Roger Peckinpaugh

Roger Thorpe Peckinpaugh (February 5, 1891 – November 17, 1977) was an American professional baseball player shortstop and manager. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1910 through 1927, during which he played for the Cleveland Naps, New York Yankees, Washington Senators and Chicago White Sox.

Nap Lajoie discovered Peckinpaugh as a high school student, and signed him to his first professional contract. Peckinpaugh debuted with the Naps, who traded him to the Yankees in 1913. He managed the Yankees for 20 games in 1914 and was the team captain for the remainder of his time with the club. The Senators acquired Peckinpaugh, where he continued to play until his final season, spent with the White Sox. After his playing career, Peckinpaugh managed the Indians from 1928 through 1933 and in 1941. He was also a minor league baseball manager, and served in the front office of the Indians and Buffalo Bisons from 1942 through 1947.

Peckinpaugh was considered an excellent defensive shortstop and strong leader. When he managed the Yankees, he became the youngest manager in MLB history. He was named American League Most Valuable Player in 1925. He played in the World Series three times: winning the 1924 World Series with the Senators, losing the 1921 World Series with the Yankees, and losing the 1925 World Series with the Senators.

Roger Peckinpaugh
Roger Peckinpaugh2
Peckinpaugh with the Washington Senators in 1924
Shortstop / Manager
Born: February 5, 1891
Wooster, Ohio
Died: November 17, 1977 (aged 86)
Cleveland, Ohio
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 15, 1910, for the Cleveland Naps
Last MLB appearance
September 25, 1927, for the Chicago White Sox
MLB statistics
Batting average.259
Home runs48
Runs batted in740
Stolen bases205
Managerial record500–491
Winning %.505
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards

Early life and amateur career

Peckinpaugh was born in Wooster, Ohio, the third child of Frank and Cora Peckinpaugh. His father played semi-professional baseball.[1]

At a young age, the Peckinpaughs moved from Wooster to Cleveland. He attended East Technical High School, where he played American football, basketball, and baseball. There, Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Naps, who lived in the same neighborhood, discovered Peckinpaugh.[1] Lajoie signed Peckinpaugh to a contract with a salary of $125 per month ($3,361 in current dollar terms) when he graduated from high school in 1910.[1]

Playing career

Cleveland Naps and New York Yankees (1910–1921)

The Naps started Peckinpaugh's professional career by assigning him to the New Haven Prairie Hens of the Class-B Connecticut League. He was promoted to the Naps to make his Major League Baseball (MLB) debut in September 1910, playing in 15 games for the Naps at age 19. The Naps assigned Peckinpaugh to the Portland Beavers of the Class-A Pacific Coast League for the entire 1911 season.[1][2] He appeared in 70 games for the Naps in 1912, batting only .212. On May 25, 1913, after giving the starting shortstop position to Ray Chapman, the Naps traded Peckinpaugh to the New York Yankees for Jack Lelivelt and Bill Stumpf.[3]

Roger Peckinpaugh, New York AL and Larry Doyle, New York NL (baseball) (LOC)
Peckinpaugh (left) with Larry Doyle (right) of the New York Giants

The Naps soon regretted the trade.[3] With the Yankees, Peckinpaugh emerged as a team leader. He was named captain in 1914 by manager Frank Chance.[1] Chance resigned with three weeks remaining in the season, and Peckinpaugh served as player–manager for the remainder of the season;[4][5] at the age of 23, he became the youngest manager in MLB history.[1] He finished the 1914 season fifth in the AL with 38 stolen bases.[6]

Roger Peckinpaugh, New York AL (baseball) (LOC)
Peckinpaugh with the New York Yankees

Bill Donovan was hired as the Yankees manager in the offseason. In the 1914–15 offseason, Peckinpaugh considered leaving the Yankees to join the Federal League, as he received offers from the Chicago Federals, Buffalo Blues, and Indianapolis Hoosiers.[7] After considering the offer from Chicago,[8] he chose to stay with the Yankees, and received a three-year contract worth $6,000 ($148,599 in current dollar terms) per season from 1915 through 1917.[1] He resigned with the Yankees in 1918.[9] Peckinpaugh tied Buck Weaver for fourth in runs scored (89) and several players for eighth in home runs (7) in the 1919 season.[10]

By the 1921 season, Peckinpaugh was one of three players, along with Wally Pipp and Bob Shawkey, remaining with the Yankees from the time Jacob Ruppert and Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston purchased the team in 1915.[11] The Yankees reached the World Series in 1921, losing to the New York Giants. Peckinpaugh set an MLB record for most assists in one game by a shortstop with nine.[12]

Washington Senators and Chicago White Sox (1922–1926)

Peckinpaugh was traded twice during the 1921–22 offseason. On December 20, 1921, the Yankees traded Peckinpaugh with Rip Collins, Bill Piercy, Jack Quinn and $100,000 ($1,404,664 in current dollar terms) to the Boston Red Sox for Bullet Joe Bush, Sad Sam Jones and Everett Scott.[1][13] On January 10, 1922, Pecknipaugh was involved in a three-team trade involving the Red Sox, Washington Senators and Philadelphia Athletics, where Peckinpaugh joined the Senators, Joe Dugan and Frank O'Rourke went to the Red Sox, and the Athletics acquired Bing Miller, José Acosta, and $50,000 ($748,410 in current dollar terms).[1][14] Though team owner Clark Griffith had indicated that Peckinpaugh would serve as his player-manager at the time of the trade,[15] he named Clyde Milan player-manager for the 1922 season instead.[16] This distracted Peckinpaugh, and along with injuries, limited his performance.[1]

Chance, now managing the Boston Red Sox, attempted to acquire Peckinpaugh from the Senators before the 1923 season.[17] Remaining in Washington, Peckinpaugh rebounded during the 1923 season with timely hitting and solid fielding.[18]

No Known Restrictions Baseball Peckingpaugh Out at Home, 1924 or 1925 (LOC) (416096774)
Peckinpaugh tagged out at home in the mid-1920s

Griffith appointed Bucky Harris as manager before the 1924 season. Harris considered Peckinpaugh his "assistant manager".[1] Peckinpaugh was a key contributor in the 1924 World Series, in which the Senators defeated the Giants.[19] He won the League Award as the AL's Most Valuable Player in 1925, edging Al Simmons by a small margin.[20] In the 1925 World Series against the Pittsburgh Pirates, Peckinpaugh committed eight errors in the seven-game series, an MLB record.[21]

On January 15, 1927, the Senators traded Peckinpaugh to the Chicago White Sox for Leo Mangum and Sloppy Thurston.[22] However, his playing time with the White Sox was limited by a leg injury.[2] He acted as an advisor to manager Ray Schalk.[23] After one season with the White Sox, Peckinpaugh retired as a player.[1]

Managerial and executive career

Peckinpaugh was named manager of the Cleveland Indians after the 1927 season.[2] After the Indians fell from first to fifth place during the 1933 season, the Indians fired Peckinpaugh, replacing him with Walter Johnson.[24]

After being considered for the Detroit Tigers' managerial vacancy that offseason,[25] Peckinpaugh took over as manager of the Kansas City Blues of the Class-AA American Association for the 1934 season.[26] Out of professional baseball in 1935, Peckinpaugh joined Lew Fonseca on nationwide baseball tours, which involved the viewing of a movie and technical demonstrations.[27][28] He applied to be manager of the Boston Bees for the 1938 season, but the job was given to Casey Stengel.[29] Peckinpaugh returned to professional baseball as the manager of the New Orleans Pelicans of the Class-A1 Southern Association in 1939.[30]

The Indians rehired Peckinpaugh as their manager in 1941, signing him to a two-year contract; team president Alva Bradley, who fired Peckinpaugh in 1933, promised Peckinpaugh full cooperation and minimal interference.[31] After the 1941 season, he was promoted to vice president,[32] later serving as Cleveland's general manager (GM) and president.[1] When Bill Veeck bought the Indians in July 1946, he brought Harry Grabiner and Joseph C. Hostetler with him to serve in the front office. Peckinpaugh and Bradley resigned.[33]

Peckinpaugh succeeded Harris as GM for the Buffalo Bisons of the International League in the 1946–47 offseason.[34] He was fired after the 1947 season,[35] as the team's directors felt Peckinpaugh didn't sufficiently develop a farm system.[36]


Peckinpaugh was considered a calm baseball player and manager, who did not let his temper get the best of him.[37]

After the end of his baseball career, Peckinpaugh worked as a manufacturer's representative for the Cleveland Oak Belting Company.[1] He retired in 1976 at the age of 85. Suffering from cancer and heart disease, he was brought to a hospital for a respiratory condition, and died on November 17, 1977 in Cleveland.[21] He was buried in Acacia Masonic Memorial Park in Mayfield Heights, Ohio.[38] His wife, Mildred, died five years earlier.[1] Together, they had four sons.[39] Peckinpaugh was survived by two of his sons.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Gordon, Peter. "Roger Peckinpaugh". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Roger Peckinpaugh Named to Manage Cleveland Indians". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. December 10, 1927. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Nap-Yankee Trade May Yet Be Closed". The Pittsburgh Press. July 29, 1913. p. 20. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  4. ^ "Peckinpaugh in Charge of Yanks". The Day. September 16, 1914. p. 11. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  5. ^ "Chance Paid Off, Quits The Yankees – Roger Peckinpaugh Appointed Manager of Team for Remainder of Season". The New York Times. September 16, 1914. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  6. ^ "1914 American League Batting Leaders". Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  7. ^ "Feds After Peckinpaugh – Yankees' Shortstop Has Received Offers from Buffalo and Indianapolis". The New York Times. December 29, 1914. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  8. ^ "Roger Peckinpaugh is Still on Anxious Seat". The Milwaukee Sentinel. January 10, 1915. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  9. ^ "Huggins Brings Captain Peckinpaugh And Two Other Players To Yankee Fold; Peck Joins Ranks Of Signed Yankees: Captain and Star Shortstop Comes to Terms After Chat with Huggins. Young Pitcher In Line: Thormahlen Ready for Season-- Miller Also Decides to Come Into Fold". The New York Times. March 5, 1918. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  10. ^ "1919 American League Batting Leaders". Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  11. ^ "Miller Huggins Seeks Material for Yank Team: World's Series Emphasized Need for First Class Hurlers". The Telegraph-Herald. December 14, 1921. p. 13. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  12. ^ "Williams and Costner Clash". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. July 11, 1950. p. 7. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  13. ^ "Majors Trade Ball Players". The Evening Independent. December 21, 1921. p. 12. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  14. ^ "3-Team Deal Sends Peck to Senators — Ex-Yankee to Become Playing Manager at Washington- Joe Dugan to Red Sox. Mack Gets Two Players: Miller and Acosta Go to Athletics, O'Rourke" (PDF). The New York Times. January 11, 1922. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  15. ^ "Roger Peckinpaugh Gets Pilot's Job at Washington in Big Deal: Senators, Red Sox and Mackmen Trade Players--"Bing" Miller Goes to Philadelphia". The Atlanta Constitution. January 11, 1922. p. 11. Retrieved March 2, 2012. (subscription required)
  16. ^ "Logical Man to Assume Reins Over the Washington Nationals". Detroit Free Press. January 12, 1922. p. 15. Retrieved March 2, 2012. (subscription required)
  17. ^ "Frank Chance Would Like To Get Roger Peckinpaugh For Red Sox". The Evening Independent. February 10, 1923. p. 14. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  18. ^ "Travis Jackson Should Prove Good Utility Man For Giants in Series". Providence News. September 28, 1923. p. 13. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  19. ^ Vaughan, Irving (October 10, 1924). "Peck the Hero as Griffs Win From Giants: Leads Attack in 2–1 Victory. Bucky Saves the Day". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 21, 2012. (subscription required)
  20. ^ "Peckinpaugh Voted Most Valuable Player In American League — Simmons Is Second". The New York Times. September 24, 1925. Retrieved March 21, 2012. (subscription required)
  21. ^ a b "Roger Peckinpaugh Dies at 86". St. Petersburg Times. November 19, 1977. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  22. ^ "Roger Peck is Traded to Chicago White Sox". The Milwaukee Journal. January 16, 1927. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  23. ^ "Roger Peckinpaugh Named To Manage Cleveland Indians: Noted Player To Lead Tribe In 1928 Chase; Was Voted Most Valuable Star in American Loop in 1925". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. December 10, 1927. pp. 2–4. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  24. ^ "Johnson Named Cleveland Pilot: Former Famous Pitcher Succeeds Peckinpaugh As Indians' Manager". Reading Eagle. Associated Press. June 9, 1933. p. 6. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  25. ^ "Steve O'Neill in Line-Up for Tiger Manager: Mud Hen Boss Mentioned Along With Ruth; Is Under Contract Here". The Toledo News-Bee. September 25, 1933. p. 10. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  26. ^ "Peckinpaugh Is Named Manager At Kansas City". Chicago Tribune. December 14, 1933. Retrieved March 21, 2012. (subscription required)
  27. ^ Garrison, Wilton (January 8, 1935). "Sport Shots". The Spartanburg Herald-Journal. p. 7. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  28. ^ "Lew Fonseca Keeps Busy As Baseball "Missionary"". Meriden Record. Associated Press. January 27, 1937. p. 4. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  29. ^ "Bees Pick Stengel From More Than 150 Applicants to Manage Team in 1938 – Stengel Accepts Offer From Bees". The New York Times. Oct 26, 1937. Retrieved June 26, 2012. (subscription required)
  30. ^ "Roger Peckinpaugh to Manage Pelicans". The Palm Beach Post. Associated Press. December 18, 1938. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  31. ^ Hauck, Larry (November 13, 1940). "Roger Peckinpaugh, Once Fired, Returns as Pilot of Cleveland". Ottawa Citizen. Associated Press. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  32. ^ "24-Year Old Boudreau to Manage Tribe, Becomes Youngest Major League Pilot in History: Appointment Follows Elevation of Roger Peckinpaugh to Front Office Job of Vice President". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. November 26, 1941. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  33. ^ "Bill Veeck Closes Deal for Cleveland Ball Club: Former Brewer Head Will Be President and Harry Grabiner Vice President". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. June 22, 1946. p. 6. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  34. ^ "Bisons Sign Peckinpaugh — Major League Veteran Becomes Buffalo General Manager". The New York Times. November 13, 1946. Retrieved March 21, 2012. (subscription required)
  35. ^ "Peckinpaugh Fired By Buffalo Club". Toledo Blade. Associated Press. October 27, 1947. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  36. ^ "Richards Succeeds Peckinpaugh at Buffalo". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. October 28, 1947. p. 15. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  37. ^ "Quiet Players In Favor With Fans". The Day. July 18, 1917. p. 10. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  38. ^ Vigil, Vicki Blum (2007). Cemeteries of Northeast Ohio: Stones, Symbols & Stories. Cleveland, Ohio: Gray & Company. ISBN 978-1-59851-025-6.
  39. ^ "Walter Stidger Peckinpaugh". The Missoulian. September 19, 2013. Retrieved September 27, 2013.

External links

1912 Cleveland Naps season

The 1912 Cleveland Naps season was a season in American baseball. The Naps had two of the best hitters in the majors in Shoeless Joe Jackson and Nap Lajoie. Despite this, they ended up back in the second division, finishing in fifth place with a record of 75-78.

1914 New York Yankees season

The 1914 New York Yankees season was the club's twelfth in New York and fourteenth overall. The team finished with a record of 70–84, coming in 7th place in the American League.

1921 New York Yankees season

The 1921 New York Yankees season was the 19th season for the Yankees in New York and their 21st overall. The team finished with a record of 98–55, winning their first pennant in franchise history, winning the American League by 4½ games over the previous year's champion, the Cleveland Indians. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. Their home games were played at the Polo Grounds.

1924 Washington Senators season

The 1924 Washington Senators won 92 games, lost 62, and finished in first place in the American League. Fueled by the excitement of winning their first AL pennant, the Senators won the World Series in dramatic fashion, a 12-inning game 7 victory.

1925 World Series

In the 1925 World Series, the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the defending champion Washington Senators in seven games.

In a reversal of fortune on all counts from the previous 1924 World Series, when Washington's Walter Johnson had come back from two losses to win the seventh and deciding game, Johnson dominated in Games 1 and 4, but lost Game 7.

The Senators built up a 3–1 Series lead. After Pittsburgh won the next two games, Johnson again took the mound for Game 7, and carried a 6–4 lead into the bottom of the seventh inning. But errors by shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh in both the seventh and eighth innings led to four unearned runs, and the Pirates become the first team in a best-of-seven Series to overcome a 3–1 Series deficit to win the championship. Peckinpaugh, the Senators' regular shortstop and the 1925 American League Most Valuable Player, had a tough Series in the field, committing a record eight errors.

Playing conditions were of no help. The 1925 Series was postponed twice due to poor weather, and Game 7 was played in what soon became a steady downpour, described as "probably the worst conditions ever for a World Series game." Senators outfielder Goose Goslin reported that the fog prevented him from clearly seeing the infield during the last three innings of the game, and claimed that the Series-winning hit was actually a foul ball. In the next day's The New York Times, James Harrison wrote "In a grave of mud was buried Walter Johnson's ambition to join the select panel of pitchers who have won three victories in one World Series. With mud shackling his ankles and water running down his neck, the grand old man of baseball succumbed to weariness, a sore leg, wretched support and the most miserable weather conditions that ever confronted a pitcher."Twice in Game 7 the visiting Senators held leads of at least three runs over the Pirates but failed to hold them. In fact, after the top of the first inning, Washington led 4-0. Nevertheless, Pittsburgh eventually won the game, scoring three runs in the bottom of the eighth inning to turn a 6-7 deficit into a 9-7 lead. To date, the four-run deficit is the largest ever overcome in the seventh game of the World Series.

A memorable play occurred during the eighth inning of Game 3. The Senators' Sam Rice ran after an Earl Smith line drive hit into right center field. Rice made a diving "catch" into the temporary stands, but did not emerge with the ball for approximately fifteen seconds. The Pirates contested the play, saying a fan probably stuffed the ball into Rice's glove. The call stood and Rice parried questions about the incident for the rest of his life—never explicitly saying whether he had or had not really made the catch. His typical answer (including to Commissioner Landis, who said it was a good answer) was always "The umpire said I caught it." Rice left a sealed letter at the Hall of Fame to be opened after his death. In it, he had written: "At no time did I lose possession of the ball."

Writer Lamont Buchanan wrote, "In 1925, the Senators hopped the Big Train once too often... earning Bucky [Harris] the criticism of many fans and American League head [Ban] Johnson who dispatched an irate wire to the Senators manager." In his telegram, Ban Johnson accused the manager of failing to relieve Walter Johnson "for sentimental reasons." Despite the second-guessing, Harris always said, 'If I had it to do over again, I'd still pitch Johnson.'" Contrary to what Ron Darling claimed, this was Walter Johnson's last World Series. By the time the original Washington Senators next reached the Fall Classic in 1933---their last before they became the Minnesota Twins---Johnson had retired.

1925 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1925 throughout the world.

1927 Chicago White Sox season

The 1927 Chicago White Sox season was a season in Major League Baseball. The team finished fifth in the American League, 39 games behind the pennant-winning New York Yankees.

1928 Cleveland Indians season

The 1928 Cleveland Indians season was a season in American baseball. The team finished seventh in the American League with a record of 62–92, 39 games behind the New York Yankees.

1929 Cleveland Indians season

The 1929 Cleveland Indians season was a season in American baseball. The team finished third in the American League with a record of 81–71, 24 games behind the Philadelphia Athletics.

1930 Cleveland Indians season

The 1930 Cleveland Indians season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fourth in the American League with a record of 81–73, 21 games behind the Philadelphia Athletics.

1931 Cleveland Indians season

The 1931 Cleveland Indians season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fourth in the American League with a record 78–76, 30 games behind the Philadelphia Athletics.

1932 Cleveland Indians season

The 1932 Cleveland Indians season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fourth in the American League with a record of 87–65, 19 games behind the New York Yankees.

1932 Major League Baseball season

The 1932 Major League Baseball season.

1933 Cleveland Indians season

The 1933 Cleveland Indians season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fourth in the American League with a record of 75–76, 23½ games behind the Washington Senators.

Hal Trosky

Harold Arthur Trosky Sr., born Harold Arthur Trojovsky (November 11, 1912 – June 18, 1979), was an American first baseman in Major League Baseball for the Cleveland Indians (1933–1941) and the Chicago White Sox (1944, 1946). Trosky was born in Norway, Iowa. He batted left-handed and threw right-handed. His son, Hal Trosky Jr., pitched briefly (3 innings) with the White Sox in 1958.

Trosky had a career .302 batting average, with a high of .343 in 1936. He hit 228 career home runs and had 1012 RBIs. He had 1561 career hits. His 216 HRs with the Indians ranks him fifth on the team's all-time list, behind Earl Averill, Manny Ramirez, Albert Belle, and Jim Thome. His best numbers came in his third full year in the major leagues, 1936, when he had 42 home runs, 162 RBIs, and a .644 slugging percentage. Despite being hailed as the next Babe Ruth, he is widely considered one of the best players to never make an All-Star team. The reason for this omission was the ill-fortune of being an American League first baseman at the same time as Hall of Fame first basemen Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx and Hank Greenberg.

Starting in 1938, Trosky started experiencing near constant migraine headaches, which began to affect his vision. After nearly being hit by a pitch, he announced on July 12, 1941, to Indians manager Roger Peckinpaugh and reporters, "a fellow can't go on like this forever. If I can't find some relief, I'll simply have to give up and spend the rest of my days on my farm in Iowa." Peckinpaugh replaced Trosky with Oscar Grimes. Trosky retired in 1946 at age 33.

Jim Battle

For the American football player see Jim Battle (American football)

James Milton Battle (March 26, 1901 – September 30, 1965) was a reserve infielder in Major League Baseball. Listed at 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m), 170 lb., he batted and threw right-handed.

A native of Bailey, Texas, Battle played briefly for the Chicago White Sox during the 1927 season as a backup for third baseman Willie Kamm and shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh. In a six-game majors career, Battle was a .375 (3-for-8) hitter with one triple and one run scored without home runs or RBI. He also spent parts of seven seasons in the Minor leagues with the Longview Cannibals (1924-'25), Paris Bearcats (1925-'26), Little Rock Travelers (1927), Seattle Indians (1928), Waco Cubs (1928-'29) and Dallas Steers (1929), registering a .286 average (737-for-2573) with 23 homers in 594 game appearances.

Battle died in Chico, California, at the age of 64.

List of Cleveland Indians managers

The Cleveland Indians are a professional baseball franchise based in Cleveland, Ohio that formed in 1901. They are members of the Central division of Major League Baseball's American League. The current manager of the Indians is Terry Francona, who replaced Manny Acta after the end of the 2012 season.

The Indians have had 46 managers in their history. Jimmy McAleer became the first manager of the then Cleveland Blues in 1901, serving for one season. In 1901, McAleer was replaced with Bill Armour. The Indians made their first playoff appearance under Tris Speaker in 1920. Out of the six managers that have led the Indians into the postseason, only Speaker and Lou Boudreau have led the Indians to World Series championships, doing so in 1920 and 1948, respectively. Al López (1954), Mike Hargrove (1995 and 1997) and Terry Francona (2016) have also appeared in World Series with the Indians. The highest winning percentage of any manager who managed at least one season was Lopez, with a percentage of .617. The lowest percentage was Johnny Lipon's .305 in 1971, although he managed for only 59 games. The lowest percentage of a manager with at least one season with the Indians was McAleer's .397 in 1901.

Armour became the first manager who held the title of manager for the Indians for more than one season. Boudreau has managed more games (1383) than any other Indians manager, closely followed by Hargrove (1364). Charlie Manuel, Eric Wedge, Speaker, Boudreau, Lopez, and Hargrove are the only managers to have led the Indians into the playoffs. Speaker, Boudreau, Lopez, Walter Johnson, Joe Gordon, Nap Lajoie and Frank Robinson are the seven members of the Baseball Hall of Fame who are also former managers of this club. Of those seven, Lopez is the only one inducted as a manager.The highest win–loss total for an Indians manager is held by Boudreau, with 728 wins and 649 losses. Wedge became the first Indians manager to win the Manager of the Year award, in 2007.

List of New York Yankees captains

There have been 15 captains of the New York Yankees, an American professional baseball franchise also known previously as the New York Highlanders. The position is currently vacant after the most recent captain, Derek Jeter, retired after the 2014 season, after 12 seasons as team captain. Jeter was named as the 11th officially recognized captain of the Yankees in 2003. In baseball, the captain formerly served as the on-field leader of the team, while the manager operated the team from the dugout. Today, the captain is a clubhouse leader.

The first captain officially recognized by the Yankees was Hal Chase, who served in the role from 1910 through 1912. Roger Peckinpaugh served as captain from 1914 through 1922, until he was traded to the Boston Red Sox. He was succeeded by Babe Ruth, who was quickly deposed as captain for climbing into the stands to confront a heckler. Everett Scott served as captain from 1922 through 1925. Ten years later, Lou Gehrig was named captain, serving for the remainder of his career. After the death of Gehrig, then manager Joe McCarthy declared that the Yankees would never have another captain. The position remained vacant until team owner George Steinbrenner named Thurman Munson as captain in 1976. Following Munson's death, Graig Nettles served as captain. Willie Randolph and Ron Guidry were named co-captains in 1986. Don Mattingly followed them as captain in 1991, serving until his retirement in 1995. Gehrig, Munson, Guidry, Mattingly and Jeter are the only team captains who spent their entire career with the Yankees. Jeter is the longest tenured captain in franchise history, the 2014 season being his 12th as team captain.

There is, however, some controversy over the official list. Howard W. Rosenberg, a baseball historian, found that the official count of Yankees captains failed to include Clark Griffith, the captain from 1903–1905, and Kid Elberfeld, the captain from 1906–1907, while manager Frank Chance may have served as captain in 1913.In addition, right after The New York Times reported Rosenberg's research in 2007, Society for American Baseball Research member Clifford Blau contacted him to say he had found Willie Keeler being called the team's captain in 1908 and 1909, research that Rosenberg has confirmed.


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