The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead is a Royal Borough of Berkshire, in South East England. It is home to Windsor Castle, Eton College, Legoland Windsor and Ascot Racecourse. It is one of four boroughs entitled to be prefixed Royal and is one of six unitary authorities in its county, which has historic and ceremonial status.
Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead
Shown within Berkshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Unitary authority|
|• Body||Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Cllr. Simon Dudley (Leader of the Cabinet) (Conservative)|
|• MPs||Adam Afriyie (Windsor)|
Theresa May (Maidenhead)
|• Total||76.61 sq mi (198.43 km2)|
|Area rank||161st (of 317)|
|• Rank||133rd (of 317)|
|• Density||2,000/sq mi (760/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||90.2% White|
1.7% Mixed Race
1.4% Chinese or Other
|Time zone||UTC0 (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
|ONS code||00ME (ONS) E06000040 (GSS)|
|OS grid reference|
The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 as one of six standard districts or boroughs within Berkshire, under the Local Government Act 1972, from minor parts of Berkshire and Buckinghamshire which remained for more than two decades Administrative Counties, and such that Berkshire assumed the high-level local government functions for the resultant area. The change merged the boroughs of Maidenhead and Windsor (formally the Royal Borough of New Windsor), the rural districts of Cookham and Windsor, and in Buckinghamshire, north of the River Thames (on the left bank): Eton urban district and the parishes of Datchet, Horton and Wraysbury in its rural district. The area immediately inherited by law royal borough status from the town of Windsor which contains Windsor Castle.
The local authority is its Council. Its area became a unitary authority area on 1 April 1998 with virtually full local government powers as Berkshire County Council was abolished. A minority of the area in terms of population has a lower level of local government, the civil parish.
The borough straddles the River Thames. Approximately half of its flow through the borough has a bypass and seasonally-variable flood relief channel, the Jubilee River. Further flood relief channels are planned for the reaches below the Borough to benefit many other settlements including Datchet and Wraysbury in the Borough which were the settlements most widely affected by the UK storms of January-February 2014.
The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead contains the following towns and villages:
The Royal Borough is represented at Westminster by two members of parliament of the Conservative Party: Adam Afriyie (for Windsor) and Prime Minister Theresa May (for Maidenhead). Maidenhead has been held by the Conservative Party since its creation in 1997. Windsor has been held by the same party since 1874 with varying representation from its 1484 creation including more than 350 initial years with two MPs. Small parts of wards of other seats, notably the Slough unitary area and Wokingham have intermittently been included in each seat to prevent malapportionment which is a definition of boundaries which causes any MP to serve a significantly different number of potential voters (electors) than the others.
The irregular, elongated shape of the Windsor seat being the south-east half of the Borough has been criticised by academics who noted the net changes which the Heath administration led through Parliament in 1972, implemented in 1974, intensified difference. They frequently grouped right-leaning suburban areas within urban historic centres and more modern, urban left-leaning areas such as the bulk of Slough. This ostensibly amounted to nationwide gerrymandering or homogenisation to install a greater number safe seats at the expense of marginal seats however also reflected the majority of social associations of people in each area.
Elections for councillors to the Royal Borough take place every four years; the last took place in 2019. The local authority is controlled a cabinet. The Royal Borough is currently under a Conservative administration, with Cllr Simon Dudley the leader of the council.
The borough's Mayor is Cllr Sayonara Luxton, and Mayor's Consort Ian Luxton.
|Party in control||Years|
|No overall control||1991–1995|
|No overall control||1997–2003|
The towns of Maidenhead and Windsor are unparished.
The Windsor and Maidenhead LEA provides a comprehensive system, with a three-tier successive school system in Windsor, and two-tier education elsewhere. Colleges and sixth forms are available in the main two towns as across its borders in Egham, Slough and Wokingham.
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead.
The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead is twinned with the following Towns:
Altwood Church of England School is the only Church of England secondary school in Maidenhead.
Altwood School is an academy. The school draws pupils from across Maidenhead, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire.Bisham
Bisham is a village and civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England. The village is located on the River Thames, around one mile south of Marlow in the neighbouring county of Buckinghamshire, and around three miles northwest of Maidenhead. According to the 2001 Census, the population of the parish was 1,149, reducing to 1,099 at the 2011 Census.Bisham is home to one of Sport England's National Sports Centres.Charters School
Charters School is a secondary school and sixth form with academy status located in Sunningdale, Berkshire. In December 2006 and December 2009 it was graded 1 outstanding by OFSTED.Clewer
Clewer (also known as Clewer Village) is an ecclesiastical parish and an area of Windsor in the county of Berkshire, England. Clewer makes up three wards of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, namely Clewer North, Clewer South and Clewer East.Cox Green, Berkshire
Cox Green is a civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire. It is a large suburb of Maidenhead with most of its housing west of the A404(M) Maidenhead bypass and south of the A4 road. The remainder of this area is rural. The parish has an urban boundary with Woodlands Park to the southwest and a rural boundary with White Waltham parish to the west.Cox Green School
Cox Green School is a secondary school with academy status in Berkshire, England.Desborough College
Desborough College is a secondary school with academy status located on Shoppenhangers Road, Maidenhead, Berkshire, England.
Until 2009 it was an all-boys school, however, the sixth form has since become co-educational. It was founded as Maidenhead County Grammar School in 1894 under its first Headmaster Mr A. E. Brooks.
In the 1970s reform in the Royal Borough ensured all schools converted to the then new comprehensive schools system, which prompted the school's name change to Desborough School after Lord Desborough, a prominent Maidonian.
For the second time in the school's history it changed status in 2012 becoming an Academy school, and changed its name to Desborough College. As part of its academy status it is partnered with the independent Radley College, Microsoft and The John Lewis Partnership.Eton, Berkshire
Eton ( EE-tən) is a historic town in Berkshire, England, on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor, connected to it by Windsor Bridge. The civil parish, which also includes the large village of Eton Wick, two miles west of the town, had a population of 4,692 at the 2011 Census. Since 1998 it has been part of the unitary authority of Windsor and Maidenhead.
The town is best known as the location of Eton College public school.Furze Platt Senior School
Furze Platt Senior School is a mixed secondary school with academy status in Maidenhead.
The school draws pupils from across Maidenhead, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire.
The school's latest OFSTED report rated Furze Platt Senior School as GOOD.List of schools in Windsor and Maidenhead
This is a list of schools in Windsor and Maidenhead in the English county of Berkshire.Manor Green School
Manor Green School is a day special school located in Maidenhead, Berkshire, England. It caters for over 200 students, aged 2–19, with a wide range of special educational needs (SEN).Newlands Girls' School
Newlands Girls' School is a girls' comprehensive school in Maidenhead, Berkshire, England.Sunningdale
Sunningdale is a populous village with a retail area and a civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead. It takes up the extreme south-east corner of Berkshire, England. It has a railway station on the (London) Waterloo to Reading Line and is adjoined by green buffers including Sunningdale Golf Club and Wentworth Golf Club. Its northern peripheral estates adjoin Virginia Water Lake.Sunninghill, Berkshire
Sunninghill is a village in the civil parish of Sunninghill and Ascot in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in the English county of Berkshire.The Windsor Boys' School
The Windsor Boys' School is an all-boys upper school on Maidenhead Road in Windsor, Berkshire, within the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Local Authority. The school specialises in the arts.Trevelyan Middle School
Trevelyan Middle School is a comprehensive middle-deemed-secondary school in Windsor, Berkshire, England, within the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Local Authority. The school is attended by approximately 502 boys and girls aged between nine and thirteen.Windsor Girls' School
Windsor Girls' School (WGS) is a state secondary school for girls aged 13–18 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. While most other schools in Berkshire operate on a two-tier system with pupils entering secondary school at age 11, the local LEA uses the three-tier system, hence the 13+ entry age. It previously held Business & Enterprise specialist status and was rated "good, with outstanding features" by Ofsted inspectors in 2010. In 2014, the school was rated outstanding.Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council
Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council is the local authority of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England. It is a unitary authority council, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. Windsor and Maidenhead is divided into 23 wards, electing 57 councillors. The council was created by the Local Government Act 1972 and replaced six local authorities: Cookham Rural District Council, Eton Urban District Council, Eton Rural District Council, Maidenhead Borough Council, New Windsor Borough Council and Windsor Rural District Council. Since 1 April 1998 it has been a unitary authority, assuming the powers and functions of Berkshire County Council.Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council elections
Windsor and Maidenhead is a unitary authority in Berkshire, England. Until 1 April 1998 it was a non-metropolitan district.
Settlements in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead
|Other villages |
Electoral wards of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead
|Ascot and Sunninghill|
|Bisham and Cookham|
|Clewer and Dedworth East|
|Clewer and Dedworth West|
|Datchet, Horton and Wraysbury|
|Eton and Castle|
|Hurley and Walthams|
|Sunningdale and Cheapside|
|Isle of Wight|