Recklinghausen (German pronunciation: [ˌʁɛklɪŋˈhaʊzn̩] (listen)) is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district. It borders the rural Münsterland and is characterized by large fields and farms in the north and industry in the south. Recklinghausen is the 60th-largest city in Germany and the 22nd-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Town Hall of Recklinghausen.
Coat of arms
Location of Recklinghausen within Recklinghausen district
|• Mayor||Christoph Tesche (CDU)|
|• Total||66.4 km2 (25.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||85 m (279 ft)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Website||www.recklinghausen.de (in German)|
First mentioned in 1017 as Ricoldinchuson, in 1150 the city was the center of the surrounding Vest Recklinghausen. In 1236, the city of Recklinghausen received town privileges. There is record of Jews in the city as early as 1305. As part of the County of Vest, ownership of Recklinghausen changed several times in the 15th and 16th century, and in 1576, the entire county was pawned to the Elector of Cologne. In 1582-83, again in 1586, and again in 1587, the city was plundered by partisan armies during the Cologne War, a feud over religious parity in Electorate of Cologne and electoral influence in the Holy Roman Empire.
Recklinghausen was also the site of more than 100 witchcraft trials (1514–1710). The trial activity reached a climax twice: In the time period of 1580/81 and again in 1588/89. The last person to be convicted of witchcraft was Anna Spickermann; after spending 16 months in prison, she was sentenced to death by sword and burned afterward.
Circa 1600, the administration of the Vest Recklinghausen was divided into two parts, with the eastern part administered by Recklinghausen. The town of Recklinghausen including the parish of Recklinghausen and the parishes Ahsen, Datteln, Flaesheim, Hamm-Bossendorf, Henrichenburg, Herten, Horneburg, Oer, Suderwich, Waltrop and Westerholt. Circa 1815, the Vest was made a Bürgermeisterei, with the town becoming the seat. In 1819, Herten joined the Recklinghausen Bürgermeisterei, and Erkenschwick followed in 1821.
As a target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, oil production at Recklinghausen/Forstezung was bombed by the RAF on 15 January 1945; and South Recklinghausen (Recklinghausen Süd) was captured by the US 137th Infantry on 1 April 1945.
Recklinghausen is home to a museum of icons, which includes more than 1,000 Orthodox works from Russia, Greece and the Balkan countries, as well as early Coptic Christian art from Egypt. The icon museum - the largest outside the Orthodox world - was founded in 1956 and reopened after renovation in February 2006 for its 50th anniversary.
The Ruhrfestpielhaus, whose remodeling in 2001 won the German Architecture Award is home of "Die Liegende Nr 5", a famous sculpture by Henry Moore. At the Lohtor in front of a memorial for the victims of World War I, there is a large sculpture made of more than 30,000 bricks by Per Kirkeby.
Recklinghausen hosts the annual Ruhrfestspiele, a cultural festival with an international reputation. Every year there is a cultural programme with many national and international theatrical productions starting on 1 May. In 2008 the programme included the play Speed the Plow starring Kevin Spacey and Jeff Goldblum as one of the major productions. The main theatrical stage is the Ruhrfestspielhaus but other theatres in and around Recklinghausen participate.
The two major motorways crossing the area of the city are the A2 and the A43. The city is connected to the larger waterways by the Rhein-Herne-Kanal. Recklinghausen has two railway stations. The Central Station (Recklinghausen Hauptbahnhof), which is served by Intercity and EuroCity services, and the South Station (Recklinghausen Südbahnhof).
Bernd Heidicker (born 5 April 1978 in Recklinghausen) is a German rower.Bundesautobahn 43
Bundesautobahn 43 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 43, short form Autobahn 43, abbreviated as BAB 43 or A 43) is an autobahn in western Germany, connecting Münster via Recklinghausen to Wuppertal. It is an important bypass for traffic coming from the A 1 wanting to go to the western Ruhr valley and wanting to avoid tailbacks at the Kamener Kreuz near Dortmund.Castrop-Rauxel
Castrop-Rauxel (German pronunciation: [ˈkastʁɔpˈʁaʊksəl]) is a former mining city in the eastern part of the Ruhr Area in Germany.Christoph Korte
Christoph Korte (born 28 December 1965) is a German rower. He competed in the men's coxed four event at the 1988 Summer Olympics.Datteln
Datteln is a town in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated on a crossroads of four canals (Datteln-Hamm Canal, Wesel-Datteln Canal, Dortmund-Ems Canal and Rhein-Herne Canal), which makes it the biggest canal junction in the World, approx. 10 km north-east of Recklinghausen and 20 km north-west of Dortmund.
Katja Seizinger, former alpine skier and triple Olympic gold medallist, was born in Datteln.Dorsten
Dorsten (German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʁstən]; Westphalian: Dössen) is a town in the district of Recklinghausen in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and has a population of about 75,000.
Dorsten is situated on the western rim of Westphalia bordering the Rhineland. Its historical old town lies on the south bank of the river Lippe and the Wesel–Datteln Canal and was granted city rights in 1251. During the twentieth century, the town was enlarged in its north by the villages of the former Herrlichkeit Lembeck. While Dorsten's northern districts are thus shaped by the rural Münsterland with its many historical castles, just south of the town the Ruhr region begins, Germany's largest urban agglomeration with more than seven million inhabitants.
The exact linguistic derivation of the word "Dorsten" is unknown, leaving the meaning of the town's name unclear.Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen
Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen (German: [ˈʁɛklɪŋhaʊzən]; 2 December 1833 – 26 August 1910) was a German pathologist born in Gütersloh, Westphalia. He was the father of physiologist Heinrich von Recklinghausen (1867–1942).Haltern am See
Haltern am See (Haltern at the lake, before December 2001 only Haltern) is a town and a municipality in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated on the Lippe and the Wesel–Datteln Canal, approx. 15 kilometres (9 miles) north of Recklinghausen.
The town is about 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Düsseldorf.Herten
Herten is a town and a municipality in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated in the industrial Ruhr Area, some 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Recklinghausen.
Herten was the seat of the governors of the County of Vest Recklinghausen, an autonomous state within the Archbishopric of Cologne.
Its best known sights are the moated red brick castle of Schloss Herten, dating back to the 14th century, and the "altes Dorf Westerholt" (Westerholt old village) with its many historic half-timbered houses.Marl, North Rhine-Westphalia
Marl is a town and a municipality in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated near the Wesel-Datteln Canal, approx. 10 km north-west of Recklinghausen. It has about 90,000 people.Moguai
André Tegeler (born 9 August 1973 Recklinghausen, Germany), known by his stage name Moguai (stylised as MOGUAI) is a German music producer and DJ from Marl. In the early 1990s, Tegeler took the alias Moguai and began organising his own club nights and parties in Ruhrgebiet and Münsterland. He became one of the very first techno DJs in Germany, sharing a platform with the likes of Paul van Dyk, Westbam and Sven Väth. In more recent years, however, Moguai’s sound has developed to include a combination of tech-house, progressive house, big beat and electro house. He has also worked in more mainstream areas of the music industry, producing for the likes of the Sugababes, Girls Aloud and 2Raumwohnung, which earned him double platinum and gold disc awards.
Moguai is one of the most successful German DJs on the international stage, playing in clubs such as Womb (Tokyo), Razzmatazz (Barcelona), Monday Social (L.A.) NRG (Amsterdam), Bed Bangkok (Thailand), Mansion (Miami), Supermarket (Zurich), Club Volume (Seoul) and Zouk (Singapore). He also has a huge festival presence, having played at the likes of Sunburn (Goa), EDC (Las Vegas), Summer Days Festival Tour (Australia), Kaballah (São Paulo), Nature One (Kastellaun), Parookaville (Weeze) and Tomorrowland (Belgium).Neurofibromatosis type I
Neurofibromatosis type I (NF-1) is a complex multi-system human disorder caused by the mutation of a gene on chromosome 17 that is responsible for production of a protein called neurofibromin which is needed for normal function in many human cell types. NF-1 causes tumors along the nervous system which can grow anywhere on the body. NF-1 is one of the most common genetic disorders and is not limited to any person's race or sex. NF-1 is an autosomal dominant disorder which means that mutation or deletion of one copy (or allele) of the NF-1 gene is sufficient for the development of NF-1, although presentation varies widely.
As of 2015, there are at least 100,000 people in the U.S. and about 15,000 people in the UK who have been diagnosed with NF. Common symptoms of NF-1 include brownish-red spots in the colored part of the eye called Lisch nodules, benign skin tumors called neurofibromas, and larger benign tumors of nerves called plexiform neurofibromas, scoliosis (curvature of the spine), learning disabilities, vision disorders, mental disabilities, multiple café au lait spots and epilepsy. NF-1 affected individuals also have a much higher rate of cancer and cardiovascular disease than the population in general.
NF-1 is a developmental syndrome caused by germline mutations in neurofibromin, a gene that is involved in the RAS pathway (RASopathy). Due to its rarity and to the fact that genetic diagnosis has been used only in recent years, in the past NF-1 was in some cases confused with Legius syndrome, another syndrome with vaguely similar symptoms, including cafe-au-lait spots.NF-1 is an age specific disease; most signs of NF-1 are visible after birth (during infancy), but many symptoms of NF-1 occur as the person ages and has hormonal changes. NF-1 was formerly known as von Recklinghausen disease, after the researcher (Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen) who first documented the disorder.The severity of NF-1 varies widely, and little is known about what causes a person to have a more severe or less severe case. Even within the same family (as there is a 50% chance that a parent will pass their condition to their offspring), levels of severity can vary enormously. However, 60% of people with NF-1 have mild cases, with few symptoms that have very little effect in their day-to-day lives. 20% of NF-1 patients have moderate cases, with several symptoms that have little more than cosmetic effects. The other 20% have severe cases with several symptoms that affect the person's quality of life. Even in this last group, symptoms are rarely life-threatening.Oer-Erkenschwick
Oer-Erkenschwick is a town in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated approximately 5 km north-east of Recklinghausen, on the northern periphery of the Ruhrgebiet. When pronouncing the name, “Oer” should be pronounced like the German Ohr, not Ör.Recklinghausen (district)
Recklinghausen (German pronunciation: [ʁɛklɪŋˈhaʊzən]) is a Kreis (district) in the centre of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is surrounded by the neighbouring districts of Borken, Coesfeld, Unna, Gelsenkirchen, Bottrop, and Wesel. The district administration is located in the city of the same name.
Apart from the Region Hannover, Kreis Recklingshausen is the largest non-city district in Germany by population.Recklinghausen Hauptbahnhof
Recklinghausen Hauptbahnhof is a railway station for the city of Recklinghausen in Germany.Ruhrfestspiele
Ruhrfestspiele (Ruhr Festival) in Recklinghausen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, is one of the oldest theatre festivals in Europe. Founded after World War II, the festival is a major annual cultural event for the Ruhr area. It always starts on 1 May and is funded by the city of Recklinghausen and the labour union Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB). The festival comprises performances from European performers and theatre companies, and aims to bring different art forms, languages and cultures together. The main venue is the Ruhrfestspielhaus, which has won awards for its architecture.S2 (Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn)
Line S2 is a S-Bahn line in the Rhein-Ruhr network. It starts in Dortmund Hauptbahnhof and runs westerly. During weekdays one service per hour runs each to Duisburg Hauptbahnhof, Essen Hauptbahnhof and Recklinghausen Hauptbahnhof using class 422 electric multiple units. In the evenings and on weekends, only services to Duisburg and Essen are offered.Line S2 runs over lines built by various railway companies:
from Dortmund Hauptbahnhof to Dortmund-Mengede over a line opened by Deutsche Bundesbahn on 2 June 1991, largely using part of the track bed of the Welver–Sterkrade railway, built by the Royal Westphalian Railway Company on 1 September 1878.
from Dortmund-Mengede to Duisburg via Herne station and Gelsenkirchen Hauptbahnhof over the Duisburg–Dortmund Railway opened by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company in 1847,
from Gelsenkirchen to Essen over the Essen–Gelsenkirchen railway, opened from Gelsenkirchen to Essen-Kray Nord by the Rhenish Railway Company in 1872 and from Essen-Kray Nord to Essen by the Prussian state railways in 1905,
from Herne to Recklinghausen over tracks competed in October 1901 by Deutsche Reichsbahn and the Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway opened by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company in 1870.S-Bahn services commenced between Dortmund and Duisburg on 2 June 1991. Services commenced between Dortmund and Essen on 29 September 1991. Services commenced between Dortmund and Recklinghausen on 24 May 1998.Vest Recklinghausen
Vest Recklinghausen was an ecclesiastical territory in the Holy Roman Empire, located in the center of today's North Rhine-Westphalia. The rivers Emscher and Lippe formed the border with the County of Mark and Essen Abbey in the south, and to the Bishopric of Münster in the north. In the east, a fortification secured the border with Dortmund and in the west it was bordered by the Duchy of Cleves.
Today Vest Recklinghausen is part of the district of Recklinghausen, with parts of Gelsenkirchen, Oberhausen and Bottrop now added to the administration of Vest Recklinghausen. The term Vest, which denotes a type of judicial district, is still used locally, for instance by both a local radio station and museum.Waltrop
Waltrop is a town in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated on the Datteln-Hamm Canal, approximately 15 km east of Recklinghausen and 15 km north-west of Dortmund.
Cities in Germany by population
Members of the Hanseatic League by quarter
Towns and municipalities in Recklinghausen (district)