Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk

The Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk is a twin-engined jet aircraft used by the United States Air Force for advanced pilot training. T-1A students go on to fly airlift and tanker aircraft. The T-400 is a similar version for the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.

T-1 Jayhawk / T-400
T-1A Jayhawk
Role Trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Raytheon
Hawker Beechcraft
Introduction 1992
Status Active service
Primary users United States Air Force
Japan Air Self-Defense Force
Produced 1992–1997
Number built 180
Unit cost
US$4.1 million (2005)[1]
Developed from Beechjet/Hawker 400A

Design and development

The T-1A Jayhawk is a medium-range, twin-engine jet trainer used in the advanced phase of Air Force Joint Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training for students selected to fly strategic/tactical airlift or tanker aircraft. It is used also for training Air Force Combat Systems Officers in high and low level flight procedures during the advanced phase of training. It also augmented or served in lieu of the T-39 Sabreliner in the Intermediate phase of US Navy/Marine Corps Student Naval Flight Officer training until the joint Air Force-Navy/Marine Corps training pipeline split in 2010 and now remains solely in operation with the U.S. Air Force, leaving the Navy with the Sabreliner pending its eventual replacement. The T-1 Jayhawk shares the same letter and number as the long retired T-1 SeaStar under the 1962 United States Tri-Service aircraft designation system.

The swept-wing T-1A is a military version of the Beechjet/Hawker 400A. It has cockpit seating for an instructor and two students and is powered by twin turbofan engines capable of an operating speed of Mach .78. The T-1A differs from its commercial counterpart with structural enhancements that provide for a large number of landings per flight hour, increased bird strike resistance and an additional fuselage fuel tank. A total of 180 T-1 trainers were delivered between 1992–1997.

The first T-1A was delivered to Reese Air Force Base, Texas, in January 1992, and student training began in 1993.

Another military variant is the Japan Air Self-Defense Force T-400 (400T) trainer, which shares the same type certificate as the T-1A.[2]


T-1 Jayhawk At Centennial
A T-1A parked at Centennial Airport (2008)
United States military designation for the Model 400T powered by two JT15D-5B turbofans, 180 built.
Japanese military designation for the Model 400T powered by two JT15D-5F turbofans, also known by the project name TX; 13 built.


JASDF T-400 at Iruma Air Base (2005)
 United States

Air Education and Training Command

99th Flying Training Squadron
451st Flying Training SquadronPensacola Naval Air Station, Florida
48th Flying Training Squadron
86th Flying Training Squadron
3rd Flying Training Squadron

Air Force Reserve Command

5th Flying Training Squadron – Vance Air Force Base
43d Flying Training Squadron – Columbus Air Force Base
96th Flying Training Squadron – Laughlin Air Force Base
100th Flying Training Squadron – Randolph Air Force Base

Specifications (T-1A)

FTS T-1A Cockpit USAF
T-1A Cockpit

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 (pilot, co-pilot/instructor, observer)
  • Capacity: 4 passengers
  • Length: 48 ft 5 in (14.76 m)
  • Wingspan: 43 ft 6 in (13.26 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 11 in (4.24 m)
  • Wing area: 241.4 sq ft (22.43 m2)
  • Aspect ratio: 7.5:1
  • Airfoil: Mitsubishi MAC510
  • Empty weight: 10,450 lb (4,740 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 16,100 lb (7,303 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D-5B turbofan, 2,900 lbf (13 kN) thrust each


  • Maximum speed: 468 kn (539 mph; 867 km/h) at 27,000 ft (8,200 m)
  • Cruise speed: 392 kn (451 mph; 726 km/h) long range cruise at 41,000 ft (12,000 m)
  • Stall speed: 93 kn (107 mph; 172 km/h) CAS
  • Range: 2,900 nmi (3,337 mi; 5,371 km) [1]
  • Service ceiling: 41,000 ft (12,000 m)

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists


  1. ^ a b "T-1A Jayhawk". U.S. Air Force. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  2. ^ TC Data Sheet A16SW
  3. ^ Lambert 1993, pp. 432–433.
  • Lambert, Mark, ed. (1993). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Data Division. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1.
  • Wetzel, Gary (March 2011). "Jayhawk...training for the big stuff". Air International. Vol. 80 no. 3. pp. 64–69. ISSN 0306-5634.

This article contains information that originally came from a US Government website, in the public domain. USAF Website

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