Rewari is a city and a municipal council in Rewari district in the Indian state of Haryana. It is located in south-west Haryana 82 km from Delhi  and 51 km from Gurgaon. Rewari may be considered centre of Ahirwal (Yadav) region.
Rewari Town Hall
Location in Haryana, India
|• Type||Mayor–council government|
|• Body||Rewari Municipal Council|
|• Total||24.93 km2 (9.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||245 m (804 ft)|
|• Density||5,740/km2 (14,900/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||English, Punjabi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
During the Mahabharata period in ancient India, a king named Rewat had a daughter named Rewati. The father used to call her Rewa, and founded a city "Rewa Wadi" named after her. Wadi and wada mean a neighbourhood (small and big, respectively) in Hindi and many other Indian languages. When Rewa married Balram, elder brother of Krishna, the king donated the city “Rewa-Wadi” to his daughter. In the course of time, the name Rewa-Wadi became Rewari.
According to the folklore Rewari was founded by the Ahir King Rewat, who had a daughter named Rewa (meaning star), when she was married to Balarama (brother of Lord Krishna), the King Rewat gave way the city of “Rewa Wadi” as gift, which in due time became known as Rewari.
Hem Chandra Vikramaditya was educated and brought up in what is now Rewari. Hem Chandra had developed a cannon foundry in Rewari, laying the foundation of a metalwork industry in brass, copper sheets. He had supplied cannons and gunpowder to Sher Shah Suri from 1535 onwards and was an adviser to the last ruler of Sur dynasty till 1553, Adil Shah Suri, when he became Prime Minister and Chief of Army. Hem Chandra had won 22 battles from Punjab to Delhi during 1553-56. He defeated Mughal king Akbar's forces at Agra and Delhi. Hem Chandra was coronated as a Vikramaditya king at Purana Quila in Delhi on 7 October 1556, reigned as king of Delhi for one month but lost to Akbar on 5 November 1556 at Panipat where he died. His haveli (house) still stands in the Qutubpur area of the city, which in his day was a village in its own right. His two-story haveli, with carved sandstone doorway, is made of local stone from Aravalli range, brunt-mud lakhori bricks and lime mortar. Walls are plastered with lime and painted with limewash. Roof has lakhouri bricks and stone slabs rested on timer beams. Doors and niches have stone lintels or brick arches in the local regional architecture. Over-hanging roof chhajja has stone brackets to anchor the stones.
Akbar made Rewari a sarkar under Delhi Suba. Aurangzeb attacked and recovered it from the rebels. Mughhals granted the local rule to Nand Ram, Ahir leader of Bolni village in 17th century which lasted up to 19th century. A small Ahir principality was established there in the early century and ruled over the surrounding Ahirwal area.
Rewari came under the control of Maratha Empire in 19th century before passing on to East India Company and later British Raj. Rao Tula Ram, the ruler of Rewari, played a significant role in India's First War of Independence in 1857. His estate was confiscated by the British Raj and made a part of Gurgaon district of Punjab province.
Rewari is well known for the high proportion of soldiers and officers it contributes to the Indian army and other armed forces of India. Rezang La near Chushul in Ladakh was the site of the last stand of C Company of the 13 Kumaon battalion, during the Sino-Indian War on 18 November 1962. The C Company was composed almost entirely of Ahirs and was led by Major Shaitan Singh, who won a posthumous Param Vir Chakra for his actions.
In this action 120 men of the C Company fought until their bullets finished and then fought hand-to-hand. Of the 120 men, 114 died and only six seriously injured men remained alive. Of these, five were captured POW and only one came down to inform others. A memorial was constructed in Rewari city for them.
The soul-stirring inscription on the War Memorial at Chushul, Ladakh raised by Indian Army in the memory of the fallen brave Ahirs in the Battle of Rezang La reads:
How can a man die better, Than facing fearful odds, For the ashes of his fathers, And temples of his gods.
Rewari is adjacent to Rajasthan and, therefore, has dust storms in summer. Rugged hilly terrain of Aravali ranges as well as sandy dunes in the district affect the city's climate. Rewari forms a part of the National Capital Region.
The mean minimum and maximum temperature range from 0 °C to 46 °C during January (winter) and May–June (summer) respectively. The summer temperature can go up to 46 °C from May to July. Winter is from November to February and the temperature can fall to 2 °C in December and January. The temperature was recorded as 0 °C on 12 January 2012 and 31 January 2012 and below zero (-0.5 °C) on 4 January 2018.
Rain falls from July to September. A little rain is experienced during winter also. Average annual rainfall in Rewari city is 553 millimetres (21.8 in). Rain-fed Sahibi River that originates in Rajasthan passes through Rewari and falls in Najafgarh lake in Delhi. Extremely heavy rains in 1978 flooded Sahibi (and Rewari) which in turn flooded Delhi. A barrage was then constructed at Masani village on junction of NH8 and NH71B to impound the water coming from Rajasthan. However, the barrage has hardly collected any water as the rains have not been heavy for the last 30 years and Rajasthan has built check-dams upstream on Sahibi. A canal has been constructed in 2009 to carry excess rain water to the barrage to recharge the ground drinking water for Rewari town. The canal takes off from the existing canal near the Kendriya Vidyalaya, Rewari.
As of 2011, Rewari city had a population of 143,021 (compared to 100,946 in 2001 and 75,342 in 1991) showing 42% growth in 2001-11 decade against 34% growth in 1991-2001 decade. Males were 75,764 (53% of the population) and females were 67,257 (47%). The overall sex ratio (female:male) was 886 compared to national average 940, and in the 0 to 6 year age group was 785 compared to national average 918. Rewari had an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 64.3% for entire population and 74.0% for population excluding 0 to 6 year age group in 2011. Male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 73% (compared to 79% and 67% respectively in 2001). In Rewari, 11.3% of the population is under six years of age.
Rewari was first connected by a railway line in 1873 when the first metre gauge railway track in India became operational. This track was laid between Delhi and Ajmer. The gauge was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in 1995 for one of the tracks. This allowed metre gauge trains from Rajasthan to continue up to Delhi Sarai Rohilla on the remaining track. The second track from Rewari to Delhi was converted to broad gauge in 2007 as all the metre gauge tracks from Rewari to cities in Rajasthan had been converted to broad gauge by then. Thus all the railway tracks from Rewari have been converted to broad gauge obviating the need for change of trains at gauge-change stations such as Delhi and Ahmedabad.
Rewari is a major junction on the Indian railway network and is connected to the major cities of India by direct trains. Six railway lines branch out from it to Delhi, Ajmer via Narnaul and Ringas, Ajmer via Alwar, Loharu, Hisar and Jhajjar-Rohtak. The latest sixth line to Jhajjar and Rohtak was constructed in 2008-12 and commissioned in January 2013. A seventh line was planned from Khori near Rewari to Asaoti near Palwal for facilitating carriage of goods on Western Dedicated Freight Corridor but the plan was abandoned as the farmers resisted acquisition of their land. This dedicated freight railway line is now being laid from Alwar to Asaoti near Palwal.
Rewari railway station has electrified tracks as the Alwar-Rewari-Hisar and Rewari-Narnaul-Ringas-Phulera railway tracks have been electrified. Rewari-Delhi railway track has been almost electrified. These tracks have a high catenary with 7.45 m high OHE for double-stack containers. The electrical locomotives on these tracks will have a special pantograph for the high catenary. Electric trains (EMU) may run between Delhi and Rewari in 2019 after the track has been electrified.
The alignment of a new railway line of Rapid Regional Transit System (RRTS) from existing Nizamuddin station in New Delhi to Gurgaon-Manesar-Dharuhera-Rewari-Bawal-Shahjanpur-Alwar has been finalised. It will have a railway station east of Rewari at village Majra Gurdas.
Rewari is connected by four national highways: NH 11 (starting from Delhi-Jaipur NH 48 and going to Narnaul-Jhunjhunu-Bikaner), NH 48 (former name NH 8 before renumbering of all national highways) (Delhi-Jaipur-Bombay-Pune-Bangalore), NH 352 (former name NH 71) (Narwana-Jind-Rohtak-Jhajjar-Rewari) and NH 919 (former name NH 71B) (Rewari-Dharuhera-Sohna-Palwal). While NH 48 has existed for five decades, NH 919 was a state highway declared NH a decade ago, NH 352 was newly constructed in 2011-13 and NH 11 was declared to start from Rewari only three years ago. A new bypass on NH 11 from east of Rewari city (starting at NH 48) to west of Rewari city (at Khori railway station) is being constructed to bypass the city.
State highways connect Rewari to all major towns in Haryana and adjacent districts of Rajasthan.
There are frequent bus services between Rewari and Delhi, as well as other towns of Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan.
Rewari Heritage Steam Locomotive Museum is the only surviving steam loco shed in India and houses some of India's last surviving steam locomotives. Built in 1893, it was the only loco shed in North India for a long time and a part of the track connecting Delhi with Peshawar. After steam engines were phased out by 1990, the loco shed remained in neglect for many years before it was decided by Indian Railways in December 2002 to revive it as a heritage museum. The shed was refurbished as a heritage tourism destination, its heritage edifice was restored and a museum exhibiting Victorian-era artefacts used on the Indian rail network, along with the old signalling system, gramophones and seats was added. The refurbished heritage museum was opened in October 2010. The engines are also available for live demonstrations.
Rewari has one university, ten degree colleges, two B.Ed. colleges, 110 secondary / higher secondary schools, one industrial training institute and one footwear training institute. Government Higher Secondary School was started in the year 1887. Hindu High School was started by the Bhargava community in 1890 in the building now known as Bhargava Boarding House located near Bhadawas Gate. The nearest college was in the nearby princely state of Alwar until independence. Ahir College was set up in 1945 by Rao Balbir Singh, a descendant of Rao Tularam. Kishanlal Public College is another educational institute. Shishu Shala was the first English school, established in 1950 in Model Town.
A Kendriya Vidyalaya (Central School) has existed in Rewari city since 1980. A Sainik School was started in 2008, temporarily housed in Rewari city awaiting completion of construction of its permanent campus at village Gothra Tappa Khori, about 15 km southwest Rewari-Narnaul Road.
The Meerpur centre of Rohtak University was upgraded to a separate university in September
Several private colleges have been set up around Rewari in the last decade to teach engineering, management, law, and nursing though the quality of education in some of them is low as in the rest of the country.
Rewari city has a civil hospital run by the civil administration. It has fifty beds and the capacity has been planned to increase to one hundred beds. It also has a trauma centre for attending to accidents on highways. Indian Railways has a hospital with 20 beds near Rewari railway station. Rewari City has ESI DISPENSARY provided by the government for medical services and treatment. Apart from government hospitals, Rewari also has a number of private hospitals and nursing homes like Kalawati and Maharaja.
Rewari has a variety of industries, from cottage industries to small-scale integrated units and automobiles and auto ancillary industries. The traditional industries are brass metalwork and ornamental shoes (Tilledar Jooti) Rewari has kept the traditional art of Tilledar Jooti alive and is famous for such ornamental local shoes. Various automobiles and auto ancillary industries in Dharuhera and Bawal industrial areas such as Harley Davison (assembling unit), Hero Moto Corp. United Breweries and many more. World's largest production of motor cycles is in Hero Moto Corp. Dharuhera plant
Rewari is famous for its traditional metalwork, particularly brass work. The brass industry began around 1535, with the help of Portuguese. During the time of Hemu, cannons were cast in Rewari for the army of Sher Shah Suri.
Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project is a mega infra-structural project of USD 90 billion with the financial and technical aids from Japan, covering an overall length of 1,483 km between the political capital and the business capital of India, i.e., Delhi and Mumbai. It will initially link Rewari to Mumbai. Furtherance of the project led to violent incidents in July 2012 when farmers protested against the land acquisition process. In consequence, the government of Haryana instituted a judicial probe into the events and placed a moratorium on the process.
Baba Thakur is a temple dedicated to Lord Krishna in Karoli village of Kosli tehsil of Rewari district in Haryana state of India. "Thakur" is another name of Lord Krishna. There is a belief that this temple was founded by the people ("kakash" gotra) about 150 years earlier than the village was established. But this belief may not be entirely correct as there is exact proof for when the temple was established.Bathinda–Rewari line
The Bathinda–Rewari line is a railway line connecting Bathinda in the Indian state of the Punjab and Rewari in Haryana. There are links to Sadulpur and Rohtak also. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.Bawal
Bawal is a city in India in the state of Haryana, India. Bawal lies in the National Capital Region (NCR) of India. It is located on national highway NH 48 (formerly called NH 8), about 14 km from Rewari city, 60 km from Gurgaon and 100 km from Delhi railway station. Bawal Tehsil is a part of the Rewari district. It was one of the three districts of the erstwhile Nabha State under British Raj.Birender Singh (politician, born 1921)
Rao Birender Singh (20 February 1921 – 30 September 2009) was an Indian politician. He served first as a minister in the state government of Punjab. He served as Chief Minister of Haryana for a few months (March to November) in 1967, and also served as a minister in Punjab state, Haryana state and the Union cabinet. He also served as the first speaker of Haryana state assembly in 1966-67.Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary
Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Rewari district of Haryana State, India. It is 36.9 km from Rewari. It is spread over an area of 211.35 hectares. It is 5 km away from Kosli on the Kosli-Mahendragarh road.It is named Nahar because it comes under Nahar Village (Nahad village). Forests Department, Haryana of Government of Haryana officially notified this as Wildlife Sanctuary on 30 January 1987.National Highway 11 (India)
National Highway 11 or NH 11 is a National Highway in India that links Jaisalmer (Rajasthan) and Rewari (Haryana). This 691 km-long highway passes through Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Ratangarh, Fatehpur, Jhunjhunu, Narnaul and Rewari. Most of 691 km length of National Highway 11 is in the state of Rajasthan and the remaining length is in Haryana.National Highway 352 (India)
National Highway 352 (NH 352) is a National Highway in India.It connects Narwana in Haryana to Jind, Rohtak, Jhajjar and Rewari, all of them in Haryana. Its southern end terminates on NH 48 (Delhi-Jaipur highway) near Sangwadi village between Dharuhera and Bawal bypassing Rewari city. Its northern end terminates on NH 52 at Narwana.
Its former number was NH 71 before all the national highways were renumbered in the year 2010.Rewari district
Rewari district is one of the 22 districts in the state of Haryana, India. It was carved out of Gurgaon district by the Government of Haryana on 1 November 1989. It is also part of the National Capital Region. The administrative headquarter of the district is the city of Rewari, which is also the biggest city in the district. In medieval times, it was an important market town. It is located in southern Haryana. As of 2011, it is the second least populous district of Haryana after Panchkula.Rewari–Rohtak line
The Rewari–Rohtak line is a railway line that connects Rewari and Rohtak in the Indian state of Haryana. Train services on this line started on 8 January 2013.
Villages of Rewari District
|Jatusana Block of Rewari|
|Nahar Block of Rewari|
|Rewari Block of Rewari District|
|Khol Block of Rewari|
|Bawal Block of Rewari|
|Districts and divisions|