Royal Australian Naval Reserve

The Royal Australian Naval Reserve (RANR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Australian Navy in Australia.

The current Royal Australian Naval Reserve was formed in June 1973 by merging the former RANR (Seagoing) and the Royal Australian Naval Volunteer Reserve.

Royal Australian Naval Reserve
Active1973–Present
CountryAustralia Australia
TypeNavy
Part ofRoyal Australian Navy
MarchRoyal Australian Navy
Commanders
Chief of the Defence ForceAir Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC
Chief of NavyVice Admiral Timothy William "Tim" Barrett AO, CSC, RAN
Director-General Australian Navy Cadets and ReservesRear Admiral Bruce Kafer AM, CSC, RAN
Captain (Reserves)Captain Harry Lok, RANR

See also

Alec Southwell

Alec James Southwell (1 November 1926 - 26 January 2018) was a judge from 3 April 1979 until 11 April 1997 in the Supreme Court of Victoria, which is the highest ranking court in the Australian State of Victoria. At the time of his retirement, Southwell was believed to be Australia's longest-serving judge.

Brian Grieve

Professor Brian John Grieve (15 August 1907 – 5 September 1997) was an Australian botanist best known for his multi-volume book series How to know Western Australian wildflowers.

Born in Allans Flat, Victoria, he was educated at Williamstown High School, then matriculated to the University of Melbourne. He graduated with First Class Honours in Botany in 1929, and the following year was awarded an M.Sc.. He then won an 1851 Exhibition Scholarship that enabled him to undertake Doctoral studies at the University of London.

Grieve returned to Victoria in 1931, taking up a lecturing position at the University of Melbourne. He remained there until 1947, except for a period in 1938 and 1939 when he studied mycology at the University of Cambridge, and a brief time serving in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve early in World War II. During World War II his university research included an investigation into fungal contamination of field glasses in New Guinea.

In 1947, Grieve moved to Western Australia to become head of the University of Western Australia's Botany Department. In 1957 he became the Department's Foundation Professor. His research interests were broad, taking in general botany, anatomy, physiology, genetics, biosystematics, ecology, mycology and systematics. Later, he began to specialise in the physiology of Australia's native plants, especially their water relationships.

Grieve was a long-time member of the Royal Society of Western Australia, joining in 1948, and twice serving as President. He was made an Honorary Life Member in 1975, and was awarded the Society's Medal in 1979. He also served on the Kings Park Board from 1959 to 1978.

In the public's eye, he is best known for his contributions to the How to Know Western Australian Wildflowers project, a series of books on systematic identification of the flora of Western Australia begun by William Blackall, and continued by Grieve after Blackall's death in 1941. Despite working on the project for over fifty years, he never published a formal taxonomic paper, and so does not have a formal botanical author abbreviation.

Chief of Joint Capabilities

The Chief of Joint Capabilities (CJC) is the head of the Joint Capabilities Group (JCG) in the Australian Department of Defence, part of the Australian Defence Organisation. This position was created on 1 July 2017. The current chief is Air Marshal Warren McDonald.

Davyd Thomas

Rear Admiral Davyd Rhys Thomas (born 2 May 1956) is a senior officer in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve.

Des Dans

Desmond Keith "Des" Dans (24 November 1924 – 2 January 2014) was an Australian trade unionist and politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Council of Western Australia from 1971 to 1989, representing South Metropolitan Province. He served as a minister in the government of Brian Burke.

Dans was born in Perth to Mary (née Frances) and Keith Dans. He moved to Kalgoorlie as a child, where he attended a convent school before going on to the Kalgoorlie School of Mines. Dans enlisted in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve in 1942, and served as a stoker aboard HMAS Hobart. After the war's end, he joined the merchant marine, and became involved with the Seamen's Union. He served as state secretary of the union from 1959 to 1971. Dans was elected to parliament at the 1971 state election. He was made leader of the Labor Party in the Legislative Council in 1976, and elevated to the shadow cabinet in 1978. After Labor's victory at the 1983 state election, Dans was made Minister for Industrial Relations in the new ministry formed by Brian Burke. Following a reshuffle in December 1984, he was instead made Minister for Racing and Gaming and Minister for Tourism. Another reshuffle occurred after the 1986 election, and Dans became Minister for Works and Services, with responsibility for the 1987 America's Cup. He resigned from the ministry just over a month after the event's completion, and left parliament at the 1989 election.

George Philip Barber

George Philip Barber (26 March 1863 – 7 November 1938) was a member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly. To the people of Bundaberg, he was known as "Honest George".

HMAS Bayonet (P 101)

HMAS Bayonet (P 101) was an Attack class patrol boat of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).

HMAS HDML 1321

HMAS HDML 1321, also known as Rushcutter was a 58-ton Harbour Defence Motor Launch of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Built by Purdon & Featherstone, Battery Point, Hobart, Tasmania and commissioned into the RAN on 11 November 1943, being the first Australian-built HDML to be commissioned and the last HDML in RAN service. She was assigned to Z Special Unit and delivered commandos for the 1945 ill-fated raid on Muschu Island. She was later reclassified as a Seaward Defence Boat and put into reserve after the war. She was recommissioned as HMAS Rushcutter (ML 1321) in 1953 and used as an unarmed training vessel for the Royal Australian Naval Reserve and Australian Navy Cadets until 1970. Paid off in August 1971, she was converted to pleasure craft MV Rushcutter and is now based in Darwin.

Rushcutter was moved from its mooring in Cossack Creek to the Small Boat Anchorage between Stokes Hill Wharf and the East Arm Wharf in 2016 while it was being offered for sale. It sank there on 19 October 2016. The hull, without any significant deck or hull structures, was raised and landed in July 2018; the wreck was bought by the conservation group from the owner, Ms Geddes, for a nominal AU$2. In mid July 2018, it was refloated by using buoyancy assistance and pumps, then removed from the water for further preservation.

Laurence Street

Commodore Sir Laurence Whistler Street, AC, KCMG, KStJ, QC (3 July 1926 – 21 June 2018) was an Australian jurist; formerly the fourteenth and second youngest Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales and Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales. He was the third consecutive generation of his family to have served New South Wales in these offices; the only such case in Australian history.Following retirement from the judiciary at age 62, Street became renowned as a pioneer of alternative dispute resolution, notably conducting the first mediation over the return to Australia of Aboriginal Australian human remains held by the National History Museum in London. Among a range of other offices, he served as Chairman of Fairfax Media and Director of Monte dei Paschi di Siena, the oldest bank in the world. A veteran of World War II, he was a Commander of the Royal Australian Naval Reserve for most of his career and was made an honorary Commodore in his final years.

Les Meade

Edward Leslie "Les" Meade (4 November 1904 – 9 November 1989) was an Australian rules footballer who played with Melbourne and Hawthorn in the Victorian Football League (VFL).Born in Terang, Les Meade was the third child of Edward Meade and Emily Elizabeth Ayres. He joined Melbourne from Yarraville at the start of the 1927 VFL season.Les Meade married Vivienne Alexandra Johnson Maxwell in 1931 and they lived in Glen Iris for over forty years. He also served in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve in World War II. He died in 1989.

Lionel Matthews

Lionel Colin Matthews, (15 August 1912 – 2 March 1944) was an Australian Army officer in World War II. He was posthumously awarded the George Cross, the highest award for heroism or courage not in the face of the enemy, that could be awarded to a member of the Australian armed forces at the time. Matthews was born in Adelaide, South Australia, and was schooled there before moving to Victoria. He trained as a signalman in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve before joining the Militia in April 1939. Commissioned as an officer in the Australian Corps of Signals, Matthews transferred to the 8th Division of the Second Australian Imperial Force after the outbreak of World War II.

Sent to Singapore with the rest of the division, Matthews served as the brigade signals officer of the 27th Brigade during the Malayan Campaign and the Battle of Singapore, and at the surrender of Singapore he became a prisoner-of-war (POW). While in captivity he was awarded the Military Cross for displaying a high standard of courage, energy and ability while maintaining communications under fire in the earlier fighting. In July 1942, he was a member of a group of POWs sent to the Sandakan POW camp in British North Borneo. There, Matthews established an intelligence network, collecting information, weapons, medical supplies and radio parts, and made contact with organisations outside the camp, including Filipino guerrillas who assisted POWs to escape.

In July 1943, members of his organisation were betrayed, and Matthews and others were arrested, beaten, tortured and starved by their Japanese captors. Matthews refused to provide any information on his organisation or its members to the Kenpeitai, and was executed by firing squad at Kuching, Sarawak, in March 1944. After the war he was posthumously awarded the George Cross in recognition of his gallant and distinguished services while a POW in Japanese hands.

Michael Slattery (admiral)

Rear Admiral Michael John Slattery, (born 1954) is a Royal Australian Naval Reserve officer and lawyer. He has been a justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales since 2009 and the Judge Advocate General of the Australian Defence Force since July 2014.

Naval Reserve

Naval Reserve, a reserve body of a nation's navy, typically called-upon in times of conflict, may refer to:

La réserve Marine, France

Royal Naval Reserve, United Kingdom

Royal Australian Naval Reserve

Canadian Forces Naval Reserve

United States Navy Reserve

Naval Service Reserve, Ireland

Royal New Zealand Naval Volunteer Reserve

Pardons for Morant, Handcock and Witton

Pardons for Morant, Handcock and Witton, three Australian soldiers, were sought from their convictions for war crimes - the murder of several Boer prisoners-of-war - during the Second Boer War.

Following four courts martial in early 1902, Lieutenants Peter Joseph Handcock and Harry "Breaker" Morant, of the Bushveldt Carbineers (BVC) of the British Army, were executed by a firing squad of Cameron Highlanders, in Pretoria, South Africa, on 27 February 1902, 18 hours after they had been sentenced. Despite the court recommending mercy in both cases, Lord Kitchener confirmed their death sentences. Kitchener personally signed their death warrants.

Following the court also recommending mercy in his case, the sentence of a third brother officer, Lieutenant George Ramsdale Witton, was commuted to life imprisonment by Lord Kitchener. Following public pressure, Witton was released on 11 August 1904, but never pardoned.

An Australian military lawyer, Commander James William Unkles of the Royal Australian Naval Reserve, sent petitions for pardons for all three men to both Queen Elizabeth II and to the Petitions Committee of the Australian House of Representatives in 2009 but both governments declined them on the basis of insufficient evidence.

Peter Collins (New South Wales politician)

Captain Peter Edward James Collins, (born 10 May 1947) was the Leader of the Opposition in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 4 April 1995 to 8 December 1998.

Royal Australian Naval Volunteer Reserve

Royal Australian Naval Volunteer Reserve (RANVR) was a reserve force of the Royal Australian Navy. The current Royal Australian Naval Reserve was formed in June 1973, from a merger of the RANVR and the RANR (Seagoing), formed in 1921 and 1913 respectively.During World War II, most Australian coastwatchers were commissioned as officers in the RANVR. Some RANVR officers also served in the Royal Navy.

HMS Lady Shirley was a fishing trawler requisitioned by the Royal Navy in 1940 and converted for anti-submarine warfare. It went into service in January 1941 and served with the 31st Anti-Submarine Group based at Gibraltar under the command of Lieutenant Commander Arthur Henry Callaway DSO RANVR, sinking the German submarine U-111.

HMS Alisma was a Flower-class corvette of the Royal Navy officered and crewed by RANVR personnel. She was commanded by Acting Lieutenant Commander Maurice George Rose, RANVR from 2 May 1941 to 1 May 1943, succeeded by Lieutenant George Lanning, RANVR until 11 June 1945. She was part of Escort Group B7, one of seven such British naval groups which served with the Mid-Ocean Escort Force (MOEF). It provided convoy protection in the most dangerous midsection of the North Atlantic route.

Teddy Sheean

Edward "Teddy" Sheean (28 December 1923 – 1 December 1942) was a sailor in the Royal Australian Navy during the Second World War. Born in Tasmania, Sheean was employed as a farm labourer when he enlisted in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve in April 1941. Following training at HMAS Derwent and the Flinders Naval Depot, he was posted to Sydney, where he joined the newly commissioned corvette HMAS Armidale in June 1942. Sheean served aboard Armidale as she initially took part in escort duties along the eastern Australian coast and in New Guinea waters, before he transferred with the ship to Darwin in October, where Armidale was given the task of assisting Australian operations in Timor.

On 29 November 1942, Armidale set out for an operation to Betano, Timor, along with HMAS Castlemaine. The two ships were attacked by Japanese aircraft along the way, and were subsequently late in arriving at their destination, missing a planned rendezvous with HMAS Kuru. While returning to Darwin, the pair encountered Kuru south of Betano and it was decided by Castlemaine's commanding officer—as the senior officer—that Armidale and Kuru should make for Betano. The two ships took different routes to Betano, during which both vessels came under aerial assault.

During a subsequent confrontation with thirteen Japanese aircraft on 1 December, Armidale was struck by two torpedoes and a bomb, and began to sink; the order to abandon ship was given. After helping to free a life-raft, Sheean was wounded by two bullets. He made his way to the aft Oerlikon 20 mm cannon and began to fire on the Japanese aircraft to protect those in the water. Sheean managed to shoot down one of the Japanese bombers, but was killed when Armidale sank. Many of the survivors credited their lives to Sheean and he was posthumously mentioned in despatches. In 1999, the submarine HMAS Sheean was named in his honour, and efforts have been made to have Sheean awarded the Victoria Cross for Australia.

Terence Cole (jurist)

Terence Rhoderic Hudson Cole, (born 31 October 1937), is an Australian jurist, known best for presiding over two Australian Government Royal Commissions.

Tom Dadour

Gabriel Thomas "Tom" Dadour AM (19 April 1925 – 17 March 2011) was an Australian doctor and politician who was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1971 to 1986, representing the seat of Subiaco. He was a member of the Liberal Party until 1984, when he resigned to sit as an independent.

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