Ricadi

Ricadi (Ancient Greek: Ρηγάδιον, translit. Rigádion) is a small rural town, as well as a municipality, located along the Tyrrhenian coast, in the province of Vibo Valentia), in the Italian region of Calabria.

Ricadi
Comune di Ricadi
Sunset over Stromboli with Capo Vaticano on the right; photo from Grotticelle main beach at Ricadi.
Sunset over Stromboli with Capo Vaticano on the right; photo from Grotticelle main beach at Ricadi.
Coat of arms of Ricadi

Coat of arms
Location of Ricadi
Ricadi is located in Italy
Ricadi
Ricadi
Location of Ricadi in Italy
Ricadi is located in Calabria
Ricadi
Ricadi
Ricadi (Calabria)
Coordinates: 38°37′N 15°52′E / 38.617°N 15.867°ECoordinates: 38°37′N 15°52′E / 38.617°N 15.867°E
CountryItaly
RegionCalabria
ProvinceVibo Valentia (VV)
FrazioniBarbalàconi, Brivàdi, Capo Vaticano, Ciaramìti, Lampazòne, Orsigliàdi, Santa Domenica, Santa Maria, San Nicolò
Government
 • MayorExtraordinary Commission
Area
 • Total22 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation
285 m (935 ft)
Population
(30 June 2011)[1]
 • Total4,999
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ricadesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
89866, 89865
Dialing code0963
Patron saintSt. Zachary
Saint dayNovember 5
WebsiteOfficial website

Geography

Boundaries

The municipality of Ricadi is located between the gulfs of Lamezia Terme and Gioia Tauro. Capo Vaticano lies between these two gulfs. The Tyrrhenian Sea touches Ricadi to the west. The municipality has about 12 kilometres (7 mi) of coasts.

Winds

The following winds blow along the coast of Ricadi:

  • the Sirocco, a hot, dry wind originating in the Sahara desert (it blows from the South-East);
  • the Libeccio, a humid westerly wind which frequently makes the sea rough and may form violent westerly squalls.
  • the Mistral, a dry cold northerly wind which blows in winter.

History

The origins of Ricadi are unknown. According to legend, it was probably founded at the time of the Saracen invasions, during or after the 10th century. By this time, the Saracens had settled around Rombiolo. Ricadi appears to have been almost reduced to rubble by the earthquake which struck towards the end of the 18th century, it was also heavily damaged by the one which struck at the beginning of the 20th century. The place-name 'Ricade' or 'Rigade' appeared for the first time in the 16th and 17th centuries, and suggests a derivation from the surname 'Riga' or 'Rigà', which was quite surname in Calabria.

Over the centuries Ricadi has been populated by Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, and Normans: they built and blasted road and defensive infrastructures (roads, bridges, towers defending coasts and rivers). Many archaeological discoveries are still visible; others are well protected, being houses in the National Museum of Reggio Calabria.

For a time, Ricadi was ancillary to the town of Tropea. In 1799 the Ricadesi obtained their independence thanks to Championnet, a French general who conquered the Kingdom of Naples (which Ricadi was formerly part of).

Ricadi became a municipality of the Monteleone district (now Vibo Valentia), belonging to Calabria Ulteriore, because of a rule set in 1811.

Before becoming one of the main tourist detatinations of the lower Tyrrhennian Sea, Grotticelle was populated by people who lived on agriculture and fishing. By the mid '80s, this place became one of the main economic driving force of the overall economy of Ricadi. Thanks to tourism, over the past decades, incomes and living standards have increasingly improved for local inhabitants (according to some, the per capita income of the little town is one of the highest in Calabria).

Near Grotticelle hundreds of tourist structures have been built: these include camping-sites, tourist villages located near the sea, 2 to 5 star hotels, residences and farm holidays located in the hills.

Culture

"The Farming Museum", Museo d’Arte Contadina, opened to the public in May 1992. The collection, made up by near to 500 finds, shows variety rudimentary farming machinery, tools to process local crops such as flax and broom fibre, and terracotta ware. Housed by the ‘Giuseppe Berto’ Conference Centre, the collection is on permanent display.

Events

  • "Giuseppe Berto Literary Prize", Premio Letterario Giuseppe Berto. The writer Giuseppe Berto was born in Mogliano Veneto, but made Capo Vaticano his second home. The Prize is awarded every June, in Ricadi and Mogliano Veneto on alternative years. The 2003 edition marked a turning point, since the prize was divided into two separate categories: the historical one to be awarded to an emerging writer, and a new category focusing on foreign fiction. The latter prize is awarded to a living author whose work has been published in Italian.
  • "Capo Vaticano Sporting Prize", Premio Sportivo Capo Vaticano, every year in September. Established in 1987, the Capo Vaticano Sporting Prize has the objective of recognizing and promoting the educational value of football, as well as uniting all those who are fond of Calabria. It is awarded to Italian referees, footballers and journalists of regional and national renown.
  • "Red Onion Festival", La Sagra della Cipolla Rossa: every year on 13 August. The festival starts in the mid-afternoon with a variety of games are played in Piazza Marconi, the main square of the village:

The traditional ‘Pignata’ Tournament in which the contestants are blindfolded and, helped by bystanders, use a long wooden stick to break one or more pignatas, or terra-cotta pots, which are suspended from a string. Pignatas are sometimes filled with water. The ‘Bumbuleju’ Race is for women of all ages. Contestants … race from one end of the square to the other, carrying the terra-cotta pot on their heads without using their hands. Other games include the Egg Race, the Sack Race, the Mini-marathon, the Onion Race, the Cheese-rolling tournament; Typical onion-dish sampling starts at dinner time. At exactly midnight the ‘Camejuzzu i Focu’ dance is performed. The traditional fireworks display closes the festival.

  • "Ice-Cream Festival": each summer, in July.

Festivities

  • Religious Festivities are solemnized in honor of Saint Zaccaria (the Patron Saint - on 5 November); Saint Biagio (on 3 February), Saint Antonio from Padua (on 13 June); Saint Domenica (on 6 July); Virgin Mary of Graces (on 15 August).

Associations

  • "Friends of Giuseppe Berto" (the panel of judges for the literary prize)
  • "Noi di Ricadi" (people from Ricadi - editorial staff of Terra Nostra newspaper)

Economy

Agriculture

Cipolla Rossa di Tropea, famous red onions from Tropea, are grown all along the coast. They are then processed and shipped throughout Italy, northern Europe, and elsewhere. In addition, vegetables, citruses (oranges, lemons, bergamots) and ‘nduja, a salami made from seasoned pork and red hot pepper, are produced;

Fishing

Flatfish, tuna, bass, dentex, sea bream, conger, mullet, moray, polypus.

Tourism

The three bays of Grotticelle ("little caves") are the most famous and most evocative bathing places of the municipality of Ricadi, in Calabria and they are linked with Capo Vaticano (Cape Vatican). Smaller, more remote and evocative beaches can be reached from Grotticelle.

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ Demographics data from ISTAT

External links

Calabria

Calabria (Italian pronunciation: [kaˈlaːbrja]; Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.

The capital city of Calabria is Catanzaro. The Regional Council of Calabria is based at the Palazzo Campanella in the city of Reggio Calabria. The region is bordered to the north by the Basilicata Region, to the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea, and to the east by the Ionian Sea. The region covers 15,080 km2 (5,822 sq mi) and has a population of just under 2 million. The demonym of Calabria is calabrese in Italian and Calabrian in English.

In ancient times the name Calabria referred, not as in modern times to the toe, but to the heel tip of Italy, from Tarentum southwards, a region nowadays known as Salento.

Capo Vaticano

Capo Vaticano is a wide bathing place in the Municipality of Ricadi in Calabria, Italy. The 'Cape' is formed by a particular white-gray granite, which is examined worldwide for its geologic characteristics.

Capo Vaticano Lighthouse

Capo Vaticano Lighthouse (Italian: Faro di Capo Vaticano) is an active lighthouse located in Capo Vaticano, which is a Cape in the south western Calabria on the Tyrrhenian Sea.

Coast of the Gods

The Coast of the Gods, or La Costa degli Dei in the Italian language, is the name of a scenic section of the Tyrrhenian Sea coastline. It is located in the Province of Vibo Valentia, within Calabria of southwestern Italy.

The cities along the coast, north to south, are:

Pizzo Calabro

Vibo Valentia

Briatico

Zambrone

Parghelia

Tropea

Ricadi

Joppolo

Nicotera

Drapia

Drapia (Ancient Greek, Byzantine Greek: Τραπειανή, translit. Trapiané, Greek: Ydrapia) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 14 kilometres (9 mi) west of Vibo Valentia. As of December 31 2016, it had a population of 2,082 and an area of 21.5 square kilometres (8.3 sq mi).The municipality of Drapia contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Brattirò, Carìa, Gàsponi, and Sant'Angelo.

Drapia borders the following municipalities: Parghelia, Ricadi, Spilinga, Tropea, Zaccanopoli, Zungri.

List of beaches in Italy

This is a list of beaches in Italy.

List of communes of Calabria

The following is a list of communes in Calabria , Italy.

List of communes of the Province of Vibo Valentia

The following is a list of the 50 comuni of the Province of Vibo Valentia, Calabria, in Italy.

List of railway stations in Calabria

This is the list of the railway stations in Calabria owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, a branch of the Italian state company Ferrovie dello Stato.

Magliocco Dolce

Magliocco Dolce (also known as Marsigliana nera) is a red Italian wine grape variety that is grown mostly in the Calabria region of southern Italy. In agricultural census counts, plantings of Magliocco Dolce are often grouped with the related, but distinct, red grape variety Magliocco Canino. Throughout history, numerous red southern Italian wine grape varieties have been variously known under the synonyms of "Magliocco" or "Magliocchi", most notably Gaglioppo, but recent DNA analysis has shown those grapes to be unrelated to Magliocco Dolce or Magliocco Canino.

Mogliano Veneto

Mogliano Veneto (Mogian /mo'ʤan/ in Venetian language) is a town and comune in the province of Treviso, Veneto, northern Italy, located halfway between Mestre (Venice) and Treviso.

Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia

The Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia (National Museum of Magna Græcia), Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Reggio Calabria (National Archaeological Museum of Reggio Calabria) or Palazzo Piacentini is a museum in Reggio Calabria, southern Italy, housing an archaeological collection from sites in Magna Graecia.

Initially formed with a nucleus of material ceded from the city's Museo Civico in the 19th century, the Museo Archeologico Nazionale della Magna Grecia then grew via many discoveries in various excavation campaigns in the ancient city-states of Calabria, Basilicata and Sicily by the Soprintendenza Archeologica della Calabria right up to the present day, including the Riace bronzes. They are extremely important for studies of the 8th century BC, but also has several objects from the prehistoric and protohistoric periods which preceded it and the ancient Roman and Byzantine eras which followed. Today new finds in Calabria are no longer displayed and conserved in a single museum, but exhibited where they have been found, since the quantity of new discoveries has allowed smaller local museums to be set up for them (at Crotone, Locri, Roccelletta di Borgia, Sibari, Vibo Valentia and Lamezia Terme). These are taken together as the museo reggino.

Our Lady of Graces

Our Lady of Graces (Italian: Madonna delle Grazie or Nostra Signora delle Grazie) or St Mary of Graces (Italian: Santa Maria delle Grazie) is a devotion to the Virgin Mary in the Roman Catholic Church. Churches with this dedication often owe their foundation to thankfulness for graces received from the Virgin Mary, and are particularly numerous in Italy, India, Australia, United States, France and the Italian-speaking region of Switzerland.

Salerno–Reggio di Calabria railway

The Salerno–Reggio Calabria railway (known in Italian as the ferrovia Tirrenica Meridionale, literally "the Southern Tyrrhenian railway") is the most important north–south railway connection between Sicily, Calabria and the rest of the Italian peninsula. It forms the southern section of Corridor 1 of the European Union's Trans-European high-speed rail network, which connects Berlin and Palermo.Its southern part, between Rosarno and San Lucido is also used as an RFI freight route between the Port of Gioia Tauro and the Adriatic railway.

The line is characterised by a track mostly close to the coast and is used by all categories of trains coming from Naples, Rome and other northern cities headed for Calabria, Sicily and, on the initial section to Battipaglia, to Potenza. It also handles similar traffic in the opposite direction.

San Ferdinando

San Ferdinando (Calabrian: San Ferdinandu) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northeast of Reggio Calabria. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 4,487 and an area of 14.0 square kilometres (5.4 sq mi).The municipality of San Ferdinando contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Eranova and Villaggio Praia.

San Ferdinando borders the following municipalities: Gioia Tauro, Rosarno.

Spilinga

Spilinga is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) west of Vibo Valentia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,665 and an area of 18.7 square kilometres (7.2 sq mi).The municipality of Spilinga contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Panaìa and Monte Poro.

Spilinga borders the following municipalities: Drapia, Joppolo, Limbadi, Nicotera, Ricadi, Rombiolo, Zungri.

Tropea

Tropea (Italian pronunciation: [troˈpɛːa]; ancient Trapeia; Latin: Tropaea; Ancient Greek: Τράπεια, translit. Trápeia; Calabrian: Trupìa) is a municipality located within the province of Vibo Valentia, in Calabria, southern Italy.

The town is a famous bathing place, situated on a reef, in the Gulf of Saint Euphemia connected with the mainland by a narrow strip in the Tyrrhenian Sea, toward the south with respect to Vibo Valentia and northward with respect to Ricadi and Capo Vaticano.

Vibo Valentia

Vibo Valentia (Italian: [ˈviːbo vaˈlɛntsja] (listen); Monteleone before 1861; Monteleone di Calabria from 1861 to 1928; Calabrian: Vibbu Valenzia or Muntalaùni) is a city and comune (municipality) in the Calabria region of southern Italy, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the capital of the province of Vibo Valentia, and is an agricultural, commercial and tourist center (the most famous places nearby are Tropea, Ricadi and Pizzo). There are also several large manufacturing industries, including the tuna district of Maierato. Very important for the local economy is Vibo Marina's harbour.

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