Richard Read

Richard Read (born 1957) is the Seattle bureau chief for the Los Angeles Times.[1] A two-time Pulitzer Prize winner, he was a senior writer and foreign correspondent for The Oregonian, working for the Portland, Oregon newspaper from 1981 to 1986 and 1989 until 2016.

Read has reported from more than 60 countries and all seven continents, covering wars in Cambodia and Afghanistan and disasters including the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and Japan's 2011 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident. He won his first Pulitzer[2] in 1999, The Oregonian's first in 42 years, for explaining the Asian financial crisis by following a container of french fries from a Northwest farm to the Far East, in a series[3] that ended with riots presaging the Fall of Suharto.

Early life

Read was born in St Andrews, Scotland, to Katharine Read and Arthur Hinton Read,[4] a mountaineer and St. Andrews University mathematics professor who worked during World War II for the Government Code and Cypher School that cracked the codes in Germany's Enigma machine. He grew up in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He graduated in 1980 from Amherst College, where he edited The Amherst Student newspaper.


Read was press secretary in 1980 for the Ward Commission,[5] a Massachusetts crime commission that exposed widespread corruption and proposed reforms including campaign-finance legislation whose design he oversaw.[6] He moved to Portland in 1981 to become a reporter for The Oregonian.[7]

In 1986, Read was a Henry Luce Scholar in Bangkok, Thailand, working for a year as a reporter for The Nation, a Thai newspaper. In Bangkok, he played the bit part of an infantry colonel in the film, Good Morning, Vietnam. Read moved in 1987 to Japan, where he freelanced for The New York Times, The Christian Science Monitor, Euromoney and the Yomiuri Shimbun.

Read became the first foreign correspondent for a Pacific Northwest newspaper when he opened The Oregonian’s Asia Bureau in Tokyo in 1989. He served on the board of the Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan. He returned to America in 1994.

In 1996-1997, Read was a Nieman Foundation fellow at Harvard University. He was selected by the Eisenhower Fellowships for a month's reporting in Peru in 1998, interviewing President Alberto Fujimori.[8] He reported in North Korea in 1989 and 2007.[9] In fall 2013, Read and photographer Jamie Francis reported in Jordan and Lebanon on the plight of Syrian refugees.

Read left The Oregonian in 2016 after taking a buyout,[10] leaving words of advice to colleagues.[11]

In 2016, Read joined the public-interest investigative reporting team at NerdWallet,[12] a San Francisco company that helps consumers navigate personal finance. Team members investigated student-loan debt-relief companies, posting a Watch List of 150 businesses for borrowers to avoid. [13]


Read won the Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting in 1999[14] for a series that dramatized the global effects of the Asian financial crisis through the movement of a container of french fries from a Washington-state farm to a McDonald's restaurant in Singapore.[15] The series also received the Overseas Press Club award for best business reporting from abroad, the Scripps Howard Foundation award for business reporting and the Blethen award for enterprise reporting.[16][17]

In 2000 he received the Oregon governor’s award for achievement in international business, and in 1999 and 2002 he was named the state’s international citizen of the year. In 2003, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Willamette University.[18]

In 2001, he was one of four reporters on a team that, with editorial writers, won The Oregonian the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for chronicling abuses by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service.[19] The team also received the Bruce Baer award for investigative reporting, the Unity Media Award and the American Immigration Lawyers Association media leadership award.

In 2008, Read was a member of a team named as a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting for reports on a breakthrough in production of microprocessors.[20] He won first-place awards for reporting on social issues (2001,2005), business (1998, 2004, 2011), spot news (1997), education (1990) from the Pacific Northwest Society of Professional Journalists.[21] [22]

In 2011, he won first place for Best of the West business and financial reporting.[23] In 2012, he won first place for best feature story/personality from the Oregon Newspaper Publishers Association.[24] He served as a Pulitzer juror in 2016.

In 2018, Read received the National Press Club's Consumer Journalism Award for periodicals,[25] awarded to NerdWallet for his investigation of U.S. Agriculture Department failings in policing the $43 billion organic food industry.[26] A Costa Rican legislative committee held hearings on allegations reported by Read against USDA certifiers and a Costa Rican company accused of exporting "organic" pineapples grown with banned chemicals.[27]


Read is a frequent public speaker whose work has been cited in several books. Quoted in "Pulitzer's Gold: Behind the Prize for Public Service Journalism," by Roy J. Harris.[28] and cited in "Pulitzer's Gold: A Century of Public Service Journalism," by Roy J. Harris.[29] Approach as a foreign correspondent described in "Journalism's Roving Eye: A History of American Foreign Reporting," by John Maxwell Hamilton.[30] Role in transformation of foreign reporting described in "News From Abroad," by Donald R. Shanor.[31]

Approach as a narrative writer described in "Storycraft: The Complete Guide to Writing Narrative Nonfiction," by Jack R. Hart.[32] Reporting approach described in "A Writer's Coach: An Editor's Guide to Words That Work," by Jack R. Hart.[33] Style as a narrative storyteller described in "The Ethics of the Story: Using Narrative Techniques Responsibly in Journalism," by David Craig.[34] Role in explanatory journalism described by Lewis M. Simons in "Breach of Faith: A Crisis of Coverage in the Age of Corporate Newspapering," edited by Gene Roberts and Thomas Kunkel.[35]

Work for Massachusetts crime commission[36] described in "John William Ward: An American Idealist," by Kim Townsend.[37][38]

Other work

From 2007-2008, Read was president of the Board of Directors of The International School, a Portland full-immersion language elementary school, where he served as a trustee for six years.[39] He lives in Lake Oswego, Oregon.[40]


1957 births. Amherst College notable alumni. Nieman fellows. Harvard University people. Lake Oswego, Oregon, notable people. Scottish emigrants to the United States. The Oregonian people.


  1. ^ "LA Times hires Read to be its Seattle reporter".
  2. ^ "The 1999 Pulitzer Prize Winners".
  3. ^ "Welcome to Storyline".
  4. ^ "Arthur Hinton Read, 1922-1961".
  5. ^ "Massachusetts told of wide corruption".
  6. ^ Kim Townsend. John William Ward: An American Idealist. The Trustees of Amherst College. pp. 205-. ISBN 978-0-943184-17-3.
  7. ^ "Richard Read, The Oregonian". The Oregonian. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  8. ^ "Eisenhower Fellowships 10/2005". Eisenhower Fellowships.
  9. ^ "Still behind the iron curtain".
  10. ^ "Many of The Oregonian's top staffers have applied for buyouts".
  11. ^ "Departing Oregonian reporter: if you write a story to win an award, you won't get one".
  12. ^ "NerdWallet hires Pulitzer winner Read, among others".
  13. ^ "Don't Trust These Companies With Your Student Debt".
  14. ^ "AP garner 2 Pulitzer Prizes for pictures".
  15. ^ "The 1999 Pulitzer Prize Winners:Explanatory Reporting". Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  16. ^ "Foundation Announces National Journalism Awards Winners". Archived from the original on 2013-12-31.
  17. ^ "Times' Reporters land-swap series wins Blethen award".
  18. ^ "Willamette University Holds 145th Commencement". Willamette University. 2003-05-13. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
  19. ^ "The 2001 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Public Service". Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  20. ^ "The 1999 Pulitzer Prize Winners:Explanatory Reporting". Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  21. ^ "2005 Society of Professional Journalists Pacific Northwest Excellence in Journalism" (PDF).
  22. ^ "The Oregonian wins 12 first-place awards in regional competition".
  23. ^
  24. ^ "2012 Better Newspaper Contest :: Winning entry". Retrieved 2012-12-30.
  25. ^ "WSJ, Reuters and NerdWallet among National Press Club award winners".
  26. ^ "The 'Dirt' on Organic Food: You May be Paying for Fakes".
  27. ^ "Costa Rica: Government accused of ignoring organic pineapple issue: Conventional pineapples are being exported as organic products".
  28. ^ Roy J. Harris (1 January 2008). Pulitzer's Gold: Behind the Prize for Public Service Journalism. University of Missouri Press. pp. 447–. ISBN 978-0-8262-1768-4.
  29. ^ Roy J. Harris. Pulitzer's Gold: A Century of Public Service Journalism. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-17028-4.
  30. ^ John Maxwell Hamilton. Journalism's Roving Eye: A History of American Foreign Reporting. Louisiana State University Press. pp. 473-. ISBN 978-0-80713474-0.
  31. ^ Donald R. Shanor. News From Abroad. Columbia University Press. pp. 134-. ISBN 0-231-12240-3.
  32. ^ Jack R. Hart. Storycraft: The Complete Guide to Writing Narrative Nonfiction. University of Chicago Press. pp. 2, 4, 150, 173, 183, 192, 195, 199, 201, 243, 250, 251, 263-. ISBN 978-0-226-31814-1.
  33. ^ Jack R. Hart. A Writer's Coach: An Editor's Guide to Words That Work. Anchor. ISBN 1400078695.
  34. ^ David Craig. The Ethics of the Story: Using Narrative Techniques Responsibly in Journalism. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc. ISBN 978-0742537774.
  35. ^ Gene Roberts and Thomas Kunkel. Breach of Faith: A Crisis of Coverage in the Age of Corporate Newspapering. The University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1-55728-728-7.
  36. ^ "A usable past: In 1980, the Ward Commission exposed a culture of corruption and brought about far-reaching reforms".
  37. ^ Kim Townsend. John William Ward: An American Idealist. The Trustees of Amherst College. pp. 160, 205-. ISBN 978-0-943184-17-3.
  38. ^ "Unknowable man".
  39. ^ "The International School Fundraising Report, 2007" (PDF). The International School. June 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  40. ^ "Lake Oswego Corporation". Retrieved 2012-12-30.
1999 Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prizes for 1999 were announced on April 12, 1999.

Charles Read (squash player)

Charles Richard Read (1 March 1889 – date of death unknown) was a professional squash player from England, where professional squash began in 1907. Read was based at the Queen's Club in London, and beat C. Bannister of the Bath Club 15-5, 15-13 at the Bath Club to win the first English professional championship title. Read then defended his title as English champion three more times until 1928.

Read was born in Kensington, London to Alfred, a whitesmith, and Clara Read. When the British Open men's championship was instituted in 1930, Read was officially designated the first title holder, and thus played in the first final as the 'defending champion'. The 41-year-old Read, however, lost the inaugural final series, played in home and away legs, 6-9, 5-9, 5-9 and 3-9, 5-9, 3-9 in December 1930 to the 25-year-old challenger Don Butcher, a professional player from the Conservative Club in London.

Read was a versatile sportsman, having also been British professional champion at Lawn Tennis and Rackets.

Floating Point Systems

Floating Point Systems Inc. (FPS) was a Beaverton, Oregon vendor of attached array processors and minisupercomputers. The company was founded in 1970 by former Tektronix engineer Norm Winningstad, with partners Tom Prince, Frank Bouton and Robert Carter. Carter was a salesman for Data General Corp. who persuaded Bouton and Prince to leave Tektronix to start the new company. Winningstad was the fourth partner.

Geneva Conference (1976)

The Geneva Conference (28 October – 14 December 1976) took place in Geneva, Switzerland during the Rhodesian Bush War. Held under British mediation, its participants were the unrecognised government of Rhodesia, led by Ian Smith, and a number of rival Rhodesian black nationalist parties: the African National Council, led by Bishop Abel Muzorewa; the Front for the Liberation of Zimbabwe, led by James Chikerema; and a joint "Patriotic Front" made up of Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union and the Zimbabwe African People's Union led by Joshua Nkomo. The purpose of the conference was to attempt to agree on a new constitution for Rhodesia and in doing so find a way to end the Bush War raging between the government and the guerrillas commanded by Mugabe and Nkomo respectively.

The Geneva Conference had its origins in the South African "détente" policy instituted in late 1974, and more directly in the peace initiative headed by the United States Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, earlier in 1976. After the Kissinger plan was rejected by the nationalists, talks were organised in Geneva by Britain to try to salvage a deal. The proceedings began on 28 October 1976, eight days behind schedule, and were chaired by a British mediator, Ivor Richard, who offended both delegations before the conference even started. When Richard read an opening statement from British prime minister James Callaghan which referred to the country as "Zimbabwe", the nationalists were somewhat placated, while Smith's team was insulted yet further. Little progress was made during the two sides' discussions, causing the conference to be indefinitely adjourned on 14 December 1976. It was never reconvened.

Justin Read

Justin Richard Read (born May 1961) is an English businessman particularly associated with the financial management of construction and property-related companies.

Read studied modern history at the University of Oxford, graduating in 1983, and has an MBA from INSEAD (1990).

Read worked for businesses including Euro Disney, Bankers Trust and Hanson plc (during 13 years at Hanson he served as deputy FD, MD of Continental Europe, head of risk management and group treasurer), and has been a director of companies including:

Hanson plc (October 1993-May 2003)

Speedy Hire (finance director, April 2008-August 2011)

Segro plc (finance director, August 2011-December 2016)

Ibstock plc (non-executive director, appointed January 2017)

Grainger plc (non-executive director, appointed February 2017)On December 2017 he was appointed as a non-executive director to succeed one-time Hanson colleague Andrew Dougal as chair of the audit committee of Carillion, six weeks before it went into liquidation.

Lake Oswego, Oregon

Lake Oswego is a city in the State of Oregon, primarily in Clackamas County with small portions extending into neighboring Multnomah and Washington counties. Located about 8 miles (13 km) south of Portland and surrounding the 405-acre (164 ha) Oswego Lake, the town was founded in 1847 and incorporated as Oswego in 1910. The city was the hub of Oregon's brief iron industry in the late 19th century and is today an affluent suburb of Portland. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 36,619, a 3.8% increase over the 2000 population of 35,278.

List of convicts transported to Australia

The following is a list of notable convicts transported to Australia. Penal transportation to Australia began with the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788 and ended in 1868. Overall, approximately 165,000 convicts were transported to Australia.

Manasquan, New Jersey

Manasquan is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,897, reflecting a decline of 413 (-6.5%) from the 6,310 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 941 (+17.5%) from the 5,369 counted in the 1990 Census.The borough's name is of Lenape origin, variously described as deriving from "Man-A-Squaw-Han" meaning "stream of the island of squaws", "an island with enclosure for squans", "island door" or "point" / "top". Manasquan, Maniquan, Mannisquan, Manasquam, Squan, and Squan Village are variations on the original pronunciation and spelling.

Manasquan was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on December 30, 1887, from portions of Wall Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day.New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Manasquan as its 22nd best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.

Norman Read

Norman Richard Read (13 August 1931 – 22 May 1994) was a New Zealand racewalker. Born in Portsmouth, England, Read emigrated to New Zealand in 1953. The self-proclaimed "Pommie-Kiwi" competed for New Zealand at the 1956 Olympics in the 50 km walk where he won the gold medal. For this achievement he was voted New Zealand’s Sportsman of the Year. Read also took part in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, finishing fifth in the 20 km walk and abandoning the 50 km race. He won a bronze medal in the 20 mile walk at the 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games in Kingston, Jamaica, which was his last international tournament.Read continued competing domestically for another 18 years, retiring at the age 52. He won 18 national titles, placing second thrice and third four times.On 29 August 1968 Read married Megan Ann Crafar in Whangarei; they had three daughters and a son. After moving to New Plymouth, he founded New Zealand’s first race walking club. At the 1992 Summer Olympics he became only the second New Zealand Olympic judge. He was awarded a diploma by the International Amateur Athletic Federation on its 75th anniversary in 1987, and in 1990 he was elected a foundation member of the New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame.Read died of a heart attack during a veteran's bike race in Pirongia.

Patrick Segrave

Patrick Segrave (died c.1610) was an Irish judge of the early seventeenth century who was removed from office for corruption.

He was born at Killegland, now Ashbourne, County Meath, son of Richard Segrave, Baron of the Court of Exchequer (Ireland) who was head of a prominent landowning family. Little is known of his mother. He married before 1589 Mary Dillon, daughter of Chief Justice Robert Dillon, who in the year 1589 sent him to London with gifts of hawks and horses for the Privy Council. On his father's death in 1598 Patrick took his place as a Baron of the Exchequer.

He was charged in 1602 with bribery and corruption, and stood trial before the Court of Castle Chamber, the Irish equivalent of Star Chamber. The Delahide family's lands at Dunshaughlin, County Meath had been forfeited to the Crown for treason. Segrave was accused of conspiring with Richard Read and David Russell to procure a jury to find the title (i.e. award the title) in favour of Read, and of receiving a large bribe in return; he was also charged with attempting to bribe Sir Richard Cooke, the Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland. Segrave was found guilty, removed from office, fined £1000 and imprisoned at the pleasure of the Crown.His disgrace was not permanent; in 1607 he was admitted to the King's Inns and became a member of its governing council. He attended meetings of the council until 1610, after which his name disappears from the records. The Patrick Segrave of Killeglan whose estates were forfeited for his part in the Irish Rebellion of 1641 was probably his son or grandson.

Richard Read Sr.

Richard Read Sr. (ca. 1765 - ca. 1829) was a British-born artist who was sent to Australia as a convict. He is known as Richard Read senior to differentiate him from another Richard Read, thought to be his son, who painted in Sydney at the same time.

Rick Reed

Rick Reed may refer to:

Rick Reed (umpire) (born 1950), umpire in Major League Baseball

Rick Reed (pitcher) (born 1964), former pitcher in Major League Baseball

Scott Sales

Scott Sales (born July 26, 1960) is an American politician of the Republican Party. He is a state senator in the Montana Senate and also serves as the president of that body. He previously served in the Montana House of Representatives, including a term as minority leader and as speaker of the House. Sales is from Douglas.

Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire

This is an incomplete list of Sheriffs of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire in England from 1154 until the abolition of the office in 1965.Exceptionally, the two counties shared a single sheriff. Sheriffs had a one-year term of office, being appointed at a meeting of the privy council generally held in February or March and holding office until the similar meeting in the next year. In 1648 it became the practice to rotate the office between inhabitants of Cambridgeshire proper, the Isle of Ely and Huntingdonshire. This was done in a three-year cycle, with an inhabitant of each area occupying the office in turn.

Note: the years shown are the date of commencement of the sheriff's year of office. For example, the high sheriff appointed in March 1892 "for the year 1892" held office until March 1893.

Tesla, Inc.

Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors, Inc.) is an American automotive and energy company based in Palo Alto, California. The company specializes in electric car manufacturing and, through its SolarCity subsidiary, solar panel manufacturing. It operates multiple production and assembly plants, notably Gigafactory 1 near Reno, Nevada, and its main vehicle manufacturing facility at Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. As of June 2018, Tesla sells the Model S, Model X and Model 3 vehicles, Powerwall and Powerpack batteries, solar panels, solar roof tiles, and some related products.

Tesla was founded in July 2003, by engineers Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, under the name Tesla Motors. The company's name was derived from engineer Nikola Tesla. In early Series A funding, Tesla Motors was joined by Elon Musk, J. B. Straubel and Ian Wright, all of whom are retroactively allowed to call themselves co-founders of the company. Musk, who formerly served as chairman and is the current chief executive officer, said that he envisioned Tesla Motors as a technology company and independent automaker, aimed at eventually offering electric cars at prices affordable to the average consumer. Tesla Motors shortened its name to Tesla in February 2017.

After 10 years in the market, Tesla ranked as the world's best selling plug-in passenger car manufacturer in 2018, both as a brand and by automotive group, with 245,240 units delivered and a market share of 12% of the plug-in segment sales. Tesla vehicle sales in the U.S. increased by 280% from 48,000 in 2017 to 182,400 in 2018, and globally were up by 138% from 2017.

Tesla US dealership disputes

Tesla, Inc. has faced dealership disputes in several U.S. states as a result of local laws. In the United States, direct manufacturer auto sales are prohibited in many states by franchise laws requiring that new cars be sold only by independent dealers. The electric car manufacturer Tesla maintains that in order to properly explain to their customers the advantages their cars have over traditional vehicles with an internal combustion engine, they cannot rely on third party dealerships to handle their sales.

The Oregonian

The Oregonian is a daily newspaper based in Portland, Oregon, United States, owned by Advance Publications. It is the oldest continuously published newspaper on the U.S. west coast, founded as a weekly by Thomas J. Dryer on December 4, 1850, and published daily since 1861. It is the largest newspaper in Oregon and the second largest in the Pacific Northwest by circulation. It is one of the few newspapers with a statewide focus in the United States. The Sunday edition is published under the title The Sunday Oregonian. The regular edition was published under the title The Morning Oregonian from 1861 until 1937.The Oregonian received the 2001 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service, the only gold medal annually awarded by the organization. The paper's staff or individual writers have received seven other Pulitzer Prizes, most recently the award for Editorial Writing in 2014.The Oregonian is home-delivered throughout Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas, and Yamhill counties in Oregon and Clark County, Washington four days a week (Wednesday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday); it is also home-delivered in parts of Marion and Columbia counties. Although some independent dealers do deliver the newspaper outside that area, in 2006 it ceased to be available in far eastern Oregon and the southern Oregon Coast and, starting in December 2008, "increasing newsprint and distribution costs" caused the paper to stop delivery to all areas south of Albany.

Thomas Benger

Sir Thomas Benger Master of the Revels (ca. 1520? – 1572) succeeded Sir Thomas Cawarden as Elizabeth I's Master of the Revels on 18 January 1560. He served until 1572 when it appears Sir Thomas Blagrave stepped in. Benger was considered to be an ineffectual master of the revels, purely on account that a charter for his successor hadn't been drawn up at his death. Benger had been a loyal member of the Princess Elizabeth's household at Hatfield during the several imprisonments she had suffered under her sister, Mary I.

On 5 June 1555 he had been examined by Secretary Bourne, the Master of the Rolls, Sir Francis Englefield, Sir Richard Read and Doctor Hughes, "upon such points as they shall gather out of their former confessions, touching their lewd & vain practises of calculating or conjuring, presently sent unto them with the said letters." In 1559, he was elected to Parliament for Lancaster.Benger produced forty-six plays and masques that dealt with the factional intrigues surrounding the Queen's marriage negotiations between 1560 and 1572. Only eleven of his plays were performed by adult acting troupes, notably the Grey's Inn Men, and it is thought to be his group of child actors to which William Shakespeare refers in Hamlet act ii, scene ii, 'an aery of children, little eyases that cry out on the top of question and are most tyrannically clapped for it: these are now the fashion; and so berattle the common stages that many wearing rapiers are afraid to goose quills and dare scarce come hither.'

Benger's use of boy actors from The Children of St. Pauls, realistic three-dimensional scenery, and stage effects, were to define the courtly entertainments of Elizabeth's reign and set the standard required from the noble lords the Queen visited on her regular summer progressions.

Benger found the financial burden of the office too much for his family to bear and he made a special plea to the Queen as ‘one of the last of the poor flock of Hatfield’ to pay off his debts when he died as 'the charges for making of masks cam never to so little a sum as they do this year.'Benger died in 1572, though his will was not finally proved until 1577.

Thomas Lord Cromwell

Thomas Lord Cromwell is an Elizabethan history play, depicting the life of Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, the minister of King Henry VIII of England.

The play was entered into the Stationers' Register on 11 August 1602 by William Cotton and was published in quarto later the same year by bookseller William Jones, for whom it was printed by Richard Read. The title page of Q1 specifies that the play was acted by The Lord Chamberlain's Men, and attributes the play to a "W. S." A second quarto (Q2) was printed in 1613 by Thomas Snodham. The Q2 title page repeats the data of Q1, though the Lord Chamberlain's Men are now the King's Men (the name change having occurred in 1603).

The "W. S." of the quartos was first identified as William Shakespeare when publisher Philip Chetwinde added the play to the second impression of his Shakespeare Third Folio in 1664. Modern scholars reject the Shakespearean attribution; speculation, relying on common initials, has shone on Wentworth Smith and William Sly as possible alternatives. Individual critics have also suggested Thomas Heywood and Michael Drayton as possible authors—suggestions unsupported by firm evidence.

Indeed, scholars have disagreed about almost every aspect of the play; it has been dated as early as 1582–3 and as late as 1599–1600. The play is primarily political commentary—or religious propaganda. Baldwin Maxwell argued that the play has a discontinuous nature: the first half, through Act III scene ii, is dramaturgically well-crafted, while the second half is disorganized and loosely put together. Maxwell interpreted this as indicating that the extant text was the telescoped condensation of a two-part original; alternatively, others have suggested that the play is a collaboration between two unequal partners, or a work that was left incomplete by its original creator and finished by another hand.

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