Red-Greens (Sweden)

The Red-Greens (Swedish: De rödgröna[1]) is an umbrella term which refers to the three left-wing political parties of Sweden; the Social Democrats, the Left Party and the Green Party.

The term 'red-greens' originates from the launch of a left-wing political and electoral alliance between the parties on 7 December 2008.[2] This alliance, which was largely based on the Norwegian Red-Green Coalition,[3] consisted of the Social Democrats, the Green Party and the Left Party which were in opposition to the centre-right Alliance coalition government. The three component parties of the Red-Greens, which faced the voters as three separate parties in the 2010 general election, aimed to reach agreements on significant areas of policy before the election. The parties aimed to achieve a majority in the following Swedish general election on 19 September 2010, in an unsuccessful bid to form a coalition government. The Red-Green pact was put to a pause on 26 October 2010,[4] and was completely dissolved (according to a spokesperson for the Green Party) on 26 November.[5]

The Red-Greens

De Rödgröna
Social Democrats
(Full member)
Stefan Löfven
Green Party
(Full member)
Isabella Lövin
Gustav Fridolin
Left Party (Collaborating)
(not a member)
Jonas Sjöstedt
Founded7 December 2008
2014 (revived)
IdeologySocial democracy (S)
Green politics (MP)
Socialism (V)
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing
ColoursRed, Green
144 / 349
Pressträff Mikaela Valtersson och Thomas Östros
Mikaela Valtersson (Green) and Thomas Östros (Social Democrat) present the two parties' joint 2009 shadow budget in October 2008. At this stage the Left Party was not yet part of the cooperation.


The Red-Greens as a political alliance was revived following the 2014 general election, in the form of a coalition government - the Löfven Cabinet. The government consisted of the Social Democrats and Greens and was supported in the Riksdag by the Left Party. The three parties won 144 out of 349 Riksdag seats in the 2018 general election; 100 Social Democrat and 16 Green with the support of 28 Left.[6]


Rödgröna kungsträdgården
The leaders/spokespersons of the parties in Kungsträdgården, Stockholm, 2010. From left to right: Eriksson, Ohly, Wetterstrand and Sahlin.

The coalition consists of two parties and one supporting non-member;




The Red-Greens took their cue from the centre-right Alliance, the co-operation between four centre-right parties which is considered to have contributed to these parties' success in the 2006 general election. The cooperation represented a significant development since the Social Democrats, especially the party leadership of Mona Sahlin, previously have been sceptical about too close a co-operation with the Left Party, which was officially a Communist Party until 1990. The Social Democratic minority government led by Göran Persson before the 2006 election had much closer cooperation with the Green Party than with the Left Party.

In October 2008 a deeper co-operation between the Social Democrats and the Green Party was announced, and a common shadow budget for 2009 was presented. In December 2008, the Left Party was included in the co-operation and the Red-Greens was launched.

In the 2010 election, the Red-Greens lost 22 seats in comparison with 2006 elections. The Social Democrats lost 5%, thus scoring their worst result since 1914. The Green Party made a significant transformation from the smallest elected party to the third largest party during the term, overtaking the Left Party, the Christian Democrats, the Liberals and the Centre Party.

The Red-Green pact lost in 2010 elections and was put on pause on 26 October 2010,[4] and completely dissolved (according to a spokesperson for the Green Party) on 26 November.[5]

In the 2014 election, The Social Democrats were the largest party, but they didn’t have enough seats to form a majority, prompting them to make a deal with the Green Party in order to form a coalition. They sought support from the Left Party, reviving the alliance between the Social Democrats and The Greens. A minority government, the coalition which only held 138 out of 349 seats depended on the support from the Left Party and the opposing Alliance parties.

The Red-Greens participated together in 2018 election, receiving 144 seats.[9] This is the worst result of the left-wing parties since 1914.

Election results

Parliament (Riksdag)

Election # of
overall seats won
+/- Government
154 / 349
Decrease 14 in opposition
201 / 349
Increase 47 Social Democrat minority
190 / 349
Decrease 11 Social Democrat minority
191 / 349
Increase 1 Social Democrat minority
171 / 349
Decrease 20 in opposition
156 / 349
Decrease 15 in opposition
159 / 349
Increase 3 Social Democrat and Green minority
144 / 349
Decrease 15 Social Democrat and Green minority

See also


  1. ^ Kärrman, Jens; Stiernstedt, Jenny (8 December 2008). "Namnet är spikat". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 December 2008.
  2. ^ Landes, David (7 December 2008). "Opposition parties to build coalition". The Local. Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå. Retrieved 11 December 2008.
  3. ^ Iversen, Ivar A. (4 July 2009). "Norskesuget". Dagsavisen. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ a b, in Swedish
  6. ^ "Valresultat för Riksdagsvalet: Sverige". (in Swedish). Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Så har Feministiskt initiativ styrt i Stockhom". SVT (in Swedish). 23 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Fi siktar på riksdagen – Gita Nabavi ny partiledare". SVT (in Swedish). 24 February 2018.
  9. ^
Alliance (Sweden)

The Alliance (Swedish: Alliansen), formerly the Alliance for Sweden (Allians för Sverige), was a centre-right liberal conservative political alliance in Sweden.

The Alliance consisted of the four centre-right political parties in the Riksdag. The Alliance was formed while in opposition, and later achieved a majority government in the 2006 general election and a minority government in the 2010 general election, governing Sweden from 2006 to 2014 with Fredrik Reinfeldt of the Moderate Party serving as Prime Minister of Sweden until 2014. The Alliance was co-chaired by every component party's individual leaders.

After defeat in 2014, the Moderate Party's parliamentary group leader Anna Kinberg Batra announced to the Riksdag that the political alliance "would operate in opposition".

On 11 January 2019, during the 2018-19 Swedish government formation, the Centre and Liberals agreed to tolerate a social democratic government - allowing Stefan Löfven to continue serving as Prime Minister. Both Ulf Kristersson and Ebba Busch Thor denounced the agreement, with Busch Thor calling the Alliance "a closed chapter".

Red green

Red green may refer to:

In politics:

Red-green alliance, an alliance of "red" social democratic or democratic socialist parties with "green" environmentalist parties

Islamo-Leftism a political alliance of leftist (red) and Islamist (green) political movements

Red-Green Alliance (Denmark), a Revolutionary socialist and environmentalist political party in Denmark

Red-Green Coalition, a centre-left coalition of Norwegian left-wing and environmentalist parties

Red-Greens (Sweden), a cooperation of red (leftist) and green (environmentalist) political parties in Sweden

Eco-socialism, an ideology merging aspects of Marxism, socialism, green politics, ecology and alter-globalizationIn entertainment:

Red Green (ice hockey) (1899–1966), Canadian professional ice hockey left winger

The Red Green Show (1991–2006), a Canadian television comedy

Steve Smith (comedian), Canadian comedian who portrayed Red Green on The Red Green ShowOther uses:

Red–green color blindness, the inability to perceive differences between some of the colors that others can distinguish

RG color space, a color space that uses only two colors, red and green

In government position
Related organisations
History and related topics
Party leaders
In office
History, ideology och cooperation

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