Rear admiral (Royal Navy)

Rear admiral (RAdm) is a flag officer rank of the British Royal Navy. It is immediately superior to commodore and is subordinate to vice admiral. It is a two-star rank and has a NATO ranking code of OF-7.

Rear admiral
Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy
Flag of a Rear admiral, Royal Navy.
British Royal Navy OF-7-collected
Insignia shoulder board and Sleeve lace for Rear admiral
Country United Kingdom
Service branch
AbbreviationRADM
RankTwo-star
NATO rankOF-7
Non-NATO rank7
Next higher rankVice Admiral
Next lower rankCommodore
Equivalent ranksMajor-general, United Kingdom

History

The rank originated in the days of naval sailing squadrons and each naval squadron would be assigned an admiral as its head. He would command from the centre vessel and direct the activities of the squadron. The admiral would in turn be assisted by a vice admiral, who commanded the lead ships which would bear the brunt of a naval battle. In the rear of the naval squadron, a third admiral would command the remaining ships and, as this section of the squadron was considered to be in the least danger, the admiral in command of the rear would typically be the most junior of the squadron admirals. This has survived into the modern age, with the rank of rear admiral the most-junior of the admiralty ranks of many navies. Prior to 1864 the Royal Navy was divided into colored squadrons which determined his career path. The command flags flown by Rear-Admiral changed a number of times during this period included.[1]

The Royal Navy rank of rear admiral should be distinguished from the office of Rear-Admiral of the United Kingdom, which is an Admiralty position usually held by a senior (and possibly retired) "full" admiral.

Rank insignia and personal flag

Royal Navy rear admiral sleeve insignia

Royal Navy rear admiral shoulder board

Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy

Royal Navy rear admiral command flag from 1864-present

UK-Navy-OF7-shoulder (former)

Royal Navy rear admiral shoulder board prior to 2001[2]

World War II Royal Navy rear admiral's steel helmet

World War II Royal Navy rear admiral's steel helmet with two-star insignia

See also

References

  1. ^ Perrin, W. G. (William Gordon) (1922). "IV:Flags of Command". British flags, their early history, and their development at sea; with an account of the origin of the flag as a national device. Cambridge, England: Cambridge : The University Press. pp. 73–109.
  2. ^ Refer UK DCI (Joint Service) 125/2001

Sources

  • Perrin, W. G. (William Gordon) (1922). "IV:Flags of Command". British flags, their early history, and their development at sea; with an account of the origin of the flag as a national device. Cambridge, England: Cambridge : The University Press.
Berry (surname)

Berry is an English and a French surname.

Berry surname in jewish history:

When King Edward I of England expelled the Jews from England. They emigrated to countries such as Poland which protected them by law. A small English community persisted in hiding despite the expulsion.

In 1656, Oliver Cromwell made it clear that the ban on Jewish settlement in England and Wales would no longer be enforced, although when Rabbi Manasseh Ben Israel brought a petition to allow Jews to return, the majority of the Protectorate Government turned it down. Gradually Jews eased back into England, first visiting for trade, then staying longer periods, and finally bringing their families.

Jews in places like Poland and England (apart from a handful of ultra-Orthodox isolationists in places like Stamford Hill) generally embraced their integration into wider English culture. And unlike their American counterparts, British Jews anglicised their names and their customs, starting youth movements like the Jewish Lads Brigade in emulation of the British Scouts

Some of the first british jewish families that arrived to USA, had "berry" as surname and the origins comes from Polish (eastern Ashkenazic) "Jagoda" is the Russian for "berry"(anglicised. As a Jewish family name, it is one of the Slavic variants of the Hebrew biblical male proper name Yehuda (in English, Judah)

Some other jewish variants of "Berry" surname are Perry, Berryman, Barry, etc.

Notable people with the surname include:

Albert Berry (disambiguation), several people

Alexander Berry (1781–1873), Scottish surgeon, merchant and explorer after whom the Australian town is named

Amanda Berry (born 1986), among the 2013 Cleveland, Ohio, missing trio of women

Sir Anthony Berry (1925–1984), British politician

Arthur Berry, several people

Bertrand Berry, American NFL football player

Bill Berry (born 1958), former drummer for the band R.E.M.

Bill Berry (trumpeter) (1930–2002), American jazz trumpeter

Bob Berry (cricketer) (1926–2006), English cricketer

Bob Berry (dendrologist), founder of Hackfalls arboretum, Tiniroto New Zealand

Bruce Berry (1950–1973), American roadie, subject of the title song from Neil Young's 1975 album Tonight's the Night

D. Bruce Berry (1924-1998), comic book artist

Chuck Berry (1926–2017), American musician and songwriter

Cicely Berry (1926–2018), British theatre director and vocal coach

Clarence Berry (1867–1930), American miner and oilman

Danielle Bunten Berry (1949–1998), computer game designer

David Berry (disambiguation), several people

Dennis Berry (director) (born 1944), American film director, actor and screenwriter

Edward Berry (1768–1831), Rear Admiral, Royal Navy

Edward Wilber Berry (1875–1945), American paleontologist and botanist

Edwin S. Berry (1845–1934), surveyor and explorer in the Northern Territory of Australia

Elizabeth Williams Berry (1854 - 1969), Australian-American jockey and horse trainer

Eric Berry American football player; Kansas City Chiefs strong safety

Eric Berry (actor) (1913–1993), British stage and film actor

Erick Berry (1892–1974), American writer, illustrator and editor

Evan Berry (born 1995), American football player

Frederick Berry (1949-2018), American politician

Fred Berry (1951–2003), U.S. actor

George Packer Berry (1898–1986), American medical educator

Gérard Berry, computer scientist

Graham Berry (1822–1904), Australian politician

Halle Berry (born 1966), U.S. actress

Jake Berry (born 1978), British politician

James Berry (disambiguation), several people

Jan Berry (1941–2004), American singer, musician, songwriter and record producer, one half of the duo Jan and Dean

Jarrod Berry (born 1998), Australian rules footballer

Joe Berry (second baseman) (1894–1976), Major League baseball player

Joe Berry (pitcher) (1904–1958), Major League baseball player

John Berry (disambiguation), several people

Joseph Flintoft Berry (1856–1931), Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church

Judith Berry (born 1961), Canadian painter

Keith Berry (musician) (born 1973), London-based musician and composer

Keith Berry (fighter) (born 1987), American mixed martial artist

Ken Berry (1933–2018), American actor, dancer and singer

Ken Berry (baseball) (born 1941), Major League baseball outfielder

Kevin Berry (1945–2006), Australian swimmer

Chu Berry (1908–1941), American jazz saxophonist

Lillian Gay Berry (1872-1962), first female professor at Indiana University

Marcellus Flemming Berry, inventor of the American Express Traveler's cheque

Martha Berry, founder of Berry College

Mary Berry (disambiguation), several people

Matt Berry, British actor, musician and writer

Matthew Berry (born 1969), American writer and fantasy sports analyst

Michael Berry (disambiguation), several people

Montgomery P. Berry, American government official

Orville F. Berry (1852–1921), American lawyer, business,and politician

Paula Berry (born 1969), American javelin thrower

Randy W. Berry (born 1965), American diplomat.

R. J. Berry (Robert James "Sam" Berry), British geneticist and Christian theorist

R. Stephen Berry (born 1931), Professor of physical chemistry

Randall Berry, American engineer

Richard Berry (disambiguation), several people

Robert Marion Berry, American politician

Rod Berry (1948–2013), American politician and lawyer

Ron Berry (1920–1997), Welsh writer

Samuel Stillman Berry (1887–1984), U.S. zoologist

Scott Berry, American college baseball coach

Sean Berry, former baseball player

Siân Berry, English politician

Sidney Bryan Berry (1926–2013), United States Army general

Thomas Berry, Catholic priest, historian, and self-described "earth scholar"

Tom Berry, Governor of South Dakota, U.S.

Tom Berry (1890–1943), English boxer of the 1910s, '20s and '30s

Tyrone Berry, English footballer

Walter Berry (basketball), U.S. basketball player

Walter Berry (bass-baritone) (1929–2000), Austrian opera singer

Wendell Berry, writer and poet

William Berry (disambiguation), several people

Collingwood College, Durham

Collingwood College is a college of Durham University in England. It is the second largest of Durham's undergraduate colleges with around 1100 students. Founded in 1972 as the first purpose-built, mixed-sex college in Durham, it is named after the mathematician Sir Edward Collingwood (1900–70), who was a former Chair of the Council of Durham University.

Elie and Earlsferry

Elie and Earlsferry is a coastal town and former royal burgh in Fife, and parish, Scotland, situated within the East Neuk beside Chapel Ness on the north coast of the Firth of Forth, eight miles east of Leven. The burgh comprised the linked villages of Elie ( EE-lee) and Earlsferry, which were formally merged in 1930 by the Local Government Act of 1929. To the north is the village of Kilconquhar and Loch of Kilconquhar.

The civil parish has a population of 861 (in 2011).A notable landmark is Lady's Tower, built in 1760 for Lady Janet Anstruther to use as a changing room prior to her morning bathing routine. She was the daughter of a Scottish merchant and renowned for her beauty and reputation as a flirt. Prior to her skinny dipping she sent out one of her servants into the town of Elie to advise local residents of her imminent skinny dipping so they would stay away from her private tower.

George V

George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

Born during the reign of his grandmother Queen Victoria, George was third in the line of succession behind his father, Prince Albert Edward, and his own elder brother, Prince Albert Victor. From 1877 to 1891, George served in the Royal Navy, until the unexpected death of his elder brother in early 1892 put him directly in line for the throne. On the death of his grandmother in 1901, George's father ascended the throne as Edward VII, and George was created Prince of Wales. He became king-emperor on his father's death in 1910.

George V's reign saw the rise of socialism, communism, fascism, Irish republicanism, and the Indian independence movement, all of which radically changed the political landscape. The Parliament Act 1911 established the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons over the unelected House of Lords. As a result of the First World War (1914–1918), the empires of his first cousins Nicholas II of Russia and Wilhelm II of Germany fell, while the British Empire expanded to its greatest effective extent. In 1917, George became the first monarch of the House of Windsor, which he renamed from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as a result of anti-German public sentiment. In 1924 he appointed the first Labour ministry and in 1931 the Statute of Westminster recognised the dominions of the Empire as separate, independent states within the Commonwealth of Nations. He had smoking-related health problems throughout much of his later reign and at his death was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII.

Hopwood (surname)

Hopwood is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Avery Hopwood, Depression era playwright

David Hopwood, British geneticist

John Hopwood, colonial-era settler of Western Pennsylvania

John Hopwood, English cricketer

Len Hopwood, English cricketer

Mererid Hopwood, Welsh Poet

Ronald Arthur Hopwood, Rear Admiral, Royal Navy (1868–1949)

Shon Hopwood, reformed bank robber and self-taught attorney

Leveson-Gower family

Leveson-Gower ( LEW-sən GOR), also Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, is the name of a powerful British noble family. Over time, several members of the Leveson-Gower family were made knights, baronets and peers. Hereditary titles held by the family include the dukedom of Sutherland, as well as the

ancient earldom of Sutherland (created c. 1230) and the earldom of Granville (created 1833). Several other members of the family have also risen to prominence.

List of titles and honours of George VI

King George VI received numerous decorations and honorary appointments, both during and before his time as monarch of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth. Each is listed below; where two dates are shown, the first indicated the date of receiving the award or title, and the second indicates the date of its loss or renunciation.

Major-general (United Kingdom)

Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. The rank was also briefly used by the Royal Air Force for a year and a half, from its creation to August 1919. In the British Army, a major general is the customary rank for the appointment of division commander. In the Royal Marines, the rank of major general is held by the Commandant General.

A major general is senior to a brigadier but subordinate to lieutenant general. The rank has a NATO rank code of OF-7, equivalent to a rear admiral in the Royal Navy or an air vice-marshal in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many Commonwealth countries.

The rank insignia is the star (or 'pip') of the Order of the Bath, over a crossed sword and baton.

In terms of orthography, compound ranks were invariably hyphenated, prior to about 1980. Nowadays the rank is almost equally invariably non-hyphenated.. When written as a title, especially before a person's name, both words of the rank are always capitalised, whether using the "traditional" hyphenated style of, say, the two World Wars, or the modern un-hyphenated style. When used as common nouns, they might be written in lower-case: "Major-General Montgomery was one of several major-generals to be promoted at this time."

Rear-Admiral, Reserve Aircraft

The Rear-Admiral, Reserve Aircraft also known as Rear-Admiral, (E) Reserve Aircraft was a senior Royal Navy appointment responsible for all administering all Naval Air Stations Reserve Aircraft, Aircraft Repair Yards and trials of Aircraft Carriers from 1949 to 1956.

Robert Joseph Willan

Robert Joseph Willan (10 January 1878 - 12 January 1955) was a British surgeon and academic.

Sir John Hope, 11th Baronet

Sir John Hope, 11th Baronet (13 April 1781 – 5 June 1853) was a Scottish aristocrat and politician.

Two-star rank

An officer of two-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO code of OF-7. The term is also used by some armed forces which are not NATO members. Typically, two-star officers hold the rank of rear admiral, counter admiral, major general, or in the case of those air forces with a separate rank structure, air vice-marshal.

NATO rank code Student officer OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6
*
OF-7
**
OF-8
***
OF-9
****
OF-10
*****
Royal Navy O Cdt Mid SLt Lt Lt Cdr Cdr Capt Cdre RAdm VAdm Adm Adm of the Fleet
Royal Marines O Cdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj-Gen Lt-Gen Gen Capt-Gen
Army O Cdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj-Gen Lt-Gen Gen Fd Mshl
Royal Air Force Off Cdt / SO APO / Plt Off Fg Off Flt Lt Sqn Ldr Wg Cdr Gp Capt Air Cdre AVM Air Mshl Air Chf Mshl Mshl of the RAF
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