Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk

The Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk is a twin-engined jet aircraft used by the United States Air Force for advanced pilot training. T-1A students go on to fly airlift and tanker aircraft. The T-400 is a similar version for the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.

T-1 Jayhawk / T-400
T-1A Jayhawk
Role Trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Raytheon
Hawker Beechcraft
First flight 5 July 1991[1]
Introduction 17 January 1992
Status Active service
Primary users United States Air Force
Japan Air Self-Defense Force
Produced 1992–1997
Number built 180
Unit cost
US$4.1 million (2005)[2]
Developed from Beechjet/Hawker 400A

Design and development

The T-1A Jayhawk is a medium-range, twin-engine jet trainer used in the advanced phase of Air Force Joint Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training for students selected to fly strategic/tactical airlift or tanker aircraft. It is used also for training Air Force Combat Systems Officers in high and low level flight procedures during the advanced phase of training. It also augmented or served in lieu of the T-39 Sabreliner in the Intermediate phase of US Navy/Marine Corps Student Naval Flight Officer training until the joint Air Force-Navy/Marine Corps training pipeline split in 2010 and now remains solely in operation with the U.S. Air Force, leaving the Navy with the Sabreliner pending its eventual replacement. The T-1 Jayhawk shares the same letter and number as the long retired T-1 SeaStar under the 1962 United States Tri-Service aircraft designation system.

The swept-wing T-1A is a military version of the Beechjet/Hawker 400A. It has cockpit seating for an instructor and two students and is powered by twin turbofan engines capable of an operating speed of Mach .78. The T-1A differs from its commercial counterpart with structural enhancements that provide for a large number of landings per flight hour, increased bird strike resistance and an additional fuselage fuel tank. A total of 180 T-1 trainers were delivered between 1992–1997.

The first T-1A was delivered to Reese Air Force Base, Texas, in January 1992, and student training began in 1993.

Another military variant is the Japan Air Self-Defense Force T-400 (400T) trainer, which shares the same type certificate as the T-1A.[3]


T-1 Jayhawk At Centennial
A T-1A parked at Centennial Airport (2008)
United States military designation for the Model 400T powered by two JT15D-5B turbofans, 180 built.
Japanese military designation for the Model 400T powered by two JT15D-5F turbofans, also known by the project name TX; 13 built.


JASDF T-400 at Iruma Air Base (2005)
 United States

Specifications (T-1A)

FTS T-1A Cockpit USAF
T-1A Cockpit

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94[4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 (pilot, co-pilot/instructor, observer)
  • Capacity: 4 passengers
  • Length: 48 ft 5 in (14.76 m)
  • Wingspan: 43 ft 6 in (13.26 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 11 in (4.24 m)
  • Wing area: 241.4 sq ft (22.43 m2)
  • Aspect ratio: 7.5:1
  • Airfoil: Mitsubishi MAC510
  • Empty weight: 10,450 lb (4,740 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 16,100 lb (7,303 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D-5B turbofan, 2,900 lbf (13 kN) thrust each


  • Maximum speed: 468 kn (539 mph; 867 km/h) at 27,000 ft (8,200 m)
  • Cruise speed: 392 kn (451 mph; 726 km/h) long range cruise at 41,000 ft (12,000 m)
  • Stall speed: 93 kn (107 mph; 172 km/h) CAS
  • Range: 2,900 nmi (3,337 mi; 5,371 km) [2]
  • Service ceiling: 41,000 ft (12,000 m)

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists


  1. ^ William Green, Claudio Müller: Flugzeuge der Welt, 1992/93. Werner Classen Verlag, Zürich 1992, ISBN 3 7172 0368 1, p. 38.
  2. ^ a b "T-1A Jayhawk". U.S. Air Force. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  3. ^ TC Data Sheet A16SW
  4. ^ Lambert 1993, pp. 432–433.
  • Lambert, Mark, ed. (1993). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Data Division. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1.
  • Wetzel, Gary (March 2011). "Jayhawk...training for the big stuff". Air International. Vol. 80 no. 3. pp. 64–69. ISSN 0306-5634.

This article contains information that originally came from a US Government website, in the public domain. USAF Website

External links

100th Fighter Squadron

The 100th Fighter Squadron (100 FS) is a unit of the Alabama Air National Guard 187th Fighter Wing located at Dannelly Field, Alabama. The 100th is equipped with the General Dynamics F-16C+ Fighting Falcon.

The 100th FS was one of the Tuskegee Airmen squadrons during World War II, one of the famous all-black squadrons of the 332d Fighter Group, activated on 19 February 1942 at Tuskegee Army Air Field, Alabama. It was returned to duty in 2007 as a replacement of the Alabama ANG 160th Fighter Squadron so the state could honor the legacy of the Tuskegee Airmen.

43rd Flying Training Squadron

The 43d Flying Training Squadron is part of the 340th Flying Training Group and is the reserve associate to the 14th Flying Training Wing based at Columbus Air Force Base, Mississippi. It operates Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk, Beechcraft T-6 Texan II and Northrop T-38 Talon aircraft conducting flight training.

48th Flying Training Squadron

The 48th Flying Training Squadron is part of the 14th Flying Training Wing based at Columbus Air Force Base, Mississippi. It operates T-1 Jayhawk aircraft conducting flight training. The squadron is one of the oldest in the Air Force, being formed during World War I as the 48th Aero Squadron on 4 August 1917.

Currently the squadron specializes in the tanker and airlift track of specialized undergraduate pilot training. Students receive at least 159 hours of flight instruction in the Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk where they learn air refueling procedures, tactical navigation, airdrop, and advanced navigation. Upon completion of this phase, students earn the aeronautical rating of pilot and receive their Air Force wings.

5th Flying Training Squadron

The 5th Flying Training Squadron is part of the United States Air Force's Air Force Reserve Command serving as a reserve associate squadron operating with the 71st Flying Training Wing t Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma. It operates the Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk, Northrop T-38C Talon, and Beechcraft T-6A Texan II aircraft conducting flight training in support of the 71st Operations Group.

71st Flying Training Wing

The 71st Flying Training Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to Air Education and Training Command. It is stationed at Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma where has conducted pilot training for the Air Force and allied nations since 1972. It also is the host unit for Vance.

The wing was briefly activated as the 71st Tactical Reconnaissance Wing in 1948 but was operational for only a few weeks before being discontinued. During the Cold War, as the 71st Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, it was a part of Strategic Air Command. The wing performed strategic reconnaissance and also tested a technique for launching small F-84K reconnaissance aircraft from GRB-36 bombers to extend the range of photographic reconnaissance and fighter escort. The testing ended in 1956, but the wing continued strategic reconnaissance until inactivated on 1 July 1957.

The wing was activated again in 1962 as the 71 Surveillance Wing. It operated and maintained systems to detect intercontinental ballistic missiles and sea-launched ballistic missile launches until it was inactivated in 1971. The wing was activated with its current mission a year later.

86th Flying Training Squadron

The 86th Flying Training Squadron is part of the 47th Flying Training Wing at Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas. It operates Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk aircraft conducting flight training.

99th Flying Training Squadron

The 99th Flying Training Squadron (99 FTS) flies Raytheon T-1 Jayhawks and they are in the process of painting the tops of the tails of their aircraft red in honor of the Tuskegee Airmen of World War II fame, known as the "Red Tails," whose lineage the 99 FTS inherited.

The 99th Flying Training Squadron is part of the 12th Flying Training Wing (12 FTW) based at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas. It operates T-1A Jayhawk aircraft conducting flight training for prospective flight instructors in the T-1A at various undergraduate pilot training and undergraduate combat systems officer training bases in the Air Education and Training Command (AETC).

The squadron was originally formed during World War II as the first flying unit for African Americans. Known as the Tuskegee Airmen, the unit served with distinction in the European Theater of Operations. Following the war it served as a flight training unit for four years in the mid and late 1940s until its inactivation. It was re-activated in 1988 to once again fill a flight training role.


Jayhawk may refer to:

Jayhawker, originally a term for United States Civil War guerrilla fighters, later applied generally to residents of Kansas

Jayhawk (mascot), the mascot of many schools and their sports teams, derived from the term Jayhawker

Kansas Jayhawks, teams of the University of Kansas

Head-Royce School, Oakland, California

Urbandale High School, Urbandale, Iowa

Jayhawk-Linn Junior-Senior High School near Mound City, Kansas

Vandercook Lake High School, Jackson, Michigan

Muskegon Community College, Muskegon, Michigan

Jamestown Community College, Jamestown, New York

Jefferson Central School, Jefferson, New York

Jericho High School in Jericho, New York

Jeannette City School District in Jeannette, Pennsylvania

St. Joseph Catholic High School (Ogden, Utah)

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