Ron Guidry

Ronald Ames Guidry (/ˈɡɪdri/; born August 28, 1950), nicknamed "Louisiana Lightning" and "Gator",[1] is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) left-handed pitcher who played his entire 14-year career for the New York Yankees of the American League (AL). Guidry was also the pitching coach of the Yankees from 2006 to 2007.

Guidry's major league career began in 1975. He was a member of World Series-winning Yankees teams in 1977 and 1978. He won the AL Cy Young Award in 1978, winning 25 games and losing only 3. He also won five Gold Glove Awards and appeared in four All-Star games. Guidry served as captain of the Yankees beginning in 1986; he retired from baseball in 1989. In 2003, the Yankees retired Guidry's uniform number (49) and dedicated a plaque to him in Monument Park.

Ron Guidry
Ron Guidry 05122013
Ron Guidry autographing a baseball at the Yogi Berra Museum and Learning Center on May 12, 2013
Pitcher
Born: August 28, 1950 (age 68)
Lafayette, Louisiana
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
July 27, 1975, for the New York Yankees
Last MLB appearance
September 27, 1988, for the New York Yankees
MLB statistics
Win–loss record170–91
Earned run average3.29
Strikeouts1,778
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Guidry was born in Lafayette, Louisiana. He attended and pitched for the University of Southwestern Louisiana. He was a combined 12–5 with a 2.03 earned run average (ERA) and 137 strikeouts as a two-year letterman with the Ragin' Cajuns baseball team in 1969 and 1970.[2]

Playing career

Guidry was selected in the third round (67th overall) by the New York Yankees in the 1971 MLB draft.[3] After four seasons in the minor leagues, he pitched briefly in the major leagues in the 1975 and 1976 seasons.[4] He was nearly sent to the Baltimore Orioles as part of a trade deadline deal on June 15, 1976, but the Yankees did not want to give up any more left-handed pitchers beyond the three (Scott McGregor, Tippy Martinez and Rudy May) that they had already included in the deal.[5]

In 1977, Guidry began the season as a relief pitcher but was moved into the Yankees' starting rotation. Guidry finished the season with a 16–7 record.[6] He helped lead the Yankees to a World Series championship.[7]

In 1978, Guidry posted a career year that has been described as the all-time best season by a Yankees pitcher.[8] Against the California Angels on June 17, he struck out a Yankee-record 18 batters.[9] Guidry's 18-strikeout performance is usually cited as the launching pad of the Yankee Stadium tradition of fans standing and clapping for a strikeout with two strikes on the opposing batter.[10] For the season, Guidry went 25-3,[11] in a season that is among the top 10 for winning percentage in baseball history. He led the league with a 1.74 ERA, a .893 winning percentage, nine shutouts, and 248 strikeouts.[11] Guidry's success during 1978 was due in large part to his mastery of the slider.[1] His 248 strikeouts set a Yankees' team record for most strikeouts notched by a pitcher in a single season.[12]

Guidry's 25th win of the 1978 regular season was his most significant, as it came in the Yankees' 5–4 win over the Boston Red Sox in a one-game playoff at Fenway Park in Boston to determine the American League East division winner. The game is best known for Bucky Dent's seventh-inning, three-run home run that gave the Yankees a 3–2 lead.[13] Later that month, the Yankees again won the World Series over the Los Angeles Dodgers.[11] Guidry won the 1978 American League Cy Young Award unanimously.[10] He also finished second in the American League Most Valuable Player voting to Boston Red Sox slugger Jim Rice.[14] In addition, Guidry was named The Sporting News AL Pitcher and Major League Player of the Year.[11]

Guidry was named to the American League All-Star Team in 1978, 1979, 1982, and 1983.[15] Known as an excellent fielder,[16] Guidry won a Gold Glove each year from 1982 through 1986.[15] In 1984, Guidry won the Roberto Clemente Award,[17] given annually to the Major Leaguer who "'best exemplifies the game of baseball, sportsmanship, community involvement and the individual’s contribution to his team.'"[18]

On August 7, 1984, Guidry struck out three batters (Carlton Fisk, Tom Paciorek and Greg Luzinski) on nine pitches in the ninth inning of a 7–0 win over the Chicago White Sox. Guidry became the eighth American League pitcher and the 20th pitcher in Major League history to accomplish the so-called "immaculate inning."[19] In 1985, he led the American League with 22 wins.[20] Guidry and Willie Randolph were named co-captains of the Yankees on March 4, 1986.[21]

The latter years of Guidry's 14-year major league career were hindered by shoulder and elbow injuries.[22] He retired from baseball on July 12, 1989.[23]

RonGuidry49
Ron Guidry's number 49 was retired by the New York Yankees in 2003.

Guidry's number 49 was retired on August 23, 2003. The Yankees also dedicated a plaque to Guidry in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium. The plaque calls Guidry "a dominating pitcher", a "respected leader", and "a true Yankee." Each living Yankee previously honored with a plaque in Monument Park was on hand for the ceremony: Phil Rizzuto, Yogi Berra, Whitey Ford, Reggie Jackson and Don Mattingly.[24]

Coaching career

Guidry joined Yankees manager Joe Torre's coaching staff as pitching coach in the 2006 season, replacing Mel Stottlemyre.[25] Guidry was criticized in 2007 because the Yankees' highly acclaimed pitching staff was underachieving.[26] In 2007, Yankees pitchers walked the sixth-most batters overall in the Major Leagues; this was the most walks in a season for a Yankees pitching staff since 2000. Torre's departure from the Yankees following the 2007 season ended Guidry's tenure as pitching coach. Though he was interested in returning to the Yankees for the 2008 season, he was not offered a position on new manager Joe Girardi's coaching staff.[27] He did return to the Yankees as a spring training instructor.[28]

Former New York Times writer Harvey Araton wrote a book called Driving Mr. Yogi: Yogi Berra, Ron Guidry, and Baseball's Greatest Gift that profiles the friendship Guidry had with Yankees' Hall of Fame catcher (and Guidry's former coach and manager) Yogi Berra.[29]

Career statistics

W L PCT ERA G GS CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB SO HBP WP BF WHIP
170 91 .651 3.29 368 323 95 26 4 2392 2198 953 874 226 633 1778 13 56 9794 1.184

See also

Sources

  1. ^ a b Grossman, Evan (August 24, 2003). "GUIDRY, YANKS CAUGHT LIGHTNING IN BOTTLE". NYPost.com. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  2. ^ "2016 Baseball Media Guide". Louisiana Athletics. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  3. ^ "Cajuns in the MLB Draft". Louisiana Athletics. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  4. ^ "Ron Guidry Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  5. ^ Chass, Murray. "Players Swap Memories of Yankees-Orioles 10-Player Trade", The New York Times, Sunday, June 15, 1986.
  6. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/sports/1977/10/16/up-down-guidry-now-up/3c53bf4b-56bb-45b6-9a95-4d5d8851199f/
  7. ^ Sbalcio, Chris. "MLB Power Rankings: New York Yankees' 25 Greatest Pitchers in Team History". Bleacher Report. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  8. ^ Friend, Harold. "Ron Guidry (25-3) Had a Better Season Than Jack Chesbro (41-12) for the Yankees". Bleacher Report. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  9. ^ "Yankees Single Game Records | yankees.com: History". Newyork.yankees.mlb.com. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  10. ^ a b "Remembering Ron Guidry's amazing 1978 season". MLB.com. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d "Ron Guidry Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  12. ^ "Yanks' new strikeout king? Severino chases Louisiana Lightning". ESPN.com. July 1, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  13. ^ "Baseball's Best | MLB.com: Programming". Mlb.mlb.com. October 2, 1978. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  14. ^ Eskenazi, Gerald (November 8, 1978). "Rice Is MVP., Guidry 2d". Retrieved April 6, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  15. ^ a b "Special jerseys part of UL's Ron Guidry Weekend". The Advertiser. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  16. ^ Moses, Sam. "YANKEE FROM LOUISIANA". Vault. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  17. ^ Chass, Murray (February 14, 1984). "Guidry Reluctant to Relieve". Retrieved April 6, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  18. ^ Calcaterra, Craig (September 4, 2018). "Roberto Clemente Award Nominees announced". NBCSports.com. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  19. ^ "9 Pitches – 9 Strikes – 3 Outs / Immaculate Innings by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  20. ^ Writer, TIM ROSAFORTE, Staff. "YANKEE TRADITION MERE WORDS WITHOUT GUIDRY". Sun-Sentinel.com. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  21. ^ "Yankees GM: Derek Jeter should be the last team captain". USA TODAY. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  22. ^ Chass, Murray (July 11, 1989). "Guidry To Retire As Yanks Spurn Bid". Retrieved April 6, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  23. ^ Loubier, R. J. (July 12, 2016). "On this day in Yankees history - Ron Guidry retires". BronxPinstripes.com. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  24. ^ "Guidry's number retired". Chicago Tribune. August 24, 2003. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  25. ^ "Brian Cashman: New York Yankees GM Is Digging His Own Grave". Bleacher Report. April 15, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  26. ^ "The First 19 Games Under Torre A Clue To Yankees Pitching?". WasWatching.com. April 25, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  27. ^ Brescia, Joe (December 23, 2007). "Guidry Hopes He's Wearing Pinstripes in the Spring". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  28. ^ "Breaking News, World News & Multimedia". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  29. ^ Driving Mr. Yogi: Yogi Berra, Ron Guidry, and Baseball's Greatest Gift (9780547746722): Harvey Araton: Books. Amazon.com. ISBN 0547746725.

External links

Preceded by
Mel Stottlemyre
New York Yankees pitching coach
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Dave Eiland
1978 American League Championship Series

The 1978 American League Championship Series was held between the New York Yankees and the Kansas City Royals for the third consecutive year.

1978 American League East tie-breaker game

The 1978 American League East tie-breaker game was a one-game extension to Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1978 regular season, played between the rival New York Yankees and Boston Red Sox to determine the winner of the American League's (AL) East Division. The game was played at Fenway Park in Boston, on the afternoon of Monday, October 2.

The tie-breaker was necessitated after the Yankees and Red Sox finished the season tied for first place in the AL East with identical 99–63 (.611) records. Entering the final day of the season on Sunday, the Yankees had a one-game lead: they lost 9–2 to Cleveland while Boston shut out Toronto 5–0 to force the playoff. The Red Sox were the home team by virtue of a coin toss. In baseball statistics, the tie-breaker counted as the 163rd regular season game for both teams, with all events in the game added to regular season statistics.

Ron Guidry started for the Yankees, while Mike Torrez started for the Red Sox. The Yankees fell behind 2–0, with a home run by Carl Yastrzemski and an RBI single by Jim Rice. The Yankees took the lead in the seventh on a three-run home run by Bucky Dent. The Yankees defeated the Red Sox 5–4, with Guidry getting the win, while Goose Gossage recorded a save. With the victory, the Yankees finished the regular season with a 100–63 (.613) record, and clinched the AL East championship, en route to winning the World Series. This was the first tie-breaker to be contested after the introduction of divisional play in 1969. As of 2018, the '78 Yankees remain the last team to have won the World Series after playing a tiebreaker.

1978 Major League Baseball season

The 1978 Major League Baseball season saw the New York Yankees defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers to win their second consecutive World Series, and 22nd overall, in a rematch of the prior season's Fall Classic. The Yankees overcame clubhouse turmoil, a mid-season managerial change, and a 14-game mid-July deficit in the American League East en route to the championship. All four teams that made the playoffs in 1977 returned for this postseason; none of the four would return to the postseason in 1979.

1978 New York Yankees season

The 1978 New York Yankees season was the 76th season for the Yankees. The team finished with a record of 100–63, finishing one game ahead of the Boston Red Sox to win their third American League East title. The two teams were tied after 162 games, leading to a one-game playoff, which the Yankees won.

In the ALCS, they defeated the Kansas City Royals in 4 games. In the World Series, they defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers in 6 games in a rematch of the 1977 World Series. New York was managed by Billy Martin, Dick Howser and Bob Lemon. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium.

The season was tumultuous for the Yankees, as Jackson was suspended in a midseason showdown with Billy Martin, which later resulted in Martin resigning mid-season. For television viewers of the Bronx Bombers, it was the first season to be broadcast nationwide via satellite via WPIX, which that year became a superstation as well partly in response to Ted Turner's WTCG-TV nationwide broadcasts of the Atlanta Braves beginning on Opening Day of 1977. WPIX remained the team's exclusive broadcast partner for the Greater New York television viewers on FTA television and the by now superstation status and satellite broadcasts finally enabled millions all over the country to watch Yankees home and away games live as they happened.

1978 World Series

The 1978 World Series matched the defending champions New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers in a rematch of the previous year's World Series, with the Yankees winning in six games, just like the previous year, to repeat as champions. As of 2018, it remains the most recent World Series to feature a rematch of the previous season's matchup.1978 was the first of ten consecutive years that saw ten different teams win the World Series. The Los Angeles Dodgers would break the string with a World Series win in 1988 (as they won in the 1981 World Series).

This Series had two memorable confrontations between Dodger rookie pitcher Bob Welch and the Yankees' Reggie Jackson. In Game 2, Welch struck Jackson out in the top of the ninth with two outs and the tying and go-ahead runs on base to end the game. Jackson would avenge the strikeout, when in Game 4 he singled off Welch which moved Roy White to second, from which White would score the game winning run on a Lou Piniella single to tie the series at 2-2. In Game 6, Jackson smashed a two-run homer off Welch in the seventh to increase the Yankees' lead to 7–2 and put a final "exclamation point" on the Yankees' victory to win the series.

1978 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1978 throughout the world.

1979 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1979 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 50th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues constituting Major League Baseball.

It was held on Tuesday, July 17, at the Kingdome in Seattle, Washington, the home of the third-year Seattle Mariners of the American League. The National League won 7–6 for their eighth consecutive win.

The game featured memorable defensive play by outfielder Dave Parker, as he had two assists on putouts: one at third base and one at home plate. With Parker receiving the MVP award for this game, and teammate Willie Stargell winning the National League MVP, NLCS MVP, and World Series MVP, all four possible MVP awards for the season were won by members of the Pittsburgh Pirates. The game was also notable for the play of Lee Mazzilli, providing the margin of victory. In his only All Star appearance, Mazzilli tied the game in the eighth inning with a pinch hit home run off of Jim Kern of the Texas Rangers, and then put the National League ahead for good in the ninth, drawing a bases-loaded walk against Ron Guidry of the New York Yankees.

This was the only time the Kingdome hosted the All-Star Game. When it returned to Seattle for a second time in 2001, the Mariners had moved to their new home at Safeco Field.

1979 New York Yankees season

The 1979 New York Yankees season was the 77th season for the franchise in New York and its 79th season overall. The season was marked by the death of their starting catcher, Thurman Munson, on August 2. The team finished with a record of 89-71, finishing fourth in the American League East, 13.5 games behind the Baltimore Orioles, ending the Yankees' three-year domination of the AL East. New York was managed by Billy Martin, and Bob Lemon. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. With the end of the Munson period within this season, a new era was about to unfold as this season would prove to be the first time ever for the Yankees to broadcast their games on cable within New York City and surrounding areas, the first ever MLB team to do so, starting Opening Day that year, all Yankees games save for the nationally aired games were broadcast on the then 3-year old cable channel SportsChannel NY aside from the usual WPIX telecast for free to air television viewers in the New York area and nationwide via satellite and cable.

1982 New York Yankees season

The New York Yankees' 1982 season was the 80th season for the Yankees. The team finished in fifth place in the American League Eastern Division with a record of 79–83, finishing 16 games behind the AL Champion Milwaukee Brewers. As a result, the Yankees endured their first losing season since going 80–82 in 1973, the team's final season at the original Yankee Stadium before the 1976 renovations. The Yankees were managed by Gene Michael, Bob Lemon, and Clyde King. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium.

Mel Allen, the long time Yankees play-by-play commentator, returned that season this time as a cable PBP man for the Yankees broadcasts on SportsChannel NY with Fran Healy. He had been a familiar face to many for several years now since his return to television in 1975 as the voice-over narrator and presenter for the hit program This Week in Baseball.

1984 New York Yankees season

The New York Yankees' 1984 season was the 82nd season for the Yankees. The team finished in third place in the American League Eastern Division with a record of 87-75, finishing 17 games behind the Detroit Tigers. New York was managed by Yogi Berra. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium.

Atley Donald

Richard Atley Donald (August 19, 1910 – October 19, 1992) was a Major League Baseball pitcher. A native of Morton, Mississippi, the right-hander played for the New York Yankees from 1938 to 1945. "Swampy", as he was nicknamed, stood 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) and weighed 186 lbs.

Donald was usually a fourth or fifth starter during his career, and sometimes used in relief. The Yankees won two American League pennants while he was on their staff (1941 and 1942), winning the 1941 World Series against the Brooklyn Dodgers.

He made his major league debut on April 21, 1938 in a start against the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park. The Yankees lost 3–2, as Bosox starting pitcher Johnny Marcum earned the win. He started in one more game for New York that season, then returned to the minor league Newark Bears.

Donald was back for good in 1939, and set a league record for consecutive wins by a rookie. On July 25 he defeated the St. Louis Browns 5–1, increasing his record to a perfect 12–0. He finished the season 13–3 with an earned run average of 3.71 and led the league in winning percentage (.813).

He remained a consistent winner throughout the remainder of his career and never had a losing season after going 0–1 in 1938. He finished in the league's top ten twice more for winning percentage (1941 and 1942) with records of 9–5 and 11–3, respectively. In two World Series appearances, however, he was 0–1 with a 7.71 ERA. In 1943 or 44 he was reported to be the fastest pitcher ever, with fast balls measured at 98 mph.

Beset by eye and elbow injuries and now 34 years old, Donald made his last major league appearance on July 13, 1945. His season record was 5–4 with the lowest ERA of his career, 2.97.

Career totals include a 65–33 record (.663) in 153 games pitched, 115 games started, 54 complete games, 6 shutouts, 28 games finished, 1 save, and an ERA of 3.52. In 932.1 innings pitched he struck out 369 and walked 369. He hit .160 in 356 at bats with one home run and 23 RBI.

Donald was a Yankee scout for many years after retiring as a player. He played college baseball for Louisiana Tech. He died at the age of 82 in West Monroe, Louisiana. Donald scouted New York Yankee pitcher Ron Guidry. In 1978, as a rookie, Guidry won 13 consecutive games, breaking Donald's American League record of 12 consecutive victories by a rookie set in 1939.

Guidry

Guidry is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Brian Guidry (born 1968), American painter

Carolyn Tyler Guidry (born 1937), American bishop

Dick Guidry (1929–2014), American businessman

Greg G. Guidry (born 1961), American lawyer and jurist

Greg Guidry (1950–2003), American singer

James Guidry (born 1967), American football player

Jesse J. Guidry (c. 192121987), American politician

John Michael Guidry (born 1962), American jurist

Mark Guidry (born 1959), American jockey

Mickey Guidry (born 1966), American football player

Paul Guidry (born 1944), American football player

Richard Guidry (1949–2008), American academic

Robert Charles Guidry (1938–2010), known as Bobby Charles, American singer-songwriter.

Ron Guidry (born 1950), American baseball player

List of New York Yankees Opening Day starting pitchers

The New York Yankees are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in The Bronx, New York City, New York. They play in the American League East division. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Yankees have used 57 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 110 seasons. Since the franchise's beginning in 1901, the 58 starters have a combined Opening Day record of 57 wins, 36 losses, 1 tie (57–36–1), and 17 no decisions. No decisions are only awarded to the starting pitcher if the game is won or lost after the starting pitcher has left the game. Although in modern baseball, ties are rare due to extra innings, in 1910, New York's Opening Game against the Boston Red Sox was declared a tie due to darkness – at the time, Hilltop Park had lacked adequate lighting.Whitey Ford, Ron Guidry, and Mel Stottlemyre hold the Yankees record for most Opening Day starts with seven. The other pitchers with three or more Opening Day starts for New York are CC Sabathia (6), Lefty Gomez (6), Red Ruffing (5), Jack Chesbro (4), Roger Clemens (4), Bob Shawkey (4), Ray Caldwell (3), Jimmy Key (3), Vic Raschi (3), and most recently Masahiro Tanaka (4). Jimmy Key holds the Yankee record for best Opening Day record with a perfect 3–0.On Opening Day, Yankee pitchers have a combined record of 35–12–1 when playing at home. Of those games, pitchers have a 1–0 record at Oriole Park, a 3–1–1 record at Hilltop Park, a 2–3 record from Polo Grounds, a 28–8 record at Yankee Stadium, and a 1–0 record at Shea Stadium. When on the road for Opening Day, Yankee pitchers have a combined record of 27–27.

During the 1901 and 1902 seasons, the franchise played in Baltimore as the "Baltimore Orioles". The franchise has Opening Day record of 1–1 as Baltimore. After their move to New York in 1903, the franchise was known as the New York Highlanders until 1912. As the Highlanders, they had a 6–3–1 Opening Day record. For seasons in which New York would later win the World Series, the starting pitchers have a 16–8 record.

List of New York Yankees captains

There have been 15 captains of the New York Yankees, an American professional baseball franchise also known previously as the New York Highlanders. The position is currently vacant after the most recent captain, Derek Jeter, retired after the 2014 season, after 12 seasons as team captain. Jeter was named as the 11th officially recognized captain of the Yankees in 2003. In baseball, the captain formerly served as the on-field leader of the team, while the manager operated the team from the dugout. Today, the captain is a clubhouse leader.

The first captain officially recognized by the Yankees was Hal Chase, who served in the role from 1910 through 1912. Roger Peckinpaugh served as captain from 1914 through 1922, until he was traded to the Boston Red Sox. He was succeeded by Babe Ruth, who was quickly deposed as captain for climbing into the stands to confront a heckler. Everett Scott served as captain from 1922 through 1925. Ten years later, Lou Gehrig was named captain, serving for the remainder of his career. After the death of Gehrig, then manager Joe McCarthy declared that the Yankees would never have another captain. The position remained vacant until team owner George Steinbrenner named Thurman Munson as captain in 1976. Following Munson's death, Graig Nettles served as captain. Willie Randolph and Ron Guidry were named co-captains in 1986. Don Mattingly followed them as captain in 1991, serving until his retirement in 1995. Gehrig, Munson, Guidry, Mattingly and Jeter are the only team captains who spent their entire career with the Yankees. Jeter is the longest tenured captain in franchise history, the 2014 season being his 12th as team captain.

There is, however, some controversy over the official list. Howard W. Rosenberg, a baseball historian, found that the official count of Yankees captains failed to include Clark Griffith, the captain from 1903–1905, and Kid Elberfeld, the captain from 1906–1907, while manager Frank Chance may have served as captain in 1913.In addition, right after The New York Times reported Rosenberg's research in 2007, Society for American Baseball Research member Clifford Blau contacted him to say he had found Willie Keeler being called the team's captain in 1908 and 1909, research that Rosenberg has confirmed.

Mike Caldwell (baseball)

Ralph Michael "Mike" Caldwell (born January 22, 1949) is an American and former collegiate and professional baseball left-handed pitcher.

Mike Willis

Mike Willis (born December 26, 1950) is a former major league baseball player who played for the Toronto Blue Jays from 1977 to 1981. He batted and threw left-handed. He is 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) and weighed 210 lbs. He attended Vanderbilt University. He was born on December 26, 1950 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. He was drafted by the Baltimore Orioles in 1972.

In 1978, he was one of three left-handers named "Mike" (the others being Mike Flanagan and Mike Caldwell) to defeat the New York Yankees' Ron Guidry in 1978 during Guidry's 25–3 Cy Young season. Normally a relief pitcher, Willis was pressed into service as the Toronto Blue Jays starter on September 20, 1978, and led the Jays to an 8–1 victory over the Yankees and Guidry. Calling it "the game of my life", it was Willis' only career win as a starting pitcher, and his only career complete game.

Slider

In baseball, a slider is a breaking ball pitch that tails laterally and down through the batter's hitting zone; it is thrown with less speed than a fastball but greater than the pitcher's curveball.

The break on the pitch is shorter than that of the curveball, and the release technique is 'between' those of a curveball and a fastball. The slider is similar to the cutter, a fastball pitch, but is more of a breaking ball than the cutter. The slider is also known as a yakker or a snapper.

Yankeeography

Yankeeography is a biography-style television program that chronicles the lives and careers of the players, coaches, and other notable personnel associated with the New York Yankees Major League Baseball team. The series is aired on the YES Network and is produced by MLB Productions. The series is hosted by Yankees radio personality John Sterling. The series has earned five New York Sports Emmy Awards since its inception. In addition to airing on YES, MLB Productions has packaged many of the shows into DVD boxed sets.

After debuting as a weekly show with the 2002 launch of YES, Yankeeography only debuts new episodes periodically (as there are fewer prominent Yankees yet to be spotlighted). For instance, four episodes premiered in 2006: Tino Martinez, David Cone, the Yankees' 1996 World Series team, and Billy Martin. All Yankees with retired numbers have had shows completed with the exception of Bill Dickey. The show has been criticized for producing episodes on players who remain active while Hall of Famers from much earlier eras such as Jack Chesbro, Tony Lazzeri, Red Ruffing and Lefty Gomez were not profiled. Some profiles have been updated to reflect new developments.

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