Red-Greens (Sweden)

The Red-Greens (Swedish: De rödgröna[1]) is an umbrella term which refers to the three centre-left and left-wing political parties of Sweden; the Social Democrats, the Left Party and the Green Party.

The term 'red-greens' originates from the launch of a left-wing political and electoral alliance between the parties on 7 December 2008.[2] This alliance, which was largely based on the Norwegian Red-Green Coalition,[3] consisted of the Social Democrats, the Green Party and the Left Party which were in opposition to the centre-right Alliance coalition government. The three component parties of the Red-Greens, which faced the voters as three separate parties in the 2010 general election, aimed to reach agreements on significant areas of policy before the election. The parties aimed to achieve a majority in the following Swedish general election on 19 September 2010, in an unsuccessful bid to form a coalition government. The Red-Green pact was put to a pause on 26 October 2010,[4] and was completely dissolved (according to a spokesperson for the Green Party) on 26 November.[5]

The Red-Greens
De Rödgröna
Social Democrats
(Full member)
Stefan Löfven
Green Party
(Full member)
Isabella Lövin
Gustav Fridolin
Left Party (Collaborating)
(not a member)
Jonas Sjöstedt
Founded 7 December 2008
2014 (revived)
Ideology Social democracy (S)
Green politics (MP)
Socialism (V)
Political position Centre-left to left-wing
Colours Red, Green
Parliament
144 / 349
Collaboration
28 / 349
Presstr%C3%A4ff Mikaela Valtersson och Thomas %C3%96stros
Mikaela Valtersson (Green) and Thomas Östros (Social Democrat) present the two parties' joint 2009 shadow budget in October 2008. At this stage the Left Party was not yet part of the cooperation.

Revival

The Red-Greens as a political alliance was revived following the 2014 general election, in the form of a coalition government - the Löfven Cabinet. The government consisted of the Social Democrats and Greens and was supported in the Riksdag by the Left Party. The three parties won 144 out of 349 Riksdag seats in the 2018 general election; 100 Social Democrat and 16 Green with the support of 28 Left.[6]

Parties

R%C3%B6dgr%C3%B6na kungstr%C3%A4dg%C3%A5rden
The leaders/spokespersons of the parties in Kungsträdgården, Stockholm, 2010. From left to right: Eriksson, Ohly, Wetterstrand and Sahlin.

The coalition consists of two parties and one supporting non-member;

Membership

Other

Background

The Red-Greens took their cue from the centre-right Alliance, the co-operation between four centre-right parties which is considered to have contributed to these parties' success in the 2006 general election. The cooperation represented a significant development since the Social Democrats, especially the party leadership of Mona Sahlin, previously have been sceptical about too close a co-operation with the Left Party, which was officially a Communist Party until 1990. The Social Democratic minority government led by Göran Persson before the 2006 election had much closer cooperation with the Green Party than with the Left Party.

In October 2008 a deeper co-operation between the Social Democrats and the Green Party was announced, and a common shadow budget for 2009 was presented. In December 2008, the Left Party was included in the co-operation and the Red-Greens was launched.

In the 2010 election, the Red-Greens lost 22 seats in comparison with 2006 elections. The Social Democrats lost 5%, thus scoring their worst result since 1914. The Green Party made a significant transformation from the smallest elected party to the third largest party during the term, overtaking the Left Party, the Christian Democrats, the Liberals and the Centre Party.

The Red-Green pact lost in 2010 elections and was put on pause on 26 October 2010,[4] and completely dissolved (according to a spokesperson for the Green Party) on 26 November.[5]

In the 2014 election, The Social Democrats were the largest party, but they didn’t have enough seats to form a majority, prompting them to make a deal with the Green Party in order to form a coalition. They sought support from the Left Party, reviving the alliance between the Social Democrats and The Greens. A minority government, the coalition which only held 138 out of 349 seats depended on the support from the Left Party and the opposing Alliance parties.

The Red-Greens participated together in 2018 election, receiving 144 seats.[9] This is the worst result of the left-wing parties since 1914.

Election results

Parliament (Riksdag)

Election # of
overall seats won
+/- Government
1991
154 / 349
in opposition
1994
201 / 349
Increase 47 Social Democrat minority
1998
190 / 349
Decrease 11 Social Democrat minority
2002
191 / 349
Increase 1 Social Democrat minority
2006
171 / 349
Decrease 20 in opposition
2010
156 / 349
Decrease 15 in opposition
2014
159 / 349
Increase 3 Social Democrat and Green minority
2018
144 / 349
Decrease 15 TBD

See also

References

  1. ^ Kärrman, Jens; Stiernstedt, Jenny (8 December 2008). "Namnet är spikat". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 December 2008.
  2. ^ Landes, David (7 December 2008). "Opposition parties to build coalition". The Local. Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå. Retrieved 11 December 2008.
  3. ^ Iversen, Ivar A. (4 July 2009). "Norskesuget". Dagsavisen. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  4. ^ a b http://www.thelocal.se/29832/20101026/
  5. ^ a b http://www.dn.se/nyheter/politik/det-borde-bara-ha-varit-vi-och-s-1.1216242, in Swedish
  6. ^ "Valresultat för Riksdagsvalet: Sverige". valresultat.svt.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  7. ^ "Så har Feministiskt initiativ styrt i Stockhom". SVT (in Swedish). 23 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Fi siktar på riksdagen – Gita Nabavi ny partiledare". SVT (in Swedish). 24 February 2018.
  9. ^ https://valresultat.svt.se/2018/

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