Rockstar is a 2011 Indian musical romantic drama film directed by Imtiaz Ali, starring Ranbir Kapoor and Nargis Fakhri, with music composed by A. R. Rahman. The film also stars Moufid Aziz, Aditi Rao Hydari, Piyush Mishra, Shernaz Patel, Kumud Mishra in supporting roles, and also Shammi Kapoor, who makes his last silver screen appearance. The film was produced by Eros International Ltd. along with Shree Ashtavinayak Cine Vision Ltd. It follows Janardhan Jakhar a.k.a. JJ or Jordan, who dreams of becoming a rockstar like his role model, Jim Morrison. Yet, eventually on attaining all that he dreamt of, Jordan ends up anguished and despondent, by the loss of Heer Kaul, whom he loved passionately and whose illness is inadvertently caused by Jordan himself.
Development of Rockstar commenced in May 2010. Nargis Fakhri was cast as the female lead, after plans to give the role to Kareena Kapoor were shelved. Filming in India took place at Delhi, Kashmir, Mumbai and Dharamsala, while the foreign sequences were shot in Prague and Liberec, Czech Republic.
Rockstar was released on 11 November 2011. On the day of release, Tibetans in Chennai and Dharmasala protested against the Central Board of Film Certification for asking the film-makers to censor scenes featuring the Tibetan flag. Upon release, the film received positive to mixed reviews. Critics highlighted Kapoor and Rahman as the stars of the film, but criticized the plot. The film did well at the box office, managing to appeal the youngsters in the cities. Made on a budget of ₹600 million (US$8.3 million), Rockstar grossed ₹1.08 billion (US$15 million) worldwide. Kapoor and Rahman received numerous awards for their work in the film. It is considered a cult classic in India due to its popularity in youth even after years of its release.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Imtiaz Ali|
|Produced by||Dhilin Mehta|
|Screenplay by||Imtiaz Ali|
|Story by||Imtiaz Ali|
|Music by||A. R. Rahman|
|Edited by||Aarti Bajaj|
|Distributed by||Eros International|
|Budget||₹600 million (US$8.3 million)|
|Box office||₹1.08 billion (US$15 million)|
A large crowd gathers outside the Verona Arena in Italy to watch the performance of rockstar Jordan. Despite being mobbed, he reaches the arena, storms onto the stage in a fit of rage and starts strumming on his guitar.
A flashback reveals the story of Jordan, whose real name is Janardhan Jhakar a.k.a. JJ, a boy from Delhi. He is studying at Law Faculty, Delhi University and dreams of being a rockstar like Jim Morrison, for which he is often laughed at by his friends and classmates. Khatana, the canteen owner, tells JJ that one thing common among all artists is a life-altering heartbreak. JJ jokingly tells himself that since that hasn't happened yet, he won't be able to reach his idol had attained. JJ sees a beautiful girl rehearsing before a dancing contest called "Shut Up & Dance" when he and his friends go to the venue, as the contest is about to start. He watches the performance of Heer Kaul, a girl from St. Stephen's College, and overhears that she is the "perfect heartbreaking machine". He remembers the word of Khatana telling him that heartbreak is the way to become an artist, and decides to propose to Heer, but he suffers humiliation, which he sees as the perfect method for receiving the heart-break needed to achieve stardom. Over time, JJ and Heer become good friends, often going on adventures together and sometimes engaging in behaviour which the conservative JJ thinks is risky.
Heer becomes engaged to Jai, a man she ultimately marries in Kashmir, after which the couple departs to Prague. During this time, she develops feelings for JJ and coins the nickname "Jordan" for him before leaving. JJ returns home, finds himself thrown out by his brothers for allegedly stealing family money. He takes refuge for two months in the nearby Nizamuddin Dargah, singing qawwalis, and then moves into Khatana's home asking for shelter.
Ustaad Jameel Khan, a renowned classical musician, remembers JJ singing at the Dargah, and prompts Dhingra, the owner of "Platinum Records", to sign JJ. Sheena, a journalist, interviews JJ and hints to him that Dhingra is planning to send some artists to Prague, and a Europe tour for recordings. JJ volunteers to work there at any cost (by signing some contracts with Dhingra), in the hopes of reuniting with Heer.
Heer, meanwhile, suffers from continuous spurts of health problems. She meets JJ in Prague and they reconnect, but when he tries to profess his love for her, Heer, being married, spurns his advances. As their relationship gets more intimate, Heer suffers from guilt. As soon as Jordan's tours in Prague gets over, she leaves him. JJ tries to visit her one last time before he departs to India but is arrested on trespassing charges filed by Heer's husband. Upon being deported back to India, JJ is overwhelmed by the attention he receives, and he clashes with the media and the Indian Police, resulting in a term in jail. The event garners enough publicity to make Dhingra decide that this is the right time to release JJ's recordings, and the album does well, putting JJ into the limelight.
After being released, JJ terminates his contract with Dhingra's company, embarks on a country-wide tour for his concerts and finally morphs fully into 'Jordan' the rockstar, which he had aspired to. He turns bitter, arrogant, and lonely as time goes on but despite his outbursts, he remains a highly popular artist.
Jordan meets Heer's younger sister, Mandy, during one of his concerts, and she asks him to help Heer - who has been diagnosed with aplastic anemia. Although he is initially asked to leave by Heer's mother Neena, Jordan's presence causes Heer to recover somewhat. He starts disregarding his musical obligations as he spends more time with her, and soon Khatana, his manager now, asks Heer to persuade Jordan to attend his concerts.
Heer asks Jordan to complete his tour and reunite with her. As JJ continues to tour, her condition worsens. She finally slips into a coma and is discovered by her doctor to be pregnant; Neena and Mandy guess the father is Jordan. When Mandy calls him and tells that Heer is pregnant and has gone into a coma, Jordan leaves a show right in the middle and reaches the hospital where Heer is being treated. He tries to wake her up but she remains non-responsive; soon, Jordan realises that she will not survive. The film doesn't show Heer's death or recovery, leaving her fate undetermined. As Jordan grieves for her, it is reflected in his music and he starts receiving international fame.
The film cuts back to the concert in Verona and while performing, Jordan sees a vision of Heer walking towards him, smiling. The film ends with a line from the poet Rumi's poem, which when translated to English is: "Away, beyond all concepts of wrong-doing and right-doing, there is a field. I'll meet you there."
The male lead of Rockstar is played by Ranbir Kapoor, with whom Eros International worked previously on Anjaana Anjaani. His role of Jordan is loosely based on Imtiaz Ali's Jat friend, who lived in a small settlement in Pitam Pura. He had seen Kareena Kapoor's performance in his Jab We Met and wanted to cast her in the film. However, the script required some romantic scenes between the leads. As Ranbir and Kareena happened to be cousins, this was touted as a problem. Moreover, the filmmakers did not want to replace Ranbir with any other actor as the character he portrayed was reportedly suitable only for him. They then made a joint decision to replace Kapoor with Nargis Fakhri, after initially approaching Sonam Kapoor and Diana Penty for the replacement. Voice actor Mona Ghosh Shetty dubbed for Fakhri. The film marked Shammi Kapoor's last appearance in a feature film; he died on 14 August 2011.
The shooting for Rockstar began in May 2010. A major part of the shooting took place in Kashmir at Kulgam, Kupwara and Srinagar, while the last phase was shot in Delhi at places like the Kotla Mubarakpur, Nizamuddin Dargah, Greater Kailash, Munirka, Indira Gandhi International Airport, Amity School (deleted scenes), Connaught Place, Shri Ram College of Commerce, BL Kapoor Hospital, Rajendra Nagar, St. Stephen's College and the Hindu College, which was Imtiaz Ali's alma mater. Foreign sequences were shot at Wenceslas Square, Charles Bridge and the Old Town in parts of Prague and in Liberec (at Dr. Beneš Square, in front of the Liebieg Villa). The film was shot in reverse as the crew didn't want to break the continuity of Ranbir's hairstyle. The climax with long hair was shot first. Kapoor had to transform himself into a rockstar: he practised guitar at A. R. Rahman's studio in Chennai for many days, read Kurt Cobain's biography and familiarised himself with Jats.
Rockstar's costumes were designed by Aki Narula and Manish Malhotra, who dressed Ranbir in "small-town denim-and-sweater combination and later, Pathani-style kurtas with arm bands", thus completing the rockstar look. Nargis Fakhri, who plays the role of a Kashmiri Pandit girl, wore a traditional Kashmiri Pandit wedding outfit in the wedding scene, which included Pandit Pheran, Dejhor (ear ornament) and Taranga (head cap worn underneath the veil). This also happens to be the first time in Bollywood that a Kashmiri Pandit wedding was shown.
The music for the film is scored by A. R. Rahman, who replaces Imtiaz Ali's regular song composer, Pritam. This also marks the first Imtiaz Ali film since his debut Socha Na Tha, to have the same composer for both film score and songs.
The soundtrack features 14 tracks, with all lyrics penned by Irshad Kamil. The recording of the album took place in Chennai, London and Mumbai. Mohit Chauhan had lent his voice for nine songs. The audio rights were bought by T-Series. Upon release on 30 September 2011, it received positive reviews from critics. "Sadda Haq" became the most popular song of the album and was named as a "youth anthem".
Rockstar released on 11 November 2011 and saw a good advance opening at multiplexes closer to educational institutions. The film released in 2,500 screens, and saw cinema halls running 14 to 15 shows in a day.
Major parts of the song "Sadda Haq" were shot at the Norbulingka monastery in McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala and people waving the free Tibet flag in the backdrop were shown in the song video. This triggered a dispute between Central Board of Film Certification and Imtiaz Ali when the Board asked Ali to blur the flag before the film hit theatres, but the director refused to do it. Imtiaz Ali said, "I am not concerned at all. I have been out of India for long and don’t know whats going on, but I don’t see anything controversial in the intention portrayal in the movie. The purpose of the movie is not to make any social message, its more about personal freedom rather than a geographical issue." However, he had to remove the sequence from the video to get the film's censor done. Later an official from the Board stated: "The Censor Board chief explained to them that all the cuts were made by the director voluntarily, and he had the option of appealing to a review board which he didn’t do. There were certain discussions between (Imtiaz) Ali and the Board regarding retaining a kiss between two actors (Ranbir and Nargis), but there have been no disagreement regarding deleting the flag from the frames." The controversy sparked protests among the Tibetan diaspora in Dharamsala and Chennai. Later television broadcasts blotted out a "Free Tibet" banner featured in the song.
Raja Sen of Rediff gave the film 4 stars out of 5 and wrote, "Rockstar is a simple, unspectacular tale, sometimes even predictable, but director Imtiaz Ali masterfully weaves in details that draw us in." Aniruddha Guha of DNA too gave the film 4 out of 5 saying that the film was "like an effective crescendo that leaves you wanting more." Nikhat Kazmi of The Times of India also gave the film 4 out of 5 and stated that "The highpoint of Rockstar is it's high tension, high-on-passion romance between two unlikely people". Sukanya Verma of Rediff rated it 3.5 stars out of 5 and said, "Rockstar is flawed but fabulous." Mayank Shekhar of Hindustan Times also gave a rating of 3.5 out of 5 and noted "The canvas is wide like early Sanjay Leela Bhansali's; bird's view of the stunning bridge is very Mani Ratnam; witty, earthy dialogues are so Vishal Bhardwaj. Director Imitiaz Ali manages to retain a personal, auteur's touch in a genre vastly commercial, mainstream. This is a rare feat." Taran Adarsh of Bollywood Hungama gave the film 3 out of 5 stars, and said "On the whole, Rockstar does not live up to the confidence and expectations from the otherwise very skilled and accomplished film-maker Imtiaz Ali." Hrithik Sharma of El Viaje Reviews included it into his select list of Bollywood classics and says that "Rockstar is a unique cocktail of 50% drama, 40% romance and 10% comedy. What stands out is the music by A. R. Rahman. Each song in the film is a masterpiece and fits very well into the plot. Cinematography is realistic but prepossessing indeed. The film gets a 10 on 10 in this department. There are certain scenes in the film that may seem unrelated to the plot but those would be the scenes that would stay with you longer." Rajeev Masand of CNN-IBN also gave 3 stars out of 5, commenting "Imtiaz Ali's Rockstar is a far-from-perfect film, but it has honesty and depth, which is mostly missing in Hindi movies today."
Sumit Bhattacharya of Rediff gave a rating of 2.5 out of 5, saying that "Rockstar is what is called a one-time watch", and highlighted that the film "is more Devdas than Jim Morrison". Saibal Chatterjee of NDTV too gave the film 2.5 out of 5 stars, and said "Rockstar has a Sufi soul. If only it had been set free and allowed to go the whole hog!" Komal Nahta of Koimoi again gave the film 2.5 out of 5, and said, "Rockstar will meet with a mixed response: one section of the audience (mainly youngsters in the cities) will love it while another section (mainly the single-screen audience and public of smaller cities) will find it ordinary." Kaveree Bamzai of India Today gave the film 2 out of 5 stars and said "AR Rahman's music is the soul of the film. What is missing is the spine, leaving just a jelly in place." Yahoo! gave the film 1 star out of 5, and said "Rockstar drives home an unscientific hypothesis that people who’ve endured sufferings/heart break etc will reach their creative best." A reviewer from Reuters commented that Rahman and Ranbir are the stars of the film while saying "Rockstar works on so many levels, but it fails miserably on so many more.".
Upon release, Rockstar had a very good opening. The film opened to a good response at multiplexes with bookings averaging around 60–70%, and single screens witnessed a lower capacity at around 30–40%. It collected ₹100 million (US$1.4 million) nett on its opening day, thus becoming the second highest opener in a non-festival season after Ready. The good opening was attributed to the multiplexes across cities, the "star power" of Ranbir Kapoor as well as the youthful theme of the film. The film showed growth on Saturday by grossing ₹112.5 million (US$1.6 million) nett, therefore taking its two-day net total to ₹205 million (US$2.9 million). A similar growth was seen on Sunday, and hence the first weekend collection ended at ₹337.5 million (US$4.7 million) nett, the majority of which was collected from Mumbai, Pune, Delhi & Bangalore.
Rockstar opened well on Monday collecting around ₹57.5 million (US$800,000) nett, with 40% drop as compared to the first day collections, thus taking the four-day total to ₹390 million (US$5.4 million) nett. The film collection saw another noticeable fall on Tuesday as it collected around ₹42.5 million (US$590,000) nett, with five days collection totalling to ₹432.5 million (US$6.0 million) nett. At the end of first week, the film had a good collection by grossing ₹474.6 million (US$6.6 million) nett, though the film had found appreciation only with a small section of the audience. In the process, it was ranked ninth in the list of all-time first week domestic collections.
Rockstar grossed ₹25.0 million (US$350,000) nett on second Friday, with a 75% drop as compared to the first day. On Saturday, the film collected ₹32.5 million (US$450,000) nett, and ₹42.5 million (US$590,000) nett on Sunday, taking the second weekend collection totalled at ₹100 million (US$1.4 million), representing a 70% drop from its first weekend. As of ten days, the film had collected approximately ₹574.6 million (US$8.0 million) nett. Rockstar made ₹158.5 million (US$2.2 million) nett in the second week, declining by 67% and taking the two-week collection totalled at ₹633.1 million (US$8.8 million) nett. The film on week three managed to earn ₹29.6 million (US$410,000), and hence taking three weeks collections to ₹662.7 million (US$9.2 million). By the end of its fifth week, the film netted ₹674.9 million (US$9.4 million).
Rockstar managed to gross $1.65 million from all overseas markets and was termed as below the mark. The film collected £185,000 in the UK, $612,000 in North America, $370,000 in UAE and $100,000 in Australia.
|2nd BIG Star Entertainment Awards||Most Entertaining Film Actor – Male||Ranbir Kapoor||Won|
|Most Entertaining Romantic Actor – Male||Ranbir Kapoor|
|Most Entertaining Romantic Film||Shree Ashtavinayak Cine Vision Ltd|
|Most Entertaining Song||Saadda Haq|
|Most Entertaining Playback Singer – Male||Mohit Chauhan – Saadda Haq|
|Most Entertaining Film||Shree Ashtavinayak Cine Vision Ltd||Nominated|
|Most Entertaining Director||Imtiaz Ali|
|Most Entertaining Music||A. R. Rahman|
|18th Annual Colour Screen Awards||Best Actor||Ranbir Kapoor||Won|
|Best Music||A. R. Rahman|
|Best Male Playback||Mohit Chauhan – Saadda Haq|
|Best Lyricist||Irshad Kamil – Nadaan Parindey||Nominated|
|Best Lyricist||Irshad Kamil – Saadda Haq|
|Best Cinematography||Anil Mehta|
|Best Sound Design||Dilip Subramanium|
|Best Production Design||Arcopolis and Sumit Basu|
|Best Actor (Popular Choice)||Ranbir Kapoor|
|Zee Cine Awards 2012||Best Actor – Male||Ranbir Kapoor||Won|
|Best Director||Imtiaz Ali|
|Best Film||Shree Ashtavinayak Cine Vision Ltd||Nominated|
|Best Playback Singer – Male||Mohit Chauhan – Jo Bhi Main||Won|
|Best Music||A. R. Rahman|
|Best Lyrics||Irshad Kamil – Rockstar|
|Best Editing||Aarti Bajaj|
|Best Screenplay||Imtiaz Ali|
|Best Song||Saadda Haq||Nominated|
|7th Apsara Film & Television Producers Guild Awards||Best Actor||Ranbir Kapoor||Won|
|Best Playback Singer – Male||Mohit Chauhan – Saadda Haq|
|Best Music||A. R. Rahman|
|Best lyricist||Irshad Kamil – Rockstar|
|Best Film||Shree Ashtavinayak Cine Vision Ltd||Nominated|
|Best Director||Imtiaz Ali|
|Best Actress in Supporting Role||Aditi Rao Hydari|
|Best Playback Singer Female||Harshdeep Kaur – Katiya Karu|
|Best Screenplay||Imtiaz Ali|
|Best Cinematography||Anil Mehta|
|Best Sound Design||Dilip Subramanium|
|Best Sound Mixing||Alok De & Dileep Subramanium|
|57th Filmfare Awards||Best Film||Shree Ashtavinayak Cine Vision Ltd|
|Best Director||Imtiaz Ali|
|Best Female Playback Singer||Harshdeep Kaur – Katiya Karu|
|Best Actor||Ranbir Kapoor||Won|
|Best Actor (critics)||Ranbir Kapoor|
|Best Music||A.R Rahman|
|Best Lyricist||Irshad Kamil – Nadaan Parindey & Saadda Haq|
|Best Male Playback Singer||Mohit Chauhan – Saadda Haq & Jo Bhi Main|
|13th IIFA Awards||Best Actor||Ranbir Kapoor|
|Best Male Playback Singer||Mohit Chauhan -Naadan Parindey|
|Best Music Director||A.R. Rahman|
|Best Lyricst||Irshad Kamil – Naadan Parindey|
|Best Background Score||A.R. Rahman|
|Hottest pair of the year||Ranbir Kapoor & Nargis Fakhri|
Rockstar movie review: All soul, no spine
Betaab valley is situated at a distance of 15 kilometers from Pahalgam in Anantnag district in India's northernmost state of Jammu and Kashmir. The valley got its name from the Sunny Deol-Amrita Singh hit debut film Betaab. The Valley is towards northeast of Pahalgam and falls between Pahalgam and Chandanwadi and is en route Amarnath Temple Yatra. The valley surrounded by lush green meadows, snow clad mountains and covered with dense vegetation.Filmi qawwali
Filmi qawwali (Urdu: فلمی قوٌالی. Bengali: ফিল্মি কাওয়ালি, Hindi: फ़िल्मी क़व्वाली) is a form of qawwali music found in the Lollywood, Tollywood, and Bollywood film industries.It represents a distinct subgenre of film music, although it usually bears little resemblance to traditional qawwali, which is the devotional music of the Sufis. One example of filmi qawwali is the song Pardah Hai Pardah sung by Mohammed Rafi, and composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal in Indian film Amar Akbar Anthony (1977).Within the subgenre of filmi qawwali, there exists a form of qawwali that is infused with modern and Western instruments, usually with techno beats, called techno-qawwali. An example of techno-qawwali is Kajra Re, a filmi song composed by Shankar Ehsaan Loy. A newer variation of the techno-qawwali based on the more dance oriented tracks is known as the "club qawwali". More tracks of this nature are being recorded and released.
Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and A.R. Rahman have composed filmi qawwalis in the style of traditional qawwali. Examples include Arziyan (Delhi 6), Khwaja Mere Khwaja (Jodhaa Akbar) and Kun Faya Kun (Rockstar).Examples in the Bengali Tollywood cinema include the song Remix Qawwali (Bindaas) sung by Neha Kakkar and Nakash Aziz.Jordan (name)
The name Jordan can refer to several things. The origin of the name is Hebrew ירדן (Yarden), meaning "one who descends" or "to flow down". The form found in Western names comes from its Greek form Ἰορδάνης (Iordanes). In Latin it is Jordanus, in Italian Giordano, in Spanish Jordán, in Portuguese Jordão, in German Jordan, Dutch Jordaan, in French Jourdain, in Irish Iordáin, in Romanian Iordan, in Serbian Jordan, and in Catalan Jordà. Jordan can be either a given name or a surname. As a given name, the English form is unisex.
"Jordan" is also widely used as a geographical name, such as in the Jordan River in the Middle East.List of film songs based on ragas
fMany songs in Indian films are based on ragas of Indian classical music. This song list includes those that are primarily set to the given raga, without major deviation from the musical scale.Manish Malhotra
Manish Malhotra is an Indian fashion designer who often works with Hindi cinema actresses. He launched his label in 2010.
In 2014, his label marked a turnover of over INR 1 Billion (US$15 Million).Manish Malhotra started his career as a model, while studying at the Elphinstone College. Failure as a model led him to clothes, costumes and art.Mohit Chauhan
Mohit Chauhan (born 11 March 1966) is an Indian playback singer, most known for his work for Bollywood, Tollywood, & Kollywood movies. He was also part of the Indipop band Silk Route. Chauhan is a two-time recipient of the Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer and three times Zee Cine Award For Best Male Playback Singer. He has recorded songs for film music and albums in various Indian languages and has established himself as a leading playback singer of Indian cinema.Music of Bollywood
Bollywood songs, more formally known as Hindi film songs or filmi songs, are songs featured in Bollywood films. Derived from the song-and-dance routine in Western film circles, Bollywood songs, along with dance, are a characteristic motif of Hindi cinema which gives it enduring popular appeal, cultural value and context. Hindi film songs form a predominant component of Indian pop music, and derive their inspiration from both classical and modern sources. Hindi film songs are now firmly embedded in North India's popular culture and routinely encountered in North India in marketplaces, shops, during bus and train journeys and numerous other situations. Though Hindi films routinely contain many songs and some dance routines, they are not musicals in the Western theatrical sense; the music-song-dance aspect is an integral feature of the genre akin to plot, dialogue and other parameters.Linguistically, Bollywood songs tend to use a colloquial dialect of Hindi-Urdu, or Hindustani, mutually intelligible to both Hindi and Urdu speakers, while modern Bollywood songs also increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish. Urdu poetry has had a particularly strong impact on Bollywood songs, where the lyrics draw heavily from Urdu poetry and the ghazal tradition. In addition, Punjabi is also occasionally used for Bollywood songs.
The Indian music industry is largely dominated by Bollywood soundtracks, which account for nearly 80% of the country's music revenue. The industry was dominated by cassette tapes in the 1980s and 1990s, before transitioning to online streaming in the 2000s (bypassing CD and digital downloads). As of 2014, the largest Indian music record label is T-Series (which has the world's most-viewed YouTube channel) with up to 35% share of the Indian market, followed by Sony Music India (the largest foreign-owned label) with up to 25% share, and then Zee Music (which has a partnership with Sony). As of 2017, 216 million Indians use music streaming services such as YouTube, Hungama, Gaana and Saavn.Rockstar (soundtrack)
Rockstar is the soundtrack album, composed by A. R. Rahman, to the 2011 Hindi musical film of the same name, directed by Imtiaz Ali, and starring Ranbir Kapoor and Nargis Fakhri in the lead roles. The film also stars Shammi Kapoor, who makes his last silver screen appearance in the film. The film is jointly produced by Shree Ashtavinayak Cine Vision Ltd and Eros International. The album features fourteen tracks, and was released on 30 September 2011 by T-Series to extremely positive critical reception and hysterical response from fans, grabbing nominations and numerous music awards held in the subsequent year. The entire album topped the iTunes world charts 2011 and continued its legacy until early 2012. The Indian Express has termed the film’s soundtrack 'A Milestone for Bollywood'.The Twelve Dancing Princesses
"The Twelve Dancing Princesses" (or "The Worn-Out Dancing Shoes" or "The Shoes that were Danced to Pieces") (German: Die Zwölf Tanzenden Prinzessinnen in German) is a German fairy tale originally published by the Brothers Grimm in 1812 in Kinder- und Hausmärchen as tale number 133. Its closest analogue is the Scottish Kate Crackernuts, where it is a prince who is obliged to dance every night.
Charles Deulin collected another, French version in his Contes du Roi Cambrinus (1874), which he credited to the Grimm version. Alexander Afanasyev collected two Russian variants, entitled "The Night Dances", in his Narodnye russkie skazki.Yuvna Kim
Yuvna Kim is a Mauritian-born, London-based fashion designer, model, and TV entertainment journalist.
Filmography of Imtiaz Ali