The game objective is to outscore the opposing team. The sport is played on an ice surface, primarily by females, and requires the use of ice hockey skates. The sport uses a blue rubber pneumatic ring and all players, with the exception of goaltenders, use a straight stick ending in a ridged plastic tip. One of the sport's most recognizable and defining features is the fact that it does not involve the use of intentional body contact as a strategic component. Despite its primary popularity among female participants, the sport is officially mixed.
In the sport's home nation, Canada, the nations elite ringette players play in the National Ringette League (NRL). The final competition is held annually at the Canadian Ringette Championships. The winning team in the NRL division is awarded the Jeanne Sauvé Memorial Cup named after the late Governor General of Canada, Jeanne Sauvé. Initially coined the Jeanne Sauvé Cup and initiated in December 1984, it was first presented at the 1985 Canadian Ringette Championships in Dollard des Ormeaux, Québec. It is now entitled the Jeanne Sauvé Memorial Cup, in memory of the late Governor General of Canada and is awarded to the best team in the National Ringette League.
A young girl playing Ringette
Ringette is a winter season team sport played on an ice rink using ice skates. From its beginnings on a skating rink in 1963 in Espanola, Ontario, the sport has spread to the United States, Finland, Sweden, and France. In Canada, an annual national level competition is held called the Canadian Ringette Championships. The sport is also included in the Canada Winter Games.
Ringette was invented in 1963 by the Northern Ontario Recreation Directors Association (NORDA), led by the two founders of ringette, Sam Jacks, from West Ferris, Ontario, director of Parks and Recreation for the city of North Bay, Ontario and Mirl "Red" McCarthy, recreation director for the town of Espanola, Ontario. The title of birthplace of ringette is shared by both North Bay, Ontario, and Espanola, Ontario, where the first game was played in the fall of 1963 under the direction of McCarthy.
NORDA was a regional organization composed of members from a large area that included the Ontario communities of North Bay, Espanola, Deep River, Elliot Lake, Huntsville, Sturgeon Falls, Timmins, Sault Ste. Marie, Sudbury, Onaping and Phelps, as well as Témiscaming, Québec. This body recognized the problem of limited girls' winter recreational programmes and decided to find a solution.
The first time the name "ringette" is mentioned was at the NORDA meetings held on January 20 and 21, 1963 in Sudbury, Ontario. Sam Jacks advised the group that "he had been working on a new girls' court game". Jacks had first considered an inside floor game for females, presumably based on his previous success with floor hockey.
At their September 15 and 16, 1963 meeting at North Bay's RCAF base, Sam Jacks informed the group that he would "like to have NORDA receive credit as a body for the birth of this game." Each one of the sports directors left this meeting agreeing to develop the game in their own community and report their findings at the next NORDA meeting in early 1964.
Under the guidance of Mirl Arthur "Red" McCarthy, the first game of ringette was held between Espanola high school girls at the Espanola Arena in the fall of 1963. He wrote up a set of rules and created a ring for this occasion, still on display inside the Espanola arena.
In 1963-1964, McCarthy's original ringette rules became experimental in the following Northern Ontario and Quebec communities:
McCarthy presented a written list of rules which he had developed, combined with comments and observations to NORDA at their meeting at Moose Lake Lodge in Onaping, Ontario (Sudbury), on January 19 and 20, 1964.
In 1964-1965, Sudbury, Ontario formed the first ever ringette league, comprising four teams. Diana Heit, assistant program director of Sudbury Parks and Recreation department, helped the teams with schedules, rules, and coaching.
On March 5, 1966, the first invitational tournament, the Northern Ontario and Quebec championships, was held in Temiscaming, Quebec. The tournament took place with five teams participating: North Bay Police Playground, Sudbury Rose Marie Playground, Sudbury East End Playground, Temiscaming Reds, and Temiscaming Whites. The tournament was won by the Temiscaming Reds team. This historic tournament created many firsts for the game of ringette:
Ringette was introduced in North Bay on January 21, 1963, at the Kiwanis Playground with teams from Kiwanis and Police zones participating. The game ended in a 5-5 overtime tie. Attempts were being made to form a four-team league. Growth in ringette came slowly to North Bay as ice time was seldom available. It was not until 1971-72 that West Ferris, Ontario, today part of North Bay, had a four-team league operating.
Ringette was introduced to the province of Québec by Bob Reid, director of recreation for Témiscaming, secretary, and chairman of NORDA.
By 1965-66, NORDA decided that they had carried the game about as far as it could go. The Society of Directors of Municipal Recreation of Ontario (SDMRO) was chosen to develop and organize it further on a larger scale.
By 1973, an agreement was worked out between SDMRO and the Ontario Ringette Association (ORA) where the copyright to the Official Ringette Rules would be held by the ORA. Finally, in 1983 in agreement with the ORA, these rights were acquired by Ringette Canada.
The West Ferris Arena, today called the West Ferris Centennial Community Centre, was built in 1967, four years after the birth of the sport in 1963 at the Espanola arena. The West Ferris arena, surrounding ball fields, and tennis courts is together called the Sam Jacks Recreational Complex.
After Sam Jacks died in May 1975, his wife Agnes promoted the game and acted as an ambassador for the sport until her own death in April 2005. She was awarded the Order of Canada.
The format of game is 2 halves with 20 minutes in each period.
However, in the National Ringette League the format of the game is 4 quarters 18 minutes each with a 15-minute break between the second and third quarters.
A team may pull the goalie off the ice and one more player may go in the offensive or defensive end. If the goalie is pulled and the play returns to that team's defensive end, one skater may become an acting goaltender. Once they enter the crease, they are bound by the same rules as a regular goaltender.
The game begins with the visiting team receiving control of the ring on the defending half of the center circle. One player from the visiting team must pass the ring to another player within five seconds, without leaving the half circle or crossing the centre line, or else possession is lost and granted to the home team.
Players are not permitted to carry the ring over the two blue lines; they must advance the ring over the line only by passing it to another player. The ring must be touched by any other player first, but does not need to be under control before the passer take possession again (e.g., the passer bounces the ring off a player's skate and then picks it up). If a player touches the ring consecutively on both sides of the blue line their team loses possession and the opposing team is given a free pass. If the ring goes over both blue lines, the team that passed it may not touch it until the opposing team touches the ring.
If a goaltender throws the ring across the blue line, a delayed violation is signalled. The goaltender may use their stick to pass the ring over the blue line.
The red line at the top of the defensive circles is called the Free Play Line. It marks the restricted area of each team's attacking/defending zones. Only three players from each team, plus the defending goaltender, are permitted into the restricted areas.
If the violation is non-intentional, the team in violation will lose possession of the ring and have it granted to the non-offending team. If the violation is deemed intentional, a delay of game penalty is assessed (rare). If an intentional violation occurs in the last two minutes of the game, a penalty shot is awarded instead. The Extended Zone Line is also known as the "ringette line".
The crease is the area in front of the net defined by a red semi circle on the ice. Goaltenders are the only players permitted in the crease. If a member of the team with ring possession violates the crease with a stick, skate, etc., the play is stopped and the goalie receives the ring. If any member of the non-possession team violates the crease, their team cannot touch the ring for five seconds (counted by the referee), or possession of the ring is given to the other team.
When the ring enters the crease, the goaltender then has five seconds to throw, pass with stick, deflect, or push the ring out to another player. If the goalie does not pass it within five seconds, the ring is awarded to the other team for a free pass from one of the defensive free play circles. The goalie may use the stick to touch the ring outside the crease, and can also pass through the crease, but may not pull it into the crease unless they pull it all the way through and out with one motion. Otherwise, this results in a loss of possession, and a penalty if they have already been given a warning. The goalie may not pick up or cover the ring with their glove outside the crease. The goalie can push the ring with a hand when outside the crease, as can any other player.
The team in possession of the ring has 30 seconds to shoot, though this rule does not apply to the younger teams (Bunny/U8, and Novice/U10). The shot clock is reset when possession of the ring changes teams, when the ring stops in the goaltender's crease, or when the ring bounces off of the goalie or the front of the goal posts. The shot clock is only applied in competitive levels, starting at the petite level (U12).
A violation is a minor penalty called for violations of game play rules, usually due to improper movement or handling of the ring. Common violations include entering the crease, touching the ring on either side of the blue line, four players in the zone and 2 (blue) line passes.
If a violation is committed by the team in possession of the ring, play is stopped immediately. The ring is awarded to the opposing team in the zone the violation occurred. If a violation is committed by the team not in possession of the ring, a 'delayed violation' is signaled by the official (arm raised with a 90 degree bend at the elbow) and a 5-second count begins. If the team in violation touches the ring within that time period, play is stopped and the violation is assessed. If the count expires, the violation is dropped and play continues.
If a violation occurs that would award the defending team a free pass in their own zone, the ring is given to the goaltender as a "goalie ring". Play resumes immediately when the goaltender receives the ring. Time is not provided for teams to perform line changes as can be done on a free pass, although on-the-fly changes are permitted as in normal play.
Penalties in ringette have the same concept as in hockey, with the notable exception that less body contact is allowed, and fighting has a zero-tolerance policy. Penalties are of the following classes:
-- body contact, slashing, tripping, boarding, charging and any other physical contact penalty, and unsportsmanlike can become a four-minute major penalty depending on the severity and roughness. Players may also receive multiple penalties at the same time for a combination of four or more minutes.
When a penalty is assessed against the goalie, a teammate on the ice at the time of the offence must serve it.
If the team not in control of the ring commits a penalty, play is not stopped until the penalized team gains control. This is called a delayed penalty. A minor penalty is nullified if a goal is scored during the delay, unless penalties of equal class were called on both teams. While the penalty is delayed, the attacking team can add a sixth skater to the ice by pulling their goalie. This player can enter the play zone as the fourth attacker.
A team can work off at most two penalties at a time. If a team commits a third penalty, the penalized player sits in the penalty box, but her interval does not start until the first of the other penalties expires (and so forth if there are more penalties). A team plays with a minimum of three skaters on the ice, regardless of the number of penalties. If freeing a player from the penalty box would give the team more players on the ice than it is entitled to (such as when the team is down to three attackers, but there are two other players in the penalty box), she will not be freed until a whistle stops play. During the stoppage, the team must remove one player from the ice to return to its proper strength.
A team with two penalties can have only two players (instead of the usual three) in its defensive zone. But if a third person is active in the defensive zone while two man down a third penalty will be called. If there is a third penalty that penalty time does not start till the first penalty is over. All three players may enter the offensive zone.
Required equipment for ringette is similar to ice hockey:
The ringette facemask is much like a hockey one except the bars are spaced so that the end of a ringette stick cannot enter the mask. (bars are shaped as triangles, not squares)
Ringette sticks have tapered ends, with plastic tips specially designed with grooves to increase the lift and velocity of the wrist shot. A ringette stick is also reinforced to withstand the body weight of a player – a ring carrier leans heavily on his/her stick to prevent opposing players from removing the ring. Sticks are flexible and lightweight to bend without breaking.
Ringette is currently not in the Olympics. In its homeland of Canada, stemming the game in order to have the sport recognized by the International Olympic Committee for inclusion in the winter Olympic games is underway. Marketing methods have included using social media as well as word of mouth.
Ringette has thus far been excluded from the Olympics partly due to the fact that it must have 25% of each gender to qualify. The sport is typically overlooked by male participants due to its lack of widespread recognition and the more widespread availability of other organized winter sports like ice hockey. Currently, there are not enough males with the skill to qualify for an Olympic team.
There are several levels of play in Ringette, categorized by age. Divisions were recently renamed as U* divisions under the new Long Term Development Plan (LTDP) rolled out nationally by Ringette Canada for the 2009-10 ringette season:
NRL Known as the National Ringette league, for elite players aged 18+
In 2010 the league put back in place previous age groups.
Boys are permitted to play at any age level but are restricted to competing at the "B" level or lower in many places, however efforts to include male players at the AA level is increasing. It isn't uncommon to see boys participating above U9 or U6 divisions in some provinces. Due to the pure speed of the sport, skating is emphasized at these levels. Levels of competition, based on skill, range from recreational to competitive, and include: Rec, C, B, BB, A, and AA and AAA, with AA being the highest level at which league competition occurs. AAA ringette is typically specific to particular regions who feel another category is necessary to clarify their league or tournament play. For example: AAA teams out of Quebec have played AA teams out of Alberta at various tournaments, including the National Championships. In Alberta, the highest level considered is AA, although they are deemed equal to the AAA teams from areas such as Quebec. For those who like the hockey parallel, playing AA ringette is the same as playing AAA hockey. The National Ringette League was introduced in 2004-2005 season and includes open-aged players at AA/AAA level.
The National Ringette League (also indicated by the initials NRL) is an elite league of ringette in Canada. The NRL groups together the very best players over the age of 19 in Canada. The NRL consists of fifteen teams separated into two conferences. The Western Conference has 5 teams and the Eastern Conference has 10 teams. The NRL recovers directly from Ringette Canada, the guiding organisation for Ringette in Canada.
The Championnats Canadien d'Ringuette/Canadian Ringette Championships took place for the first time in 1979 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. This tournament was conceived so as to be able to determine who are the Canadian champions in the categories Under-16 years, Under-19 years and Open (replaced by the National Ringette League since 2008). The Canadian Championships of ringette usually take place in April of every year.
|Year (Host City)||U16 (Junior)||U19 (Belle)||Open/NRL|
|2020 (Ottawa, ON)|
|2019 (Charlottetown & Summerside, PE)||Calgary Core (AB4)||Guelph Predators (ON1)||Calgary Rath|
|2018 (Winnipeg, MB)||Bonivital Angels (Manitoba)||Laurentides (Quebec)||Atlantic Attack|
|2017 (Leduc, AB)||NB1 (New Brunswick)||Bonivital Angels (Manitoba)||Cambridge Turbos|
|2016 (London, ON)||Laurentides (Quebec)||Guelph Predators (Ontario)||Cambridge Turbos|
|2015 (Wood Buffalo, AB)||BVRA Angels (Manitoba)||Nepean Ravens (Ontario)||Cambridge Turbos|
|2014 (Regina, SK)||Guelph Predators (Ontario)||Winnipeg Magic (Manitoba)||Ottawa Ice|
|2013 (Fredericton, NB)||LMRL Thunder (British Columbia)||Nepean Ravens (Ontario)||Calgary Rath|
|2012 (Burnaby, BC)||NB1 (New Brunswick)||St. Clement Rockets (Ontario)||LMRL Thunder|
|2011 (Cambridge, ON)||Alberta||Quebec||Edmonton WAM!|
|2010 (Saskatoon, SK)||Alberta||Ontario||Edmonton WAM!|
|2009 (Charlottetown, PEI)||Ontario||Alberta||Cambridge Turbos|
|2008 (St. Albert, AB)||Alberta Host||Ontario||Cambridge Turbos|
|2007 (Halifax, NS)||Saskatchewan||Quebec||Alberta|
|2006 (Longueil, QE)||Quebec||Manitoba||Ontario|
|2005 (Winnipeg, MB)||Quebec||Alberta||Alberta|
|2004 (Calgary, AB)||Manitoba||Ontario||Alberta|
|2003 (Waterloo, ON)||Manitoba||Ontario||Alberta|
|2002 (Regina, SK)||Alberta||Manitoba||Ontario|
|2001 (Moncton, NB)||Manitoba||Alberta||Alberta|
The annual competition groups together Canadian universities in 2 conferences and is organized by the association Canadian University Ringette
|Year (Host University)||Tier 1||Tier 2|
|2017 (University of Guelph)||University of Ottawa||McMaster University|
|2016 (University of Calgary)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2015 (University of Calgary)||University N. Alberta||N/A|
|2014 (Nipissing University)||University N. Alberta||University of Guelph|
|2013 (Nipissing University)||University of Alberta||McMaster University|
|2012 (University of Western Ontario)||University of Alberta||McMaster University|
|2011 (University of Western Ontario)||University of Calgary||University of Western Ontario|
|2010 (Brock University)||University of Calgary||University of Western Ontario|
|2009 (Brock University)||University of Calgary||University of Western Ontario|
|2008 (Ottawa)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2007 (Ottawa)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2006||University of Ottawa||N/A|
|2005 (University of Manitoba)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2004 (Winnipeg)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2003||College of Saint-Boniface||N/A|
|2002||College of Saint-Boniface||N/A|
|2001||University of Manitoba, Team A||N/A|
|2000||College of Saint-Boniface||N/A|
|1999||University of Winnipeg||N/A|
The Canada Winter Games are a multi-sport competition of two weeks duration. The Canada Games represent an important national competition. Twenty one sports appear. Ringette takes part in the event during one of two weeks of the Canada Games. Usually the competition begins on Mondays followed by the semi-final on Friday evening and of the National final on Saturdays. The best ringette athletes of ten provinces meet under the banner of teams of each of the provinces there. The Winter Games are held in every 4 years.
The provinces of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario have competed in the Eastern Canadian Ringette Championships (ECRC) in the following 4 divisions since 2002: (U14AA, U16A, U19A and 18+ A).
The provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia have competed annually in the Western Canadian Ringette Championships (WCRC) since 2003, at the levels of U14AA, U16A, U19A, and 18+ A.
Some of the Canada's national level ringette players have also played for the Canadian women's national bandy team. Their best results are 4th at the 2007 Women's Bandy World Championship and 2010.
Internationally, half-a-dozen countries currently participate and organize in the sport of Ringette, particularly those situated in the Northern Hemisphere. Ringette is currently organized and played in the countries of Canada, Finland, Sweden, United States, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Russia, with the largest community in Canada. In Canada over 50,000 participants register annually.
Elite level ringette leagues are present in Scandinavia and in Canada.
Canada, Finland and Sweden are members of the International Ringette Federation (IRF) established in 1986. Canada and Finland have always been the most active ambassadors in the International Federation. Canada and Finland regularly travel across various countries to demonstrate how ringette is played. Canadian teams have demonstrated in countries including as Japan, Australia, Iceland, and New Zealand.
In 1979, Juhani Wahlsten introduced ringette in Finland. Wahlsten created some teams in Turku. Finland's first ringette club was Ringetteläisiä Turun Siniset and the country's first ringette tournament took place in December, 1980. In 1979 Juhani Wahlsten invited two coaches Wendy King and Evelyn Watson from Dollard des Ormeaux ( a suburb of Montreal Quebec. Canada to teach girls of various ages how to play ringette
The Ringette Association of Turku was established in 1981 and several Canadian coaches went there to make of the training and formation. The ski national week then organized an annual tournament to bring together all the ringette teams.
The National Association of Ringuette of Finland was created in 1983.
The 1985 tournament included several hundred girls. It became impossible to combine into a single event all the age groups and all the categories of players.
The visit of different Canadian teams in the winter of 1986 increased the popularity of the sport. Currently 10,000 young Finnish girls participate in 31 ringette clubs. Several cities have important clubs: Naantali, Turku, Uusikaupunki.
Finnish ringette takes place at the local amateur level to the professional level with the elite league Ringeten SM-Sarja. This professional women league established in 1987 and consists of eight clubs in 2011-2012 season:
Ringette was introduced to Sweden in the 1980s. The first ringette club was Ulriksdals, in Stockholm. The national federation of ringette was established in 1990 and the elite league Ringetteförbundet was established in 1994. The league groups together 7 professional women clubs:
Several junior teams, and numerous amateur teams are connected with these 7 semi-pro clubs. Most Swedish ringette associations are located in the Mälardalen region. There are programs of "twin towns" between Swedish ringette association and Canadian associations for the development of the sport within the Swedish population. More than 6,000 girls are registered annually.
The National Ringette Team of the USA competes regularly at the World Ringette Championships. The two major national sporting organization for ringette in the USA are USA Ringette and Team USA Ringette.
At the beginning, the World Ringette Championships were held every other year. But since the world championship of 2004 held in Sweden, the World Championships are held once every three years. The winning national team is awarded the Sam Jacks Trophy.
The first World Championships were held in 1990 in the city of Gloucester in Ontario, Canada. Three countries participated: Canada, Finland and United States, sending a total of 8 teams. Finland finished seventh and the United States eighth while Canadian teams monopolized the podium.
The third World Championship was played in 1994 in Minnesota, United States. There were two Canada teams, Finland, United States, Sweden and Russia. Finland won the World Cup, its very first world championship.
Since 1994, these two countries (Canada and Finland) have battled for the world title. Finland took it in 1994 and in 2000, while Canada won the gold medal in 1996 and in 2002. The victory by Canada in 2002 is particularly notable. Having been defeated by the score 4-3 in extra time against Finland in 2000, Canada took its revenge by defeating their arch-rival by the score 3-1 in front of an arena filled with about 4,000 supporters in Edmonton, Alberta. The final match was broadcast on CBC and followed by 544,000 Canadian televiewers.
Since the 2004 World Championships, Finland has dominated. The 2004 World championships were played in Stockholm, where Finland took the world championship by crushing 9-3 Canada in the final.
In 2007, the World Championships were played in Ottawa, Canada. The final game required overtime after Finnish player Marjukka Virta tied the game 4–4, and Anne Pohjola scored allowing Finland to overcome Canada 5-4 · . Sweden won its first medal in the World Ringette Championship (a bronze medal) by beating 10-9 United States in overtime.
The 2013 World Championships marked the 50th anniversary of the sport and took place in North Bay, Ontario, Canada.
|Gloucester, Ontario, Canada||Alberta||Ontario||Quebec|
|Helsinki, Finland||Canada West||Canada East||Finland|
|Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States||Finland||Canada East||Canada West|
|Stockholm, Sweden||Canada||Finland||United States|
|Helsinki, Finland||Finland||Canada||United States|
|Edmonton, Alberta, Canada||Canada||Finland||United States|
|Stockholm, Sweden||Finland||Canada||United States|
|Ottawa, Ontario, Canada||Finland||Canada||Sweden|
|Tampere, Finland||Finland||Canada||United States|
|North Bay, Ontario, Canada||Finland||Canada||United States|
|Mississauga, Ontario, Canada||Finland||Canada||Sweden|
|Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada|
In November 2008, the First World Championship of Ringette Clubs involved six of the world's best clubs. The international tournament took place in Sault Ste-Marie, Canada. Four teams from the National Ringette League and 2 teams from the league of Finnish league Ringeten SM-Sarja participate in it: Cambridge Turbos, Montreal Mission, Calgary RATH, Richmond Hill Lightning participate with EKS-Espoo and LuKi-82 Luvia 75. The Tournament is taken gained by the Cambridge Turbos.
The Second World Championships of Ringette Clubs belong to Turku, in Finland, from December 27, 2011 till January 1, 2012. Canada is represented by two teams, namely the reigning world champion of clubs, the Cambridge Turbos, and by the Richmond Hill Lightning. 3 clubs represent Finland: Lapinlahden Luistin-89, Luvian Kiekko-82, Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry. The Swedish club Ulriksdals SK Ringette participate also in the international tournament. In semi-final Lapinlahden Luistin-89 overcomes 3-1 the Cambridge Turbos. Championship Finale is quite Finnish clubs because Lapinlahden Luistin 89 face Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry in the game for the golden medal. Lapinlahden Luistin-89 beats 5-4 the Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry to gain the golden medal, Tiina Randell score the victorious goals.
The Most Valuable Player is Anne Pohjola of Lapinlahden Luistin-89.
The first World Junior Ringette Championship took place in August, 2009 in Prague, Czech Republic: two Canadian teams, Canada West Under-19 and Canada-East Under-19 faced two Finnish teams, Finland White and Finland Blue.
The second World Junior Championship was held in December, 2012 in London, Ontario, Canada.
Canada Post issued four stamps in a series entitled Canadian inventions: sports featuring four sports with Canadian origins: ringette, basketball, five-pin bowling and lacrosse. The commemorative stamps were issued on August 10, 2009. The stamp featured well-worn equipment used in each sport with a background line drawing of the appropriate playing surface.
2013 World Ringette Championships were the 10th World Ringette Championships. They were held in North Bay, Ontario, Canada between 31 December 2013 and 4 January 2014.
Participating teams were Canada, Finland, Sweden, United States, Canada U19 and Finland U19.2015 National Ringette League playoffs
The 2015 National Ringette League Playoffs were the postseason tournament of 2014-15 National Ringette League season. Cambridge Turbos defeated the Richmond Hill Lighting to win the 4th title.2015–16 National Ringette League season
The 2015–16 National Ringette League season was the 12th season of the National Ringette League and began in October 3, 2015 and ended in April 9, 2016. Cambridge wins the fifth title.2016–17 National Ringette League season
The 2016–17 National Ringette League season was the 13th season of the National Ringette League and it began in October 2, 2016 and ended in April 1, 2017. Cambridge Turbos wins the six titles.2017–18 National Ringette League season
The 2017–18 National Ringette League season was the 14th season of the National Ringette League and it began in September 30, 2017 and end in April 14. Atlantic Attack wins the first title by defeated Edmonton WAM! 5-3.2018 National Ringette League playoffs
The 2018 National Ringette League Playoffs are the postseason tournament of 2017-18 National Ringette League season. Atlantic Attack wins the first title.Anna Vanhatalo
Anna Vanhatalo (born February 29, 1984) is a hockey and ringette player who competes for Finland women's national ice hockey team and for Finland national ringette team. Vanhatalo excels at both sports.Atlantic Attack
The Atlantic Attack are a team in the Canadian National Ringette League (NRL) that mostly consists of players from Atlantic Canada. Their home arena is located in Cocagne, New Brunswick. The team was founded in 2011 and in their 7th season the Atlantic Attack won their first National Ringette League Playoff title.Bourassa Royal
The Bourassa Royal are a team in the National Ringette League that gathers players from Bourassa-Laval-Lanaudière in Quebec.Cambridge Turbos
The Cambridge Turbos are a team in the National Ringette League that play out of Cambridge, Ontario.Floor hockey
Floor hockey is a family of indoor hockey games. 5 variations exist: three variations in the style of ice hockey, and the other two in the style of bandy, one of which is called floorball in English speaking regions.
Two of these variations involve the use of wheeled skates and are categorized as roller sports under the title of roller hockey. Quad hockey uses quad skates and looks similar to bandy, while inline hockey uses inline skates and is of the ice hockey variation.
All styles and codes are played on dry, flat floor surfaces such as a gymnasium or basketball court. As in other hockey codes, players on each team attempt to shoot a ball or puck into a goal using sticks, usually with a
Floor hockey games differ from street hockey in that the games are more structured, and two use wheeled skates. The variations which do not involve wheeled skates are sometimes used for training children to play ice hockey and bandy in a training format known as dryland training.Montréal Mission
The Montréal Mission are a team in the National Ringette League that gathers players from the region of Montreal, Quebec. The Montréal Mission play in the National Ringette League and the team plays its home games at Centre Étienne Desmarteau.National Ringette League
The National Ringette League (NRL) is the top level ringette league in Canada. It is a showcase league, with all players involved unpaid, and is guided by the sports national non-profit sports organization, Ringette Canada.
The NRL currently consists in the 2018-2019 season of fourteen teams in two conferences - a western conference of five teams and an eastern conference of nine, divided in Read and White division. The great majority of the players come from Canada with a few from the United States, Finland, and other countries.National Ringette League playoffs
National Ringette League playoffs are the knockout match, round robin and tournament for determining the champion for National Ringette League.Ringette World Club Championship
The Ringette World Club Championship was an international ringette competition organised by the International Ringette Federation. It featured the top teams of the Canadian National Ringette League (NRL), the Finnish Ringeten SM-Sarja and Swedish Ringette Dam-SM. World Club Championship has been held in 2008 and 2011. On 2013 the IRF cancelled the 2014 Championship which was planned to be organized in Sweden.Sam Jacks
Samuel Perry Jacks (April 23, 1915 – May 14, 1975 in Glasgow, Scotland) was a Canadian inventor, creator of the sport of ringette and floor hockey. He was posthumously inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 2007.Jacks moved to Canada with his family in 1920 and in 1935 became the assistant physical director at the West End YMCA in Toronto. A year later, he invented floor hockey. He created the first set of rules for floor hockey, an achievement later recognized by the Youth Branch of the United Nations.From 1940 to 1945, he served with the Canadian Forces as a member of the 1st Parachute Battalion. After his military service, he met his future wife, Agnes . They married, lived in Toronto, and had three sons together, Barry, Bruce and Brian.
Jacks initially worked at the West End YMCA in Toronto but in 1948 was asked to become director of parks and recreation for the city of North Bay, Ontario. He was instrumental in developing the first Northern Ontario Playground Hockey Association (NOPHA) which encouraged youth to play hockey on outdoor rinks.
Jacks's most well known achievement was his invention of the sport of ringette. Ringette was created to both address and remedy two ongoing problems: the observation and criticism regarding the Northern Ontario Recreation Directors Association (NORDA)'s tendency to place most of its time, resources, and focus on running sports programs aimed at the male population to the exclusion of the female population, and the association's continual lack of success in gaining and maintaining participation in the two winter based team sports available to girls at that time: broomball and girls ice hockey.Sports in Markham, Ontario
Most sports in Markham, Ontario are amateur or recreational:
Markham Bears Ringette - Provincial & Regional Ringette teams
Markham Junior Hockey Club
Markham Mariners - Markham District Rep. Baseball
Markham Raiders - Markham Minor Football Association
Markham Stouffville Stars - Girls Hockey Association (L.L.F.H.L.)
Markham Mariners - Markham Men's Baseball
Markham Thunder - Markham Minor Lacrosse
Markham Thunder - Canadian Women's Hockey League
Markham Ironheads-Ontario Junior B Lacrosse Team
Markham Waxers - Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League (folded 2012)
Markham Royals - Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League
MUMBA - Markham-Unionville Minor Basketball Association Rep. Program
Markham Majors - Markham Men's Fastball
Markham Islanders- Markham Minor Hockey (G.T.H.L. "AA" and "A")
Markham Majors- Markham Minor Hockey (G.T.H.L. "AAA")
Toronto Canada Moose, Based out of the community of Thornhill (Markham/Vaughan) - Greater Metro Junior 'A' Hockey League
Unionville Spartans - Unionville Minor Softball Association Select Program
Unionville Jets - Unionville Minor Hockey Association Select Program (York Simcoe Minor Hockey League or GTHL depending on age)
York Region Raiders- Ontario Varsity Football LeagueLeagues
FCCM Basketball Division
Markham District Baseball Association
Markham Men's Recreational Hockey
Markham Regional Ringette Association (MRRA)
Markham Women's Ringette Association
Markham Men's Slo-Pitch League
Markham Woman's Slo-Pitch League
Markham Unionville Minor Basketball Association (MUMBA)
Unionville Minor Hockey Association
Unionville Minor Softball Association
Unionville Men's Slo-Pitch League
Unionville Mixed Slo-Pitch League
Unionville Ladies Slo-Pitch Baseball
Thornhill Community Hockey League (TCHL)
Thornhill Baseball Club
Thornhill Slo-Pitch LeagueClubs
Armadale Tennis Club
Bluewater Basketball Program
Markham Aquatic Club
Markham Cricket Club
Markham Lawn Bowling Club
Markham Rugby Club
Markham Lightning Soccer Club
Markham Tennis Club
Thornhill Thunder Soccer Club
Unionville Curling Club
Unionville-Milliken Strikers Soccer Club
Unionville Tennis ClubDue to the large areas of undeveloped land, Markham has several golf facilities:
Angus Glen Golf Club- opened 1995
Bayview Country Club (private) 1960
Cedar Brae Golf & Country Club (private) - opened 1969 just south of Markham in Toronto and relocated in 1954 from original 1922 course in south Scarborough and again in 1962 from land just west of the current course
Remington Parkview Golf Club 1997 - southern section of the former IBM Golf Course (c. 1950 as Box Grove Golf and IBM 1967)
Cresthaven Golf Club 1964
Markham Golf Dome
Mandarin Golf and Country Club - Windmill Golf Club before 1991 and to be re-developed after 2017
Markham Green Golf Club 1997 - northern section of the former IBM Golf Course (c. 1950 as Box Grove Golf and IBM 1967) with rest developed as residential
Uplands Golf & Country Club 1922 - reduced size in 1989 due to development
York Downs Golf & Country Club (Private) - opened 1922 and will undergo re-development after 2020World Ringette Championships
World Ringette Championships are a competition between ringette-playing nations. Tournament is administrated by the International Ringette Federation (IRF). Ringette was invented in 1963 by Sam Jacks and Mirl "Red" McCarthy and the first World Championships were played in 1990. The winning team is awarded with the Sam Jacks Cup championship trophy.The last international competition, the 2017 World Ringette Championships, was hosted in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. The event was held from Nov. 27 to Dec. 3 at Hershey Centre Arena.
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