The Royal Guelphic Order (German: Guelphen-Orden), sometimes also referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later King George IV). It takes its name from the House of Guelph, of whom of the Hanoverians were a branch.
After the defeat and forced dissolution of the Kingdom of Hanover by the Kingdom of Prussia, the order continued as a house order to be awarded by the Royal House of Hanover. Today, its current chancellor is the Hanoverian head of the house, Ernst August, Prince of Hanover. The honour is named after the House of Guelph to which the Hanoverian kings belonged, and its insignia were based on the white horse of that kingdom's arms.
In the United Kingdom it has always been regarded as a foreign order, and even before 1837 members of the order were not entitled to style themselves as "Sir" unless they were also created Knights Bachelor, as many were.
|Royal Guelphic Order|
Grand cross and sash of the Royal Guelphic Order
|Awarded by Kingdom of Hanover|
|Established||28 April 1815|
|Motto||Nec Aspera Terrent|
(Not afraid of difficulties)
|Grand Master||Ernst August|
Commander 1st Class
Commander 2nd Class
Cross of Merit
Knight Grand Cross
|Next (higher)||Order of St. George (Hanover)|
|Next (lower)||Order of Ernst August|
Ribbon of the order
The Order includes two Divisions, Civil and Military. It originally had three classes, but with several reorganizations since 1841, as house order today it has four classes and an additional Cross of Merit. In descending order of seniority, are:
Holders of the respective degrees of the order in Britain were entitled to be post-nominally addressed with the initials, which stand for Knight Grand Cross of Hanover, Knight Commander of Hanover and Knight of Hanover. The initial GCG was also used, and held to be more correct.
The Order has six officers: the Chancellor, the Vice-Chancellor, the Registrar, the King of Arms, the Genealogist, and the Secretary.
The first six officers were:
Alexander Findlay, KH (c. 1784 – 9 May 1851) was a British Army officer and colonial governor.Charles Menzies (Royal Marines officer)
General Sir Charles Menzies, (12 May 1783 – 22 August 1866) was a senior Royal Marines officer. Although he became a respected soldier, fighting with Horatio Nelson in the Napoleonic Wars and later rising to the rank of general before becoming aide de camp to Queen Victoria, Menzies is best remembered for the founding of Newcastle, New South Wales and the successful commencement of its settlement between the age of 21 and 22.Charles Wilkins
Sir Charles Wilkins, KH, FRS (1749 – 13 May 1836), was an English typographer and Orientalist, and founding member of The Asiatic Society. He is notable as the first translator of Bhagavad Gita into English, and as the creator, alongside Panchanan Karmakar, of the first Bengali typeface. In 1788, Wilkins was elected a member of the Royal Society. he was also known as Caxton of IndiaGeorge Gawler
Lieutenant-Colonel George Gawler, KH, (21 July 1795 – 7 May 1869) was the second Governor of South Australia: from 17 October 1838 until 15 May 1841.George Wetherall
General Sir George Augustus Wetherall, (1788 – 8 April 1868) was a senior British Army officer.Henry Frederick Lockyer
Major General Henry Frederick Lockyer, CB, KH (1797–30 August 1860) was an acting Governor of British Ceylon. He was appointed on 30 June 1860 and was acting Governor until 30 July 1860. On his return journey home, he died aboard the SS Ripon. He was succeeded by Charles Edmund Wilkinson.Henry George Grey
Lieutenant-General Sir Henry George Grey GCH, GCB (25 October 1766 – 11 January 1845) was a British Army officer who served as acting Governor of Cape Colony.John Harvey (British Army officer)
Lieutenant-General Sir John Harvey, (23 April 1778 – 22 March 1852) was a British Army officer and a lieutenant governor.
He was commissioned into the 80th Foot in 1794 and served in several different locations, including France, Egypt, and India. He came to Canada in 1813 and served as a lieutenant colonel in the War of 1812, taking part in the British victories at the Battle of Stoney Creek and the Battle of Crysler's Farm in Ontario.
From 1836 to 1837, he was the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island. From 1837 to 1841, he was the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick. From 1841 to 1846, he was the Civil Governor of Newfoundland. From 1846 to 1852, he was the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.Jules d'Anethan
Jules Joseph, Baron d'Anethan (23 April 1803 – 8 October 1888) was a Belgian Catholic Party politician.
After serving as minister for Justice and Religion, D'Anethan was named the 12th Prime Minister of Belgium and Minister of Foreign Affairs by King Leopold II on 2 July 1870. During his term in office, d'Anethan was responable for directing the Belgian reaction to the Franco-Prussian War.
D'Anethan and the king agreed a programme whereby the King's favoured military reforms—in particular the abolition of Remplacement conscription—would be implemented, along with an agreement not to institute electoral reforms. He served as Foreign and War minister in his own government.
D'Anethan was obliged to include in his cabinet ministers who were opposed to the abolition of Remplacement which led to conflicts with the King. A political crisis following his nomination of Pierre de Decker as governor of Limburg led to the resignation of d'Anethan's government.
He later served, from 1884 to 1885, as president of the Belgian Senate.List of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order
Below is an incomplete list of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order from the creation of the order in 1815. Appointments to the order have not been conferred by the British monarch (in their role as King of Hanover) since the death of King William IV in 1837, when the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended. It has however continued to be conferred by the Kingdom of Hanover as an independent state (for example, to Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover in 1866) and subsequently after the defeat and forced dissolution of the Kingdom of Hanover by the Kingdom of Prussia to be awarded by the Royal House of Hanover.Lord Frederick FitzClarence
Lieutenant-General Lord Frederick FitzClarence, GCH (9 December 1799 – 30 October 1854) was a British Army officer as well as being the illegitimate third son of King William IV and his mistress, Dorothea Jordan.Lucius Cary, 10th Viscount Falkland
Lucius Bentinck Cary, 10th Viscount Falkland GCH, PC (5 November 1803 – 12 March 1884) was a British colonial administrator and Liberal politician.Richard Curzon-Howe, 1st Earl Howe
Richard William Penn Curzon-Howe, 1st Earl Howe, (11 December 1796 – 12 May 1870), was a British peer and courtier.Robert Gardiner (British Army officer)
General Sir Robert William Gardiner (2 May 1781 – 26 June 1864) was Master Gunner, St James's Park, the most senior Ceremonial Post in the Royal Artillery after the Sovereign.Rufane Shaw Donkin
Lieutenant General Sir Rufane Shaw Donkin (1772 – 1 May 1841), was a British army officer of the Napoleonic era and later Member of Parliament.Sir Charles Rowley, 1st Baronet
Admiral Sir Charles Rowley (16 December 1770 – 10 October 1845) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.Sir William Houston, 1st Baronet
General Sir William Houston, 1st Baronet KC (10 August 1766 – 8 April 1842) was a General in the British Army and the Governor of Gibraltar.William Gabriel Davy
General Sir William Gabriel Davy, (1780 – 25 January 1856) was a British Army officer who fought in the Peninsular War.William Jackson Hooker
Sir William Jackson Hooker (6 July 1785 – 12 August 1865) was an English systematic botanist and organiser, and botanical illustrator. He held the post of Regius Professor of Botany at Glasgow University, and was Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He enjoyed the friendship and support of Sir Joseph Banks for his exploring, collecting and organising work. His son, Joseph Dalton Hooker, succeeded him to the Directorship of Kew Gardens.
|Kingdom of Prussia|
|Kingdom of Bavaria|
|Kingdom of Saxony|
|Kingdom of Württemberg|
|Kingdom of Hanover|
|Grand Duchy of Baden|
|Grand Duchy of Hesse|
|Grand Duchy of|
|Grand Duchy of|
|Grand Duchy of Oldenburg|
|Duchy of Saxe-Weimar|
|Duchy of Brunswick|
|Duchy of Nassau|
|Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg|
|Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha|
|Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen|
|Duchy of Anhalt|
|Principality of Lippe-Detmold|
|Principality of Reuss|