Roy Halladay

Harry Leroy Halladay III[1] (May 14, 1977 – November 7, 2017), known as Roy Halladay, was an American professional baseball player who pitched for the Toronto Blue Jays and Philadelphia Phillies between 1998 and 2013. His nickname, "Doc", was coined by Toronto Blue Jays announcer Tom Cheek,[2] and was a reference to Wild West gunslinger Doc Holliday.

Halladay was chosen by the Blue Jays with their first selection in the 1995 MLB draft and was the 17th overall pick. He played for the team from 1998 through 2009. After being traded to Philadelphia in 2009, Halladay pitched for the Phillies from 2010 to 2013. He was known for his ability to pitch effectively deep into games and, at the time of his retirement, was the active major league leader in complete games with 67, including 20 shutouts.[3]

On May 29, 2010, Halladay pitched the 20th perfect game in major league baseball history, beating the Florida Marlins by a score of 1–0.[4] On October 6, 2010, in his first postseason start, Halladay threw the second no-hitter in MLB postseason history (Don Larsen's perfect game in the 1956 World Series being the first) against the Cincinnati Reds in Game 1 of the 2010 NLDS.[5][6] This feat made Halladay the fifth pitcher in major league history (and the first since Nolan Ryan in 1973) to throw multiple no-hitters in the same calendar year (including the postseason). During the 2012 season, he became the 67th pitcher to record 2,000 career strikeouts. Halladay was also one of six pitchers in MLB history to win the Cy Young Award in both the American and National Leagues.

On November 7, 2017, Halladay died when his ICON A5 amphibious plane crashed into the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Florida.[7][8] The Blue Jays organization posthumously retired his number 32 on March 29, 2018. Halladay was announced as an inductee to the National Baseball Hall of Fame on January 22, 2019; he is the first posthumously-elected player since Ron Santo in 2012 and the first elected by the BBWAA since Roberto Clemente in 1973.

Roy Halladay
Roy Halladay pitches allison full
Halladay pitching for the Blue Jays in 2009
Pitcher
Born: May 14, 1977
Denver, Colorado
Died: November 7, 2017 (aged 40)
Gulf of Mexico near Holiday, Florida
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 20, 1998, for the Toronto Blue Jays
Last MLB appearance
September 23, 2013, for the Philadelphia Phillies
MLB statistics
Win–loss record203–105
Earned run average3.38
Strikeouts2,117
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Incoming Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction2019
Vote85.4% (first ballot)

Early life

Born in Denver, Colorado, Halladay grew up in the suburb of Arvada; his father, Roy II, was a pilot for a food-processing company, while his mother, Linda, was a homemaker.[9] From an early age, Halladay loved baseball, trying every position on the field until, by age 14, his success on the pitcher's mound attracted the attention of major league scouts. By the age of 13, he had begun training with Colorado baseball guru Bus Campbell, who had helped almost every promising pitcher from the Denver area, including Goose Gossage and Brad Lidge.[10]

In 1995, after graduating from Arvada West High School,[1] he was selected by the Toronto Blue Jays in the amateur draft, in the first round, as the 17th overall pick. Halladay decided to forego his college baseball commitment to Arizona and sign with Toronto.[11] He was promoted to the major-league club as a September call-up in 1998.[12]

Career

Toronto Blue Jays (1998–2009)

1998–2001

In his second career start, against the Detroit Tigers on September 27, 1998, Halladay had what would have been the third no-hitter ever pitched on the final day of a regular season broken up with two outs in the ninth. The feat would have joined the combined no-hitter by four Oakland Athletics pitchers (Vida Blue, Glenn Abbott, Paul Lindblad, and Rollie Fingers) in 1975 and Mike Witt's perfect game in 1984. The bid was broken up by pinch hitter Bobby Higginson's solo home run, the only hit allowed in a 2–1 Toronto victory, as he recorded his first major league win.[13][14] Prior to the home run, the sole base runner had reached on an infield error in the fifth inning, as Halladay struck out eight and walked none.[13]

During the 2000 season, Halladay sported a 10.64 earned run average (ERA) in 19 games, 13 of which he started, making his 2000 season the worst in history for any pitcher with at least fifty innings pitched.[15][16] At the beginning of the 2001 season, Halladay was optioned to Class A Dunedin to rebuild his delivery.

Halladay's fastball was clocked up to 95 mph (153 km/h), but it had little movement, and his pitches were up in the strike zone, which was ultimately the reason why his 2000 season was so unsuccessful. He worked with former Blue Jays pitching coach Mel Queen. The problem, Queen realized, was Halladay's total reliance on his strength—his attempt to overpower batters with straight-ahead pitches. Within two weeks, Halladay had altered his arm angle for a more deceptive delivery, and added pitches that sank and careened.[17] Instead of throwing over the top, he chose to use a three-quarters delivery (the middle point between throwing overhand and sidearm). Originally a fastball pitcher, he became reliant on keeping his pitches low across the plate, regardless of the type of pitch thrown. The adjustments proved successful. After a month and a half, he was promoted to Double-A Tennessee, and a month later, to Triple-A Syracuse. By mid-season, he was back in the Blue Jays' rotation. He posted a 5–3 win–loss record with a 3.19 ERA for the Blue Jays in 16 starts in 2001.

2002–2006

Roy Halladay pitches wp
Halladay with Toronto in 2006

In 2001, after being demoted to the minor leagues, Halladay immersed himself in the works of sports psychologist Harvey Dorfman. This exposure was at least partly responsible for resurrecting his career.[18] In 2002, Halladay had a breakout season, finishing with a 19–7 record, while posting a 2.93 ERA with 168 strikeouts in 239.1 innings. Halladay was named to the American League All-Star team.

Halladay continued his success in the 2003 season, posting a 22–7 record with a 3.25 ERA in 266 innings. He also recorded 204 strikeouts and only 32 walks, good for a 6.38 strikeout-to-walk ratio. Halladay pitched the first extra-inning shutout in the major leagues since Jack Morris in Game 7 of the 1991 World Series, leading the Blue Jays to victory over the Tigers on September 6. He pitched 10 innings and had not allowed a hit until Kevin Witt doubled with two outs in the top of the eighth.[19] Halladay won the American League Cy Young Award, while being once again named an All-Star and leading the Blue Jays to a surprising 86 victories. He was named by his peers as the Players Choice Awards AL Outstanding Pitcher. He was also named the Sporting News AL Pitcher of the Year and the Baseball Prospectus Internet Baseball Awards AL Cy Young Award winner.

In 2004, Halladay was placed on the disabled list twice due to right shoulder problems. In just 133.0 innings, he went 8–8 with a 4.20 ERA. He walked 39 batters, seven more than he had walked in 2003 when he had pitched twice as many innings. He later revealed that he had been injured throughout the entire season with a "tired throwing arm", which he believed was from intense workouts in preseason.

The 2005 season began successfully for Halladay, as he posted a 12–4 record with a 2.41 ERA in 19 starts. He was selected to his third All-Star team and was slated to be the starting pitcher for the American League at the All-Star Game in Detroit. However, on July 8, Halladay's leg was broken by a line drive off the bat of Texas Rangers left fielder Kevin Mench.[20] As a result, he was replaced in the All-Star Game by Matt Clement of the Boston Red Sox, while Mark Buehrle of the Chicago White Sox was named the starting pitcher for the American League. Despite rehabilitation of his leg, Halladay would sit out the remainder of the season.

On March 16, 2006, Halladay signed a $40 million three-year contract extension through 2010.[20] During that year, Halladay finished near the top of the MLB in wins with 16. He was named to the American League All-Star Team as a reserve on July 3, along with four of his Blue Jays teammates. It marked the second-most appearances in club history, and Halladay's fourth as an All-Star. Although Halladay's strikeout total was lower in 2006 than in previous seasons, his ground ball/fly ball ratio, complete games, and innings pitched were all among the American League leaders.

2007–2009

Halladay was the American League pitcher of the month in April 2007, going 4–0, highlighted by a 10-inning complete game win over the Detroit Tigers. However, he pitched poorly in his two starts in May, and on May 11 was placed on the disabled list and underwent an appendectomy. He returned to the rotation in his usual form on May 31 against the Chicago White Sox. Halladay went 7 innings, giving up just six hits and allowing no runs on his way to his 100th career win. 2007 also saw Halladay hit his first career RBI. Against the Los Angeles Dodgers on June 10, his ground ball single to center field allowed John McDonald to score. He shut out the Seattle Mariners on July 22, allowing only three hits.

In 2008, for the sixth consecutive year, Halladay was Toronto's opening-day starter, improving his own club record.[21] He lost 3–2 in a pitcher's duel with New York's Chien-Ming Wang. His first win of the season came in his next start against Boston, when he outpitched Josh Beckett in his season debut.

In his third start, Halladay pitched a complete game against the Texas Rangers, in a 4–1 win. Three of his nine complete game efforts resulted in losses due to Toronto's underachieving offense early in the season. In fact, those three complete game losses came in three consecutive starts. On June 20 against the Pittsburgh Pirates, he was struck in the temple by a line-drive off the bat of Nyjer Morgan. The ball caromed off Halladay's head and was caught by third baseman Scott Rolen, ending the inning. Halladay was able to walk back to the dugout, but was taken out of the game for safety concerns. Although he was given a clean bill of health for his next start, it was later suggested by television commentators that Halladay may have in fact suffered a temporary lapse in recognition of what happened on the play. Halladay pitched his 10th career shutout against the Seattle Mariners on June 30. He limited them to four hits in his sixth complete game of the season. The shutout tied him with the Cardinals' Mark Mulder for 10th among active pitchers. On July 11, 2008, Halladay pitched his 7th complete game and second shutout of the season against the New York Yankees, allowing 0 runs on 2 hits for his 38th career complete game. Halladay was named to the American League All-Star Team as a reserve. He pitched in the fourth inning, yielding only one hit and striking out Lance Berkman. In his last start of the season, he fittingly pitched a complete game against the Yankees to win his 20th game of the year. In so doing, he became the first pitcher to win five games against the Yankees in a single season since Luis Tiant in 1974. In addition, he led the AL with a 1.05 WHIP. Halladay finished second in the American League Cy Young Award voting, behind Cliff Lee of Cleveland.[22] He also led the AL with 9 complete games, and struck out a career-high 206 batters (two more than his 2003 season) as well as posting a 2.78 ERA (the second-best of his career) that was second only to Cliff Lee's 2.54 ERA. Halladay also became just the fourth pitcher in major league history to post two seasons of 200 strikeouts and fewer than 40 walks. He was presented the George Gross/Toronto Sun Sportsperson of the Year award.[23]

On April 6, 2009, Halladay made his team-record seventh straight Opening Day start for Toronto, defeating the Detroit Tigers. Halladay then also won his next two starts, on the road against Cleveland and Minnesota. Halladay lost his next game to Texas, giving up 5 earned runs over 8 innings only to go on and win his next 6 games to bring his record up to 8–1 with a 2.75 ERA. With season-ending injuries to planned 2009 Jays' starters Dustin McGowan and Shawn Marcum, and with #2 starter Jesse Litsch on the disabled list early in the season, Halladay led a staff of young, mostly inexperienced starters. Halladay was named the AL Player of the Week for the period ending May 17. Doc was 2–0 with a 1.13 ERA over 16.0 innings in his two starts the week prior.[24] In a game against the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim on June 2, Halladay struck out 14 batters and threw 133 pitches, both career highs.[25] On June 12, he left the game early because of a strained hip adductor muscle, commonly referred to as a pulled groin, and was placed on the 15-day disabled list on June 17. On July 5, he was selected to represent Toronto at the All-Star Game. On July 14, he started the All-Star Game for the American League, pitching 2 innings and giving up 3 runs, of which 1 was unearned. That year, he was named #7 on the Sporting News's list of the 50 greatest current players in baseball. A panel of 100 baseball people, many of them members of the Baseball Hall of Fame and winners of major baseball awards, was polled to arrive at the list.[26]

As of the conclusion of his start on September 20, 2009, Halladay was tied for the second-longest streak in the American League that season with a 24-inning scoreless streak.[27] Halladay finished the season with a 17–10 record,[28] giving him a career win percentage of .660, good enough for 18th all-time.[29] In December, Sports Illustrated named Halladay as one of the five pitchers in the starting rotation of its MLB All-Decade Team.[30]

Philadelphia Phillies (2010–2013)

On December 15, 2009, the Blue Jays traded Halladay to the Philadelphia Phillies for minor league prospects Travis d'Arnaud, Kyle Drabek, and Michael Taylor.[31] He agreed to a contract extension worth US$60 million that included a US$20 million vesting option for a fourth season.[27] Phillies general manager Ruben Amaro, Jr. had unsuccessfully attempted to get Halladay at the non-waiver trade deadline in July 2009, then traded for Cliff Lee instead. Three hours before Halladay signed the contract extension, Amaro traded away Lee, to the surprise of Halladay who thought that Lee would be his teammate.[32][33]

2010

Roy Halladay, May 30, 2011
Halladay pitching for the Phillies

On Opening Day, Halladay pitched seven innings while giving up a run against the Washington Nationals in his first game with the Phillies. He had nine strikeouts and allowed six hits. He also drove in his second career RBI and earned his first win of the season. He followed this start with a complete game on April 11 against the Houston Astros, giving up one unearned run while striking out eight and not giving up any walks in the Phillies' 2–1 victory.

Halladay pitched his first shutout in the National League, against the Atlanta Braves on April 21, becoming the first pitcher to reach four wins in the 2010 season. On May 1, Halladay pitched his second shutout of the season, limiting the New York Mets to three hits and striking out six.

On September 21, Halladay became the first Phillies pitcher to win 20 games in a season since Steve Carlton accomplished it in 1982. He was the first right-handed Phillies pitcher to accomplish the feat since Robin Roberts in 1955.[34] One week later, on September 27, he completed his 21st victory, helping the Phillies clinch their fourth consecutive National League East title, and the Phillies finished with the best regular season record in MLB.

Halladay made his first postseason start in Game One of the National League Division Series, as the Phillies squared off against the Cincinnati Reds. Halladay threw a no-hitter, giving up only one walk (to Jay Bruce in the fifth inning) in a 4–0 victory where he threw 104 pitches. Halladay's was only the second postseason no-hitter in Major League Baseball history, and the first since Don Larsen's perfect game in the 1956 World Series.[35] Halladay become the first pitcher in Major League history to throw a perfect game and another no-hitter in the same calendar year (including the postseason).

The Phillies swept the Reds in three games to advance to their third consecutive National League Championship Series, where they faced the San Francisco Giants. Halladay started Games One and Five, which were one of the most touted postseason pitching matchups in recent history as he faced another former Cy Young winner in both games, Tim Lincecum. Halladay lost Game One 4–3 and won Game Five 4–2, as the Phillies were eliminated in six games by the Giants, who went on to win the World Series.[36]

Halladay was named by his peers as the Players Choice Awards NL Outstanding Pitcher. He was also unanimously chosen as the recipient of the 2010 National League Cy Young Award, becoming the first Phillie to win the award since Steve Bedrosian in 1987 and only the fifth pitcher in MLB history to win the award in both leagues, joining Gaylord Perry, Pedro Martínez, Randy Johnson and Roger Clemens. He was likewise selected as the Sporting News NL Pitcher of the Year, the USA Today NL Cy Young, the Baseball Prospectus Internet Baseball Awards NL Cy Young,[37] and the winner of the NLBM Wilbur "Bullet" Rogan Legacy Award (NL Pitcher of the Year). He also was named the MLB "This Year in Baseball Awards" Starting Pitcher of the Year.[38] Baseball Digest named him its Pitcher of the Year (including both leagues). Baseball America named him its Major League Player of the Year (including all positions in both leagues).[39] MLB named him its "MLB Clutch Performer of the Year".[40] He was given the Heart & Hustle Award by the Major League Baseball Players Alumni Association. He was also named Pro Athlete of the Year by both the Sporting News[41] and the Philadelphia Sports Writers Association[42][43][44][45] and Sportsperson of the Year by the Philadelphia Daily News. The Philadelphia chapter of the Baseball Writers' Association of America presented him the "Steve Carlton Most Valuable Pitcher" and "Dallas Green Special Achievement" awards.

In ​250 23 innings pitched, Halladay finished the 2010 regular season with a 21–10 record and a 2.44 ERA, setting a career high with 219 strikeouts while issuing just 30 walks. He led the National league in wins, innings pitched, and complete games (9), including 4 shutouts. He became just the seventh pitcher in the history of Major League baseball to pitch 250 or more innings with 30 or fewer walks, the first pitcher to do so since Grover Cleveland Alexander in 1923 with the Chicago Cubs.[46]

On May 29, 2010, Halladay pitched the 20th perfect game in MLB history, against the Florida Marlins in Miami, retiring all 27 batters and striking out 11, allowing no hits, runs, walks, or errors.[47] This was the first time in the modern era that two pitchers (Dallas Braden of the Oakland A's and Halladay) had thrown perfect games in the same month and that multiple perfect games had been achieved in the same season. When Halladay's former manager, Cito Gaston, called to congratulate him, Halladay was unable to take the call because he was busy with the post-game media frenzy.[48]

On August 24, 2010, to commemorate his perfect game, Halladay presented around 60 Swiss-made Baume and Mercier watches he had purchased to everyone in the clubhouse. The watches were presented in brown boxes that bore the inscription: "We did it together. Thanks, Roy Halladay." Additionally, the back of each watch was engraved with the date of the game, the line score, and the individual recipient's name.[49]

Roy Halladay and Don Larsen
Roy Halladay and Don Larsen, the only two pitchers to throw postseason no-hitters in MLB history

On October 6, 2010, in his first postseason appearance, Halladay pitched a no-hitter (his second of the season), against the Cincinnati Reds in the first game of the National League Division Series (NLDS).

He became the second player ever to pitch a no-hitter in the postseason, joining Don Larsen of the 1956 New York Yankees, who pitched a perfect game in the World Series. He also became the first pitcher since Nolan Ryan in 1973 to throw two no-hitters in a season, as well as the seventh pitcher to hurl both a perfect game and a regular no-hitter in his career, joining Cy Young, Addie Joss, Jim Bunning, Sandy Koufax, Randy Johnson, and Mark Buehrle. Halladay allowed just one walk to right fielder Jay Bruce with two outs in the fifth inning, and faced just one batter above the minimum 27.[50]

This also marked the first time in Major League history that a pitcher threw a perfect game and another no-hitter in the same calendar year (including the postseason). The fans voted his no-hitter as the "This Year in Baseball Awards" Postseason Moment of the Year.[51]

2011

D7K 4966 Roy Halladay
Halladay delivers a pitch in 2011

For the 2011 season, Halladay was joined by Cliff Lee, who before the 2010 season had been traded away from the Phillies shortly before Halladay joined. The resulting starting pitching lineup of Halladay, Lee, Cole Hamels, Roy Oswalt and Joe Blanton had commentators dub it one of the best rotations ever assembled.[52][53][54][55] Halladay, Oswalt, Lee, and Hamels were dubbed the 'Phantastic Phour' by fans and the media.[54]

On April 24, 2011, Halladay struck out 14 and allowed just 5 hits in the game as his team swept the San Diego Padres in all four games. Halladay took a two-hitter into the ninth before allowing three straight singles. He allowed just one run and won, 3–1.[56]

D7K 4969 Roy Halladay
Halladay in 2011

In May, Halladay was named the 2011 winner of the John Wanamaker Athletic Award,[57] by the Philadelphia Sports Congress, based on his 2010 season.[58][59][60][61][62][63] In June, Halladay was presented the Best Major League Baseball Player ESPY Award, for his performance since June 2010.

On July 12, Halladay was the NL starting pitcher in the All-Star Game. Halladay went 19–6 in 2011, with a 2.35 ERA, and pitched 8 complete games, second most in the Majors. The Phillies won their fifth consecutive National League East championship, and also finished with the best record in baseball for the second straight year.

Halladay was named the starter for Games One and Five during the National League Division Series against the St. Louis Cardinals. He won Game One 11–6, but lost the Game Five 1–0, which was a duel with former Blue Jays teammate Chris Carpenter. This loss eliminated the Phillies from the playoffs, a disappointment as they were touted as heavy favorites for the World Series,[64] and it would turn out to be Halladay's final postseason appearance. Reflecting on that series at his retirement, Halladay said "I think the one thing I took away from that is you can have the best team on paper, you can have the guys who want it the most. But when the squirrel runs across home plate while your team is trying to pitch, there is nothing you can do about that."[65][66]

Halladay finished second in the NL Cy Young voting to Clayton Kershaw of the Los Angeles Dodgers.[67] He was selected as one of the three starting pitchers on the MLB Insiders Club Magazine All-Postseason Team.[68]

In December, Halladay was named the Sportsperson of the Year by the Philadelphia Daily News for the second consecutive year.[69]

2012

On April 5, 2012, Halladay threw 8 innings of shutout ball against the Pittsburgh Pirates on Opening Day, giving up 2 hits while striking out 5.[70]

On May 29, Halladay was placed on the 15-day disabled list with a shoulder strain. It was his first DL stint since 2009.[71] In a press conference on June 6, Halladay stated, "Ultimately, my goal is to finish my career with the Phillies and win a World Series here. Some of those things are not fully in my control, but my intent is to play here and finish my career here and be here as long as I can." Halladay stated this during his press conference about his shoulder injury, and he revealed that he would sit out three more weeks, and then re-evaluate his condition.[72] The injury would eventually be diagnosed as a strained latissimus dorsi and Halladay was hopeful he would be able to return shortly after the All-Star break in July.[73]

On July 17, Halladay came off the DL and was the starting pitcher against the Los Angeles Dodgers.[74] He pitched 5 innings, giving up 5 hits and 2 earned runs while fanning 6 in a no-decision which the Phillies would go on to win, 3–2.[75]

In a loss against the Atlanta Braves on July 29, Halladay recorded his 2,000th strikeout to become the 67th pitcher in MLB history to reach the milestone.[76]

Although Halladay was on the DL and had the worst ERA since first starting off his career, he still remained above .500 going 11–8.[77]

2013

After struggling in spring training,[78] Halladay gave up five runs in his first start in the Phillies second game on April 3, 2013, striking out nine in 3​13 innings pitched.[79] After struggling in his prior starts, Halladay pitched eight innings allowing just one run on April 14, 2013, against the Miami Marlins whom the Phillies defeated 2–1. Halladay recorded his 200th career win in the game.[80]

On May 5, Halladay gave up nine earned runs in just 2​13 innings. The next day, Halladay was placed on the disabled list with a right shoulder injury. On May 8, it was announced that he would have surgery on his shoulder to have a bone spur removed. The surgery was also to address fraying of his labrum, and rotator cuff.[81] Though he was initially supposed to be making a rehab start in Double-A for the Reading Fightin' Phils that day, an 18-inning game the previous night caused the Phillies to have a shortage of pitchers and as such, Halladay returned to the major leagues on August 25 for a start against the Arizona Diamondbacks in which he threw six innings, allowing two runs on four hits with two walks and two strikeouts.[82]

Retirement

BlueJays 32 retired
Roy Halladay's number 32 was retired by the Toronto Blue Jays in 2018.

On December 9, 2013, Halladay signed a ceremonial one-day contract with the Blue Jays and announced his retirement from baseball due to injury.[65][66] At his press conference, Halladay listed a persistent back injury, as well as wanting to be more involved with his family, as his reasons for retiring.

Although retired as a player, Halladay continued to be a part of the game as a guest instructor for the Philadelphia Phillies and Toronto Blue Jays.[83][84] The Phillies hired Halladay as a "mental skills coach" in March 2017.[18] Halladay also volunteered as a baseball coach at Calvary Christian High School in Clearwater, Florida where his oldest son played baseball.[85]

Halladay was elected to the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 2017 and the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum on January 22, 2019[86] in his first year of eligibility, garnering 85.4% of the vote. His wife and sons announced that they did not choose a logo for his cap, which leaves Roberto Alomar as the sole Cooperstown inductee as a Blue Jay.[87][88][89] However, Halladay had said that, if given the choice, he would be inducted as a Blue Jay.[90]

Approach to pitching

Roy Halladay 2009 (2)
Halladay in 2009, showing his characteristic sinker grip

Halladay's distinctiveness was characterized by his ability to throw a hard two-seam sinking fastball ranging in the low 90s with pinpoint control. In addition, he threw a four-seam fastball in the low 90s, a curveball in the high 70s, and cut fastball from 90–92 mph for which he had modified his grip in 2007 at the suggestion of former catcher Sal Fasano.[91] Halladay threw the hardest cutter among MLB starters in the 2011 season, at an average of 91.4 mph.[92] The changeup was one pitch that Halladay had problems commanding for many years, and which he used very rarely. However, after joining the Phillies in 2010, Halladay started throwing a changeup that was a variation of the split-finger fastball (called a split-changeup). The pitch was introduced to Halladay by pitching coach Rich Dubee.[93]

Despite his reputation as a ground ball pitcher who worked at an efficient pace, Halladay's strikeout totals increased steadily in the few final years of his career. Halladay's efficiency and durability were reflected in his total innings pitched every year, also due to his ability to strike out hitters and induce ground ball outs to escape jams. He often led the league in innings pitched and complete games, while ranking among the leaders in WHIP and ERA.

Prior to and during each start, Halladay had a distinct trademark in which he went into a complete "isolation mode," immersing himself in complete concentration in order to plan every pitch he would pitch while on the mound. During this time, he would not talk to anyone except the manager or the pitching coach. He would not even reply to a "hello" or wave from a teammate or spectator, nor talk to the media until he had been relieved or had completed the game.[94]

Personal life

Halladay had two children, Braden and Ryan,[9] with his wife, Brandy (née Gates). During the offseason, Halladay lived with his family in Tarpon Springs, Florida.[23][95] Halladay's oldest son, Braden, committed to play baseball at Penn State shortly after Halladay's death.[85] Braden, who was born in Toronto, was invited to Baseball Canada's U18 spring training camp on March 6, 2018, and pitched a scoreless inning in the Canadian Junior team's exhibition game against the Blue Jays on March 17.[96][97] In the 2019 Major League Baseball draft, as a tribute to Halladay, Braden was selected by the Blue Jays in the 32nd round.[98]

While he was a member of the Toronto Blue Jays, Halladay and his wife invited children and their families from the Hospital for Sick Children into "Doc's Box" at Rogers Centre during Blue Jays games. The remodeling of the suite to be more kid-friendly was documented in an episode of Divine Design. As part of Halladay's contract with the Blue Jays, he also donated $100,000 each year to the Jays Care Foundation.[99][100]

Halladay was the Blue Jays' nominee numerous times for the Roberto Clemente Award for his work with underprivileged children.[101] For the same reason, he was also the Blue Jays' nominee in 2008 for the Players Choice Awards Marvin Miller Man of the Year Award.[102]

Halladay was the cover athlete for Major League Baseball 2K11.[103]

Death

On November 7, 2017, Halladay died when the ICON A5 Founders Edition amphibious aircraft he was piloting crashed into the Gulf of Mexico.[104][105] The Pasco Sheriff's Office confirmed that Halladay was the only occupant of the aircraft at the time of the crash and that air traffic controllers had not received any mayday distress signals from the plane before the crash. The crash was reported to have happened about 0.25 mi (0.40 km) off the coast of New Port Richey, Florida[104] in water 6 feet (1.83 m) deep.

The Pasco County, Florida Sheriff's Office Marine Unit responded to the accident after a call at noon, reporting that a sport plane had crashed upside-down into shallow water. The plane was reported to be Halladay's, and he had tweeted four weeks earlier about his excitement about acquiring the plane, which was reportedly registered in the name of Halladay's father, a retired commercial pilot.[106][107]

In late 2017, the Phillies announced that use of uniform number 34 would be suspended for the 2018 season to honor Halladay.[108] On February 12, 2018 the Toronto Blue Jays announced they would retire Halladay's number 32 on Opening Day of the 2018 season.[109]

On January 19, 2018, following the release of an autopsy report by the Pinellas-Pasco Medical Examiner’s Office, USA Today wrote that Halladay "had high concentrations of morphine and amphetamine along with the presence of an antidepressant, the sleeping aid Zolpidem (sold under brand name Ambien) and trace amounts of alcohol in his blood." According to forensic pathologist Burr Hartman, "He had a drug combination similar to a speedball. He was impaired by these drugs. It was definitely not safe for him to fly an airplane."[110]

On March 2, 2019, Phillies free agent acquisition Bryce Harper, who wore uniform number 34 from his debut with the Washington Nationals in 2012, announced that he would not wear the number 34 as a member of the Phillies, stating that "Roy Halladay should be the last one to wear it" for the Phillies. Harper chose to wear number 3 instead.[111]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Roy Halladay Biography". MLB. Toronto Blue Jays. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
  2. ^ Griffin, Richard (March 29, 2013). "Roy Halladay, Blue Jays go separate ways: Griffin". thestar.com. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  3. ^ "Sortable Player Stats". Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  4. ^ Kepner, Tyler (May 29, 2010). "This Time, It's Halladay Who's Perfect". The New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
  5. ^ "Cincinnati Reds vs. Philadelphia Phillies – Recap". ESPN. October 6, 2010. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
  6. ^ His game jersey was donated to the Baseball Hall of Fame.Brookover, Bob (October 8, 2010). "Inside the Phillies: On day after, Doc sticks to routine". Philly.com. Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  7. ^ "Blue Jays great Roy Halladay killed in small plane crash". CBC News. November 7, 2017. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  8. ^ "Ex-MLB star Halladay, 40, dies in plane crash". Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  9. ^ a b Saunders, Patrick (November 8, 2017). "Former players, coaches remember Roy Halladay for work ethic, character". The Denver Post. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  10. ^ Hagen, Dan (December 26, 2009). "More More than an ace on the hill". Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  11. ^ Devlin, Neil H. (June 2, 1995). "Blue Jays declare Roy Halladay, Arvada West pitcher, is No. 1 in Toronto". The Denver Post. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  12. ^ "Arm Force: Roy Halladay - Toronto Life". www.mattbeam.com. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Rookie one out from history". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 28, 1998. p. C2.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Sheehan, Joe (May 30, 2010). "Roy Halladay was perfect, but he has pitched better games". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved October 1, 2010.
  16. ^ Zolecki, Todd (September 6, 2013). "Sent to 'pen, Martin gets encouragement from Doc". phillies.com: News. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  17. ^ "Innings-eater Halladay gives Jays bullpen holiday - USATODAY.com". www.usatoday.com. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  18. ^ a b Breen, Matt (December 10, 2017). "Roy Halladay spent his final months teaching future Phillies". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  19. ^ "Blue Jays pitcher took no-hitter into eighth". ESPN.com. Associated Press. September 6, 2003. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
  20. ^ a b "Halladay agrees to extension through 2010". ESPN.com. Associated Press. March 16, 2006. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  21. ^ "Roy Halladay - Toronto - Major League Baseball - Yahoo! Sports". Yahoo Sports. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  22. ^ "Lee is second consecutive Cleveland pitcher to win Cy Young Award". ESPN.com. Associated Press. November 13, 2008.
  23. ^ a b Elliott, Bob (December 14, 2008). "Doc delivers as role model: Our Sportsperson of the Year a champion on and off the pitching mound". Toronto Sun. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
  24. ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/news/press_releases/press_release.jspymd=20090518&content_id=4800688&vkey=pr_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb
  25. ^ Gilbert, Erika (June 2, 2009). "With 14 K's, Halladay first to nine wins". MLB.com. Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. Retrieved June 3, 2009.
  26. ^ Wolfey, Bob (May 20, 2009). "Braun makes greatest list". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel.
  27. ^ a b "Phillies acquire Halladay". MLB.com. December 16, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  28. ^ "2009 Toronto Blue Jays Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  29. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Win-Loss %". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  30. ^ Posnanski, Joe (December 9, 2009). "Pujols, Jeter lead MLB All-Decade team". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  31. ^ Mayo, Jonathan & Winston, Lisa (December 16, 2009). "Seven prospects involved in blockbuster". MLB.com. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  32. ^ "Pitchers have captured Philadelphia's attention".
  33. ^ "Chooch goes from blessing to curse for the Phillies".
  34. ^ Housenick, Mandy (September 22, 2010). "Halladay wins 20th". The Allentown Morning Call.
  35. ^ Zolecki, Todd (October 6, 2010). "Doctober! No-no for Halladay in playoff debut". MLB.com. Archived from the original on October 9, 2010. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
  36. ^ "2010 NLCS - San Francisco Giants over Philadelphia Phillies (4-2)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  37. ^ Spira, Greg (November 9, 2010). "Internet Baseball Awards: National League". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
  38. ^ In the double row of awards (above the random baseball cards), click on "Starter" for video. 2010 This Year in Baseball Awards. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
  39. ^ Baseball America does not have a Pitcher of the Year award. Stark, Jayson (October 27, 2010). "Major League Player Of The Year: Roy Halladay". Baseball America Inc. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  40. ^ Zolecki, Todd (October 27, 2010). "Halladay voted Clutch Performer of the Year". MLB.com. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 2010 MLB Clutch Performer of the Year, mlb.mlb.com; retrieved January 3, 2011.
    The MLB Clutch Performer of the Year Award was first awarded in 2007. 2007 Awards. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved 2011-01-03.
  41. ^ Greenberg, Steve (December 15, 2010). "2010 SN Pro Athlete of the Year: Roy Halladay". Sporting News. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  42. ^ Phils’ Halladay Earns PSWA ‘Pro Athlete of the Year’ Award. PSWA Dinner website. Retrieved December 16, 2010.
  43. ^ "Phillies pitcher Roy Halladay named Pro Athlete of the Year by Philadelphia Sports Writers Association". Philadelphia Phillies. December 10, 2010. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
  44. ^ "Halladay leads Philadelphia Sports Writers Association's honorees". philly.com. Philadelphia Media Network. February 1, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  45. ^ Murphy, David (February 1, 2011). "Phillies ace Halladay picks up another award, focuses on healthy season". philly.com. Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  46. ^ Zolecki, Todd (November 16, 2010). "Halladay unanimous NL Cy Young winner: Phillies ace, perfect-game artist fifth to win award in each league". MLB.com. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
  47. ^ Gonzalez, Alden (May 29, 2010). "Phils' Halladay throws MLB's 20th perfecto". MLB.com. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
  48. ^ Campbell, Morgan (May 31, 2010). "Roy Halladay's former Blue Jay mates thoroughly impressed". The Toronto Star.
  49. ^ Gelb, Matt (August 25, 2010). "A perfect gift". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  50. ^ "Roy Halladay throws second no-hitter in postseason history". ESPN.com. October 6, 2010.
  51. ^ When you go to 2010 This Year in Baseball Awards and click on "Postseason Moment", it takes you to an unrelated page. The Postseason Moment awardee is mentioned at: Newman, Mark (December 17, 2010). "Giants star in This Year in Baseball Awards: Hamilton, Doc among those feted in awards season finale". MLB.com. Retrieved September 7, 2011. Halladay, who pitched the second postseason no-hitter ever against the Reds in Game 1 of the National League Division Series, saw his gem cited as the easy choice for Postseason Moment.
  52. ^ Divish, Ryan (March 28, 2011). "Cole Hamels, Roy Oswalt, Roy Halladay, Joe Blanton, Cliff Lee". The News Tribune. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  53. ^ Corcoran, Cliff (September 21, 2011). "Phillies' much-hyped rotation even better than expected". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  54. ^ a b "Phillies' "Phantastic Phour" rotation arrives". WTSP. February 14, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  55. ^ Stark, Jayson (December 14, 2010). "Measuring Phillies' rotation historically". ESPN. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  56. ^ "Yahoo Sports - Sports News, Scores, Fantasy Games". Yahoo Sports. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  57. ^ "And The Winners Were ... See all the John Wanamaker Athletic Award-recipients since 1961". PhiladelphiaSportsCongress.org. Philadelphia Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  58. ^ "Halladay wins 2011 Wanamaker Award" (video). Philly.com. Philadelphia Media Network. June 29, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  59. ^ "Halladay takes his place among Philly's finest". Philly.com. Philadelphia Media Network. June 29, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
  60. ^ "Phillies Ace Honored With John Wanamaker Athletic Award". CBSPhilly.com. CBS Local Media. June 28, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
  61. ^ "Halladay Honored with 2011 Wanamaker Athletic Award; Eagles Youth Partnership and Francisville A's Volunteer Coaches also recognized". philadelphiausa.travel. Philadelphia Convention & Visitors Bureau. June 28, 2011. Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
  62. ^ "Mayor Honors Award Recipients at Wanamaker Ceremony". PhiladelphiaSportsCongress.org. Philadelphia Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
  63. ^ "Halladay wins Wanamaker Award". Philly.com. Philadelphia Media Network. May 17, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  64. ^ Leach, Matthew (October 7, 2011). "Carpenter's gem sends Cardinals into NLCS: Game 1 against Brewers on Sunday in Milwaukee". MLB.com.
  65. ^ a b Berg, Ted (December 9, 2013). "Two-time Cy Young Award winner Roy Halladay retires". USA Today. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  66. ^ a b "Roy Halladay retires with Blue Jays". December 9, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  67. ^ Jackson, Tony (November 18, 2011). "Clayton Kershaw wins NL Cy Young". ESPN. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
  68. ^ Boye, Paul (December 2011). "All-Postseason Team. MLB Insiders Club Magazine". 5 (1). North American Media Group, Inc.: 30–31. ISSN 1941-5060. MLB Insiders Club Magazine selected its first All-Postseason Team in 2008.
  69. ^ Donnellon, Sam (December 25, 2011). "City of Roy: Halladay named 2011 Sportsperson of the Year". BleacherReport.com. Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
  70. ^ Zolecki, Todd (April 5, 2012). "Doc dominates as Phillies shut out Pirates". MLB.com.
  71. ^ Cassavell, A.J. (May 29, 2012). "Shoulder strain sends Halladay to disabled list". MLB.com.
  72. ^ "Halladay's future as a Phillie and injury". Archived from the original on June 13, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  73. ^ De Nicola, Christina (July 1, 2012). "Doc eyes return after break, but taking it day to day". MLB.com. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  74. ^ "Phillies to activate Halladay for Tuesday's start". Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  75. ^ Zolecki, Todd (July 18, 2012). "In Doc's return, Phils rely on Pence's clutch hit". MLB.com. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
  76. ^ Zolecki, Todd (July 29, 2012). "Halladay reaches milestone with 2,000th strikeout". MLB.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
  77. ^ "Roy Halladay 2012 Pitching Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  78. ^ Berg, Ted (March 28, 2013). "Halladay's struggles continue in final spring start". USA Today. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  79. ^ Murphy, David (April 3, 2013). "Roy Halladay does not look like Roy Halladay". High Cheese – Philly.com Blog. Interstate General Media. Archived from the original on April 6, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  80. ^ "Halladay gets 200th win as Nix homers in 9th to help Phillies beat Marlins". delcotimes.com. Journal Register. April 14, 2013. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
  81. ^ Meisel, Zack (May 8, 2013). "Doc set for surgery, hopeful for 2013 return". MLB.com. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  82. ^ Iseman, Chris (August 26, 2013). "No issues for Halladay day after making return". phillies.com: News. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  83. ^ "Halladay to work as Phillies guest instructor". Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  84. ^ "Roy Halladay says back injury, desire for family life prompted him to sign one-day deal and retire with Toronto Blue Jays". National Post. December 9, 2013. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
  85. ^ a b Pianovich, Stephen (December 9, 2017). "Roy Halladay's son, Braden, commits to Penn State baseball". Land of 10. Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  86. ^ Schoenfield, David (January 22, 2019). "Mariano Rivera, Edgar Martinez, Roy Halladay and Mike Mussina joining Hall of Fame". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  87. ^ Roy Halladay won’t represent the Blue Jays — or the Phillies — in Hall of Fame
  88. ^ No hat logo for Halladay's Hall plaque; Mussina uncertain
  89. ^ Roy Halladay's Hall of Fame plaque won't have a team's logo on hat
  90. ^ Ravjiani, Alykhan Khamisa (August 14, 2016). "If the opportunity presents itself, Roy Halladay would want to enter the Hall of Fame with the #BlueJays hat on.pic.twitter.com/hnzKJd4D6C". @alykhankr. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  91. ^ inc., Canoe. "Fasano helped Marcum focus". Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  92. ^ "PitchFX Leaderboards". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
  93. ^ "Even Halladay finds a new pitch to use". Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  94. ^ Verducci, Tom (April 5, 2010). "What Makes Roy Run". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
  95. ^ "Roy Halladay's wife Brandy Halladay". FabWags.com. July 7, 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
  96. ^ "Braden Halladay, son of former Jays great Roy, invited to Canada's U18 spring camp". CBC.ca. March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  97. ^ Nicholson-Smith, Ben (March 17, 2018). "Roy's impact felt as Braden Halladay makes emotional debut for Canada". Sportsnet. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  98. ^ "Blue Jays select Roy Halladay's son, Braden, in MLB Draft". Sportsnet. June 5, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  99. ^ "Toronto Blue Jays". ESPN. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  100. ^ "Halladay's step up to the plate to help others". June 14, 2008. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  101. ^ Jordan Bastian (September 6, 2006). "Halladay proud to be Clemente nominee". Toronto Blue Jays official site. Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2009.
  102. ^ "Six players selected by fans as finalists for 2008 Marvin Miller Man of the Year Award". Major League Baseball Players Association official site. September 16, 2008. Retrieved May 16, 2009.
  103. ^ "Major League Baseball 2K11 Announces Roy Halladay as Cover Athlete". Dreamstation CC. November 15, 2010.
  104. ^ a b "Former MLB pitcher Roy Halladay killed in Gulf of Mexico plane crash". WTSP.com. November 7, 2017. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  105. ^ Nicholson-Smith, Ben (November 7, 2017). "Former Blue Jays pitcher Roy Halladay dead in plane crash". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  106. ^ "Roy Halladay dies in plane crash". USA Today. November 7, 2017. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  107. ^ "Former MLB pitcher Roy Halladay dies in plane crash". MLB.com. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  108. ^ "Phillies won't wear Halladay's No. 34 in 2018". MLB.com. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
  109. ^ "Toronto Blue Jays to retire Roy Halladay's No. 32 - Sportsnet.ca". Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  110. ^ Perez, A.J. (January 20, 2018). "Experts: Roy Halladay likely impaired at time of fatal plane crash | USA Today". USA Today. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  111. ^ Gleeson, Scott (March 2, 2019). "The reason Bryce Harper will wear No. 3 with Philadelphia Phillies". USA Today. Retrieved March 8, 2019.

External links

2013 Philadelphia Phillies season

The Philadelphia Phillies 2013 season was the 131st season in the history of the franchise. The Phillies played their first game of the season against the Atlanta Braves on April 1.

2019 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the National Baseball Hall of Fame for 2019 proceeded according to rules most recently amended in 2016. As in the past, the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from a ballot of recently retired players. The results were announced on January 22, 2019, with the BBWAA electing Mariano Rivera, Roy Halladay, Edgar Martínez and Mike Mussina to the Hall of Fame. Rivera and Halladay were elected in their first year of eligibility, while Martínez was elected in his last year of eligibility. Rivera became the first player to be unanimously elected, appearing on all 425 ballots; he broke Ken Griffey Jr.'s record of 99.32 percent (437 out of 440), set in 2016.The Today's Game Era Committee, one of four voting panels that since 2016 have taken over the role of the more broadly defined Veterans Committee, convened on December 9, 2018 to select from a ballot of retired players and non-playing personnel who made their greatest contributions to the sport after 1987, with Harold Baines and Lee Smith elected by this body. The formal induction ceremony will be held at the Hall's facilities in Cooperstown, New York on July 21, 2019.

Cy Young Award

The Cy Young Award is given annually to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB), one each for the American League (AL) and National League (NL). The award was first introduced in 1956 by Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955. The award was originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, but in 1967, after the retirement of Frick, the award was given to one pitcher in each league.Each league's award is voted on by members of the Baseball Writers' Association of America, with one representative from each team. As of the 2010 season, each voter places a vote for first, second, third, fourth and fifth place among the pitchers of each league. The formula used to calculate the final scores is a weighted sum of the votes. The pitcher with the highest score in each league wins the award. If two pitchers receive the same number of votes, the award is shared. The current formula started in the 2010 season. Before that, dating back to 1970, writers voted for three pitchers, with the formula of 5 points for a first place vote, 3 for a second place vote and 1 for a third place vote. Prior to 1970, writers only voted for the best pitcher and used a formula of one point per vote.

Don Larsen's perfect game

On October 8, 1956, in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series, Don Larsen of the New York Yankees threw a perfect game against the Brooklyn Dodgers. Larsen's perfect game is the only perfect game in the history of the World Series; it was the first perfect game thrown in 34 years and is one of only 23 perfect games in MLB history. His perfect game remained the only no-hitter of any type ever pitched in postseason play until Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Roy Halladay threw a no-hitter against the Cincinnati Reds on October 6, 2010, in Game 1 of the National League Division Series, and the only postseason game in which any team faced the minimum 27 batters until Kyle Hendricks and Aroldis Chapman of the Chicago Cubs managed to combine for the feat in the decisive sixth game of the 2016 National League Championship Series.

Jim Bunning's perfect game

On June 21, 1964, Jim Bunning of the Philadelphia Phillies pitched the seventh perfect game in Major League Baseball history, defeating the New York Mets 6-0 in the first game of a doubleheader at Shea Stadium. A father of seven children at the time, Bunning pitched his perfect game on Father's Day. One of Bunning's daughters, Barbara, was in attendance, as was his wife, Mary.

Needing only 90 pitches to complete his masterpiece, Bunning struck out 10 batters, including six of the last nine he faced; the last two strikeouts were of the last two batters he faced: George Altman and John Stephenson.

The perfect game was the first regular season perfect game since Charlie Robertson's perfect game in 1922 (Don Larsen had pitched a perfect game in between, in the 1956 World Series), as well as the first in modern-day National League history (two perfect games had been pitched in 1880). It was also the first no-hitter by a Phillies pitcher since Johnny Lush no-hit the Brooklyn Superbas on May 1, 1906.

Bunning, who no-hit the Boston Red Sox while with the Detroit Tigers in 1958, joined Cy Young as the only pitchers to throw no-hitters in both the National and American Leagues; he has since been joined by Nolan Ryan, Hideo Nomo and Randy Johnson. The perfect game also made Bunning the third pitcher, after Young and Addie Joss, to throw a perfect game and an additional no-hitter; Sandy Koufax, Johnson, Mark Buehrle and Roy Halladay have since joined him (the latter of these pitchers pitched his additional no-hitter in the 2010 National League Division Series after pitching his perfect game earlier in the season).

As the perfect game developed, Bunning defied the baseball superstition that no one should talk about a no-hitter in progress, speaking to his teammates about the perfect game to keep himself relaxed and loosen up his teammates. Bunning had abided by the tradition during a near-no hitter a few weeks before, determining afterwards that keeping quiet didn’t help.Gus Triandos, Bunning's catcher, had also caught Hoyt Wilhelm's no-hitter on September 20, 1958 while with the Baltimore Orioles, becoming the first catcher to catch no-hitters in both leagues.

List of New York Yankees no-hitters

The New York Yankees are a Major League Baseball franchise based in the New York City borough of The Bronx. Also known in their early years as the "Baltimore Orioles" (1901–02) and the "New York Highlanders" (1903–12), the Yankees have had ten pitchers throw eleven no-hitters in franchise history. A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "...when a pitcher (or pitchers) allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings. In a no-hit game, a batter may reach base via a walk, an error, a hit by pitch, a passed ball or wild pitch on strike three, or catcher's interference". No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form. A no-hitter is rare enough that the San Diego Padres have never had a pitcher accomplish the feat. Three perfect games, a special subcategory of no-hitter, have been pitched in Yankees history. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game." This feat was achieved by Don Larsen in 1956, David Wells in 1998, and David Cone in 1999. Wells later claimed he was a "little hung-over" while throwing his perfect game.Ironically, given the Yankees' celebrated history, none of the eleven pitchers who tossed no-hitters for the franchise is in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

George Mogridge threw the first no-hitter in Yankees history, beating their rival Boston Red Sox 2–1, their only no-hitter in which the opposition scored. Their most recent no-hitter was David Cone's perfect game in 1999, the seventh Yankees no-hitter thrown by a right-handed pitcher and their third perfect game. The Yankees' first perfect game was also thrown by a right-handed pitcher, Don Larsen, and came in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series. Larsen's perfect game was the only no-hitter in MLB postseason play until Roy Halladay of the Philadelphia Phillies pitched a no-hitter in Game 1 of the 2010 National League Division Series. Coincidentally, Cone's perfect game came on "Yogi Berra Day" at Yankee Stadium. Berra had caught Larsen's perfect game and both he and Larsen were in the stands for the game. Of the eleven no-hitters pitched by Yankees players, three each have been won by the scores 4–0 and 2–0, more common than any other result. The largest margin of victory in a Yankees no-hitter was 13 runs, in a 13–0 win by Monte Pearson.

Andy Hawkins lost a game on July 1, 1990 to the Chicago White Sox while on the road by the score of 4–0 without allowing a hit. Because the White Sox were winning entering the ninth inning at home, they did not bat, and thus Hawkins pitched only 8 innings, but the game was considered a no-hitter at the time. However, following rules changes in 1991, the game is no longer counted as a no-hitter. Additionally, Tom L. Hughes held the Cleveland Indians without a hit through the first nine innings of a game on August 6, 1910 but the game went into extra innings and he lost the no-hitter in the tenth inning and ultimately lost the game 5–0.The longest interval between Yankees no-hitters was between the game pitched by Larsen on October 8, 1956 and Dave Righetti's no hitter on July 4, 1983, encompassing 26 years, 8 months, and 26 days. The shortest gap between such games fell between Allie Reynolds' two no-hitters in 1951, a gap of just 2 months and 16 days from July 12 till September 28. Reynolds is the only Yankees pitcher to throw multiple no-hitters in his career, and one of only six pitchers in Major League history to throw multiple no-hitters in a season along with Max Scherzer in 2015, Roy Halladay in 2010, Nolan Ryan in 1973, Virgil Trucks in 1952, and Johnny Vander Meer in 1938. The Red Sox and the Cleveland Indians have been no-hit by the Yankees more than any other franchise, each doing so three times. Notably, Reynolds' two no-hit victims in 1951 were the Red Sox and the Indians.

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out... [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final." Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap." These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter. No umpire has called multiple Yankee no-hitters. Bill Dinneen, the umpire who called Sad Sam Jones' 1923 no-hitter, is the only person in MLB history to both pitch (for the Red Sox in 1905) and umpire (five total, including Jones') a no-hitter. The plate umpire for Larsen's perfect game, Babe Pinelli, apocryphally "retired" after that game, but that is mere legend; in reality, since Larsen's perfecto was only Game 5 of the seven-game Series, Pinelli didn't officially retire until two days later, concluding his distinguished umpiring career at second base during Game 7, not at home plate during Game 5.

List of Philadelphia Phillies Opening Day starting pitchers

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Philadelphia. They play in the National League East division. Also known in early franchise history as the "Philadelphia Quakers", the Phillies have used 72 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 128 seasons. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. Where decisions are known, the 72 starters have a combined Opening Day record of 33 wins, 40 losses and 20 no decisions (33–40–20); where decisions are unknown, the team's record was 17–19. No decisions are awarded to the starting pitcher if the game is won or lost after the starting pitcher has left the game. It can also result if a starting pitcher does not pitch five full innings, even if his team retains the lead and wins.Hall of Fame left-handed pitcher Steve Carlton has the most Opening Day starts for the Phillies, with 14, compiling a record of 3–9–2. He is followed by Robin Roberts (twelve starts; 5–6–1), Chris Short (six starts; 3–1–2), and Curt Schilling (five starts; 2–0–3). Grover Cleveland Alexander also made five Opening Day starts for the Phillies, equal to Schilling; however, no information on his decisions in those games is available. The team's record in his five Opening Day starts is 4–1.

Roberts holds the Phillies' record for most wins in Opening Day starts with five. Art Mahaffey has the best record in Opening Day starts for the franchise; though many players have won their only Opening Day start, Mahaffey started and won two Opening Day games, for a winning percentage of 1.000; Roy Halladay also has a 1.000 winning percentage, with two wins and a no decision in three starts. Conversely, George McQuillan is the only player to have a .000 winning percentage in more than one Opening Day start (0–2–0 in two starts). Brett Myers has a .000 winning percentage in his three starts, but has accumulated two no decisions (0–1–2). Carlton has the most Opening Day losses for the team, with nine.

The Phillies have played in six home ballparks. Their best overall Opening Day record is at Shibe Park (also known as Connie Mack Stadium), where they won 11 Opening Day games out of 14 played there (11–3). The team also owned an 8–17 Opening Day record at Baker Bowl (initially known as the Philadelphia Baseball Grounds), with 1 tie. Recreation Park's Opening Day record is 1–2, while Veterans Stadium has the lowest winning percentage (.200), with 2 wins and 8 losses. The Phillies currently play at Citizens Bank Park, where they are 1–5 on Opening Day.

The Phillies have played in seven World Series championships in their history, winning in 1980 and 2008. Carlton won his Opening Day start against the Montreal Expos in 1980, while Myers received a no-decision against the same franchise (now the Washington Nationals) in 2008, a game that the Phillies eventually lost, and lost the opening game against the Atlanta Braves in 2009. Carlton also started Opening Day in 1983, the year that the Phillies lost to the Baltimore Orioles in the World Series. Alexander started Opening Day in 1915, the Phillies' first World Series appearance, while Roberts started the first game of 1950, and Terry Mulholland the first game of 1993.

List of Philadelphia Phillies award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Philadelphia Phillies professional baseball team.

List of Philadelphia Phillies no-hitters

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Philadelphia. They play in the National League East division. Also known in their early years as the "Philadelphia Quakers", pitchers for the Phillies have thrown thirteen separate no-hitters in franchise history. A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings", though one or more batters "may reach base via a walk, an error, a hit by pitch, a passed ball or wild pitch on strike three, or catcher's interference". No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form. A no-hitter is rare enough that one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.Of the thirteen no-hitters pitched by Phillies players, three have been won by a score of 6–0, and three by a score of 1–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a Phillies no-hitter was ten runs, in a 10–0 win by Chick Fraser. Charlie Ferguson's no-hitter, the first in franchise history, was a 1–0 victory, as were two of the more recent regular season no-hitters, thrown by Kevin Millwood in 2003 and Roy Halladay in 2010. Three pitchers to throw no-hitters for the Phillies have been left-handed: Johnny Lush (in 1906), Terry Mulholland (in 1990) and Cole Hamels (in 2015). The other eight pitchers were right-handed. Halladay is the only Phillies' pitcher to throw more than one no-hitter in a Phillies uniform, and others, including Hall of Famer Jim Bunning, have pitched more than one in their careers. The longest interval between Phillies no-hitters was between the games pitched by Lush and Bunning, encompassing 58 years, 1 month, and 20 days from May 1, 1906 to June 21, 1964. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between Halladay's two 2010 no-hitters, with a total of merely four months and seven days from May 29 to October 6; the shortest gap between regular-season no-hitters was between Mulholland's and Tommy Greene's games (nine months and eight days from August 15, 1990 to May 23, 1991). Two opponents have been no-hit by the Phillies more than one time: the San Francisco Giants, who were defeated by Mulholland (in 1990) and Millwood (in 2003); and the Cincinnati Reds, who were no-hit by Rick Wise (in 1971) and Halladay (in 2010).

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final." Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap." These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter. A different umpire presided over each of the Phillies' thirteen no-hitters, including Wes Curry, who created Major League Baseball's catcher interference rule.Two perfect games, a special subcategory of no-hitter, have been pitched in Phillies history. This feat was achieved by Bunning in 1964, which was the first perfect game in the National League since 1880, and Halladay in 2010. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."On July 25, 2015, Phillies left-hander Cole Hamels threw his first career no-hitter in a 5–0 win over the Chicago Cubs at the historic Wrigley Field. He narrowly missed completing a perfect game by walking two Cubs batters. Odubel Herrera, Phillies centerfielder, nearly dropped the game's final out at the warning track after he overran a long fly ball hit by Cubs rookie sensation Kris Bryant; Herrera, however, was able to snag the ball with an awkward sliding catch to close out the game and preserve Hamels's no-hitter. In addition to this being Cole Hamels's first no-hitter, this was the fourth no hitter caught by longtime Phillies catcher Carlos Ruiz, who now has tied the MLB record for no-hitters caught.

List of Toronto Blue Jays Opening Day starting pitchers

The Toronto Blue Jays are a Major League Baseball (MLB) team based in Toronto, Ontario. They play in the American League East division. The Blue Jays first played their home games at Exhibition Stadium until 1989, when they moved into the SkyDome, which was renamed Rogers Centre in 2005. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honour, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Blue Jays have used 25 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 43 seasons. The 25 starters have a combined Opening Day record of 15 wins, 16 losses and 12 no decisions. No decisions are only awarded to the starting pitcher if the game is won or lost after the starting pitcher has left the game.

The Blue Jays first Opening Day starting pitcher was Bill Singer, who received a no decision against the Chicago White Sox. Roy Halladay holds the Blue Jays' record for most Opening Day starts with seven consecutively from 2003 to 2009, and has an Opening Day record of 3–3. Halladay also has the most starts at home with four. Dave Lemanczyk has the worst winning percentage as the Opening Day starting pitcher with a record of 0–2, both of which were pitched away from Exhibition Stadium.

Overall, the Blue Jays' Opening Day starting pitchers have a record of 0 wins and 1 loss at Exhibition Stadium, and 6 wins and 4 losses at SkyDome/Rogers Centre. In addition, although the Blue Jays were nominally the home team on Opening Day 2001, the game was played in Hiram Bithorn Stadium in Hato Rey, Puerto Rico. Esteban Loaiza started the game in Hato Rey and won, making the Blue Jays' Opening Day starting pitchers' combined home record 6 wins and 4 losses, and their away record 6 wins and 9 losses. The Blue Jays went on to play in the American League Championship Series playoff games in 1985, 1989 and 1991, and won the World Series in 1992 and 1993. Dave Stieb, Jimmy Key and Jack Morris were the Opening Day starting pitchers those years, and had a combined Opening Day record of 2 wins and 3 losses.

The Blue Jays and the Cleveland Indians currently hold the record for the longest Opening Day game in Major League history. They set that record on Opening Day 2012, when Jairo Asencio of the Indians gave up a 3-run home run in the top of the 16th inning to give the Blue Jays the win. This broke the record of 15 innings set between the Indians and the Detroit Tigers in 1960.The Blue Jays would later participate in the ALCS in 2015 and 2016.

Maddux (statistic)

A Maddux is when a pitcher throws a complete game shut-out in under 100 pitches. Writer Jason Lukehart invented the statistic in 2012 and named it after his favorite baseball player Greg Maddux. Fittingly, as of 2019 Greg Maddux has the most career Madduxes with 13, since 1988 when accurate pitch counts were tracked. Zane Smith has the second most career Madduxes with 7 and shares the single season record for Madduxes with Greg Maddux with 3 each. Shelby Miller and Derek Holland are the leaders among active players players with 3 each. The 1988 season had the most Madduxes with 25, while 2018 had the fewest with just two thrown. Roy Halladay is the only player to have thrown an extra-inning Maddux throwing 99 pitches in 10 innings on September 6, 2003.

Palmball

In baseball, the palmball pitch is a type of changeup. It requires placing the baseball tightly in the palm or held between the thumb and ring finger and then throwing it as if throwing a fastball. This takes some of the velocity off the pitch, intending to make the batter swing before the ball reaches the plate.

Notable pitchers who have been known to throw the palmball include Steve Farr, Robinson Tejeda, Ed Whitson Edwar Ramírez, Dave Giusti, Bob Stanley, Orlando Hernández, Randy Martz, reliever Tony Fiore, Bryn Smith, Kenneth Brown and 1990s reliever Joe Boever. Philadelphia Phillies and former Toronto Blue Jays ace Roy Halladay was known to have thrown a palmball early in his career, though he rarely used it later on.

Second on the All-Time saves list, Trevor Hoffman, made his palmball changeup his "out" pitch.In earlier decades, the palmball was thrown by Ewell Blackwell, NL MVP winner Jim Konstanty, Cy Young Award winner Jim Palmer, and Satchel Paige. In 1968, Red Sox starter Ray Culp turned his career around by developing a palmball. Culp went 16-6 in 1968 and topped the Red Sox in wins from 1968-70.

Philadelphia Daily News

The Philadelphia Daily News is a tabloid newspaper that serves Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The newspaper is owned by Philadelphia Media Network, which also owns Philadelphia's other major newspaper The Philadelphia Inquirer.

The Daily News began publishing on March 31, 1925, under founding editor Lee Ellmaker. By 1930, the newspaper's circulation exceeded 200,000, but by the 1950s the news paper was losing money. In 1954, the newspaper was sold to Matthew McCloskey and then sold again in 1957 to publisher Walter Annenberg.

In 1969, Annenberg sold the Daily News to Knight Ridder. In 2006 Knight Ridder sold the paper to a group of local investors. The Daily News has won the Pulitzer Prize three times.

Philadelphia Phillies annual franchise awards

The Philadelphia Phillies annual franchise awards have been given since 2004 by the Philadelphia chapter of the Baseball Writers' Association of America to four members of the Philadelphia Phillies franchise for "season-ending achievements." The awards were created by Bucks County Courier Times Phillies beat writer Randy Miller, who also served as the chairman of the BBWAA's Philadelphia chapter. Winners receive a glass trophy shaped like home plate. In 2014, a fifth award was added: the Charlie Manuel Award for Service and Passion to Baseball.

Roy Halladay's perfect game

On May 29, 2010, Roy Halladay of the Philadelphia Phillies pitched the twentieth perfect game in Major League Baseball history, against the Florida Marlins in Sun Life Stadium. He retired all 27 batters, striking out 11. This was the first time in the modern era that two pitchers (Dallas Braden of the Oakland Athletics being the other) threw perfect games in the same month and that multiple perfect games had been achieved in the same season.

Scott Franzke

Scott Franzke (born March 6, 1972 in Dallas, Texas) is the radio play-by-play voice of the Philadelphia Phillies.

Toronto Blue Jays

The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario. The Blue Jays compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) East division. The team plays its home games at the Rogers Centre.

The "Blue Jays" name originates from the bird of the same name, and blue is also the traditional colour of two of Toronto's other professional sports teams: the Maple Leafs (ice hockey) and the Argonauts (Canadian football). In addition, the team was originally owned by the Labatt Brewing Company, makers of the popular beer Labatt's Blue. Colloquially nicknamed the "Jays", the team's official colours are royal blue, navy blue, red, and white. An expansion franchise, the club was founded in Toronto in 1977. Originally based at Exhibition Stadium, the team began playing its home games at the SkyDome upon its opening in 1989. Since 2000, the Blue Jays have been owned by Rogers Communications and in 2004, the SkyDome was purchased by that company, which renamed it Rogers Centre. They are the second MLB franchise to be based outside the United States, and currently the only team based outside the U.S. after the first Canadian franchise, the Montreal Expos, became the Washington Nationals in 2005.

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the Blue Jays went through struggles typical of an expansion team, frequently finishing in last place in its division. In 1983, the team had its first winning season and two years later, they became division champions. From 1985 to 1993, they were an AL East powerhouse, winning five division championships in nine seasons, including three consecutive from 1991 to 1993. During that run, the team also became back-to-back World Series champions in 1992 and 1993, led by a core group of award-winning All-Star players, including Hall of Famer Roberto Alomar, Joe Carter, John Olerud, and Devon White. The Blue Jays became the first (and, to date, only) team outside the US to appear in and win a World Series, and the fastest AL expansion team to do so, winning in its 16th year. After 1993, the Blue Jays failed to qualify for the playoffs for 21 consecutive seasons, until clinching a playoff berth and division championship in 2015. The team clinched a second consecutive playoff berth in 2016, after securing an AL wild card position. Both years, the Jays won the AL Division Series but lost the AL Championship Series.

The Blue Jays are one of two MLB teams under corporate ownership, with the other being the Atlanta Braves (who are owned by Liberty Media).

Toronto Blue Jays award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Toronto Blue Jays professional baseball team.

Achievements
Preceded by
Cliff Lee
American League All-Star Game Starting Pitcher
2009
Succeeded by
David Price
Preceded by
Ubaldo Jiménez
National League All-Star Game Starting Pitcher
2011
Succeeded by
Matt Cain
Preceded by
Dallas Braden
Perfect game pitcher
May 29, 2010
Succeeded by
Philip Humber
Preceded by
Dallas Braden
Matt Garza
No-hitter pitcher
May 29, 2010
October 6, 2010
Succeeded by
Edwin Jackson
Francisco Liriano
Preceded by
Don Larsen
Postseason no-hitter pitcher
October 6, 2010
Succeeded by
Most recent

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.