Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary

The Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC) is a national police force with jurisdiction throughout all of Papua New Guinea.

Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary
Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary logo
Motto"Securing A Safer Community"
Agency overview
Formedca. 1950
Preceding agencies
  • Royal Papuan Constabulary
  • New Guinea Police Force
Jurisdictional structure
National agencyPapua New Guinea
Operations jurisdictionPapua New Guinea
Governing bodyGovernment of Papua New Guinea
General nature
HeadquartersPort Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Sworn members4800 [1]
Minister responsible
  • Jelta Wong, Ministry of Police
Agency executive
Website
[1]

History

The RPNGC was formed from two predecessor bodies that existed prior to the independence of Papua New Guinea. The Royal Papuan Constabulary, initially established by the Australian colonial administration as part of setting up Papua in the late 19th century, and the New Guinea Police Force which covered the former German New Guinea and British New Guinea also set up by Australia, initially during World War I and formalized as part of the League of Nations mandate of 1920.

The constabulary played a significant role resisting the Japanese occupation of New Guinea during World War II. For example, the Lae War Cemetery holds the names of 13 police officers (panel 8) who died during the war.

The two colonial territories were gradually amalgamated during and after World War II leading to the merger of the two forces.[3] The structure was retained after Papua New Guinea gained independence in 1975, although the name shifted from Royal Papua and New Guinea Constabulary to the present name with the removal of the "and" in 1972.[3]

Special language

The RPNGC is known for the historic use of Police Motu, a lingua franca pidgin variant of the Motu language. During the colonial period, personnel needed to effectively administer the colony were scarce, so the colonial government recruited constables from the various Papua New Guinean peoples and nearby islands such as Fiji and the Solomon Islands. These recruits may have spoken any of about 700–800 different indigenous languages. To aid in communication, a common language was needed and the Police Motu pidgin arose.[4]

The language was widely used not just by police but also by colonial administrators. [5] It was renamed Hiri Motu in the 1970s, due to the connotations of the word "police"[4] and became one of the official languages of Papua New Guinea.

Organization

Yarawa of the Royal Papuan Constabulary
September, 1943 — Battle of Kaiapit — "Yarawa" (left) of the Royal Papuan Constabulary is congratulated for single-handedly capturing a Japanese sergeant by Brigadier I. N. Dougherty (center) and WO2 L. P. Seale of ANGAU (right)

The RPNGC is part of the Law and Justice Sector of the government of Papua New Guinea. It is headquartered in Konedobu, a suburb of Port Moresby, the capital city, in the National Capital District. As of 2008, the Police Commissioner is Gari Baki, with several Deputy Commissioners having responsibility for organizational functions and regions.

The RPNGC has been aided in the past by various Australian initiatives, including supplying police forces and providing hundreds of millions of Australian dollars in assistance with budget, equipment and staffing. This aid is governed under the 1989 Treaty on Development Cooperation and has been carried out in several 5 year phases. [6] For example, in phase II of the aid project, Australia budgeted A$80 million to deploy 53 full-time officers and materiel support.[6] Phase III of the same program saw a proposal for an Enhanced Cooperation Programme[7] with over 200 officers dispatched to aid in operations in 2004.[8] However, after the PNG Supreme Court ruled the officers were not immune from prosecution, they were withdrawn amid diplomatic wrangling.[9]

The RPNGC makes use of Community Auxiliary Police, volunteer forces that aid in policing rural communities.[10]

Challenges

Papua New Guinea does not have a tradition of strong local police authorities. The RPNGC has around 4800 constables charged with enforcing the law in a country of seven million people. The RPNGC faces obstacles in trying to gain the cooperation of PNG communities, which frequently prefer to deal with criminals by themselves.[1]

The Constabulary also faces resource constraints (including shortages of such basic supplies as gasoline and stationery) and difficulties with internal discipline. Consequently, police are spread fairly thin, with correspondingly slow response times. While the Constabulary has a code of ethics,[11] the Human Rights Watch has noted difficulties such as reports of beatings and rape by officers,[12] citizens alleging they feel less safe when police are around, female victims being asked for sex when reporting crimes, and general corruption.[13] Amnesty International in a February 1, 2006 letter to then Minister for Internal Security, Bire Kimisopa and then Commissioner of Police, Sam Inguba, claimed to have documented "extensive evidence of members of the RPNGC subjecting women and girls in custody to rape and other forms of cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment", as well as requests for sexual favors from female victims before investigating crimes, and suggested additional recruitment of female police officers as a way to address the issue.[14]

However, despite the internal issues, the RPNGC has been involved in giving aid to other countries and organizations in the region. For example, aid has been given to the Solomon Islands as part of the RAMSI since July 2003.[15]

P.N.G – Australian-Policing Partnership

The Australian government made a commitment to the PNG Government to deploy 50 Australian Federal Police to Port Moresby and Lae by the end of 2013 as part of Phase 4 of the Expanded Police Partnership.[16]

The aim of the expanded policing partnership is to improves the law enforcement capabilities of the RPNGC across key areas including:

  • public safety
  • station management and supervision
  • community liaison and engagement
  • traffic operations
  • criminal investigations
  • sexual offences.

While on duty, the Australian police officers wear their AFP uniforms which include the mission logo wok wantaim (working together). Their vehicles also prominently display the mission logo.

Crime statistics

Credible national crime statistics are not published by the RPNGC. For the first time, UNDP published a national homicide rate of 13.0/100,000 in the 2013 Human Development Report, but the origin of this figure is unknown.

References

  1. ^ a b "Primer on Personal Security in Papua New Guinea". travel.state.gov. US Department of State. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  2. ^ "It won't be easy, new PNG police chief admits". Pina. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  3. ^ a b "Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary policewomen in PNG 1977–96 [Conference Paper]" (pdf). First Australasian Women Police Conference proceedings. 1996-07-31. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  4. ^ a b Lynch, John (1998). Pacific Languages: An Introduction. University of Hawaii Press. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-8248-1898-2. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  5. ^ Wurm, Stephen Adolphe; Peter Mühlhäusler; Darrell T. Tryon (1996). Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas. Walter de Gruyter. p. 458. ISBN 978-3-11-013417-9. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  6. ^ a b Development Assistance Committee, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (1995). New Zealand. OECD Publishing. pp. 37–39. ISBN 9789264149052. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  7. ^ "Papua New Guinea: 15th Papua New Guinea — Australia Ministerial Forum". Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website. 2003-12-11. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  8. ^ "Papua New Guinea 'to implode'". BBC NEWS — Asia-Pacific. 2004-12-14. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  9. ^ "Will Aussie Police Return?". Pacific Magazine. 2005-07-01. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  10. ^ "CAP key to fight crime". Nation — The National Newspaper. 2007-10-23. Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  11. ^ "Government of Papua New Guinea Law and Justice Sector — Role of the Agency". Law and Justice Sector website. Archived from the original on 2008-12-29. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  12. ^ "Making Their Own Rules". Human Rights Watch website. 2005-08-31. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  13. ^ "Upholding Public Disorder". Far Eastern Economic Review. 168 (8). September 2005.
  14. ^ "Papua New Guinea: Letter to the PNG Government. Recruitment of Female Police Officers". Amnesty International website. 2006-02-01. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  15. ^ "Papua New Guinea Fact Sheet" (PDF). RAMSI website. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 11, 2009. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  16. ^ "Information Sheet – AFP deployed to PNG". Australian High Commission – PNG. Retrieved 2014-01-11.

External links

1988 New Year Honours

The New Year Honours 1988 were appointments by most of the Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries, and honorary ones to citizens of other countries. They were announced on 31 December 1987 to celebrate the year passed and mark the beginning of 1988 in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Mauritius, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuba, and Gibraltar.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

1991 New Year Honours

The New Year Honours 1991 were appointments by Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by people of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth. They were published on 28 December 1990 for the United Kingdom, New Zealand and the Cook Islands, Mauritius, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Christopher and Nevis.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

1992 New Year Honours

The New Year Honours 1992 were appointments by most of the Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries, and honorary ones to citizens of other countries. They were announced on 30 December 1991 to celebrate the year passed and mark the beginning of 1992.

1993 Birthday Honours

The 1993 Queen's Birthday honours were appointments by some of the 16 Commonwealth realms to various orders and honours to recognise and reward good works by citizens of those countries. The Birthday Honours are awarded as part of the Queen's birthday celebrations and were announced on 11 June 1993 for the United Kingdom, the Bahamas, Solomon Islands, Saint Lucia, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, and New Zealand and the Cook Islands. The list for Australia was announced separately on 14 June.Recipients of awards are shown below as they were styled before their new honours.

2011 Birthday Honours

The Birthday Honours 2011 for the Commonwealth realms were announced on 11 June 2011 in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Barbados, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, and on 13 June 2011 in Australia to celebrate the occasion of the Queen's Official Birthday for 2011.

The recipients of honours are displayed or referred to as they were styled before their new honour and arranged first by country, honour and where appropriate by rank (Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander etc.) then division (Military, Civil, Overseas or Police list).

2014 Birthday Honours

The 2014 Birthday Honours were appointments by some of the 16 Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries. The Birthday Honours are awarded as part of the Queen's Official Birthday celebrations during the month of June. The Queen's Birthday Honours were announced on 14 June 2014 in the United Kingdom, on 9 June 2014 in Australia, on 2 June 2014 in New Zealand, on 14 June 2014 in Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia and Belize.

The recipients of honours are displayed as they were styled before their new honour and arranged by the country (in order of precedence) whose ministers advised The Queen on the appointments, then by honour with grades i.e. Knight/Dame Grand Cross, Knight/Dame Commander etc. and then divisions i.e. Civil, Diplomatic and Military as appropriate.

2016 Birthday Honours

The 2016 Queen's Birthday Honours are appointments by some of the 16 Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries. The Birthday Honours are awarded as part of the Queen's Official Birthday celebrations during the month of June. The Queen's Birthday Honours were announced on 6 June 2016 in New Zealand and 10 June in the United Kingdom.The recipients of honours are displayed as they were styled before their new honour. They are arranged by the country (in order of precedence) whose ministers advised the Queen on the appointments, then by honour with grades, i.e. Knight/Dame Grand Cross, Knight/Dame Commander etc., and then by divisions, i.e. Civil, Diplomatic and Military as appropriate.

Chief inspector

Chief inspector (Ch Insp) is a rank used in police forces which follow the British model. In countries outside Britain, it is sometimes referred to as chief inspector of police (CIP).

Chief sergeant

Chief sergeant is a rank in the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary. It is that is unique to that police force, and is between senior sergeant and inspector.

Chief superintendent

Chief superintendent is a senior rank in police forces, especially in those organised on the British model.

Corruption in Papua New Guinea

Corruption is rife in Papua New Guinea (PNG).

According to The Economist, “PNG's governments are notorious for corruption, and ever run the risk of turning the state into a fully-fledged kleptocracy”.Transparency International's 2016 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 136th place out of 176 countries.Papua New Guinea is below the satisfactory levels set by the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), according to a report submitted by Transparency International Papua New Guinea (TIPNG) in 2011. TIPNG’s report found that in many cases, anti-corruption bodies in PNG were restricted by shortcomings in financial resources.

Deputy commissioner

A deputy commissioner is a police, income tax or administrative official in many different countries. The rank is commonplace in police forces of Commonwealth countries, usually ranking below the Commissioner.

F1 submachine gun

The 9×19mm Parabellum F1 was a standard Australian submachine gun manufactured by the Lithgow Small Arms Factory. First issued to Australian troops in July 1963, it replaced the Owen machine carbine.

Like the Owen, the F1 had a distinctive top mounted magazine. It had a robust and simple design, but "never gained popularity with those using it" and in Vietnam it was later largely replaced by the American 5.56mm M16A1 rifle. The F1 was retired in the early 1990s and replaced by the F88C Austeyr, an Australian-built version of the Steyr AUG rifle.

Some 25,000 were produced by Lithgow from 1962–73. Malaysia bought a small number of the F1 but this only totaled 28 in number. A shipment of F1s was also donated to the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary by Australia.

Gari L. Baki

Gari L. Baki is the current Commissioner of Police for the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary. He was a career Officer joining the Cadet Program before his posting to Enga Province serving as the Police Station Commander(PSC) at Wabag Police Station in 1979. He was first appointed Commissioner of Police from 2007-2011 before his current second term from July 2015. He hails from Ganeboku Village in the Talasea area of West New Britain Province.

Konedobu

Konedobu is a suburb of Port Moresby, the capital of Papua New Guinea. It is located in the valley in between Touaguba Hill and Burns Peak.

The suburb is the location of numerous government departments, including the headquarters of the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary. It also contains residential areas and did the Hubert Murray Sports Stadium until 2013 when it was demolished for the site to be developed. The Aviat club, Konedobu Sharks Rugby Union Football Club and Royal Papua Yacht Club are located in Konedobu. The suburb is often referred to as 'Kone'. Prominent thoroughfares in Konedobu include Lawes Road and the Poreporena Freeway.

The Papua New Guinea Post-Courier has its head office in Konedobu.

O Arise, All You Sons

"O Arise, All You Sons" is the national anthem of Papua New Guinea. The 'National Identity Act' of Papua New Guinea was formed in 1971, motivating the country to create a national flag, a national emblem, a national pledge and a national anthem.The Papua New Guinean national flag and emblem were adopted four years earlier. However the National Anthem remained undecided until 1975. Although many songs were submitted to be the anthem, the National Executive Council decided a week before the country's Independence Day (10 September 1975), to adopt the anthem that was composed by Chief Inspector Thomas Shacklady (1917–2006), a bandmaster of the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary Band.

Royal police

Royal police is a civilian police organisation whose task is to safeguard a monarch and his/her family. The military counterpart is called royal guard.

Royal Air Force Police (RAFP)

Royal Australian Corps of Military Police (RACMP)

Royal Barbados Police Force (RBPF)

Royal Bhutan Police (RBP)

Royal Brunei Police Force (RBPF)

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)

Royal Cayman Islands Police Service (RCIPS)

Royal Falkland Islands Police (RFIP)

Royal Gibraltar Police (RGP)

Royal Grenada Police Force (RGPF)

Royal Lao Police (RLP)

Royal Malaysia Police (RMP)

Royal Marines Police (RMP)

Royal Military Police (RMP)

Royal Montserrat Police Service (RMPS)

Royal Navy Police (RNP)

Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC)

Royal Oman Police (ROP)

Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC)

Royal Parks Constabulary (RPC)

Royal Saint Lucia Police (RSLP)

Royal Thai Police (RTP)

Royal Thai Naval Academy (RTNA)

Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)

Royal Virgin Islands Police Force (RVIPF)Royal Police College (disambiguation)

Royal Police Escort (RPE)

Royal Police Band

STK 40 AGL

The STK 40 AGL, formerly the CIS 40 AGL is a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher, developed in the late 1980s and produced by the Singaporean defence firm − Chartered Industries of Singapore (CIS, now ST Kinetics). The launcher is employed primarily by the Singapore Armed Forces and the police and security forces of several other countries.

Senior inspector

Senior inspector is a rank used mainly in the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary, and is between inspector and chief inspector.

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