Roy Gutman (born March 5, 1944) is Istanbul-based American journalist and author.
March 5, 1944
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||London School of Economics|
|Occupation||Author, journalist, scholar|
Roy Gutman joined Newsday in January 1982 and served for eight years as National Security Reporter in Washington. While European Bureau Chief, from 1989–94, he reported on the downfall of the Polish, East German, and Czechoslovak regimes, the opening of the Berlin Wall, the unification of Germany, the first democratic elections in the former Eastern Bloc, and the violent disintegration of Yugoslavia. He served for two years as Foreign Editor for Newsday and five years as Foreign Editor for McClatchy Newspapers in Washington, D.C.. He went on to become Chief of the McClatchy Baghdad and Middle East Bureaus before turning Freelance in 2016.
Gutman's honors include the Pulitzer Prize for international reporting, the George Polk Award for foreign reporting, the Selden Ring Award for investigative reporting, and a special Human Rights in Media Award from the International League for Human Rights. While a diplomatic correspondent at Newsweek, he shared the Edgar Allan Poe award of the White House correspondents association. In 2016, The American Academy of Diplomacy named him to the Arthur Ross Media Award. https://www.academyofdiplomacy.org/recipient/roy-gutman/ In 2018, the American Bar Association named him to receive the Francis Shattuck Security and Peace Award.
Gutman was previously employed by the Reuters news agency, serving in Bonn, Vienna, Belgrade, London, and Washington. He served as Bureau Chief for Europe, State Department Correspondent, and Chief Capitol Hill Reporter. He has been a Jennings Randolph senior fellow at the United States Institute of Peace.
In 1988, Simon & Schuster published his Banana Diplomacy: The Making of American Policy in Nicaragua 1981-1987. The New York Times named it one of the best 200 books of the year, and the (London) Times Literary Supplement designated it the best American book of the year. Macmillan published A Witness to Genocide in 1993 (the Jerusalem Post called it an "indispensable" book on genocide), and the U.S. Institute of Peace published How We Missed the Story: Osama bin Laden, the Taliban, and the Hijacking of Afghanistan in 2008.
Gutman is the chairman of the Crimes of War Project, an attempt to bring together reporters and legal scholars to increase awareness of the laws of war. His pocket guide to war crimes, Crimes of War: What the Public Should Know, co-edited with David Rieff, was published by W.W. Norton in 1999 with a second edition in 2007. He was named one of "50 visionaries who are changing your world" by the Utne Reader in November–December 2008 Profile, utne.com, November 13, 2008.
In Media Cleansing: Dirty Reporting Journalism & Tragedy in Yugoslavia, Gutman is criticised extensively for insufficiently critical reliance on Bosnian and Croatian sources by author Peter Brock.
In 2017, Gutman was criticized by Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi, a research fellow at the Middle East Forum who claimed that "Gutman’s opinion biases have had and still have a problematic impact on his reporting". According to Al-Tamimi, Gutman’s work is biased towards the Syrian opposition and Turkey.. Gutman's reply: https://www.joshualandis.com/blog/yes-syrian-kurds-committed-war-crimes-roy-gutman-responds-aymenn-tamimi/
Ahmad Shah Massoud (Dari Persian: احمد شاه مسعود; September 2, 1953 – September 9, 2001) was an Afghan politician and military commander. He was a powerful guerilla commander during the resistance against the Soviet occupation between 1979 and 1989. In the 1990s he led the government's military wing against rival militias and, after the Taliban takeover, was the leading opposition commander against their regime, who he fought against until his assassination in 2001.
Massoud came from an ethnic Tajik, Sunni Muslim background in the Panjshir valley of northern Afghanistan. He began studying engineering at Polytechnical University of Kabul in the 1970s, where he became involved with religious anti-communist movements around Burhanuddin Rabbani, a leading Islamist. He was part of a failed uprising against Mohammed Daoud Khan's government. He later joined Rabbani's Jamiat-e Islami party. During the Soviet–Afghan War, his role as a powerful mujahideen insurgent leader earned him the nickname of "Lion of Panjshir" (شیر پنجشیر) among his followers as he successfully resisted the Soviets from taking Panjshir Valley. In 1992 he signed the Peshawar Accord, a peace and power-sharing agreement, in the post-communist Islamic State of Afghanistan, and was so appointed as the Minister of Defense as well as the government's main military commander. His militia fought to defend the capital Kabul against militias led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and other warlords who were bombing the city—and eventually the Taliban, who started to lay siege to the capital in January 1995 after the city had seen fierce fighting with at least 60,000 civilians were killed.Following the rise of the Taliban in 1996, Massoud, who rejected the Taliban's fundamentalist interpretation of Islam, returned to armed opposition until he eventually fled to Kulob, Tajikistan, strategically destroying the Salang Tunnel on his way north. He became the military and political leader of the United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan or Northern Alliance, which by 2000 controlled only between 5 and 10 percent of the country. In 2001 he visited Europe and in high-level meetings with the European Parliament urged leaders to pressure Pakistan on its support for the Taliban. He also asked for humanitarian aid to help the people's gruesome conditions under the Taliban. Massoud was assassinated at the instigation of al-Qaeda and Taliban in a suicide bombing on September 9, 2001. Two days later the September 11 attacks in the United States occurred, which led to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation invading Afghanistan, allying with Massoud's forces. His forces eventually won the two-month long war in December 2001, removing the Taliban from power.
Massoud was posthumously named "National Hero" by the order of President Hamid Karzai after the Taliban were ousted from power. The date of Massoud's death, September 9, is observed as a national holiday known as "Massoud Day". His followers call him Amer Sāhib-e Shahīd (آمر صاحب شهید), which translates to "(our) martyred commander." Massoud has been described as one of the greatest guerilla leaders of the 20th century and has been compared to Tito, Ho Chi Minh and Che Guevara. One of the reasons was because he successfully managed to repeatedly defend his local Panjshir Valley from being taken by the Soviets and thereafter by the Taliban.Al-Hawl
al-Hawl (Arabic: الهول, translit. al-Ḩawl, lit. '"swampland"'), also spelled al-Hole, al-Hol, al-Hool and al-Houl, is a town in eastern al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria. It is administrative center of the al-Hawl Nahiya consisting of 22 municipalities. At the 2004 census, the town had a population of 3,409.During the Syrian Civil War, al-Hawl was seized by Islamic State forces and had become one of the major ISIL strongholds in northeastern Syria. On 13 November 2015, Al-Hawl was captured by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), in what was considered as the first strategic success by the then newly established SDF.Al-Shaddadah
Al-Shaddadah or al-Shaddadi (Arabic: الشدادي, Kurdish: Şeddadê) is a town in southern al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria. The town is administrative center of the al-Shaddadah Nahiya consisting of 16 municipalities. At the 2004 census, al-Shaddadah had a population of 15,806. As a preliminary result of the ongoing Syrian Civil War, it today is situated in Jazira Canton within the autonomous Federation of Northern Syria – Rojava framework.Charles Lane (journalist)
Charles "Chuck" Lane (born 1961) is an American journalist and editor who is an editorial writer for The Washington Post and a regular guest on Fox News Channel. He was the lead editor of The New Republic from 1997 to 1999. After the New Republic, he worked for the Post, where, from 2000 to 2009, he covered the Supreme Court of the United States and judicial system issues. He has since joined the newspaper's editorial page.Crimes of War
Crimes of War: What the Public Should Know is a 1999 reference book edited by Roy Gutman and David Rieff that offers a compendium of more than 150 entries of articles and photographs that broadly define "international humanitarian law", a subject that involves most of the legal and political aspects of modern conflict.
The 352-page book, published by W.W. Norton, contains 80 photographs, two maps and extensive sources.
In this A-to-Z guide, journalists, television reporters and photographers, together with leading legal scholars and military law experts, define the major war crimes and key terms of law and take a fresh look at nine recent wars using the framework of international humanitarian law.
Contributors include reporters and photojournalists. Sydney Schanberg, William Shawcross, Justice Richard Goldstone and Christiane Amanpour are among those included, with a foreword by Justice Richard Goldstone, the UN Tribunal's first prosecutor. Photographers include Gilles Peress and Annie Leibovitz.
The book is part of a comprehensive project started by Roy Gutman which includes educational initiatives and additional articles. It has been published in 11 languages, including Arabic, Spanish, Italian, Hungarian, Serbo-Croatian and Chinese. A revised edition (2.0) with updated articles was published in October 2007 by W.W. Norton.Free-fire zone
A free-fire zone in U.S. military parlance is a fire control measure, used for coordination between adjacent combat units. The definition used in the Vietnam War by U.S. troops may be found in field manual FM 6-20:
A specific designated area into which any weapon system may fire without additional coordination with the establishing headquarters.Gutman
Gutman is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Alberto Gutman (born 1959), American politician
Albin Gutman (born 1947), Slovene general
Alexander Gutman (born 1945), Russian film director
Amy Gutman (born 1960), American novelist
Anthony Gutman, British banker
Dan Gutman (born 1955), American author
Daniel Gutman, American lawyer, state senator, state assemblyman, president justice of the municipal court, and law school dean.
Gloria M Gutman (born 1939), Canadian gerontologist
Guilherme Gutman (born 1969), Brazilian doctor, psychoanalyst and art critic
Herbert Gutman (1928–1985), American labor historian and scholar of slavery
Howard W. Gutman (born 1956), American ambassador
Huck Gutman (born c.1944), American academic and political adviser
Hugo Gutmann (1880–1962) German-Jewish veteran of first World War, famously known as Adolf Hitler's superior officer.
Israel Gutman (1923–2013), Israeli historian
Ivan Gutman (born 1947), Serbian chemist and mathematician
Jacob C. Gutman (1890–1982), American businessman and philanthropist
Jorge Castañeda Gutman (born 1953), Mexican politician and author
Laura Gutman (born 1958), Argentinean therapist
Lev Gutman (born 1945), Latvian–Israeli–German chess grandmaster
Matt Gutman (born 1977), American journalist
Nachum Gutman (1898–1980), Israeli painter, sculptor, and author
Natalia Gutman (born 1942), Russian cellist
René Gutman (born 1950), French Orthodox rabbi
Rinat Gutman (born 1980), Israeli musician
Ron Gutman, American businessman
Roy Gutman (born 1944), American journalist and author
Shaul Gutman (born 1945), Israeli academic and politicianIslamabad Accord
The Islamabad Accord was a peace and power-sharing agreement signed on 7 March 1993 between the warring parties in the War in Afghanistan (1992–1996), one party being the Islamic State of Afghanistan and the other an alliance of militias led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. The Defense Minister of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Massoud, resigned his position in exchange for peace, as requested by Hekmatyar who saw Massoud as a personal rival. Hekmatyar took the long-offered position of prime minister. The agreement proved short-lived, however, as Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and his allies soon resumed the bombardment of Kabul.Karma Nabulsi
Karma Nabulsi is an academic and former PLO representative. She is a senior lecturer in Political theory at the University of Oxford, a fellow of St Edmund Hall, and Director of Undergraduate Studies at the Department of Politics and International Relations.Leprosy Control
Leprosy Control (LepCo or LEPCO) is a non-governmental organization addressing leprosy. The organization has been active in countries such as Afghanistan.List of After Words interviews first aired in 2008
After Words is an American television series on the C-SPAN2 network’s weekend programming schedule known as Book TV. The program is an hour-long talk show, each week featuring an interview with the author of a new nonfiction book. The program has no regular host. Instead, each author is paired with a guest host who is familiar with the author or the subject matter of their book.List of Jewish American journalists
This is a list of famous journalists who have some Jewish heritage. For other famous Jewish Americans, see Lists of Jewish Americans.
Jill Abramson — journalist and former executive editor of The New York Times
Martin Agronsky — reporter and host of Agronsky & Company
Kate Bolduan (convert) — CNN
Bonnie Bernstein — sports journalist
Carl Bernstein — investigative reporter for The Washington Post, uncovered Watergate with Bob Woodward
Wolf Blitzer — journalist and anchor for CNN
David Brooks — columnist, The New York Times
Benyamin Cohen — founder of Jewsweek and American Jewish Life Magazine
Katie Couric — journalist who currently serves as Yahoo! Global News Anchor. She has worked with all Big Three television networks in the United States, and in her early career was an Assignment Editor for CNN
Benjamin De Casseres — early 20th-century journalist, critic and individualist anarchist
Morton Dean — CBS News reporter
Matt Drudge — founder of the Drudge Report
Giselle Fernández — host of Access Hollywood
Thomas Friedman — columnist, The New York Times
Bob Garfield — NPR and ABC News journalist, columnist, and author
Brooke Gladstone — Peabody Award-winning NPR journalist and author
Hadas Gold — CNN
Bernard Goldberg — CBS News reporter
Jeffrey Goldberg (1965–) — journalist, staff writer for The New Yorker and author of the book Prisoners
Jonah Goldberg — columnist, commentator and Senior Editor of National Review
Linda Greenhouse — Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter for The New York Times
Roy Gutman — Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist best known for his coverage of the war in the former Yugoslavia
David Halberstam — Vietnam War correspondent
Seymour Hersh — investigative journalist, uncovered My Lai massacre
Christopher Hitchens (1949 – 2011) — literary critic and political activist
Eliana Johnson - Washington Editor for National Review
Tamara Keith, NPR
John King — CNN
Larry King — RT America and former CNN host
Ted Koppel — journalist for Nightline
Charles Krauthammer — columnist and commentator for Fox News and The Washington Post
Paul Krugman — Nobel Prize-winning economist and columnist, The New York Times
Cynthia Leive — Glamour
Franz Lidz — Sports Illustrated, Smithsonian
Dave Marash — former Washington-based anchor for Al Jazeera English
Suzy Menkes — fashion journalist
Edwin Newman — NBC News journalist, Broadway critic, author
David Frum - newspaper writer
Daniel Pearl (1963–2002) — murdered foreign correspondent, The Wall Street Journal
Nathan Rabin — music and pop culture journalist
Frank Rich — columnist, New York (magazine)New York magazine
Geraldo Rivera — investigative television journalist and host, now with Fox News
Steven V. Roberts — Washington pundit and U.S. News and World Report contributor
Lester Rodney — journalist who helped break down the color barrier in baseball
William Safire — columnist, The New York Times
Daniel Schorr (1916–2010) — journalist who covered the world for more than 60 years, last as a senior news analyst for NPR
George Seldes — World War I correspondent, post-war international reporter and media critic
Gene Shalit — film critic
David Shuster — television journalist; former anchor for MSNBC; worked for Fox News, CNN, Current TV, and Al Jazeera America
Joel Siegel — film critic
Ron Suskind - Pulitzer Prize winning author (One Percent Doctrine, The Price of Loyalty, Confidence Men...) and journalist
Joel Stein — columnist, Los Angeles Times
Gloria Steinem — feminist editor and writer, founder of Ms. magazine
I. F. Stone — left-wing Washington correspondent and investigative journalist, NY Post, PM, The Nation and I.F. Stone's Weekly
Jake Tapper — CNN anchor and correspondent
Mike Wallace (1918–2012) — journalist, 60 Minutes correspondent
Barbara Walters (1929–) — media personality, a regular fixture on morning television shows (Today and The View), evening news magazines (20/20), and on The ABC Evening News, as the first female evening news anchor
Miriam Weiner – Jewish genealogist who wrote syndicated "Roots and Branches" column that was published in 100+ Jewish newspapers and periodicals
Marco Werman — radio journalist and host of PRI's The World
Walter Winchell — investigative broadcast journalist and gossip columnist
Michael Wolff — journalist/columnist, USA Today, The Hollywood Reporter
Gideon Yago — MTV reporterMarch 5
March 5 is the 64th day of the year (65th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 301 days remaining until the end of the year.Newsday
Newsday is an American daily newspaper that primarily serves Nassau and Suffolk counties and the New York City borough of Queens on Long Island, although it is also sold throughout the New York metropolitan area. As of 2009, its weekday circulation of 377,500 was the 11th-highest in the United States, and the highest among suburban newspapers. In 2012, Newsday expanded to include Rockland and Westchester county news on its website. As of January 2014, Newsday's total average circulation was 437,000 on weekdays, 434,000 on Saturdays and 495,000 on Sundays.The newspaper's headquarters is in Melville, New York, in Suffolk County.Peshawar Accord
On 26 April 1992, the Peshawar Accords were announced by several but not all Afghan mujahideen parties: Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, leader of Hezb-e Islami, had already during the negotiations since March 1992 opposed to these attempts at a coalition government.The accord proclaimed an Afghan interim government (which named itself 'Islamic State of Afghanistan') to start serving on 28 April 1992. Due to rivalling forces contending for total power, that interim government was paralyzed right from the start.Afghan mujahideen parties discussing in Peshawar (Pakistan) had on 26 April 1992 agreed on proclaiming a leadership council assuring residual powers for the party leaders under an interim President Sibghatullah Mojaddedi or Mujaddidi (a religious leader) serving from 28 April to 28 June 1992. Jamiat-e Islami's leader Burhanuddin Rabbani would then succeed him as interim President until 28 October, and also in 1992 a national shura was to ratify a provisional constitution and choose an interim government for eighteen months, followed by elections. In these Peshawar Accords, Ahmad Shah Massoud was appointed as interim minister of defense for the Mujaddidi government.Shura-e Nazar
The Shura-e Nazar (Persian: شوراء نظار) (known as the Supervisory Council of the North) was created by Ahmad Shah Massoud in 1984 at the northern provinces of Takhar, Badakhshan, Balkh and Kunduz, during the Soviet-Afghan War. It comprised and united about 130 resistance commanders from 12 northern, eastern and central regions of Afghanistan. Though operating autonomously, Shura-e Nazar was technically an offshoot of Rabbani's Jamiat-e Islami and hence operated within the framework of the Peshawar Seven against the Soviet-supported Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
Although many of the SCN leaders were affiliates of Rabbani's Jamiat-e-Islami, the SCN established deep ties with local communities and ran its affairs independently from the Jamiat leadership, based in Pakistan. Many former SCN commanders and fighters continue to exert influence and power at various levels throughout the Northern provinces.Suluk, Syria
Suluk or Saluq (Arabic: سلوك) is a town and nahiyah within the Tell Abyad District of Raqqa Governorate in Syria. Suluk is close to the border with Turkey. The population of town is predominantly Arab. Turkish authorities claim the population of the town is predominantly Turkmen, while the nahiyah consists mostly of Turkmen and Arabs.
In June 2015, Suluk was taken over by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) in the course of their Tell Abyad offensive. Istanbul-based journalist Roy Gutman claimed the YPG has been accused of barring the return of its residents, "razing" nearby villages, and "ethnic cleansing" of Arabs. They have denied these allegations, calling them "biased, unprofessional and politicized".On February 27, 2016, fighters of the terrorist group Islamic State attacked Suluk, the village Hammam at‑Turkuman and Tall Abyad. At this point, the towns were not directly at the front to ISIL-held territory anymore and the jihadists were able to expel the Kurdish People's Protection Units in this surprise attack from Suluk and Hammam at-Turkuman. Kurdish security forces soon were able to encircle the attackers and recaptured the villages on March 3, 2016. The liberation came too late for 15 civilians in Hammam at-Turkuman, which were executed by the jihadists in the charge of "Refusing to corporate with IS and helping the YPG earlier".According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, 70 fighters from the Islamic State and 20 Kurdish fighters were killed during the clashes.A spokesman of the YPG, Redur Xelil, accused Turkey of supporting the terrorists because some of them infiltrated from the Turkish border to the north. Turkey denied the accusations.In the early 13th century, during Ayyubid rule, the medieval geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi noted that Suluk was "a town of Syria".Željka Markić
Željka Markić (née Živković; born November 11, 1964) is a leader of Croatian civil movement "On Behalf of the Family" (U ime obitelji)She was born in Zagreb, then Yugoslavia, as the oldest of six children. She attended Classical Gymnasium in Zagreb and graduated from School of Medicine at University of Zagreb.She worked as a war reporter during the Croatian War of Independence and later for BBC, NBC and RAI II. She was editor of the Nova TV news programme from 2004 to 2007. She also edited television shows on Croatian Radiotelevision (HRT). Markić was a contributor to Human Right Watch from 1992 to 1994.She is the author of the few documentary films on BBC and Channel 4, such as Guy Smith, Correspondent and Unforgiving and co-director of documentary film Children of War together with Alan Raynolds.
She translated works of John Grisham, Antonio A. Borelli and Roy Gutman.She was the first president of the conservative party Croatian Growth and founder of Croatian subsidiary of Mary's Meals organisation.
She is one of the key organisers of the Croatian constitutional referendum, 2013 for which civic inititative U ime obitelji (In the Name of Family) had collected 749,613 signatures.She is married to physician Tihomir Markić with whom she has four sons.Markić's opposition to LGBT rights has repeatedly drawn criticism in the media. She has opposed Croatia's ratification of the Istanbul Convention on preventing violence against women and domestic violence. She is also pro-life on abortion and euthanasia.