The Lord Butler of Brockwell
Lord Butler in the robes of a Knight Companion of the Order of the Garter.
Head of the Home Civil Service
|Prime Minister||Margaret Thatcher|
|Preceded by||Sir Robert Armstrong|
|Succeeded by||Sir Richard Wilson|
|Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister|
|Prime Minister||Margaret Thatcher|
|Preceded by||Clive Whitmore|
|Succeeded by||Nigel Wicks|
|Born||3 January 1938|
Lytham St Annes, Lancashire, England, UK
|Spouse(s)||Gillian Lois Galley (1962-present)|
|Alma mater||University College, Oxford|
Butler was born in Lytham St Annes, Lancashire, on 3 January 1938. He went to Orley Farm School & Harrow School (where he was Head Boy), then taught for a year at St Dunstan's School, Burnham-on-Sea, before attending University College, Oxford, where he took a double first in Mods and Greats and twice gained a Rugby Blue. He married Gillian Lois Galley in 1962. They have a son and two daughters.
Butler had a high-profile career in the civil service from 1961 to 1998, serving as Private Secretary to five Prime Ministers. He was Secretary of the Cabinet and Head of the Home Civil Service from 1988 to 1998.
Early in his career, he was occasionally confused with his namesake Rab Butler. Memos for Rab Butler, some highly sensitive, ended up on his desk, and some of his ended up on Rab's. It was agreed that all memos ambiguously addressed to "R Butler" should go to Rab's office first, and then Rab's office would send on any intended for the other R Butler. It is said that one day the young Butler, who was still playing first class rugby, received a letter that read: "You have been selected for the Richmond 1st XV on Saturday. Please be at Twickenham by 2 p.m.". Underneath, in Rab's distinctive handwriting, was the message: "Dear Robin, I am not free on Saturday. Please could you deputise for me? Rab"!
In 1969, he was seconded to the Bank of England and several City institutions. Later at HM Treasury as Assistant Secretary, General Expenditure Intelligence Division, he led the team which installed the UK Government's computerised financial information system 1975&–77. He had been a founder member of the Central Policy Review Staff under Lord Rothschild 1971–2. After several senior appointments at the Treasury, he became second Permanent Secretary, Public Expenditure, 1985–87.
He was Private Secretary to Prime Ministers Edward Heath (1972–74) and Harold Wilson (1974–75), and Principal Private Secretary to Margaret Thatcher (1982–85). Along with Thatcher, he was almost killed in the 1984 IRA bombing of the Grand Hotel in Brighton. He was also Cabinet Secretary during the premierships of Margaret Thatcher, John Major and Tony Blair.
After retiring from the Civil Service, Butler was Master of University College, Oxford, 1998–2008. He was announced to be made a life peer in the 1998 New Year Honours and was raised to the peerage as Baron Butler of Brockwell, of Herne Hill in the London Borough of Lambeth.
He became a non-executive Director of HSBC Group from 1998 to 2008. He is also Chairman of the Corporate Sustainability Committee and the HSBC Global Education Trust. In 2011, he was elected Master of the Worshipful Company of Salters. He is a Trustee of the Royal Academy of Music. 
In 2004, Lord Butler chaired the Review of Intelligence on Weapons of Mass Destruction, widely known as the 'Butler Review', which reviewed the use of intelligence in the lead up to the 2003 Iraq War. The report concluded that some of the intelligence about Iraq's possession of Weapons of Mass Destruction was seriously flawed. The report also concluded, in regards the so-called Niger uranium forgeries, that the report Saddam's government was seeking uranium in Africa appeared 'well-founded'.
| Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister
Sir Robert Armstrong
| Cabinet Secretary & Head of the Home Civil Service
Sir Richard Wilson
| Master of University College, Oxford
Sir Ivor Crewe
Aneurin Bevan (; Welsh: [aˈnəɨ.rɪn]; 15 November 1897 – 6 July 1960), often known as Nye Bevan, was a Welsh Labour Party politician who was the Minister for Health in the UK from 1945 to 1951. The son of a coal miner, Bevan was a lifelong champion of social justice, the rights of working people and democratic socialism. He left school at 13 and worked as a miner during his teens where he soon became involved in local union politics, being named head of his Miner's Lodge at 19 years of age. He joined the Labour Party and was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP), for Ebbw Vale in South Wales, a position he held for 31 years. He was one of the chief spokesmen for the Labour Party's left wing, and of left-wing British thought generally.
He rose to national prominence during the Second World War due to his criticism of the Tory prime ministers of the time. When Labour came into power following the 1945 United Kingdom general election, Bevan was the surprise choice of Clement Attlee to become the Minister of Health, becoming the youngest member of the cabinet at 47. His most famous accomplishment came when he spearheaded the establishment of the National Health Service, which was to provide medical care free at point-of-need to all Britons, regardless of wealth. He was appointed as Minister of Labour and National Service in 1951 but resigned soon after when the Attlee government decided to transfer funds from the National Insurance Fund to pay for rearmament. He later returned to the party to serve as Shadow Foreign Secretary and Deputy Leader of the Party over the rest of his career before his death from cancer in 1960 at the age of 62. The left-wing group within the party became known as "Bevanite" but he did not control it.
Born into a working-class family in South Wales, Bevan eventually emerged as one of Wales' most revered politicians. In 2004, over forty four years after his death, he was voted first in a list of 100 Welsh Heroes, having been credited for his contribution to the founding of the welfare state.Baron Butler
The title Baron Butler was created in the Peerage of England in 1666.Butler Review
The Review of Intelligence on Weapons of Mass Destruction, widely known as the Butler Review after its chairman Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, was announced on 3 February 2004 by the British Government and published on 4 July 2004. It examined the intelligence on Iraq's weapons of mass destruction which played a key part in the Government's decision to invade Iraq (as part of the U.S.-led coalition) in 2003. A similar Iraq Intelligence Commission was set up in the United States. Despite the apparent certainty of both governments prior to the war that Iraq possessed such weapons, no such illegal weapons or programs were found by the Iraq Survey Group.
The inquiry also dealt with the wider issue of WMD programmes in "countries of concern" and the global trade in WMD. Recommendations were made to the prime minister to better evaluate and assess intelligence information in the future before invoking action.Honours Committee
The Honours Committee is a committee within the Cabinet Office of the Government of the United Kingdom formed to review nominations for national honours for merit, exceptional achievement or service. Twice yearly the Honours Committee submits formal recommendations for the British monarch's New Years and Birthday Honours. Members of the Honours Committee—which comprises a main committee and nine subcommittees in speciality areas—research and vet nominations for national awards, including knighthoods and the Order of the British Empire.January 3
January 3 is the third day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 362 days remain until the end of the year (363 in leap years). Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.List of Honorary Fellows of University College, Oxford
This is a List of Honorary Fellows of University College, Oxford.
Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe
E. J. Bowen
Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell
C. H. Dodd
E. R. Dodds
Sir David Edward
John Robert Evans
A. D. Gardner
H. L. A. Hart
Leonard Hoffmann, Baron Hoffmann
C. S. Lewis
Rudolph A. Marcus
Sir Andrew Motion
Sir V.S. Naipaul
Ronald Oxburgh, Baron Oxburgh
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
John Erskine Read
John Redcliffe-Maud, Baron Redcliffe-Maud
David Renton, Baron Renton
Bernard W. Rogers
Sir Maurice Shock
Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury
Johan Steyn, Baron Steyn
P. F. Strawson
Philip Cunliffe-Lister, 1st Earl of Swinton
Edward Maunde Thompson
Derek WoodList of Knights and Ladies of the Garter
The Most Noble Order of the Garter was founded by Edward III of England in 1348. Dates shown are of nomination or installation; coloured rows indicate Princes of Wales, Royal Knights & Ladies and Stranger Knights & Ladies, none of whom counts toward the 24-member limit.List of Old Harrovians
The following is a list of some notable Old Harrovians, former pupils of Harrow School in the United Kingdom.List of University of Oxford people in British public life
This is a list of University of Oxford people in British public life. Many were students at one (or more) of the colleges of the University, and others held fellowships at a college.
This list forms part of a series of lists of people associated with the University of Oxford – for other lists, please see the main article List of University of Oxford people.List of barons in the peerages of Britain and Ireland
This is a list of the 1187 present and extant Barons (Lords of Parliament, in Scottish terms) in the Peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. Note that it does not include those extant baronies which have become merged (either through marriage or elevation) with higher peerage dignities and are today only seen as subsidiary titles. For a more complete list, which adds these "hidden" baronies as well as extinct, dormant, abeyant, and forfeit ones, see List of Baronies.
This page includes all life barons, including the Law Lords created under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876. However hereditary peers with the rank of viscount or higher holding also a life peerage are not included.List of current members of the British Privy Council
This is a list of current members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, along with the roles they fulfil and the date when they were sworn of the Council. Throughout this article, the prefix The Rt Hon. is omitted, because every Counsellor bears it, as is the postnominal PC, as every Counsellor who is also a peer uses it.
The Council is composed mostly of politicians (be they from the British government, other parties, or Commonwealth governments) and civil servants, both current and retired (since membership is for life). Among those politicians generally sworn of the council are Ministers of the Crown, the few most senior figures of the Loyal Opposition, the Parliamentary leader of the third-largest party (currently SNP Westminster Leader Ian Blackford), and a couple of the most senior figures in the devolved British governments, including the First Ministers. Besides these, the Council includes a very few members of the Royal Family (usually the consort and heir apparent only), a few dozen judges (the Supreme Court Justices, the Senior Judges of England and Wales, and the Senators of the College of Justice of the Inner House in Scotland) and a few clergy (the three most senior Church of England bishops).List of life peerages (1997–2010)
This is a list of life peerages in the Peerage of the United Kingdom created under the Life Peerages Act 1958 from 1997 to 2010, during the tenures of the Labour prime ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.Peter Inge, Baron Inge
Field Marshal Peter Anthony Inge, Baron Inge, (born 5 August 1935) was the Chief of the General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, from 1992 to 1994. He then served as Chief of the Defence Staff before retiring in 1997. Early in his military career he saw action during the Malayan Emergency and in Northern Ireland and later in his career he provided advice to the British Government during the Bosnian War.Vincent's Club
Vincent's Club is a sports club predominantly but not exclusively for Oxford Blues at Oxford University.
The club was founded in 1863 by the oarsman Walter Bradford Woodgate (1841–1920) of Brasenose College, Oxford, and he was the first president of the club. Woodgate stated that Vincent's "should consist of the picked hundred of the University, selected for all-round qualities; social, physical and intellectual qualities being duly considered."Vincent's Club is located in upstairs premises off the High Street at 1A King Edward Street in central Oxford. The Club was originally located in the old reading rooms which J.H.Vincent, the printer, had previously kept at 90 High Street. The undergraduate membership is limited to 150 at any one time. Members are elected for life.
Members of the Butler Review
*Also Cabinet Secretary
|Knights and Ladies|