Romanian New Wave

The Romanian New Wave (Romanian: Noul val românesc) is a genre of realist and often minimalist films made in Romania since the mid-aughts, starting with two award-winning shorts by two Romanian directors, namely Cristi Puiu's Cigarettes and Coffee, which won the Short Film Golden Bear at the 2004 Berlin International Film Festival[1][2], and Cătălin Mitulescu's Trafic, which won the Short Film Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival later that same year.[3][4][5]

Romanian New Wave
Years active2004 - present
CountryRomania
Major figuresCristian Mungiu, Cristi Puiu, Cristian Nemescu, Cătălin Mitulescu, Radu Muntean, Corneliu Porumboiu, Călin Peter Netzer, Radu Jude

Themes

Aesthetically, Romanian New Wave films share an austere, realist and often minimalist approach. Furthermore, black humour tends to feature prominently. While several of them are set in the late 1980s, near the end of Nicolae Ceaușescu's totalitarian rule over communist Romania, exploring themes of freedom and resilience (4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days, The Paper Will Be Blue, The Way I Spent the End of the World, Tales from the Golden Age), others, however (The Death of Mr. Lăzărescu, California Dreamin', Tuesday, After Christmas), unfold in modern-day Romania, and delve into the ways the transition to democracy and free-market capitalism has shaped Romanian society after the fall of communism in late 1989.

Award-winning films and directors

Romanian New Wave films and directors have won a significant number of important international movie awards at prestigious FIAPF-accredited film festivals. Below are a few notable examples:

Director Title Year Awards
Cristi Puiu Cigarettes and Coffee
Un cartuș de Kent și un pachet de cafea
2004 Germany Won the Short Film Golden Bear at the 2004 Berlin International Film Festival
Cătălin Mitulescu Trafic 2004 France Won the Short Film Palme d'Or at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival
Corneliu Porumboiu A Trip to the City
Călătorie la oraş
2004 France Won the Second Cinefondation Award at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival
Cristi Puiu The Death of Mr. Lăzărescu
Moartea Domnului Lăzărescu
2005 France Won the Un Certain Regard at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival
The first feature film to bring the emerging movement into the international spotlight.
Cătălin Mitulescu The Way I Spent the End of the World
Cum mi-am petrecut sfârșitul lumii
2006 France Won the Best Actress Award in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival
Corneliu Porumboiu 12:08 East of Bucharest
A fost sau n-a fost?
2006 France Won the Caméra d'Or at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival
Cristian Mungiu 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
4 luni, 3 săptămâni şi 2 zile
2007 France Won the Palme d'Or at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival
Cristian Nemescu California Dreamin' 2007 France Won the Un Certain Regard at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival
Adrian Sitaru Hooked
Pescuit sportiv
2008 United States Won in the New Voices/New Vision section at the 2008 Palm Springs International Film Festival
Bogdan Mustață A Good Day for a Swim
O zi bună de plajă
2008 Germany Won the Short Film Golden Bear at the 2008 Berlin International Film Festival
Marian Crișan Megatron 2008 France Won the Short Film Palme d'Or at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival
Radu Jude The Happiest Girl in the World
Cea mai fericită fată din lume
2009 Germany Won the CICAE Forum Award at the 2009 Berlin International Film Festival
Corneliu Porumboiu Police, Adjective
Polițist, Adjectiv
2009 France Won the Jury Prize in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival
Florin Șerban If I Want to Whistle, I Whistle
Eu când vreau să fluier, fluier
2010 Germany Won the Jury Grand Prix Silver Bear at the 2010 Berlin International Film Festival
Cristi Puiu Aurora 2010 Czech Republic Won the East of the West Award at the 2010 Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
Marian Crișan Morgen 2010 Switzerland Won the Special Jury Prize at the 2010 Locarno International Film Festival
Bogdan George Apetri Outbound
Periferic
2010 Poland Won the FIPRESCI Award at the 2010 Warsaw International Film Festival
Radu Muntean Tuesday, After Christmas
Marți, după Crăciun
2010 Argentina Won the Best Actress Award at the 2010 Mar del Plata International Film Festival
Adrian Sitaru Best Intentions
Din dragoste cu cele mai bune intenţii
2011 Switzerland Won the Leopard for Best Direction at the 2011 Locarno International Film Festival
Cristian Mungiu Beyond the Hills
După dealuri
2012 Argentina
France
Won the Golden Ástor at the 2012 Mar del Plata International Film Festival
Won both the Best Screenplay and the Best Actress Award at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival
Călin Peter Netzer Child's Pose
Poziția copilului
2013 Germany Won the Golden Bear at the 2013 Berlin International Film Festival
Tudor Cristian Jurgiu In the Fishbowl
În acvariu
2013 France Won the Third Cinefondation Award at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival
Radu Jude Aferim! 2015 Germany Won the Silver Bear for Best Director at the 2015 Berlin International Film Festival
Corneliu Porumboiu The Treasure
Comoara
2015 France Won the Un Certain Talent in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival
Florin Șerban Box 2015 Czech Republic Won the FIPRESCI Award at the 2015 Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
Bogdan Mirică Dogs
Câini
2016 France Won the FIPRESCI Award in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival
Cristian Mungiu Graduation
Bacalaureat
2016 France Won the Best Director Award at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival
Cristi Puiu Sieranevada 2016 United States Won both the Gold Hugo and the Silver Hugo at the 2016 Chicago International Film Festival
Radu Jude Scarred Hearts
Inimi cicatrizate
2016 Switzerland
Argentina
Won the Special Jury Prize at the 2016 Locarno International Film Festival
Won the Best Director Award at the 2016 Mar del Plata International Film Festival
Călin Peter Netzer Ana, mon amour 2017 Germany Won the Silver Bear for Outstanding Artistic Contribution at the 2017 Berlin International Film Festival
Adina Pintilie Touch Me Not
Nu mă atinge-mă
2018 Germany Won the Golden Bear at the 2018 Berlin International Film Festival
Radu Jude I Do Not Care If We Go Down in History as Barbarians
Îmi este indiferent dacă în istorie vom intra ca barbari
2018 Czech Republic Won the Crystal Globe at the 2018 Karlovy Vary International Film Festival

Legend:

Best feature film
Best short film or second-best feature film
Best film director

Other notable installments

Director Title Year Notes
Cristi Puiu Stuff and Dough
Marfa și banii
2001 Cristi Puiu's directorial debut
Nae Caranfil Philanthropy
Filantropica
2002
Cristian Mungiu Occident 2002 Cristian Mungiu's first feature film
Lucian Pintilie Niki and Flo
Niki Ardelean, colonel în rezervă
2003 Lucian Pintilie's last feature film
Corneliu Porumboiu Liviu's Dream
Visul lui Liviu
2004
Tudor Giurgiu Love Sick
Legături bolnăvicioase
2006 Compared to My Summer of Love
Cristian Nemescu Marilena from P7
Marilena de la P7
2006 Cristian Nemescu's last short film
Radu Muntean The Paper Will Be Blue
Hârtia va fi albastră
2006
Gheorghe Preda An Angel Hooked on Me
Îngerul necesar
2007 Thematically unrelated to the others.
Unconcerned with social issues.
Radu Muntean Boogie 2008
Cristian Mungiu et al. Tales from the Golden Age
Amintiri din Epoca de Aur
2009
Răzvan Rădulescu et al. First of All, Felicia
Felicia, înainte de toate
2009
Bobby Păunescu Francesca 2009
Andrei Gruzsniczki The Other Irene
Cealaltă Irina
2009
Călin Peter Netzer Medal of Honor
Medalia de onoare
2009
Constantin Popescu Portrait of the Fighter as a Young Man
Portretul luptătorului la tinerețe
2010
Cătălin Mitulescu Loverboy 2011
Radu Jude Everybody in Our Family
Toată lumea din familia noastră
2012
Corneliu Porumboiu When Evening Falls on Bucharest or Metabolism
Când se lasă seara peste Bucureşti sau metabolism
2013
Nae Caranfil Closer to the Moon
Mai aproape de lună
2014
Ana Lungu Self-Portrait of a Dutiful Daughter
Autoportretul unei fete cuminţi
2015
Radu Muntean One Floor Below
Un etaj mai jos
2015

References

  1. ^ "Berlin International Film Festival 2004 Awards". IMDB.com. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  2. ^ "Berlinale: Jahresarchive 2004: Preistraeger". Berlinale.de. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  3. ^ "Cannes Film Festival 2004 Awards". IMDB.com. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  4. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Trafic". Festival-Cannes.com. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  5. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Catalin Mitulescu". Festival-Cannes.com. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
Acid Western

Acid Western is a subgenre of the Western film that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s that combines the metaphorical ambitions of critically acclaimed Westerns, such as Shane and The Searchers, with the excesses of the Spaghetti Westerns and the outlook of the counterculture of the 1960s. Acid Westerns subvert many of the conventions of earlier Westerns to "conjure up a crazed version of autodestructive white America at its most solipsistic, hankering after its own lost origins".

Boogie (2008 film)

Boogie is a 2008 Romanian film written and directed by Radu Muntean.

Child's Pose (film)

Child's Pose (Romanian: Poziția copilului) is a 2013 Romanian drama film directed by Călin Peter Netzer. The film premiered in competition at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival where it won the Golden Bear. It was screened in the Contemporary World Cinema section at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival. Luminița Gheorghiu was nominated as the Best Actress at the 26th European Film Awards and the film won the Telia Film Award at the Stockholm International Film Festival 2013. The film was selected as the Romanian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 86th Academy Awards, but it was not nominated.

Horațiu Mălăele

Horațiu-Valentin Mălăele (born 1 August 1952) is a Romanian actor, cartoonist, writer, and theater and film director. In this last capacity his is often associated with the Romanian New Wave.Born in 1952 Târgu-Jiu, he had a public art exhibit in his final year of secondary school, the first of over 30 as of 2016.Mălăele graduated in 1975 from the Institute of Theater and Cinema in Bucharest and first became a professional actor with the National Theater of Romania in Piatra Neamț. He returned to Bucharest, where he became a prominent actor, working in many of Romania's leading theaters including Nottara, Odeon, and Bulandra. He then became a director, directing such plays as O sărbătoare princiară ("A Princely Feast") by Theodor Mazilu (1982 at Nottara Theatre), A Flea in Her Ear by Georges Feydeau (1993 at Nottara Theatre), and Carlo contra Carlo ("Carlo against Carlo") by Paul Ioachim (1994 at the Odeon), which won him that year's Romanian Comedy Festival Prize. He has since directed over a dozen other stage productions.He first appeared as a film actor in 1974, appearing in two films that year: Păcală ("Caution") and Muntele Ascuns ("The Hidden Mountain", and has gone on to act in over two dozen other films. He also directed Palaria ("The Hat", 2004, TV movie), Nunta mută ("Silent Wedding", 2008) and Funeralii fericite ("Happy Funerals", 2013).He has also written two books: the autobiographical Horaţiu despre Mălăele ("Horatiu about Malaele", ISBN 9731812172, and Wanderings, a collection of short episodes, aphorisms, and memories.

List of apocalyptic films

This is a list of apocalyptic feature-length films. All films within this list feature either the end of the world, a prelude to such an end (such as a world taken over by a viral infection), and/or a post-apocalyptic setting.

List of cinema of the world

This is a list of cinema of the world by continent and country.

Liviu's Dream

Liviu's Dream (Romanian: Visul lui Liviu) is a 2004 Romanian film directed by Corneliu Porumboiu.

Occident (film)

Occident is a Romanian film released in 2002, and directed by Cristian Mungiu. It stars Alexandru Papadopol as a 29-year-old man named Luci and Anca Androne as his wife Sorina. The film is a tragicomedy about young people who move to the West when they were not financially successful in Romania.

Opera film

An opera film is a recording of an opera on film.

Orizont

Orizont is a 2015 Romanian drama film written and directed by Marian Crișan from a story by Ioan Slavici.

Philanthropy (film)

Filantropica (alternate spellings Philantropica, Philanthropy, Philantropique) is a 2002 Romanian dark comedy film directed by Nae Caranfil and starring Mircea Diaconu. Critically acclaimed and considered a landmark film of the Romanian New Wave, it is described as a "comedy about corruption and greed and how to get a free meal in fancy restaurants". Caranfil, the director, has a cameo appearance as a karaoke singer, singing Frank Sinatra's My Way.

Police, Adjective

Police, Adjective (Romanian: Polițist, Adjectiv) is a 2009 Romanian drama film directed by Corneliu Porumboiu. The movie focuses on policeman Cristi, who is investigating a teenage boy who has been smoking hashish. Over time, Cristi begins to question the ethical ramifications of his task.

Radu Muntean

Radu Muntean (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈradu munˈte̯an]; born 8 June 1971 in Bucharest) is a Romanian film director and screenwriter. He is a central figure of the Romanian New Wave.Radu graduated from the Theater and Film Academy in Bucharest in 1994, where he directed three short films. Since 1996, he has directed over 400 commercials and has won over 40 national and international awards in various advertising festivals. His feature debut, The Rage, was awarded Best First Film by The Romanian Filmmakers Union, and Best Photography at the 2003 Transilvania International Film Festival. His second feature, The Paper Will Be Blue, as well as Boogie are representative of the Romanian New Wave.

His 2015 film One Floor Below was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival.

The Happiest Girl in the World (film)

The Happiest Girl in the World (Romanian: Cea mai fericită fată din lume) is a 2009 Romanian film by Radu Jude. It is a part of the Romanian New Wave.

Trafic (2004 film)

Trafic is a 2004 Romanian short film directed by Cătălin Mitulescu. It depicts a brief moment in the mundanities of urban life and family life, and a man's quick decision to escape them, if only just for a moment. It won the Short Film Palme d'Or at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival. It is said to have been the "instigating" film of the Romanian New Wave.

Tuesday, After Christmas

Tuesday, After Christmas (Romanian: Marţi, după Crăciun) is a 2010 Romanian film written and directed by Radu Muntean. The film was selected for the Un Certain Regard section of 2010 Cannes Film Festival.

Yugoslav Black Wave

Yugoslav Black Wave (also referred to as Black Wave) is a blanket term for a Yugoslav film movement of the 1960s and early 1970s. Notable directors include Dušan Makavejev, Žika Pavlović, Saša Petrović, Želimir Žilnik, Mika Antić, Lordan Zafranović, Mića Popović and Marko Babac. Their films are known for their non-traditional approach to film making, their dark humor and their critical examination of the Yugoslav society at the time.

The wave is one of the most successful and internationally recognised cinematic movements of Southeast Europe, besides Romanian New Wave of 2000s. Films from the wave won a plethora of international recognition, including a Golden Bear, Silver Bear for Best Director, Cannes Grand Prix, six nominations for Cannes Palme d'Or and four nominations for Academy Award for Best International Feature Film, with success continuing through directors emerging from the wave, including two Palme d'Or awards in 1980s and 1990s. Today, several of the films are considered classics of world cinema and were released as part of influential collections such as Criterion Collection in the United States.

In the early 1960s Yugoslavia produced more films than ever before. Exports soared during this period of intense creativity and experimentation. The film makers were linked by a common wish to increase the freedom of artistic expression, and to reform the cinematic language. The filmmakers wanted the right to show the darker side of the human psyche and to openly criticize the policy of the socialist state. This stream gained international attention as well as provoking strong controversies within Yugoslavia. The liberalization of the film form and expression reached its apex in 1967– 1968.

In the following years, the counter-offence against the new movement intensified. Black films were attacked for their pessimistic view on the Yugoslav socialist development and liberalism in general, as well as their valorization of anarchistic and individualistic tendencies in the society. The attacks on the movement was can be seen as a natural result of the broader political developments at the time. Eventually it led to the banning of selected films and some directors were forced to leave the country.

New Wave in cinema
By country
By style
By theme
By movement
or period
By demographic groups
By format,
technique,
approach,
or production

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