Roller hockey

Roller hockey is a form of hockey played on a dry surface using wheeled skates.[1] Most professional inline hockey games take place on an indoor or outdoor sport court (a type of plastic interlinking tiles used to create a skating surface). Otherwise, any dry surface can be used to host a game, typically a roller rink, macadam, or cement. The term "Roller hockey" is often used interchangeably to refer to three variant forms chiefly differentiated by the equipment used. There is traditional "Roller hockey" (Quad hockey, Rink hockey), played with quad skates and a ball (without contact), "Inline hockey", played with inline skates and puck (without contact) and "Skater hockey", played with quad skates or inline skates and plastic ball (with contact like ice hockey). Combined, roller hockey is played in nearly 60 countries worldwide. [2][3]

Variants

Roller hockey is played on both quad skates and inline skates, have different rules and equipment, and involve different types of skating but share the category and name of roller hockey. Roller hockey (quad) is played using traditional quad roller skates, affording greater maneuverability to the player - this results in games filled with fancy footwork, tight maneuvering, and is more similar to football or basketball. The stick is more or less the same as in bandy and shinty. Roller hockey (inline) bears close resemblance to ice hockey and is played on inline skates, uses an ice hockey stick and includes a lot of fast "racing back and forth" action. Inline hockey goalies use a glove called a catcher to catch shots made on goal, and a flat, usually square, mitt called a blocker which is used to deflect shots on goal. The Quad hockey goalie uses a flat batting glove that provides rebound characteristics when blocking a shot on goal.

Quad hockey

Argentin player during 2007 rink hockey world championship
Roller Hockey - Hóquei em Patins - Hoquei sobre Patins - Hóckey a Patíns - Hockey sobre Patines - Hockey Su Pista

Quad hockey is a variation of roller hockey. Roller hockey is the overarching name for a rollersport that has existed long before inline skates were "re-invented" in the 70s (They were actually invented before quads, in the 1760s). Roller hockey has been played on quad skates, in sixty countries worldwide and so has many names worldwide. Sometimes the sport is called Quad Hockey, Hóquei em Patins (PT), Rolhockey (NL), Rollhockey (DE), International Style Ball hockey, Rink hockey (FR), Hockey Su Pista (IT), Hoquei sobre Patins (CA), Hockey sobre Patines (ES), Rulleskøjtehockey (DA), Rullbandy (S), Rulluisuhoki (ET) and Hardball hockey (US), depending on which region of the world it is played. Roller hockey was a demonstration rollersport in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.

Inline hockey

Inline Hockey at Albuquerque 6
Inline Hockey is played on inline skates

Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey, from which it is derived.[4] It is referred to by many names worldwide, including Ball Hockey, Inline hockey, Roller hockey, Longstick hockey, Deck hockey, Road hockey, Street hockey and Skater hockey depending on which region of the world in which it is played.

Like ice hockey, inline hockey is a contact sport therefore body checking isn't penalized. It is similar to ice hockey in that teamwork, skill and aggressiveness are needed. Excepting the use of inline roller skates in lieu of ice skates, the equipment of inline roller hockey is similar to that of ice hockey.

The game is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink. When played more informally, the game often takes place on a smooth asphalt surface outdoors. The game is played in three 15-minute periods or if it is higher standard it's played 20-minutes in each of the three periods. The game rules differ from ice hockey in a few simple ways: there is no icing and it is played in a 4 on 4 player format instead of 5 on 5.

Generally speaking, only competitive-level inline hockey is strictly bound by the governing body's rules. Recreational hockey leagues may make modifications to certain aspects of the rules to suit local requirements (size of rink, length of periods and penalties). Roller hockey is a growing sport in Britain with teams cropping up all over the country. The fact that it can be played on any dry surface means that it can be played in almost any leisure center.

Tournaments

Most competitive youth hockey teams play in tournaments. The tournaments vary depending on location, but a typical bracket system is usually used. Teams travel to different locations around their state, sometimes even going out of state. There are inner state tournaments and out of state tournaments. There are even national tournaments competitive teams compete for.

The World Skate is the international association that organize the biggest roller hockey world championship (which is a part of the World Roller Games). Over twenty national teams participate in these two events.

There are other tournaments located in the U.S but played by players all around the world. Narch and Statewars are two Nationwide tournaments of every skill level and age group.

In skater hockey, the sport is governed in Europe by the International Inline-Skater hockey Federation.

Roller hockey brands

Many of the same brands that make ice hockey equipment also make roller hockey skates including Bauer, Easton, Mission, Tron and many more. There are also some brands that specialize in roller hockey like el Leon de Oro (Spain), Tour, Alkali, Revision and Mission (but they make some ice hockey equipment also). Other rink hockey brands include Reno, TVD, Meneghini, Proskate and Azemad.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior Who Broke the Color Barrier". The New York Times. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  2. ^ "In-Line Hockey: Still Rolling, but Not on a Roll". The New York Times. 27 February 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  3. ^ Conover, Kirsten A. (29 April 1991). "'Bladers' Skate Their Way Into Hot Sports Trend". Retrieved 9 December 2016 – via Christian Science Monitor.
  4. ^ Rinehart, Robert E. (1 January 2013). "Inline Skating in Contemporary Sport: An Examination of Its Growth and Development". Paul Cowan. Retrieved 11 December 2016 – via Google Books.
Angolan Roller Hockey League

The Angolan Roller Hockey Championship is the top tier Roller Hockey Clubs Championship in Angola.

Austrian Roller Hockey League

The Austrian Roller Hockey National Championship is the biggest Roller Hockey Clubs Championship in Austria.

Belgium Roller Hockey League

The Belgium Roller Hockey League was the biggest Roller Hockey Championship in Belgium. The last edition took place in 1999. The Belgium clubs have taking part in the Dutch NRBB (Dutch Roller Hockey League).

Brazilian Roller Hockey National Championship

The Brazilian Roller Hockey National Championship is the biggest Roller Hockey Clubs Championship in Brazil.

Egypt Roller Hockey League

The Egyptian Roller Hockey Championship is the biggest Roller Hockey Clubs Championship in Egypt.

Japanese Roller Hockey National Championship

The Japanese Roller Hockey National Championship is the biggest Roller Hockey Clubs Championship in Japan.

Mexican Roller Hockey National League

The Mexican Roller Hockey Championship is the biggest Roller Hockey Clubs Championship in Mexico.

New Zealand Roller Hockey National Championship

The New Zealand Inline Hockey National Championships is the biggest Inline Hockey Club Championship in New Zealand.

Portuguese Roller Hockey Cup

The Portuguese Roller Hockey Cup (Portuguese: Taça de Portugal de Hóquei em Patins) is a Portuguese roller hockey knockout competition open to all domestic clubs. Following a series of knockout rounds, the competition winner is determined in a final-four mini-tournament, held in a neutral venue at the end of the season. The winners play in the following season's edition of the CERS Cup, unless they have already qualified for the CERH European League via league placing.

Portuguese Roller Hockey First Division

The Portuguese Roller Hockey First Division (Portuguese: Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão de Hóquei em Patins or simply 1ª Divisão; literally: Roller Hockey First Division National Championship) is the premier Portuguese roller hockey league. It was founded in 1939 and Sporting CP were crowned as the first champions. Benfica and Porto are record winners with 23 titles each, Porto being the current champions. The league is contested by 14 teams, with the top four teams qualifying for the following season's CERH European League and the fifth to eighth placed teams qualifying for the CERS Cup. The bottom three teams are relegated to the second-tier Portuguese Roller Hockey Second Division.

Roller Hockey Asia Cup

The Roller Hockey Asian Championship is a roller hockey competition with the national teams of Asian countries that happens every two years. It is organized by CARS, Confederation of Asia Roller Sports.

The last Tournament happening was the 15th Asian Roller hockey Championship in Hefei, China.

Roller Hockey International

Roller Hockey International was a professional inline hockey league that operated in North America from 1993 to 1999. It was the first major professional league for inline hockey.League president Dennis Murphy had been involved in the establishment of the American Basketball Association, World Hockey Association and World Team Tennis. RHI hoped to capitalize on the inline skating boom of the early 1990s. Key parts of its success were its stance on no guaranteed contracts, instead teams would all split prize money.Teams were generally made up of minor league ice hockey players playing on inline skates during the summer months between ice seasons. RHI was also known for its unstable franchises and instability in the league's front office itself.Ultimately, after five seasons of play and a fading in the inline skating boom, RHI folded in 1998 with two of its franchises joining Major League Roller Hockey: the Buffalo Wings and its premier club, the Anaheim Bullfrogs. After folding there was a movement to revamp and come back the following year as Major League Hockey, but it never came to fruition. RHI was revived in 1999, with a 10-team roster that included five holdovers that had played in RHI in 1997: the Anaheim Bullfrogs, Buffalo Wings, Minnesota Blue Ox, San Jose Rhinos and St. Louis Vipers.The league cancelled the 2000 season and the league finally folded operations in 2001 when their sites were limited to arenas in California.

Roller Hockey Pan American Championships

The Roller Hockey Pan American Championship is a Rink Hockey competition between the best male and female national teams from American Continent. It happens every two years and it is organized by CPRS.

The next Tournament will be disputed between 8th and 13th of March, in Rosario, Argentina, and will be the 5th edition.

Roller Hockey Women's Intercontinental Cup

The Women's Intercontinental Cup is a roller hockey competition organized by World Skate and contested between the World Skate Africa, World Skate Asia and World Skate Oceania, World Skate Europe and World Skate America champions clubs in title.

Roller Hockey World Cup

The World Skate Roller Hockey World Cup is the international championship for roller hockey organized by World Skate.

The world championship tournament is held every two years, on the odd years. The first event was held in 1936, in the city of Stuttgart. Through the 2015 World Cup, only five countries have taken the Roller Hockey World Cup: England winning two times, Portugal winning fifteen times, Spain winning seventeen times, Italy winning four times and Argentina winning five times.

Since the 2003 World Cup all events have been 16-team events, featuring a four group round-robin tournament with four teams in each group. The top two teams in each group advance to an eight team knockout final series.

Roller Hockey World Cup U-20

The FIRS Roller Hockey World Cup U-20 is a biennial international competition for men's under-20 national roller hockey teams organized by the Fédération Internationale de Roller Sports (FIRS) since 2003.

The current champions are Portugal, who secured their third consecutive title after beating Spain 2–0 in the 2017 edition's final. With this win Portugal became the most successful team in this competition, with four titles, surpassing Spain's three titles.

Roller hockey (quad)

Rink hockey redirects here. It should not be confused with rink bandy or rinkball.

Roller hockey (in British English), rink hockey (in American English) or quad hockey is a team sport that enjoys significant popularity in a number of Latin countries.

Two five-man teams (four skaters and one goalkeeper) try to drive the ball with their sticks into the opponents' goal. The ball can only be put in motion by a stick, not the skate, otherwise a foul will be stated. The game has two 25-minute halves, plus up to two 5-minute periods to settle ties with the clock stopping when the ball becomes dead.

Players – including the goalie – use quad skates, whereas inline skates are used in inline hockey. Excessive contact between players is forbidden in rink hockey, unlike inline hockey.

Roller Hockey was a demonstration rollersport in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. There have been 43 editions of the Roller Hockey World Cup, with Latin countries dominating the sport since the 1940s: Spain (17 World titles), Portugal (15 World titles), Argentina (5 World titles) and Italy (4 World titles). Other countries, such as France, Brazil, Germany, Switzerland, Andorra and England are regular international competitors, but rarely overcome the traditional powers.

Roller Hockey is a very fast sport, which may create a problem for TV transmissions, and new rinks are built using blue or white pavement to make the ball more visible on TV.

Uruguayan National Roller Hockey League

The Uruguyan Roller Hockey Championship is the biggest Roller Hockey Clubs Championship in Uruguay.

Women's Roller Hockey World Cup

The Women's Roller Hockey World Cup is a competition between the best female national teams in the World. It takes place every two years and it was organized by the FIRS until its integration in the World Skate.

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