Robert Edward Femoyer

Robert Edward Femoyer (October 31, 1921 – November 2, 1944) is one of only nine known Eagle Scouts to receive the Medal of Honor; the others are Aquilla J. Dyess, Eugene B. Fluckey, Thomas R. Norris, Arlo L. Olson, Mitchell Paige, Ben L. Salomon, Leo K. Thorsness, and Jay Zeamer, Jr.. He served in the U.S. Army Air Forces and is the only navigator awarded the Medal of Honor.

Robert Edward Femoyer
Robert Femoyer
BornOctober 31, 1921
Huntington, West Virginia
DiedNovember 2, 1944 (aged 23)
England (Died of wounds)
Place of burial
Greenlawn Cemetery,
Jacksonville, Florida
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchUS Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg United States Army Air Forces
Years of service1942–1944
RankUS ARMY 2LT.gif Second Lieutenant
Unit711th Bombardment Squadron,
447th Bombardment Group (Heavy)
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsMedal of Honor ribbon.svg Medal of Honor
Purple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart

Biography

VaTechMedalOfHonor2
Femoyer's name on the Virginia Tech's MOH memorial stone.

Femoyer was from Huntington, West Virginia, an Eagle Scout, he attended Virginia Tech, from 1940 to 1943.[1] A building at Virginia Tech is named in his honor.[2]

Femoyer joined the Enlisted Reserve Corps on November 11, 1942 and was called to active duty in February 1943.[3] He took basic training at Miami Beach, Florida, aircrew training at the University of Pittsburgh, and became an aviation cadet at the Mississippi Institute of Aeronautics in Jackson but failed his pilot training.[3] In 1944, he graduated from the Army Air Force (AAF) Flexible Gunnery School at Fort Myers, Florida, and the AAF Navigation School at Selman Field, Louisiana.[3] From his training assignments, he went to the European Theater in September 1944, as a second lieutenant and was assigned to the 447th Bomb Group's 711th Bombardment Squadron.[4]

Six weeks later, on November 2, 1944, he was the navigator of a B-17 Flying Fortress on a bombing mission over Merseburg, Germany,[1] his bomber was struck by three antiaircraft shells and he was wounded.[4] He was in pain and had significant blood loss, but refused morphine in order to keep his head clear while he continued to navigate the bomber for two and a half hours, changing course six times to avoid enemy antiaircraft fire. He remained alert though his pain was described as "almost beyond the realm of human endurance".[5] Once the airplane was in safe airspace over the English Channel, Femoyer finally agreed to an injection of morphine; but thirty minutes after landing he died of wounds.[5] His actions saved the lives of the entire crew.[4] For his actions during this mission, he posthumously received the Medal of Honor. His body rests in Jacksonville, Florida.[1]

Military awards and other honors

Second Lieutenant Femoyer's awards include the Medal of Honor and the Purple Heart

Medal of Honor ribbon
Purple Heart ribbon

Medal of Honor citation

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 35, May 9, 1945

"The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) to

UNITED STATES ARMY AIR FORCES

for service as set forth in the following CITATION:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty near Merseburg, Germany, on 2 November 1944. While on a mission, the bomber, of which 2d Lt. Femoyer was the navigator, was struck by 3 enemy antiaircraft shells. The plane suffered serious damage and 2d Lt. Femoyer was severely wounded in the side and back by shell fragments which penetrated his body. In spite of extreme pain and great loss of blood he refused an offered injection of morphine. He was determined to keep his mental faculties clear in order that he might direct his plane out of danger and so save his comrades. Not being able to arise from the floor, he asked to be propped up in order to enable him to see his charts and instruments. He successfully directed the navigation of his lone bomber for 2 1/2 hours so well it avoided enemy flak and returned to the field without further damage. Only when the plane had arrived in the safe area over the English Channel did he feel that he had accomplished his objective; then, and only then, he permitted an injection of a sedative. He died shortly after being removed from the plane. The heroism and self-sacrifice of 2d Lt. Femoyer are in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army.

/S/ HARRY S. TRUMAN"[6]

Femoyer Hall

Virginia Tech's Femoyer Hall is named for Second Lieutenant Femoyer, a member of the Class of 1944. Femoyer Hall was originally built as a residence hall in 1949, and is currently an academic building serving as the home to the Naval ROTC unit at Virginia Tech as well as houses the Student Success Center.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Powell, J. R. (June 20, 1997). "Virginia Tech Medal of Honor recipients". Virginia Tech. Archived from the original on 6 February 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Femoyer Hall". Virginia Tech. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "2nd Lt. Robert E. Femoyer". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c "Femoyer, Robert". Medal of Honor recipients: World War II (A–F). United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Medal of Honor Recipients at Va Tech". Virginia Tech. 2012. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  6. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients". World War II (A–F). United States Army Center of Military History. November 18, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
This article incorporates text in the public domain from the United States Air Force.

External links

Andrew Jackson High School (Jacksonville)

Andrew Jackson High School of Advanced Technology, A Dedicated Magnet School is the oldest fully accredited high school in Duval County, Florida. It is located just north of downtown Jacksonville on Main Street (U.S. Highway 17). It opened in 1927, the same time as Robert E. Lee High School. It was originally an all-white school, but the school became integrated in 1970. It is named for U.S. President Andrew Jackson, an important figure in the history of Florida, after whom the city of Jacksonville is also named.

Jackson has the city's oldest athletic rivalry with Robert E. Lee High School. For many years the Jackson-Lee football game was played in the Gator Bowl Stadium on Thanksgiving Day, and it was a major event for students and alumni of both schools. The girls varsity basketball team were 2007 Gateway Conference Champions, beating out Samuel W. Wolfson High School. They won this award three consecutive years.

Jackson is the only high school in Duval County with an off-campus football stadium. The stadium is located about three-fourths of a mile north of the campus on Main Street, adjacent to North Shore Elementary School. Prior to the construction of this facility the Tigers played their home football games at the Gator Bowl.

When Duval County Schools were first being established, Jackson was on the verge of losing accreditation due to roof leaks, cracks and window damage. These problems were fixed and the school now hosts magnet programs.

In 2017 Andrew Jackson High School celebrated its 90th anniversary.

Eagle Scout (Boy Scouts of America)

Eagle Scout is the highest achievement or rank attainable in the Scouts BSA program of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). Since its inception in 1911, only four percent of Scouts have earned this rank after a lengthy review process. The Eagle Scout rank has been earned by over 2.5 million youth.Requirements include earning at least 21 merit badges. The Eagle Scout must demonstrate Scout Spirit, an ideal attitude based upon the Scout Oath and Law, service, and leadership. This includes an extensive service project that the Scout plans, organizes, leads, and manages. Eagle Scouts are presented with a medal and a badge that visibly recognizes the accomplishments of the Scout. Additional recognition can be earned through Eagle Palms, awarded for completing additional tenure, leadership, and merit badge requirements.

Eugene B. Fluckey

Eugene Bennett Fluckey (October 5, 1913 – June 28, 2007), nicknamed "Lucky Fluckey", was a United States Navy rear admiral who received the Medal of Honor and four Navy Crosses during his service as a submarine commander in World War II.

Jay Zeamer Jr.

Jay Zeamer Jr. (July 25, 1918 – March 22, 2007) was a pilot of the United States Army Air Forces in the South Pacific during World War II, and received the Medal of Honor for valor during an air mission on June 16, 1943. After the war, he became an aeronautical engineer and worked in the aerospace industry.

Leo K. Thorsness

Leo Keith Thorsness (February 14, 1932 – May 2, 2017) was a Colonel in the United States Air Force who received the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Vietnam War. He was awarded the medal for an air engagement on April 19, 1967. He was shot down two weeks later and spent six years in captivity in North Vietnam as a prisoner of war. After his military service, Thorsness served one term in the Washington State Senate.

List of Eagle Scouts

Eagle Scout is the highest rank attainable in the Scouts BSA program division of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). Since it was first awarded to Arthur Rose Eldred on August 21, 1912, Eagle Scout has been earned by more than two million youth. The list below includes notable recipients.

As of 2014, requirements include earning at least 21 merit badges and demonstrating Scout Spirit, leadership, and service. The requirements include an Eagle Scout Service Project where the Scout must further demonstrate service and leadership. Eagle Scouts are recognized with a medal and a cloth badge that visibly recognizes the accomplishments of the Scout. Eagle Palms are a further recognition, awarded for completing additional tenure, leadership, and merit badge requirements. Typically adult volunteers who have received the Eagle award as a youth wear a smaller patch depicting a square knot.

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