Reigate and Banstead

Reigate and Banstead is a local government district with borough status in East Surrey, England.[n 1] It includes the towns of Reigate, Redhill, Horley and Banstead. The borough borders the Borough of Crawley (in West Sussex) to the south, the Borough of Epsom and Ewell and District of Mole Valley to the west, Tandridge District to the east and the London Boroughs of Sutton and Croydon to the north.

Coordinates: 51°14′56″N 0°09′36″W / 51.249°N 0.160°W

Borough of Reigate and Banstead
Motto(s): 
Never Wonne Ne Never Shall
Reigate and Banstead shown within Surrey
Reigate and Banstead shown within Surrey
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countySurrey
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQReigate
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodyReigate and Banstead Borough Council
 • LeadershipLeader and Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPsCrispin Blunt
Sam Gyimah
Chris Grayling
Area
 • Total49.8 sq mi (129.1 km2)
Area rank195th (of 317) Highest point : Reigate Hill
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total147,757
 • Rank143rd (of 317)
 • Density3,000/sq mi (1,100/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1]
92.7% White
2.8% S.Asian
1.7% Black
1.6% Mixed Race
1.2% Chinese or Other
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code43UF (ONS)
E07000211 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTQ2840251646
Websitewww.reigate-banstead.gov.uk

History of Local Authority and Politics

The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the Municipal Borough of Reigate with Banstead Urban District and part of Dorking and Horley Rural District. There are two civil parishes towards the south the borough: Salfords and Sidlow and Horley.[2] The remainder of the area has two rather than three tiers of local government; the next tier up is Surrey County Council.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is a combination of the elements of the Reigate shield, the device of Banstead and symbols of the parishes of Horley and Salfords and Sidlow.[3]

The shield has a background of blue and yellow chequers taken from the arms of the de Warenne family. William de Warenne accompanied William the Conqueror from Normandy and was the first Earl of Surrey and the builder of Reigate Castle. Against this pattern is the Reigate Castle Gate and oak tree.[3]

The top of the shield has a black background as in the original Reigate arms but on which is a gold woolpack between two sprigs of oak. The woolpack or woolsack refers to the former importance of sheep rearing and wool production in Banstead. The oak sprigs represent the two parishes of Horley and Salfords and Sidlow.[3]

Above the shield is a helmet with a wreath and draped cloth also in the blue and gold of the de Warennes. On top of the helmet is a pilgrim referring to the ancient route along the escarpment of the North Downs by Banstead and Reigate, the Pilgrims Way.[3]

On either side of the shield is a white lion and a white horse. The lion comes from the arms of the de Mowbray family who were briefly Lords of the Manor of Banstead in the 12th century. The horse refers to the tradition of horse racing on Banstead Downs in the 17th century and immortalised in the Oaks race of Epsom Derby Friday. On the necks of the animals are wreaths again in the blue and yellow. On the shoulders are roundels of blue and white waves indicating the River Mole in Horley and Sidlow.[3]

The roundel on the lion has a tanner’s (or flaying) knife, the emblem of St Bartholomew, the patron of Horley, who is said to have been flayed or skinned before he was crucified. The roundel on the shoulder of the horse has a sallow leaf, a reference to Salfords, which is derived from Sallow Ford. The Sallow tree is commonly known as Pussy Willow.[3]

The motto "Never Wonne ne never shall" is taken from an ancient couplet and refers to the defeat of the Danes by King Alfred in a battle in the Vale of Holmesdale in the 9th century, now remembered in the name Battlebridge. Reigate Castle has also been known as Holmesdale Castle. A translation is "Never conquered nor never shall".[3]

Settlements within the Borough

Grouped by conurbation clockwise from the north:

Elevations, Landscape and Wildlife

The northern third of the borough is on the North Downs or its upper slopes. Commanding viewpoints exist in several locations in this area with the southern aspects of Colley Hill and Reigate Hill noteworthy enough to have had a major memorial and a picnic area with large café respectively. Historically much of this third was named Walton Heath and Banstead Heath. For tourists, Box Hill on the southern ridge with its visitor centre and greater than 180 degree viewpoint over the River Mole attracts higher numbers less than 3 miles (5 km) west along the Pilgrims' Way in Mole Valley.

The softer Greensand Ridge which is parallel to the south breaks up in the middle of the borough, forming the Redhill basin and various mounds around Reigate before continuing in both directions at higher elevations, see the Greensand Way.[6] The Mole forms a section of the western border of the borough down to Wonham Mill at the western extreme of Flanchford in the Reigate post town, itself at a millpond at the foot of the wooded Snag Brook a tributary which rises near the A25 Dorking Road.[4] Most of the county is Metropolitan Green Belt.

There are significant areas of forest and heath management, including five reserves within the national wildlife trust scheme: see Surrey Wildlife Trust.

Economy

The economy is diverse, with a strong local service sector, city workers as most locations are easily within the London Commuter Belt, trades, a developed public/education sector and several farms concentrated towards cereal and root vegetable agriculture. There is an extent of woodland management. Several employers with an international renown are found in force in and around the two most commercial towns centres of Reigate and Redhill: including Towers Watson, Kimberly Clark, Legal and General, Travelers Group (insurance), AXA Insurance breakdown, Black and Veatch and Esure. Pfizer UK headquarters is by the M25 motorway in Walton-on-the-Hill.[4] Notably Sutton and East Surrey Water is headquartered in Redhill and SGN in Horley. A choice of hotels exists in and around Horley including its adjacent neighbourhood, sometimes named independently by businesses and residents, Hookwood, on the east and north outskirts of London Gatwick Airport respectively.

Historic Airline Companies based in the borough

In the late 20th century the airline Dan-Air had its head office in the Newman House in Horley.[7] and Air Europe had its head office in Reigate.[8]

Transport

Roads

The M25 motorway passes from the middle of the east of the borough to just south of the tripoint with Epsom and Ewell and Mole Valley and has two junctions, one for the M23 motorway that passes through the eastern side of the borough north-south and starts in the northeast of the borough, the other at Reigate Hill. The A23 road from London splits into the ongoing A23 from the south and the M23 at Hooley.

The A217 road is a second London road starting in Reigate via Banstead and Sutton and on to London. Two traditional, mostly up to county distance alternatives inspired the names of the north-south/east-west motorway: the low A25 between Godstone/Guildford and the A23, the latter being used for the London to Brighton events.

Rail

The main train operator in the Borough is Southern, with other services being operated by Thameslink and First Great Western. Through routes are the North Downs Line and heavier-used London to Brighton line that has several operators plus several branch service routes operating to London (the destination in the borough of one such service is Reigate). Although these are the main railways for long and short distance travel, two branch lines cut through lower parts of the North Downs plateau in the north (to Tattenham Corner via Kingswood and to Epsom Downs via Banstead, all four stations being in the borough).

Twinning

The borough is twinned with:

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ The areas were historically in South East Surrey before the 1965 changes under the London Government Act 1963

References

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics: Reigate and Banstead
  2. ^ Surrey County Council
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Role of the Mayor". Reigate & Banstead Council. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Open Street Map
  5. ^ Surrey Interactive Map, Fir Tree Road, Epsom
  6. ^ Grid Reference Finder, Elevation Tools
  7. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 25–31 March 1992 75.
  8. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 26 July 1980. 274. "Head Office: Europe House, Bancroft Road, Reigate, Surrey, Great Britain."
  9. ^ Reigate & Banstead twinning info Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine

External links

1998 Reigate and Banstead Borough Council election

Elections to Reigate and Banstead Council in Surrey, England were held on 7 May 1998. One third of the council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 19

Labour 13

Liberal Democrat 11

Residents 5

Independent 1

2012 Reigate and Banstead Borough Council election

The 2012 Reigate and Banstead Council election took place on 3 May 2012 to elect members of Reigate and Banstead Borough Council in Surrey, England. One third of the council was elected,. The Conservative party remained in overall control of the council.

2014 Reigate and Banstead Borough Council election

The 2014 Reigate and Banstead Borough Council election took place on 22 May 2014 to elect members of Reigate and Banstead Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

2015 Reigate and Banstead Borough Council election

The 2015 Reigate and Banstead Borough Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect exactly one third of members to Reigate and Banstead Borough Council in England coinciding with other local elections held simultaneously with a General Election which resulted in increased turnout compared to the election four years before. All currently drawn wards of the United Kingdom in this area are three-member and are contested in three years out of four.

2016 Reigate and Banstead Borough Council election

The 2016 Reigate and Banstead Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2016 to elect members of Reigate and Banstead Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

Burgh Heath

Burgh Heath ( or, especially amongst older residents, ) is a residential neighbourhood with a remnant part of the Banstead Commons of the same name. Immediately north of Upper Kingswood on the A217 road, it adjoins part of Banstead to the north. The north of the area is more specifically called Great Burgh, but the terms are largely interchangeable.

Dunottar School

Dunottar School is an independent school in Reigate, Surrey, England, established in 1926.

East Surrey College

East Surrey College is a general further education college situated in the town of Redhill, Surrey. The College has over 2,000 full-time students and more than 2,600 part-time students; studying courses that range from vocational qualifications to community leisure courses.

Grade II* listed buildings in Surrey

The county of Surrey is divided into 11 districts: Spelthorne, Runnymede, Surrey Heath, Woking, Elmbridge, Guildford, Waverley, Mole Valley, Epsom and Ewell, Reigate and Banstead, and Tandridge.

As there are 322 Grade II* listed buildings in the county they have been split into separate lists for each district.

Grade II* is the mid-rank. Grade II is the initial rank with many more such buildings and particularly other structures, and Grade I is reserved to a very low percentage of buildings nationwide.

Grade II* listed buildings in Spelthorne

Grade II* listed buildings in Runnymede (district)

Grade II* listed buildings in Surrey Heath

Grade II* listed buildings in Woking (district)

Grade II* listed buildings in Elmbridge

Grade II* listed buildings in Guildford (borough)

Grade II* listed buildings in Mole Valley

Grade II* listed buildings in Waverley, Surrey

Grade II* listed buildings in Epsom and Ewell

Grade II* listed buildings in Reigate and Banstead

Grade II* listed buildings in Tandridge (district)

Margery

Margery is a heavily buffered, lightly populated hamlet in the Reigate and Banstead district, in the English county of Surrey. It sits on the North Downs, is bordered by the London Orbital Motorway, at a lower altitude, and its predominant land use is agriculture.

Merstham

Merstham is a village in the borough of Reigate and Banstead in Surrey, England. It is north of Redhill and is contiguous with it. Part of the North Downs Way runs along the northern boundary of the village. Merstham has community associations, an early medieval church, a football club and an art gallery.

Oakwood School (Surrey)

Oakwood School is a community secondary school located in Horley, Surrey, England. It is co-educational and caters for students in the 11-16 age range in that it does not have a sixth form.

RH postcode area

The RH postcode area, also known as the Redhill postcode area, is a group of twenty postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of seventeen post towns. These postcode districts cover east Surrey and northeastern West Sussex, as well as small parts of northwestern East Sussex.

The main sorting office is in Crawley (Gatwick Mail Centre), and the area served includes parts of the Surrey districts of Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead and Tandridge, as well as most of the West Sussex districts of Crawley, Horsham and Mid Sussex, and small parts of the East Sussex districts of Lewes and Wealden.

Reigate College

Reigate College is a state college in Reigate, Surrey, England, for students aged between 16–19 years of age. The college occupies part of the town centre between the High Street and railway station.

Reigate College was graded by Ofsted as "Outstanding" in 2008.

Reigate and Banstead Borough Council elections

One third of Reigate and Banstead Borough Council in Surrey, England is elected each year, followed by one year without election. Since the last boundary changes in 2000, 51 councillors have been elected from 19 wards.

Sidlow

Sidlow is a mainly rural, lightly populated village in the parish of Salfords and Sidlow, in the south of the borough of Reigate and Banstead in Surrey, England.

Tattenham Corner

Tattenham Corner is a neighbourhood in north Surrey, UK, but the name is principally associated with Epsom Racecourse. It is in the Tattenhams ward of Reigate and Banstead Borough.

The Warwick School, Redhill

The Warwick School is a non-denominational community secondary school located in Redhill, Surrey. It is co-educational and caters for children between 11 and 16 years of age.

.

Woodmansterne

Woodmansterne is a village in the borough of Reigate and Banstead, Surrey, bordering Greater London, England. It sits on a small plateau of and a southern down slope of the North Downs and its ecclesiastical parish borders continue to span old boundaries and reach into Chipstead, Coulsdon and Wallington.

Berkshire
Buckinghamshire
East Sussex
Hampshire
Isle of Wight
Kent
Oxfordshire
Surrey
West Sussex

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.