Revolutionary Union (Peru)
Revolutionary Union (Spanish: Unión Revolucionaria, UR) was a fascist political party in Peru that lasted from 1931 to 1942. It was founded in 1931 by Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro and became the governing party that same year. It took part in elections in 1931 and 1945. In 1933 the leadership was taken over by Luis A. Flores who sought to mobilize mass support for the group's nationalism in a manner akin to fascism. He even started a Blackshirts paramilitary arm as a copy of the Italian group. The Union lost heavily in the 1942 elections and faded into obscurity.
List of fascist movements by country N–T
- ^ Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism, 2001, p. 343
A list of political parties, organizations, and movements adhering to various forms of fascist ideology, part of the list of fascist movements by country. Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro (August 12, 1889 – April 30, 1933) was a high-ranking Peruvian army officer who served as the 48th President of Peru, from 1931 to 1933 as well as Interim President of Peru, officially as the President of the Provisional Government Junta, from 1930 to 1931. On August 22, 1930, as a lieutenant-colonel, he overturned the eleven-year dictatorship of Augusto B. Leguía after a coup d'état in Arequipa.
Following Leguía's resignation, Manuel Ponce was interim president until Sánchez was chosen on August 27. The new president flew to Lima and himself served as provisional president until the military with whom he had effected the coup forced him into exile after six months in office. Raúl Ferrero Rebagliati
Raúl Ferrero Rebagliati (born 20 September 1911 in Barranco, Lima - died 22 April 1977 in Lima) was a Peruvian politician who served as 105th Prime Minister of Peru for six months in 1967 and 1968, and was later Peru's Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The son of Alfredo and Amelia (Rebagliati) Ferrero, he was the fourth child of six children. In 1937, he married Yolanda Costa, the daughter of Carlo and Livia (Elice) Costa - they had 4 children: Yolanda, Raúl Enrique, Augusto and María Elena Ferrero.As an academic and lawyer, Rebagliati served as Dean of the Faculty of Law at the Catholic University of Peru, Dean of Colegio de Abogados de Lima, and as a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration of la Haya.Politically, Ferrero was an early member of the Unión Revolucionaria which had initially been founded by Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro in 1931 as the state party of his dictatorship. However following the assassination of Sánchez in 1933, the group came under the leadership of Luis A. Flores who sought to mobilize mass support and even set up a Blackshirt movement in imitation of the Italian model. A heavy defeat in the 1936 elections shook confidence however and the movement faded. Ferrero later joined the Christian Democrat Party.
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