played with an amateur team in Cleveland. Though pitching for a poor team that had a 1–15 win-loss record at one point, Marquard attracted attention as a top pitcher. He broke a City League record with 16 strikeouts in a game against a team known as Brittons Printing. In September, the City League season finished and he signed with the semipro Telling Strollers, an independent team sponsored by an ice cream company.[3]

Career

He started his minor league baseball career in 1906.[4] Despite his nickname, he was a city kid. As he told it in The Glory of Their Times, a writer in his minor league days compared him favorably with Rube Waddell, and very soon Marquard was being called "Rube" also.[5]

In 1907, he went 23–13 with a 2.01 earned run average and led the Central League in wins.[6] In 1908, he went 28–19 with a 1.69 ERA and led the American Association in wins.[7] The New York Giants purchased Marquard for $11,000 – a then unheard-of sum to pay for a baseball player's contract – and his lack of success early in his major league career led to his being tagged "the $11,000 lemon".

Rube Marquard
Marquard in 1912

From 1911 to 1913, Marquard won at least 23 games each season and helped the Giants win three consecutive National League pennants. In 1911, he led the league with 237 strikeouts. In 1912, he led the league with 26 wins.[8] He also made baseball history by winning 19 decisions in a row. Marquard allegedly celebrated by buying an opal stickpin to reward himself. Upon being told by a friend that opals were a jinx, he threw the pin into a river; but apparently the curse had already done its work, as he lost his next decision.

In 1914, Marquard went 12–22, and in 1915, he joined the Brooklyn Robins. He helped the team win pennants in 1916 and 1920. He then played for the Cincinnati Reds in 1921 and Boston Braves from 1922 to 1925.[8]

Marquard finished his major league career in 1925 with a record of 201–177 and a 3.08 ERA.[8] His 1,593 strikeouts, at the time, ranked third in major league history among left-handers (behind Rube Waddell and Eddie Plank), and stood as the National League record for southpaws until his total was surpassed by Carl Hubbell, another New York Giant, in 1942.

He later pitched and managed in the minor leagues until 1933.[4] After baseball, he worked as a betting window teller at Narragansett Park.[9]

Legacy

Marquard was a performer in vaudeville, appearing with Blossom Seeley and later marrying her. That same year, Seeley gave birth to a son. Richard Marquard Jr.

He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971. His selection has often been criticized by the sabermetrics community, since Marquard's career adjusted ERA+ was only slightly better than league average. Bill James described Marquard as "probably the worst starting pitcher in the Hall of Fame."[10] Marquard had been interviewed for the popular baseball book, The Glory of Their Times, in the early 1960s, and his chapter is thought to be one of the primary reasons for his election. However, most of the stories that he "recounted" were later found to be false.[11]

Marquard died in Baltimore, Maryland on June 1, 1980 at the age of 93. He is interred in Baltimore Hebrew Cemetery in Baltimore, Maryland.[8]

See also

Further reading

  • Mansch, Larry D. Rube Marquard: The Life and Times of a Baseball Hall of Famer. McFarland, 1998. ISBN 0786404973.

References

  1. ^ Mansch, p. 8.
  2. ^ Mansch, p. 10
  3. ^ Mansch, p. 13.
  4. ^ a b "Rube Marquard Minor League Statistics & History". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  5. ^ Ritter, Lawrence S. The Glory of Their Times.
  6. ^ "1907 Central League Pitching Leaders". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  7. ^ "1908 American Association Pitching Leaders". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d "Rube Marquard Statistics and History". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  9. ^ Kieran, John (August 18, 1934). "A Flying Visit to Narragansett". The New York Times.
  10. ^ James, Bill (1994). Whatever Happened to the Hall of Fame? Baseball, Cooperstown, and the Politics of Glory. New York: Fireside. p. 170. ISBN 0-684-80088-8.
  11. ^ Neyer, Rob & Epstein, Eddie (2000). Baseball Dynasties: The Greatest Teams of All-Time. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 100. ISBN 0-393-32008-1.

External links

Preceded by
Ed Lafitte
No-hitter pitcher
April 15, 1915
Succeeded by
Frank Allen
Preceded by
Wheezer Dell
Brooklyn Robins Opening Day
Starting pitcher

1918
Succeeded by
Leon Cadore
1911 New York Giants season

The 1911 New York Giants season was the franchise's 29th season. It involved the Giants winning their first of three consecutive National League pennants. They were beaten by the Philadelphia Athletics in the World Series.

Led by manager John McGraw, the Giants won the NL by 7½ games. On the offensive side, they finished second in total runs scored. On the defensive side, they allowed the fewest. Hall of Famer Christy Mathewson led the league in ERA, and Rube Marquard had the most strikeouts.

Taken together with the 1912 and 1913 pennant winners, this team is considered one of the greatest of all-time.

1911 World Series

In the 1911 World Series, the Philadelphia Athletics defeated the New York Giants four games to two.

Philadelphia third baseman Frank "Home Run" Baker earned his nickname during this Series. His home run in Game 2 off Rube Marquard was the margin of victory for the Athletics, and his blast in Game 3 off Christy Mathewson tied that game in the ninth inning, and the Athletics eventually won in the eleventh. The Giants never recovered. Ironically, Mathewson (or his ghostwriter) had criticized Marquard in his newspaper column after Game 2 for giving up the gopher ball, only to fall victim himself the very next day. Baker was swinging a hot bat in general, going 9 for 24 to lead all batters in the Series with a .375 average.

According to his New York Times obituary (July 28, 1971), Giants catcher Chief Meyers threw out 12 runners, creating a record for the most assists by a catcher during the World Series.

The six consecutive days of rain between Games 3 and 4 caused the longest delay between World Series games until the earthquake-interrupted 1989 Series (which incidentally featured the same two franchises, albeit on the West Coast). With the sixth and final game being played on October 26, this was also the latest-ending World Series by calendar date until the 1981 Series.

1913 New York Giants season

The 1913 New York Giants season was the franchise's 31st season. It involved the Giants winning the National League pennant for the third consecutive year. Led by manager John McGraw, the Giants dominated the NL and finished 12½ games in front of the second place Philadelphia Phillies. They were beaten by the Philadelphia Athletics in the 1913 World Series.

Ace pitcher Christy Mathewson went 25–11 and led the NL with a 2.06 ERA. Rube Marquard and Jeff Tesreau also won over 20 games, and the Giants easily allowed the fewest runs of any team in the league.

Taken together with the 1911 and 1912 pennant winners, this team is considered one of the greatest of all-time. The roster was basically unchanged from 1912.

1914 New York Giants season

The 1914 New York Giants season was the franchise's 32nd season. The team finished in second place in the National League with an 84-70 record, 10½ games behind the "Miracle Braves." They had finished first the three previous years.

This team featured two Hall of Fame pitchers: Christy Mathewson, one of the greatest ever, and Rube Marquard, whose selection is considered by some to be unfortunate.

1915 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1915 Brooklyn Robins improved enough to finish in third place, just 10 games behind the National League champion Philadelphia Phillies.

1915 New York Giants season

The 1915 New York Giants season was the franchise's 33rd season. The team finished eighth in the eight-team National League with a record of 69–83, 21 games behind the Philadelphia Phillies.

1916 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1916 Brooklyn Robins won their first National League pennant in 16 years and advanced to the first World Series in franchise history, where they lost to Babe Ruth and the Boston Red Sox in five games.

1917 Brooklyn Robins season

With World War I looming over the season, the 1917 Brooklyn Robins fell into 7th place.

1919 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1919 Brooklyn Robins finished the season in fifth place.

1920 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1920 Brooklyn Robins, also known as the Dodgers, won 16 of their final 18 games to pull away from a tight pennant race and earn a trip to their second World Series against the Cleveland Indians. They lost the series in seven games.

The team featured four Hall of Famers: manager Wilbert Robinson, pitchers Burleigh Grimes and Rube Marquard, and outfielder Zack Wheat. Grimes anchored a pitching staff that allowed the fewest runs in the majors.

1921 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1921 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished sixth in the National League with a record of 70–83, 24 games behind the New York Giants.

1971 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1971 featured a new committee on the Negro Leagues that met in February and selected Satchel Paige. The museum planned to honor Paige and those who would follow in a special permanent exhibit outside the Hall of Fame but controversy about the nature of the honor began at the event announcing his election, February 9, and continued until the induction ceremonies six months later. At the latter event Paige was inducted to the Hall of Fame itself, the same as the major league figures.

Otherwise the elections continued a system of annual elections in place since 1968.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and elected no one.

The Veterans Committee met in closed-door sessions to select from executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players.

It elected seven, the biggest year in its 1953 to 2001 history: Dave Bancroft, Jake Beckley, Chick Hafey, Harry Hooper, Joe Kelley, Rube Marquard, and George Weiss.

Bill Bailey (pitcher)

William F. Bailey (April 12, 1888 – November 2, 1926) was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. He played for the St. Louis Browns, Baltimore Terrapins, Chicago Whales, Detroit Tigers, and St. Louis Cardinals. He had a career record of 38–76 with a 3.57 earned run average. Despite his poor overall record, in the inaugural Federal League season of 1914, Bailey struck out more than one batter per inning (131 strikeouts in 128​2⁄3 innings, or 9.2 strikeouts per 9 innings), a virtually unheard-of feat in that era. In the 1910–19 decade no other pitcher with at least 100 innings pitched even approached that level, with Rube Marquard (7.7 strikeouts per 9 innings in 1911) being second. Nonetheless, Bailey had a losing record (7–9) in that season.

Blossom Seeley

Blossom Seeley (July 16, 1891 – April 17, 1974) was an American singer, dancer, and actress.

Larry Cheney

Laurance Russell Cheney (May 2, 1886 – January 6, 1969) was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago Cubs (1911–15), Brooklyn Robins (1915–19), Boston Braves (1919) and Philadelphia Phillies (1919). Cheney batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Belleville, Kansas.

Cheney debuted with the Cubs on September 19, 1911. After two appearances as a reliever, he pitched a shutout against Brooklyn, but was hit by a line drive off the bat of Zack Wheat which Cheney deflected with his throwing hand, fracturing his thumb and nose. The following season he relied heavily on a knuckleball and spitter after his broken finger took some speed off his heavy fastball. Then he blossomed, tying with Rube Marquard for the National League lead in wins (26), leading with 28 complete games, as he finished second in winning percentage (.722).

In 1913 Cheney won 21 games (17 as a starter, four as a reliever) and led the league in saves (11) and games pitched (54). On September 14, he shut out the New York Giants while allowing 14 hits, setting a major league record for most hits given up while pitching a nine-inning shutout. He won 20 games in 1914, leading the league in starts (40) and games (50). From 1912 to 1914 he pitched 300 or more innings in each season, with a career-high 311 in 1914. Also in 1914, Cheney set a record for most wild pitches in a season opening with 4 against the Cincinnati Reds on April 14.

Traded to Brooklyn in August 1915 for Joe Schultz, after an 8–9 start, Cheney won 18 games in 1916, helping his new team reach the World Series. He pitched three innings of relief against the Boston Red Sox in Game Four of the Series, striking out five batters. Cheney then pitched for the Robins, Braves and Phillies in 1919, his last major league season, appearing in his final game on September 26.

Over nine seasons, Cheney posted a 116–100 record with 926 strikeouts and a 2.70 ERA in 1881-1/3 innings.

Cheney died in Daytona Beach, Florida at age of 82.

Marquard (disambiguation)

Marquard is a small farming town in South Africa.

Marquard may also refer to:

As last name

Jürg Marquard (born 1945), Swiss journalist and businessman

Odo Marquard (1928-2015), German philosopher

Rube Marquard (1886–1980), American pitcher in Major League BaseballAs first name

Marquard Bohm (1941–2006), German actor.

Marquard Gude (1635–1689), German archaeologist and classical scholar

Marquard Herrgott (1694–1762), German Benedictine historian and diplomat

Marquard Schwarz (1887–1968), American freestyle swimmer

Marquard Sebastian von Schenk von Stauffenberg (1644–1693), Prince-Bishop of BambergAs a single nameMarquard of Randeck (1296-1381), Patriarch of Aquileia

Marquard von Berg (1528–1591), Prince-Bishop of Augsburg

Marquard von Salzbach (d.1410), Teutonic Knight

Muskogee Oilers

The Muskogee Oilers were a professional, minor league baseball team that played in the Western League in 1933. They began the year in Wichita, Kansas as the Wichita Oilers, but moved to Muskogee, Oklahoma after being evicted from their park in Wichita. Hall of Famer Rube Marquard managed the team at one point, while All-Star pitchers Mort Cooper and Kirby Higbe played for the club.

Providence Rubes

The Providence Rubes were an Eastern League baseball team based in Providence, Rhode Island. Their manager was Rube Marquard, after whom the team was presumably named. They were the league champions in 1926, their only year of existence.

They were affiliated with the Boston Braves.

Wade Lefler

Wade Hampton Lefler was a Major League Baseball player. He played in six games for two different major league teams in 1924, mostly as a pinch hitter. He also played in one game as a right fielder. He was the first player to make the major leagues after attending Duke University.After playing several years in the minor leagues, most recently for the Worcester Panthers in 1923, Lefler made his debut for the Boston Braves on April 16, 1924, the second game of the season for the Braves. His stint with the Braves lasted just a single plate appearance, in which he struck out while pinch hitting for pitcher Rube Marquard. After the game, he returned to the Panthers, where he played most of the rest of 1924, batting .370 with 14 home runs.

Lefler returned to the majors with the Washington Senators on September 18. He appeared four more times as a pinch hitter, once pinch hitting for Walter Johnson. In those four opportunities, he hit safely three times, including two doubles. On September 30, he started his first game, playing right field and batting cleanup. In four at bats, he had two more hits, including another double. This turned out to be Lefler's last appearance in the majors, leaving him with a career batting average of .556, and a career slugging average of .889.

After his brief major league career, Lefler played one more season in the minor leagues with the Memphis Chickasaws before retiring. He went on to become an attorney, serving as the city attorney for Newton, North Carolina. He died in 1981 at the age of 84.

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