Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands

The Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), also known as Operation Helpem Fren and Operation Anode, was created in 2003 in response to a request for international aid by the Governor-General of Solomon Islands. Helpem Fren means "help a friend" in Solomon Islands Pidgin. The mission officially ended on 30 June 2017.[1]

Causes for unrest

Deep seated problems of land alienation dating from colonialism, unresolved after independence, have led to a number of compensation claims on land use.

"The Honiara Peace Accord that was signed by the warring parties (Guadalcanal and Malaita), the government and the Commonwealth Special Envoy (Major General Sitiveni Rabuka) recognised several root causes of the conflict:[2]

  • Land demands – Guadalcanal leaders wanted all alienated land titles, which had been leased to government and to individual developers, to be returned to landowners (including any other land acquired illegally).
  • Political demands – Guadalcanal wanted the establishment of a state government in order to have control over: the sale or use of local land; the distribution of wealth derived from local natural resources; and the migration of people in and out of the province.
  • Compensation demands – Guadalcanal wanted payment for the lives of its indigenous people, who have been brutally murdered for their lands or for other reasons."

The warring parties mentioned were mainly the Solomon Islands Government, the Isatabu Freedom Movement and the Malaita Eagle Force led by, among others, Jimmy Rasta and Harold Keke.

International response

SolomonIslandsMap
Map of the Solomon Islands

A sizeable international security contingent of 2,200 police and troops, led by Australia (under the Australian Federal Police and Australian Defence Force name "Operation Anode")[3] and New Zealand, and with representatives from about six other Pacific nations began arriving on 24 July 2003.

Nick Warner assumed the role of Special Coordinator as leader of RAMSI, working with the Solomon Islands Government and assisted by a New Zealand Deputy Special Coordinator, Peter Noble, and Fijian Assistant Special Coordinator, Sekove Naqiolevu. Major contributing nations to RAMSI include Australia (which directed the operation), Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Tonga. Pacific countries contribute to RAMSI including Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. Personnel from the Pacific countries are predominantly police officers served as part of RAMSI's Participating Police Force (PPF).

Initially, the commander of "Combined Task Force 635" (CTF 635) – the military element of the Mission – was Lieutenant Colonel John Frewen, commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (2 RAR), and the deputy commander Major Vern Bennett, New Zealand Army, from Linton. The Land Component included HQ 2 RAR from Townsville, 200 Australian infantry from 2 RAR, a Fijian rifle company, probably from 3 Fiji Infantry Regiment, Queen Elizabeth Bks, Suva, and a Pacific Islands Company, under an Australian Company commander, with Tongan, PNG, and Australian rifle platoons. Supporting elements included eight Iroquois Helicopters, four each from 3 SQN, Royal New Zealand Air Force and 171 Operational Support Squadron, Australian Army, a PNG engineer troop, New Zealand engineer and medical elements, an Australian Combat Service Support Team, with some personnel from Army level troops from Sydney plus logistics personnel from New Zealand, and four Australian Project Nervana Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for surveillance.[4]

In 2004, James Batley took over as Special Coordinator, followed by Tim George in late 2006. In 2005 New Zealander Paul Ash became Deputy Special Coordinator, followed by Dr Jonathan Austin in 2007. Mataiasi Lomaloma succeeded Naqiolevu as Assistant Special Coordinator in late 2005. Military personnel provide security, material and logistical assistance to police forces assisting the Solomon Islands Government in the restoration of law and order. From November 2003, the military component was reduced, as stability gradually returned to the country, and a sizeable civilian contingent, composed of economists, development assistance specialists and budget advisors commenced the reconstruction of the government, economy and finances of the Solomon Islands. The civilian contingent is now made up of around 130 personnel from many pacific countries, the most sizeable being Australia and New Zealand. Early successes included the stabilisation of government finances and normalisation of debt, as well as a number of economic reforms. Civilians in RAMSI are now focussing on capacity building of Solomon Islanders to take over the roles. Difficulties include the lack of available skilled Solomon Islanders.

Former Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare was outspoken in his criticism of RAMSI, which he accused of being dominated by Australia and of undermining the Solomons' sovereignty.[5][6][7] By contrast, his successor Prime Minister Derek Sikua has stated he supports RAMSI,[8] and has criticised his predecessor, saying in January 2008: "I think for some time in the last 18 months, the Solomon Islands government was preoccupied with finding fault in RAMSI."[9] Sikua has stated:

"[We will] provide leadership that will work closely with RAMSI to achieve clearly stated and agreed objectives for the long-term benefit of Solomon Islands. [...] RAMSI is here on our invitation. [...] [The mission] is important to Solomon Islands as it provides security, development of our police service, and the strengthening of the capacity of government institutions."[10]

Sikua has also asked RAMSI to assist the Solomons' rural areas "in the health sector and in the education sector as well as in infrastructure and other sectors to do with income generation and economic activities".[11]

A documentary film about the tension times and the RAMSI intervention was filmed in 2013, directed by Michael Bainbridge and Mark Power.

Australian deaths

34 SI- Advisory support to Solomon Islands MInistry of Finance
RAMSI adviser Sally Taylor with Ruth Gilbert from the Solomon Islands Ministry of Finance.

In the early hours of 22 December 2004, Australian Protective Service Officer Adam Dunning was ambushed and killed while on a routine vehicle patrol with another officer in Honiara. Within 24 hours, a rifle company group from the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment was flown into the Solomon Islands.

In early January 2005, a joint operation between the Royal Solomon Islands Police (RSIP) and Participating Police Force (PPF) resulted in the arrest of James Tatau. Tatau was charged with Dunning's murder, the attempted murder of his colleague, and an earlier shooting incident on a Participating Police Force (PPF) vehicle, in which a bullet narrowly missed two PPF officers. After the arrest, the military presence within RAMSI was again reduced. As of 2005, the five troop-contributing nations (Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Tonga) together provided approximately 40 personnel to support the PPF. There are currently around 200 troops stationed in Solomon Islands, who regularly conduct patrols in the capital, Honiara and throughout the provinces.

Solomon Islanders James Tatau and John Hen Ome were acquitted after standing trial for the killing of Adam Dunning in May 2007.[12]

An Australian soldier, Private Jamie Clark, died in 2005 after falling down a sinkhole while serving as a peacekeeper in the Solomon Islands.[13]

Riots following 2006 general election

Australian soldiers burning guns during the RAMSI deployment in October 2003
Australian soldiers assigned to RAMSI burning guns in October 2003
MC 09-0081-262 - Flickr - NZ Defence Force
New Zealand soldiers patrolling in 2009

On 18 April 2006 Snyder Rini was elected Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands in a general election. This sparked rioting in Honiara amidst allegations that the election was fixed with the aid of money from Chinese businessmen. Parts of Honiara were razed and looted, with Chinese-owned property particularly targeted.[14] With up to 90% of their shops burnt down in Chinatown, most Chinese have evacuated the country in fear of their personal safety. Snyder Rini resigned on the floor of Parliament on 26 April after just eight days as Prime Minister and as MPs were due to vote on a motion of no confidence against him.

In response, from 20 April 2006, RAMSI forces were rapidly bolstered by a further 220 Australian troops. New Zealand sent a further rifle company and 30 police to increase its RAMSI contribution to around 160 troops and 67 police.[15][16]

The PPF comprised police officers from 15 Pacific nations: Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Republic of Marshall Islands, Palau, Federated States of Micronesia, Niue, Tonga, Samoa, Cook Islands, Vanuatu, Nauru, Kiribati and Tuvalu.

2013 military withdrawal

On 1 July 2013, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga and Papua New Guinean forces began a "phased redeployment" from the Solomon Islands after it was assessed that the security situation in the country had stabilised. The last Australian infantry returned to Australia on 1 August 2013.[17] All Australian personnel and equipment were scheduled to be withdrawn by September 2013. After arriving on 24 July 2003, a total of 7,270 Australian personnel deployed during that country's support to RAMSI. Of these, 2,122 were Reserve personnel.[18]

Cost

In the year of 2011–12, $43.5 million was spent on the Australian contribution to the RAMSI. In 2014 Jenny Hayward-Jones at the Lowey Institute estimated that Australian government spending on RAMSI as $2.6 billion in real terms to that date.[19][20]

See also

References

  1. ^ Wyeth, Grant (30 June 2017). "RAMSI Ends: What's Next for the Solomon Islands?". The Diplomat.
  2. ^ Dalcy Tovosia Paina. Peacemaking in Solomon Islands: The experience of the Guadalcanal Women for Peace movement. School of Education, Solomon Islands College of Higher Education.
  3. ^ "Australian Government, Department of Defence". Defence.gov.au. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  4. ^ Colin Robinson & Steve Wyatt, 'Operation Helpem Fren,' Version 2.3, Orbat.com, 9 August 2003
  5. ^ "RAMSI undermining Solomons' sovereignty: Sogavare", Campbell Cooney, ABC News, 16 October 2007
  6. ^ "Building bridges in the Solomons", Anna Jones, BBC, 4 January 2008
  7. ^ "Australia's Dominance Drives Wedge Into Pacific", Selwyn Manning, Scoop.co.nz, 24 October 2006
  8. ^ "Sikua: Nation keen to retain RAMSI", Fiji Times, 29 January 2008
  9. ^ "New Solomons PM pledges RAMSI support", Sydney Morning Herald, 21 January 2008
  10. ^ "Sikua Government Values Relations with Regional Partners", Joanna Sireheti, Solomon Times, 20 December 2007
  11. ^ "Solomon Islands PM calls for RAMSI expansion", ABC Radio Australia, 29 January 2008
  12. ^ "Solomon Star News, Solomon Islands leading newspaper". Solomonstarnews.com. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  13. ^ "War Memorial urged to honour fallen peacekeepers - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  14. ^ "Zero tolerance for violence in Solomons", 25 April 2006, New Zealand Press Association
  15. ^ Media Release – Solomon Islands – New Zealand Defence Force Assistance, 20 April 2006, New Zealand Defence Force
  16. ^ Media Release – Further Deployment to the Solomon Islands, 21 April 2006, New Zealand Defence Force
  17. ^ "Final Solomon Islands infantry rotation returns home". Australian Defence Department News. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Australia-led Combined Task Forces Concludes Role With RAMSI". Department of Defence Media Release. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Reviewing RAMSI". abc.net.au. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  20. ^ Watt, David. "Budget 2011–12: Australian Defence Force (ADF) operations". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 10 July 2013.

Further reading

External links

1980 Solomon Islands general election

General elections were held in the Solomon Islands on 6 August 1980. A total of 244 candidates contested the election, the result of which was a victory for the Solomon Islands United Party, which won 16 of the 38 seats.

2001 Solomon Islands general election

General elections were held in the Solomon Islands on 5 December 2001. The People's Alliance Party won the most seats, and its leader, Allan Kemakeza became Prime Minister.

Charles Dausabea

Charles Dausabea (born 21 August 1960) is a Solomon Islands politician.

After studying at the Honiara Technical Institute in the late 1970s, he attended the Police Training School, and then a police academy in Taiwan. In the 1980s, while he was serving in the police, he was "convicted of forgery and receiving stolen goods", and gaoled.Entering politics, he sat on the Honiara Town Council in 1990, then entered the National Parliament as MP for East Honiara in a by-election on 19 December 1990, following the resignation of sitting MP Bartholomew Ulufa'alu. Prime Minister Solomon Mamaloni subsequently appointed him Chief Whip. He lost his seat to John Kauluae in the 1993 general election, but regained it in August 1997. After losing it to Simeon Bouro in the 2001 election, he regained it once more in April 2006.He was one of the leaders of the Malaita Eagle Force during the inter-ethnic violence in which the country descended into chaos from 1999 to 2003. As such, he "played a key role in the 2000 coup", in which the Eagle Force kidnapped and overthrew Prime Minister Bartholomew Ulufa'alu, accusing him of not sufficiently tending to the interests of the Malaitan community on Guadalcanal.On 5 May 2006, following riots which forced Prime Minister Snyder Rini to resign, new Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare appointed Dausabea as Minister for Police and National Security. At the time of his appointment, Dausabea had just been arrested, by "Australian and local police" acting within the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), whereby Australia and other Pacific countries provided essential services to the country after the 1999-to-2003 violence. Described by an Australian official as "the most dangerous man in the Solomons", he was charged with having participated in the riots which had led to the fall of the Rini government. On 9 June, Sogavare "was forced to replace [him] after a backlash from local church and community leaders, as well as foreign aid donors". Dausabea remained in gaol during the entirety of his hypothetical time as government minister. The charges were eventually dropped, for lack of evidence. A Cabinet leak, however, alleged that Sogavare had exerted influence to have the charges against him called off.On 5 December 2007, Sogavare appointed Dausabea as Minister for Public Service. The appointment was short-lived; the Sogavare government was brought down by a motion of no confidence on 20 December.Dausabea lost his seat again in 2008 after being convicted of fraud and gaoled for eighteen months.In 2012 he became the leader of the Malaita Ma’asina Forum, a movement which campaigns for Malaita Province to obtain full political autonomy in relation to the national government.

Fiji–Solomon Islands relations

Fiji–Solomon Islands relations are diplomatic and other bilateral relations between the Republic of Fiji and Solomon Islands. Diplomatic relations are cordial, although the Solomon Islands government has aligned itself with other countries in the region to urge Fiji interim Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama to restore democracy in Fiji. Fiji and the Solomons are both located in Melanesia, and are both members of the Melanesian Spearhead Group. They also participate in other regional organisations including the Pacific Islands Forum. In August 2008, it was announced that Solomon Islands intended to open a High Commission in Suva, and in December the government of Fiji announced that it had "formally endorsed the establishment of a Resident Diplomatic Mission in Suva by the Government of Solomon Islands". Fiji's High Commission to Papua New Guinea is accredited to Solomon Islands.

The earliest relations between the two countries came during the Second World War, when Fiji soldiers under British command fought against the Japanese in the Solomons. Formal diplomatic relations were established on 28 July 1978, when the Solomon Islands became a sovereign country.Today, Fiji soldiers are once again present in the Solomon Islands, as part of the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI).There is a Fiji community in Solomon Islands, notably in Honiara, the capital city. It includes both Solomon Islands citizens of Fiji descent and Fiji citizen workers and businessmen currently residing in the Solomons. Similarly, there are Fiji citizens of Solomon Islands descent in Fiji, descendants of workers who came to work on European-owned plantations in the nineteenth century. Suva "has one of the highest concentrations of Solomon Islanders living overseas".Former Solomon Islands Prime Minister, Derek Sikua, was educated in Fiji and speaks Fijian.Since March 2012, the Solomon Islands High Commissioner to Fiji is former Foreign Affairs Minister Patteson Oti.

John Garo

John Garo (born 29 January 1952 in Buma Village, Malaita Province; died 2007) was a Solomon Islands politician.

He was elected to the National Parliament as MP for West Kwaio in the December 2001 general election. In May 2003, he was elected Leader of the Official Opposition. He was, at the time, an independent MP. Two months later, as Leader of the Opposition, he supported Prime Minister Allan Kemakeza's motion requesting that an Australian-led international peacekeeping force be deployed in Solomon Islands, in the wake of armed ethnic conflict on Guadalcanal. This led to the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI). In July 2004, he benefited from a Cabinet reshuffle, leaving the Opposition and joining the government as Minister of State assisting the Prime Minister.He was not re-elected to Parliament in 2006, and died the following year.

Judiciary of Solomon Islands

The judiciary of Solomon Islands is a branch of the Government of Solomon Islands that interprets and applies the laws of Solomon Islands, to ensure equal justice under law, and to provide a mechanism for dispute resolution. The legal system is derived from chapter VII, part II of the Constitution, adopted when the country became independent from the United Kingdom in 1978. The Constitution provided for the creation of a High Court, with original jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases, and a Court of Appeal. It also provided for the possibility of "subordinate courts", with no further specification (art.84).The court system is under the responsibility of the Minister for Justice and Legal Affairs, who as of June 2013 is Commins Mewa.Prior to the beginning of the international Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) in 2003, designed to restore peace and order in the country and reinforce its institutions, the "justice system was barely functioning, with courts rarely sitting and those awaiting trial often waiting more than two years for their case to be heard". The judiciary was strengthened over the following years, and as of 2013 RAMSI maintains "19 long-term advisers supporting the Solomon Islands judicial system".Like that of most Pacific island countries, Solomon Islands' court system relies partly on foreign judges, from other common law countries. Thus, the judges of the Court of Appeal "include senior judges from Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea". Foreign judges are also found in the High Court.The court system at present is structured as follows.

Law enforcement in Palau

The defense of Palau is the responsibility of the United States, but local police matters are handled by the Palau Police, the national police force. Some of the sixteen states also had separate police departments during the 1980s and 1990s.

The Palau Bureau of Public Division of Marine Law Enforcement (DMLE) is responsible for marine surveillance, maritime law enforcement, search and rescue in Palau’s territorial waters and its 200 nm exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The DMLE operates a Pacific-class patrol boat, the PPS President H.I. Remeliik, and the PPS Kedam for use in maritime surveillance and fisheries control over Palau's EEZ. Its home port is Koror. The DMLE also operate three smaller 15-meter inshore patrol vessels, the Euatel, Kabekl M’tal and Bul, used for surveillance of inshore and territorial waters.

The Remeliik was donated and is maintained by Australia, who also provide training for the crew.

The other four vessels were donated by The Nippon Foundation and The Sasakawa Peace Foundation.In addition, DMLE have a search and rescue Rigid Hulled Inflatable Boat (RHIB) and a twin 85 hp boat. They are used only for inshore operations.

The Bureau of Public Safety Director is Aloysius Alonz. Palau has provided police officers to the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands since May 2006. Palauan Police officer Bryson Ngiratumerang is contingent commander of the Palauan police serving as part of RAMSI's Participating Police Force (PPF).

Law enforcement in Tuvalu

Tuvalu has no army, but its national police force, the Tuvalu Police Force headquartered in Funafuti includes a Maritime Surveillance Unit, Customs, Prisons and Immigration. Police officers wear British style uniforms.

Law enforcement in Vanuatu

Vanuatu has a small mobile para-military force part of the national police service, the Ni-Vanuatu Police or Vanuatu Police Force (VPF), headquartered in Port Vila.

Law enforcement in the Federated States of Micronesia

Defense of the Federated States of Micronesia is the responsibility of the United States, but local police matters are handled by the FSM National Police, a small federal national police force, a division of the Department of Justice.

Th FSM National Police is the law enforcement arm of the FSM national government, with specific mandated duty to enforce fishery laws, the Controlled Substance Act, the Weapons Control Act, Search and Rescue, protection of government officials and visiting foreign diplomats, and laws that are national in nature or crimes against the government.

Other functions include medical evacuation, assistance in disaster relief operations, emergency communications and technical support and training state law enforcement agencies.

The National Police is managed and administered from its headquarters at the capital, Palikir. The Maritime Wing, an integral unit of the National Police, is situated at the dock in Dekehtik, Pohnpei.

The Federated States of Micronesia also have state police departments for Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk, and Yap, as well as municipal departments for Kitti, Kolonia, Madolenihmw, Nett, Sapwuahfik, Sokehs and U on Pohnpei; Polle, Fono, Losap, Nema, Udot, Uman and Tol in the Chuuk chain; and Tafunsak on Kosrae.

The Federated States of Micronesia has provided police officers to the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands since March 2006.

Federated States of Micronesia Police officer Kelly Samuel is contingent commander of the FSM police serving as part of RAMSI's Participating Police Force (PPF).

The Chuuk Department of Public Safety acting director is Jimmy Emilio, the Pohnpei DPS director is Benito Cantero, the Pohnpei police chief is Kerley Araceley, and the Pohnpei Division of Correction and Rehabilitation chief is Yoster Donre.

Law enforcement in the Marshall Islands

Defense of the Marshall Islands is the responsibility of the United States, but local police matters are handled by the Marshall Islands Police, the national police force, as well as several atoll or municipality-based departments. There are two police forces which function under the name Kwajalein Police, a municipal department known otherwise as Kalgov Police, in addition to law enforcement on the U.S. military base on Kwajalein Atoll separate from the Government of the Marshall Islands, and which are contracted out to private security firms from the United States. Kwajalein Atoll is serviced by Alutiiq Security & Technology of Huntsville, Alabama.

The Marshall Islands has provided police officers to the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands since May 2006.

Marshall Islands police officer Clemson Jormelu is contingent commander of the Marshall Islands Police serving as part of RAMSI's Participating Police Force (PPF).

Mary-Louise O'Callaghan

Mary Louise O'Callaghan is an Australian journalist and author.She was The Guardian's stringer in China from 1983 to 1985. She was then the South Pacific correspondent for Fairfax Media from 1987 to 1995, and then for The Australian from 1995 to 2004. She later worked as the public affairs manager for the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI). She was based in the Solomon Islands from 1989, remaining there for 25 years.In 1997, O'Callaghan won both the Gold Walkley award and a Walkley Award for International Reporting for her coverage of what would become known as the Sandline affair. In February 1997, O'Callaghan broke the story in the Weekend Australian that the Papua New Guinean government had secretly hired foreign mercenaries to fight in the Bougainville Civil War. The subsequent fallout brought down the government of Prime Minister Julius Chan. She subsequently wrote a book on the subject, Enemies Within: Papua New Guinea, Australia, and the Sandline Crisis: The Inside Story, in 1998. She later won a third Walkley Award for Best Radio Feature, along with Philip Adam and Chris Bullock, for an ABC Radio National Late Night Live series on the Solomon Islands.She was the Public Affairs lead at [[World Vision Australia] from 2013-2019].O'Callaghan is married to Solomon Islander politician and trade unionist Joses Tuhanuku. They have four children together.

National Party (Solomon Islands)

The National Party is a political party in the Solomon Islands.

At the legislative elections on 5 April 2006, the party won 6.9% of the vote and 4 out of 50 seats.

Nelson Ne'e

Nelson Ne'e (February 2, 1954 – c. March 13, 2013) was a Solomon Islands politician.

Ne'e was born in Ambu, Malaita Province. After studying at the Institute of Administration in Sydney and at the National Institute of Public Administration in Malaysia, he worked in administration for the Solomon Islands Electricity Authority, eventually becoming its Deputy General Manager, before going into politics. He first entered the National Parliament when he was elected MP for the Central Honiara constituency in the country's capital in the April 2006 general election. He sat as an independent.In May 2006, following riots which forced Prime Minister Snyder Rini to resign, new Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare appointed Ne'e as Minister for Tourism and Culture. At the time of his appointment, Ne'e had recently been arrested, by "Australian and local police" acting within the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), whereby Australia and other Pacific countries provided essential services to the country after the inter-ethnic violence from 1999 to 2003. He was charged with having participated in the earlier riots which had led to the fall of the Rini government. He was released after several months, reportedly on medical grounds, but did not retain his position in government after June; Sogavare "was forced to replace [him] after a backlash from local church and community leaders, as well as foreign aid donors". Ne'e remained in gaol during the entirety of his hypothetical time as government minister. The charges were eventually dropped, for lack of evidence. A Cabinet leak, however, alleged that Sogavare had exerted influence to have the charged against Ne'e called off. In 2011, Ne'e sued for malicious prosecution, alleging that the charges against him had been politically motivated, instigated by Australian police due to his "anti-RAMSI views". His case was delayed when his barrister was convicted of criminal conversion. The case was ongoing as of early 2012; there is no accessible record of it having ultimately been decided.On 5 December 2007, Sogavare appointed Ne'e as Minister for Home Affairs. The appointment was short-lived; the Sogavare government was brought down by a motion of no confidence on 20 December.Ne'e was a single term MP, and did not retain his seat in the August 2010 general election.Ne'e died circa March 13, 2013, at the age of 59, "after suffering a long illness".

New Zealand General Service Medal 2002 (Solomon Islands)

The New Zealand General Service Medal 2002 (Solomon Islands) (NZGSM 2002 (Sol)) was a New Zealand campaign medal for service in the Solomon Islands. The medal was awarded for service during Operation Purple Haze 1 and 2, Operation Zephyr, and the International Peace Monitoring Team from 2000 to 2002 and with the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) from 2003 to 2013.

Nick Warner

Nicholas Peter Warner (born 22 May 1950 in Singapore) is an Australian diplomat, intelligence official, public servant, and the Director-General of the Office of National Intelligence since 20 December 2018.Warner served as the Director-General of the Office of National Assessments from December 2017 to December 2018, the Director-General Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS) from August 2009 to December 2017, and the Secretary of the Australian Department of Defence from December 2006 to August 2009. He is best known and highly respected for his role in "RAMSI" as the Special Coordinator of the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands.

Outline of Solomon Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Solomon Islands:

Solomon Islands is a sovereign Melanesian island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean south-east of Papua New Guinea. The country is composed of nearly one thousand islands of the Solomon Islands archipelago, which cover a total land area of 27,540 square kilometres (10,630 sq mi). The capital is Honiara, located on the island of Guadalcanal.

The Solomon Islands archipelago is believed to have been inhabited by Melanesian people for thousands of years. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred in the Solomon Islands campaign of 1942–45, including the Battle of Guadalcanal. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. The country is a Commonwealth realm.

The historical North Solomon Islands covered Bougainville Island, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, the Shortlands and Ontong Java and were largely under German control until 1900. The southern Solomon Islands, which included Guadalcanal, the Nggelas, Gizo, Kolombangara, Marovo Island, Mborokua, New Georgia, Vella Lavella, Vangunu, Rennell, Bellona, Makira, Malaita, Temotu and a number of associated smaller islands were under British control and in 1893 became the British Solomon Islands Protectorate. In 1945, Bougainville, and some associated minor islands, were transferred away from the protectorate to Australian administration and then in 1970 became a part of Papua New Guinea. The remainder stayed under the protectorate until independence in 1978 at which point they were officially named Solomon Islands. All of the north and south Solomon Islands taken together are generally referred to as the Solomon Islands to distinguish them from the nation state of Solomon Islands.

Since 1998, ethnic violence, government misconduct, and crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003 an Australian-led "multinational" force, the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias.

Royal Solomon Islands Police Force

The Royal Solomon Islands Police Force (RSIPF) is the national police force of Solomon Islands and in January 2015 had an establishment of approximately 1,153 officers and 43 police stations across the country.

The Solomon Islands has no military organisation with this provided in the past by the abolished paramilitary wing of the RSIPF known as the Police Field Force (later Special Task and Rescue). The Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) is planned to withdraw in June 2017 handing full control over to the RSPIF.

Snyder Rini

Snyder Rini (born 27 July 1948) is a Solomon Islands politician who was briefly the eighth Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands from April to May 2006 and was Minister for Finance and Treasury from December 2007 to November 2017. He has represented Marovo Constituency in National Parliament since 1997.

Rini was Permanent Secretary for the Ministry for Natural Resources in 1989 and was Chairman of Solomon Islands National Provident Fund from 1990 to 1996. He was also Permanent Secretary for the Ministry of National Planning and Development from 1994 to 1995 and Permanent Secretary for the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries from January 1997 to June 1997. He was first elected to the National Parliament in the August 1997 election. Under Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare, he served as Minister of Finance and Treasury from July 2000 to December 2001. Re-elected to Parliament in December 2001, he became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for National Planning & Development in that month; after one year, he became Deputy Prime Minister Minister for Finance and Treasury in December 2002, and he then became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Education and Human Resources Development in mid-2003, remaining in that post until April 2006.Rini was re-elected to his seat in the April 2006 parliamentary election. Rini's subsequent election as Prime Minister by Parliament on 18 April 2006 caused riots as some claimed the election was fixed and that Rini's government would be unduly influenced by local Chinese businessmen and one or both of the mainland China and Republic of China (Taiwan) governments. Originally to be sworn in as Prime Minister on 19 April, this was delayed until the following day because of the riots and conducted without prior notice so as to avoid triggering further violence. In response to the violence, extra Australian, New Zealand and Fijian police and defence personnel were dispatched as part of the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands to try to enable his new government to regain control.

On 26 April, Rini resigned immediately before facing a motion of no confidence in Parliament. The news of his resignation caused celebrations in the streets of Honiara. His successor, Manasseh Sogavare, took office on 4 May 2006, defeating Rini's Deputy Prime Minister, Fred Fono, in the vote to replace Rini.

Fono, as Leader of the Opposition, named Rini as Shadow Minister of National Planning and Aid Coordination on 16 May 2006. After Sogavare was defeated in a no-confidence vote in December 2007, Rini became Minister for Finance and Treasury under Prime Minister Derek Sikua on 21 December 2007.Following the replacement of Manasseh Sogavare as Prime Minister by Rick Houenipwela on 15 November 2017, Sogavare became Finance Minister, and Rini does not currently hold a portfolio.

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