River Frome, Dorset

The River Frome /ˈfruːm/ is a river in Dorset in the south of England. At 30 miles (48 km) long it is the major chalkstream in southwest England. It is navigable upstream from Poole Harbour as far as the town of Wareham.

River Frome
Dorset dorchester frome
River Frome near Dorchester
River Frome, Dorset is located in Dorset
River Frome, Dorset
Location within Dorset
Location
CountryUnited Kingdom
CountyDorset
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationEvershot, Dorset
 ⁃ coordinates50°50′15″N 2°36′02″W / 50.83750°N 2.60056°W
 ⁃ elevation175 m (574 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Poole, Dorset
 ⁃ coordinates
50°41′45″N 1°59′19″W / 50.69583°N 1.98861°WCoordinates: 50°41′45″N 1°59′19″W / 50.69583°N 1.98861°W
Discharge 
 ⁃ locationEast Stoke
 ⁃ average6.38 m3/s (225 cu ft/s)
 ⁃ minimum1.05 m3/s (37 cu ft/s)26 August 1976
 ⁃ maximum27.9 m3/s (990 cu ft/s)30 December 1993
Discharge 
 ⁃ locationDorchester
 ⁃ average3.09 m3/s (109 cu ft/s)

Geography

The river rises in the Dorset Downs at Evershot, passes through Maiden Newton, Dorchester, West Stafford and Woodsford. At Wareham it and the River Piddle, also known as the River Trent, flow into Poole Harbour via the Wareham Channel. The catchment area is 181 sq mi (470 km2),[1] approximately one sixth of the county.

East of Dorchester the river runs over sands, clays and gravels which overlie the chalk; as the valley gradient is gentle the Frome has deposited much sediment here and thus created a broad flood plain. Historically this contained marshes and gave the name to the Durotriges, water dwellers, the Celtic tribe of Dorset. The river forms a wide, shallow ria at its estuary, Poole Harbour.

Prior to the end of the last ice age the Purbeck Hills were continuous with the Isle of Wight and the Frome would have continued east through what is now Poole Harbour and Poole Bay, into The Solent, collecting the Stour, Beaulieu, Test and Itchen, before flowing into the Channel east of what is now the Isle of Wight.

Human history

At the end of the 1st century AD, the Romans built a 12 mi (19 km) aqueduct to supply public fountains and public baths at their new town of Durnovaria (Dorchester).[2] Taking the form of an open channel cut into the underlying chalk, the aqueduct took water from the Frome upstream near Notton (between modern-day Maiden Newton and Frampton) and closely followed the contours of the valley side to the southwest of the river.[2][3][4] Over its course the aqueduct only fell 25 feet (7.6 m), some 60 feet (18 m) less than the river itself. It has been calculated that water would have reached Durnovaria at the rate of 8 million gallons per day.[3] Some traces of the aqueduct terrace can still be seen at Bradford Peverell and on the Dorchester by-pass.

Dorset Wareham Frome Estuary
The Frome estuary at Wareham

The Danes made frequent raids up the river. The town walls at Wareham were built in 876, possibly by Alfred the Great, to defend the town against this threat.

Until the late 19th century the river was an important part of the trade route for the export of Purbeck Ball Clay from the Isle of Purbeck. Originally the clay was brought to wharves at Wareham by pack horse from the clay pits to the south. In around 1830 the Furzebrook Railway was built, connecting the pits to a wharf at Ridge. This route was eventually superseded by the use of the main line rail network, and eventually by road.

Ecology

The Frome has suffered a dramatic decline in the run of salmon in recent years. In 1988 over 4000 fish ran the river, by 2004 the run had fallen to 750 fish. The Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust is carrying out research at its Salmon & Trout Research Centre at East Stoke into the decline of Atlantic Salmon to understand the causes and how to reverse the decline.

See also

References

  1. ^ map
  2. ^ a b "'Roman Dorchester (Durnovaria)', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 2: South East (1970), pp. 531-592". University of London & History of Parliament Trust. November 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  3. ^ a b R. A. Otter, ed. (1994). "5, Dorset and South Wiltshire". Southern England. Civil Engineering Heritage. Thomas Telford Ltd. pp. 133–4. ISBN 07277 1971 8.
  4. ^ "Southern England (Google Books)". Retrieved 24 March 2014.

External links

Angling records in the UK

This is an impartial (not biased only to the BRFC) and comprehensive record list of 285 British record freshwater fish, past and present, involving 55 different species/sub-species of fish caught using the traditional angling method of rod and line. Records to include the angler, species, weight, date, venue, also referenced with a recognizable publication. The list is intended to include all categories of fish caught by anglers, that enter freshwater including (coarse and game fish) and some migratory sea fish. Time since last record fish was caught = 134 days.

List of shipwrecks in 1793

The list of shipwrecks in 1793 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1793.

Northern pike

The northern pike (Esox lucius), known simply as a pike in Britain, Ireland, most of Canada, and most parts of the United States (once called luce when fully grown; also called jackfish or simply "northern" in the U.S. Upper Midwest and in the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba or Saskatchewan), is a species of carnivorous fish of the genus Esox (the pikes). They are typical of brackish and fresh waters of the Northern Hemisphere (i.e. holarctic in distribution).

Pike can grow to a relatively large size: the average length is about 40–55 cm (16–22 in), with maximum recorded lengths of up to 150 cm (59 in) and published weights of 28.4 kg (63 lb). The IGFA currently recognizes a 25 kg (55 lb) pike caught by Lothar Louis on Greffern Lake, Germany, on 16 October 1986, as the all-tackle world-record northern pike.

PS Monarch

PS Monarch is one of the three active paddle steamers in the UK. Construction started in 1984 and it was launched in 1994, although the steam plant originated as a 19th-century tar pump from Caerphilly gas works. At only 42 feet long, 8 feet wide and with a capacity for only 12 passengers, she is the world's smallest commercial paddle steamer.The Monarch was designed and built by Brian Waters, who was a key volunteer in finally restoring the paddle steamer Kingswear Castle. It was a dream of his to construct his own paddle steamer from scratch. Construction was originally started in 1984, but it took him almost twenty years before she was finally finished, entering commercial service in 2003.

The PS Monarch was based at Island Harbour Marina on the Isle of Wight for three seasons from 2008 until 2010, offering excursions in the River Medina.

The vessel now operates from Wareham on the River Frome, Dorset.

Woodsford

Woodsford is a village and civil parish beside the River Frome, Dorset, England, about 4 miles (6.4 km) east of the county town Dorchester. Dorset County Council's 2013 mid-year estimate of the parish population is 80.

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