Robert Eighteen-Bisang

Robert Eighteen-Bisang is a Canadian author and scholar, who is one of the world's foremost authorities on vampire literature and mythology.[2]

His book Bram Stoker's Notes for Dracula: A Facsimile Edition, which was written with Elizabeth Miller, won the Lord Ruthven Award.[3] The "Ruthven," as it is often called, is awarded annually for the most outstanding work in vampire fiction or scholarship.

Other books by Eighteen-Bisang include Vampire Stories, which includes vampire stories by Arthur Conan Doyle: The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire, The Captain of the Polestar, John Barrrington Cowles, and The Parasite, along with The Adventure of the Illustrious Client – which Eighteen-Bisang claims is a rationalized version of Dracula – and four more stories with tenuous connections to vampires. Publishers Weekly called the book "a stretch" and something "only completionists are likely to add this to their collections."[4]

Robert Eighteen
Brantford, Ontario, Canada
ResidenceVancouver, Canada[1]
Other namesRobert Eighteen-Bisang
Alma materUniversity of British Columbia
OccupationWriter, scholar
Known forWriting, book collecting and bibliographic research, Transylvania Press
Notable work
Bram Stoker's Notes for Dracula
Partner(s)Matilda Bisang (1972 - present)
AwardsLord Ruthven Award 2009

Personal life

Eighteen-Bisang grew up in Toronto, Ontario as the son of a professional poker player. In university, he was a backgammon player and won four championships. Eighteen-Bisang aspired to be a university professor, but was talked out of the position by his professors themselves, believing the position would be too restrictive for him. After a career in marketing, Eighteen-Bisang gained an interest in vampire literature and started his research, collecting and writing.[5] As an adult, Eighteen-Bisang still plays in backgammon tournaments and is a member of the Vancouver Backgammon Club.[6]

Eighteen-Bisang has amassed the largest collection of vampiric literature in the world, which he houses at his personal residence.[7][8] The collection includes about 2,500 books, 2,000 comic books, 1,000 magazines and over 100 films, including a first edition of Bram Stoker's Dracula.

Academic involvement

Eighteen-Bisang is credited as proving that the novel Dracula is based on the infamous serial killer Jack the Ripper.[5][9] He has also discounted that Bram Stoker based his iconic character Dracula on Vlad the Impaler, as many people believe.[10]

Eighteen-Bisang is a member of the American chapter of the Transylvanian Society of Dracula, led by president J. Gordon Melton,[11] and is a member of the Canadian Academy of Independent Scholars.[5] He also founded Transylvania Press, a publishing company which "publishes high-quality vampiriana for collectors, libraries and fans."[12]

He has been invited to lecture on vampires in Dallas, London, Los Angeles, Toronto, Vancouver, and Victoria. In 1997, he was guest of honor at Dracula ’97 in Los Angeles.


As author

As editor

Referenced in

  • Best New Horror, Volume 6[16]
  • Bram Stoker's Dracula: a documentary volume by Elizabeth Miller[17]
  • Bram Stoker's Notes for Dracula: An Annotated Transcription and Comprehensive Analysis by Michael Barsanti, Eighteen-Bisang and Elizabeth Miller[18]
  • Dracula in Visual Media: Film, Television, Comic Book and Electronic Game Appearances, 1921-2010 by John Edgar Browning and Caroline Joan (Kay) Picart[19]
  • The Complete Vampire Companion by Rosemary Guiley and J. B. Macabre[20]
  • The New Annotated Dracula by Bram Stoker[21]
  • Pulse of Darkness by Christopher Sequeira and Kurt Stone
  • The Soul of an Angel by Chelsea Quinn Yarbro
  • University Affairs
  • Young Lusty Sluts by Michael Goss


  1. ^ Parker, Alan. "Interview With The Vampire Expert". Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  2. ^ Now, Surrey (31 Oct 2008). "Does this man think he's a vampire?". Canada. Archived from the original on 26 June 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Robert Eighteen-Bisang". Science Fiction Awards Database. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Vampire Stories". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Zamprelli, Pascal (1 Dec 2008). "The Indie scene". Archived from the original on 4 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  6. ^ "Vancouver Backgammon Club". Vancouver Backgammon Club. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  7. ^ "VINTAGE VAMPIRE STORIES Edited by HWA Member Robert Eighteen-Bisang". Dark Whispers. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Vintage Vampire Stories". Abe Books. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  9. ^ Eighteen-Bisang, Robert. "Dracula, Jack the Ripper and A Thirst for Blood". Casebook. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  10. ^ Holte, Jim. "the Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts, vol 21". Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  11. ^ "An Unquenchable Thirst". Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Transylvania". Transylvania Press. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  13. ^ Stoker, Bram (2008). Bram Stoker's Notes for Dracula: A Facsimile Edition. McFarland. ISBN 9780786477302.
  14. ^ Doyle, Arthur Conan (2013). Vampire Stories. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781628731453.
  15. ^ Dalby, Richard (2013). Vintage Vampire Stories. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781626368804.
  16. ^ Best New Horror, Volume 6. Carroll & Graf. 1994. p. 17. ISBN 9780786702770.
  17. ^ Miller, Elizabeth (2005). Bram Stoker's Dracula: a documentary volume. Thomson Gale. ISBN 9780787668419.
  18. ^ Barsanti, Michael (2008). Bram Stoker's Notes for Dracula: An Annotated Transcription and Comprehensive Analysis. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0786434104.
  19. ^ Picart, Caroline Joan (Kay) (2010). Dracula in Visual Media: Film, Television, Comic Book and Electronic Game Appearances, 1921-2010. McFarland. ISBN 9780786462018.
  20. ^ Guiley, Rosemary (1994). The complete vampire companion. Macmillan. p. 198. ISBN 9780671850241.
  21. ^ Stoker, Bram (2008). The New Annotated Dracula. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. xxiv, xlix, 7, 235. ISBN 9780393064506.
Bram Stoker

Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel Dracula. During his lifetime, he was better known as the personal assistant of actor Sir Henry Irving and business manager of the Lyceum Theatre in London, which Irving owned.


Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker. It introduced the character of Count Dracula, and established many conventions of subsequent vampire fantasy. The novel tells the story of Dracula's attempt to move from Transylvania to England so that he may find new blood and spread the undead curse, and of the battle between Dracula and a small group of men and a woman led by Professor Abraham Van Helsing.

Dracula has been assigned to many literary genres including vampire literature, horror fiction, the gothic novel, and invasion literature. The novel has spawned numerous theatrical, film, and television interpretations.

Elizabeth Miller (academic)

Elizabeth Russell Miller (born February 26, 1939) is Professor Emerita at Memorial University of Newfoundland. She currently resides in Toronto. In her early academic career, she focused on Newfoundland literature, primarily the life and work of her father, well-known Newfoundland author and humorist Ted Russell. Since 1990, her major field of research has been Bram Stoker's novel Dracula, its author, sources and influence. She has published several books on the subject, including Reflections on Dracula, Dracula: Sense & Nonsense, a volume on Dracula for the Dictionary of Literary Biography and, most recently, Bram Stoker's Notes for Dracula: A Facsimile Edition with Robert Eighteen-Bisang. She founded the Dracula Research Centre (now offline) and was the founding editor of the Journal of Dracula Studies now at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.

John Edgar Browning

John Edgar Browning (born October 14, 1980) is an American author, editor, and scholar recognized internationally for his nonfiction works about the horror genre and vampires in film, literature, and culture. He is a visiting lecturer at the Georgia Institute of Technology and teaches in the graduate program in Gothic Studies at National University (California).

Browning is considered an "expert on vampires specializing in the Dracula figure in film, literature, television, and popular culture." His works expound upon Dracula, horror, vampires, the supernatural, the un-dead, Bram Stoker, and gothic and cultural theory. Browning has appeared as a vampire scholar in three documentary television series: The National Geographic Channel's Taboo USA, formerly Taboo (2002 TV series), Discovery Channel's William Shatner's Weird or What?, and the seven-part AMC documentary series Eli Roth's History of Horror.

For his book Dracula in Visual Media, Browning documented over 700 "domestic and international Dracula films, television programs, documentaries, adult features, animations, and video games . . . [as well as] nearly 1000 domestic and international comic book titles and stage adaptations." For the book, Browning won the Lord Ruthven Award, an award for deserving work in vampire fiction or scholarship. The book was also nominated for a Rondo Hatton Classic Horror Award (a.k.a. a "Rondo Award") for Book of the Year in 2011.

Jonathan Harker

Jonathan Harker is a fictional character and one of the main protagonists of Bram Stoker's 1897 Gothic horror novel Dracula. His journey to Transylvania and encounter with the vampire Count Dracula and his Brides at Castle Dracula constitutes the dramatic opening scenes in the novel and most of the film adaptations. Stoker appropriated the surname from his friend Joseph Cunningham Harker (1855-1920), a set designer at the Lyceum Theatre and father of actor William Gordon Harker (1885-1967) as well as great-grandfather of actress Polly Adams, whose actress-daughters Susannah Harker and Caroline Harker adopted the Harker surname for their stage names.

Lord Ruthven Award

The Lord Ruthven Award is an annual award presented by the Lord Ruthven Assembly, a group of academic scholars specialising in vampire literature and affiliated with the International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts (IAFA).The award is presented for the best fiction on vampires and the best academic work on the study of the vampire figure in culture and literature. The award is presented each March at the International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts (ICFA) in Orlando. The award is named after Lord Ruthven, one of the first vampires in English literature.


Whitby is a seaside town, port and civil parish in the Scarborough borough of North Yorkshire, England. Situated on the east coast of Yorkshire at the mouth of the River Esk, Whitby has a maritime, mineral and tourist heritage. Its East Cliff is home to the ruins of Whitby Abbey, where Cædmon, the earliest recognised English poet, lived. The fishing port emerged during the Middle Ages, supporting important herring and whaling fleets, and was where Captain Cook learned seamanship. Tourism started in Whitby during the Georgian period and developed with the arrival of the railway in 1839. Its attraction as a tourist destination is enhanced by the proximity of the high ground of the North York Moors national park and the heritage coastline and by association with the horror novel Dracula. Jet and alum were mined locally, and Whitby Jet, which was mined by the Romans and Victorians, became fashionable during the 19th century.

The earliest record of a permanent settlement is in 656, when as Streanæshealh it was the place where Oswy, the Christian king of Northumbria, founded the first abbey, under the abbess Hilda. The Synod of Whitby was held there in 664. In 867, the monastery was destroyed by Viking raiders. Another monastery was founded in 1078. It was in this period that the town gained its current name, Whitby (from "white settlement" in Old Norse). In the following centuries Whitby functioned as a fishing settlement until, in the 18th century, it developed as a port and centre for shipbuilding and whaling, the trade in locally mined alum, and the manufacture of Whitby jet jewellery.

The abbey ruin at the top of the East Cliff is the town's oldest and most prominent landmark. Other significant features include the swing bridge, which crosses the River Esk and the harbour, which is sheltered by the grade II listed East and West piers. The town's maritime heritage is commemorated by statues of Captain Cook and William Scoresby, as well as the whalebone arch that sits at the top of the West Cliff. The town also has a strong literary tradition and has featured in literary works, television and cinema, most famously in Bram Stoker's novel Dracula.

While Whitby's cultural and historical heritage contribute to the local economy, the town does suffer from the economic constraints of its remote location, ongoing changes in the fishing industry, relatively underdeveloped transport infrastructure, and limitations on available land and property. As a result, tourism and some forms of fishing remain the mainstay of its economy. It is the closest port to a proposed wind farm development in the North Sea, 47 miles (76 km) from York and 22 miles (35 km) from Middlesbrough. There are transport links to the rest of North Yorkshire and North East England, primarily through national rail links to Middlesbrough and road links to Teesside, via both the A171 and A174, and Scarborough by the former. As at 2011, the town had a population of 13,213.

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