Rink bandy originated in Sweden in the 1960s and was originally called hockeybockey. With the arrival of indoor ice hockey arenas, it was a way for bandy players to practice on ice a longer time of the year; as bandy fields are larger, they were still only made outdoors in the wintertime when artificial freezing was not necessary.
The game uses a bandy ball and bandy sticks. The goalkeeper has no stick. As in hockey, a game lasts 60 minutes, but is composed of either two 30 minute halves or three 20 minute periods. Similar rules to normal bandy are used, but they are simplified to increase the pace of the game. Checking is prohibited, making the sport relatively safer than its relatives. Because of the smaller playing area, there are fewer players, normally six a side. In the USA Rink Bandy League, five players are used because of the smaller ice hockey rinks there.
Rink bandy is governed by the Federation of International Bandy. In its quest to have bandy accepted into the programme of the Winter Olympics, rink bandy is an important way for the Federation of International Bandy to gain more members, thus also spreading bandy, since many countries, which lack a full-size field and where the game is still new, only play rink bandy at home but still participate in the Bandy World Championship.
As artificially frozen and indoor bandy arenas have become more prevalent, the interest for rink bandy has dwindled in the main bandy-playing nations (Russia, Sweden, Finland, Norway). There are still several rink bandy tournaments in Russia, including the Patriarch Cup (Турнир на призы Святейшего Патриарха Московского и всея Руси) for children at Moscow's Red Square.
A world cup for rink bandy clubs was held every year from 1984-1998 in Hofors, Sweden, and called Hofors World Cup. Rink bandy was included in the programme of the 2012 European Company Sports Games and a European championship existed, though there is currently no top-level international competition. However, in 2017 the Federation of International Bandy decided to hold an international tournament for developing bandy countries in Nymburk, Czech Republic and an international rink bandy club competition called Dniprobandy has been organised by the Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation. In Germany, the national bandy championship is played under rink bandy rules.
In the 1970s rinkball, which is played with more ice hockey–like sticks, grew from being played in local tournaments by villagers around Finland to national-level competitions involving 100 teams or more. The sport first gained international attention in 1984 when teams from Finland and Sweden hosted one another. The International Rinkball Association was formed soon after, and in the late 1990s included Russia, Sweden, Kazakhstan, Estonia, Switzerland, Hungary, Finland and the United States. The Finnish Rinkball Federation has 1000 teams, including women, men and children. Play is divided into eight male divisions, two female divisions, and children's play is divided by age. The first World Championship Games for men was held in Omsk, Russia, in 1998.
The Rinkball League in Finland publishes a magazine called Liiga Extra, which offers international coverage of tournaments, equipment, and tips. A national championship between the Finnish leagues is held annually (as of 2016).
Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.The sport is considered a form of hockey and has a common background with ice hockey and field hockey. Bandy has also been influenced by the rules of association football (soccer): both games are normally played in halves of 45 minutes, there are 11 players on each team, and the fields in both games are about the same size. Bandy is played, like ice hockey, on ice but players use bowed sticks and a small ball, as in field hockey.
A variant of bandy, rink bandy, is played to the same rules but on a field the size of an ice hockey rink, with ice hockey goal cages and with six players on each team, or five in USA Rink Bandy League. Traditional eleven-a-side bandy and rink bandy are recognized by the International Olympic Committee. More informal varieties also exist, like seven-a-side bandy with normally sized goal cages but without corner strokes. Those rules were applied at Davos Cup in 2016.
Rink bandy has in turn led to the creation of the sport rinkball. Bandy is also the predecessor of floorball, which was invented when people started playing with plastic bandy-shaped sticks and lightweight balls when running on the floors of indoor gym halls.
Based on the number of participating athletes, bandy is the world's second-most participated winter sport after ice hockey. Bandy is also ranked as the number two winter sport in terms of tickets sold per day of competitions at the sport's world championship.However, compared with the seven Winter Olympic sports, bandy's popularity among other winter sports across the globe is considered by the International Olympic Committee to have a, "gap between popularity and participation and global audiences", which is a roadblock to future Olympic inclusion.Bandy Bond Nederland
Bandy Bond Nederlands is the governing body for bandy in the Netherlands and is controlling the Netherlands national bandy team.
Bandy was introduced to the Netherlands by Pim Mulier in 1891 and the Nederlandsche Hockey en Bandy Bond, organising field hockey and bandy, was founded on 8 October 1898. In the 1920s and 1930s ice hockey increasingly became a tough competitor to bandy. The federation eventually let go of bandy and was renamed the Nederlandse Hockey Bond in 1935. However, bandy was still played by som clubs during the 1950s and 1960s. Sometimes it was played as rink bandy. By 1971 the new Nederlandse Bandy Federatie was founded. It became a member of the Federation of International Bandy in 1973 (or the International Bandy Federation, as it was known at the time), as the first non-founding member. The federation was merged into Skate Bond Nederland some decades later but since 2012 the sport has its own national federation again, in Bandy Bond Nederland.Bandy in the United States
Bandy in the United States is played mostly in Minnesota. Bandy is a team sport played on ice.
The United States national bandy team has taken part in the Bandy World Championships since the 1985 tournament. It also plays friendlies against Canada. The 1995 Bandy World Championship was played at Guidant John Rose Minnesota Oval.
The United States women's national bandy team has participated in all World Championships. The 2006 tournament and the 2016 tournament were played in Minnesota.
In the late nineteenth century there was a game very similar to bandy called ice polo played in the United States.Czech Association of Bandy
Czech Association of Bandy (Czech: Česká Asociace Bandy) is the governing body for bandy and rink bandy in the Czech Republic. The association was founded in 2013 and became a member of the Federation of International Bandy in 2014.The Czech Republic national bandy team is controlled by the association.Czech Republic national bandy team
Czech Republic national bandy team is competing for the Czech Republic in the international bandy and rink bandy tournaments. It is run by the Czech Association of Bandy.Federation of International Bandy
The Federation of International Bandy (FIB; French: Fédération internationale de bandy, Russian: Международная федерация хоккея с мячом, Swedish: Internationella Bandyförbundet) is the international governing body for the sport of bandy, including the variant called rink bandy.Federation of Swiss Bandy
Federation of Swiss Bandy is the governing body for bandy and rink bandy in Switzerland. Its headquarters is in Lausanne. Federation of Swiss Bandy became a member of Federation of International Bandy in 2006.
The Federation of Swiss Bandy co-arranged the four nation tournament for the Coupe Norsel in Davos on 6 January 2014, which was a centenary celebration of the European Championship of 1913, which was held in the same town. The participating teams were Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, and Netherlands. The women's national team made its debut in the 2018 Women's Bandy World Championship. The Swiss men's team made its debut in the 2019 Bandy World Championship.Federation of bandy and field hockey USSR
Federation of bandy and field hockey USSR (Russian: Федерация хоккея с мячом и хоккея на траве СССР) was the governing body for the sports of bandy and field hockey in the Soviet Union. The federation was governing these two sports since 1967, when ice hockey was split off to form the Soviet Union Ice Hockey Federation; ice hockey had only been introduced to the Soviet Union some twenty years earlier.
The federation was one of the founding members of the Federation of International Bandy in 1955.After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in late 1991, the federation was replaced by the All Russian Bandy Federation in early 1992. For field hockey, the Russian Field Hockey Federation was created in its place.
The following former states of the Soviet Union now have their own bandy federations: Russia (founded in 1992), Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan Bandy Federation, 1993), Belarus (Belarusian Bandy Federation, 1999), Estonia (Estonian Bandy Association, 2002), Kyrgyzstan (Bandy Federation of Kyrgyzstan, 2004), Latvia (Latvia's Bandy Federation, 2006), Ukraine (Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation, 2007), and Lithuania (Lithuanian Bandy Association, 2008).German Bandy Association
German Bandy Association (German: Deutscher Bandy-Bund) is the governing body for the sport of bandy in Germany.
German Bandy Association was founded and became member of the Federation of International Bandy in 2013. An earlier German bandy federation had been a member of FIB for just over a year in 1990-1991.A national rink bandy championship has been played every year since the winter of 2014/15.
Germany managed to qualify for the A Division of the 2017 Bandy World Championship and was able to defend this position so the Germany national bandy team will be playing in the A Division in 2018 too.Germany national bandy team
Germany national bandy team (German: Deutsche Bandynationalmannschaft der Herren) is a bandy team competing for Germany in the international bandy and rink bandy tournaments.
The German Empire national bandy team participated the 1913 European Bandy Championships in Davos.
After a long time with no organised bandy in Germany, the German Bandy Association (Deutscher Bandy-Bund) was established in June 2013 and the new national bandy team was formed in September 2013. In January 2014 the German team participated in the four nation bandy tournament in Davos, Switzerland, a centenary celebration of the 1913 European Championship. The other teams were Netherlands, Hungary, and Czech Republic. Germany made its debut in the World Championship in Irkutsk 2014. Before that they played a friendly match against the team of Obukhovo19-20 September 2015 the team took part in a rink bandy tournament in Nymburk. The team also participated at the 2016 Davos Cup.At the World Championship in 2016, the team won Division B and as a consequence thereof debuted in Division A at the 2017 tournament, where they finished 7th, thereby qualifiying for 2018.Great Britain Bandy Federation
The Great Britain Bandy Federation is the governing body of the sport of bandy in the United Kingdom. It is based in The Fens part of Cambridgeshire, East Anglia. Formerly, the federation was named Bandy Federation of England, but after some years with less activity, the federation was restarted and given the name England Bandy Federation in January 2017 and in September 2017 the present name was adopted, as the federation decided to widen its scope to all of the UK.
The Federation has the purpose to have a full-size indoor bandy field in the Littleport Ice Stadium, which is yet to be funded (2018). Apart from that, rink bandy will be arranged where there are no full-size bandy rinks.Italian Bandy Federation
Federazione Italiana Bandy was a governing body for bandy and rink bandy in Italy. It had its headquarters in Milan.
The Federation was founded in 2003 and became a member of the Federation of International Bandy (FIB) the same year. One of the driving forces behind the reintroduction of bandy in Italy was former AC Milan footballer Nils Liedholm, who became an honorary chairman of the federation. As of 2017, the federation is defunct and is not listed as a member of FIB anymore.Kazakhstan national bandy team
The Kazakh national bandy team has been representing Kazakhstan in the Bandy World Championships since 1995. Kazakhstan finished third in 2003, 2005, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015. In 2011 and 2012 they lost the semifinals after extra-time.
Kazakhstan won the 2011 Asian Winter Games.
The participation in the rink bandy tournament of the first CIS festival for national sports and games in 2017, Фестиваль национальных видов спорта и игр государств — участников Содружества Независимых Государств, resulted in third place.Latvia's Bandy Federation
Latvia's Bandy Federation (Latvijas Bendija Federācija) is the governing body for bandy and rink bandy in Latvia. Its headquarters is in the Riga suburb of Mārupe. Latvia's Bandy Federation was founded in 2006 and became a member in Federation of International Bandy the same year.Pyrkivä Turku
Pyrkivä Turku, Finnish Turun Pyrkivä, earlier Maarian Pyrkivä (pyrkivä meaning "endeavouring") is a sports club from Turku, Finland, which was founded in 1906 by sportsmen who represented artistic gymnastics.The club was founded as a section of the Työväenyhdistys Tarmo (‘Workers Association Vigour’ or ‘Stamina’ of Raunistula, Maaria. In 1912 the club became independent of its parent organisation, and green was chosen as its colour.In the early years the most popular sports were athletics and wrestling, but perhaps surprisingly, drama was also popular, and at best the club presented 16 different plays per year, and it also arranged screenings of movies.Today the main sports of the club are association football, rink bandy, basketball, artistic gymnastics, badminton, table tennis, and athletics.
The gymnasts of Pyrkivä Turku have had considerable success both on the national and the international level: Kaino Lempinen was a member of the team that won gold in the 1952 Helsinki Olympics. The most recent successful gymnast from Pyrkivä has been Annukka Almenoksa, who won 18 Finnish championships (1998–2004) and is still the only Finnish woman who has reached the finals in a major international competition (2002 European Women's Artistic Gymnastics Championships).In rink bandy Pyrkivä played in top flight, in the Finnish Rink Bandy League, until the end of the 2007–2008 season. The club is also active in bandy proper and ice hockey. In the former sport the club holds 11 championships in the competitions of the Finnish Workers' Sports Federation. The club played in the Finnish Bandy Championship Series in 1945. During the years 1948–1952 the club played in a Championship challenge against the bandy champion of the series governed by the Football Association of Finland, but they lost each time.
Pyrkivä has played two spells in the top flight of Finnish football, the Mestaruussarja, during 1952—1956 and during 1978—1979. In 1954 the club won the championship, and in 1952 it achieved bronze. In addition to this, the club has played 17 seasons on the second level, in Division I.Shintoku, Hokkaido
Shintoku (新得町, Shintoku-chō) is a town located in Tokachi Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.
As of September 2016, the town has an estimated population of 6,285 and a density of 5.9 persons per km². The total area is 1,063.79 km². Surrounding towns include Sahoro, Shimizu, and Shikaoi.
While Japan Bandy Federation was founded in 2011, there has not been any full-sized bandy field in the country. So domestically only the variety rink bandy has been played. However, in the summer of 2017 an association for bandy was founded in Shintoku and it was announced that a full-sized field will open in the 2017-18 winter season. It became a reality in December 2017 and the first Japanese championship took place there in January 2018, with the home teams capturing the titles.Slovakia national bandy team
Slovakia national bandy team is competing for Slovakia in the international bandy and rink bandy tournaments.
The debut came in a friendly rink bandy match against the Czech Republic, and the first international tournament was the European Rink Bandy Cup 2017 in Nymburk.The country made its World Championship debut in the 2018 tournament.Trenčín Region
The Trenčín Region (Slovak: Trenčiansky kraj, pronounced [ˈtrɛntʃɪ̯anski ˈkraj]; Czech: Trenčínský kraj) is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions. It consists of 9 districts (okresy). The region was established in 1996: previously it had been a part of West-Slovak region (Západoslovenský kraj) and partly central Slovak region (Stredoslovenský kraj). Industry is a main branch of region economy.Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation
Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation (Ukrainian: Українська федерація хокею з м'ячем та рінк-бенді (УФХМР)) is the governing body for the sports of bandy and rink bandy in Ukraine. It was founded in 2007 and is based in Dnipro. The federation became a member of the Federation of International Bandy in 2008. The Ukraine national bandy team participated for the first time in the 2013 Bandy World Championship.Within Ukraine, there are a number of regional bandy federations under the national federation. Since 2012, Ukrainian championship for bandy is played every year.
|Stick and ball sports|