Rockfield Studios is a recording studio just outside the village of Rockfield, Monmouthshire near Monmouth in Wales. RecordProduction.com called the studios one of the top five (recording) studios in the world.
The studios were founded by brothers Kingsley and Charles Ward in 1963, by converting an existing farmhouse. In 1965, they became the world's first residential studio, set up so that bands could come and stay in the peaceful rural surroundings to record. They have two studios, the Coach House and the Quadrangle, which are both set up for digital and analogue recordings.
The first big hit recorded in the studios was Dave Edmunds' "I Hear You Knocking" in 1970. Following that success, the studios were used in the early 1970s to record seven albums by Budgie, several by Hawkwind, one by Hobo, Peter Hammill's second solo album Chameleon in the Shadow of the Night in 1973, Ace's hit single "How Long" in 1974, and Queen's album Sheer Heart Attack. In August 1975, Queen returned to Rockfield to begin recording the album A Night At The Opera, including "Bohemian Rhapsody". Motörhead made their first recordings at the studios in 1975 and were, briefly, signed to the Rockfield record label. Cyril Jordan of the Flamin' Groovies (who recorded at Rockfield several times between 1972 and 1978) said in 2014, "We thought Rockfield was the new Sun recording studios.”
The Coach House studio was constructed in 1968 and is based around vintage microphone amp and equalisers. The main recording console is a NEVE 8128 inline desk with outboard including Neve 1060 microphone amps, Rosser microphone amps, API 550 equalisers and Urei 1176 compressors.
This live area was designed for band recordings with an emphasis on separation and natural acoustics. It consists of the live recording area with a Yamaha grand piano, one stone drum room, an acoustically variable second drum room and two isolation booths.
The Quadrangle studio was constructed in 1973 and is most famous for the recording of Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody". The main recording console is a MCI 500 series inline desk with outboard including Neve 1061 microphone amps, Rosser microphone amps, API 550 equalisers and Urei 1176 compressors.
This live area of the quadrangle studio was designed to record live bands. This consists of the live recording area with its Bösendorfer grand piano, two large variable acoustic drum rooms and three isolation booths along with its 6m x 7m central control room.