Royal Victorian Medal

The Royal Victorian Medal (RVM) is a decoration established by Queen Victoria in April 1896.[1] On 14 May 1912, King George V further confirmed the institution of the medal with an additional royal warrant.[2] A part of the Royal Victorian Order, it is a reward for personal service to the Sovereign or the royal family, and is the personal gift of the sovereign.[3] Although the Medal is related to the Royal Victorian Order, it differs in appearance and in the way it is worn.[4]

The medal has three levels: Bronze, Silver and Gold (silver gilt). Bars may be awarded to each level of Medal to denote subsequent awards. Recipients may continue to wear their original medal if they are awarded a higher level for further service. The medal may also be worn in addition to the badge of the Royal Victorian Order if this is later given to them.[5]

Recipients are entitled to use the post-nominal letters RVM.[6]

Royal Victorian Medal
RVM-trimmed


Royal Victorian Order UK ribbon
Medal and ribbon
Typemedal
EligibilityBritish and Commonwealth citizens and non-commissioned personnel
Awarded forPersonal service to the Sovereign or royal family
StatusCurrently awarded
Post-nominalsRVM
Statistics
EstablishedApril 1896
Precedence
Next (higher)Dependent on realm
Next (lower)Dependent on realm

History

In creating the Royal Victorian Order in 1896, Queen Victoria decided to make a medal a part of the order as well. This medal would be used to reward those who had rendered faithful service to the monarch and the royal family, but were not eligible to be appointed to any orders due to their position or class. This creation followed the precedent of other European monarchs who had royal household medals with which to reward servants. The first medals were received 7 July 1896 and were presented to Russians by the Duke of Connaught while he was in Russia for the coronation of Tsar Nicholas II.[6]

The medal has been historically used to recognise the service of police officers who work in protective services, gardeners, housekeepers, drivers, valets and other similar type staff. Non-commissioned members of the military may also be awarded the medal for services. The medal is often awarded for service to the monarch and royal family during royal visits. The medal may be looked upon as a long service medal, but the service must be of a meritorious character to warrant its award.[6]

Originally ranked near the end,[7] the medal now ranks ahead of campaign, jubilee, efficiency, and long service medals in the United Kingdom Order of Wear.[8] This gradual increase in importance was marked by the July 1980 approval, by the Queen, to allow the use of the postnominal RVM by recipients of the medal.[6]

Description

The medal is circular, 28 mm in diameter, struck in bronze, silver, and silver-gilt for gold medals. The obverse bears the young effigy of Queen Elizabeth II. Surrounding the effigy is the inscription Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Regina F D. The reverse depicts the royal cypher, surrounded by a wreath or ribbons and laurel leaves. A curled ribbon at the bottom bears the inscription, Royal Victorian Medal.[9]

Attached by a ring suspension, the medal is borne by a blue ribbon with thin stripes of white and red on each edge. Awards to foreigners have a white central stripe. The ribbon is the sames as that of the Royal Victorian Order. Additional awards of the medal are indicated by bars attached to the ribbon.[9]

Precedence

Some orders of precedence are as follows:

Country Preceding Following
Australia Australia
Order of precedence[10]
Queen's Gallantry Medal
Australian Antarctic Medal (Post 1992)
British Empire Medal
Commendation for Gallantry (Post 1992)
Canada Canada
Order of precedence[11]
Meritorious Service Medal Sacrifice Medal
New Zealand New Zealand
Order of precedence[12]
New Zealand Bravery Medal Queen's Service Medal
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Order of precedence[13]
Queen's Gallantry Medal British Empire Medal

See also

References

  1. ^ "No. 26733". The London Gazette. 24 April 1896. p. 2455.
  2. ^ "No. 28607". The London Gazette. 14 May 1912. pp. 3474–3475.
  3. ^ "DH&R – Canadian Honours Chart". Cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  4. ^ "The Governor General of Canada > Orders". Gg.ca. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  5. ^ "No. 34290". The London Gazette. 2 June 1936. p. 3518.
  6. ^ a b c d McCreery, Christoper (2008). On Her Majesty's Service: Royal Honours and Recognition in Canada. 2008: Dundurn Press Ltd. pp. 57–59. ISBN 978-1770702820.
  7. ^ "No. 35141". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 April 1941. p. 2288.
  8. ^ "No. 56878". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 March 2003. p. 3352.
  9. ^ a b McCreery, Christopher (2005). The Canadian Honours System. Dundurn Press Ltd. p. 109. ISBN 1550025546.
  10. ^ "The Order of Wearing of Australian Honours and Awards" (PDF). itsanhonour.gov.au. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  11. ^ "DH&R – Canadian Honours Chart". Cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  12. ^ "NZDF Medals – Order of Wear". Medals.nzdf.mil.nz. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  13. ^ Directgov, Orders of Wear, Queen's Printer

External links

1935 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1935 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by George V of New Zealanders to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark the visit of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester to New Zealand that year, and were announced on 21 January 1935. The recipients were honoured for their services in connection with the tour.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

1954 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1954 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by Elizabeth II to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark her visit to New Zealand in the summer of 1953–1954. During her visit, she visited 46 towns and cities. The honours were announced between 15 January and 29 January 1954.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

1963 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1963 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by Elizabeth II to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark her visit to New Zealand that year. During her visit, the Queen attended celebrations at Waitangi. The honours were announced on 11 and 18 February 1963.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

1970 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1970 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by Elizabeth II to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark her visit to New Zealand that year. The Queen was accompanied by the Prince of Wales and Princess Anne on the tour, and attended celebrations connected with the bicentenary of Captain James Cook's first voyage to New Zealand. The honours were announced on 21 and 26 March 1970.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

1974 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1974 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by Elizabeth II to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark her visit to New Zealand that year. The Queen was accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince of Wales, Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips on the tour, and attended the 10th British Commonwealth Games in Christchurch and celebrations at Waitangi to mark New Zealand Day. The honours were announced at the conclusion of the tour on 7 and 8 February 1974.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

1977 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1977 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by Elizabeth II to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark her silver jubilee visit to New Zealand that year. They were announced on 22 February 1977.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

1981 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1981 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by Elizabeth II to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark her visit to New Zealand in October that year. The honours were announced between 15 October and 20 October 1981.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

1986 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1986 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by Elizabeth II to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark her visit to New Zealand that year. The honours were announced between 28 February and 2 March 1981.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

1990 Birthday Honours (Queen Mother)

The British Birthday Honours 1990 included a number of honours and awards to celebrate the 90th Birthday of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.

1995 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours

The 1995 New Zealand Royal Visit Honours were appointments by Elizabeth II to the Royal Victorian Order, to mark her visit to New Zealand that year. They were announced via a Special Honours List on 10 November 1995.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

2000 Australian Royal Visit Honours

The 2000 Australian Royal Visit Honours for Australia were announced on 5 May 2000.

2002 Demise Honours

A list of Honours was released on 5 August 2002, and made appointments and promotions within the Royal Victorian Order, as well as awards of the Royal Victorian Medal, on the demise of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon in 2002. The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood recognising distinguished personal service to the Sovereign, and remains in the personal gift of the monarch.

2003 Birthday Honours

The 2003 Queen's Birthday Honours were announced on 14 June 2003 for the United Kingdom and on 2 June 2003 for New Zealand.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour.

2012 Diamond Jubilee Honours

The list of Diamond Jubilee Honours 2012 was released on 13 September 2012 and made appointments and promotions within the Royal Victorian Order to recognise contributions to the celebration of the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 2012. The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood recognising distinguished personal service to the Sovereign, and remains in the personal gift of the monarch.

2013 Special Honours

The Special Honours are issued at the Queen's pleasure at any given time. The Special Honours refer the award of the Order of the Garter, Order of the Thistle, Order of Merit, Royal Victorian Order and the Order of St John.

† indicates an award given posthumously.

Paul Burrell

Paul Burrell, RVM (born (1958-06-06)6 June 1958) is a former servant of the British Royal Household. He was a footman for Queen Elizabeth II and later butler to Diana, Princess of Wales. Since her death in 1997, Burrell has featured prominently in the media in connection with her, and since 2004 as an occasional entertainment show celebrity.

Burrell was awarded the Royal Victorian Medal in November 1997 for services to the Royal Family.

Paul Whybrew

Paul Kevin Whybrew, LVO, RVM (born 1959) is Page of the Backstairs to Queen Elizabeth II. He is an employee of the Royal Households of the United Kingdom.

Robert Kells

Robert Kells, (7 April 1832 – 14 April 1905) was a recipient of the Victoria Cross.

William Tallon

William John Stephenson Tallon, RVM (12 November 1935 – 23 November 2007), also known as Backstairs Billy, was a steward and member of the Queen Mother's staff at Clarence House.

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