Registry of Open Access Repositories

The Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) is a searchable international database indexing the creation, location and growth of open access institutional repositories and their contents. ROAR was created by EPrints at University of Southampton, UK, in 2003.[1][2][3][4] It began as the Institutional Archives Registry and was renamed Registry of Open Access Repositories in 2006.[5][6] To date, over 3,000 institutional and cross-institutional repositories have been registered.[7]

As of 2015, ROAR and the UK-based Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) "are considered the two leading open access directories worldwide. ROAR is the larger directory and allows direct submissions to the directory. OpenDOAR controls submission of materials and is dependent on the discretion of its staff. OpenDOAR requires open access of scholarly publications; whereas ROAR allows other types of materials to be included. ROAR allows filtering by country, type of repository, and sorting by repository name."[8]

ROAR growth
ROAR Growth of open access repositories, 2000-2018


ROAR's companion Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies (ROARMAP) is a searchable international database of policies. It charts the growth of open access mandates and policies adopted by universities, research institutions and research funders that require their researchers to provide open access to their peer-reviewed research article output by depositing it in an open access repository.

It was created by EPrints at University of Southampton in 2003.[9][10][11][12][13] The Institutional Self-Archiving Policy Registry became the Registry of Open Access Repository Material Archiving Policies in 2006, then the Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies, and then the Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies around 2014.[6][14]

ROARMAP mandates are classified in terms of strength and effectiveness[15] in MELIBEA[16] As of October 2015, open-access mandates have been adopted by more than 520 universities and more than 75 research funders worldwide.[17]


  1. ^ Brody, T, Carr, L, Hey, JMN, Brown, A, Hitchcock, S (2007) PRONOM-ROAR: Adding Format Profiles to a Repository Registry to Inform Preservation Services. The International Journal of Digital Curation 2(2)
  2. ^ McDowell, CS (2007) Evaluating Institutional Repository Deployment in American Academe Since Early 2005: Repositories by the Numbers D-Lib 13 (9/10)
  3. ^ Xia, J. (2011). "An anthropological emic-etic perspective on open access practices". Journal of Documentation. 67 (1): 75–94. doi:10.1108/00220411111105461.
  4. ^ Krishnamurthy, M.; Kemparaju, T. D. (2011). "Institutional repositories in Indian universities and research institutes". Program: electronic library & information systems. 45 (2): 185–198.
  5. ^ Tim Brody (ed.). "". Archived from the original on 26 June 2004. The Institutional Archive Registry tracks the number and size of open-access eprint archives
  6. ^ a b "Open Access News". 22 February 2006. Archived from the original on 12 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Browse by Repository Type". ROAR. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  8. ^ Patricia H. Dawson; Sharon Q. Yang (2016). "Institutional Repositories, Open Access and Copyright: What Are the Practices and Implications?". Science & Technology Libraries. 35. doi:10.1080/0194262X.2016.1224994. (Subscription required (help)).
  9. ^ Moskovkin, VM (2008) Institutional policies for open access to the results of scientific research . Scientific and Technical Information Processing. 35 (6) 269–273, doi:10.3103/S0147688208060075
  10. ^ Sale, AHJ (2007) The patchwork mandate . D-Lib Magazine, 13 (1/2). ISSN 1082-9873
  11. ^ Manikandan, S; N Isai Vani (2010) "Restricting access to publications from funded research: Ethical issues and solutions." Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 56(2): 154–156
  12. ^ Lyons, Charles; H Austin Booth (2010) "An Overview of Open Access in the Fields of Business and Management". Journal of Business & Finance Librarianship 16(2): 1080124 doi:10.1080/08963568.2011.554786
  13. ^ Hurrell, A. C. (2012) Open access policies on scholarly publishing in the university context. BCLA Browser: Linking the Library Landscape, 4(3).
  14. ^ "". Archived from the original on 27 December 2014.
  15. ^ Gargouri, Y., Lariviere, V., Gingras, Y., Brody, T., Carr, L., & Harnad, S. (2012). Testing the Finch Hypothesis on Green OA Mandate Ineffectiveness. arXiv preprint arXiv:1210.8174.
  16. ^ "MELIBEA directory and estimator of institutional open-access policies".
  17. ^ "Browse by Policymaker Type". ROARMAP. Retrieved 22 October 2015.

External links

Links related to mandates

DSpace is an open source repository software package typically used for creating open access repositories for scholarly and/or published digital content. While DSpace shares some feature overlap with content management systems and document management systems, the DSpace repository software serves a specific need as a digital archives system, focused on the long-term storage, access and preservation of digital content.

List of open-access projects

Some of the most important open-access publishing projects or lists of such projects are listed below.

Open-access mandate

An open-access mandate is a policy adopted by a research institution, research funder, or government which requires researchers—usually university faculty or research staff and/or research grant recipients—to make their published, peer-reviewed journal articles and conference papers open access (1) by self-archiving their final, peer-reviewed drafts in a freely accessible institutional repository or disciplinary repository ("Green OA") or (2) by publishing them in an open-access journal ("Gold OA") or both.


OpenDOAR: Directory of Open Access Repositories is a UK-based website that lists academic open access repositories. It is searchable by locale, content and other measures. The service does not require complete repository details and does not search repositories' metadata.OpenDOAR is maintained by the University of Nottingham under the SHERPA umbrella of services and was developed in collaboration with Lund University. The project is funded by the Open Science Institute, Jisc, the Consortium of Research Libraries (CURL) and SPARC Europe.

As of 2015, OpenDOAR and the UK-based Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) "are considered the two leading open access directories worldwide. ROAR is the larger directory and allows direct submissions to the directory. OpenDOAR controls submission of materials and is dependent on the discretion of its staff. OpenDOAR requires open access of scholarly publications; whereas ROAR allows other types of materials to be included. ROAR allows filtering by country, type of repository, and sorting by repository name."

Open access

Open access (OA) is a mechanism by which research outputs are distributed online, free of cost or other barriers, and, in its most precise meaning, with the addition of an open license applied to promote reuse.Academic articles (as historically seen in print-based academic journals) have been the main focus of the movement. Conventional (non-open access) journals cover publishing costs through access tolls such as subscriptions, site licenses or pay-per-view charges. Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.

Open access in Belgium

In Belgium, open access to scholarly communication accelerated after 2007 when the University of Liège adopted its first open-access mandate. The "Brussels Declaration" for open access was signed by officials in 2012.

Open access in Canada

In Canada the Institutes of Health Research effected a policy of open access in 2008, which in 2015 expanded to include the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. The Public Knowledge Project began in 1998 at University of British Columbia. Notable Canadian advocates for open access include Leslie Chan, Jean-Claude Guédon, Stevan Harnad, Heather Morrison, and John Willinsky.

Open access in Denmark

Open access to scholarly communication in Denmark has grown rapidly since the 1990s. As in other countries in general, open access publishing is less expensive than traditional, paper-based, pre-Internet publishing.

Open access in Germany

Open access to scholarly communication in Germany has evolved rapidly since the early 2000s. Publishers Beilstein-Institut, Copernicus Publications, De Gruyter, Knowledge Unlatched, Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information, ScienceOpen, Springer Nature, and Universitätsverlag Göttingen belong to the international Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association.

Open access in Hungary

Open access to scholarly communication in Hungary has developed in recent years through digital repositories and academic publishers, among other means. In 2008 several academic libraries founded the Hungarian Open Access Repositories (HUNOR) consortium.

Open access in India

In India, open access to scholarly communication has been developing for several decades. During May 2004, two workshops were organised by the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai which laid the foundation for the Open Access movement in India. In 2009, the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research began requiring that its grantees provide open access to funded research. The "Delhi Declaration on Open Access" in South Asia was issued on 14 February 2018, signed by dozens of academics and supporters.

Open access in Italy

Open access to scholarly communication in Italy has grown since the early 2000s. During an academic conference in Messina in November 2004, Italian universities joined the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities, in Italy thereafter known as the "Declaration of Messina".

Open access in Poland

Open access scholarly communication of Poland can be searched via the "CeON Aggregator" of the University of Warsaw Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling's Centre for Open Science.

Open access in Russia

In January 2008, Russian, Belarusian, and Ukrainian academics issued the "Belgorod Declaration" in support of open access to scientific and cultural knowledge. Russian supporters of the international "Open Access 2020" campaign, launched in 2016, include Belgorod State University, National Electronic Information Consortium (NEICON), and Webpublishers Association.

Open access in Ukraine

In Ukraine, a 2007 law requires open access publishing of research created through public funding. In January 2008, Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Russian academics issued the "Belgorod Declaration on open access to scientific knowledge and cultural heritage." Ukrainian academics issued another statement in June 2009 in support of open access.

Open access in the Republic of Ireland

Open access scholarly communication of Ireland can be found by searching "RIAN," a national portal maintained by the Irish Universities Association.


Roar may refer to:

Roar (vocalization), a sound produced by certain animals

Roar (given name), a masculine Norwegian given name

Roar! (newspaper), the King's College London student newspaper

The Roar, a 2008 novel by Emma Clayton

Brisbane Roar FC, an Australian football club (formerly Queensland Roar FC)

Roar (roller coaster), a roller coaster located at Six Flags America and formerly Six Flags Discovery Kingdom

Roar, a dubious legendary king of Denmark; see HrothgarROAR may refer to:

ROAR Magazine, an independent online publication

Radio Operated Auto Racing, the sanctioning body of competitive radio controlled car racing in the United States and Canada

ROAR National Championships, the eponymous national championship

ROAR Registry of Open Access Repositories, an index and search engine for open-access institutional repositories

Restore Our Alienated Rights, a Boston organization formed to oppose desegregation busing

Rise Organise and Rebuild Guyana Movement, a political party in Guyana, allied with the Guyana Action Party

Reach Out and Read, an American organization that advocates for childhood literacy


Self-archiving is the act of (the author's) depositing a free copy of an electronic document online in order to provide open access to it. The term usually refers to the self-archiving of peer-reviewed research journal and conference articles, as well as theses and book chapters, deposited in the author's own institutional repository or open archive for the purpose of maximizing its accessibility, usage and citation impact. The term green open access has become common in recent years, distinguishing this approach from gold open access, where the journal itself makes the articles publicly available without charge to the reader.

Skemman (est. 2007) is an online digital library of research publications in Iceland. The National and University Library of Iceland in Reykjavík currently operates the repository. It was overseen by the Teachers' Training College from 2006 to 2009. Contributors of content include the Agricultural University of Iceland, Bifröst University, Hólar University College, Iceland Academy of the Arts, National and University Library of Iceland, Reykjavik University, University of Akureyri, and University of Iceland.

Projects +

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