Raynham, Massachusetts

Raynham is a town in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States, located approximately 32 miles (51 km) south of Boston and 22 miles (35 km) northeast of Providence, Rhode Island. The population was 13,383 at the 2010 census.[1] It has one village, Raynham Center.

Raynham, Massachusetts
Raynham Town Hall
Raynham Town Hall
Official seal of Raynham, Massachusetts

Seal
Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts
Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°56′55″N 71°04′25″W / 41.94861°N 71.07361°WCoordinates: 41°56′55″N 71°04′25″W / 41.94861°N 71.07361°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyBristol
Settled1652
Incorporated1731
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total20.9 sq mi (54.0 km2)
 • Land20.5 sq mi (53.1 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation
81 ft (25 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total13,383
 • Density640/sq mi (250/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
02767
Area code(s)508/774
FIPS code25-56060
GNIS feature ID0618285
Websitewww.town.raynham.ma.us

History

The area that is now Raynham was settled in 1639 as a part of Taunton, and Taunton was founded by Elizabeth Pole, the first woman to found a town in America.

It was to that area three years earlier that Roger Williams, proponent of separation of church and state, of paying indians for land acquired and abolishing slavery, had escaped, traveling 55 miles during a January blizzard. He was fleeing a conviction for sedition and heresy of the General Court of Salem, and it was here that the local Wampanoags offered him shelter at their winter camp. Their Sachem Massasoit hosted Williams for the three months until spring.

In 1652, bog iron was found along the Two Mile (Forge) River. Soon after, the Taunton Iron Works was established by residents James and Henry Leonard. It was the first successful iron works established in what was then Plymouth Colony, and operated from 1656 to 1876.[2] It was not the "First Iron Works in America", as proclaimed on the Town's official seal, having been predated by the Saugus and Braintree iron works. The success of the Taunton Iron Works, however, led to the establishment of other iron works throughout the colonies.

Raynham played a key part in King Philip's War. The Leonards had forged a friendship before the war began with King Philip, who lived in the area. It is said that Philip agreed to spare the town from the mass destruction if the Leonards repaired his troops' weapons in their iron forge.

The eastern end of Taunton was separated from that town and incorporated as Raynham on April 2, 1731, named after the English village of Raynham in the county of Norfolk, England. Many ships' hulls were built along the Taunton River in Raynham, which were sailed down the river towards Fall River and Narragansett Bay for final fittings. The town also had other small manufacturing industries, but for the most part it was known for its rural and agrarian base.[3]

Transportation

The intersection of Interstate 495 and Massachusetts Route 24, a four-lane divided highway, is located at the town's border with Bridgewater. Additionally, U.S. Route 44, Massachusetts Route 104 and Route 138 pass through the town. Route 24 has one exit which gives access to the town, Exit 13 (Route 44), and there is also a Raynham exit on Interstate 495, Exit 8 (Route 138).

Raynham is one of the towns covered by the Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority (GATRA) bus service. The Middleborough-Lakeville line of the MBTA's commuter rail's nearest stop is in neighboring Bridgewater. Raynham is the site of a proposed commuter rail station, Raynham Place, on the Stoughton Branch option of the MBTA's South Coast Rail project. The station would be located next to the former Raynham-Taunton Greyhound Park. In March 2011, following the release of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Draft Environmental Impact Report, Gov. Deval Patrick's administration and the MBTA announced this alternative as the best option for achieving all the goals of the project.

The nearest local airport is in Taunton; commercial air service exists at Logan International Airport in Boston and at T. F. Green Airport in Providence, Rhode Island.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18501,541—    
18601,746+13.3%
18701,713−1.9%
18801,681−1.9%
18901,340−20.3%
19001,540+14.9%
19101,725+12.0%
19201,695−1.7%
19302,136+26.0%
19402,141+0.2%
19502,426+13.3%
19604,150+71.1%
19706,705+61.6%
19809,085+35.5%
19909,867+8.6%
200011,739+19.0%
201013,383+14.0%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 11,739 people, 4,143 households, and 3,231 families residing in the town. The population density was 572.7 people per square mile (221.1/km²). There were 4,209 housing units at an average density of 205.3 per square mile (79.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.54% White, 1.04% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 4,143 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $60,449, and the median income for a family was $68,354. Males had a median income of $46,954 versus $31,760 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,476. About 3.2% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The town is part of the Eighth Plymouth state representative district, which includes Bridgewater and part of Easton. It is also part of the First Plymouth and Bristol state senate district, which includes Berkley, Bridgewater, Carver, Dighton, Marion, Middleborough, Taunton and Wareham. Raynham is patrolled by Troop D (Southeast District), 4th Barracks (located in Middleborough) of the Massachusetts State Police. On the national level, the town is part of Massachusetts Congressional District 4, which is represented by Joseph P. Kennedy III. The state's senior (Class I) Senator is Elizabeth Warren, and the state's junior (Class II) Senator is Ed Markey.

Raynham is governed by an open town meeting and elects a board of selectmen, which directs a full-time town administrator. Marie Smith, Joseph Pacheco and Karen Donahue are the town elected selectmen. The acting Town Administrator is David Flaherty. The three members of the board of selectmen are elected at large on a staggered schedule. Basic services are centered around the town hall located at Raynham Center, including the police station and fire department. There are two post offices, located near Raynham Center and along Route 138 near North Raynham. The town also operates the Borden Colony Recreation Area, and there is a small State Forest in the town.

Education

Raynham Public Library; Raynham, MA; southeast (front) and northeast sides
Raynham Public Library, with World War II, Civil War and World War I memorials on lawn

Raynham belongs to the Bridgewater-Raynham Regional School District. There are three schools in Raynham: L.B. Merrill Elementary School, housing Pre-Kindergarten through 1st Grade, LaLiberte Elementary School, housing 2nd through 4th grades, and Raynham Middle School, housing 5th through 8th grades. Bridgewater-Raynham Regional High School, located in Bridgewater, houses 9th through 12th grades. The high school athletics teams are nicknamed the Trojans, and the primary colors are red and white, with blue trim. The BR School District Chairman is Ronald Pacy and the school committee consists of eight members. High school students may also attend Bristol-Plymouth Regional Technical School, located in Taunton, or Bristol County Agricultural High School in Dighton. Students may also select to attend private and parochial schools in the neighboring towns, including Coyle and Cassidy High School in Taunton, Massachusetts.

In recent years, discussions have taken place regarding the possibility of the withdrawal of Raynham's three pre-kindergarten-eighth grade schools from the Bridgewater-Raynham Regional School District. The town cites an unfair funding formula, as well as Bridgewater's inability to fully fund the district, as its reasons for the proposal. However, on November 17, 2010, the proposal was unanimously defeated by voters at a special town meeting, thereby maintaining the current regional system.

Recreation

Johnston Memorial Park; Raynham, MA; view from east detail
Johnston Memorial Park

Raynham Park is located in Raynham and holds the world record for largest annual handle.[15] All racing at the park was formally ended on January 1, 2010 after the state election banned all greyhound racing. The building remains to host simulcast racing. In 2011 the Wampanoag Indian tribe indicated an interest in establishing a "Racino"-style gaming casino at the Raynham dog track.,[16] but in August 2011 talks broke down.[17] Raynham also has some of the best youth sports programs in the state. With the Raynham Giants football team winning three National Championships in 1999, 2001 and 2014. Also the youth baseball "RYBSA" and soccer programs are considered to be some of the better programs around.

Religion

Wat Nawamintararachutis-2016
Wat Nawamintararachutis

Raynham is host to several organizations of various religious denominations. Among the largest is St. Ann's Roman Catholic Church, First Baptist Church on Church Street (Which is home to the Raynham Food Basket), Calvary Chapel contemporary evangelical church, Lutheran Church of the Way, First Congregational Church (Stone Church), and Father's House Family Church. Raynham is also home to Wat Nawamintararachutis, opened in 2014 as the largest Thai Buddhist temple in the world outside of Thailand.[18]

Notable people

  • Frederick C. Anderson received the United States military's highest decoration for valor, the Medal of Honor, for his action of capturing the battle flag of the 27th South Carolina regiment at the battle of Wheldon Railroad (also known as the Battle of Globe Tavern) near Petersburg, Virginia on September 6, 1864. Anderson was a member of the 18th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment which was eventually transferred into the 32nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry which saw action in many of the major battles of the eastern campaign of the Civil War, including Antietam, MD, Shephardstown, VA, the Second Battle of Bull Run near Manassas, VA, Frederickburg, VA, Chancellorsville, VA, Gettysburg, PA, Rapahannock Station, VA, the Wilderness campaign, VA, Cold Harbor, VA, Petersburg, VA, and Appomattox, VA. During the Civil War, battle flags served as rallying points, as well as for idenfication and communication, and it was considered a great honor to carry or capture them, even though the flags were a focal points for enemy fire and the mortality rate was high for such individuals.
  • Toby Gilmore, a former slave, volunteered in 1776 to serve in the Continental Army in place of his master who had been drafted. He served under General George Washington as tent master and is believed to have crossed the Delaware with him and spent the winter at Valley Forge.
  • Jared C. Monti received the United States military's highest decoration for valor, the Medal of Honor, for his actions in Afghanistan attempting to rescue a wounded American soldier while under fire from enemy insurgents. Monti was killed in action in 2006 during this third attempt to rescue SPC Brian J. Bradbury. His actions are memorialized in the book "See You on the High Ground" written by Len Sandler, childhood friend of Monti's father.[19] Also, the story of his father Paul C. Monti driving in Jared's truck after his death has been memorialized in the 2012 Country Western song "I Drive Your Truck" by Lee Brice. The song won The Academy of Country Music and The Country Music Association awards for Song of the Year.[20]
  • Gil Santos, the longtime radio play-by-play announcer for the New England Patriots of the National Football League.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Raynham town, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
  2. ^ Creating the commonwealth, Stephen Innes, W. W. Norton & Company, 1995
  3. ^ Raynham Reconnaissance Report, November 2005
  4. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  5. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  6. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ CMRPC Report to Warren Casino Studey Committee - November2010 Raynham Park 'will never be the same' as live greyhound racing ends
  16. ^ Tribe eyes dog track, Cape Cod Times, June 14, 2011.
  17. ^ Wampanoag casino talks collapse
  18. ^ Sampson, Zachary T (16 June 2014). "Thai Buddhist temple dazzles in Raynham". Boston, MA: The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  19. ^ https://www.amazon.com/See-You-High-Ground-Jared-ebook/dp/B00QZC33JC/ref=sr_1_fkmr0_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1442751963&sr=1-1-fkmr0&keywords=see+youon+the+high+ground
  20. ^ I Drive Your Truck

External links

Elijah Hall

Elijah Hall (December 8, 1742 – June 22, 1830) was an officer in the Continental Navy.

Ezra Lincoln

Ezra Perry Lincoln (November 17, 1868 – May 7, 1951) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Cleveland Spiders and Syracuse Stars during the 1890 season. He continued to play in the minors through 1899, in the New England League.

Frederick C. Anderson

Frederick Charles Anderson (March 24, 1842 – October 6, 1882) was a Union Army soldier in the American Civil War who received the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, and orphaned at a young age, Anderson was adopted by a farming family in rural Raynham. He enlisted in the Union Army shortly after the start of the war and, as a private in the 18th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, participated in several major battles, including Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for capturing a Confederate battle flag during the Battle of Globe Tavern on August 21, 1864. Transferred to the 32nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry and wounded in the Siege of Petersburg, he returned to the field in time to witness the Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House. After the war, he returned to Massachusetts, working and raising a family until his sudden death at age 40.

Gil Santos

Gilbert A. Santos (April 19, 1938 – April 19, 2018) was an American radio play-by-play announcer for the New England Patriots of the National Football League, and morning sports reporter for WBZ radio in Boston. He was an inductee of the Massachusetts Broadcasters Hall of Fame.He retired from WBZ radio in January 2009, and was inducted into the WBZ Radio Hall of Fame on July 9, 2009. The Patriots 2012 season was his final season of radio play-by-play.

Irv Hall (American football)

Irving Alger Hall, Jr. (November 23, 1913 — January 24, 1964) was an American football fullback who played for the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League (NFL) for one season in 1942. He played college football for Brown and he was drafted by the Eagles in the sixteenth round of the 1939 NFL Draft.

Jared C. Monti

Jared Christopher Monti (20 September 1975 – 21 June 2006) was a soldier in the United States Army who received the United States military's highest decoration for valor, the Medal of Honor, for his actions in the War in Afghanistan.

Monti was deployed with his unit when they were attacked by a group of enemy insurgents. When another soldier was wounded, Monti attempted to rescue him three times and was killed in action. President Barack Obama signed the authorization for Monti to receive the Medal of Honor and the medal was presented to his family in a ceremony, the President's first, at the White House in 2009. Monti was the sixth person from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan to be awarded the Medal of Honor.

John J. O'Connor (politician)

John Joseph O'Connor (November 23, 1885 – January 26, 1960) was an American politician from New York.

Josiah Dean

Josiah Dean (March 6, 1748 – October 14, 1818) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

Born in Raynham, Massachusetts, Dean attended the common schools.

He engaged in the rolling-mill and shipbuilding business.

Selectman in 1781.

Town clerk in 1805.

He served in the State senate 1804–1807.

Dean was elected as a Democratic-Republican member to the Tenth Congress (March 4, 1807 – March 3, 1809).

He served as member of the State house of representatives in 1810 and 1811.

He resumed his former business pursuits.

He died in Raynham, Massachusetts, October 14, 1818.

He was interred in Pleasant Street Cemetery.

Lake Nippenicket

Lake Nippenicket, known locally as The Nip, is a freshwater pond in the town of Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and immediately adjacent to Raynham, Massachusetts. The lake borders a tiny portion of Route 104, and is near the junction of I-495 and Route 24. Lake Nippenicket is part of the Taunton River Watershed, emptying into the Town River and into the Taunton River, and a good-size portion of it is included with the Hockomock Swamp Wildlife Management Area.

Murray Lincoln

Murray Lincoln was an American business executive, leader in the cooperative movement and former CEO of Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company where he served in the capacity from 1939-1964.

Obed Hall

Obed Hall (December 23, 1757 – April 1, 1828) was an American politician and a United States Representative from New Hampshire.

Raynham

Raynham is the name of multiple places

United States:

Raynham, Massachusetts

Raynham Center, Massachusetts

Raynham, North CarolinaUnited Kingdom:

Raynham, Norfolk

site of Raynham Hall

Raynham Place station

Raynham Place (called Raynham Park in some documents) is a proposed MBTA Commuter Rail station in Raynham, Massachusetts. Under current plans, it would be constructed behind the Raynham Park racing center north of downtown Raynham and open in 2030 as part of the second phase of the South Coast Rail project.

Reuel Washburn

Reuel Washburn (May 23, 1793 – March 4, 1878) was an American judge and politician.

Born in Raynham, Massachusetts, Washburn graduated from Brown University in 1815. He then studied law in Paris, Maine and was admitted to the Maine bar. He moved to Livermore, Maine to practice law. In 1827 and 1828, Washburn served in the Maine State Senate. In 1829, Washburn served on the Maine Governor's Council. From 1832 to 1835 and 1841, Washburn served in the Maine House of Representatives. He also served as probate court judge. Washburn also ran for election to the United States House of Representatives three times. Washburn died suddenly in Livermore, Maine. His father was Israel Washburn II who also served in the Maine Legislature. His son was Ganem W. Washburn, Wisconsin State Senator and circuit court judge.

Scott Thompson (businessman)

Scott Thompson (born November 13, 1957) is an American businessman, and currently CEO of Tuition.io. Previously, he was Chief Executive Officer of ShopRunner.

Stephanie Cutter

Stephanie Cutter (born October 22, 1968) is an American political consultant. She served as Deputy Campaign Manager for President Barack Obama's 2012 re-election campaign, and has previously worked in campaign and communications roles for other Democrats including Ted Kennedy, John Kerry and Michelle Obama. The New York Times described her as "a popular but polarizing face of (Obama's) campaign", and a "soldier who says the things the candidate can’t (or won’t) say."

Taunton Iron Works

The Taunton Iron Works (also known as Leonard Iron Works) was located on the banks of the Forge River in what is now Raynham, Massachusetts. It was the first iron works established in Plymouth Colony, and only the third in New England. Much more successful than earlier works at Saugus, and Braintree, it operated for a remarkable period of two hundred and twenty years, from 1656 to 1876.

Tim Donahue

Timothy Cornelius Donahue (June 8, 1870 in Raynham, Massachusetts – June 12, 1902 in Taunton, Massachusetts) was a catcher in Major League Baseball.

Wat Nawamintararachutis

Wat Nawamintararachutis (Thai: วัดนวมินทรราชูทิศ) is a working Thai Theravada Buddhist temple or "wat" in Raynham, Massachusetts, which is about 45 minutes south of Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It is one of only a handful of Thai Buddhist temples in the United States with actual Thai Buddhist monks in residence. Constructed on 35 acres (140,000 m2) previously occupied by a farm, it opened its doors to the public in June 2014. It is one of two Thai temples in Massachusetts; the other one is Wat Boston Buddha Vararam.

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