Rod Carew

Rodney Cline Carew (born October 1, 1945) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) first baseman, second baseman and coach of Panamanian descent. He played from 1967 to 1985 for the Minnesota Twins and the California Angels and was elected to the All-Star game every season except his last. While Carew was never a home run threat (only 92 of his 3,053 hits were home runs), he made a career out of being a consistent contact hitter. He threw right-handed and batted left-handed. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and the Caribbean Baseball Hall of Fame. Carew served as an MLB coach for several years after retiring as a player.

Rod Carew
Rod Carew 2008
Carew in 2008
First baseman / Second baseman
Born: October 1, 1945 (age 73)
Gatún, Panama Canal Zone
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 11, 1967, for the Minnesota Twins
Last MLB appearance
October 5, 1985, for the California Angels
MLB statistics
Batting average.328
Hits3,053
Home runs92
Runs batted in1,015
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1991
Vote90.5% (first ballot)

Early life

Carew is the son of Olga Teoma, and Eric Carew, Sr. a painter.[1][2] Carew is a Zonian and was born to a Panamanian mother on a train in the town of Gatún, which, at that time, was in the Panama Canal Zone. The train was racially segregated; white passengers were given the better forward cars, while non-whites, like Carew's mother, were forced to ride in the rearward cars. Traveling on the train was Dr. Rodney Cline, who delivered the baby. In appreciation for this, Mrs. Carew named the boy Rodney Cline Carew.[3]

At age 14, Carew and his family immigrated to the United States and settled in the Washington Heights section of the borough of Manhattan, New York City. Although Carew attended George Washington High School, he never played baseball for the high school team. Instead, Carew played semi-pro baseball for the Bronx Cavaliers, which is where he was discovered by Minnesota Twins' scout Monroe Katz (whose son, Steve, played with Carew on the Cavaliers). Katz then recommended Carew to another Twins' scout, Herb Stein, who along with Katz signed Carew to an amateur free agent contract (at the Stella D'Oro Restaurant in the Bronx) on June 24, 1964.[4][5]

Starting his minor league career, Carew was assigned to play second base with the Melbourne (FL) Twins in the Cocoa Rookie League and hit .325 over the final 37 games of the season.[6] Promoted to the Single-A Orlando Twins in the Florida State League the following season, Carew hit .303 with 20 doubles, eight triples and one home run. Carew spent the 1966 season back at Single-A, but this time with the Wilson Tobs in the Carolina League.

Major league career

Rod-carew cleveland 08-31-1975
Carew with the Minnesota Twins warming up before a game in Cleveland in 1975

Carew won the American League (AL) Rookie of the Year award in 1967[3] and was elected to the first of 18 consecutive All-Star game appearances. Carew stole home seven times in the 1969 season to lead the majors, just missing Ty Cobb's Major League record of eight and the most in the major leagues since Pete Reiser stole seven for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1946. In 1972, Carew led the AL in batting, hitting .318; he had no home runs for the only time in his career. This was the first time since 1918, when Zack Wheat won the National League batting championship, that a player won the batting title with no home runs.

In 1975, Carew won his fourth consecutive AL batting title.[7] He joined Ty Cobb as the only players to lead the major leagues in batting average for three consecutive seasons. Seeing time predominantly at second base early in his career, Carew moved to first base in September 1975 and stayed there for the rest of his career. In the 1977 season, Carew batted .388, which was the highest since Boston's Ted Williams hit .388 in 1957; he won the 1977 AL Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award. He had finished in the top 15 in AL MVP voting in every season between 1972 and 1976.[7] In the summer of 1977, Carew appeared on the cover of Time with the caption "Baseball's Best Hitter".[8] He won two more batting titles in 1977 and 1978, hitting .388 and .333.[7]

In 1979, frustrated by the Twins' inability to keep young talent, some racist comments by Calvin Griffith, and the Twins' overall penny-pinching negotiating style,[5] Carew announced his intention to leave the Twins. On February 3, Carew was traded to the Angels for outfielder Ken Landreaux, catcher/first baseman Dave Engle, right-handed pitcher Paul Hartzell, and left-handed pitcher Brad Havens.[9] Although it would have represented an infusion of talent, the Twins were unable to complete a possibly better deal with the New York Yankees in January in which Carew would have moved to the Yankees in exchange for Chris Chambliss, Juan Beníquez, Dámaso García, and Dave Righetti.[10]

Rod Carew at Yankee Stadium
Carew bats at Yankee Stadium in 1979.

Though Carew did not win a batting title after 1978, he hit between .305 and .339 from 1979 to 1983.[7] In 1982, Carew broke his hand early in the season. Newspaper reports characterized him as swinging one-handed that season due to pain, but he put together a 25-game hitting streak at one point in the season.[11] He played in 138 games that year and hit .319. The Angels went to the playoffs in 1982, which was Carew's fourth and final appearance in postseason play. The team lost a five-game series (three games to two) to the Milwaukee Brewers. Carew played in all five games, but he hit .176 (three hits in 17 at-bats).[7]

On August 4, 1985, Carew joined an elite group of ballplayers when he got his 3,000th base hit against Minnesota Twins left-hander Frank Viola at the former Anaheim Stadium.[3] The 1985 season was his last. After the season, Rod Carew was granted free agency, after the Angels declined to offer him a new contract, but he received no offers from other teams. Carew suspected that baseball owners were colluding to keep him (and other players) from signing.[12] On January 10, 1995, nearly a decade after his forced retirement, arbitrator Thomas Roberts ruled that the owners had violated the rules of baseball's second collusion agreement. Carew was awarded damages equivalent to what he would have likely received in 1986: $782,035.71.[12] Carew finished his career with 3,053 hits and a lifetime batting average of .328.[13]

Through 2017, Carew still holds many places on the Twins all-time franchise lists including: the highest career batting average (.334), the second highest on-base percentage (.393; tied with Buddy Myer), fourth highest in intentional walks (99), and fifth in hits (2,085) and stolen bases (271).[14] He also holds many places in Angels franchise history including highest career on-base percentage (.393), the second highest batting average (.314), and sixth highest in both intentional walks (45) and sacrifice hits (60).[15] Carew's career total of 17 steals of home ties him for 17th on the all-time MLB list with former New York Giant MVP Larry Doyle and fellow Hall of Famer Eddie Collins.[3][4]

In a pre-game ceremony before the 2016 MLB All Star Game in San Diego, the American League batting championship trophy was named the Rod Carew American League Batting Championship Award.

Outside baseball

Military service

During the 1960s, Carew served a six-year commitment in the United States Marine Corps Reserve as a combat engineer.[16] He later said that his military experience helped him in his baseball career. Carew said, "When I joined the Marine Corps, it was a life-changing event for me because I learned about discipline. When I first came up to the big leagues in 1967, I was a little bit of a hot-head. But after two weeks of war games every summer, I realized that baseball was not do-or-die. That kind of discipline made me the player I became."[17]

Confusion over conversion to Judaism

There is no evidence that Carew ever formally converted to Judaism, although he wore a chai necklace during his playing days. His first wife, Marilynn Levy, is Jewish[9] and he was a member of Temple Beth Shalom[18] in Santa Ana, California. Their three daughters were raised in the Jewish tradition and had their bat mitzvahs there. When one daughter, Michelle, died at age 18, services were held at Beth Shalom,[19] and she was buried in the family plot at the United Hebrew Brotherhood Cemetery in Richfield, Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis, where Rod Carew played for the Minnesota Twins.[20]

A 1976 article written in Esquire magazine was one of the first publications to assert that Carew is Jewish. Sportswriter Harry Stein released his "All-Time All-Star Argument Starter" article which consisted of five different ethnic-based baseball teams. Carew was erroneously named the second baseman on Stein's All-Jewish team. A 2007 Salon article named Carew one of the 18 best Jewish ballplayers of all time; the article clarified that Carew was not Jewish but commended him for raising his children in the faith and for marrying Levy in spite of death threats he received.[21]

Another source propagating the story is the 1994 song, "The Chanukah Song", written and performed by entertainer Adam Sandler, in which he lists famous Jews of the 20th century: "...O.J. Simpson... not a Jew! But guess who is: Hall of Famer Rod Carew. - He converted." Carew later wrote Sandler and explained the situation, adding that Carew thought the song was "pretty funny." Neil Diamond later mentioned the ballplayer in his version of "The Chanukah Song".

After retirement

RodCarewTwins
Rod Carew's number 29 was retired by the Minnesota Twins in 1987.
AngelsRetired29
Rod Carew's number 29 was retired by the California Angels in 1986.

Carew moved to the community of Anaheim Hills, California while playing with the Angels and remained there after his retirement.[22] Carew was hired as the Angels hitting coach on November 5, 1991 and served in a similar capacity with the Milwaukee Brewers. He is credited with helping develop young hitters like Garret Anderson, Jim Edmonds, and Tim Salmon. Carew has also worked at various times as a minor league and spring training hitting and base running coach for the Twins and serves as an international youth baseball instructor for Major League Baseball.[23]

Rod married second wife Rhonda in December 2001 and she has two children, Cheyenne and Devon. Devout Christians, the family attends Saddleback Church in Lake Forest, California.

On January 19, 2004, Panama City's National Stadium was renamed "Rod Carew Stadium".[24] In 2005, Carew was named the second baseman on the Major League Baseball Latino Legends Team.[25]

Carew's number 29 was retired by the Twins on July 19, 1987, and by the Angels in 1986. Carew was the fourth inductee into the Angels' Hall of Fame on August 6, 1991.[26][27] Carew was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1991, his first year of eligibility, the 22nd player so elected. In 1999, he ranked #61 on The Sporting News' list of 100 Greatest Baseball Players,[28] and was nominated as a finalist for Major League Baseball's All-Century Team. Carew was inducted into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame in 2010.[29]

Rod Carew talks to fan in May 2014
Carew (left) talks to a fan in May 2014.

Carew has three biological children from his first marriage – Charryse, Stephanie, and Michelle. In September 1995, his youngest of three daughters, Michelle, was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia, a relatively rare leukemia for a young person. Doctors wanted to perform a bone marrow transplant, but Michelle's rare ethnic heritage complicated the search for a matching donor; her father was black with West Indian and Panamanian roots and her mother was of Russian-Jewish ancestry. Carew pleaded for those of similar ethnic background to come forward. When no matching bone marrow donor was found, an umbilical cord blood transplant was performed in March 1996. Michelle died on April 17, 1996 at the age of 18.[30] A statue of her has been installed in Angel Stadium of Anaheim.[31]

Carew began using chewing tobacco in 1964 and was a regular user up to 1992, when a cancerous growth in his mouth was discovered and removed. The years of use had severely damaged his teeth and gums, and Carew has spent a reported $100,000 in restorative dental work.[32]

In September 2015 Carew suffered a massive heart attack while on a California golf course.[33] He was hospitalized for more than six weeks, and had several surgical procedures, which culminated with implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD).[34] Carew recovered sufficiently to take part in the Twins' 2016 spring training as an instructor, coach, and launch the Heart of 29 Campaign.[35] Further, Carew became involved in the branding and launching of a Left Ventricular Assist Device wear company, Carew Medical Wear In February 2016, Carew indicated that his doctors informed him that he would eventually need a heart transplant.[35] The transplant was done on December 15, 2016.[36] Carew's transplanted heart was donated by former Baltimore Ravens tight end Konrad Reuland. Reuland had attended middle school with Carew's children.[37]

Carew participated in the 2018 Rose Parade aboard the Donate Life float on New Year's Day, in honor of Reuland.[38]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Rod_Carew.aspx
  2. ^ http://obit.congofuneralhome.com/obitdisplay.html?id=859299
  3. ^ a b c d Pietrusza, David; Matthew Silverman; Gershman, Michael (2000). Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia. New York: Total Sports. ISBN 1-892129-34-5.
  4. ^ a b "Stealing Home Base Records by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "The Last of the Pure Baseball Men". The Atlantic. August 1, 1981. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  6. ^ "Rod Carew Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. October 1, 1945. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Rod Carew Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  8. ^ "Baseball's Best Hitter (Cover)". Time. July 18, 1977. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  9. ^ a b Charlton, James; Shatzkin, Mike; Holtje, Stephen (1990). The Ballplayers: baseball's ultimate biographical reference. New York: Arbor House/William Morrow and Company. pp. 155–156. ISBN 0-87795-984-6.
  10. ^ "Yankees, Twins still dickering". St. Petersburg Times. United Press International. January 30, 1979. Retrieved June 19, 2009.
  11. ^ "As hand heals, Rod Carew soars". Gainesville Sun. June 25, 1982. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  12. ^ a b Chass, Murray (January 18, 1995). "Baseball; Collusion Case Grants Unusual Damages". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  13. ^ "Rod Carew Stats". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Top 10 Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  16. ^ http://www.twincities.com/sports/ci_22877763/charley-walters-tubby-smiths-firing-leaves-undetermined-effect
  17. ^ Muder, Craig. "Character and Courage in Cooperstown". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
  18. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/keyword/michelle-carew
  19. ^ David Reyes, "Friends and Family Say Last Goodbye to Michelle Carew", Los Angeles Times, April 20, 1996 [2]
  20. ^ David Reyes, "Hundreds of Minnesotans Attend Funeral for Michelle Carew", Los Angeles Times April 20, 1996
  21. ^ Keri, Jonah. "The 18 best Jewish ballplayers of all time". Salon.com. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  22. ^ McCurdie, Jim (October 13, 1986). "They Have Carew's Number". Los Angeles. Retrieved April 15, 2008.
  23. ^ "Minnesota Twins Youth Baseball & Softball Training Camps". Mlb.mlb.com. August 26, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  24. ^ Connor, Joe (January 17, 2006). "Welcome to Panama". ESPN. Retrieved December 3, 2008.
  25. ^ "Chevrolet Presents the Major League Baseball Latino Legends Team unveiled today". MLB.com. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  26. ^ "Retired Numbers: Rod Carew". Minnesota.twins.mlb.com. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  27. ^ "Angels Retired numbers". Losangeles.angels.mlb.com. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  28. ^ http://www.baseball-almanac.com/legendary/lisn100.shtml
  29. ^ Price, DeAntae (July 13, 2010). "Roberto Clemente, Rod Carew honored at All-Star FanFest". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  30. ^ Litsky, Frank (April 18, 1996). "Baseball; Rod Carew's Daughter Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  31. ^ Pahigian, Josh and Kevin O'Connell (2004). The Ultimate Baseball Road-Trip: A Fan's Guide to Major League Stadiums. Globe Pequot. p. 428. ISBN 1592281591.
  32. ^ Rushin, Steve (November 23, 2015). "Rod Carew Opens Up About His Private Life And His Near-Death Experience". Sports Illustrated. New York, NY.
  33. ^ Rosenthal, Ken (February 27, 2016). "Rod Carew's Return Is Everything We Love About Baseball". Fox Sports. New York, NY.
  34. ^ a b Rod Carew's Return
  35. ^ Former Angels great Rod Carew reportedly set for heart transplant. Orange County Register. December 15, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  36. ^ http://news.heart.org/baseball-great-rod-carews-new-heart-kidney-came-from-nfl-player-konrad-reuland/
  37. ^ https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/2018/01/01/rod-carew-tribute-organ-donor-former-raven-konrad-reuland-rose-parade-float/994392001/

Further reading

External links

Preceded by
Wes Parker
Hitting for the cycle
May 20, 1970
Succeeded by
Tony Horton
1971 Minnesota Twins season

The 1971 Minnesota Twins finished 74–86, fifth in the American League West. 940,858 fans attended Twins games, the fifth-highest total in the American League, the first time the Twins failed to attract over one million fans since moving to Minnesota.

1972 Minnesota Twins season

The 1972 Minnesota Twins finished 77–77, third in the American League West.

1973 Minnesota Twins season

The 1973 Minnesota Twins finished 81–81, third in the American League West.

1974 Minnesota Twins season

The 1974 Minnesota Twins finished 82–80, third in the American League West.

1975 Minnesota Twins season

The 1975 Minnesota Twins finished 76–83, fourth in the American League West.

1977 Minnesota Twins season

The 1977 Minnesota Twins season was a season in American baseball. The team finished 84–77, fourth in the American League West.

1978 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1978 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 49th midseason exhibition between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was played on July 11, 1978, at San Diego Stadium in San Diego, home of the San Diego Padres of the National League. The game resulted in a 7-3 victory for the NL.

This was the first All-Star Game to be played in San Diego. It would return in 1992 to be played in the same stadium, though it was renamed Jack Murphy Stadium by that time.

The honorary captains were Brooks Robinson (for the AL) and Eddie Mathews (for the NL).

1978 Minnesota Twins season

The 1978 Minnesota Twins finished 73-89, fourth in the American League West.

1991 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1991 followed the system in place since 1978.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and elected three, Rod Carew, Ferguson Jenkins, and Gaylord Perry.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider older major league players as well as managers, umpires, executives, and figures from the Negro Leagues.

It selected two, Tony Lazzeri and Bill Veeck.

2011 Baseball World Cup

The 2011 Baseball World Cup was an international baseball tournament held from October 1 to October 15, 2011. It was the 39th and final Baseball World Cup. The International Baseball Federation selected Panama to host the tournament, turning down bids from Chinese Taipei and Venezuela. The Netherlands defeated Cuba 2–1 to win their first World Cup title, and the first by a European nation since the inaugural event in 1938 won by Great Britain.

2013 World Baseball Classic – Qualifier 3

Qualifier 3 of the Qualifying Round of the 2013 World Baseball Classic was held at Rod Carew Stadium, Panama City, Panama from November 15 to 19, 2012.

Qualifier 3 was a modified double-elimination tournament. The winners for the first games matched up in the second game, while the losers faced each other in an elimination game. The winners of the elimination game then played the losers of the non-elimination game in another elimination game. The remaining two teams then played each other to determine the winners of the Qualifier 3.

2017 World Baseball Classic – Qualifier 3

Qualifier 3 of the Qualifying Round of the 2017 World Baseball Classic was held at Rod Carew Stadium, Panama City, Panama from March 17 to 20, 2016.

Qualifier 3 was a modified double-elimination tournament. The winners for the first games matched up in the second game, while the losers faced each other in an elimination game. The winners of the elimination game then played the losers of the non-elimination game in another elimination game. The remaining two teams then played each other to determine the winners of the Qualifier 3.

2019 Caribbean Series

The 2019 Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was the 61st edition of the international competition featuring the champions of the Cuban National Series, Dominican Professional Baseball League, Mexican Pacific League, Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League, Panamanian Professional Baseball League, and Venezuelan Professional Baseball League. It took place from February 4 to 10, 2019, at Estadio Nacional de Panamá in Panama City, Panama. The series was originally set to be hosted in Barquisimeto, Venezuela, but for the second consecutive year had to be moved to an alternate location. This was due primarily to security concerns stemming from the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis.The Toros de Herrera won the tournament, becoming the first team from Panama to win since the Carta Vieja Yankees in 1950. It was Panama's first appearance in a Caribbean Series since 1960.

American Amateur Baseball Congress

The American Amateur Baseball Congress (AABC) is an amateur baseball organization in the United States for players from sub-teens through adults. Founded in 1935, it coordinates its programs with USA Baseball and the American Baseball Coaches Association. AABC has eight (8) age-range divisions in the U.S., Puerto Rico, and Canada. There are also five (5) single-age divisions: 9's, 11's, 13's, 15's, and 17's. In some leagues, however, all divisions are age-range and none are single-age.

Under the AABC, each league has at least four (4) teams, each of which plays at least six (6) league games. Each league's winner goes on to state-tournament play. The winner of each state tournament goes to regional play and from there to the world series.

Estadio Nacional de Panamá

Estadio Nacional de Panama, also called the Rod Carew National Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Panama City, Panama. The stadium has a capacity of 27,000 and was built in 1999.

It is currently used mostly for baseball matches from the national league, and Panama national baseball team matches.It has also hosted many international baseball competitions as well as many concerts and different types of events.

In 2012, Qualifiers were held at the stadium for the 2013 World Baseball Classic, featuring the national baseball teams of Panama, Brazil, Colombia, and Nicaragua

The stadium is named after Rod Carew, a Hall-of-Fame Panamanian-American baseball player.

Since 2003, there have been many plans and talks of expanding the stadium's capacity to nearly 45,000.

Some of the artists that have performed in the Estadio Nacional de Panama include Backstreet Boys, Christina Aguilera, Sting, Enrique Iglesias, Soda Stereo, and Ruben Blades.

The New York Yankees and Miami Marlins scheduled two spring training exhibition games at the ballpark on March 15 and March 16, 2014.The 2019 Caribbean Series will be played here. This is Panama's first appearance in the tournament since 1960.

Estadio Rommel Fernández

Estadio Rommel Fernández Gutiérrez, named after the Panamanian football star Rommel Fernández, is a multi-purpose stadium located in Panama City. It is used for different sports, but mainly for the conduct of football (soccer) games. It was inaugurated February 6, 1970. It was designed to accommodate the XI Central American and Caribbean Games in 1970. Through further reforms, the stadium managed to reach the current capacity of 32,000 spectators all seated, now the largest stadium in Panama, above the Estadio Rod Carew of baseball. It is part of Sports City Irving Saladino.

List of Major League Baseball batting champions

In baseball, batting average (AVG) is a measure of a batter's success rate in achieving a hit during an at bat. In Major League Baseball (MLB), it is calculated by dividing a player's hits by his at bats (AB). In MLB, a player in each league wins the "batting title" each season for having the highest batting average that year. The American League (AL) winner is known as the "Rod Carew American League Batting Champion", while the National League (NL) leader is designated the "Tony Gwynn National League Batting Champion". Under current rules, a player must have 3.1 plate appearances (PA) per team game (for a total of 502 over the current 162-game season) to qualify for the batting title. However, if a player's lead in AVG is sufficiently large that enough hitless at bats can be added to reach this requirement and the player still would have the highest batting average, he wins the title. Tony Gwynn, for example, had 159 hits in 451 ABs in 1996 (.353 average) but only 498 PAs. Gwynn's batting average would have dropped to .349 (159 hits in 455 ABs) with four hitless ABs added to reach the 502 PA requirement, but this would still have been higher than the next-highest eligible player (.344 average), so he was awarded the 1996 NL batting title.The first batting average champion in the NL was Ross Barnes; in the league's inaugural 1876 season, Barnes batted .429 for the Chicago White Stockings. The AL was established in 1901, and Hall of Fame second baseman Nap Lajoie led that league with a .426 average for the Philadelphia Athletics. Ty Cobb of the Detroit Tigers, who also holds the highest career batting average of .366, led the AL in average in 11 (or 12) seasons. Honus Wagner and Gwynn are tied for the second-most titles, with eight apiece in the NL. It is unclear whether Lajoie or Cobb won the 1910 AL title, with some sources attributing the title to each man. If Cobb is credited with the 1910 title, he won 9 consecutive titles from 1907 to 1915 and 12 total titles for his career. Otherwise, Rogers Hornsby won the most consecutive titles, with six from 1920 to 1925. Without the 1910 title, Cobb still led the league in five consecutive seasons from 1911 to 1915. Cobb holds the record for highest average in two and three consecutive seasons (.414 from 1911 to 1912 and .408 from 1911 to 1913), but Hornsby holds the record for four and five consecutive seasons (.404 from 1922 to 1925 and .402 from 1921 to 1925). Wagner, Rod Carew, Wade Boggs, and Gwynn have each won four consecutive titles. Lajoie also had a streak of four league-leading seasons from 1901 to 1904 if he is credited with the contested AL title in 1902. At the 2016 MLB All-Star Game in San Diego, MLB announced that the AL and NL batting champions would henceforth be named in honor of Carew and Gwynn, respectively. Gwynn won all eight titles in the NL with the San Diego Padres, while Carew was a seven-time AL batting champion.Barnes' initial NL-leading average of .4286 in 1876 set the single-season record which stood for a decade. Tip O'Neill topped this total with a .4352 average in 1887 (that batting average had to be calculated without counting walks as hits, because of the walk-as-base-hit rule being in effect that year only), and Hugh Duffy set the current record mark in 1894 by posting a .4397 batting average. Under the current 3.1 PA qualification, players have posted a .400 batting average for a season 28 times. Ted Williams' .4057 in 1941 is the most recent such season, one of 13 to occur since 1900. George Brett in 1980 is the only player to maintain a .400 average into September since 1941. Additionally, only Brett and John Olerud in 1993 maintained such an average into August. With the modern scarcity of .400 hitters, recent players who have been above .400 early in the season, such as Chipper Jones in 2008, have drawn significant attention in the media. Brett's .390 in 1980 and Gwynn's .394 in 1994 are the only seasons in which a player reached .390 since 1941. Carl Yastrzemski's .301 in the 1968 American League was the lowest batting average ever to lead a league. Willie Keeler's 1897 and Zack Wheat's 1918 are the only two title seasons in which the winner hit no home runs. Joe Mauer's 2006 title made him the first catcher to ever win an AL batting title, and his third title in 2009 surpassed Ernie Lombardi's previous record of two titles for a catcher in any league.The closest finish in a batting race came in 1945 when Snuffy Stirnweiss batted .309, topping Tony Cuccinello's .308 average for the American League title by .00008. George Kell beat out Williams in 1949 by .00015. The closest race in the National League came in 2003 when Albert Pujols held off Todd Helton on the last day of the season by .00022. The closest National League race before that was in 1931 with Chick Hafey edging out Bill Terry by .00028. Lajoie's .426 average in 1901 was 86 points higher than runner-up Mike Donlin's .340, the largest margin of victory for a batting champion. Cap Anson's .399 in 1881 was 71 points higher than Joe Start in 1881, the widest margin in the National League. No player has definitively won batting titles in both the American and National Leagues. However, Ed Delahanty has if he is credited with the disputed 1902 American League title, as he was also the 1899 National League champion. The only other player to win titles in multiple leagues was Pete Browning, who won American Association titles in 1882 and 1885, along with the lone Players' League championship in 1890. Barnes and Deacon White each won National Association and National League titles, but the National Association is not regarded as an official league.In 1990, Willie McGee posted a .335 average over 542 at-bats in the NL before being traded to the AL on August 29. Although McGee finished the season in the AL, he had enough PA's in the NL to qualify for the NL batting title, which he won narrowly over Eddie Murray's .330. However, McGee batted .274 that season in the AL, bringing down his overall average to .324 and allowing Murray to lead the majors in batting average.

List of Minnesota Twins team records

This is a listing of statistical records and milestone achievements of the Minnesota Twins franchise.

Minnesota Twins award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Minnesota Twins professional baseball team.

Catcher
Infielders
Outfielders
Starting pitchers
Relief pitcher
Franchise
Ballparks
Culture and lore
Important figures
Key personnel
World Series
championships (3)
Pennants (6)
Division titles (10)
Wild Card titles (1)
Minor league affiliates
BBWAA Vote
Veterans Committee
J. G. Taylor Spink Award
Ford C. Frick Award
Pitchers
Catchers
First basemen
Second basemen
Third basemen
Shortstops
Outfielders
Designated hitters
Managers
Executives /
pioneers
Umpires

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