Richard Wiseman

Richard J. Wiseman (born 17 September 1966) is a Professor of the Public Understanding of Psychology at the University of Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.[2] He has written several best-selling popular psychology books that have been translated into over 30 languages. He has given keynote addresses to The Royal Society, The Swiss Economic Forum, Google and Amazon.[3][4] He is a fellow for the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry and a patron of Humanists UK. Wiseman is also the creator of the YouTube channel Quirkology.[5]

Richard Wiseman
Richard Wiseman-Emcee-CSICON 2012-Nashville-Opening Remarks-OCT 26 2012
Wiseman at CSICon 2012.
Richard J. Wiseman

17 September 1966 (age 52)
Alma mater
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Hertfordshire
ThesisThe assessment of psychic claimants : an application of schema theory to the evaluation of strong psychic claims (1992)
Doctoral advisorRobert L. Morris[1]

Early life and education

Wiseman was born and raised in Luton. His mother a seamstress and his father an engineer, he learned his trade as a teenage magician working the crowds in Covent Garden.[6]

Like most magicians I got into magic really young. You open that book when you're in the library, and go "this is for me". It happened to me at about age eight.

— Richard Wiseman, Interview The Scotsman[6]

At 18 he continued as a street performer and went to University College London to study psychology, partly because it "was right around the corner". He shared accommodation as a student with Adrian Owen, later also to become a psychologist. In his years as a street performer he learned how to adapt or get out of what you are doing because "Sometimes you would start your act and after five minutes there was no audience." He moved to Edinburgh where he obtained his PhD in Psychology from the University of Edinburgh for research supervised by Robert L. Morris.[1] He went from there to the University of Hertfordshire, becoming Britain's first professor in the Public Understanding of Psychology.[6]

In his early years at the University of Hertfordshire, Wiseman partnered with Simon Singh on a BBC segment about lying for the National Science Week. The segment spanned TV, radio and print and featured a "politician making a statement, and letting the public vote on whether they thought this figure was telling the truth in each medium." It was the first time that Wiseman and Singh met. From the beginning, the two got along well and on Singh's idea, ended up creating a show together called Theatre of Science. The show aimed to deliver science to the audience in an entertaining manner. Wiseman describes how one stunt involved standing in a cage between two Tesla coils while lightning struck the cage. Wiseman ended up writing The Luck Factor in part due to Singh as well. With the success of Singh's book, Fermat's Last Theorem, Singh introduced Wiseman to his agent and encouraged him to write a similar book in the psychology arena, which led to The Luck Factor.[7]

Career and research

Psychological research

Wiseman is known for his critical examination and frequent debunking of unusual phenomena, including reports of paranormal phenomena. He is a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI).[8] His research has been published in numerous academic journals, reported at various conferences,[9] and featured on television.[10]

Wiseman has studied the principles of good and bad luck, publishing the results in the self-help book The Luck Factor. He showed that both good and bad luck result from measurable habits; for example, lucky people, by expecting good luck, might expend more effort in their endeavours, resulting in more success, reinforcing their belief in good luck. Lucky people are outgoing and observant and therefore have many more chance encounters than unlucky people, each of which could bring a lucky opportunity. Moreover, lucky people are more likely to look on the bright side of 'bad' encounters. In a mental exercise describing being shot during a bank robbery, lucky people considered themselves lucky not to have been killed while unlucky people considered themselves unlucky to have been shot.[11]

Public engagement

Some people will just see [his work] as fun and say, that's interesting. I would hope a few people then go slightly beyond that and look at the implications. I want people to find that for themselves.

— Richard Wiseman, Interview research.[12]

Much of Wiseman's work tends to be oblique, as he prefers to make people go outside, discuss, research and think about the implications of his work rather than trying to convey his points in a 45-minute talk. So instead of talking directly about eyewitness testimony in law he would set something up that looked like it, something like the colour changing card trick.[12] In this mind set he has presented keynote addresses to organisations around the world and in well known forums and congresses like the Swiss Economic Forum and ESOMAR Congress.[12][13] Much of this work has involved helping organisation become more successful by embracing the lucky mind-set.

In 2001 Wiseman led LaughLab, an international experiment to find the world's funniest joke.[14] The winning joke described a caller to emergency services who shoots his friend who has collapsed to comply with the instruction "First, let's make sure he's dead".[14] The experiment also explored regional and cultural variations in humour. These public psychology experiments – such as enlisting people to name, and rate, their favourite gags in the search for the world's funniest jokes – have drawn hundreds of thousands of participants and plenty of press.

In 2011, Wiseman wrote the first section of a collaborative story at Libboo in an attempt to produce a full-length novel in two months. The final result of this experiment, was a novel called, Paradox: The Curious Life, and Mysterious Death, of Mr Joseph Wheeler.[15]

In 2013 Richard Wiseman became the first guest curator at Edinburgh's International Science Festival.[6] He participated in the festival with "Richard Wiseman's Beginners Guide to... Climate Change".[16] In 2014 he does a repeat of his 'Beginners Guide to' but this time with 3 different talks:

Wiseman has also become a content creator on YouTube after uploading a video of the colour changing card trick[20] in 2007 that has 6 million views as of January 2014. He is best known for his "Bets You Will Always Win" series, which has amassed over 60 million views throughout 10 videos. On 7 January 2014, Wiseman uploaded a video to a new channel called "59 Seconds"[21] in promotion of his book of the same name.

Wiseman is a patron of Humanists UK and appeared in the Nine Lessons and Carols for Godless People Christmas stage show organised by the New Humanist.[22] He is also a Distinguished Supporter of Humanist Society Scotland.[23]

In 2017 Wiseman interviewed Richard Dawkins at CSIcon Las Vegas 2017 covering topics on evolution, extra terrestrials and god. [24]

Edinburgh Secret Society

The Edinburgh Secret Society organises events for those of a curious disposition. These include verbal, theatrical and experimental presentations intended to inform, entertain and bewilder. This group, as the name states, tends to be low key and has appeared in very few news outlets. The Society motto is 'The king cannot be saved, the king cannot make custard', which is one of many things the group won't openly say the meaning of. It is run by Peter Lamont, friend and colleague, and Richard Wiseman having events involving The Filmhouse, the British Science Association, Edinburgh's World of Illusions, and The Edinburgh International Science Festival.[25] Through the Edinburgh Secret Society Wiseman has found a new following, hosting evenings of irreverent talks and entertainment on topics including self-help and dying. In February 2011 they staged 'An Evening of Death' in A Victorian Anatomy Theatre at the University of Edinburgh, an event that sold out its 250 tickets within minutes.[6]


Wiseman is a professor in "public psychology" at the University of Hertfordshire who divides his time between London and Edinburgh. He is a skeptic who does not believe in extrasensory perception or prayer and who, as a former magician, rejects the purported supernatural experiences reported in seances conducted in darkened rooms where every kind of trickery is available.[6]

Media appearances

Wiseman's research has been featured on over 150 television programmes, including Horizon, Equinox and World in Action.[10] He is regularly heard on BBC Radio 4, including appearances on Start the Week, Midweek and the Today programme. Wiseman also makes numerous appearances on some British television shows; in The Real Hustle he explains the psychology behind many of the scams and confidence tricks; in Mind Games he's a regular team captain of a panel game of puzzles, anagrams and conundrums; and in People Watchers, a hidden-camera show examining human behaviour. Besides being interviewed in several of these television programmes, he was a creative consultant in an episode of Your Bleeped Up Brain and a researcher of the documentary Unlawful Killing.[10]

Feature articles about his work have regularly appeared in The Times, The Daily Telegraph and The Guardian.

Wiseman's 2011 book, Paranormality: Why We See What Isn't There was electronically self-published in the United States, as Wiseman was told by American publishers there was no interest in scepticism.[26]

In 2011, Wiseman wrote the first section of a collaborative story at Libboo in an attempt to produce a full-length novel in two months. The final result of this experiment, was a novel called, Paradox: The Curious Life, and Mysterious Death, of Mr Joseph Wheeler.[27]

Focus on paranormal

Wiseman is known for his critical examination and frequent debunking of unusual phenomena, including reports of paranormal phenomena. He is a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI).[8] His research has been published in numerous academic journals, reported at various conferences,[9] and featured on television.[10]

In 2004, he took part in a preliminary test of Natasha Demkina, a young Russian woman who claims to have a special vision that allows her to see inside of people's bodies and diagnose illnesses. The test, whose validity has been disputed by Demkina's supporters,[28][29] was featured in the Discovery Channel documentary, The Girl with X-Ray Eyes.[30]

Wiseman has published studies on anomalistic psychology and the psychology of paranormal belief. He is the author of the book titled Paranormality: Why We See What Isn't There (2011) which takes a psychological approach to paranormal phenomena. The book offers its readers tools to investigate paranormal claims using QR Codes, which Wiseman saw as "exciting use of new media"[26] to allow people to see footage and make up their minds themselves.

Dream:ON The App

Wiseman launched the Dream:ON App at the Edinburgh International Science Festival 2012. It is developed and maintained by YUZA, a mobile experience team based in London. The app is powered by an engine which constantly monitors and adjusts the behaviour of Dream:ON; optimising the experience for the user. When the user enters the rapid eye movement (REM) stage of sleep where dreaming is most common, the app delivers unique audio soundscapes which the subconscious is shown to respond to.[31]

"We have created a new way of carrying out mass participation experiments. We still know relatively little about the science of dreaming and this app may provide a real breakthrough in changing how we dream, and record and track those dreams." – Professor Richard Wiseman

The App is also a social experiment: in the morning it presents you with a graph of your movement during the night, allows you to tag any of your friends who appeared in your dreams via Facebook and invites you to post a short description of your dream to their experimental 'Dream Bank'. Creating the world's largest dream experiment.[32]


Wiseman Plait Nickell
Richard Wiseman (left) during TAM9 in 2011, with Phil Plait and Joe Nickell
  • CSICOP Public Education in Science Award, 2000[33]
  • British Science Association Joseph Lister Award, 2002[33]
  • NESTA DreamTime Fellowship for his innovative work in science communication, 2004[34]
  • In 2011 the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSICOP) presented Wiseman the Robert B. Balles Prize for Critical Thinking for his book Paranormality. "Wiseman is not simply interested in looking at a claim... He is interested in showing us how easy it is for us to be deceived and how easily we can be fooled and fool others."[35]
  • In 2016 he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science by Abertay University in Dundee. [36]


Richard Wiseman talks about 59 Seconds on Bookbits radio.
  • Wiseman, R. & Morris, R. L. (1995). Guidelines for Testing Psychic Claimants. Hatfield, UK: University of Hertfordshire Press (US edition: Amherst, USA: Prometheus Press).
  • Milton, J. & Wiseman, R. (1997). Guidelines for Extrasensory Perception Research. Hatfield, UK: University of Hertfordshire Press.
  • Wiseman, R. (1997). Deception and self-deception: Investigating Psychics. Amherst, USA: Prometheus Press
  • Lamont, P. & Wiseman, R. (1999). Magic in Theory: an introduction to the theoretical and psychological elements of conjuring. Hatfield, UK: University of Hertfordshire Press (US edition: Hermetic Press).
  • Wiseman, R. (2002). Laughlab: The Scientific Search For The World's Funniest Joke. London, UK: Random House
  • Wiseman, R. (2003). The Luck Factor. London, UK: Random House
  • Wiseman, R. (2004). Did you spot the gorilla? How to recognise hidden opportunities in your life. London, UK: Random House
  • Wiseman, R. & Watt, C. (2005). Parapsychology. London, UK: Ashgate International Library of Psychology. Series Editor, Prof. David Canter
  • Wiseman, R. (2007). Quirkology. London, UK: Pan Macmillan
  • Wiseman, R. (2009). 59 Seconds: Think a Little, Change a Lot. London, UK: Pan Macmillan
  • Wiseman, R. (2011). Paranormality: Why we see what isn't there. London, UK: Pan Macmillan
  • Wiseman, R. (2012). Rip it up: The radically new approach to changing your life. London, UK: Macmillan
  • Wiseman, R. (2014). Night School: Wake up to the power of sleep . London, UK: Macmillan
  • Wiseman, R. (2018). How to remember things. London, UK: Macmillan
  • Wiseman, R. (2019). Shoot for the Moon. London, UK: Quercus Editions Ltd


  1. ^ a b Wiseman, Richard (1992). The assessment of psychic claimants : an application of schema theory to the evaluation of strong psychic claims. (PhD thesis). University of Edinburgh. hdl:1842/20306. OCLC 606153209. EThOS Free to read
  2. ^ "University of Herfordshire Phonebook". Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  3. ^ "About Richard Wiseman". Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Quirkology". Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Quirkology on YouTube". Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Interview: Professor Richard Wiseman, Edinburgh Science Festival guest curator". The Scotsman. 11 February 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Richard Wiseman and Simon Singh: How we met". The Independent. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  8. ^ a b "CSI Fellows and Staff". Skeptical Inquirer.
  9. ^ a b "Papers".
  10. ^ a b c d "Richard Wiseman (I)". IMdb.
  11. ^ Carter, Christine. "Happy-go-Lucky". Psychology Today.
  12. ^ a b c Bain, Robert (19 September 2011). "The illusion and reality of research". research. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  13. ^ "Keynote Speech: Professor Richard Wiseman". 7 June 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  14. ^ a b "LaughLab".
  15. ^ Libboo (19 July 2011). "The Mercury is Rising Fast". Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  16. ^ Pirie, Emma (1 March 2012). "Environment News Earth and Environment". EDINBURGH INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE FESTIVAL. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  19. ^ "RICHARD WISEMAN'S BEGINNERS GUIDE TO... THE EARTH". Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  20. ^ Wiseman, Richard (28 April 2007). "Colour Changing Card Trick". Quirkology. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  21. ^ "Quirkology". YouTube. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  22. ^ "Professor Richard Wiseman Psychologist, magician and Patron of the BHA". British Humanist Association. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  23. ^ "Professor Richard Wiseman announced as latest Distinguished Supporter of Humanist Society Scotland". Humanist Society Scotland. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  24. ^ Frazier, Kendrick. "CSIcon Las Vegas 2017 Conference Report". Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  25. ^ "The Edinburgh Secret Society: About Us". Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  26. ^ a b Skepticality (5 July 2011). "Paranormality". Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  27. ^ Libboo (19 July 2011). "The Mercury is Rising Fast". Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  28. ^ Baty, Phil (10 December 2004). "Scientists fail to see eye to eye over girl's 'X-ray vision'". Times HIgher Education. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  29. ^ Rennolls, Keith (17 December 2004). "Distorted visions". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  30. ^ Hyman, Ray. "Testing Natasha". Skeptical Inquirer. Center for Skeptical Inquiry. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ "Dream:ON - The App to Influence Your Dreams". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  33. ^ a b "Education Guardian March 2, 2004". London: 2 March 2004. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  34. ^ "Turning scientific papers into best-selling prose".
  35. ^ Karr, Barry. "CSI's Balles Prize Goes to Richard Wiseman for Paranormality". Skeptical Inquirer. CSICOP. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  36. ^

External links

Ciarán O'Keeffe

Ciarán James O'Keeffe (born 21 March 1971) is an Irish psychologist specialising in parapsychology and forensic psychology. Prior to his academic psychology career he trained in contemporary arts and had a teaching position on the BA Art programme at the IADT (Institute of Art, Design & Technology) in Dublin, where he still holds an "Assistant Lecturer" position. He is currently employed at Bucks New University. He has held a research associate position at the University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail and also an online tutor position at Derby University. Previously employed at Liverpool Hope University, lecturing in psychology with a parapsychology component, O'Keeffe is a member of the Society for Psychical Research and a senior advisor to The Ghost Club. According to his own website, he completed his PhD at the University of Hertfordshire under the supervision of Richard Wiseman and Julia Buckroyd.

Edinburgh Skeptics

Edinburgh Skeptics (Edinburgh Skeptics Society) is a nonprofit organisation that promotes science, reason and critical thinking in Edinburgh and throughout Scotland. It was founded in 2009. The Society hosts regular social and educational events in Edinburgh and has campaigned against the use of homeopathy and challenged claims of ghost sightings.

The Society organizes regular talks as part of Skeptics in the Pub. The speaker invited to launch the group in March 2009 was Chris French. Subsequent speakers have included David Aaronovitch and Julian Baggini. In 2010 the Society created the award-winning Skeptics on the Fringe event, which is held annually during the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. Skeptics on the Fringe won an Ockham Award after a vote by the readers of The Skeptic magazine in 2013 and has been awarded 4 stars by the publication Broadway Baby. An Ockham award was again won in 217. Speakers such as Simon Singh, Richard Wiseman,A C Grayling,Edzard Ernst

and Paul Zenon have taken part in this event. Other Fringe activities include themed walking tours of Edinburgh.Current activities include a range of talks held as part of the Edinburgh International Science Festival, a cinema night, a discussion group and a mobile stall to deliver science and rationalism outreach to the public. In 2015 the Society started the Edinburgh Skeptics Podcast on a variety of platforms with content including interviews with various personalities as well as recordings of the Society's events.

In the past the Society has also co-hosted special events, such as a talk by Marc Abrahams, founder of the Ig Nobel Prizes and continues to work with various groups in the scientific and skeptical community.

Ganzfeld experiment

A ganzfeld experiment (from the German for “entire field”) is a technique used in parapsychology which is used to test individuals for extrasensory perception (ESP). The ganzfeld experiments are among the most recent in parapsychology for testing telepathy. Consistent, independent replication of ganzfeld experiments has not been achieved.

History of the Joke

History of the Joke is a two-hour television special documentary film that was premiered on February 18, 2008, in the USA on History.

This special was hosted by Lewis Black and starred Mitch Fatel, Ed Galvez, Jessica Glassberg George Carlin, Shelley Berman, Jimmy Carr, Jeff Dunham, Steve Byrne, Gallagher, Patton Oswalt, Aisha Tyler, Robin Williams, Brian Posehn, Greg Fitzsimmons, Gina Yashere, George Lopez, Lynne Koplitz, Kathy Griffin, Dave Attell and Penn & Teller. In the show, Black considers all of the different components of the perfect joke and all types of comedy, including physical comedy and slapstick. The jokes ranged over all types of subject matter: children, race, sex and religion. The show is broken down into thirteen parts: comedy, physical comedy, timing is everything, improv, born funny?, ladies and gentlemen, dirty jokes, taboos, the bomb, hecklers, pain, the truth and what is laughter? Professor Richard Wiseman explains the scientific and psychological source of comedy and talks about his search for the world's funniest joke. The history of comedy is covered from ancient Greek street performers, the masked performers of mid-16th century Italy to possibly the first female comedians from Shakespearean actresses (although there were few if any female actresses in Shakespearean times because all female roles were played by men) and English Restoration.

List of Spiritualist organizations

This is a list of Spiritualist organizations:

Agasha Temple of Wisdom

Arthur Findlay College

Camp Chesterfield

International Spiritualist Federation

National Spiritualist Association of Churches

Spiritualist Association of Great Britain

Spiritualists' National Union

Paranormality (book)

Paranormality: Why we see what isn't there is a 2011 book about the paranormal by psychologist and magician Richard Wiseman. Wiseman argues that paranormal phenomena such as psychics, telepathy, ghosts, out-of-body experiences, prophesy and more do not exist, and explores why people continue to believe, and what that tells us about human behavior and the way the brain functions. Wiseman uses QR codes throughout the book, which link to YouTube videos as examples and as experiments the reader can participate in to further explain the phenomena. Because of a cautious American publishing market, it was only available in America through Kindle. Paranormality was awarded the Center for Inquiry's Robert P. Balles award for 2011.

Perrott-Warrick Fund

The Perrot–Warrick Fund is administered by Trinity College, Cambridge, and awards grants for research in parapsychology. According to Susan Blackmore, it is the second largest source of grants for psychical research in the UK, after the University of Edinburgh's Koestler Parapsychology Unit. Caroline Watt of the University of Edinburgh has been Perrott–Warrick Senior Researcher since 2010. The position was previously held by Rupert Sheldrake, Richard Wiseman and Nicholas Humphrey.

QED (conference)

QED: Question, Explore, Discover, also called QEDcon or simply QED, is an annual skeptical conference held in Manchester, UK. QED is organised by North West Skeptical Events Ltd (NWSE), a volunteer-owned non-profit organisation originating from a collaboration between the Merseyside Skeptics Society and the Greater Manchester Skeptics Society.

Richard Wiseman (MP)

Sir Richard Wiseman (1632–1712) of Torrell's Hall, Willingale, Essex was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1661 to 1679.

Wiseman was born at Willingale the eldest surviving son of Sir Richard Wiseman of Torrell's Hall and his wife Lucy Griffin, daughter of Sir Thomas Griffin of Braybrooke, Northamptonshire. He was educated at Bishop's Stortford Grammar School and was admitted at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge on 15 October 1647, aged 15. He succeeded to the estates of his father in 1654.

He was J.P. for Essex from 1656 to 1689. In 1657 he was commissioner for assessment for Essex. In March 1660, he was commissioner for militia for Essex . He was knighted on 21 June 1660. From August 1660 to 1680 he was commissioner for assessment for Essex again. In 1661, he was elected Member of Parliament for Maldon in the Cavalier Parliament. He was commissioner for corporations from 1662 to 1663. In 1675 he was commissioner for recusants and in 1677 became commissioner for assessment for Maldon and for Westminster. He was Deputy Lieutenant from April 1688 to 1689.Wiseman died at the age of about 80 and was buried at St Anne's, Soho on 25 May 1712.Wiseman married firstly on 2 January 1655, Elizabeth Towse, daughter of John Towse, grocer of London and had two sons and a daughter. He married secondly under licence dated 15 March 1669, Mary Abell, the daughter of Sir Thomas Wiseman of Rivenhall, Essex and widow of William Abell of East Claydon, Buckinghamshire and previously of Charles Fitch of Woodham Walter, Essex. Both his sons predeceased him and Torrell's Hall passed to his daughter.

Richard Wiseman (surgeon)

Richard Wiseman (c. 1621–1676) was an English surgeon, the first consultant surgeon in London. He was personal surgeon to King Charles II, and author of a medical work called Severall Chirurgical Treatises.

Robert L. Morris

Robert Lyle Morris (July 9, 1942, in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania – August 12, 2004, in Edinburgh, Scotland) was an American psychologist, parapsychologist and professor at the University of Edinburgh, where he was the first holder of the Koestler Chair of Parapsychology at the Koestler Parapsychology Unit.

Simon Singh

Simon Lehna Singh, (born 19 September 1964) is a British popular science author, theoretical and particle physicist whose works largely contain a strong mathematical element. His written works include Fermat's Last Theorem (in the United States titled Fermat's Enigma: The Epic Quest to Solve the World's Greatest Mathematical Problem), The Code Book (about cryptography and its history), Big Bang (about the Big Bang theory and the origins of the universe), Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial (about complementary and alternative medicine, co-written by Edzard Ernst) and The Simpsons and Their Mathematical Secrets (about mathematical ideas and theorems hidden in episodes of The Simpsons and Futurama). In 2012 Singh founded the Good Thinking Society.Singh has also produced documentaries and works for television to accompany his books, is a trustee of NESTA and the National Museum of Science and Industry, a patron of Humanists UK, founder of the Good Thinking Society, and co-founder of the Undergraduate Ambassadors Scheme.

Spirit world (Spiritualism)

The spirit world, according to spiritualism, is the world or realm inhabited by spirits, both good or evil of various spiritual manifestations. Whereas religion regards an inner life, the spirit world is regarded as an external environment for spirits. Although independent from the natural world, both the spirit world and the natural world are in constant interaction. Through mediumship, these worlds can consciously communicate with each other. The spirit world is sometimes described by mediums from the natural world in trance.

The Amazing Meeting

The Amazing Meeting (TAM), stylized as The Amaz!ng Meeting, was an annual conference that focused on science, skepticism, and critical thinking. The conference started in 2003 and was sponsored by the James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF). Perennial speakers included Penn & Teller, Phil Plait, Michael Shermer and James "The Amazing" Randi. Speakers at the four-day conference were selected from a variety of disciplines including scientific educators, magicians, and community activists. Outside the plenary sessions the conference included workshops, additional panel discussions, music and magic performances and live taping of podcasts including The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe. The final Amazing Meeting was held in July 2015.

The Infinite Monkey Cage

The Infinite Monkey Cage is a BBC Radio 4 comedy and popular science series. Hosted by physicist Brian Cox and comedian Robin Ince, The Independent described it as a "witty and irreverent look at the world according to science". The show's eighth series was broadcast in June and July 2013 and the podcast, published immediately after the initial radio broadcast, features extended versions of most episodes starting with 1 July 2013 Glastonbury Special episode in Series 8. The programme won a Gold Award in the Best Speech Programme category at the 2011 Sony Radio Awards, and it won the best Radio Talk Show at the 2015 Rose d'Or awards. The name is a reference to the infinite monkey theorem.

Each show has a particular topic up for discussion, with previous topics including the apocalypse and space travel. There are normally three guests; two of these are scientists with an interest in the topic of discussion, offering an expert opinion on the subject. The other guest is usually a comedian, who takes a less serious view of the subject, and often makes the show more accessible by asking the 'stupid' questions that the other guests may have overlooked.

Ince and Cox headed an Uncaged Monkeys live tour in 2011, and toured the United States in 2015.In April 2018 a book titled "Infinite Monkey Cage - How to Build a Universe" was released. Its audiobook was read by Brian Cox and Robin Ince.

Willingale, Essex

Willingale is a village and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. The civil parish also includes the village of Shellow Bowells and the hamlet of Miller's Green. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 501. Willingale has two churches in one churchyard: one dedicated to St Christopher; the other to St Andrew. The civil parish of Willingale was created on 1 April 1946 from the parishes of Shellow Bowells, Willingale Doe and Willingale Spain. Willingale Doe and Spain were recorded in the Domesday Book as Ulinghehala/Willing(h)ehala.

Richard Wiseman (1632 - 1712), landowner and member of parliament was born in the village.


Wiseman is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Adele Wiseman, Canadian author

Bob Wiseman, Canadian musician, filmmaker, singer-songwriter, actor

Chad Wiseman, Canadian ice hockey player

Clarence Wiseman, 10th General of the Salvation Army

Danny Wiseman, American professional bowler

Debbie Wiseman, English film and television composer

Donald Wiseman, English professor, archeologist and writer

Douglas Wiseman, Canadian politician

Ernest Wiseman, English comedian, stage name Ernie Wise

Frederick Wiseman, American film director

Gary Wiseman, American musician for the rock band Bowling for Soup

Gregory R. Wiseman, NASA astronaut

Howard M. Wiseman, Australian theoretical quantum physicist

Jay Wiseman, BDSM author

Jennifer Wiseman, American astronomer

Jim Wiseman, Canadian politician

John Wiseman, former SAS soldier, 1980s

Johnny Wiseman former SAS soldier, Second World War

Joseph Wiseman (1918–2009), Canadian actor

Len Wiseman, American film director and screenwriter

Lofty Wiseman, British author and survival consultant

Loren Wiseman, American game designer

Mac Wiseman, American bluegrass singer

Mary Wiseman (born 1961), American lawyer and judge

Mary Wiseman, America actress

Nicholas Wiseman, Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster

Neil Wiseman, British computer scientist

Paul Wiseman, New Zealand cricketer

Rhett Wiseman (born 1994), American baseball player

Richard Wiseman (1622–1676), English surgeon

Richard Wiseman, English psychology professor

Robert Wiseman, Scottish businessman

Rochelle Wiseman (born 1989), British singer

Rosalind Wiseman, American educator and author

Scott Wiseman, English footballer

Solomon Wiseman, Australian convict, merchant and shipowner

Thomas A. Wiseman Jr., U.S. federal judge

Tina Wiseman, American actress

T. P. Wiseman, Classical scholar, University of Exeter, England, UK

William Wiseman (disambiguation), multiple people

Wiseman baronets

There have been three baronetcies created for persons with the surname Wiseman, all in the Baronetage of England. Only one creation is extant as of 2008.

The Wiseman Baronetcy, of Canfield Hall in the County of Essex, was created in the Baronetage of England on 29 August 1628 for William Wiseman. Both he and the second Baronet served as High Sheriff of Essex. The seventh Baronet was a Captain in the Royal Navy. The eighth Baronet was a Rear-Admiral in the Royal Navy. The ninth Baronet was also a captain in the Royal Navy. The tenth Baronet was an intelligence agent and banker.

Sir John Wiseman, great-grandfather of the first Baronet, was knighted at the Battle of the Spurs and acquired the family seat of Canfield Hall in Essex.

The Wiseman Baronetcy, of Thundersley in the County of Essex, was created in the Baronetage of England on 18 December 1628 for Richard Wiseman. The title became extinct on his death in circa 1654.

The Wiseman Baronetcy, of Rivenhall in the County of Essex, was created in the Baronetage of England on 15 June 1660 for William Wiseman, who later represented Maldon in the House of Commons. The title became extinct on his death in 1688.

World's funniest joke

The "world's funniest joke" is a term used by Richard Wiseman of the University of Hertfordshire in 2002 to summarize one of the results of his research. For his experiment, named LaughLab, he created a website where people could rate and submit jokes. Purposes of the research included discovering the joke that had the widest appeal and understanding among different cultures, demographics and countries.The History Channel eventually hosted a special on the subject.


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