Royal Navy ratings rank insignia

This is a list of British Royal Navy ratings rank insignia.[1]

Insignia

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
United Kingdom United Kingdom
(Edit)
British Royal Navy OR-9 British Royal Navy OR-8 British Royal Navy OR-7 British Royal Navy OR-6 No equivalent British Royal Navy OR-4 No equivalent British Royal Navy OR-2 No equivalent
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2
(phased out 2014)
Chief petty officer Petty officer Leading rate Able rate
Abbreviation WO1 WO2 CPO PO - LR - AB -
United Kingdom United Kingdom
(Royal Marines)

(Edit)
British Royal Marines OR-9 British Royal Marines OR-8 British Royal Marines OR-7 British Royal Marines OR-6 No equivalent British Royal Marines OR-4 British Royal Marines OR-3 No equivalent No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Colour sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Marine
Abbreviation WO1 WO2 CSgt Sgt - Cpl LCpl - Mne

Trade (branch) badges

Ratings in the Royal Navy include trade badges on the right sleeve to indicate a specific job. The information on the left arm is the individual's rate - e.g. a leading rate (commonly called a leading hand). One nickname is "Killick", for the Killick-anchor rate badge. Branch badges include stars and crowns above and below the branch logo, indicating an individual's qualification within their branch. One star indicates they have passed the required exam in order to be eligible to be selected for the Leading Rates course in their respective branch. Two stars indicates they have completed the Leading Rates course and are now eligible to study for the Petty Officers Qualifying Exam (PQE). A crown indicates they have passed the relevant PQE and are eligible to be Petty Officer. The insignia denotes trade and specialty.

Branches and specialities

Trades in the Royal Navy are listed below. Branch sub-specialities are denoted with an abbreviation on the branch badge.[2] Ratings in the Marine Engineering and Medical branches may obtain "Dolphins" (qualify for the Royal Navy Submarine Service). Medical personnel have an additional option to pass the All Arms Commando Course and serve in the Commando Logistic Regiment Medical Squadron attached to the Royal Marines. The branches were reviewed, revised and published in the Royal Navy's June 2013 BR3 (Book of Reference) edition (now the June 2015 edition).

Engineering

Branch Titles Designator
Weapon Engineering Engineering Technician ET
Marine Engineering[fn 1]
Engineering Technician ET[fn 2]
Marine Engineering Artificer MEA
Marine Engineering Mechanic MEM
Air Engineering[fn 3]
Air Engineering Technician AET
Air Engineering Artificer AEA
Air Engineering Mechanic AEM[3][4][5]
  1. ^ Qualified submariners (i.e. in the Submarine Service) are denoted by "SM". Ratings and Other Ranks in the Engineering Branch further specialise in either mechanical (M) or electrical engineering (L). For example, a leading marine engineering mechanic specialising in electrical engineering is designated LMEM(L).
  2. ^ Sub-specialties include Weapon Engineering (WE)
  3. ^ Sub-specialties are mechanical (M), Electrical (L), Radio (R) and Avionics (Av)

Logistics

Branch Titles Designator
Logistics Logistician
Writer Wtr
Supply Chain SC
Chef CH
Steward Std[6]

Medical

Branch Titles Designator
Medical
Medical Assistant MA[fn 1]
Medical Technician MT
Medical Medical Technician Operating Department Practitioner MT(ODP)
QARNNS Naval Nurse NN[7][8]
  1. ^ MAs who are qualified submariners are designated MASM

Warfare

Branch Titles Designator
General Service
Warfare Specialist
Abovewater Warfare Weapons (AWW) WS
Abovewater Warfare Tactical (AWT)
Underwater Warfare (UW)
Electronic Warfare (EW)
Communication Information Systems Specialist CIS
Communications Technician[9] CT
Diver[10] D
Hydrographic & Meteorological Specialist HM[fn 1]
Mine Warfare Specialist MW
Royal Navy Police Master-at-arms (Chief Petty Officers), Regulator (Other Ratings) RNP
Seamanship SEA
Survey Recorder SR
Weapons Analyst WA
Fleet Air Arm
Naval Airman Aircraft Handler (AH) NA[fn 2]
Aircraft Controller (AC)
Survival Equipment (SE)
Aircrewman - Antisubmarine Warfare (ASW)[fn 3] ACMN
Submarine Service Coxswain (Submarine) Coxn(SM)
Communication Information Systems Specialist Submarine CISSM
Warfare Specialist Tactical Submarine (TSM) WS[11][12][13][14]
Sensors Submarine (SSM)
  1. ^ Formerly known as Meteorology & Oceanography (METOC)
  2. ^ Non-flying Ratings and Other Ranks in the Fleet Air Arm are designated by the general term Naval Airman (NA), followed by their specialty. Also applies to Royal Marines assigned to the Commando Helicopter Force.
  3. ^ Royal Marines other ranks who qualify are designated Commando Aircrew (RMAC)

Current (since 1975)

Insignia Description
Basic device on entering a sub-branch Able Rate, AB class 2, under training
Basic device with star above on qualifying professionally for Able Rate, AB class 1, operationally trained to carry out basic tasks and expected to train for next level as Leading Hand.
Basic device with star above and star below on qualifying professionally for Leading Rate, able to carry complex tasks and lead others and expected to train for next level as Petty Officer.
Basic device with crown above on qualifying professionally for Petty Officer, able to command, instruct others and carry out more complex tasks.
Basic device with crown above worn on the on both lapels on number 1 dress and above the left breast pocket on working dress Chief Petty Officers attain no additional professional qualification, able to show advanced leadership, training abilities and perform the most complex tasks.

1951–1975

The Seaman and Naval Airman branches were:

Insignia Description
Basic device Junior or Basic
Basic device with star above "Star" or third-class part II or specialist qualification (PO and below)
Basic device with star above and star below Second-class part II or specialist qualification (PO and below)
Basic device with crown above First-class part II or specialist qualification (PO and below)
Basic device with crown above Second-class or lower part II or specialist qualification (CPO)
Basic device with crown above star below First-class part II or specialist qualification (CPO)
Basic device with crown above two stars below Chief petty officers, petty officers and confirmed

Leading rates qualified as instructors in the following branches:

  • Radar plot
  • Torpedo anti-Submarine,
  • Gunnery
  • Physical training
  • Tactical communication
  • Radio communication

The instructor rate began to disappear in 1972, when fleet chief petty officers (warrant officers) were introduced.

Other branches, including Naval Air Mechanics, were:

  • Basic device: Junior or Basic Technical qualification
  • Basic device with star above: Technical qualification for able rate
  • Basic device with star above and star below: Technical qualification for leading rate*
  • Basic device with crown above: Petty officer qualified for higher rate of pay
  • Basic device with crown above: Chief petty officer qualified for lower rate of pay
  • Basic device with crown above star below: Chief petty officer qualified for higher rate of pay

.*not applicable to Coder, Supply and Secretariat, Artisan and Sick Birth Branches

Before 1947, each branch developed its own device badges and the crowns and stars of one branch did not necessarily have the same meaning as another. In 1948 and 1951, reforms were implemented to bring the branches into line with each other. A star above the badge normally indicates a person of superior qualifications, and another star below denotes that the person has passed for (and is performing) specific duties; e.g. gunnery, captain of turret, torpedo, torpedo-boat coxswain or signals. The crown is the emblem of authority, and is common in most petty officer, CPO, instructor and police badges.

Warrant officers and above do not wear branch badges or artificers (also known as "tiffs"). Until the late 1990s, artificer apprentices and leading artificers wore the same uniform as petty officers (with a red beret or cap badge, similar to a petty officer's). Apprentices were the last junior ratings not to be dressed as seamen; they did not wear "square rig".

History

Badges for naval ratings were first introduced in 1827:

Petty officer 1st class Crown above anchor
Petty officer 2nd class Foul anchor

Both were white, and worn on the upper-left sleeve.

In 1853, two new ranks were introduced and the badges were altered:

Chief petty officer Crown above anchor surrounded by laurel wreath
Petty officer 1st class Crown above 2 crossed anchors
Petty officer 2nd class Crown above anchor
Leading seaman Foul anchor

These were white, or gold on the dress uniform, or blue on white uniforms. In 1860, the badges changed from white to red on ordinary uniforms.

In 1879 Chief Petty Officers received a fore-and-aft uniform similar to that of the officers, with a cap badge of an anchor within a cord surmounted by a crown. In 1890, they ceased to wear an arm badge. In 1913, the rank of Petty Officer 2nd Class was abolished but the other badges remained the same.

In 1920, petty officers with four years' standing also received the fore-and-aft rig with the cap badge formerly worn by CPOs. The CPOs added a wreath to their cap badge, making it similar to the earlier arm badge.

In 1970 a new rank of Fleet chief petty officer was introduced, with insignia of the royal coat of arms on the lower arm (identical to a warrant officer class 1 in the army and RAF, to which the new rank was equivalent). This rank was renamed warrant officer, and then warrant officer class 1.

In 2004 the rank of warrant officer class 2 was formed from those CPOs holding the appointment of charge chief petty officer. The insignia is a crown within a wreath, also worn on the lower arm. The badges are now worn on the shoulders of 3A/B and 4A/B. Chevrons on the left sleeve, below the rank badge, are for long service and good conduct (one for each four-year period; no more than three may be worn). A chief petty officer in the blue uniform wears three buttons on their sleeves to indicate rank, the same rank insignia (but topped with a star) used by Chilean Navy midshipmen. The WO2 rank began to be phased out in April 2014, with no new appointments; existing holders of the rank retain it until they are promoted or leave the service.[15]

Royal Marines other ranks

Since the Royal Marines share the ranks of British Army, the other ranks are similar but in red and gold (in full dress) or green and gold (in the duty uniform) chevrons from lance corporals to colour sergeants and sharing the same warrant-officer insignia as the RN's. The insignia for the other ranks were formerly red, except for senior NCOs.

History of RM other ranks

RM other ranks were formerly the same as the army's, although the RM (then the His Majesty's Marine Forces) moved to the Royal Navy in the mid-18th century. During the 19th century, as the service split in two, the basic ranks were private for the RM proper (RM Light Infantry) and gunner for the artillery branch (Royal Marine Artillery). Although both had lance corporals and corporals, the RMA also had lance bombardiers and bombardiers; the senior NCO ranks remained. Warrant rank was given to all regimental sergeant majors, all other sergeant majors and other senior NCOs in the same manner as their army counterparts in 1881. In 1910, the services introduced RN-style warrant officer ranks. In 1915, the RMLI and RMA joined the army in adopting the warrant officer ranks (WO classes II and I). Five years later, the warrant-officer ranks were merged and received the same status as their Royal Navy counterparts; WOIIs before the 1920 abolition retained the rank. In the 1923 merger of the services into the present Royal Marines, all other ranks were merged and marine became the basic rank. During the 1940s, RM WOs wore dark blue shoulder boards with the WO lettering surrounded by a wreath while commissioned WOs shared the same insignia as RM second lieutenants.

RM sergeant majors and warrant officers in the 1930s were divided into regular and commissioned sergeant majors, regular and commissioned warrant officers and their equivalents (similar to the RN warrant officers), and were saluted as officers. Like the RN WOs, they became branch officers in 1949 and special duties officers in 1956 (formally losing their status). The WOs were reinstated in 1972, replacing the quartermaster sergeant, SM and their equivalents.

Other ranks (former ranks in italics)

  • Marine, Private (RMLI), Gunner (RMA)
  • Lance corporal, Lance bombardier (RMA)
  • Corporal, Bombardier (RMA)
  • Sergeant
  • Colour sergeant, Company quartermaster sergeant
  • Quartermaster sergeant
  • Sergeant major
  • Staff sergeant major
  • Gunnery sergeant major
  • Company sergeant major
  • Regimental sergeant major
  • Warrant officer class 2
  • Warrant officer class 1
  • Warrant officer
  • Commissioned warrant officer

See also

References

  1. ^ The Dress of the British Sailor HMSO 1957 Badges and Insignia if the British Armed Services published by Adam & Charles Black London 1974 BRD 81 Naval Service Uniform Regulations Chapter 3 (0317) 2009 Naval and Marine Badges and Insignia of World War 2 Guido Rosignoli, Blandford Press
  2. ^ BR3 - Annex 39E - ILLUSTRATIONS OF RN & QARNNS BADGES OF RANK/RATE & OTHER INSIGNIA
  3. ^ BR3 - Chapter 74 - ENGINEERING BRANCH – MARINE ENGINEERING
  4. ^ BR3 - Chapter 76 - ENGINEERING BRANCH – AIR ENGINEERING
  5. ^ BR3 - Chapter 75 - ENGINEERING BRANCH – WEAPON ENGINEERING
  6. ^ BR3 - Chapter 85 - LOGISTICS BRANCH
  7. ^ BR3 - Chapter 89 - MEDICAL BRANCH – QUEEN ALEXANDRA ROYAL NAVAL NURSING SERVICE
  8. ^ BR3 - Chapter 87 - MEDICAL BRANCH – MEDICAL ASSISTANT AND TECHNICIAN
  9. ^ BR3 - Chapter 84 - WARFARE BRANCH – COMMUNICATIONS TECHNICIAN
  10. ^ BR3 - Chapter 78 - WARFARE BRANCH – DIVER (GENERAL SERVICE)
  11. ^ BR3 - Chapter 77 - WARFARE BRANCH
  12. ^ BR3 - Chapter 81 - WARFARE BRANCH – FLEET AIR ARM
  13. ^ BR3 - Chapter 80 - WARFARE BRANCH – ROYAL NAVY POLICE
  14. ^ BR3 - Chapter 79 - WARFARE BRANCH – SUBMARINE SERVICE
  15. ^ "201401 Navy News Jan 14". Content.yudu.com. 2014-04-02. Retrieved 2015-12-27.

External links

British Army other ranks rank insignia

The term used to refer to all ranks below officers is "other ranks" (abbreviated "ORs"). It includes warrant officers, non-commissioned officers ("NCOs") and ordinary soldiers with the rank of private or regimental equivalent. Officers may, in speaking, distinguish themselves from those "in the ranks".

List of United Kingdom Cadet Force by Rank

The following table displays the ranks of the Community Cadet Forces (Army Cadet Force, the Sea Cadet Corps, and the Air Training Corps), the Combined Cadet Force, the Volunteer Cadet Corps (RMVCC and RNVCC), and the Girls Venture Corps Air Cadets. This table is based on equivalent Rank Structures within the Cadet Forces as detailed in regulations of the SCC, RMC, and the Air Cadets.

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Naval rating

In a navy, a rate, rating or bluejacket is a junior enlisted member of that navy who is not a warrant officer or commissioned officer. Depending on the country and navy that uses it, the exact term and the range of ranks that it refers to may vary.

Other ranks (UK)

Other ranks (ORs) in the Royal Marines, British Army, Royal Air Force and in the armies and air forces of many other Commonwealth countries are those personnel who are not commissioned officers, usually including non-commissioned officers (NCOs). (In the Royal Navy, these personnel are called "ratings" rather than "other ranks". Non-commissioned member is the equivalent term for the Canadian Armed Forces.) Colloquially, members of the other ranks are known as "rankers".The term is often considered to exclude warrant officers, and occasionally also excludes NCOs. Formally, a regiment consists of the "officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men" or the "officers, warrant officers and other ranks".

Petty officer

A petty officer (PO) is a non-commissioned officer in many navies and is given the NATO rank denotion OR-5. In many nations, they are typically equal to a corporal or sergeant in comparison to other military branches. Often they may be superior to a seaman, generally the (or one of the) lowest ranks in a navy, and subordinate to a more senior non-commissioned officer, such as a chief petty officer.

RAF other ranks

The term used in the Royal Air Force (RAF) to refer to all ranks below commissioned officer level is other ranks (ORs). It includes warrant officers (WOs), non-commissioned officers (NCOs) and airmen.

Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years' War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.

From the middle decades of the 17th century, and through the 18th century, the Royal Navy vied with the Dutch Navy and later with the French Navy for maritime supremacy. From the mid 18th century, it was the world's most powerful navy until surpassed by the United States Navy during the Second World War. The Royal Navy played a key part in establishing the British Empire as the unmatched world power during the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries. Due to this historical prominence, it is common, even among non-Britons, to refer to it as "the Royal Navy" without qualification.

Following World War I, the Royal Navy was significantly reduced in size, although at the onset of World War II it was still the world's largest. By the end of the war, however, the United States Navy had emerged as the world's largest. During the Cold War, the Royal Navy transformed into a primarily anti-submarine force, hunting for Soviet submarines and mostly active in the GIUK gap. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, its focus has returned to expeditionary operations around the world and remains one of the world's foremost blue-water navies. However, 21st century reductions in naval spending have led to a personnel shortage and a reduction in the number of warships.The Royal Navy maintains a fleet of technologically sophisticated ships and submarines including one aircraft carrier, two amphibious transport docks, four ballistic missile submarines (which maintain the UK's nuclear deterrent), six nuclear fleet submarines, six guided missile destroyers, 13 frigates, 13 mine-countermeasure vessels and 22 patrol vessels. As of November 2018, there are 75 commissioned ships (including submarines) in the Royal Navy, plus 13 ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA); there are also five Merchant Navy ships available to the RFA under a private finance initiative. The RFA replenishes Royal Navy warships at sea, and augments the Royal Navy's amphibious warfare capabilities through its three Bay-class landing ship vessels. It also works as a force multiplier for the Royal Navy, often doing patrols that frigates used to do. The total displacement of the Royal Navy is approximately 408,750 tonnes (743,759 tonnes including the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and Royal Marines).

The Royal Navy is part of Her Majesty's Naval Service, which also includes the Royal Marines. The professional head of the Naval Service is the First Sea Lord who is an admiral and member of the Defence Council of the United Kingdom. The Defence Council delegates management of the Naval Service to the Admiralty Board, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence. The Royal Navy operates three bases in the United Kingdom where commissioned ships are based; Portsmouth, Clyde and Devonport, the last being the largest operational naval base in Western Europe.

Uniforms of the Royal Navy

The uniforms of the Royal Navy have evolved gradually since the first uniform regulations for officers were issued in 1748. The predominant colours of Royal Navy uniforms are navy blue and white. Since reforms in 1997 male and female ratings have worn the same ceremonial uniform.RN uniforms have served as the template for many maritime/naval uniforms throughout the world, especially in the British Empire and Commonwealth. The uniforms of the Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Fleet Auxiliary, the Maritime Volunteer Service, the Sea Cadet Corps, the Navy branch of the Combined Cadet Force and the Volunteer Cadet Corps as well as modern uniforms of Trinity House, the Royal Australian Navy, the Royal New Zealand Navy and Royal Malaysian Navy are virtually identical to RN uniforms, with the exception of flashes at shoulder height and on rank slides. Royal Canadian Navy uniforms are also very similar, though the traditional sailor suit is no longer used and some distinctly Canadian rank insignia and titles are used; i.e., master seaman.

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