Roller hockey (quad)

Rink hockey redirects here. It should not be confused with rink bandy or rinkball.
Roller hockey
Argentin player during 2007 rink hockey world championship
Argentine player during the 2007 Rink Hockey World Championship.
NicknamesRoller Hockey, Rink Hockey, Hardball Hockey, quad
First playedEnd-19th century Britain
Characteristics
ContactNo
Team members5 per side, a goal-keeper and four floor players
Mixed genderYes, separate competitions
TypeTeam sport, ball sport
Presence
OlympicDemonstration sport at 1992 Summer Olympics.
World Games1981 – 1993, 2001

Roller hockey (in British English), rink hockey (in American English) or quad hockey is a team sport that enjoys significant popularity in a number of Latin countries.

Two five-man teams (four skaters and one goalkeeper) try to drive the ball with their sticks into the opponents' goal. The ball can only be put in motion by a stick, not the skate, otherwise a foul will be stated. The game has two 25-minute halves, plus up to two 5-minute periods to settle ties with the clock stopping when the ball becomes dead.

Players – including the goalie – use quad skates, whereas inline skates are used in inline hockey. Excessive contact between players is forbidden in rink hockey, unlike inline hockey.

Roller Hockey was a demonstration rollersport in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. There have been 43 editions of the Roller Hockey World Cup, with Latin countries dominating the sport since the 1940s: Spain (17 World titles), Portugal (15 World titles), Argentina (5 World titles) and Italy (4 World titles). Other countries, such as France, Brazil, Germany, Switzerland, Andorra and England are regular international competitors, but rarely overcome the traditional powers.

Roller Hockey is a very fast sport, which may create a problem for TV transmissions, and new rinks are built using blue or white pavement to make the ball more visible on TV.

Name

Roller Hockey (Quad) was referred to as Hardball Hockey in the United States until November 2008 when the USOC adopted the sport's more common name, Rink Hockey. Other names for the sport include Hardball Roller Hockey, Ball Hockey, International Style Ball hockey, International hockey, Quad Hockey, Hockey, English Roller Hockey, Hockey Sobre Patines, Hockey pista, Hóquei em patins, Hockey Skids, Traditional Hockey, Cane Hockey, Rollhockey, Rolhockey, Hokej na koturaljkama, Rulleskøjtehockey and Rulluisuhoki.

The rink

Campo hockey su pista
a rink

The rink has usually a polished wooden surface, but any flat, non-abrasive and non-slippery material such as treated cement is acceptable. Likewise, it is allowed for rink owners to put advertisements in the playing area, as long as they don't interfere with ball or skate motion, which includes both physically (must be at exactly the same level as the remaining area) and visually (dark colours or any other pattern which can mask the ball).

It can have one out of three standard sizes (a minimum of 34x17 meters, an average of 40x20 and a maximum of 44x22) or any size between the minimum and maximum values that has a 2:1 size ratio with a 10% margin of error.

The rink has rounded corners (1 m radius) and is surrounded by a 1 m wall. The wall also has a wooden base 2 cm wide and at least 20 cm high. Behind the goals there is a 4 m high net, even if there are no stands (to avoid the ball bouncing back from a wall and hitting a player). If the ball hits the net, it's considered to be out of bounds.

The markings are simple. The halfway line divides the rink into halves, and 22 m from the end wall an "anti-play" line is painted. The area is a 9 X 5.40 m rectangle, placed from 2.7 to 3.3 m ahead of the end table. It has a protection area for goalkeepers, a half-circle with 1.5 m radius. All markings are 8 cm in width. The goal (painted in fluorescent orange) is 105 cm high by 170 cm wide. Inside the goal there is a thick net and a bar close to ground to trap the ball inside (before, two extra referees stayed behind the goal to judge goal decisions), and 92 cm deep. While not attached to the ground, it is extremely heavy to prevent movement.

Equipment

Hockey goal

Roller Hockey Goal Pad

Hockey chest

Roller-hockey-(Quad)-Goal Chest

Hockey elbow

Roller-hockey-(Quad)-Goal elbow

Hockey neck

Roller-hockey-(Quad)-Goal Neck Protector

Goal stick

Roller-hockey-(Quad)-Goal Stick

Player stick

Roller-hockey-(Quad)-Player Stick

Palyer pack

Roller-hockey-(Quad)-Player Gloves & Knee

Roller-hockey-(Quad)-Skate

Roller-hockey-skate

Roller-hockey-(Quad)-Ball

Roller Hockey (Quad) Ball

  • The clothing is similar to that used in Association football—socks up to the knee, shorts and a shirt.
  • Sticks are different for skaters and goalkeepers. They can be of any material approved by the World Skate (although wooden sticks are still most often used), with a minimum length of 90 cm and maximum of 115 cm. They cannot be wider than 5 cm or weigh over 500 g.
  • The ball is made of pressed cork, has a 23 cm in circumference, and weighs 155 g.
  • The skates must have two pairs of wheels, with a minimum diameter of 3 cm. Players are allowed to use brakes in the front of the skate, with a diameter or larger side not larger than 5 cm.
  • Protective material includes shin guards, knee caps, jock strap and gloves. Specifications for helmets and elbow caps vary from federation to federation.
  • Goalkeepers (or netminders) use protective padding on the torso (plus shoulders) (the maximum amount is being regulated, since, as in ice hockey, many goalkeepers have been using massive protection to make them larger and broader), neck guard, large shin guards (not longer than 75 cm), gloves protecting the whole forearm and a helmet with either a grid or unbreakable transparent material. Unlike the Roller Hockey (Inline) Goalie who uses a Catch Glove to catch the shot on goal, the Roller hockey (Quad) Goalie uses a flat batting glove that provides rebound characteristics when blocking a shot on goal.

Rules

World Skate provides the current rulebook at its website .

History

The first recorded Hardball Roller Hockey game was played in 1878 at the Denmark Rink in London, England.[1][2][3] It was first known as “roller polo” due to the introduction of Polo in 1876, skaters took polo to the rinks.[2][4] The sport was introduced into the United States in 1882 with the formation of the National Roller Polo League in Dayton, Ohio, with teams in seven cities. Roller Polo League[2] In 1884 the Massachusetts Roller Polo league was operating with 14 teams[2] Organized roller skating sports developed as the popularity of roller skates increased in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Roller hockey teams were playing throughout Europe as early as 1901.[5] Roller Hockey was played by the famous silent film stars, Stan Laurel and Charlie Chaplin, in the early 1900s.[6] The first World Championships in roller hockey were held in 1936 in Stuttgart, Germany.[5]

Rink Hockey as it was called in Europe was not organized by the RSROA in the United States until 1959 and name roller hockey[2] The sport debuted at the US National Championships in 1961.[7] The Pan American Games introduced roller skating as a sport in 1979 and debuted roller hockey the same year.[1] It was one of the Pan American Games sports in 1979, 1987, 1991 and 1995. It has since been discontinued. Roller hockey was present as an exhibition sport at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.[8][9]

International competitions

There are several international competitions with national teams. There are three world championships, one for men, the Roller Hockey World Cup, one for women, the Women's Roller Hockey World Cup and the Roller Hockey World Cup U-20.

America

Asia

Europe

Domestic competitions

Africa

America

Asia

Europe

Oceania

Women's roller hockey

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-07-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e http://usarollersports.org/pages/pdf/magazine/USARS_Summer1978_Web.pdf
  3. ^ "Roller-skating - sport". britannica.com.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2008-07-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-07-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2012-10-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-17. Retrieved 2008-07-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ http://www.la84foundation.org/6oic/OfficialReports/1992/1992s4.pdf
  9. ^ "Memoria Oficial de los Juegos de la XXV Olimpı́ada Barcelona 1992. dieciséis dı́as de verano. Vol. 4, Vol. 4,". COOB'92. 17 May 1992 – via Open WorldCat.

External links

International

Other

Australia national roller hockey team

The Australia national roller hockey team is the national team side of Australia at international roller hockey.

Usually is part of FIRS Roller Hockey B World Cup.

In 2018, Australia won their first Asian Cup ever.

Brazil national roller hockey team

The Brazil national roller hockey team is the national team side of Brazil at international roller hockey. Usually is part of FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup and CSP Copa America.

Chile national roller hockey team

The Chile national roller hockey team is the national team side of Chile at international roller hockey. It is part of the FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup and CSP Copa America, and is controlled by the Federación Chilena de Hockey y Patinaje.

Colombia national roller hockey team

The Colombia national roller hockey team is the national team side of Colombia at international roller hockey. Usually it is part of FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup and CSP Copa América.

England national roller hockey team

The England national roller hockey team is the national team side of England at international roller hockey. England started as the leading team in the sport, being the winner of the first 12 editions of the Rink Hockey European Championship, from 1927 to 1939, with the 1937 and 1939 editions also serving as Rink Hockey World Championship, but were unable to keep the same position after World War II. England reached the podium in 1947, when they finished in 2nd place, losing the title to Portugal. Since then, England was never able to reach the same status of the past, being nowadays considered as a minor team. More recently Portuguese head coach José Carlos Amaral has been trying to promote a revival of the sport, still amateur, in England. England achieved some positive results in recent years.

France national roller hockey team

The France national roller hockey team is the national team side of France at international roller hockey. Usually it is part of FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup and CERH European Roller Hockey Championship.

Germany national roller hockey team

The Germany national roller hockey team is the national team side of Germany at international roller hockey. Usually is part of FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup and CERH European Roller Hockey Championship.

India national roller hockey team

The India national roller hockey team is the national team and represent India at international roller hockey. It is governed by the Roller Skating Federation of India (RSFI), it is full member of FIRS Roller Hockey B World Cup and Roller Hockey Asia Cup.

Italy men's national roller hockey team

Italy men's national roller hockey team is the national team side of Italy at international roller hockey.

Italy women's national roller hockey team

Italy women's national roller hockey team is the national team side of Italy at international roller hockey.

Japan national roller hockey team

The Japan national roller hockey team is the national team side of Japan at international roller hockey. Usually is part of FIRS Roller Hockey B World Cup and Roller Hockey Asia Cup.

Mozambique national roller hockey team

The Mozambique national roller hockey team is the national team representing Mozambique in roller hockey competitions. The team has appeared at the FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup several times. Roller hockey has remained popular in Mozambique from its introduction during the colonial era by the Portuguese.

Portugal national roller hockey team

The Portugal national roller hockey team is one of the most successful roller hockey teams of the world, along with Spain, Italy and Argentina.

Portugal has been a dominant power in the sport, holding the second most titles of the Rink Hockey World Championship, with 15, and the most of the Rink Hockey European Championship, with 21.

The Portuguese national roller hockey side is the one that attracts more passionate interest in Portugal, after the football national team, due to its tradition of being the most successful sport for its country and of having some of the best ever rink hockey players, like António Livramento and Vítor Hugo.

Portugal women's national roller hockey team

Portugal women's national roller hockey team is the national team side of Portugal at international roller hockey competitions. It has 3 European titles.

Rink Hockey Euroleague

The Rink Hockey Euroleague is an annual club roller hockey competition organised by World Skate Europe - Rink Hockey and contested by the top ranked teams in European domestic leagues.

The current champions are Portuguese team Sporting CP, who beat Portuguese side Porto 5–2 in the 2019 final, to secure their 2nd title.

Spain national roller hockey team

Spain national roller hockey team is the national team side of Spain at international roller hockey. It is one of the best teams of the world and has been dominating both the Rink Hockey World Championship and the Rink Hockey European Championship in the last decade.

The Spain national side is Catalonia based, since roller hockey is specially popular in that Spanish region, although it also has first-class teams in other regions, like Galicia and Asturias.

Spain women's national roller hockey team

Spain women's national roller hockey team is the national team side of Spain at international roller hockey (quad). It is one of the best teams of the world and has been dominating both the Rink Hockey World Championship with a record (4 titles) and the Rink Hockey European Championship (3 titles) in the last decade.

Switzerland national roller hockey team

The Swiss national roller hockey team is the national team side of Switzerland at international roller hockey. Usually it takes part in the FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup and CERH European Roller Hockey Championship.

United States national roller hockey team

The United States national roller hockey team is the national team side of United States at international roller hockey. Usually is part of FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup and CSP Copa America.

Roller hockey pictogram.svg Roller hockey in the world Roller hockey pictogram.svg
World
Europe
Asia
America
Africa
Oceania
Events in
Basket sports
Football codes
Bat-and-ball games
Stick and ball sports
Net sports
Other sports

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.