Rheinmetall AG is a European defence contractor. Rheinmetall has a presence in two corporate sectors (automotive and defence) with six divisions, and is headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany. In fiscal 2018, the company generated sales of €6.148 billion.
The Group's Automotive segment had sales in fiscal 2018 of €2.930 billion, while sales of its Defence segment for the same period came to €3.221 billion.
Rheinmetall AG is listed on the German MDAX; its shares are traded on all German stock exchanges.
|Traded as||FWB: RHM|
|Founded||April 13, 1889|
|Founder||Horder Bergwerks- und Huettenverein|
|Armin Papperger (CEO and chairman of the executive board) |
Ulrich Grillo (Chairman of the supervisory board)
|Products||Automotive parts, military vehicles, Autocannons, ATGMs, Anti-aircraft defence systems, artillery, mortars, tank guns, munitions, ammunition, fuze systems, electronics|
|Revenue||€6.148 billion (2018)|
|€492 million (2018)|
|€354 million (2018)|
|Total assets||€6.759 billion (end 2018)|
|Total equity||€2.172 billion (end 2018)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles (51 %)|
As Rheinische Metallwaaren- und Maschinenfabrik AG, the now Rheinmetall AG was founded in April 1889 in Düsseldorf by Heinrich Ehrhardt and his associates to take on a contract that Hörder Bergwerks- und Hüttenverein (a munitions company) could not fulfill. In 1901 Dreysesche Gewehrfabrik, Munitions- und Waffenfabrik was acquired.
After World War I, as a result of the limitations imposed upon Germany in the Treaty of Versailles, Rheinmetall produced non-military items including locomotives, steam ploughs and office equipment.
Military production recommenced in 1921, and in 1925, the Reich acquired a majority stake of the company. The railway locomotive manufacturer August Borsig GmbH was taken over in 1933; in 1936 the two merged to create Rheinmetall-Borsig AG. In 1938 the company headquarters moved from Düsseldorf to Berlin.
In 1956 a majority stake in Rheinmetall-Borsig AG was acquired by the Röchling Group. Borsig AG was sold to Salzgitter AG and the company name changed to Rheinmetall-Borsig AG to Rheinmetall Berlin AG. Defence-related production would also start again in 1956, the first product being the MG 42. In 1958 diversification into the mechanical engineering and electronics fields occurred and during 1979-1981 these non-defence sectors were thoroughly restructured. Carburetor manufacturer Pierburg GmbH was taken over in 1986 and the current Automotive sector was created.
Rheinmetall AG's Defence arm produces equipment and systems for government, security and military ground, air and naval forces. The defence arm was initially reorganised in 2012 when the then six divisions were restructured into three new divisions, Combat Systems, Electronic Solutions and Wheeled Vehicles. The three divisions were each headed by a member of the Executive Board of Rheinmetall Defence. Originally this was Armin Papperger representing the Combat Systems division. Representing the Electronic Solutions division was Bodo Garbe, while Pietro Borgo, then Managing Director of RMMV GmbH, represented the Wheeled Vehicles division. A more recent minor restructure resulted in the Weapons and Ammunition, Electronic Solutions and Vehicle Systems divisions, these now represented on the management board by Dr Alexander Sagel (Weapons And Ammunition), Susanne Wiegand (Electronic Solutions,) and Ben Hudson (Vehicle Systems). Armin Papperger is now Chairman of the Management Board Defence at Rheinmetall AG and CEO of Rheinmetall AG.
Though based in Germany, Rheinmetall Defence has a global presence. The Weapons and Ammunitions division has 13 subsidiaries, the Electronic Solutions division has 17 subsidiaries, and the Vehicle Systems division has five subsidiaries. Along with international subsidiaries - Rheinmetall Defence Australia Pty Ltd; Rheinmetall Defence UK Limited; Rheinmetall Eastern Markets GmbH and Rheinmetall Limited Liability Company, these 35 subsidiaries in the form of production plants and representative offices are spread throughout Germany and 21 other countries worldwide: Australia; Austria; Belgium; Canada; Italy; Malaysia; Mexico; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Poland; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; Singapore; Sweden; Switzerland; UAE; UK; USA.
Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH was formed in 2000 when the hitherto independently operating companies Henschel Wehrtechnik, KUKA Wehrtechnik and MaK System Gesellschaft GmbH were merged to form it.
In 2002 and as part of the process of focusing on defence, Rheinmetall sold the Eurometaal Holding N.V. subsidiary Intergas B.V., a furnace and boiler manufacturer. Eurometaal N.V. (Netherlands) was closed.
In 2003 Rheinmetall acquired the remaining shares of Oerlikon Contraves AG to becoming sole owner. STN Atlas Elektronik was divided into two parts, the land, air systems and simulation departments remaining part of the then Rheinmetall DeTec, with the naval systems unit and the production department transferred to BAE Systems, former co-owner of the company.
To complete the process of shedding non-core businesses, in 2004 the civil sector-oriented Heidel group (a manufacturer of machines and machine tools) as well as Nico Feuerwerk GmbH were divested. Also in 2004 Rheinmetall Defence Electronics GmbH, DIEHL Munitionssysteme GmbH and RAFAEL Ltd. signed an agreement to establish EuroSpike GmbH.
In 2007 Rheinmetall acquired a 51% percent majority holding in Chempro GmbH, an initial stake in ADS Gesellschaft für aktive Schutzsysteme mbH, and acquired Zaugg Elektronik AG of Switzerland.
Acquisitions during 2008 included the takeover of Dutch vehicle maker Stork PWV B.V., and 51% shares in the South African defence contractor Denel Munition (Pty) Ltd. and LDT Laser Display Technology GmbH.
In 2010 Rheinmetall AG and MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG joined forces to found Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles GmbH (RMMV), and Rheinmetall AG took over Norway's Simrad Optronics ASA. During 2011 Rheinmetall increased its stake in ADS Gesellschaft für aktive Schutzsysteme mbH to 74%, and its share in Verseidag Ballistic Protection GmbH from 51% to 100%. The company is renamed Rheinmetall Verseidag Ballistic Protection GmbH.
In 2012 Rheinmetall and General Dynamics established Defense Munitions International, a 50/50 joint venture for marketing 120mm tank ammunition in the United States.
In 2013 Rheinmetall and Ferrostaal GmbH joined forces to found Rheinmetall International Engineering AG, the joint venture planning and constructing turnkey factories, serving as general contractor or subcontractor.
In January 2019 Rheinmetall announced that subject to government approvals the company would buy a 55% share of UK-based BAE Systems' land business for £28.6 m. The joint venture (JV) would be called Rheinmetall BAE Systems Land (RBSL) and be headquartered at BAE's existing facility in Telford, Shropshire. If successful, the JV will have a positive effect on the UK’s Mechanised Infantry Vehicle (MIV) procurement, which could result in contracts for at least 500 Boxer vehicles to equip the UK’s future strike brigades. BAE Systems and Rheinmetall are currently competitors in the UK’s Challenger 2 Life Extension Project (LEP), but according to BAE Systems the competition between the companies will continue, an agreement with Rheinmetall ensuring that the solution will be delivered from Telford regardless of the contract winner.
These would include the Boxer wheeled armoured fighting vehicle, the Lynx tracked armoured fighting vehicle, the TPz Fuchs and the RMMV HX range of trucks. Boxer is an eight-wheeled multirole armoured vehicle in the >35-tonne class. It is unique in that through swappable mission modules it can be reconfigured to perform a variety of roles. Lynx is a family of tracked armoured vehicles in the 30- to 44-tonne class. The Lynx design concept separates the vehicle into two primary parts, the basic vehicle and specialist mission and role equipment. The Lynx was shown publicly for the first time in June 2016. The TPz (Transportpanzer) Fuchs ("Fox") is a six-wheeled armoured personnel carrier that first entered service in 1979. Current generation models remain in production and Rheinmetall is currently upgrading German Army vehicles to A8 standard. The HX family are a range of purpose-designed tactical military trucks, the first order for which was placed in 2004. The first HX2 range trucks were delivered in 2016. In total approaching 13,500 HX/HX2 range trucks have been ordered since 2004. Other products of interest would include the Survivor R, the AMPV and the TG-MIL range of militarized commercial trucks.
The Leopard 2 and M1 Abrams (M1A1 and M1A2) are fitted with Rheinmetall's L44 and L55 120 mm tank gun. The PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzer is armed with Rheinmetall's L52 155 mm main gun. A range of medium caliber cannons from 20 to 35 mm are manufactured, and these include the BK 27, the cannon used with the Skyshield system, and the cannons fitted to the Puma, Marder and Wiesel AWC. Remote control turrets and weapon stations are also offered. Rheinmetall manufactures ammunition for all of these and a variety of other guns/cannons and smaller infantry weapons, including non-company products. The company also has specialist test centres and laboratories, and also has plants for the dismantling and disposal of unserviceable or surplus ammunition.
These include a variety of CBRN reconnaissance systems, simulation and training systems, and C4I systems that cover reconnaissance and sensor systems (including thermal imagers), fire control units and TacNet, Rheinmetall’s command and weapon engagement system. Rheinmetall also supplies the Gladius Future Soldier - Extended System and Argus, both modular systems that reduce the burden on the foot soldier while enhancing overall capability. Unmanned ground and air vehicles are also available.
Legacy products of note of the now Rheinmetall include the QF 15 pounder, a field gun sold to Britain in 1900 and used by the British during World War I. During World War II the company manufactured the 8.8 cm Flak and anti-tank gun, the 7.5 cm Kwk 42 (L/70) tank gun used in the Panther tank, and the MK 108, a 30 mm gun used on Luftwaffe aircraft, primarily interceptors. The company also designed and built the Karl-Gerät self-propelled siege mortar used by Germany during World War II.
Rheinmetall Automotive AG (previously known as Kolbenschmidt Pierburg (KSPG)) is the management company of Rheinmetall AG's automotive technology branch. Rheinmetall Automotive AG was formed by the merging of Pierburg and Kolbenschmidt, these companies found in 1909 and 1910, respectively.
Rheinmetall Automotive is a globally operating maker of automotive components and the company plays a leading role in air supply, pollution reduction and pump technology, as well as the development, manufacture and sale of pistons, engine blocks and smooth bearings, including the supply of spare parts. Development of new products takes place in close cooperation with major automakers. The company has been organized into three autonomously operating divisions since May 2012: Hardparts, Mechatronics, and Motor Service.
The company's activities fall into seven business units, including Kolbenschmidt (which manufactures pistons); Large Pistons; Pierburg (components for air supply and pollution reduction); Pierburg Pump Technology (coolant, oil, recirculation and vacuum pumps); Plain Bearings (metal bearings and bearing elements as well as continuous casting elements); Aluminium Technology (engine blocks); and Motor Service (repair and maintenance sales for Rheinmetall Automotive).
The 10.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 42, commonly the LG 42, was a German recoilless gun manufactured by Rheinmetall and used during World War II.5 cm Granatwerfer 36
The 5 cm leichter Granatwerfer 36 (5 cm leGrW 36) was a light mortar used by Nazi Germany during World War II.Boxer (armoured fighting vehicle)
The Boxer is a multirole armoured fighting vehicle designed by an international consortium to accomplish a number of operations through the use of installable mission modules. The nations participating in the Boxer program have changed as the program has developed. The Boxer vehicle is produced by the ARTEC GmbH (armoured vehicle technology) industrial group, and the programme is being managed by OCCAR (Organisation for Joint Armament Cooperation). ARTEC GmbH is based in Munich; its parent companies are Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH and Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles GmbH (RMMV) on the German side, and Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles Nederland B.V. for the Netherlands. Overall, Rheinmetall has a 64% stake in the joint venture.
A distinctive and unique feature of the vehicle is its composition of a drive platform module and interchangeable mission modules which allow several configurations to meet different operational requirements.
Other names in use or previously used are GTK (gepanzertes Transport-Kraftfahrzeug; armoured transport vehicle) Boxer and MRAV (multirole armoured vehicle).Condor (APC)
The Condor is a 4×4 wheeled armoured personnel carrier originally designed by Thyssen-Henschel of Germany and manufactured by Henschel Wehrtechnik GmbH. The first prototype was completed in 1978. The Condor was designed as a successor to its UR-416 APC. The upgraded Condor 2 was first sold in 2004. Today, the Condor is considered a legacy product of Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles, part of Rheinmetall's Vehicle Systems Division. The nearest vehicle to the Condor in RMMV's current product range is the Survivor R.Denel
Denel SOC Ltd is a South African state-owned aerospace and military technology conglomerate established in 1992. It was created when the manufacturing subsidiaries of Armscor were split off in order for Armscor to become the procurement agency for South African Defence Force (SADF), now known as the South African National Defence Force (SANDF), and the manufacturing divisions were grouped together under Denel as divisions.Leichttraktor
The Leichttraktor (Vs.Kfz.31) was a German experimental tank designed during the Interwar Period.MG 17 machine gun
The MG 17 was a 7.92 mm machine gun produced by Rheinmetall-Borsig for use at fixed mountings in many World War II Luftwaffe aircraft, typically as forward-firing offensive armament. The MG 17 was based on the older MG 30 light machine gun, as was its defensive flexible-mount counterpart, the MG 15 machine gun.Mowag Duro
The DURO (Durable Robust) is a series of wheeled, multi-purpose military transport vehicles produced by General Dynamics European Land Systems in both four and six wheel drive. It was initially developed for Switzerland by Bucher-Guyer AG in Niederweningen, Switzerland. An initial 3000 vehicles order for the Swiss Armed Forces came through in 1994. In January 2003 the production was transferred to MOWAG in Kreuzlingen. Over 4,000 DURO 4x4 and 6x6 vehicles are now in service worldwide. Main customers are Switzerland, Germany, Venezuela, and the UK. In addition to these, the vehicle is used in many other countries for special purposes.Rheinmetall Air Defence
Rheinmetall Air Defence AG is a division of German armament manufacturer Rheinmetall, created when the company's Oerlikon Contraves unit was renamed on 1 January 2009 and integrated with Rheinmetall's other air-defence products. Oerlikon Contraves was a Swiss anti-aircraft artillery manufacturer famous for its adaptation of the 1916 20 mm Becker as the Oerlikon 20 mm autocannon design, which was used in the Second World War and still in use today. Copies and derivatives of these designs were made by German, French, British and Japanese weapon manufacturers. Oerlikon Contraves was purchased by Rheinmetall, a German armament manufacturer, in 1999.As of January 2009, Rheinmetall Air Defence had around 1,050 employees at locations in Switzerland, Germany, Italy and Canada. The group's sales in 2008 were about 380,000,000 Euros.Rheinmetall Automotive
Rheinmetall Automotive (formerly KSPG and Kolbenschmidt Pierburg) is the Automotive sector of the parent group Rheinmetall. The company emerged in 1997 through the merger of KS Kolbenschmidt GmbH, Neckarsulm, and Pierburg GmbH, Neuss. Hence, at its various traditional locations the company is commonly known as Kolbenschmidt or Pierburg. 40 production plants in Europe, the Americas, Japan, India and China employ a total workforce of around 11,000. Products are developed in cooperation with international auto manufacturers. Rheinmetall Automotive ranks among the 100 biggest auto industry suppliers worldwide and is an important partner to the industry for such products as exhaust gas recirculation systems, secondary-air systems, coolant pumps, and pistons for car gasoline engines and as well as for the commercial vehicle sector.Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles
Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles GmbH, or RMMV, is a joint venture company between German companies MAN Truck & Bus AG and Rheinmetall AG. RMMV is part of Rheinmetall's Vehicle Systems Division. Rheinmetall AG holds a 51% stake in RMMV, with the remaining 49% held by MAN Truck & Bus. RMMV is a provider to security and armed forces of a wide range of armoured and unarmoured transport, command and role-specific wheeled vehicles.Rheinmetall MG 3
The MG 3 is a German general-purpose machine gun chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge. The weapon's design is derived from the World War II era MG 42 universal machine gun that fired the 7.92×57mm Mauser round.The MG 3 was standardized in the late 1950s and adopted into service with the newly formed Bundeswehr, where it continues to serve to this day as a squad support weapon and a vehicle-mounted machine gun. The weapon and its derivatives have also been acquired by the armed forces of over 30 countries. Production rights to the machine gun were purchased by Italy (MG 42/59), Spain, Pakistan (MG 1A3), Greece, Iran, Sudan and Turkey.Rheinmetall MG 60
The Rheinmetall MG60 is a general purpose machine gun of West German origin. The weapon is a post-World War II derivative of the MG45. The weapon is lighter in weight and has a high rate of fire and has an unusual trigger guard.Rheinmetall Mk 20 Rh-202
The Rheinmetall Mk 20 RH-202 (short for MaschinenKanone 20 mm Rheinmetall) is a 20 mm caliber autocannon designed and produced by Rheinmetall. It fires the 20×139mm ammunition originally developed for the Hispano-Suiza HS.820.
The cannon is used on German military vehicles including the Marder infantry fighting vehicle, the Spähpanzer Luchs and some variants of the Wiesel AWC. It is also used in the Argentinian VCTP, an IFV based on the TAM chassis. A towed twin mount antiaircraft version was also produced; it was used by Argentina in the Falklands War.
German naval ships also employed Rh 202 mounts (usually two on frigates and destroyers, four on larger replenishment ships), but they have been or are currently being replaced with the new Mauser (now a subsidiary of Rheinmetall) MLG 27 remote-controlled guns of 27 mm calibre.
A version modified to fire the U.S. M50 series of 20×102mm ammunition loaded into the M14 link belt has been offered to no avail for the U.S. Government by Maremont Corporation, of Saco, Maine, licensed by Rheinmetall under marketing arrangement.Rheinmetall Oerlikon Millennium Gun
The Rheinmetall Oerlikon Millennium Gun or Rheinmetall GDM-008 is a close-in weapon system designed by Rheinmetall Air Defence AG (formerly known as Oerlikon Contraves) for mounting on ships. It is based on the 35/1000 revolver gun land based air defense system, and uses AHEAD ammunition.Rheinmetall Rh-120
The Rheinmetall Rh-120 is a 120 mm smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AG company, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. The 120-millimeter (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 meters (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb).
By 1990, the L/44 was not considered powerful enough to deal with future Soviet armour, which stimulated an effort by Rheinmetall to develop a better main armament. This first involved a 140-millimeter (5.5 in) tank gun named Neue Panzerkanone 140 ("new tank gun 140"), but later turned into a compromise which led to the development of an advanced 120 mm gun, the L/55, based on the same internal geometry as the L/44 and installed in the same breech and mount. The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. As the L/55 retains the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same ammunition as the L/44.
This gun was retrofitted into German and Dutch Leopard 2s, and chosen as the main gun of the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL. It was tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30 120 mm cannon.
A variety of ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall's original L/44 design. This includes a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the American M829 series, and high explosive anti-tank warheads. Recent ammunition includes a range of anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions. The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missile which has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile.TM-170
The TM-170 is an armored personnel carrier was announced for the first time in 1978 and entered production in 1979. It was originally designed primarily for use as an APC or an internal security vehicle, but could be adapted for a wide range of other roles.The TM 170 was originally developed by Thyssen Henschel which subsequently became part of Rheinmetall Landsysteme. Today, the TM-170 is considered a legacy product of Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles, part of Rheinmetall's Vehicle Systems Division.
The equivalent vehicle in the current RMMV portfolio is the Survivor R.TPz Fuchs
The TPz (Transportpanzer) Fuchs ("Fox") is an armoured personnel carrier originally developed by Daimler-Benz but manufactured and further developed by the now Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles (RMMV). Fuchs was the second wheeled armoured vehicle to enter service with the Bundeswehr (West German Military) and it can be used for tasks including troop transport, engineer transport, bomb disposal, Nuclear, Biological and Chemical reconnaissance and electronic warfare. RMMV and its predecessors manufactured 1,236 Fuchs 1, mostly for the German Army.
Further development of the design resulted in the Fuchs 2, first shown in 2001. The enhanced Fuchs 2 is currently in production, known customers include Algerian Army, Kuwait Army and the United Arab Emirates Army (UAE).Wisent (vehicle)
The Wisent is an 8x8 armoured logistics vehicle built by Rheinmetall. It is designed to be airliftable by the Airbus A400M.
It can be fitted with various modules, for cargo carrying, medical use, troop transport, and so on.The Wisent can also be fitted with various weapons, including an RCWS.