Rose Bowl (stadium)

The Rose Bowl, also known as Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl,[8] is an American outdoor athletic stadium, located in Pasadena, California, a northeast suburb of Los Angeles. Opened in October 1922, the stadium is recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historic Civil Engineering landmark.[7] At a modern capacity of an all-seated configuration at 92,542 (making it one of the rare stadiums in college football to have such a seating arrangement; many such stadiums have bench-style seating)[1] the Rose Bowl is the 15th-largest stadium in the world, the 11th-largest stadium in the United States, and the 10th largest NCAA stadium.

One of the most famous venues in sporting history,[9] the Rose Bowl is best known as a college football venue, specifically as the host of the annual Rose Bowl Game for which it is named. Since 1982, it has also served as the home stadium of the UCLA Bruins football team. The stadium has also hosted five Super Bowl games, second most of any venue. The Rose Bowl is also a noted soccer venue, having hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the 1984 Olympic Gold Medal Match, as well as numerous CONCACAF and United States Soccer Federation matches.[10]

The stadium and adjacent Brookside Golf and Country Club are owned by the city of Pasadena and managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the city of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board.

Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
America's Stadium
Rose Bowl (stadium) logo
2018.06.17 Over the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA USA 0039 (42855669451) (cropped)
Rose Bowl in 2018
Rose Bowl Stadium Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Rose Bowl Stadium Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Rose Bowl Stadium Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl is located in California
Rose Bowl Stadium Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl (California)
Rose Bowl Stadium Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl is located in the United States
Rose Bowl Stadium Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl (the United States)
Address1001 Rose Bowl Drive
LocationPasadena, California, U.S.
Coordinates34°09′40″N 118°10′05″W / 34.161°N 118.168°WCoordinates: 34°09′40″N 118°10′05″W / 34.161°N 118.168°W
Public transitLAMetroLogo.svg  Gold Line 
Memorial Park
Del Mar
(Via ARTS Bus Line)
OwnerCity of Pasadena
OperatorRose Bowl Operating Company
Capacity92,542[1]
Record attendance106,869[2] (1973 Rose Bowl)
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Broke ground1922[3]
OpenedOctober 28, 1922
first Rose Bowl game:
January 1, 1923
Construction cost$272,198
($4.07 million in 2018[4])
ArchitectMyron Hunt[5]
Tenants
Rose Bowl Game (NCAA) (1923–present)
Caltech Beavers (NCAA) (1923–1976, some games)
Pasadena HS Bulldogs (1923–present, some games)
John Muir HS Mustangs (1954–present, some games)
Loyola Lions (1951)
CSULA Diablos (1957–1960, 1963–1969)
Los Angeles Wolves (NASL) (1968)
Pasadena Bowl (1946–1966, 1969–1971)
Los Angeles Aztecs (NASL) (1978–1979)
UCLA Bruins (NCAA) (1982–present)
Los Angeles Galaxy (MLS) (1996–2002)
The Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl, panorama
Rose Bowl, panorama during UCLA-Arizona football game
NRHP reference #87000755[6]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPFebruary 27, 1987
Designated NHLFebruary 27, 1987[7]

History

Design and construction

RoseBowl-construction1921
Construction in 1921; note the original horseshoe shape

The game now known as the Rose Bowl Game was played at Tournament Park though January 1922, about three miles (5 km) southeast, adjacent to the campus of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). The Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, the game's organizer, realized the temporary stands were inadequate for a crowd of more than 40,000, and sought to build a better, permanent stadium.

The stadium was designed by architect Myron Hunt in 1921. His design was influenced by the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut, which opened in 1914. The Arroyo Seco was selected as the location for the stadium. The Rose Bowl was under construction from Feb. 27, 1922 to October 1922.[11][12] The nearby Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum also was under construction during this time and would be completed in May 1923, shortly after the Rose Bowl was completed. Originally built as a horseshoe, the stadium was expanded several times. The southern stands were completed in 1928, enclosing the stadium into a complete bowl.

The field's alignment is nearly north-south, offset slightly northwest, and the elevation at street level is approximately 830 feet (255 m) above sea level.

The stadium's name was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl", until being settled as "Rose Bowl" before the 1923 Rose Bowl game,[13] in reference to the unusually named (at the time) Yale Bowl.

The stadium is extremely difficult to access due to the traffic caused by single-lane residential street access. It has no dedicated parking lot for visitors and parking issues have routinely caused visitors to spend two to three hours completing the last mile to the stadium on game days. In 2016, Rose Bowl contracted ParkJockey to streamline parking in and around the stadium.

There are also shuttles to help visitors get to the stadium and mobile lights powered by generators to provide visibility for people walking on the golf course at night.

Dedication, October 1922

The first game was a regular season contest in 1922, when California defeated USC 12–0 on October 28. This was the only loss for USC and Cal finished the season undefeated. California declined the invitation to the 1923 Rose Bowl game and USC went instead. The stadium was dedicated officially on January 1, 1923, when USC defeated Penn State 14–3.

Seating

The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its construction in 1922. The South end was filled in to complete the bowl and more seats have been added. The original wooden benches were replaced by aluminum benches in 1969. All new grandstand and loge seats had been installed since 1971.[14] New red seat backs had been added on 22,000 seats prior to the 1980 Rose Bowl.[14] A Rose Bowl improvement was conducted because of UCLA's 1982 move and the 1984 Summer Olympics. This resulted in new seat backs for 50,000 seats.[14]

For many years, the Rose Bowl had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States, eventually being surpassed by Michigan Stadium (107,601).[15][16] The Rose Bowl's maximum stated seating capacity was 104,091 from 1972 to 1997.[14] Some of the seats closest to the field were never used during this time for UCLA regular season games, and were covered by tarps. Official capacity was lowered following the 1998 Rose Bowl. Slightly different figures are given for the current capacity, for the lower level seats behind the team benches are not used for some events since the spectators can not see through the standing players or others on the field. UCLA reports the capacity at 91,136.[17] The Tournament of Roses reports the capacity at 92,542.[18] The 2006 Rose Bowl game, which was also the BCS championship game, had a crowd of 93,986.[19] In the 2011 contest between TCU and Wisconsin, the listed attendance is 94,118. As of 2008, the Rose Bowl is the 11th largest football stadium, and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games.[20] For concerts held there, the Rose Bowl holds almost 60,000 people. The stadium's 2014 remodeling removed the lower "lettered row" seats on each side behind the players' benches and provided access in and out of the stadium for the lower sections of the Rose Bowl, restoring its original design.

Stadium renovations

2008-1206-USC-UCLA-009-RB-redblue
UCLA-USC football game at the Rose Bowl; the 2008 edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing home jerseys

The press box was updated before the 1962 Rose Bowl with an elevator and two rows. The cost was $356,000. The Press Box was refurbished for UCLA's move in 1982 and the 1984 Summer Olympics.[14] In 2011 and 2012, the press box was undergoing renovation as part of the larger renovation originally budgeted at $152 million in 2010.[21] Costs had increased to $170 million during construction.[22] Work proceeded during the 2011 football season, and was expected to be completed before the UCLA Bruins' first home game in 2012.[22] Some unforeseen problems had been encountered due to the stadium's age and some renovations done in the early 1990s.[22] Most of the planned renovations were completed in 2013. Because of the increased construction cost, items deferred for the future are additional new restrooms, the historic field hedge, new entry-gate structures, and additional new concession stands. The stadium has started "The Brick Campaign" to help pay for some of the cost of the renovations.[23] The Brick Campaign, completed in 2014, features a large logo of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and the donor bricks arranged by universities in front of the south main entrance to the stadium. A large 30 feet tall by 77 feet wide LED video display board was added to the north end of the stadium as a part of the renovation.

Court of Champions

The Court of Champions is at the stadium's south end. Rose Bowl game records along with the names of the coaches and the MVP players, are shown on the plaques attached to the exterior wall. The Hall of Fame statue is also at the Court of Champions. The 2014 renovation allows more plaques to be placed on the wall and floor for future games.

Terry Donahue Pavilion

The seven-story Terry Donahue Pavilion is named for the former UCLA football head coach, who is the most successful coach in UCLA and Pac-12 history. It houses the press boxes, broadcast booths, premium seating, boxes and suites. The radio and TV booths were renamed "The Keith Jackson Broadcast Center" in December 2015. Jackson, the former ABC-TV sportscaster, coined the phrase "The Granddaddy of Them All" for the Rose Bowl game."[24]

Sports Illustrated venue rankings

In 1999, Sports Illustrated listed the Rose Bowl at number 20 in the Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century.[25] In 2007, Sports Illustrated named the Rose Bowl the number one venue in college sports.[26]

Football at the Rose Bowl

Rose Bowl Game

The Rose Bowl stadium is best known in the U.S. for its hosting of the Rose Bowl, a postseason college football game. The game is played after the Tournament of Roses Parade on New Year's Day, or, if January 1 is a Sunday, on the following Monday January 2. The stadium's name has given rise to the term "bowl game" for postseason football games, regardless of whether they are played in a bowl-shaped or "Bowl"-named stadium. The Rose Bowl Game is commonly referred to as "The Granddaddy of Them All" because of its stature as the oldest of all the bowl games. Since its opening, the Rose Bowl stadium has hosted the bowl game every year except the 1942 Rose Bowl, when the game was moved to Durham, North Carolina, at the campus of Duke University. Duke, which played in the game on January 1, volunteered to host the contest because of security concerns on the West Coast in the weeks following the attack on Pearl Harbor.[27][28] Since 1945, the Rose Bowl has been the highest attended college football bowl game.[29]

BCS National Championship

2010 BCS Champ
Texas and Alabama in January 2010
2014 BCS Championship
Florida State and Auburn in January 2014

Starting with the 1998 season, the Rose Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The 2002 and 2006 games also were the BCS Championship games, matching the #1 and #2 BCS teams in the nation. The 2010 BCS National Championship Game was played six days after the Rose Bowl game as a completely separate event from the Tournament of Roses, though it managed the event. The stadium hosted the 2014 BCS National Championship Game, the final game before the BCS was replaced by the current College Football Playoff, when it celebrated its 100th anniversary of the Rose Bowl game.[30]

Season Game Date Visiting team Points Home team Points Spectators
2001 2002 January 3 Nebraska 14 Miami 37 93,781
2005 2006 January 4 Texas 41 USC* 38 93,986
2009 2010 January 7 Texas 21 Alabama 37 94,906
2013   2014   January 6 Auburn 31 Florida State 34 94,208

Note: *USC later vacated all wins during the season.

Though the Rose Bowl is eligible to bid on hosting the College Football Playoff Championship Game in years it is not hosting a semifinal, it has no plans to do so.[31]

College Football Playoff semifinals

The Rose Bowl Game is one of the six primary bowls of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which replaced the BCS effective with the 2014 season. Every three years, the Rose Bowl will match two of the top four teams selected by the system's selection committee to compete for a spot at the national championship game. The first CFP semifinal game at the Rose Bowl was the 2015 Rose Bowl, whose winner advanced to the championship game on January 12 at AT&T Stadium in Texas.

Season Rose Bowl Date Visiting team Points Home team Points Spectators
2014 2015 January 1 #3 Florida State 20 #2 Oregon 59 91,322
2017 2018 January 1 #3 Georgia 54 #2 Oklahoma 48 92,844

UCLA Bruins football home stadium

UCLA Rose Bowl record
Previous edition of Rose Bowl records at Hall of Champions

The Rose Bowl stadium has been the home football field for UCLA since 1982.[17] The UCLA Bruins had played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum since 1928. There was an attempt to build a 44,000 seat stadium on campus, at the site where Drake Stadium eventually was built. However, the proposal was blocked by influential area residents, as well as some politicians.[32][33]

At the start of the 1982 NFL season, with the Oakland Raiders scheduled to move into the Coliseum, UCLA decided to relocate its home games to the Rose Bowl Stadium.[34] The Bruins went on to play two straight Rose Bowl games in their new home stadium, the 1983 Rose Bowl and the 1984 Rose Bowl. UCLA has participated in five Rose Bowl games since moving to the stadium. The stadium is the host of the UCLA–USC rivalry football game on even numbered years, alternating with the Coliseum. In the first rivalry game at the stadium between UCLA and USC in 1982, USC fans sat on the west side of the stadium and UCLA fans sat on the east side of the stadium, mirroring an arrangement that existed when the teams shared the Coliseum. Both teams also wore their home uniforms. In 1984, USC fans were moved to the end zone seats, which ended the tradition of shared stadium. Because of the shared arrangement, and the participation of USC in a number of Rose Bowl games, both schools have winning records in each other's home stadium. The Bruins travel 26 miles from campus to Pasadena to play home games, but only 14 miles to their biggest road game at USC every other year.[32]

Caltech Beavers football home stadium

Caltech, a university located in Pasadena, played most home games in the Rose Bowl from the time of its construction until the school dropped football in 1993. Caltech jovially claimed to play before the greatest number of empty seats in the nation.[35]

Junior Rose Bowl

The stadium hosted the Junior Rose Bowl from 1946 to 1971 and 1976 to 1977. Between 1946 and 1966 and 1976 and 1977, the game pitted the California Junior College football champions against the NJCAA football champions for the national championship. It was organized by the Pasadena Junior Chamber of Commerce. The Junior Rose Bowl became the Pasadena Bowl from 1967 to 1971; it was billed as the Junior Rose Bowl the first two years, but instead two teams from the NCAA College Division competed (then later the University Division, usually featuring teams that were not invited to other major bowls).

1983 Army-Navy game

The Rose Bowl stadium is the only site west of the Mississippi River to host an Army–Navy Game (1983). The city of Pasadena paid for the traveling expenses of all the students and supporters of both the U.S. Naval Academy and U.S. Military Academy.[36] The attendance was 81,000.[37][38] The game was brought to the Rose Bowl as there are a large number of military installations and servicemen and women, along with many retired military personnel, on the West Coast.[36]

Super Bowls

The stadium has hosted the Super Bowl five times. The first was Super Bowl XI in January 1977, when the Oakland Raiders beat the Minnesota Vikings 32–14. The game was also played there in 1980 (XIV), 1983 (XVII), 1987 (XXI) and 1993 (XXVII). The Rose Bowl is one of two venues (with Stanford Stadium) to host a Super Bowl though having never served as the full-time home stadium for an NFL or AFL team (Stanford Stadium hosted one San Francisco 49ers game after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake).

Season Date Super Bowl Visiting team Points Home team Points Spectators
1976 January 9, 1977 XI Oakland Raiders 32 Minnesota Vikings 14 103,438
1979 January 20, 1980 XIV Los Angeles Rams 19 Pittsburgh Steelers 31 103,985
1982 January 30, 1983 XVII Miami Dolphins 17 Washington Redskins 27 103,667
1986 January 25, 1987 XXI Denver Broncos 20 New York Giants 39 101,063
1992 January 31, 1993 XXVII Buffalo Bills 17 Dallas Cowboys 52   98,374

Because the NFL has a policy limiting the hosting of a Super Bowl to metropolitan areas with NFL teams, the Super Bowl has not been played at the Rose Bowl since the Rams and Raiders departed the Los Angeles area in 1995. The most recent Super Bowl held in southern California was XXXVII in San Diego in January 2003. The next L.A.-based Super Bowl (LVI) is scheduled for February 2022 at the Rams' and Chargers' new stadium in Inglewood (the Rams returned to Los Angeles in 2016, the Chargers the following year).

Soccer at the Rose Bowl

Though best known as an American football stadium, the Rose Bowl is also one of the most decorated soccer (association football) venues in the world. The stadium hosted the prestigious 1994 FIFA World Cup Final (an event watched by over 700 million people worldwide), the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the 1984 Olympic Gold Medal Match, making it the only venue in the world to host all three of international soccer's major championship matches.[39] The United States men's national soccer team has played 17 games in the Rose Bowl, the fourth most of any venue. It has also hosted MLS Cup 1998 and the 2002 and 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Finals. Mexico has played a number of friendlies in the stadium against nations other than the United States.

In the past, it was also the home ground of two North American Soccer League clubs, the Los Angeles Wolves in 1968 and the Los Angeles Aztecs in 1978 and 1979. From 1996 through 2002, the stadium was the home ground of Major League Soccer club Los Angeles Galaxy, who still host occasional matches there.[40]

Major global soccer tournaments

The Rose Bowl is one of two stadiums to have hosted the FIFA World Cup finals for both men and women. The Rose Bowl hosted the men's final in 1994 and the women's final in 1999. (The only other stadium with this honor is the Råsunda Stadium near Stockholm, Sweden, which hosted the men's final in 1958 and the women's final in 1995.) Both Rose Bowl finals were scoreless after extra time and decided on penalty shootouts; Brazil defeating Italy in the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, and the United States defeating China in the 1999 women's final.[41][42]

The Rose Bowl also hosted group stage matches of the Copa América Centenario in 2016.[43] It also hosted several matches including the final of the 1984 Olympics men's soccer tournament. On July 27, 2016, the Rose Bowl hosted a 2016 International Champions Cup match between Chelsea and Liverpool. Chelsea won the match 1-0. The Rose Bowl also hosted a 2018 International Champions Cup match between F.C. Barcelona and Tottenham Hotspur where Barcelona won 5-3 in penalty kicks after a 2-2 draw. It has also regularly featured CONCACAF Gold Cup matches including two finals.

The Rose Bowl is a candidate to host matches in the 2026 FIFA World Cup, and will be a venue in the 2028 Summer Olympics.[44]

1994 FIFA World Cup matches

Date Time (UTC−8) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
1994-06-18 16:30  Colombia 1–3  Romania Group A 91,856
1994-06-19 16:30  Cameroon 2–2  Sweden Group B 93,194
1994-06-22 16:30  United States 2–1  Colombia Group A 93,469
1994-06-26 16:30  United States 0–1  Romania Group A 93,869
1994-07-03 13:30  Romania 3–2  Argentina Round of 16 90,469
1994-07-13 16:30  Brazil 1–0  Sweden Semi-final 91,856
1994-07-16 12:30  Sweden 4–0  Bulgaria 3rd place match 91,500
1994-07-17 12:30  Brazil 0–0 (3–2 on pen.)  Italy Final 94,194

1999 FIFA Women's World Cup matches

Date Time (UTC−8) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
1999-06-20 16:00  Italy 1 – 1  Germany Group B 17,100
1999-06-20 18:30  North Korea 1 – 2  Nigeria Group A 17,100
1999-07-10 10:15  Norway 0 – 0 (4 – 5 on pen.)  Brazil 3rd place match 90,185
1999-07-10 12:30  United States 0 – 0 (5 – 4 on pen.)  China PR Final 90,185

Other events and usage

Pasadena events

Fireworks over the Rose Bowl 20140704
4th of July Fireworks over the Rose Bowl

The Rose Bowl has hosted the Pasadena "Americafest" Independence Day celebration annually since 1927.[45] The annual fireworks show is considered one of the top fireworks shows in the nation. Another local event is the Rose Bowl Flea Market held the second Sunday of each month, on the stadium parking lots. Hosted by promoter R.G. Canning, it claims to be the largest Flea market on the West Coast.[46] The stadium host the annual "Turkey Tussle" homecoming football game between John Muir High School and Pasadena High School, in early November. The Rose Bowl hosted its annual graduation ceremonies for Blair High School, John Muir High School and Pasadena High School until 1984, before staging it at the individual schools until 1998. Currently all three high schools along with John Marshall Fundamental School hold their graduation ceremonies at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in early June.

1932 Summer Olympics

The Rose Bowl was the track cycling venue for the 1932 Summer Olympics.[47]

Concerts

Date Performer(s) Opening act(s) Tour/Event Attendance Notes
September 15, 1968[48] Big Brother and the Holding Company N/A N/A N/A N/A
June 6, 1982[49][50] N/A Peace Sunday: We Have a Dream N/A N/A
July 2, 1982[51] Journey Blue Öyster Cult
Triumph
Aldo Nova
Escape Tour 83,214 N/A
August 1, 1982[52] N/A N/A N/A N/A
June 18, 1988[53] Depeche Mode Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark Music for the Masses Tour 60,453 The concert was filmed and recorded for the group's documentary-concert film and live album 101.
June 27, 1992[54] The Cure Cranes
Dinosaur Jr.
Wish Tour 35,000 N/A
October 3, 1992[55] Metallica & Guns N' Roses Motörhead Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour 68,639 Comedian Andrew Dice Clay opened for Guns N' Roses and introduced the band when they came onstage.
January 31, 1993 Michael Jackson N/A Super Bowl XXVII halftime show N/A N/A
July 31, 1993 Juan Gabriel N/A N/A N/A Becomes the first Latin American singer to perform at the Rose Bowl.
April 16, 1994[56] Pink Floyd N/A The Division Bell Tour 129,060 N/A
April 17, 1994[56] N/A N/A
July 17, 1994[57] Kenny G
Whitney Houston
N/A 1994 FIFA World Cup closing ceremony N/A N/A
October 19, 1994[58] The Rolling Stones Red Hot Chili Peppers
Buddy Guy
Voodoo Lounge Tour 119,140
October 21, 1994[58]
January 21, 1995[59] Eagles Sheryl Crow Hell Freezes Over Tour 60,000 N/A
June 27, 1998 Lilith Fair N/A 1998 Tour N/A N/A
July 10, 1999 Jennifer Lopez N/A 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup closing ceremony N/A N/A
July 17, 1999[60] Lilith Fair N/A 1999 Tour N/A N/A
June 9, 2000[61] 'N Sync P!nk No Strings Attached Tour N/A N/A
July 24, 2001[62] Eden's Crush
Samantha Mumba
PopOdyssey 62,196 N/A
June 15, 2002[63] Various artists N/A Wango Tango N/A N/A
May 17, 2003[63] N/A N/A N/A
May 15, 2004[63] N/A N/A N/A
October 25, 2009[64] U2 The Black Eyed Peas U2 360° Tour 97,014 The concert was streamed on the group's official YouTube channel, and also filmed for the band's concert film U2360° at the Rose Bowl.
July 28, 2013[65] Justin Timberlake
Jay Z
DJ Cassidy Legends of the Summer 63,162 N/A
August 2, 2014 Beyoncé
Jay Z
On the Run Tour 96,994 N/A
August 3, 2014 N/A
August 7, 2014 Eminem
Rihanna
The Monster Tour 110,346
August 8, 2014
September 11, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer
Jamie Scott
Where We Are Tour 165,170 During the performance on September 13, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Niall; and also of "I Gotta Feeling" by The Black Eyed Peas, "Beautiful Girls" by Sean Kingston, "Stand by Me" by Ben E. King and "Rock Your Body" by Justin Timberlake, along with a snippet of "I Want".
September 12, 2014
September 13, 2014
July 25, 2015 Kenny Chesney
Jason Aldean
Brantley Gilbert
Cole Swindell
Old Dominion
The Big Revival Tour
Burn It Down Tour
53,864 N/A
May 14, 2016 Beyoncé DJ Khaled The Formation World Tour 55,736 Big Sean, Yo Gotti, Ne-Yo, Ty Dolla $ign, Fat Joe, Remy Ma, Trey Songz, and Snoop Dogg joined DJ Khaled during the opening act. Beyoncé become the first female headliner at the stadium.[66]
August 20, 2016 Coldplay Bishop Briggs
Alessia Cara
Stargate
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 120,062 The concert was streamed in China and the Philippines.[67]
August 21, 2016 Bishop Briggs
Alessia Cara
N/A
May 20, 2017 U2 The Lumineers The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 123,164 N/A
May 21, 2017 N/A
July 29, 2017 Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Gojira
WorldWired Tour 60,509 N/A
September 16, 2017[68] Green Day Catfish and the Bottlemen Revolution Radio Tour 36,912 [69]
October 6, 2017[70] Coldplay Tove Lo
Alina Baraz
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 64,442 The proceeds from these shows went towards the relief efforts for the Central Mexico earthquake.[71]
May 18, 2018[72] Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's reputation Stadium Tour 118,084 Shawn Mendes was the surprise guest. Swift performed "There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back" with Shawn.
May 19, 2018 Troye Sivan and Selena Gomez were the surprise guests. Swift performed "My My My!" with Troye and "Hands To Myself" with Selena.
August 18, 2018[73] Ed Sheeran Snow Patrol
Anne-Marie
÷ Tour 62,321 N/A
September 22, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 106,550 N/A
September 23, 2018 N/A
May 4, 2019[74] BTS N/A BTS World Tour Love Yourself: Speak Yourself Becomes the first South Korean act to perform at The Rose Bowl.
May 5, 2019[75] N/A
May 11, 2019 The Rolling Stones TBA No Filter Tour

Other events

The stadium was used for midget car racing in the 1940s.[76]

The stadium held its first country music festival in June 1981, named A Day in the Country The event was produced by Richard Flanzer of AtlanticPacific Music.

The stadium hosted the 2007 Drum Corps International World Championships August 7 through August 11, 2007. The Rose Bowl was the final stadium to host the championship before DCI moved their corporate offices to Indianapolis with the championships being held at Lucas Oil Stadium until at least 2028. This was the first (and only) time the DCI championships had ever been held west of Denver, Colorado in the 45-year history of DCI.

It hosted auditions for the top American television show, American Idol, on August 8, 2006. The stadium has also been used as part of the music video shoot for the song "The Last Song", the second single released by the American rock band The All-American Rejects, which features the band performing the song in the middle of the stadium to an empty crowd.

The stadium's Court of Champions was the site of a "Roadblock" from season 17 of the CBS reality TV show The Amazing Race where teams had to help decorate three sections of the theme float for the 2011 New Year's Day Rose Parade.

In November 1997, the International Churches of Christ (Los Angeles) gathered at the Rose Bowl for their Worship Service, with an attendance of 17,000.[77]

Present status

CardStunt-010104-RoseBowl
Large card stunt[78] performed at the 2004 Rose Bowl Game viewed from the Southeast corner

The Rose Bowl and adjacent golf course are managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the City of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board. The Rose Bowl stadium itself runs on a yearly operational loss.[79] While it generates funds with the annual lease with UCLA ($1.5 million), the Tournament of Roses ($900,000), and a regularly hosted flea market ($900,000), it makes up the loss by relying on funds generated by the adjacent city-owned golf course ($2 million).[79] While the stadium is able to keep operating in this financial set-up, it is unable to finance many of the capital improvements it needs to be considered a modern facility, including new seats, wider aisles, additional exits, a wider concourse, a renovated press box, a state-of-the-art video scoreboard, new field lighting, additional suites and a club. The estimated cost for such improvements ranges from $250 million and $300 million.[79]

The stadium currently has long-term leases with its two major tenants, the Pasadena Tournament of Roses (2019) and UCLA (2023). In 2006, the Rose Bowl and the City of Pasadena launched a $16.3 million capital improvement program that will benefit both UCLA and the Tournament of Roses. New locker rooms for both UCLA and visiting teams, as well as a new media interview area were constructed.[17]

In April 2009, The Rose Bowl Operating Company unveiled a Rose Bowl Strategic Plan, which addressed the objectives to improve public safety; enhance fan experience; maintain national historic landmark status; develop revenue sources to fund long-term improvements; and enhance facility operations. On October 11, 2010, the Pasadena City Council approved a $152 million financing plan for the major renovation of the stadium. Groundbreaking ceremonies for the first of three phases of the project was held on January 25, 2011. The newly constructed video board was used for the June 25, 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Final.

NFL

Since losing both its local teams in the Los Angeles market in 1995, the National Football League had been looking to either start or relocate a franchise to the Los Angeles area. One of the strong candidates was a renovated Rose Bowl. However, after many years of varying offers, no deal could be struck between the NFL owners, the stadium's owner, and the City of Pasadena, following a vote of disapproval by its residents in November 2006.[79]

On November 19, 2012, Pasadena officials approved a proposal which could allow an NFL team to temporarily play in the Rose Bowl.[80][81] The Rose Bowl, however, has not acted as a home field for an NFL team. When the Los Angeles Rams moved from St. Louis prior to the 2016 NFL season, the Rose Bowl was considered as a temporary home before the Rams ultimately settled on playing in USC's Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rams' home from 1946 to 1979.

Seating and attendance records

  • Rose Bowl Game records: 1973 Rose Bowl, January 1, 1973, Attendance: 106,869. Number 1 ranked and undefeated USC vs. number 3 Ohio State. This is the stadium record, as well as the NCAA bowl game record.[2][17][29] The smallest Rose Bowl game crowd in the stadium was the 1934 Rose Bowl with 35,000 in attendance to see Columbia defeat Stanford.[29] Three days of rain had turned the stadium into a small lake, and it rained on New Year's Day in 1934, one of the few times in the history of the tournament.[82] The largest crowd to watch a Rose Bowl Game after the 1998 Rose Bowl and seating reconfiguration, was 95,173 in the 2014 Rose Bowl.
  • NFL Super Bowl record: Super Bowl XIV, Pittsburgh Steelers – Los Angeles Rams, January 20, 1980, Attendance: 103,985. This is an NFL post-season record.[83] This also stood as an overall NFL record until broken by a 1994 Pre-season game played at Estadio Azteca (Aztec Stadium) in Mexico City.[84][85]
  • 1984 Summer Olympics (Games of the XXIII Olympiad) Football (Soccer) Tournament – France defeated Brazil 2-0 in the final to win the gold medal on August 11. The attendance was 101,799 setting a record for the largest crowd for a soccer game held in the United States (since broken by a 2014 Manchester United-Real Madrid exhibition at the Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, Michigan which drew 109,318). The attendance was also the Olympic football record until the Final of the 2000 Olympic Football Tournament at the Stadium Australia in Sydney which drew 104,098.[86]
  • College football regular season record: UCLA–USC, November 19, 1988, Attendance: 100,741.[87] Undefeated second-ranked USC (9–0) and quarterback Rodney Peete met sixth-ranked UCLA (9–1) and quarterback Troy Aikman with a berth in the Rose Bowl Game on the line. Since the 1998 renovations, the largest regular season crowd was for the 2002 UCLA-USC game, with an attendance of 91,084.[87] The largest attendance for a UCLA game, with an opponent other than USC, is 88,804, for the 2000 game against the Michigan Wolverines.[87] The first game played at the Rose Bowl, on October 28, 1922 between USC and Cal had an attendance of 35,000.[88]
  • Professional soccer record: June 16, 1996: In an historic doubleheader witnessed by 92,216 fans, the U.S. National Team plays Mexico for the championship of U.S. Cup '96 followed by the conference leaders Los Angeles Galaxy vs. Tampa Bay Mutiny. The crowd was the largest ever to see a U.S. professional soccer league match.
  • 1994 FIFA World Cup: The final, held on July 17 saw Brazil defeat Italy 3-2 after a penalty shootout. Attendance was 94,194.
  • 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup: The final on July 10, 1999 was the most attended women's sports event in history with an official attendance of 90,185. The USA defeated China 5-4 in a penalty shootout.
  • 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup: 93,420 fans saw Mexico defeating the United States 4-2 in the 2011 Gold Cup Championship match on June 25, 2011.
  • Soccer, exhibition match: On August 1, 2009, an attendance of 93,137 showed up when FC Barcelona defeated the Los Angeles Galaxy 2-1 in an exhibition match, making it the largest soccer attendance in the United States since the 1994 World Cup.[89] The Tour 2014 game between Manchester United vs. Los Angeles Galaxy had a crowd of 86,432 on July 23, 2014 after recent renovation of the stadium.[90]
  • Concert: British-Irish boyband, One Direction played 3 sold out nights at the Rose Bowl in September 2014 on the same tour making them the first act ever to accomplish this.

See also

Notes

  • November 17, 2012 – The Rose Bowl press box became known as the Terry Donahue Pavilion in the fall, 2013.[91] Donahue is the winningest coach in the history of the Pac-12 Conference (known as the Pacific-10 during his coaching career).
  • June 8, 2013 – Ribbon cutting ceremony for the opening of the new pavilion with Congresswoman Judy Chu and Mayor Bill Bogaard
  • July 7, 2013 – A record 566 mariachis performed at the half-time of the first round 2013 Gold Cup game between Mexico and Panama.[92]

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b "History". Rose Bowl Stadium. Rose Bowl Stadium. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b 2002 NCAA Records book - Attendance Records Archived 2008-04-09 at the Wayback Machine page 494 (PDF)
  3. ^ "Dirt Moving For Great Stadium". Pasadena Star-News: 13. March 4, 1922.
  4. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  5. ^ Charleton, James H. (October 18, 1984). "The Rose Bowl" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places – Inventory Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
  6. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  7. ^ a b National Historic Landmarks Program - Rose Bowl Archived 2008-12-08 at the Wayback Machine United States National Park Service
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Famed Rose Bowl to host FC Barcelona v LA Galaxy". FBBARCELONA.COM. FC Barcelona. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  10. ^ "Rose Bowl Stadium". InternationalChampionsCup.com. International Champions Cup. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Stadium saucer is begun by workmen". Pasadena Star-News: 7. February 28, 1922.
  12. ^ "Vast Stadium Awaits Inaugural Throngs". Los Angeles Times. XLI: II 1. October 8, 1922.
  13. ^ HUGE FLAGSTAFF FOR PASADENA. Enormous Steel Pole 122 and ½ Feet Long Will Stand in Rose Bowl. Los Angeles Times, December 10, 1922. MONDAY afternoon at 2 o'clock the new flagstaff of the Tournament of Roses stadium, now called the Rose Bowl, will be put in place with suitable ceremony under auspices of the Pasadena Lions Club, donor of the pole.
  14. ^ a b c d e Dellins, Marc (1989), "The Rose Bowl", 1989 UCLA FOOTBALL MEDIA GUIDE, Los Angeles: UCLA Sports Information Office, p. 254
  15. ^ "Michigan Stadium Story". umich.edu. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  16. ^ University of Michigan Official Athletics site Archived 2008-01-20 at the Wayback Machine – Michigan Stadium
  17. ^ a b c d UCLA Football – 2007 UCLA Football (Media Guide). UCLA Athletic Department (2007), page 165 (PDF copy available at www.uclabruins.com)
  18. ^ Rose Bowl Stadium Archived 2009-09-07 at the Wayback Machine – History of the Rose Bowl Stadium
  19. ^ Tournament of Roses Parade FAQs Archived 2007-08-14 at the Wayback Machine. The Rose Bowl Game is a contractual sellout. In 2006, attendance was 93,986.
  20. ^ Historic information on the Rose Bowl Stadium Archived 2009-09-07 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Toby Zwikel, Noah Gold, Brian Robin, Brener Zwikel & Associates, Inc – Pasadena City Council approves $152 million renovation of iconic Rose Bowl City of Pasadena, October 12, 2010
  22. ^ a b c Piasecki, Joe – Renovation Costs at Rose Bowl now estimated at $170 million. Los Angeles Times, September 23, 2012
  23. ^ Rose Bowl America's Stadium, Los Angeles Times Advertising Supplement, August 29, 2012
  24. ^ Keith Jackson Broadcast Center Archived 2015-11-13 at the Wayback Machine, Rosebowlstadium.com, November 5, 2015
  25. ^ SI's Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century. Sports Illustrated, June 7, 1999 "The Rose Bowl is more a postcard than a stadium, designed to seduce pasty Midwesterners with the California fantasy. How many Big Ten fans tuned in on those wintry New Year's Days to gawk at the blooming bougainvillea and started packing their station wagons at halftime? "
  26. ^ Top 10 College Sports Venues: Number 1 – Rose Bowl Sports Illustrated. Text: Mallory Rubin. July 13, 2007
  27. ^ "Rose Bowl Timeline". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. Archived from the original on 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2007-11-05.
  28. ^ Zimmerman, Paul "Scene of Rose Bowl Shifted to Durham, N.C." Los Angeles Times, December 16, 1941. Perpetuation of the annual Rose Bowl intersectional football, classic was assured yesterday when the Tournament of Roses officials and Oregon State College accepted the hospitality of Duke University.
  29. ^ a b c NCAA Division 1 football records book. NCAA, 2007 Edition, pages 296-302 Major Bowl Game Attendance
  30. ^ Beth Harris, Vizio to be new Rose Bowl sponsor, AP via BusinessWeek, October 19, 2010
  31. ^ Fornelli, Tom. "Rose Bowl will not bid for 2020 College Football Playoff title game". CBS Sports. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  32. ^ a b Crowe, Jerry – "There goes the neighborhood: How UCLA stadium bid was scuttled." Los Angeles Times, November 16, 2009
  33. ^ Reich, Ken "Stadium for UCLA Given Support – Architect's Study Cites Project as 'Desirable' STADIUM SUPPORT". Los Angeles Times, November 18, 1965. UCLA officials--still reportedly trying to decide whether to recommend the building of a 44,000-seat football stadium on campus--have released details of an architectural feasibility study.
  34. ^ UCLA History Project - This Month in History Aug. 18, 1982 … A gridiron home – includes a photograph of the 1983 Rose Bowl game from an overhead shot
  35. ^ The Discovery of Anti-Matter: The autobiography of Carl David Anderson, The Youngest Man To Win the Nobel Prize. Published 1999 by World Scientific (ISBN 981-02-3680-8)
  36. ^ a b Clark, N. Brooks – This Week 12.05.83. Sports Illustrated, December 5, 1983
  37. ^ No. 1 Army vs. Navy Athlon Sports
  38. ^ Army Navy Football 1983. Score: Navy 42 – Army 13 | Game played at the Rose Bowl. United States Naval Academy Exhibits
  39. ^ "Rose Bowl, Los Angeles". FIFA.com. FIFA. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  40. ^ "Famed Rose Bowl to host FC Barcelona v LA Galaxy". FCBARCELONA.COM. FC Barcelona. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  41. ^ "1994 FIFA World Cup Final". FIFA.com. 1994-07-17. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  42. ^ "1999 FIFA Womens World Cup Final". FIFA.com. 1999-07-10. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  43. ^ http://www.ca2016.com/matches
  44. ^ http://la24-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/assets/pdf/LA2024-canditature-part2_english.pdf
  45. ^ Suter, Leanne. "Fireworks, Food, Fun found at Rose Bowl's Americafest". ABC 7 Eyewitness News. KABC-TV. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  46. ^ "Rose Bowl General Information". R.G. Canning Attractions. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  47. ^ 1932 Summer Olympics official report. p. 74.
  48. ^ Big Brother in Concert
  49. ^ "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  50. ^ Peace Sunday: We Have a Dream Concert 1982
  51. ^ "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
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  53. ^ "POP REVIEWS : A Reverence for Rock at Weekend Concerts : At Worship With Depeche Mode". latimes. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  54. ^ "POP REVIEW : Rose Bowl Victory : An Easy Cure for Neighbors to Take". latimes. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  55. ^ "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  56. ^ a b "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  57. ^ "Washingtonpost.com: Final Kick Means the World to Brazil". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
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  61. ^ Mancini, Roger (5 April 2000). "Pink Lands 'NSYNC Tour, Plans New Video". MTV News. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  62. ^ "Amusement Business – Boxscore: Top 10 Concert Grosses". Billboard. New York. 113 (33): 14. 18 August 2001. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
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  64. ^ "Billboard Boxscore (Subscriber's only)". Billboard Magazine. New York City. 2009-07-18. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
  65. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York. October 2, 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  66. ^ Peters, Mitchell (May 15, 2016). "Beyoncé Draws All-Star Crowd to Rose Bowl Concert in Los Angeles". Billboard. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  67. ^ Angeles, Peach (August 22, 2016). "Coldplay's 'A Head Full of Dreams' Concert Wows Crowd In LA & Filipino Viewers From Globe's Livestream". International Business Times. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  68. ^ "Rose Bowl – Saturday, September 16th". Green Day Official Blog. January 30, 2017. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  69. ^ Brown, August (2017-09-17). "At the Rose Bowl, Green Day turns to the personal over the political". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2017-09-18.
  70. ^ Frankel, Jillian (March 16, 2017). "Coldplay Adds Three New 2017 Tour Dates". Billboard. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  71. ^ Kreps, Daniel (7 October 2017). "See Coldplay, James Corden Sing Tom Petty's Free Fallin' at Rose Bowl". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  72. ^ Stubblebine, Allison (November 13, 2017). "Taylor Swift Announces First Round of Reputation Stadium Tour Dates". Billboard. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  73. ^ Rolli, Bryan (September 22, 2017). "Ed Sheeran Announces 2018 North American Stadium Tour Dates". Billboard. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  74. ^ Yoo, Noah (February 19, 2019). "BTS Announce World Tour". Pitchfork. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  75. ^ Herman, Tamar (March 2, 2019). "BTS Add Second 'Love Yourself: Speak Yourself' Stadium Shows in Europe, U.S. After First Dates Sell Out". Billboard. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  76. ^ "The Speedways". URA Third Annual Midget Auto Racing Year Book. Pacific Coast Speedway News: 49. 1946.
  77. ^ "Kipmckean.com – Get Your Answers Here!". Kip McKean. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  78. ^ 2004 Rose Bowl - World's Largest American Flag. YouTube. 15 May 2007. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  79. ^ a b c d Greg Johnson, $300-million fixer-upper, Los Angeles Times, January 1, 2007.
  80. ^ "Pasadena OKs plan that may bring NFL team to the Rose Bowl". Pasadena Sun. 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  81. ^ "Temporary Use of the Rose Bowl Stadium by the National Football League". City of Pasadena. 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  82. ^ Palladino, Lisa – OBITUARIES: Cliff Montgomery ’34, Rose Bowl Quarterback Archived 2007-09-03 at the Wayback Machine. Columbia College Today, July 2005
  83. ^ Showdown in Motown Archived 2007-07-01 at the Wayback Machine by Gil Brant, Feb. 2, 2006
  84. ^ Tom Weir – Cardinals deep-six 49ers in historic tilt in Mexico. October 3, 2005, USA Today. Total attendance for record reguklar season game in Mexico City Azteca Stadium is 103,467 breaking the record of 102,368 who saw the Rams play the 49ers on Nov. 10, 1957, at the Los Angeles Coliseum.
  85. ^ Tom Weir – Mexico gets ready for football, not futbol. September 25, 2005, USA Today. quote:A 1994 Houston-Dallas exhibition drew a still-standing NFL record 112,376 to Estadio Azteca
  86. ^ 2000 Olympic Games Football
  87. ^ a b c UCLA Football – 2007 UCLA Football (Media Guide). UCLA Athletic Department (2007), page 149 (PDF copy available at www.uclabruins.com). Note that the UCLA Bruins have played in six Rose Bowl games with larger crowds: 1956, 1976, 1983, 1984, 1986 and 1994.
  88. ^ USC 2012 Football Media Guide
  89. ^ FC Barcelona tops Galaxy in front of 93,137 at Rose Bowl Archived 2009-08-11 at the Wayback Machine
  90. ^ Steve Ramirez, "Manchester United routs L.A. Galaxy 7-0 at Pasadena's Rose Bowl", Pasadena Star-News, July 23, 2014.
  91. ^ Rose Bowl Stadium Renames Press Box Terry Donahue Pavilion Archived 2012-11-19 at the Wayback Machine, UCLABruins.com, November 17, 2012
  92. ^ David Zahniser, Mariachi Guinness World Record broken at Rose Bowl, Los Angeles Times, July 7, 2013

External links

Media related to Rose Bowl at Wikimedia Commons

1923 Rose Bowl

The 1923 Rose Bowl, played on January 1, 1923, was an American Football bowl game. It was the 9th Rose Bowl Game. The USC Trojans defeated the Penn State Nittany Lions 14-3. Leo Calland, a USC guard, was named the Rose Bowl Player of the Game when the award was created in 1953 and selections were made retroactively. It was the first bowl game appearance for both the University of Southern California and Pennsylvania State University football teams. It was also the first Tournament of Roses football game held in the newly constructed Rose Bowl Stadium, although games had been played in it prior to this game.

1924 Rose Bowl

The 1924 Rose Bowl was a postseason American college football bowl game played between the independent Navy Midshipmen and the Washington Huskies, a member of the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC). The game took place on January 1, 1924, at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California, closing the 1923 college football season. The game opened in front of approximately 40,000 people and ended in a 14–14 tie. It was the first post-season bowl game for both teams. The 1924 game was the tenth edition of the Rose Bowl, which had first been played in 1902. Following the inaugural game's blowout score, football was replaced with chariot races until 1916. The Rose Bowl stadium had been constructed in 1923, making this edition the second game played in the arena.

The game's organizers had previously selected a team from the East Coast and the West Coast, and asked the Washington Huskies to represent the West Coast. Washington requested that the Navy Midshipmen be their opponents, and Navy accepted. Washington selected Navy in favor of several teams from the east which had amassed better records. Both teams had suffered only a single loss during the season, but Washington had won eight games compared with Navy's five, although Navy had also amassed two ties. Predictions gave Washington a slight advantage in the game due to the weight difference between the teams: the Washington players were on average 10 pounds (4.5 kg) heavier than those of Navy.

The game kicked off in the afternoon; heavy rain showers had fallen the day before, causing a slight delay. The first quarter was scoreless, but Navy scored a touchdown on the first play of the second quarter. Washington answered Navy with a 23-yard touchdown run on the next drive. Near the end of the second quarter, Navy scored a touchdown on a two-yard run, giving them a 14–7 halftime lead. The third quarter was a defensive stalemate as neither team scored. Navy fumbled the ball on their own ten-yard line late in the quarter. Four plays afterward, Washington tied the game on a 12-yard touchdown pass. Navy threw an interception at midfield, and Washington drove down to the Navy 20-yard line before attempting a game-winning field goal. The kick missed and the game ended shortly afterwards.

For his performance in the game, Navy quarterback Ira McKee was named the Most Valuable Player. Navy led in nearly every statistical aspect of the contest. Washington returned to the Rose Bowl at the end of the 1925 season, falling to the Alabama Crimson Tide 20–19. Navy did not participate in another bowl game until 1955, when their squad, nicknamed the "team named desire", upset the Ole Miss Rebels in the Sugar Bowl. Since the 1924 Rose Bowl, Navy and Washington have met five more times; the Huskies won three of the games.

1934 Rose Bowl

The 1934 Rose Bowl, played on January 1, 1934, was an American football bowl game. It was the 20th Rose Bowl Game. The Columbia Lions defeated the Stanford Indians (now Cardinal) 7-0. Cliff Montgomery, the Columbia quarterback, was named the Rose Bowl Player Of The Game when the award was created in 1953 and selections were made retroactively. At 35,000, it has the lowest attendance in the Rose Bowl game since the Rose Bowl Stadium was built in 1922. This was one of the few rainy New Year's Day celebrations in Pasadena, California. Rain three days before had turned the Rose Bowl stadium into a small lake.

1943 Rose Bowl

The 1943 Rose Bowl game, played on January 1, 1943, was the 29th Rose Bowl game. The University of Georgia Bulldogs defeated the UCLA Bruins 9-0. The game returned to the Rose Bowl stadium after being played at Duke Stadium the year before. Charley Trippi of Georgia was named the Rose Bowl Player of the Game when the award was created in 1953 and selections were made retroactively.After the 1942 Allied victory in the Battle of Midway and the end of the Japanese offensives in the Pacific Theater during 1942, it was deemed that the West Coast was no longer vulnerable to attack, and the Rose Bowl game continued on in the Rose Bowl Stadium. Few Georgia fans were able to make the trip because of travel restrictions. There were a large number of military servicemen in attendance. The Tournament of Roses parade itself still was not held due to the war. Due to the number of American servicemen stationed in Australia, the game was broadcast live on Australian radio.

1981 Rose Bowl

The 1981 Rose Bowl was the 67th Rose Bowl game and was played on January 1, 1981, at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California. The game featured the Michigan Wolverines beating the Washington Huskies by a score of 23–6. The game marked the first time Michigan Coach Bo Schembechler won a bowl game after seven prior bowl game losses.

1983 Rose Bowl

The 1983 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game, played on January 1, 1983. It was the 69th Rose Bowl Game. The UCLA Bruins defeated the Michigan Wolverines by a score of 24–14 in a bowl rematch of a regular season game also won by UCLA. Tom Ramsey, UCLA quarterback and Don Rogers, UCLA defensive back, were named the Rose Bowl Players Of The Game. This was the first season that the UCLA Bruins played in the Rose Bowl stadium as their home stadium, where they were undefeated.

1998 Rose Bowl

The 1998 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game played on January 1, 1998, at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California. It was the 84th Rose Bowl Game. The game featured Michigan beating Washington State by a score of 21–16. Brian Griese was named the Rose Bowl Player of the Game. The following season the Rose Bowl would become part of the newly formed Bowl Championship Series (BCS). This was also the final year that the game was not branded with corporate sponsorship.

1999 Rose Bowl

The 1999 Rose Bowl was the 85th Rose Bowl game and was played on Friday January 1, 1999, at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California. It was a college football bowl game at the end of the 1998 NCAA Division I-A football season. Wisconsin defeated UCLA by a score of 38–31. Ron Dayne of Wisconsin was named the Rose Bowl Player of the Game. He tied a modern Rose Bowl record with four touchdowns. This was the first year that the Rose Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series, ending a long-standing agreement between the Big Ten and the "West Representative" (PCC/AAWU) and the first year that the game was branded with corporate sponsorship. Unlike the other bowl games, the sponsor was not added to the title of the game, but instead as a presenter, so it became known as The Rose Bowl Game presented by AT&T.

2000 Rose Bowl

The 2000 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game played on January 1, 2000. It was the 86th Rose Bowl game and was played on January 1, 2000 at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California. The game featured the Wisconsin Badgers defeating the Stanford Cardinal by a score of 17–9. Ron Dayne, the Wisconsin running back, was named the Rose Bowl Player of the Game for the second consecutive year.

2008 Rose Bowl

The 2008 Rose Bowl Game presented by Citi, the 94th Rose Bowl Game, played on January 1, 2008 at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California, was a college football bowl game. The contest was televised on ABC, the 20th straight year the network aired the Rose Bowl, starting at 4:30pm EST. The game's main sponsor was Citi.

The 2008 Rose Bowl featured the 7th-ranked USC Trojans hosting the 13th-ranked Illinois Fighting Illini. As with the previous year's game, the contest was a semi-traditional Rose Bowl in that while it was a Big Ten versus Pac-10 matchup, the Big Ten representative was an at-large team because the conference champion, Ohio State, which lost to Illinois earlier in the season, was selected to play in the BCS National Championship Game.

USC was making its third straight appearance in the Rose Bowl, while Illinois had not played in the game since 1984. Though Illinois won the Big Ten Conference title in 2001, the then-rotating BCS title game moved them to the Sugar Bowl.

2019 Rose Bowl

The 2019 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game played on January 1, 2019 at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California. It was the 105th edition of the Rose Bowl Game, and one of the 2018–19 bowl games concluding the 2018 FBS football season. The game matched the Big Ten champion Ohio State Buckeyes against the Pac-12 champion Washington Huskies. Ohio State won the game, 28–23, to capture its eighth Rose Bowl championship in program history. Ohio State head coach Urban Meyer announced retirement from coaching the month before, making the 2019 Rose Bowl his final game. Sponsored by the Northwestern Mutual financial services organization, the game was officially known as the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual.

Bowl game

In North America, a bowl game is one of a number of post-season college football games that are primarily played by teams belonging to the NCAA's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). For most of its history, the Division I Bowl Subdivision had avoided using a playoff tournament to determine an annual national champion, which was instead traditionally determined by a vote of sports writers and other non-players. In place of such a playoff, various cities across the United States developed their own regional festivals featuring post-season college football games. Prior to 2002, bowl game statistics were not included in players' career totals and the games were mostly considered to be exhibition games involving a payout to participating teams. Despite attempts to establish a permanent system to determine the FBS national champion on the field (such as the Bowl Coalition from 1992 to 1994, the Bowl Alliance from 1995 to 1997, the Bowl Championship Series from 1998 to 2013, and the College Football Playoff from 2014 to the present), various bowl games continue to be held because of the vested economic interests entrenched in them.

Bowl games originally featured the very best teams in college football, with strict bowl eligibility requirements for teams to receive an invitation to a bowl game in a particular year; as of 1971, there were only 10 team-competitive (as compared to all-star) bowl games. The number of bowl games has grown, reaching 20 games by the 1997 season, then rapidly expanding beyond 30 games by the 2006 season and 40 team-competitive games (not including the College Football Playoff National Championship) by the 2015 season. The increase in bowl games has necessitated a significant easing of the NCAA bowl eligibility rules, since reduced to allow teams with non-winning 6–6 records (numerous teams since 2002 season) and even losing 5–6 and 5–7 seasons (10 teams since the 2001 season) to fill some of the many available bowl slots.

The term "bowl" originated from the Rose Bowl stadium, site of the first post-season college football games. The Rose Bowl Stadium, in turn, takes its name and bowl-shaped design from the Yale Bowl, the prototype of many football stadiums in the United States. The term has since become almost synonymous with any major American football event, generally collegiate football with some significant exceptions. Two examples are the Egg Bowl, the name of the annual matchup between the Mississippi State Bulldogs and the Ole Miss Rebels, and the Iron Bowl, a nickname given to the annual game between the Alabama Crimson Tide and the Auburn Tigers. In professional football, the names of the National Football League (NFL)'s "Super Bowl" and "Pro Bowl" are references to college football bowl games.

The use of the term has crossed over into professional and collegiate Canadian football. A notable example is the annual Banjo Bowl between the Winnipeg Blue Bombers and Saskatchewan Roughriders of the Canadian Football League (CFL). U Sports plays two semi-final "bowl games" before the Vanier Cup national championship game, the Uteck Bowl and the Mitchell Bowl. The matchups are determined on a conference rotation basis, with the Uteck Bowl being played at the easternmost host team, while the Mitchell is at the westernmost host team.

Brookside Golf Course

Brookside Golf Course is a municipal golf facility in the western United States, located in southern California in Pasadena. Adjacent to the Rose Bowl stadium in the city's Arroyo Seco Natural Park, the 36-hole facility offers the C.W. Koiner Course (#1) and the shorter E.O. Nay Course (#2), divided by the concrete-channeled Arroyo Seco.

Both courses were designed by architect William P. Bell and the complex features a restaurant, banquet facilities, meeting rooms, pro shop, two practice putting greens, a chipping area, a practice bunker, and a driving range. The course hosted the Los Angeles Open on the PGA Tour in 1968, won by Billy Casper in late January.

Joel Aguilar

Joel Antonio Aguilar Chicas (born July 2, 1975) is a Salvadoran football referee. He has been a full international referee for FIFA since 2001.

Aguilar was selected as a referee for the 2007 FIFA Under-20 World Cup in Canada, where he refereed the matches between the United States and South Korea on June 30, 2007, New Zealand and Gambia on July 5, 2007, and Austria and Chile on July 8, 2007. Aguilar was selected as a reserve official for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Therefore, he did not officiate in any matches during the tournament except as a 4th official.

Aguilar was selected as a referee for the first leg of the 2011 CONCACAF Champions League Final, contested by Rayados de Monterrey and Real Salt Lake in Monterrey, Mexico. Also in 2011, he was selected for the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup including the Final at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California. On January 14, 2014, the FIFA Referees Committee appointed Aguilar as one of the referees to officiate at the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. He was once again selected to referee matches at the 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup, and for the third Gold Cup in a row, he was selected to referee the final match. On January 22, 2016, he was named CONCACAF 2015 Male Referee of the Year.Aguilar was named as one of the match referees for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.Aguilar has officiated in various international tournaments at both the club and international level, such as:

11 Salvadoran League finals

International Friendlies

2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup

2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup

2007 FIFA U-17 World Cup

2007 North American SuperLiga

2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup

2010 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)

2010 FIFA World Cup

2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup (including the Final)

2011 CONCACAF Champions League Final

2011 FIFA Club World Cup

2013 FIFA Confederations Cup

2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup (including the Final)

2014 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)

2014 FIFA World Cup

2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup (including the Final)

2015 CONCACAF Cup

2016 Copa América Centenario

2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup

2018 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)

2018 FIFA World Cup

List of Super Bowl head coaches

This is a list of Super Bowl head coaches.

Memorial Park station

Memorial Park is a below-grade light rail station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It is located at Holly Street and Arroyo Parkway in Pasadena, California. The station is served by the Gold Line.Situated on the northern edge of Old Town Pasadena, Memorial Park Station is located in a trench beneath the Holly Street Village Apartments, which were constructed in 1994 in anticipation of a light rail station at this site. This station features station art called The First Artists in Southern California: A Short Story, created by artist John Valadez.

It is one of the Gold Line stations near the Rose Parade route on Colorado Boulevard and is heavily used by people coming to see the parade and to take the shuttle to the UCLA football games and the Rose Bowl Game at the Rose Bowl stadium. During the 2028 Summer Olympics, the station will serve spectators traveling to and from the Rose Bowl.

Rose Bowl

Rose Bowl or Rosebowl may refer to:

Rose Bowl Game, an annual American college football game

Rose Bowl (stadium), Pasadena, California, site of the football game

Rose Bowl (cricket ground), West End, Hampshire, England

Rose Bowl (horse) (1972–1994)

Rose Bowl Aquatics Center, Pasadena, California

Rose Bowl series, a women's cricket series between Australia and New Zealand

Rosebowl (channel), an Indian cable channel

Rose Bowl (film), a 1936 American film

Rose Bowl Stakes, a horse race in Newbury, Berkshire, England

Rose Bowl Aquatics Center

The Rose Bowl Aquatics Center is a pool facility located in Pasadena, California adjacent to the Rose Bowl Stadium. It is best known as the training facility for the Rose Bowl Aquatics swim club, as well as Rose Bowl Masters swimming, Rose Bowl diving teams, and the Rose Bowl water polo club.

Rose Bowl Game

The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Year's Day) at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2 (15 times now). The Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All" because it is the oldest bowl game. It was first played in 1902 as the Tournament East–West football game, and has been played annually since 1916. Since 1945, it has been the highest attended college football bowl game. It is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which also includes the historic Rose Parade.

Since 2015, the game has been sponsored by Northwestern Mutual and officially known as the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual. In 2015 and 2018, the game was also officially known as the College Football Playoff semifinal at the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual. Previous sponsors include Vizio (2011–2014), Citi (2004–2010), Sony/PlayStation 2 (2003), and AT&T (1999–2002)

The Rose Bowl Game has traditionally hosted the conference champions from the Big Ten and Pac-12 conferences (or their predecessors), but because of its past and present membership in two consortia that seek to determine a national champion in Division I FBS, in 2002, the Rose Bowl began to infrequently deviate from its traditional match-up in order to facilitate championship games. In 2002 and 2006 (2001 and 2005 football seasons), under the Bowl Championship Series system, the Rose Bowl was designated as its championship game, and hosted the top two teams determined by the BCS system. Beginning in 2015, the Rose Bowl has been part of the College Football Playoff and hosts one of its semifinal games every three years. During non-Playoff years, the Rose Bowl reverts to its traditional Pac-12/Big Ten matchup.

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Tournament Park
Wallace Wade Stadium
Site of the
Rose Bowl Game

1923 – 1941
1943 – present
Succeeded by
Wallace Wade Stadium
Current
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the
Los Angeles Galaxy

1996 – 2002
Succeeded by
Home Depot Center
Preceded by
RFK Stadium
Host of the
MLS Cup

1998
Succeeded by
Foxboro Stadium
Preceded by
Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl
Pontiac Silverdome
Louisiana Superdome
Metrodome
Host of the Super Bowl
XI 1977
XIV 1980
XVII 1983
XXI 1987
XXVII 1993
Succeeded by
Louisiana Superdome
Louisiana Superdome
Tampa Stadium
Jack Murphy Stadium
Georgia Dome
Preceded by
Lenin Stadium
Moscow
Summer Olympics
Football Men's Finals (Rose Bowl)

1984
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

1994
Succeeded by
Stade de France
Paris
Preceded by
Råsunda Stadium
Stockholm
FIFA Women's World Cup
Final venue

1999
Succeeded by
Home Depot Center
Carson
Preceded by
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Final Venue

2002
Succeeded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
Preceded by
Giants Stadium
East Rutherford
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Final Venue

2011
Succeeded by
Soldier Field
Chicago
Preceded by
Camp Randall Stadium
Host of the Drum Corps International World Championship
2007
Succeeded by
Memorial Stadium, Bloomington
Preceded by
Pro Player Stadium
Pro Player Stadium
Dolphin Stadium
Sun Life Stadium
Host of the BCS National Championship Game
2002
2006
2010
2014
Succeeded by
Sun Devil Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
last stadium

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