Ribadavia

The town of Ribadavia (town pop. 3,365, municipality 5,540, area of municipality 20.2 km²) is located in the southwest of the province of Ourense, Autonomous Community of Galicia, Spain. The urban area lies on the right bank of the Miño (see Portuguese Minho) and the last course of the Avia. It is considered to be the capital of the comarca of the Ribeiro. Near highway N-120 (Ourense to Vigo) and the motorway called Autovia das Rias Baixas (A52), it is 25 km from the provincial capital and 80 km from Vigo.

The town was declared a Historical Artistic Site in 1947. Near the Campo da Feira, one can find the ruins of the castle of the Sarmientos, the Counts of Ribadavia, dating from the fifteenth century. It still preserves the interior, towers and the walls. Parts of the walls that surrounded the town are also still standing. Inside the old quarter (casco vello/Barrio Xudeu), one can visit the main square (Praza Maior) with interesting buildings like the sixteenth-century town hall. There are also buildings remaining from what was once a large Jewish quarter, including a synagogue.

All the economic life of the comarca of the Ribeiro has centered on, since the twelfth century, the vines first brought by the monks of Cluny who accompanied the first count of Galicia, Raymond of Burgundy. Today, the wine is commercialised as Denominación de Orixe Ribeiro. (Demarcated Origen Ribeiro)

Concello de Ribadavia
Official seal of Concello de Ribadavia

Seal
Situation of Ribadavia within Galicia
Situation of Ribadavia within Galicia
Concello de Ribadavia is located in Spain
Concello de Ribadavia
Concello de Ribadavia
Location in Spain
Coordinates: Coordinates: 42°17′N 8°08′W / 42.283°N 8.133°W
Country Spain
Autonomous community Galicia
Province Ourense
ComarcaO Ribeiro
Government
 • Alcalde (Mayor)Marcos Blanco Jorge
Area
 • Total25.2 km2 (9.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total5,028
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CET)
Websiteribadavia.es/

Bibliography

  • (in Spanish) Leopoldo Meruéndano Arias, Los Judíos de Ribadavia y orígen de las cuatro parroquias.
  • (in Spanish) Samuel Eiján, Historia de Ribadavia y sus alrededores.

References

  1. ^ "IGE. Táboas". www.ige.eu (in Galician). Retrieved 2017-10-11.
  2. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.

External links

Avia (river)

The Avia River is a tributary of the Miño River with a length of 36.70 kilometres (22.80 mi). It begins in the serra of the Suído at a height of 880 metres (2,890 ft) in the place called Fonte Avia (municipality of Avión). It follows an SO-NL direction after arriving to the artificial lake of Albarellos, between the municipalities of Leiro, Boborás and Avión. After the artificial lake it continues until Boborás, turning there in SL direction. It flows in Ribadavia. Its tributaries include the Maquiáns River, Viñao River, and Arenteiro River, and it runs past the communities of Boborás, Leiro, and Ribadavia.

Carballeda de Avia

Carballeda de Avia is a municipality in the Province of Ourense in the Galicia region of north-west Spain. It is located to the west of the province, 5.7 kilometres (3.5 mi) northwest of Ribadavia off the A-52 road. As of 2012 it had a population of 1487 people. It is a wine-producing area with about 3000 hectares dedicated to vineyards, some of which are at an altitude of 479 metres (1,572 ft). River valleys in the municipality include the Miño, Avia, Arnoia and Barbantiño.

Dulce of León

Dulce or Aldonza (born c. 1195) was the second daughter of Alfonso IX of León by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal. She was raised with her mother in Portugal after the annulment of her parents' marriage, along with her brother, Ferdinand, while her elder sister Sancha was raised at the court of their father in 1195.After the death of Sancha's brother (1214), Alfonso IX named his second son, also Ferdinand, his heir, bestowing on him the title infante (1216). In 1217, with the support of the aristocracy, Alfonso granted his daughters Sancha and Dulce the villages of Portela de San Juan, Burgo de Ribadavia and Allariz, to be ruled by them until their deaths, after which they would revert to the Crown. In that same year, Ferdinand's mother, Berengaria, inherited the crown of the Kingdom of Castile, but ceded it to her son, who was proclaimed king at Valladolid on 2 July. With his heir out of the kingdom and ruling in another place, Alfonso attempted to make his eldest daughters his joint heirs. In the Treaty of Boronal concluded with Portugal in 1219, Alfonso expressly states that if he should die, Portugal should respect the agreement with his daughters.On Alfonso's death on 24 September 1230, the people of León, who had pledged for Ferdinand in 1206, refused to recognise his daughters, and they in turn ceded their rights to his kingdom to their half-brother. She was thirty-five years of age at the time. This agreement, negotiated at Valencia de Don Juan by Berengaria, the queen mother, and Theresa, with Sancha and Dulce present, is known as the "pact of the mothers". The treaty was signed Benavente and in compensation Ferdinand promised a yearly stipend of 30,000 maravedíes to each of his half-sisters and the lordship of certain castles.

Galician People's Front

The Galician People's Front (Galician: Frente Popular Galega) is a Galician political organization with a socialist and independentist ideology.

Joaquín Cortizo

Joaquín Cortizo Rosendo (4 October 1932 – 4 January 2018) was a Spanish professional footballer who played as a defender.

List of Bienes de Interés Cultural in the Province of Ourense

This is an incomplete list of Bien de Interés Cultural landmarks in the Province of Ourense, Spain.

As Burgas

Monastery of San Salvador de Celanova

Monastery of Santa María de Oseira

Ourense Cathedral

Ponte Vella

Ribadavia

List of castros in Galicia

This is a list of castros in Galicia (Spain), ordered by provinces.

Manuel de los Cobos, 4th Marquis of Camarasa

Manuel de los Cobos, 4th Marquis of Camarasa, (circa 1606 - Sardinia, 21 June 1668),

His father was Diego de los Cobos y de Guzman, who was awarded the title of Duke of Sabiote on 10 October 1626.

Manuel de los Cobos was a Grandee of Spain, Viceroy of Valencia (1659–1663) and Viceroy of Sardinia (1665-1668), where he was assassinated on 21 June 1668. He was also 4th Marquis of Camarasa since 1645, 2nd Duke of Sabiote, 2nd Marquis of Estepa and 2nd Marquis of Laula, 10th Count of Ribadavia, 8th Count of Castrogeriz, 3rd Count of Villazopeque, 4th Count of Ricla and many other lesser titles.

His son and successor to the title of 5th Marquis of Camarasa was Baltasar de los Cobos y Portocarrero, a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece and Viceroy of Aragon, from his 2nd wife, Isabel de Portocarrero y de Luna, (1627–1694), daughter of Cristobal de Portocarrero, 3rd Count of Montijo.

Minho (river)

The Minho ( MEEN-yoo, Portuguese: [ˈmiɲu]) or Miño ( MEEN-yoh, Spanish: [ˈmiɲo], Galician: [ˈmiɲʊ]; Proto-Celtic: *Miniu) is the longest river in Galicia, sharing the border with Portugal, with a length of 340 kilometres (210 mi). By discharge, it is the fourth river of the Iberian peninsula, after the Douro, Ebro and Tagus.

The Minho waters vineyards and farmland, is used to produce hydroelectric power, and also delineates a section of the Spanish–Portuguese border. In ancient English maps, it appears as Minno.The source of the Minho lies north of Lugo in Galicia, in a place called Pedregal de Irimia. After about 73 kilometres (45 mi), the river passes just south of the walls of this old Roman city, discharging in average 42 m3/s, and flows south through canyons until the valley widens north of Ourense. The river has been harnessed in reservoirs from Portomarín to Frieira. Along its length, it has the following reservoirs: Belesar with 654 cubic hectometres (530,000 acre⋅ft), Peares with 182 cubic hectometres (148,000 acre⋅ft), Velle with 17 cubic hectometres (14,000 acre⋅ft), Castrelo with 60 cubic hectometres (49,000 acre⋅ft) and Frieira with 44 cubic hectometres (36,000 acre⋅ft).

About 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Ourense at Os Peares, the Minho, with a discharge of 102 m3/s, receives the waters of its main tributary, the Sil, with 184 m3/s. Passing Ourense, there is one major dam at Frieira near the town of Ribadavia, which is famous for its Ribeiro wine (called after the name of the region). There the Minho averages 316 m3/s of discharge. Later on, the river flows in a southwest direction until reaching the Portuguese border near Melgaço.

After 260 kilometres (160 mi) through Galicia, the Minho sets the border to Portugal for about other 80 kilometres (50 mi), mainly towards the west. The valley is a lush, green agricultural area where the land is used to produce corn, potatoes, cabbage, even kiwi fruit, or just grass, depending on the time of year, and everywhere edging the fields, rivers and gardens, wherever there is space, the vines which produce the light, slightly sparkling “Vinho Verde” and the Ribeiro wine, both peculiar to this area. The very best of these wines, Alvarinho in Portuguese or Albariño in Spanish and Galician, is produced in the area around Monção, Arbo and Melgaço.

Passing the medieval towns of Melgaço and Monção, the Minho divides the Spanish Tui and Portuguese Valença do Minho, towns that guarded an important bridge for road and rail. Both towns preserve fortifications and are national monuments. The Minho reaches the Atlantic between the Galician A Guarda and the Portuguese Caminha, with an average discharge of 420 m3/s.

O Ribeiro

O Ribeiro is a comarca in the Galician Province of Ourense. The overall population of this local region is 20,154 (2005).

Pedro Fajardo, 1st Marquis of los Vélez

Pedro Fajardo y Chacón, 1st Marquis of los Vélez, Grandee of Spain, (in full, Spanish: Don Pedro Fajardo y Chacón Manrique de Lara, primer marqués de los Vélez, tercer señor de Cartagena, señor de Mula, Molina, lhama, Lebrilla y Benitaglar, Adelantado mayor y capitán general del Reino de Murcia, alcaide de los Alcázares de las ciudades de Murcia, Lorca y marquesado de Villena, comendador de Caravaca y Comendador mayor de León), (unknown – 1542) was a Spanish military and nobleman. His seat was at the Castillo de Vélez-Blanco.

He was a son of don Juan Chacón and wife dona Luisa Fajardo y Manrique de Lara, 2nd Countess and Lady of Cartagena.

He was the 3rd Count and Lord of the City of Cartagena and the 7th Lord of Alhama, Mula, Lebrillo, Molina Seca, La Puebla, etc. He was Adelantado-Mayor and Captain-General of the Kingdom of Murcia, Commander of Caravaca and Thirteen (Trece) of the Order of Santiago, of the Council of the Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand V of Castile and Isabel I of Castile.

He was created 1st Marquess of los Vélez with a Coat of Arms of Fajardo on 12 September 1507 by Joanna of Castile and 1st Count of Gagliano. He was also made Grandee of Spain First Class recognized by Charles I of Spain in 1520.

He was humiliated when in 1520, the vocal citizens of Mula made him swear to respect the privileges that Ferdinand III of Castile gave to the village. In this way the dispute against the Marquess over the municipal government council began. The Marquess pre-empted the situation with the construction of his fortress to make his rule over the people of Mula assured.

He married firstly to dona Madalena Manrique de Lara y d'Acuña, daughter of the 2nd Counts of Paredes de Nava, and maternal granddaughter of the 1st Counts of Buendía, without issue. He married secondly to Dona Mencía de la Cueva, daughter of Don Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 2nd Duke of Alburquerque and wife Dona Francisca Alvarez de Toledo and had an only son Luis Ybáñez Fajardo de la Cueva. He married thirdly in 1520 dona Catalina de Silva, daughter of the 3rd Counts of Cifuentes (don Juan de Silva and Dona Catalina de Toledo, sister of the 2nd Count of Oropesa), of which matrimony was born Don Juan Fajardo, who married dona Catalina de Ávalos or Dávalos, parents of Don Gonzalo Fajardo y Dávalos, Mayor of the Palace-Major (Majordomo-Mayor) of Philip IV of Spain, Alcalde-Mayor of Murcia and Cartagena, Knight of Calatrava, Artillery General and 1st Marquess of San Leonardo by mercy of January 8, 1649; this one married dona Isabel Manrique de Mendoza, 7th Countess of Castrojeriz and ?th Countess of Villazopeque, Grandee of Spain (widow of the 9th Count of Ribadavia), and had an heiress daughter Dona Juana Fajardo Manrique de Mendoza, without issue from both her marriages with the 9th Marquess of Astorga and the 4th Marquess (formerly Lords) of Cerralbo with a Coat of Arms of Pacheco (later Grandees of Spain on 28 August 1780) and 1st Count of Villalobos (for the first borns of the House), don Juan Antonio Pacheco y Osorio, Captain-General of Catalonia.

Province of Ourense

Ourense is a province of northwestern Spain, in the southeastern part of the autonomous community of Galicia. It is bordered by the provinces of Pontevedra in the west, Lugo in the north, León and Zamora in the east, and by Portugal in the south. With an area of 7,278 square km it is the only landlocked province in Galicia. The provincial capital, Ourense, is the largest population centre, with the rest of the province being predominantly rural.

Ribeiro (DO)

Ribeiro is a Spanish Denominación de Origen (DO) (Denominación de Orixe in Galician) for wines located in the northwest of the province of Ourense (Galicia, Spain), in the valleys formed by the rivers Miño, Arnoia, Avia and Barbantiño. It has an area of 30 km² including 9 municipalities in their entirety and parts of four others.

Royal Palace of Valladolid

The Royal Palace of Valladolid was the official residence of the Kings of Spain during the period in which the Royal Court had its seat in Valladolid between 1601 and 1606, and a temporary residence of the Spanish Monarchs from Charles I to Isabella II, as well as of Napoleon during the War of the Independence. Currently is the headquarters of the 4th General Sub-inspection of the Army.

Sancha, heiress of León

Sancha of León (born 1191 or 1192) was the eldest child and daughter of Alfonso IX of León by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal. She was raised at the court of their father, but her younger sister Dulce and her brother Ferdinand were raised with their mother in Portugal after the annulment of their parents' marriage in 1195. Although in Castile it was customary for females to inherit, and Sancha's stepmother became queen, briefly, of Castile, in León female succession was barred, although her ancestor Urraca had been the first queen regnant of Western Europe.

After the death of Sancha's brother (1214), Alfonso IX named his second son, also Ferdinand, his heir, bestowing on him the title infante (1216). In 1217, with the support of the aristocracy, Alfonso granted his daughters Sancha and Dulce the villages of Portela de San Juan, Burgo de Ribadavia and Allariz, to be ruled by them until their deaths, after which they would revert to the Crown. In that same year, Ferdinand's mother, Berengaria, inherited the Kingdom of Castile, but ceded it to her son, who was proclaimed king at Valladolid on 2 July. With his heir out of the kingdom and ruling in another place, Alfonso attempted to make his eldest daughters his joint heirs. In the Treaty of Boronal concluded with Portugal in 1219, Alfonso expressly states that if he should die, Portugal should respect the agreement with his daughters.Alfonso also attempted to secure his eldest daughter's rights by marrying her to John of Brienne, the former King of Jerusalem, but his wife Berengaria blocked this action in order to advance her son. In the spring of 1224, John was on the Way of Saint James, passing through Alfonso's kingdom, when he decided to stop in Toledo in order to see his prospective bride. There the queen convinced him instead to marry her daughter, Berengaria, and on his return trip, at Burgos, he did, his wife and he being accompanied as far as Logroño by the king and former queen of Castile. After this fiasco, Alfonso declared Sancha and Dulce his heirs, but upon his death on 24 September 1230, the people of León, who had pledged for Ferdinand in 1206, refused to recognise his daughters, and they in turn ceded their rights to his kingdom to their half-brother. She was 38 years old at the time. This agreement, negotiated at Valencia de Don Juan by Berengaria and Theresa, with Sancha and Dulce present, is known as the "pact of the mothers". The treaty was signed Benavente and in compensation Ferdinand promised a yearly stipend of 30,000 maravedíes to each of his half-sisters and the lordship of certain castles.

Tomas de Lemos

Tomás de Lemos (Thomas) (Ribadavia, 1555 – Rome, 23 August 1629) was a Spanish Dominican theologian and controversialist.

Tomás de Santa María

Fr. Tomás de Santa María O.P. (also Tomás de Sancta Maria) (ca. 1510 – 1570) was a Spanish music theorist, organist and composer of the Renaissance. He was born in Madrid but the date is highly uncertain; he died in Ribadavia. Little is known about his life except that he joined the Dominican order of friars in 1536, he was employed as an organist in various locales in mid-century, and he published his major work, Arte de tañer fantasía, in Valladolid in 1565.

This book is a comprehensive work on keyboard technique of the time. Its principal aim is to teach how to improvise in a fugal style, but to get to that point, difficult to the most accomplished musicians of any age, he includes detailed treatments of the rudiments of music, the eight church modes, ornaments, touch, articulation, fingering, and counterpoint, including a categorization of four-note chords, rather similar to what Pietro Aron had written several decades before in Italy (which work he may have used as a source). The classification of chords is especially significant for this is the period in music history during which composers began to think in terms of harmonic progression as a generative mechanism rather than purely the happenstance of intersecting, independent melodic lines. Santa María's book also gives instruction for creating music using the paired imitation technique of Josquin des Prez, who he clearly held to be the master of the style.

Santa María's writings were influential both inside of Spain and throughout the rest of Europe, as can be seen by the numerous early Baroque music theorists (for example Dámaso Artufel and Pietro Cerone) who plagiarized him. The preface to the 1565 edition mentions that the influential clavichordist and organist Antonio de Cabezón (and his brother Juan de Cabezón) examined the treatise and approved it.

Visigothic art and architecture

The Visigoths entered Hispania (modern Spain and Portugal) in 415, and they rose to be the dominant people there until the Moorish invasion of 711 brought their kingdom to an end.

This period in Iberian art is dominated by their style. Visigothic art is generally considered in the English-speaking world to be a strain of Migration art, while the Portuguese and Spanish-speaking worlds generally classify it as Pre-Romanesque.

Branches of Visigothic art include their architecture, their crafts (especially jewellery), and even their script.

Ángela Rodicio

María Ángeles Rodríguez González (Ángela Rodicio) was born in San Cristóbal of Regodeigón (Ribadavia, Spain) in 1963. She is a Foreign Affairs reporter for the Spanish public Television (TVE) program Informe Semanal.

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