Reprise Records

Reprise Records is an American record label founded in 1960 by Frank Sinatra. It is owned by Warner Music Group, and operates through Warner Bros. Records, one of its flagship labels.[1]

Artists currently signed to Reprise Records include Enya, Michael Bublé, Eric Clapton, Green Day, Stevie Nicks, Neil Young, Deftones, Mastodon, Josh Groban, Disturbed, Idina Menzel, Gerard Way, Dwight Yoakam, and Never Shout Never.

Reprise Records
Reprise Records
Parent companyWarner Music Group
Founded1960
FounderFrank Sinatra
StatusActive
Distributor(s)
GenreVarious
Country of originUnited States
Official websitewarnerbrosrecords.com

Company history

Beginnings

Reprise Label Tricolor Kinks
"Tricolor" label, used by Reprise until 1968. (Label to the Kinks' Something Else.)

Reprise Records was formed in 1960[2] by Frank Sinatra in order to allow more artistic freedom for his own recordings. Soon thereafter, he garnered the nickname "The Chairman of the Board".[3] Because of dissatisfaction with Capitol/EMI, and after trying to buy Norman Granz's Verve Records,[4] the first album Sinatra released on Reprise was Ring-a-Ding-Ding! As CEO of Reprise, Sinatra recruited several artists for the fledgling label, such as fellow Rat Pack members Dean Martin and Sammy Davis, Jr. The original roster from 1961 to 1963 included Bing Crosby, Jo Stafford, Rosemary Clooney, Nancy Sinatra, Esquivel and stand-up comedian Redd Foxx. The original Reprise LP label had four different logos, depending on the genre: a steamship for Pop records (pictured), a cherub for Jazz records, an owl for Spoken Word/Comedy records, and a picture of Sinatra for his records.

Reprise Label Orange Hendrix
"Two-tone orange" label used by Reprise during the Warner Bros.-Seven Arts merger from 1968 to 1969. (Label to Jimi Hendrix's Smash Hits.) After the Kinney National Company took over Warner Bros. in 1969, the orange tone at the top of the label was changed to the same tone as on the rest of the label, the W7 box logo was removed and the circled :r logo became a boxed logo without the "Reprise" designation.

One of the label's founding principles under Sinatra's leadership was that each artist would have full creative freedom, and at some point complete ownership of their work, including publishing rights. This is the reason why recordings of early Reprise artists (Dean Martin, Jimi Hendrix, the Kinks, etc.) are (in most cases) currently distributed through other labels. In Martin's case, his Reprise recordings were out of print for nearly 20 years before a deal was struck with Capitol Records. Reprise continued to reissue the Sinatra catalog until 2013 when it was sold to Capitol.

Sold to Warner Bros.

In August, 1963, as part of a film deal, Warner Bros. purchased Reprise (which had been losing money) from Sinatra, who nonetheless retained a 1/3 interest in the label.[4] Many of the older artists on the label were dropped by Warner Bros. Records. Reprise president Mo Ostin was retained as the head of the label and he went on to play a very significant role in the history of the Warner group of labels over the next four decades. Warner-Reprise executives began targeting younger acts, beginning by securing the American distribution rights to the Pye Records recordings by the Kinks in 1964. Reprise would soon add teen-oriented pop acts like Dino, Desi & Billy to the roster. As well, Frank's own daughter Nancy Sinatra (who had started recording for the label in 1961) would be retained by Ostin, becoming a major pop star starting in late 1965. The label moved almost exclusively to rock-oriented music in the late 1960s, although Frank Sinatra would continue to record for the label until the 1980s.

Through direct signings or distribution deals, by the 1970s the Reprise roster grew to include Lee Hazlewood, Jill Jackson, Jimi Hendrix, the early Joni Mitchell recordings, Neil Young, the Electric Prunes, Donna Loren, Arlo Guthrie, Norman Greenbaum, Tom Lehrer, Tiny Tim, Ry Cooder, Captain Beefheart, Family, the early 1970s recordings by Frank Zappa and the Mothers, Gram Parsons, Emmylou Harris, Nico's Desertshore, the Fugs, Jethro Tull, Pentangle, T. Rex, the Meters, John Cale, Gordon Lightfoot, Michael Franks, Richard Pryor, Al Jarreau, Fleetwood Mac, Fanny, and the Beach Boys.

Dormancy

Reprise Label Red Young
Red label, used by Reprise throughout the late 1970s. (Label to Neil Young's Decade.)

In 1976, the Reprise label was deactivated by Warner Bros. and all of its roster (except Frank Sinatra and Neil Young) was moved to the main Warner Bros. label.[4] An unconfirmed explanation for this move is that Sinatra wanted to be the only artist on Reprise, and Young is said to have been the only Reprise act who refused to agree to a change in labels. Although older catalog albums continued to be manufactured with the Reprise logo, and albums by the Beach Boys on Brother Records were issued in the Reprise catalog numbering sequence, aside from Sinatra and Young (and the Sylvia Syms album Syms by Sinatra, which Sinatra conducted and co-produced) there were no new releases on Reprise for years.

Revival and Reprise today (1985-present)

In late 1985, some copies of the Dream Academy's hit single Life in a Northern Town were pressed on the Warner Bros. label bearing the Reprise logo.[5] 1986 saw releases bearing Reprise labels from the Dream Academy as well as Dwight Yoakam.[6] In the summer of 1987, Warner Bros. Records chairman Mo Ostin and label president Lenny Waronker officially announced the reactivation of Reprise, including its own separate promotions department, and former Warner Bros. Vice President of Promotion Rich Fitzgerald was appointed as label Vice-President.[7] In the time since, Warner Bros. has often elevated the stature of Reprise to the rank of secondary parent label, as many of its subsidiary labels (such as Straight and Kinetic) have had their records released in conjunction with Reprise.

As of 2017, it is home to such artists as Enya, Michael Bublé, Eric Clapton, Green Day, Stevie Nicks, Neil Young, Deftones, Josh Groban, Disturbed, Idina Menzel, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Gerard Way and Never Shout Never.

It was formerly home to the Jimi Hendrix and the Barenaked Ladies' catalogs in the U.S.. When the Bee Gees back catalog was remastered by Rhino Records in the 2000s, their CDs were issued under the Reprise label (they appeared on sister labels Atco and Warner Bros. in the past).

Neil Young stated in a documentary about his life that Marilyn Manson was turned down by Reprise.

In 2010, Reprise opened a country music division, operating as part of Warner Music Group Nashville, featuring Blake Shelton, the JaneDear Girls, Michelle Branch and Frankie Ballard as part of its roster.[8]

In September 2011, several layoffs took place at Reprise Records and other Warner labels.[9]

In 2017, Reprise released Enya's albums on vinyl. Some of them were pressed on this format for the very first time.

Labels

Parent organizations

See also

References

  1. ^ Edwards, David. "Reprise Records Story". Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  2. ^ Reprise Records story.
  3. ^ John Ward (December 11, 1990). "The Chairman of the Board hits another quarter century". The Tech.
  4. ^ a b c Giles, Jeff. "To Play and Play Again: How Frank Sinatra's Thirst for Creative Freedom Led to Some of Classic Rock's Greatest Records". ultimateclassicrock.com. Diffuser Network. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
  5. ^ "The Dream Academy - Life In A Northern Town".
  6. ^ "Reprise Label Discography - USA - Page 27 - 45cat".
  7. ^ "Reprise Recs". Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
  8. ^ "Warner Music Nashville Official Website". Warner Music Nashville Official Website. Retrieved May 8, 2016.
  9. ^ "Updated: Layoffs At Warner Bros./Reprise".

External links

Awesome as Fuck

Awesome as Fuck (marketed as Awesome as F**k, Awesome as ****, or Awesome: Live ) is a live album by American rock band Green Day, released on March 22, 2011 by Reprise Records. The album is composed of tracks recorded during Green Day's 2009–10 21st Century Breakdown World Tour in support of their eighth studio album 21st Century Breakdown (2009). It includes a DVD of a concert recorded at the Saitama Super Arena in Saitama, Japan. It is also available in Blu-ray.

Frank Sinatra Conducts Music from Pictures and Plays

Frank Sinatra Conducts Music from Pictures and Plays is a 1962 studio album conducted by Frank Sinatra, and arranged by Harry Sukman.

This was the first album that Sinatra conducted for his new record label, Reprise Records.

Harvest Moon (album)

Harvest Moon is the 19th studio album by Canadian musician Neil Young, released on November 2, 1992. Many of the musicians appearing on it also appeared on his 1972 album Harvest.

Kiln House

Kiln House is the fourth studio album by British blues rock band Fleetwood Mac, released on 18 September 1970 by Reprise Records. This is the first of the post-Peter Green Fleetwood Mac albums, and their last album to feature Jeremy Spencer. Christine McVie was present at the recording sessions and contributed backing vocals, keyboards and cover art, although she was not a full member of the band until shortly after the album's completion.

Old Man (song)

"Old Man" is a song written and performed by Neil Young on his 1972 album Harvest. "Old Man" was released as a single on Reprise Records in the spring of 1972, and reached #31 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for the week ending June 3.

Reprise Musical Repertory Theatre

Reprise Musical Repertory Theatre is a series of four 12" long playing vinyl albums recorded in Los Angeles in 1963. The four albums were sold through mail order as a box set in 1963, then released separately to retail in 1964. They were conceived and produced by Frank Sinatra. Morris Stoloff was the musical director and the A&R Director was Sonny Burke.

The four discs feature the scores of four popular Broadway musicals of the time, namely Finian's Rainbow (1947), Kiss Me, Kate (1948), South Pacific (1949) and Guys and Dolls (1950).

The "Guys and Dolls" album was issued on CD in 1992 when the musical itself was enjoying a revival. All the albums were re-released in a box set on September 26, 2000.

Return to Paradise Islands

Return to Paradise Islands is a long-playing vinyl album of Hawaiian themed songs recorded by Bing Crosby for Reprise Records (R-6106) at three separate sessions (August 21, October 16 and December 9) in 1963. The tracks were arranged by Nelson Riddle who also conducted the orchestra.The album was re-released on CD by Collectors' Choice Music (CCM 2105) in 2010 after being remixed from the original three track master tapes by Robert S. Bader of Bing Crosby Enterprises.

Rust Never Sleeps

Rust Never Sleeps is a live album by Canadian singer-songwriter Neil Young and American band Crazy Horse. It was released on June 22, 1979, by Reprise Records. Most of the album was recorded live, then overdubbed in the studio. Young used the phrase "rust never sleeps" as a concept for his tour with Crazy Horse to avoid artistic complacency and try more progressive, theatrical approaches to performing live.

Sinatra's Sinatra

Sinatra's Sinatra is an album by American singer Frank Sinatra, released in 1963.

Ten of the album's twelve tracks are re-recorded versions of songs that Sinatra had previously released, with "Pocketful of Miracles" and "Call Me Irresponsible" being first-time recordings for Sinatra.

Sinatra's two previous record labels, Columbia Records and Capitol Records, had both successfully issued collections of Sinatra's hits; this album was the attempt of his new label, Reprise Records, to duplicate this success by offering some earlier songs in stereophonic sound, which by 1963 was an exploding recording technology.

The album was arranged and conducted by frequent Sinatra collaborator Nelson Riddle.

Syms by Sinatra

Syms by Sinatra is a 1982 album by Sylvia Syms, arranged by Don Costa, and conducted by Frank Sinatra .

This Note's for You

This Note's for You is the 16th studio album by Canadian musician Neil Young, released on April 11, 1988 on Reprise. It was originally credited to "Young and the Bluenotes." Part of the album's concept centered on the commercialism of rock and roll, and tours in particular. (The title selection, specifically, is a hostile social commentary on concert sponsorship.) The music is marked by the use of a horn section. It also marked Young's return to the recently re-activated Reprise Records after a rocky tenure with Geffen Records.

In 2015, Young released a live album from the album's accompanying tour, which he titled Bluenote Café.

Together Again (Buck Owens song)

"Together Again" is a 1964 song by United States country singer and guitarist Buck Owens.

The song, best known as the "B" side to Owens' No. 1 hit, "My Heart Skips a Beat", interrupted that song's run at Number One on the U.S. country charts. Steel guitarist Tom Brumley's performance on "Together Again" is considered "one of the finest steel guitar solos in the history of country music" by the Country Music Television staff; it inspired Jerry Garcia to learn the instrument.

Unplugged (Neil Young album)

Unplugged is a live album by Canadian singer-songwriter Neil Young, released on June 15, 1993 on Reprise. Recorded on February 7, 1993, the album is an installment of the MTV series, Unplugged. The performance was also released on VHS.

Year of the Horse

Year of the Horse is a 1997 documentary directed by Jim Jarmusch following Neil Young and Crazy Horse on their 1996 tour; an accompanying live album by Neil Young & Crazy Horse was released in 1997. It offers a different track list than the film.

You're Nobody till Somebody Loves You

"You're Nobody till Somebody Loves You" is a popular song written by Russ Morgan, Larry Stock, and James Cavanaugh and published in 1944.

The song was first recorded by Morgan and has been covered by numerous artists. It is best known in versions by Dean Martin, who recorded it for Capitol Records in 1960 and Reprise Records in 1964, and by the Mills Brothers.

Dean Martin's 1964 version spent 9 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, peaking at No. 25, while reaching No. 1 on Billboard's Middle-Road Singles chart, and No. 28 on Canada's CHUM Hit Parade.It was the B-side to Frankie Vaughan's hit single "There Must Be a Way", which broke into the UK top ten.

A cover by Ray Price peaked at number 60 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles chart in 1986.

Zuma (album)

Zuma is the seventh studio album by Canadian musician Neil Young, released on Reprise Records in November 1975. Co-credited to Crazy Horse, it includes "Cortez the Killer," one of Young's best-known songs. Upon release, it peaked at #25 on the Billboard 200. In 1997, the album received a RIAA gold certification.

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