Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead

The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead is a Royal Borough of Berkshire, in South East England. It is home to Windsor Castle, Eton College, Legoland Windsor and Ascot Racecourse. It is one of four boroughs entitled to be prefixed Royal and is one of six unitary authorities in its county, which has historic and ceremonial status.

Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead
Shown within Berkshire
Shown within Berkshire
Coordinates: 51°28′00″N 0°40′00″W / 51.4667°N 0.6667°WCoordinates: 51°28′00″N 0°40′00″W / 51.4667°N 0.6667°W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Ceremonial countyBerkshire
StatusUnitary authority
Incorporated1 April 1974
Admin HQMaidenhead
 • TypeUnitary authority
 • BodyWindsor and Maidenhead Borough Council
 • LeadershipCllr. Simon Dudley (Leader of the Cabinet) (Conservative)
 • MPsAdam Afriyie (Windsor)
Theresa May (Maidenhead)
 • Total76.61 sq mi (198.43 km2)
Area rank161st (of 317)
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total150,906
 • Rank133rd (of 317)
 • Density2,000/sq mi (760/km2)
 • Ethnicity
90.2% White
5.4% S.Asian
1.2% Black
1.7% Mixed Race
1.4% Chinese or Other[1]
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code00ME (ONS) E06000040 (GSS)
OS grid referenceSU926750

Incorporation and enhancement to unitary authority

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 as one of six standard districts or boroughs within Berkshire, under the Local Government Act 1972, from minor parts of Berkshire and Buckinghamshire which remained for more than two decades Administrative Counties, and such that Berkshire assumed the high-level local government functions for the resultant area. The change merged the boroughs of Maidenhead and Windsor (formally the Royal Borough of New Windsor), the rural districts of Cookham and Windsor, and in Buckinghamshire, north of the River Thames (on the left bank): Eton urban district and the parishes of Datchet, Horton and Wraysbury in its rural district.[2] The area immediately inherited by law royal borough status from the town of Windsor which contains Windsor Castle.

The local authority is its Council. Its area became a unitary authority area on 1 April 1998 with virtually full local government powers as Berkshire County Council was abolished.[3] A minority of the area in terms of population has a lower level of local government, the civil parish.

River Thames

The borough straddles the River Thames. Approximately half of its flow through the borough has a bypass and seasonally-variable flood relief channel, the Jubilee River. Further flood relief channels are planned for the reaches below the Borough to benefit many other settlements including Datchet and Wraysbury in the Borough which were the settlements most widely affected by the UK storms of January-February 2014.[4]

Towns and villages

The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead contains the following towns and villages:



The Royal Borough is represented at Westminster by two members of parliament of the Conservative Party: Adam Afriyie (for Windsor) and Prime Minister Theresa May (for Maidenhead). Maidenhead has been held by the Conservative Party since its creation in 1997. Windsor has been held by the same party since 1874 with varying representation from its 1484 creation including more than 350 initial years with two MPs. Small parts of wards of other seats, notably the Slough unitary area and Wokingham have intermittently been included in each seat to prevent malapportionment which is a definition of boundaries which causes any MP to serve a significantly different number of potential voters (electors) than the others.[5][6]

The irregular, elongated shape of the Windsor seat being the south-east half of the Borough has been criticised by academics who noted the net changes which the Heath administration led through Parliament in 1972, implemented in 1974, intensified difference. They frequently grouped right-leaning suburban areas within urban historic centres and more modern, urban left-leaning areas such as the bulk of Slough. This ostensibly amounted to nationwide gerrymandering or homogenisation to install a greater number safe seats at the expense of marginal seats however also reflected the majority of social associations of people in each area.[7]

Local government

Elections for councillors to the Royal Borough take place every four years; the last took place in 2019. The local authority is controlled a cabinet. The Royal Borough is currently under a Conservative administration, with Cllr Simon Dudley the leader of the council.[8]

The borough's Mayor is Cllr Sayonara Luxton, and Mayor's Consort Ian Luxton.[9]

41 councillors represent the electorate of 19 wards.[8] The political control of the Royal Borough is as follows:[10][11][12]

Party in control Years
Conservative 1973–1991
No overall control 1991–1995
Liberal Democrats 1995–1997
No overall control 1997–2003
Liberal Democrats 2003–2007
Conservative 2007–2019
Conservative 2019–present

Parish and town councils

There are 14 parish councils and 1 town council in the borough:

The towns of Maidenhead and Windsor are unparished.


The Windsor and Maidenhead LEA provides a comprehensive system, with a three-tier successive school system in Windsor, and two-tier education elsewhere. Colleges and sixth forms are available in the main two towns as across its borders in Egham, Slough and Wokingham.[13]

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead.



Military Units


Twin towns

The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead is twinned with the following Towns:


  1. ^ Population estimates
  2. ^ The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972. SO 1972/2039.
  3. ^ The Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996. SI 1996/1879
  4. ^ Lower Thames Strategy Study: Strategic Environmental Assessment environmental report, Environment Agency, 2009. Accessed 31-12-2017
  5. ^ Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (SI 1995/1626)
  6. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) (Miscellaneous Changes) Order 1998 (SI 1998/3152).
  7. ^ Polity (magazine): 6:298 (147 and 183) "The Case of the Vanishing Marginals", D. R. Mayhew (1974)
  8. ^ a b "Your Councillors". 10 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  9. ^ Maidenhead, The Royal Borough of Windsor and. "The Mayoralty". Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  10. ^ UK Politics | Local Elections 2000 | Windsor & Maidenhead Royal. BBC News. Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
  11. ^ Election 2007 | Local Council Elections | Windsor & Maidenhead Royal council. BBC News (4 May 2007). Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
  12. ^ "England local elections 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  13. ^ "School system in Windsor to remain as three-tier". Windsor Advertiser. 5 July 2012.
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  1. ^ Maidenhead, The Royal Borough of Windsor and. "Borough elections 2019 - by ward". Retrieved 10 June 2019.
Altwood Church of England School

Altwood Church of England School is the only Church of England secondary school in Maidenhead.

Altwood School is an academy. The school draws pupils from across Maidenhead, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire.


Bisham is a village and civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England. The village is located on the River Thames, around one mile south of Marlow in the neighbouring county of Buckinghamshire, and around three miles northwest of Maidenhead. According to the 2001 Census, the population of the parish was 1,149, reducing to 1,099 at the 2011 Census.Bisham is home to one of Sport England's National Sports Centres.

Charters School

Charters School is a secondary school and sixth form with academy status located in Sunningdale, Berkshire. In December 2006 and December 2009 it was graded 1 outstanding by OFSTED.


Clewer (also known as Clewer Village) is an ecclesiastical parish and an area of Windsor in the county of Berkshire, England. Clewer makes up three wards of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, namely Clewer North, Clewer South and Clewer East.

Cox Green, Berkshire

Cox Green is a civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire. It is a large suburb of Maidenhead with most of its housing west of the A404(M) Maidenhead bypass and south of the A4 road. The remainder of this area is rural. The parish has an urban boundary with Woodlands Park to the southwest and a rural boundary with White Waltham parish to the west.

Cox Green School

Cox Green School is a secondary school with academy status in Berkshire, England.

Desborough College

Desborough College is a secondary school with academy status located on Shoppenhangers Road, Maidenhead, Berkshire, England.

Until 2009 it was an all-boys school, however, the sixth form has since become co-educational. It was founded as Maidenhead County Grammar School in 1894 under its first Headmaster Mr A. E. Brooks.

In the 1970s reform in the Royal Borough ensured all schools converted to the then new comprehensive schools system, which prompted the school's name change to Desborough School after Lord Desborough, a prominent Maidonian.

For the second time in the school's history it changed status in 2012 becoming an Academy school, and changed its name to Desborough College. As part of its academy status it is partnered with the independent Radley College, Microsoft and The John Lewis Partnership.

Eton, Berkshire

Eton ( EE-tən) is a historic town in Berkshire, England, on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor, connected to it by Windsor Bridge. The civil parish, which also includes the large village of Eton Wick, two miles west of the town, had a population of 4,692 at the 2011 Census. Since 1998 it has been part of the unitary authority of Windsor and Maidenhead.

The town is best known as the location of Eton College public school.

Furze Platt Senior School

Furze Platt Senior School is a mixed secondary school with academy status in Maidenhead.

The school draws pupils from across Maidenhead, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire.

The school's latest OFSTED report rated Furze Platt Senior School as GOOD.

List of schools in Windsor and Maidenhead

This is a list of schools in Windsor and Maidenhead in the English county of Berkshire.

Manor Green School

Manor Green School is a day special school located in Maidenhead, Berkshire, England. It caters for over 200 students, aged 2–19, with a wide range of special educational needs (SEN).

Newlands Girls' School

Newlands Girls' School is a girls' comprehensive school in Maidenhead, Berkshire, England.


Sunningdale is a populous village with a retail area and a civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead. It takes up the extreme south-east corner of Berkshire, England. It has a railway station on the (London) Waterloo to Reading Line and is adjoined by green buffers including Sunningdale Golf Club and Wentworth Golf Club. Its northern peripheral estates adjoin Virginia Water Lake.

Sunninghill, Berkshire

Sunninghill is a village in the civil parish of Sunninghill and Ascot in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in the English county of Berkshire.

The Windsor Boys' School

The Windsor Boys' School is an all-boys upper school on Maidenhead Road in Windsor, Berkshire, within the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Local Authority. The school specialises in the arts.

Trevelyan Middle School

Trevelyan Middle School is a comprehensive middle-deemed-secondary school in Windsor, Berkshire, England, within the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Local Authority. The school is attended by approximately 502 boys and girls aged between nine and thirteen.

Windsor Girls' School

Windsor Girls' School (WGS) is a state secondary school for girls aged 13–18 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. While most other schools in Berkshire operate on a two-tier system with pupils entering secondary school at age 11, the local LEA uses the three-tier system, hence the 13+ entry age. It previously held Business & Enterprise specialist status and was rated "good, with outstanding features" by Ofsted inspectors in 2010. In 2014, the school was rated outstanding.

Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council

Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council is the local authority of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England. It is a unitary authority council, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. Windsor and Maidenhead is divided into 23 wards, electing 57 councillors. The council was created by the Local Government Act 1972 and replaced six local authorities: Cookham Rural District Council, Eton Urban District Council, Eton Rural District Council, Maidenhead Borough Council, New Windsor Borough Council and Windsor Rural District Council. Since 1 April 1998 it has been a unitary authority, assuming the powers and functions of Berkshire County Council.

Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council elections

Windsor and Maidenhead is a unitary authority in Berkshire, England. Until 1 April 1998 it was a non-metropolitan district.

Settlements in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead
Civil parishes
Other villages
and hamlets
Electoral wards of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead
Ascot and Sunninghill
Bisham and Cookham
Boyn Hill
Clewer and Dedworth East
Clewer and Dedworth West
Clewer East
Cox Green
Datchet, Horton and Wraysbury
Eton and Castle
Furze Platt
Hurley and Walthams
Old Windsor
Pinkneys Green
St Mary's
Sunningdale and Cheapside
East Sussex
Isle of Wight
West Sussex
Unitary authorities
Major settlements
Local elections


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