Robert De Niro

Robert Anthony De Niro Jr. (/də ˈnɪəroʊ/, Italian: [de ˈniːro]; born August 17, 1943) is an American actor, producer, and director.[1][2] He is a recipient of various accolades, including two Academy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, the Cecil B DeMille Award, AFI Life Achievement Award, Presidential Medal of Freedom, and has been nominated for six BAFTA Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards and four Screen Actors Guild Awards.

De Niro was cast as the young Vito Corleone in the 1974 film The Godfather Part II, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. His longtime collaboration with director Martin Scorsese earned him the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of Jake LaMotta in the 1980 film Raging Bull.

De Niro's first major film roles were in the sports drama Bang the Drum Slowly (1973) and Scorsese's crime film Mean Streets (1973). He earned Academy Award nominations for the psychological thrillers Taxi Driver (1976) and Cape Fear (1991), both directed by Scorsese. De Niro received additional nominations for Michael Cimino's Vietnam war drama The Deer Hunter (1978), Penny Marshall's drama Awakenings (1990), and David O. Russell's romantic comedy-drama Silver Linings Playbook (2012). His portrayal of gangster Jimmy Conway in Scorsese's crime film Goodfellas (1990), and his role as Rupert Pupkin in the black comedy film The King of Comedy (1983), earned him BAFTA Award nominations.[3]

De Niro has earned four nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, for his work in the musical drama New York, New York (1977), the action comedy Midnight Run (1988), the gangster comedy Analyze This (1999), and the comedy Meet the Parents (2000). Other notable performances include roles in 1900 (1976), Once Upon a Time in America (1984), Brazil (1985), The Mission (1986), The Untouchables (1987), Heat (1995), and Casino (1995). He has directed and starred in films such as the crime drama A Bronx Tale (1993) and the spy film The Good Shepherd (2006).

Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro Cannes 2016
De Niro at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival
Born
Robert Anthony De Niro Jr.

August 17, 1943 (age 75)
ResidenceGardiner, New York, U.S.
NationalityAmerican, Italian
OccupationActor, producer, director
Years active1963–present
Notable work
Filmography
Spouse(s)
Diahnne Abbott
(m. 1976; div. 1988)

Grace Hightower
(m. 1997; separated 2018)
ChildrenSix, including Drena De Niro
Parent(s)Robert De Niro Sr.
Virginia Admiral
AwardsFull list

Early life

Robert Anthony De Niro Jr.[4] was born on August 17, 1943, in the Manhattan borough of New York City, the only child of painters Virginia Admiral and Robert De Niro Sr.[5] He is of Irish and Italian descent on his father's side,[6] while his mother had Dutch, English, French, and German ancestry.[7] De Niro's parents, who had met at the painting classes of Hans Hofmann in Provincetown, Massachusetts, divorced when he was two years old after his father announced that he was gay.[8] De Niro was raised by his mother in the Greenwich Village and Little Italy areas of Manhattan. His father lived within walking distance and De Niro spent much time with him as he grew up.[9] His mother was raised Presbyterian but became an atheist as an adult, while his father had been a lapsed Catholic since the age of 12.[8][10] Against his parents' wishes, his grandparents had him secretly baptized into the Catholic Church while he was staying with them during his parents' divorce.[8][10]

De Niro attended PS 41, a public elementary school in Manhattan, through the sixth grade. He then went to Elisabeth Irwin High School, the private upper school of the Little Red School House, for the seventh and eighth grades.[11] He was accepted into the High School of Music and Art for the ninth grade, but only attended for a short time before transferring to a public junior high school.[12] De Niro began high school at the private McBurney School[13] and later attended the private Rhodes Preparatory School,[14] although he graduated from neither.[15] Nicknamed "Bobby Milk" for his pallor, De Niro hung out with a group of street kids as a youth in Little Italy, some of whom have remained his lifelong friends.[16] His stage debut was at age 10, when he played the Cowardly Lion in a school production of The Wizard of Oz.[17][18] Along with finding relief from shyness through performing, he was also fixated by cinema, and he dropped out of high school at age 16 to pursue acting.[16] He studied acting at HB Studio,[19] the Stella Adler Conservatory, as well as Lee Strasberg's Actors Studio.[15]

Career

Acting and filmmaking

De Niro's first film role came at the age of 20, when he appeared in Brian De Palma's 1963 film The Wedding Party, but the film was not released until 1969. He then appeared in Roger Corman's film Bloody Mama (1970). He gained popular attention with his role as a dying Major League Baseball player in Bang the Drum Slowly (1973) and began his collaboration with Martin Scorsese when he played the small-time criminal Johnny Boy in Mean Streets (1973).[17]

De Niro had a pivotal role in the Francis Ford Coppola film The Godfather Part II (1974), playing the young Vito Corleone. Coppola had remembered his previous auditions for the roles of Sonny Corleone, Michael Corleone, Carlo Rizzi, and Paulie Gatto in The Godfather. His performance earned him his first Academy Award, for Best Supporting Actor, although Coppola accepted the award as De Niro was not present at the ceremony. De Niro became the first actor to win an Academy Award speaking mainly a foreign language. In this case, several Sicilian dialects,[17] although he delivered a few lines in English. He and Marlon Brando, who played the older Vito Corleone in the first film, are the only actors to have won Oscars for portraying the same fictional character.[20] After working with Scorsese in Mean Streets, De Niro went on to have a successful working relationship with him in films such as Taxi Driver (1976), New York, New York (1977), Raging Bull (1980), The King of Comedy (1983), Goodfellas (1990), Cape Fear (1991), and Casino (1995). They also acted together in Guilty by Suspicion (1991) and provided their voices for the animated feature Shark Tale (2004). Taxi Driver was particularly important to De Niro's career. His iconic performance as Travis Bickle catapulted him to stardom and forever linked his name with Bickle's famous "You talkin' to me?" monologue, which De Niro largely improvised.[21] The role of Bickle earned him his first Academy Award Nomination for Best Actor. His portrayal of Jake LaMotta in Raging Bull was lauded, as well as his interpretation of Max Cady in Cape Fear.[22][23][24]

RobertdeNiro26
De Niro in 1988

In 1976, De Niro appeared in 1900, Bernardo Bertolucci's biographical exploration of life in Italy before World War II, seen through the eyes of two Italian childhood friends at the opposite sides of society's hierarchy. He also starred in The Last Tycoon (1976), directed by Elia Kazan. Kazan recalls that De Niro "would do almost anything to succeed" and noted that he cut his weight down from 170 to 128 pounds for the role in this film. Kazan adds that De Niro "is one of a select number of actors I've directed who work hard at their trade, and the only one who asked to rehearse on Sundays. Most of the others play tennis. Bobby and I would go over the scenes to be shot. Bobby is more meticulous... he's very imaginative. He's very precise. He figures everything out both inside and outside. He has good emotion. He's a character actor: everything he does he calculates. In a good way, but he calculates."[25]:766 Kazan developed and used those personality traits for his character in the film.[25]:766 And although the film did poorly at the box office, reviewers praised De Niro's acting. Film critic Marie Brenner wrote that "for De Niro, it is a role that surpasses even his brilliant and daring portrayal of Vito Corleone in The Godfather Part II... his performance deserves to be compared with the very finest".[26]

Robert De Niro - GianAngelo Pistoia
De Niro in 1993

De Niro played Michael Vronsky in the acclaimed Vietnam War film The Deer Hunter (1978), for which he was nominated for Best Actor in a Leading Role. Fearing he had become typecast in mob roles, he began expanding into occasional comedic roles in the mid-1980s and has had much success there as well, with such films as Brazil (1985), Midnight Run (1988), Analyze This (1999), Meet the Parents (2000), and Meet the Fockers (2004). Other films include True Confessions (1981), Falling in Love (1984), Once Upon a Time in America (1984), The Mission (1986), Angel Heart (1987), The Untouchables (1987), Goodfellas (1990), Awakenings (1990), Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1994), Heat (1995), The Fan (1996), Sleepers (1996), Wag the Dog (1997), Jackie Brown (1997), Ronin (1998) and Flawless (1999).

In 1987, De Niro was the President of the Jury at the 15th Moscow International Film Festival.[27] He appeared in This Boy's Life (1993). Around this time, he was offered the role of Mitch Leary in In the Line of Fire (1993). However, due to scheduling conflicts with his directorial debut A Bronx Tale (1993), he gave up the role to John Malkovich, who later received an Academy Award nomination for it. In A Bronx Tale, which De Niro agreed to direct after seeing the screenwriter's one-man off-Broadway play, he played a bus driver who struggles to keep his son away from a local mobster. At the 20th Moscow International Film Festival in 1997, he was awarded an Honorable Prize for contribution to cinema.[28]

De Niro would reference In the Line of Fire, along with Dirty Harry (1971) and Magnum Force (1973), two more of Eastwood's films, in Righteous Kill (2008). He also appeared in the crime drama Cop Land (1997). He starred in the police action-thriller Heat (1995), along with fellow actor and long-time friend, Al Pacino. The duo drew much attention from fans, as both have generally been compared throughout their careers. Though Pacino and De Niro both starred in The Godfather Part II (1974), they shared no screen time. They once again appeared together in Righteous Kill (2008).[29]

De Niro played Master Chief Billy Sunday in the biographical film Men of Honor (2000), based on the life of Carl Brashear, the first African American to become a U.S. Navy Master Diver. That same year, he starred in the comedy Meet the Parents opposite Ben Stiller as Jack Byrnes, a former CIA operative who takes a dislike to Stiller's character. He also hosted 9/11 (2002), a documentary about the 9/11 attacks, shown on CBS and focusing on video footage made by Jules and Gedeon Naudet that showed the role of firefighters following the attacks. Also that same year, he starred in the action comedy Showtime opposite Eddie Murphy. In the movie, he and Murphy play as cops assigned to work together in a TV show while trying to bring down an arms dealer; the movie received both critical and box office failure. He reprised his role as Jack Byrnes in Meet the Fockers (2004) and was featured in Stardust (2007). All of the films were successful at the box office.

Robert De Niro 2011 2
De Niro in 2011

De Niro had to turn down a role in The Departed (2006) due to commitments with preparing The Good Shepherd (2006). He said: "I wanted to. I wish I could've been able to, but I was preparing The Good Shepherd so much that I couldn't take the time to. I was trying to figure a way to do it while I was preparing. It just didn't seem possible."[30] In June 2006, it was announced that De Niro had donated his film archive (including scripts, costumes, and props) to the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin. On April 27, 2009, it was announced that the De Niro collection at the Ransom Center was open to researchers and the public. De Niro directed and starred in The Good Shepherd (2006). The film reunited him onscreen with Joe Pesci, with whom he had starred in Raging Bull, Goodfellas, A Bronx Tale, Once Upon a Time in America, and Casino. De Niro announced that he would appear in the film version of the BBC crime series Edge of Darkness in 2010. However, just after he arrived to begin shooting, De Niro left the film due to creative differences.[31] He was replaced by Ray Winstone.[32][33] He appeared as Senator John McLaughlin in the action film Machete (2010), and starred in the thriller Stone (2010). He again reprised his role as Jack Byrnes in Little Fockers (2010). He appeared in the action film Killer Elite (2011), Limitless (2011) and the romantic comedy film New Year's Eve (2011).[34][35]

De Niro starred in the film Manuale d'amore 3 (2011).[36][37] In January 2011, CBS picked up De Niro's crime pilot, NYC 22 (originally titled Rookies), but it was cancelled after airing only four episodes.[38] In 2011, De Niro was the President of the Jury for the 64th Cannes Film Festival.[39] In 2012, he starred in the films Silver Linings Playbook, Freelancers, Red Lights, and Being Flynn. He received a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Silver Linings Playbook.[40]

In July 2018 it was announced that De Niro would appear in Todd Phillips' 2019 film Joker which will be an origin story based on the Batman comic book supervillain The Joker who will be played by Joaquin Phoenix.[41]

TriBeCa Productions

De Niro's capital ventures have included co-founding the film studio TriBeCa Productions, the Tribeca Film Festival, the restaurants Nobu and Tribeca Grill (which he co-owns with Broadway producer Stewart F. Lane),[42] The Greenwich Hotel (located in Tribeca),[43] and the restaurant inside the hotel, Locanda Verde (run by executive chef and co-owner Andrew Carmellini).[44] According to the July 2010 issue of Gourmet magazine, De Niro and internationally renowned chef, Natalia Jibladze began plans to open a restaurant in Manhattan under his Tribeca trademark but the project was not completed.

Acting style and legacy

RobertDeNiroTCLChineseTheatreJan2013
De Niro having his hand- and shoe-prints placed in cement at TCL Chinese Theatre in February 2013

De Niro studied with Stella Adler, from whom he learned about the techniques of the Stanislavski system. The technique encouraged him to explore both internal and external aspects to fully realize the character being portrayed. He is praised for his commitment to roles; he gained 60 lb (27 kg) and learned how to box for his role as Jake LaMotta in Raging Bull,[17] ground his teeth down for Cape Fear, lived in Sicily for The Godfather Part II, worked as a cab driver for a few weeks for Taxi Driver,[45] and learned to play the saxophone for New York, New York. He again put on weight for his performance as Al Capone in The Untouchables.[46]

De Niro's brand of acting includes employing whatever extreme tactic he feels is necessary to elicit the best performance from those with whom he is working. During the filming of The King of Comedy, he directed a slew of anti-Semitic epithets at co-star Jerry Lewis to enhance and authenticate the anger demonstrated by Lewis' character. According to People magazine, the technique was successful, with Lewis recalling, "I forgot the cameras were there... I was going for Bobby's throat."[47]

Personal life

Robert De Niro Cannes 2016 5
De Niro and then-wife Grace Hightower in 2016.

Family

De Niro married his first wife, Diahnne Abbott, in 1976. They have a son, Raphael, a former actor who works in New York real estate.[48] De Niro also adopted Abbott's daughter Drena De Niro from a previous relationship. They divorced in 1988. De Niro has twin sons, Julian and Aaron,[49] conceived by in vitro fertilization and delivered by a surrogate mother in 1995, from a long relationship with former model Toukie Smith.[50]

In 1997, De Niro married his second wife, actress Grace Hightower.[51] Their son Elliot was born in 1998 and the couple split in 1999. The divorce was never finalized and in 2004 they renewed their vows.[51] In December 2011, their daughter was born via surrogate.[52][53] In addition to his six children, De Niro has four grandchildren; his daughter Drena has one child, and his son Raphael has three.[54][55][56][57] In November 2018, it was reported De Niro and Hightower had separated after 20 years of marriage.[58]

In October 2003, his spokesman announced that De Niro had been diagnosed with prostate cancer. He underwent surgery at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in December 2003.[59]

De Niro announced on March 25, 2016, that his son Elliot has autism and explained his interest in its causes and treatment.[60]

Properties

De Niro, who has long resided in New York City, has been investing in Manhattan's Tribeca neighborhood since 1989. He has residences on the east and west sides of Manhattan. He also has a 78-acre (32 ha) estate in Gardiner, New York, which serves as his primary residence.[61]

Tribeca Grill

Tribeca Grill is a New American restaurant located at 375 Greenwich Street (at Franklin Street) in Tribeca, Manhattan, in New York City, co-owned by Robert De Niro, Drew Nieporent and Lou Diamond Phillips, among others. It opened in 1990. The Executive Chef is Scott Burnett. The "large mahogany bar is from the Maxwell's Plum restaurant."

Legal issues

During a film shoot in France in February 1998, De Niro was questioned as a witness about the Bourgeois prostitution ring.[62] De Niro denied any involvement,[63] later filing a complaint.[64] Despite saying at the time that he would not return to France, he later filmed there and presided over the jury at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival.[65]

In 2006, the trust that owns De Niro's Gardiner estate sued the town to have its property tax assessment reduced, arguing that, at $6 million, it was too high and should be compared only with similar properties in Ulster County, where Gardiner is located. The town, which had been comparing its value to similar estates in Dutchess County, across the Hudson River, and Connecticut's Litchfield County, east of Dutchess, where many other wealthy New York City residents maintain estates on large properties, won in State Supreme Court.[66] But in 2014, the trust's lawyers appealed the decision and the town was unsure if it should continue to defend the suit because of its own financial limitations (it would have earned far less in payments on the increased taxes than it had spent in legal bills). This has made many residents, who initially sympathized with De Niro, angry, and some proposed to raise money privately to help the town continue the suit.[61]

A local newspaper's report on the continued dispute was picked up by The New York Times and made international news. "When he read about it on Election Day, he went bananas," due to the negative publicity, said Gardiner town councilman Wiegand. He had apparently been unaware that the trust had filed the lawsuit. Its accountants took the blame, citing their fiduciary duty. A short time later, his lawyer met with town officials, at De Niro's direction, and offered them withdrawal of the suit and $129,000 in reimbursement for the town's legal bills, paid by the accounting firm.[67] "[He] made it very clear that De Niro didn't want to screw the town, that he didn't know about any of it and that he wanted it settled as quickly as possible," Wiegand said.[68]

Political activism

In 1998, he lobbied Congress against impeaching President Bill Clinton.[69]

While promoting the film The Good Shepherd with co-star Matt Damon on the December 8, 2006, episode of Hardball with Chris Matthews at George Mason University, De Niro was asked whom he would like to see as President of the United States. De Niro responded, "Well, I think of two people: Hillary Clinton and Obama."[70] On February 4, 2008, De Niro supported Obama at a rally at the Izod Center in New Jersey before Super Tuesday.[71]

In 2012, De Niro joined the anti-fracking campaign Artists Against Fracking.[72]

During the 2016 presidential campaign, De Niro was an outspoken critic of then-Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump, calling him "so blatantly stupid" and stating, "He wants to punch people in the face?! I'd like to punch him in the face." This was in reference to the similar desire Trump expressed towards protestors at one of his rallies.[73]

On June 10, 2018, while introducing a performance by Bruce Springsteen of his song "My Hometown" at the 72nd Tony Awards, De Niro brought the audience to a standing ovation with this denunciation of President Trump:

I'm gonna say one thing. Fuck Trump. It's no longer "down with Trump". It's "fuck Trump".[74][75][76]

A day later, in front of a crowd in Toronto, he apologized to Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau for Trump's "idiotic behavior".[77] He has said that Trump is a racist, and that like many white liberals he was “naive” about Obama's two election wins and their implication of a post-racial America. “I felt we were on a new thing. I didn’t realise how against him certain people were – racially against him, offended that he was there.”[78]

Religious views

De Niro was raised by an atheist mother and a lapsed Catholic father who left the Catholic Church at age 12.[8][10] His grandparents had him secretly baptized Catholic, and his grandmother was the main advocate of Catholicism in the family.[79] He refuses to be asked about religion in interviews.

When asked why he would not play Jesus Christ in Martin Scorsese's 1988 film The Last Temptation of Christ, he explained on at least two different occasions:

Last Temptation was something I was never interested in doing. But I did tell [Scorsese], "If you really have a problem, if you really want to do it, and you need me, I'll do it. If you're against the wall and have no other way, I'll do it as a friend.[8][10] [...] I was not interested in playing Christ. It's like playing Hamlet. I just didn't want to do it. Marty and I talked about it. We do things with each other because we like to work together, but also for our separate reasons. I have mine as an actor, he has his as a director. That's the best way.[10]

In addition, De Niro has played a number of Catholic characters in his movies, including a Catholic penitent in the 1986 film The Mission.

De Niro initially supported the inclusion of the controversial documentary about an alleged vaccination coverup, Vaxxed, at the 2016 Tribeca Film Festival.[80][81][82] He explained his interest in the film resulted from his family experience with an autistic son.[81] De Niro withdrew his recommendation after discussion with the scientific community.[81][83] He said he was pressured by some festival filmmakers to remove Vaxxed from the festival line-up. He also said that he intends to be a part of the conversation about vaccines and autism in the future.[84]

Citizenship

De Niro received an Italian passport in 2006. His Italian citizenship was granted by the Italian government despite strong opposition by the Sons of Italy, who believe that De Niro damaged the public image of Italians by portraying criminals.[1][2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "International Rome Film Festival – De Niro: "I have an Italian passport, I have finally come home"". December 30, 2013. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "De Niro Will Get Italian Citizenship". femalefirst.co.uk.
  3. ^ "BAFTA Film Awards: 1990". Bafta.org. February 11, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  4. ^ Shawn Levy (2014). De Niro: A Life. Crown Archetype.
  5. ^ Bosworth, Patricia (February 3, 2014). "The Shadow King". Vanity Fair.
  6. ^ Shawn Levy (2014). De Niro: A Life. Crown Archetype.
  7. ^ Shawn Levy (2014). De Niro: A Life. Crown Archetype.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Robert De Niro's Religion and Political Views". hollowverse.com. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
  9. ^ Dougan, p. 10.
  10. ^ a b c d e "The religion of Robert De Niro, actor". adherents.com. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
  11. ^ Dougan, pp. 12–13.
  12. ^ Dougan, pp. 13–14.
  13. ^ Baxter, John (2002). De Niro: A Biography. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-257196-8. pp. 37–38.
  14. ^ Baxter, p. 37.
  15. ^ a b Dougan, pp. 17–18.
  16. ^ a b Dougan, p. 17.
  17. ^ a b c d Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 1998
  18. ^ Dougan, p.15.
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  20. ^ "The inside track on Oscars, Emmys, Grammys and all the award shows". LA Times. September 28, 2010. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
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  25. ^ a b Kazan, Elia. Elia Kazan: A Life, Da Capo Press (1997)
  26. ^ Brenner, Marie. "Tender is the Plight", Texas Monthly, January 1977.
  27. ^ "15th Moscow International Film Festival (1987)". MIFF. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  28. ^ "20th Moscow International Film Festival (1997)". MIFF. Archived from the original on March 22, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
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  35. ^ New Year's Eve on IMDb
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  43. ^ Greenwich Hotel. Greenwich Hotel. Retrieved on August 14, 2010.
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  55. ^ De Niro welcomes another grandchild Archived September 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
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  68. ^ Horrigan, Jeremiah (November 19, 2014). "De Niro ends tax assessment fight". Times-Herald Record. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  69. ^ "Scepticism and support swirl around Clinton". BBC News. December 17, 1998. Retrieved August 20, 2007.
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  71. ^ "De Niro, Damon: Spies, patriotism and politics". MSNBC. Retrieved August 20, 2007.
  72. ^ Mireya Navarro (August 29, 2012). "Yoko Ono and Sean Lennon Organize Artists Against Fracking". New York Times. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  73. ^ "Robert De Niro: 'I'd like to punch Donald Trump in the face' – video". The Guardian. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  74. ^ "Robert De Niro uses F-bomb against Trump on live TV". Reuters. June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
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  77. ^ "Trump Blasts De Niro on His Way Home from Singapore: 'Wake Up Punchy!'". Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  78. ^ The Guardian, 6 January 2019 trump is a real racist
  79. ^ Dougan, pp. 172-173
  80. ^ "Robert De Niro reveals he was the one to push for anti-vaccine movie at Tribeca". Los Angeles Times. March 25, 2016.
  81. ^ a b c "Robert De Niro steps into autism vaccination row by screening film". The Guardian. March 26, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
  82. ^ Offit, Paul (April 11, 2016). "Anti-Vaccine Doc 'Vaxxed': A Doctor's Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  83. ^ Merlan, Anna (March 26, 2016). "Tribeca Film Festival, Robert De Niro Announce They're Pulling Anti-Vax Film From Schedule". Jezebel. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  84. ^ . (April 13, 2016). "Robert De Niro on anti-vaccine film controversy: 'Let's find out the truth'". Today show. Retrieved April 14, 2016.

Biographies

  • Baxter, John (2002). De Niro: A Biography. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-257196-8.
  • Dougan, Andy (2003). Untouchable: A Biography of Robert De Niro. Da Capo Press. ISBN 1-56025-469-6.

External links

A Bronx Tale

A Bronx Tale is a 1993 American crime drama film, adapted from Chazz Palminteri's 1989 play of the same name. It tells the coming of age story of an Italian-American boy, Calogero Anello, who, after encountering a local Mafia boss, is torn between the temptations of organized crime and the values of his honest, hardworking father. The Broadway production was converted to film with limited changes, and starred Palminteri and Robert De Niro.

De Niro, who first viewed the play in Los Angeles in 1990, acquired the rights from Palminteri, intent on making the play his directorial debut. The duo then worked heavily together on the screenplay, with Palminteri aiming to retain many of the aspects of the original script, as it was based largely on his own childhood. Production began in 1991, and was funded in collaboration with De Niro's TriBeCa Productions and Savoy Pictures, as the first film released by each studio.

Upon its release on September 29, A Bronx Tale achieved limited commercial success, grossing over $17 million domestically. However, it fared much better with critics, who praised the performances of the leads, and launched Palminteri's acting career, while also helping De Niro gain acceptance as a director.

Awakenings

Awakenings is a 1990 American drama film based on Oliver Sacks' 1973 memoir of the same title. It tells the story of Malcolm Sayer, who, in 1969, discovers beneficial effects of the drug L-Dopa. He administers it to catatonic patients who survived the 1917–28 epidemic of encephalitis lethargica. Leonard Lowe and the rest of the patients are awakened after decades and have to deal with a new life in a new time. The film was nominated for three Academy Awards.

Directed by Penny Marshall, the film was produced by Walter Parkes and Lawrence Lasker, who first encountered Sacks's book as undergraduates at Yale University and optioned it a few years later. Awakenings stars Robert De Niro, Robin Williams, Julie Kavner, Ruth Nelson, John Heard, Penelope Ann Miller, and Max von Sydow. The film features a cameo appearance by jazz musician Dexter Gordon (who died before the film's release) and then-unknowns Bradley Whitford, Peter Stormare, Vin Diesel, and Vincent Pastore.

Blizzard Man

Blizzard Man is a recurring skit by Andy Samberg on American television program on Saturday Night Live. The skit features Samberg as the title character, who is brought in recording studios to assist musicians with an in-progress song, only for them to find that his musical ability is limited to a cheesy parody of serious rap music. Despite this, the skit always concludes with the artists recording with him anyway. Guests stars for the skit in the past have included Ludacris, T-Pain, P. Diddy, Common, and 2 Chainz as themselves and Tim McGraw and Robert De Niro playing fictional characters.

Dirty Grandpa

Dirty Grandpa is a 2016 American comedy/coming of age film about a lawyer who drives his grandfather to Florida during spring break. The film was directed by Dan Mazer and written by John Phillips. It stars Robert De Niro, Zac Efron, Aubrey Plaza, and Zoey Deutch.

Filming began on January 19, 2015 in Atlanta and ended on May 9. It was theatrically released on January 22, 2016 by Lionsgate.

Freelancers (film)

Freelancers is a 2012 direct-to-video crime-drama film directed by Jessy Terrero, and stars 50 Cent, Forest Whitaker, and Robert De Niro. It had a limited release in very few in Los Angeles and New York on August 10, 2012 with a simultaneous VOD release and was released on DVD and Blu-ray on August 21, 2012.

Little Fockers

Little Fockers (known as Meet the Parents 3: Little Fockers in the United Kingdom and Southeast Asia) is a 2010 American comedy film and sequel to Meet the Parents (2000) and Meet the Fockers (2004). It stars Robert De Niro, Ben Stiller, Owen Wilson, Blythe Danner, Teri Polo, Jessica Alba, Dustin Hoffman and Barbra Streisand.

After the commercial success of the first two films in the franchise, both De Niro and Stiller received a salary of US$20million for their roles in Little Fockers.

The first film in the series not to be directed by Jay Roach; it is instead directed by Paul Weitz with Roach as one of the producers. It is also the first film to be distributed by DreamWorks Pictures in non-US countries, with Paramount Pictures taking over. Likewise, Stephen Trask, a relative newcomer, takes over composing duties from veteran Randy Newman. In addition to the original cast, Little Fockers features Jessica Alba, Laura Dern, Kevin Hart, and Harvey Keitel. Despite universally negative reviews from critics, the film was a box office success, grossing over $310 million worldwide.

Martin Scorsese

Martin Charles Scorsese (, Italian: [skorˈseːze; -eːse]; born November 17, 1942) is an American filmmaker and historian, whose career spans more than 50 years. Scorsese's body of work addresses such themes as Italian and Sicilian-American identity, Roman Catholic concepts of guilt and redemption, faith, machismo, modern crime, and gang conflict. Many of his films are also known for their depiction of violence and liberal use of profanity.

Part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmaking, he is widely regarded as one of the most significant and influential filmmakers in cinematic history. In 1990, he founded The Film Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to film preservation, and in 2007 he founded the World Cinema Foundation. He is a recipient of the AFI Life Achievement Award for his contributions to the cinema, and has won an Academy Award, a Palme d'Or, Cannes Film Festival Best Director Award, Silver Lion, Grammy Award, Emmys, Golden Globes, BAFTAs, and Directors Guild of America Awards.

He has directed works such as the crime film Mean Streets (1973), the vigilante-thriller Taxi Driver (1976), the biographical sports drama Raging Bull (1980), the black comedies The King of Comedy (1983), and After Hours (1985), the religious epic drama The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), the crime film Goodfellas (1990), the psychological thriller Cape Fear (1991) and the crime film Casino (1995), some of which he collaborated on with actor and close friend Robert De Niro. Scorsese has also been noted for his successful collaborations with actor Leonardo DiCaprio, having directed him in five films, beginning with Gangs of New York (2002) and most recently The Wolf of Wall Street (2013). Their third film together, The Departed (2006), won Scorsese the Academy Award for Best Director in addition to the film winning the award for Best Picture. Their collaborations have resulted in numerous Academy Award nominations for both as well as them winning several other prestigious awards.

Scorsese's other film work includes the biographical drama The Aviator (2004), the psychological thriller Shutter Island (2010), the historical adventure drama Hugo (2011) and the religious epic Silence (2016). His work in television includes the pilot episodes of the HBO series Boardwalk Empire and Vinyl, the latter of which he also co-created. With eight Best Director Oscar nominations, he is the most nominated living director and is tied with Billy Wilder for the second-most nominations overall. As a fan of rock music, he has directed several documentaries on the subject, including The Last Waltz (1978), No Direction Home (2005), Shine a Light (2008), and George Harrison: Living in the Material World (2011).

Martin Scorsese and Robert De Niro

Director-actor duo Martin Scorsese and Robert De Niro have frequently collaborated throughout their careers, making a grand total of nine feature films together since 1973, along with one short film. Most of the pair's films were in the crime genre.

Some of the pair's films are often ranked among the greatest films of all time.

Meet the Fockers

Meet the Fockers, sometimes referred to as Meet the Parents 2, is a 2004 American comedy film directed by Jay Roach and the sequel to Meet the Parents. The film stars Robert De Niro (who was also one of the film's producers), Ben Stiller, Dustin Hoffman, Barbra Streisand, Blythe Danner and Teri Polo. It was followed by a sequel, Little Fockers, in 2010.

Robert De Niro Sr.

Robert Henry De Niro (May 3, 1922 – May 3, 1993), better known as Robert De Niro Sr., was an American abstract expressionist painter and the father of actor Robert De Niro.

Robert De Niro filmography

Robert De Niro's filmography includes the year the film was or will be released, the name of his character, and other related notes. There is also a list of films he has produced and his appearances in theater plays, TV series and documentaries. He is sometimes credited as Robert DeNiro and Robert De Nero. De Niro has appeared in over 100 films throughout his career.

Taxi Driver

Taxi Driver is a 1976 American neo-noir psychological thriller-drama film directed by Martin Scorsese, written by Paul Schrader, and starring Robert De Niro, Jodie Foster, Cybill Shepherd, Harvey Keitel, Peter Boyle, Albert Brooks and Leonard Harris. Set in a decaying and morally bankrupt New York City following the Vietnam War, the film tells the story of a lonely veteran (De Niro) working as a taxi driver, who descends into insanity as he plots to assassinate both the presidential candidate (Harris) for whom the woman he is infatuated with (Shepherd) works, and the pimp (Keitel) of an underage prostitute (Foster) he befriends.

A critical and commercial success upon release and nominated for four Academy Awards, including for Best Picture, Best Actor (for De Niro) and Best Supporting Actress (for Foster), Taxi Driver won the Palme d'Or at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival. The film generated controversy upon release mostly because of its depiction of violence and casting of a 12-year old Foster as the child prostitute.

It is regularly cited by critics, film directors, and audiences alike as one of the greatest films of all time. In 2012, Sight & Sound named it the 31st-best film ever in its decennial critics' poll, ranked with The Godfather Part II, and the fifth-greatest film of all time on its directors' poll. The film was considered "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant by the US Library of Congress and was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry in 1994.

The Comedian (2016 film)

The Comedian is a 2016 American comedy-drama film directed by Taylor Hackford and written by Lewis Friedman, Richard LaGravenese, Art Linson, and Jeff Ross. The film stars Robert De Niro, Leslie Mann, Danny DeVito, Edie Falco, Veronica Ferres, Charles Grodin, Cloris Leachman, Patti LuPone and Harvey Keitel.

The film had its world premiere at the AFI Fest on November 11, 2016, and was released by Sony Pictures Classics on December 9, 2016. The film opened to negative reviews from critics.

The Good Shepherd (film)

The Good Shepherd is a 2006 spy film produced and directed by Robert De Niro and starring Matt Damon, Angelina Jolie and De Niro, with an extensive supporting cast.

Although it is a fictional film loosely based on real events, it is advertised as telling the untold story of the birth of counter-intelligence in the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

The Irishman (2019 film)

The Irishman is an upcoming American epic biographical crime film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by Steven Zaillian, based on the book I Heard You Paint Houses by Charles Brandt. The film stars Robert De Niro as Frank Sheeran, a labor union leader and alleged hitman for the Bufalino crime family, and Al Pacino as Jimmy Hoffa. Joe Pesci, Harvey Keitel, Anna Paquin, Bobby Cannavale, and Ray Romano also star. It is the ninth feature collaboration between De Niro and Scorsese, the fourth film to star both De Niro and Pacino (following The Godfather Part II, Heat and Righteous Kill) and the first time Pacino has been directed by Scorsese.

The Irishman was always a desired passion project for Scorsese, and in September 2014 it was confirmed it would be his next film following Silence (2016). Pacino and De Niro were confirmed that month, as was Pesci, who came out of his unofficial retirement to star after being asked numerous times to take the role. Filming began in New York City in September 2017, and lasted until March 2018. With a production budget as high as $200 million, it is the most expensive project of Scorsese's career. Also, according to Robert De Niro, the film will have a theatrical release, but it will be a limited release. However, in late February 2019, it was reported that Netflix may give the film a wide theatrical release at the request of Scorsese.

The Wizard of Lies

The Wizard of Lies is a 2017 American television drama film directed by Barry Levinson and written by Sam Levinson, Sam Baum, and John Burnham Schwartz, based on the non-fiction book of the same name by Diana B. Henriques. The film stars Robert De Niro as businessman Bernard Madoff, Michelle Pfeiffer as his wife Ruth Madoff, and Alessandro Nivola as their older son Mark Madoff. It aired on HBO on May 20, 2017.

TriBeCa Productions

Tribeca Productions (stylized as TriBeCa Productions) is a film and television production company co-founded in 1989 by actor Robert De Niro and producer Jane Rosenthal in the lower Manhattan neighborhood of Tribeca.

Wag the Dog

Wag the Dog is a 1997 black comedy film produced and directed by Barry Levinson and starring Dustin Hoffman and Robert De Niro. The screenplay concerns a spin doctor and a Hollywood producer who fabricate a war to distract voters from a presidential sex scandal. The screenplay by Hilary Henkin and David Mamet was loosely adapted from Larry Beinhart's novel American Hero.

Wag the Dog was released one month before the outbreak of the Lewinsky scandal and the subsequent bombing of the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Sudan by the Clinton administration in August 1998, which prompted the media to draw comparisons between the film and reality. The comparison was made again in December 1998 when the administration initiated a bombing campaign of Iraq just prior to Clinton's impeachment over the Lewinsky scandal.

What Just Happened

What Just Happened is a 2008 American satirical comedy-drama directed by Barry Levinson and starring Robert De Niro. The supporting cast includes Catherine Keener, Robin Wright Penn, Stanley Tucci, and Sean Penn.

What Just Happened is an independent film, produced by 2929 Productions, Art Linson Productions and Tribeca Productions, and was released on October 17, 2008.The film is based on the book What Just Happened? Bitter Hollywood Tales from the Front Line by Art Linson, about his experiences as a producer in Hollywood.This film was shown at the Cannes Film Festival on May 25, 2008.

Robert De Niro
Films directed
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1946–1975
1975–2000
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