Raymond T. Odierno

Raymond Thomas "Ray" Odierno[2] (/oʊdiˈɛərnoʊ/; born 8 September 1954) is a retired four-star general of the United States Army who served as the 38th Chief of Staff of the Army. Prior to his service as Chief of Staff, Odierno commanded United States Joint Forces Command from October 2010 until its disestablishment in August 2011. He served as Commanding General, United States Forces – Iraq and its predecessor, Multi-National Force – Iraq, from September 2008 through September 2010.[3] Before then, he served as Commanding General, III Corps, from May 2006 to May 2008. Odierno is the twelfth American military officer to command at the Division, Corps, and Army level during the same conflict and only the second with this distinction since the Vietnam War. Before commanding III Corps, he served as Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, where he was the primary military adviser to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice from 3 November 2004 to 1 May 2006.

Odierno is the 2009 recipient of the Naval War College Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award for his strategic leadership and insight.[4]

Raymond T. Odierno
Odierno Raymond CSA ASU
BornSeptember 8, 1954 (age 64)
Rockaway, New Jersey, U.S.
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1976–2015
RankGeneral
Commands heldChief of Staff of the United States Army
United States Joint Forces Command
United States Forces – Iraq
Multi-National Force – Iraq
Multi-National Corps – Iraq
III Corps
4th Infantry Division
1st Cavalry Division Artillery
2nd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery Regiment
A Battery, 1st Battalion, 73rd Field Artillery Regiment
Service Battery, 1st Battalion, 73rd Field Artillery Regiment
Battles/warsGulf War
Iraq War
AwardsDefense Distinguished Service Medal (5)
Army Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit (6)
Bronze Star Medal
Spouse(s)Linda[1]
Signature
Raymond T. Odierno signature

Early life and education

Odierno, who is of Italian descent, grew up in Rockaway, New Jersey,[5][6] where he attended Morris Hills High School,[7] followed by the United States Military Academy at West Point. He graduated in June 1976 with a Bachelor of Science degree. He later received a Master of Science degree in nuclear effects engineering from North Carolina State University and a Master of Arts degree in national security and strategy from the Naval War College. In December 2010, he received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from North Carolina State University as well as receiving an honorary doctorate from the Institute of World Politics in Washington, D.C. in 2013. Odierno is also a graduate of the U.S. Army War College.

Career

HKS Mar11
Odierno addresses the Harvard Kennedy School of Government's Institute of Politics JFK Jr. Forum on 9 March 2011.

Odierno's initial tours took him to United States Army Europe and Seventh United States Army, Germany, where he served as a platoon leader and survey officer of the 1st Battalion, 41st Field Artillery Regiment, 56th Field Artillery Brigade. He later served as aide-de-camp to Major General Richard D. Boyle, commander of the 56th Field Artillery Brigade. Following completion of the Artillery Officer Advanced Course, Odierno was assigned to the 3rd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery Regiment at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, where he commanded Service Battery and Alpha Battery. Subsequently, he served as the Battalion S3 in the 3rd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery. During Operation Desert Storm, Odierno served as the Executive Officer for the 2nd Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery, and then he held the same position in Division Artillery, 3rd Armored Division.

Odierno went on to command 2nd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery, 7th Infantry Division, followed by command of the Division Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division. He later commanded the 4th Infantry Division and the III Corps. It was there that his troopers affectionately gave him the nickname "Old Odie".

Odierno's significant staff duties include Arms Control Officer, Office of the Secretary of Defense; Chief of Staff, United States V Corps, U.S. Army Europe; Assistant Division Commander (Support), U.S. 1st Armored Division; Deputy Commanding General, Task Force Hawk, Albania; Director, Force Management, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, United States Army, Washington, D.C.; and Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Washington, D.C., where he was the primary military advisor to United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. On 1 September 2010, he turned over command to General Lloyd Austin.

Following the successful transition of command in Iraq, Odierno returned stateside to assume command of U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) in Norfolk, Virginia.[8] When he assumed command in October 2010, Odierno transitioned to the new challenge of disestablishing the organization as part of wider DOD efficiencies initiatives. He became immersed in the Hampton Roads community by conducting press conferences, particularly with local print and broadcast media, to discuss the ways to preserve and protect jointness in the military.

Throughout 2010 and 2011, during his time at USJFCOM, Odierno continued to make time for national and international media as well as researchers and scholars interested in the details and strategy of U.S. counterinsurgency efforts in Iraq. Additionally, Odierno has been the keynote speaker at numerous public events, where he relates his leadership lessons and strategic perspective to a diverse audience of American citizens. He visited The Harvard Kennedy School of Government's Institute of Politics, where he spoke to students, faculty, staff and citizens about the importance of service.[9]

Iraq War

2003–2004: 4th Infantry Division

US Navy 030403-N-5362A-009 Major General Raymond T. Odierno from the 4th Infantry Division speaks to the international media during the arrival of armor and equipment to a port of Shuaiba, Kuwait
Maj. Gen. Odierno addressing the international media as commander of the 4th Infantry Division (4th ID) in Kuwait, April 2003.

Odierno commanded the 4th Infantry Division from October 2001 to June 2004,[10] during which he deployed the division to Operation Iraqi Freedom from March 2003 to April 2004. Originally, the 4th Infantry Division was designated to enter Iraq through Turkey, though diplomatic complications prevented such a maneuver. Eventually, Odierno and the 4th Infantry Division deployed into Iraq from Kuwait, and despite the diplomatic complications, still executed the most rapid deployment of heavy armored forces in history.

The division did not deploy in time to start the invasion but joined it as a follow-on force in April 2003, attacking toward Tikrit and Mosul, and later played a major role during in the occupation. Following the invasion and conclusion of major combat operations, the division was then headquartered in Tikrit, an especially dangerous location due to a higher population of regime loyalists. In July 2003, the 4th Infantry Division was involved in the so-called Hood event.[11] In a major accomplishment late in the deployment, Odierno's troops captured Saddam Hussein in December 2003.

Odierno's tenure as 4th ID commander in Iraq and his unit's actions there have subsequently come under criticism from several sources. Some have been critical of 4th ID's belligerent stance during their initial entry into Iraq after the ground war had ceased, arguing that the unit's lack of a 'hearts and minds' approach was ineffective in quelling the insurgency.[12]

In his unit's defense, Odierno and others have argued that enemy activity in the 4th ID's area of operations was higher than in any other area of the country because of the region's high concentration of Sunni resistance groups still loyal to Saddam Hussein's regime. His unit was headquartered in Hussein's hometown and this environment necessitated a different approach from those of units located in the more peaceful regions in the south and the north of the country.[13][14]

2007–2008: Multi-National Corps – Iraq

In his second Iraq deployment, Odierno was the commander of Multi-National Corps-Iraq from December 2006 to February 2008. In this role, he served as the day-to-day commander of all Coalition Forces in Iraq and was one of the primary architects of the troop "surge" into Baghdad. His British advisor Emma Sky gave an account of the Odierno team's role in the "surge" in January 2011 in evidence to the UK Chilcott Inquiry into the Iraq War.

Upon Odierno's arrival to Baghdad in December 2006, General George Casey, then the Multi-National Force – Iraq commander (the senior military leader in Iraq), charged Odierno with the task of breaking the cycle of violence and bringing a measure of stability to the country in order to provide "breathing room" for political progress to solve Iraq's long-term problems.

Odierno and his team recognized that reducing the violence required securing the population—what he described as "job one"–and stopping "accelerants", his term for those carrying out the attacks and thus triggering subsequent reprisals. His team recognized that although previous efforts to clear Baghdad of insurgents had met with some success, these gains were temporary because the Coalition lacked sufficient forces to hold the areas, and the challenges involved with securing the population were simply too great for the Iraqi Security Forces at the time.[14]

GeneralOdierno
Gen. Odierno and Iraqi National Security Advisor, Dr. Muwafaq Bakr al-Rubai, discuss details about Iraq's future, 29 November 2007, Mahmudiyah, Iraq.

Previous strategies had called for minimizing the U.S. presence as much as possible, but Odierno recognized that securing the population was a prerequisite for further progress and that he currently did not have enough troops to accomplish the task. Therefore, he and several others recommended to President Bush that he order a temporary troop increase to help stem the violence. President Bush announced what came to be known as the "Surge" in January 2007 and ordered 5 additional brigades to Iraq.[15]

Odierno and his team decided that creating stability in Iraq required more than just greater resources; it required a change in mindset. They determined that they must prioritize the protection of the population, creating safe neighborhoods and markets and allowing Iraqis to go about their daily lives. They also decided that the Coalition needed a more balanced approach in its targeting of extremists, and they convinced the Iraqi Government that Shiite militia groups could no longer be given a "free pass" to commit extrajudicial killings.[16]

As the additional brigades began to arrive in the first months of 2007, the Coalition began moving its forces off large bases and deployed them to live on small outposts in population centers across Iraq, concentrating in and around Baghdad.

Throughout a series of offensives commanded by Odierno, Coalition Forces placed significant emphasis on providing 'essential services', 'encouraging local governance', and 'separating the ‘irreconcilables’ from those willing to make peace with the legitimate government of Iraq' according to his controversial British political advisor Emma Sky – whose previous role under the Coalition Provisional Authority was heavily criticised by President Talabani but was praised by officials such as former US Deputy Defence Secretary Paul Wolfowitz.[17]

While planning and conducting these operations, Odierno concentrated efforts to deepen growing alliances with groups of "concerned local citizens" that had agreed to work with Coalition Forces to bring security to their neighborhoods. The movement, known as the "Awakening", started in Anbar province in 2006 and grew throughout 2007, spreading across much of the country. Later called the "Sons of Iraq", many of these individuals were former insurgents who had been appalled at the wanton violence and chaos wrought by Al Qaeda in Iraq and had subsequently decided to support government stability efforts. As the U.S.-funded effort spread, more and more Iraqis began to join. Soon groups were mobilizing across the country to quell violence; this represented a marked improvement from late 2006, when extremists were mobilizing for civil war.

This comprehensive approach to counterinsurgency – conducting simultaneous, large-scale operations to strike multiple enemy concentrations and bases of support while continually focusing on protecting the populace and reconciling with those willing to make peace with the government – led to dramatic decreases in attacks through Iraq. In December 2006, Coalition Forces were sustaining more than 1,200 attacks per week, and the civilian death toll for the month was over 3,000. When Odierno and his team finished their tour in February 2008, civilian casualties were down 70%, and attacks on Coalition Forces had dropped to their lowest levels since 2004. In the Baghdad security districts, specifically, ethno-sectarian attacks and deaths had decreased by 90%, although there is a debate how much of that is due to the Surge as opposed to the competition of ethnic cleansing in the city's neighborhoods. According to most observers the situation in Iraq had been "utterly transformed",[18]

2008–2010: Multi-National Force – Iraq

Flickr - The U.S. Army - www.Army.mil (4)
Gen. Odierno (center) and political adviser Emma Sky (second from left) visiting a local market in Khalis, January 2009.
Odierno1
Gen. Odierno tours market in Baghdad, 4 February 2009

Odierno's third deployment to Iraq began on 16 September 2008, seven months after finishing his previous deployment, when he assumed command of Multi-National Force-Iraq. As the senior U.S. military commander in Iraq, Odierno and his team were pivotal in the successful transition of responsibility for security from a primarily militarily led effort to an Iraqi-civilian led effort.

Both the transition to stability operations under civilian control and the massive troop drawdown were the outcome of the improved security situation and ongoing political process; both goals during Odierno's tenure as the Commander of Multi-National Corps-Iraq (MNC-I). As the commander of Multi-National Force-Iraq (MNF-I), Odierno faced the challenges of sustaining the past security gains while reducing the Coalition presence and helping the Iraqi government achieve reconciliation and lasting stability. A successful outcome would lead to a marked improvement to stability in the region as well as a meaningful partnership between Iraq and the United States.

During this tour, Odierno was responsible for upholding the progress made during the 2007–2008 troop surge. The surge succeeded in making the Iraqi people feel more secure; degrading the capabilities of extremist groups; and developing the capacity of the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF), while purging it of its worst elements.[19] Despite occasional spikes, overall attack and Iraqi civilian casualty trends remained at their lowest levels since January 2004 during Odierno's command.[20] These trends continued even as the ISF assumed primary responsibility for security and U.S. troop levels were reduced. Furthermore, ethno-sectarian deaths plummeted along with ISF and U.S. military fatalities (Kahl).

Odierno maintained his operational strategy of defeating the enemy, but began to shift the focus of effort from U.S.-led security to Iraqi-led security through partnership-based operations. His focus on partnership had a profound effect on the Iraqi public, sending them a clear message that U.S. and Iraqi forces were working together, would not be defeated, and would ensure their safety.

When Odierno relieved General Petraeus as Commanding General of MNF-I in September 2008, the greatest threat to stability in Iraq was the questionable legitimacy and capability of Government – not violent extremists (Sky). Due in large part to Odierno's operational plan to secure the country, a legitimate host nation government with a viable political process rose from the ground. Violent actors had been vanquished or had joined the political process to further their agendas. The democratic progress was undeniable as seen in the record voter turn-outs and relatively incident-free provincial elections of 2009 and national elections in 2010.

To perpetuate the Iraqi government's progress, Odierno actively encouraged his staff, subordinate commands and State Department colleagues to develop a close and productive relationship with Iraqi government officials at all levels (Sky). Counterinsurgency campaigns are never won by foreign troops alone. They are ultimately won through the actions of legitimate host nation governments that enjoy the support of their people and by indigenous security forces that are capable of protecting the civilian population (Kahl). This partnership became the focus of a constant media drum-beat highlighting ISF achievements, Government of Iraq improvements and the diminished capacity of a demonic enemy who had lost its sanctuary and its support from the population.

The Security Agreement was a joint U.S. and Iraqi government framework outlining the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq. This bi-lateral agreement provided a path for a coalition, then U.S. military-based security force to partner with, then follow and support the ISF. Odierno understood the strategic importance of implementing the agreement successfully. In December 2008, he directed everyone under his command to implement the Security Agreement in accordance with its spirit and its letter (Sky). He consistently emphasized to his subordinates the theme of letting Iraqis make their own mistakes in order to learn from them, but not to allow them to fail (Sky).

In an effort to open his subordinate commanders’ aperture beyond the focal point of the enemy, he further instructed commanders and staffs to assess their environment and to determine those drivers of instability that would undermine progress in their respective areas of operations. Commanders and staffs alike were not only routinely assessing these drivers of instability in their environments but continually asking themselves why something changed so they could accurately target an identified deficiency or reinforce an improvement. By establishing the "drivers of instability" methodology, U.S. forces were better able to predict potential conflict, to take actions to mitigate risk, to focus its resources and to help Iraqis manage the points of friction (Sky).

During this time of significant transition, Odierno understood the supreme importance of stakeholder communication. He spent most of his time traveling around Iraq discussing his vision and intent with Iraqis, his U.S. subordinates, and other stakeholders who were an integral part of the transformative process. Odierno initiated several mechanisms to ensure the success of the Security Agreement such as the Security Agreement Joint Commission between Iraqi Ministries and U.S. forces in Iraq. Where unity of command was paramount to his predecessors, unity of effort was decisive to his command and the Iraqi Government's success in the future.

The results of the above transformation were undeniable. Despite the friction of a nascent political process, an ever-evolving enemy, an undecided Iraqi population, and the complex political relationships associated with regional affairs, the overall situation in Iraq continued to improve. In an environment of pessimism, the Iraqis held successful provincial and parliamentary elections. Furthermore, violence levels remained low after the implementation of the Security Agreement and during the gradual transition of responsibility for the security sector to the ISF. Progress was abundant and success appeared assured.

President Obama delivered an address at Camp Lejeune in February 2009 laying out his policy for the withdrawal of U.S. forces and the transition from a military to civilian-led presence in Iraq. From a foreign policy perspective, this gave the U.S. Administration the ability to begin developing civilian-led efforts to help Iraq develop its economy, build governance capacity, build a long-term strategic partnership, and address remaining political challenges (Kahl).

In essence, the President directed Odierno to conduct an operation the scope of which had not been seen since Vietnam. To fulfill the mission, Odierno directed his staff to develop a conditions-based plan to transfer authorities, ship equipment and redeploy military personnel while maintaining the campaign successes initiated when he took command of MNC-I in December 2006. A combination of initiatives was decisive in setting the conditions for the withdrawal of U.S. forces. These included: Sustaining improved security; partnering holistically with legitimate government; and collectively moving towards a mutually shared strategic partnership.

The U.S. administration's vision of sending home 90,000 U.S. troops became reality during Odierno's tenure. These achievements would have been difficult if not impossible without the increased capability of the ISF, the improved security conditions and increased government legitimacy in Iraq. In addition to sending service members home, United States Forces-Iraq also re-located, closed or transferred over 600 bases and moved or transferred in excess of 1.6 million pieces of equipment quietly with no impact to the security situation. Most importantly, the Government of Iraq was in control and partnered with a viable U.S. civilian-led presence breaking a New Dawn on 1 September 2010.

On 1 September 2010, Odierno was replaced by General Lloyd Austin after the U.S. combat missions in Iraq ended.

While serving as the Commanding General of Multi-National Corps – Iraq, Odierno was instrumental in informing the American, international, and Pan-Arab audience about the difficulties and progress of surge operations. He conducted more than 100 interviews with several mainstream national and international media outlets. To ensure broader access for the myriad media outlets covering Iraq, he had a state-of-the-art broadcast studio installed at his headquarters that enabled live interviews with stateside reporters as well as larger press events. He dedicated the studio to Marine Corps Major Megan McClung, a Marine Corps public affairs officer who was killed in action in Ramadi, Iraq, in December 2006.

Traveling back from Iraq briefly in February 2008, Odierno visited New York City and spoke at several foreign policy forums, academic institutions and also with the national and international press – print, radio, and broadcast – about the success of the surge. While speaking at one such institution, the Union League Club of New York, he received an achievement award for his lifetime of service to the nation. In March 2008, Odierno traveled to Washington, DC, where he briefed President Bush on the situation in Iraq and progress made during the surge. While in the Nation's Capitol, Odierno also met with several think tanks and policy organizations, including the National War College, and conducted a news briefing with the Pentagon Press Corps.

In September 2008, Odierno became Commanding General for Multi-National Force – Iraq. He engaged the American audience during a 60 Minutes interview and shared his vision for a stable Iraq. Almost 18 million viewers saw the program. Odierno continued his campaign to inform U.S. national, international, and Pan-Arab audiences by hosting and conducting interviews with a multitude of major national and international news organizations. This effort was critical in the aftermath of a new security agreement, providing a global audience with details about the future U.S. role in Iraq. Odierno also realized the importance of informing the Middle Eastern audience and reached over 20 million Arab-speaking viewers during a one-hour interview with reporter Elie Nakouzi from Al-Arabiya television in Dubai. He continued his efforts to inform and educate audiences, delving into social media to reach both local Iraqi people as well as younger Americans. Odierno established a Facebook page to ensure diverse audiences could learn about success and progress in Iraq as well as key events.

Army Chief of Staff

On 30 May 2011, Odierno was nominated to be Army Chief of Staff.[21] He was confirmed to take over from General Martin E. Dempsey on 7 September 2011, and sworn in as 38th Army Chief of Staff later that day.[21]

In 2014, Odierno submitted a budget request for 520,000 active-duty soldiers, and said that the bare minimum was 450,000,[22] which would, however, be at a "high risk to meet one major war".[23] In August 2015, Odierno retired from the Army after 39 years of service.[24][25]

JP Morgan & Eastern Airlines

Odierno accepted a job by JP Morgan Chase & Co as a senior adviser on "risks of doing business in various countries, technology and cybersecurity" to start on September 1, 2015, per the Wall Street Journal.[26] Odierno is now Chairman of Eastern Air Lines (new 2015) a charter airline based in Miami, FL which operates in Latin America, Caribbean and Continental US as a charter flight operation.[27]

Assignments

Promotions

U.S. Military Academy COA.png United States Military Academy – Class of 1976

Insignia Rank Date of rank
US-O1 insignia.svg Second Lieutenant 02 June 1976
US-O2 insignia.svg First Lieutenant 02 June 1978
US-O3 insignia.svg Captain 01 August 1980
US-O4 insignia.svg Major 01 December 1986
US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant Colonel 01 February 1992
US-O6 insignia Colonel 01 September 1995
US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General 01 July 1999
US-O8 insignia Major General 01 November 2002
US-O9 insignia Lieutenant General 01 January 2005
US-O10 insignia General 16 September 2008

Officer assignments

From To Assignments
Oct 1976 Jan 1978 Support Platoon Leader, later Firing Platoon Leader, C Battery, 1st Battalion, 41st Field Artillery Regiment, 56th Field Artillery Brigade, United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany
Jan 1978 Oct 1979 Survey Officer, 1st Battalion, 41st Field Artillery Regiment, 56th Field Artillery Brigade, United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany
Nov 1979 Jul 1980 Student, Field Artillery Advanced Course, Fort Sill, Oklahoma
Aug 1980 Dec 1980 Liaison Officer, 1st Battalion, 73rd Field Artillery Regiment, XVIII Airborne Corps, Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Dec 1980 Dec 1982 Commander, Service Battery, later A Battery, 1st Battalion, 73rd Field Artillery Regiment, XVIII Airborne Corps, Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Dec 1982 May 1983 Assistant S-3 (Operations), 1st Battalion, 73d Field Artillery Regiment, XVIII Airborne Corps, Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Jun 1983 May 1984 S-3 (Operations), 3rd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery Regiment, XVIII Airborne Corps, Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Jun 1984 Aug 1986 Student, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina
Sep 1986 Jun 1989 Nuclear Research Officer, later Chief, Acquisition Support Division, Defense Nuclear Agency, Alexandria, Virginia, later detailed as Military Advisor for Arms Control, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Washington, DC
Jun 1989 Jun 1990 Student, United States Naval Command and Staff Course, Newport, Rhode Island
Jul 1990 Dec 1990 Executive Officer, 2nd Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, 3rd Armored Division, United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany
Dec 1990 Jun 1991 Executive Officer, Division Artillery, 3rd Armored Division, United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany. Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm, Saudi Arabia
Jun 1991 May 1992 Executive Officer, 42nd Field Artillery Brigade, V Corps, United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany
Jun 1992 Jun 1994 Commander, 2nd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery Regiment, 7th Infantry Division (Light), Fort Ord, California (relocated to Fort Lewis, Washington)
Jun 1994 Jun 1995 Student, United States Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania
Jun 1995 Jun 1997 Commander, Division Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, Texas
Jun 1997 Aug 1998 Chief of Staff, V Corps, United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany
Aug 1998 Jul 1999 Assistant Division Commander (Support), 1st Armored Division, United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany to include duty as Deputy Commanding General for Ground Operations, Task Force Hawk, Operation Allied Force, Albania
Jul 1999 Jul 2001 Director, Force Management, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, United States Army, Washington, DC
Oct 2001 Aug 2004 Commanding General, 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized), Fort Hood, Texas. Operation Iraqi Freedom, Iraq
Aug 2004 Oct 2004 Special Assistant to Vice Chief of Staff, United States Army, Washington, DC
Oct 2004 May 2006 Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Washington, DC
May 2006 Dec 2006 Commanding General, III Corps and Fort Hood, Fort Hood, Texas
Dec 2006 Feb 2008 Commanding General, III Corps and Commander, Multi-National Corps-Iraq, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Iraq
Feb 2008 Sep 2008 Commanding General, III Corps and Fort Hood, Fort Hood, Texas
Sep 2008 31 December 2009 Commander, Multi-National Force – Iraq, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Iraq
1 January 2010 1 September 2010 Commander, United States Forces – Iraq, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Iraq
29 October 2010 Aug 2011 Commander, United States Joint Forces Command, Norfolk, Virginia
7 September 2011 14 August 2015 Chief of Staff of the United States Army

Awards, decorations, and recognition

Awards and decorations

U.S. military Decorations
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Defense Distinguished Service Medal ribbon
Defense Distinguished Service Medal (with 4 bronze Oak Leaf Clusters)
Bronze oak leaf cluster
U.S. Army Distinguished Service Medal ribbon
Army Distinguished Service Medal (with bronze Oak Leaf Cluster)
Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon Defense Superior Service Medal
Silver oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit ribbon
Legion of Merit (with 1 silver Oak Leaf Cluster)
Bronze Star Medal ribbon Bronze Star Medal
Defense Meritorious Service Medal ribbon Defense Meritorious Service Medal
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Meritorious Service Medal ribbon
Meritorious Service Medal (with 3 bronze Oak Leaf Clusters)
Army Commendation Medal ribbon Army Commendation Medal
Army Achievement Medal ribbon Army Achievement Medal
U.S. Unit Awards
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Joint Meritorious Unit Award ribbon
Joint Meritorious Unit Award (with 1 Oak Leaf Cluster)
Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon Army Meritorious Unit Commendation
Other U.S. Government awards
USA - DOS Distinguished Service Award State Department Secretary's Distinguished Service Award
U.S. Service (Campaign) Medals and Service and Training Ribbons
Bronze star
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medal ribbon
National Defense Service Medal (with 2 service stars)
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal ribbon Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Southwest Asia Service Medal ribbon (1991–2016)
Southwest Asia Service Medal (with 3 Service Stars)
Bronze star
Bronze star
Kosovo Campaign Medal ribbon
Kosovo Campaign Medal (with 2 Service Stars)
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Iraq Campaign Medal ribbon
Iraq Campaign Medal (with 4 Service Stars)
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal ribbon Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal ribbon Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Armed Forces Service Medal ribbon Armed Forces Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon Army Service Ribbon
Army Overseas Service RibbonAward numeral 7.png Army Overseas Service Ribbon (with award numeral "7")
Foreign Awards
NATO Medal w Służbie Pokoju i Wolności BAR NATO Medal for Kosovo
Legion Honneur Officier ribbon Legion of Honour, Officer (France)
BRA Ordem do Merito Militar Grande Oficial Brazilian Order of Military Merit (Grand Officer)[28]
ITA OMRI 2001 GUff BAR Italian Order of Merit (Grand Officer)[29]
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl3 BAR Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland[30]
ROU Order For Merit 2000-war-ribbon GOfficer BAR Romanian National Order for Merit, Grand Officer (Military)
COL Medalla Militar Fe en la Causa Medalla Militar "Fé en la causa" (Colombian Army, basic class)[31][32]
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) ribbon Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) ribbon Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
Other Accoutrements
Combat Action Badge Combat Action Badge
Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
United States Army Staff Identification Badge Army Staff Identification Badge
4th Infantry Division SSI (1918-2015) 4th Infantry Division Patch worn as his Combat Service Identification Badge
8 FA Rgt DUI.jpg 8th Field Artillery Regiment worn as his Distinctive Unit Insignia
ASU overseas service bar 11 Overseas Service Bars, reflecting 5½ years overseas combat service

Other awards

TAPS Military Leadership Award

On 19 March 2013, The Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors (TAPS) presented General Odierno with the Military Leadership Award. General Odierno has been outspoken in his support for military families and those grieving the death of a loved one in service to country. General Odierno was introduced by Austin Audo, the son of Army Major David Audo, who died in Iraq in 2009. Kyra Phillips from HLN and John Roberts from Fox News Channel emceed the ceremonies at the event.[33]

Ryan C. Crocker Award

The Hampton Roads World Affairs Council presented its Second Annual Ryan C. Crocker Global Citizen Award to Odierno in February 2011 for his superlative impact on the international stage. Ambassador Crocker attended the event and introduced Odierno prior to the General's remarks and a lengthy question and answer session with a broad range of citizens from the Hampton Roads community.

Abraham Lincoln Award

In December 2010, Odierno was recognized by the Union League of Philadelphia with their Abraham Lincoln Award during the League's Armed Services Council Army-Navy Game Dining Out.

USO's Distinguished Service Award

In December 2009, Odierno was given the USO's Distinguished Service Award, at the 48th Annual Armed Forces Gala and Gold Medal Dinner in New York City. The event, which was co-hosted by NBC's Brian Williams, and retired Army Col. Jack H. Jacobs, a Medal of Honor recipient for his actions in Vietnam, raised over $1 million for the USO. The USO's Distinguished Service Award is USO's premiere award that recognizes exemplary leadership and service to the armed forces.[34]

U.S. News & World Report, America's Best Leaders of 2009

In October 2009, Odierno was recognized as one of America's Best Leaders of 2009 by U.S. News & World Report for his leadership in Operation Iraqi Freedom. America's Best Leaders is a collaboration between U.S. News & World Report and the Center for Public Leadership at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. The honorees were selected by a committee of academic, government, business, community, and nonprofit leaders convened by the center.[35]

Romanian Order of Military Merit

On 4 June 2009, the Romanian President Traian Băsescu awarded Odierno the Romanian Order of Military Merit.

Naval War College Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award
NWC Odierno
Rear Admiral James (Phil) Wisecup and Rear Admiral (Ret) Glenn E. Whisler, Jr. present General Odierno with the Naval War College Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award.

In May 2009, the Naval War College recognized Odierno as the 14th recipient of the Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award for his strategic leadership and insight. Odierno graduated from the Naval War College in 1990 as a Major, where he learned the importance of becoming a strategic thinker and leader.[36]

Union League Club of NYC

In February 2008, the Union League Club of New York City bestowed Odierno with an achievement award for his lifetime of service to the nation.

Morris Hills Regional District Hall of Fame

In May 2006, Odierno was inducted into the Morris Hills Regional District Hall of Fame for his successful command of the 4th Infantry Division in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Odierno graduated from Morris Hills in 1972 prior to entering the United States Military Academy at West Point.[37]

NIAF Special Achievement Award

In April 2006, Odierno was presented the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) Special Achievement Award for Military Service at the Foundations East Coast Gala by Jerry Colangelo, NIAF Vice Chair [38] During the event, legendary race car driver and wine maker Mario Andretti received a NIAF Lifetime Achievement Award in Sports; actor Alan Alda was inducted into the NIAF Italian American Hall of Fame by Jack Valenti, former president of the Motion Picture Association of America; and Joseph M. Boitano, senior vice president and general merchandise manager at Saks Fifth Avenue Enterprises, received a NIAF Special Achievement Award in Business.[39] NIAF is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational foundation that promotes Italian American culture and heritage.

Secretary of State Distinguished Service Medal

Odierno was awarded the Secretary of State Distinguished Service Medal for serving as the senior military advisor for the Secretary of State from October 2004 to May 2006. Odierno served as the Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, D.C., where he was the primary military advisor to Secretaries of State Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice. During this time, he accompanied the Secretary of State on all diplomatic journeys and state visits, traveling over 335,000 miles and visiting over 65 countries.

Ellis Island Medal of Honor

Odierno received the Ellis Island Medal of Honor for his commitment to many humanitarian causes. He accepted the award on 12 May 2012, at Ellis Island.[40]

VFW Dwight D. Eisenhower Award

Odierno accepted the Dwight D. Eisenhower Award on 23 July 2012, at the 113th Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) National Convention. The award is presented to an individual for contributions to the cause of American security, unity, and peace.[41]

Liberty Award

On 5 October 2012, the Liberty USO serving Pennsylvania and Southern New Jersey presented Odierno with the Liberty award for dedication to and support of military members and their families.[42]

Personal life

The Odiernos have three children: son Tony, married to wife Daniela; daughter Katie, married to husband Nick Funk; and son Mike. Tony Odierno is a combat veteran who attained the rank of Captain before leaving the Army after losing his left arm as the result of a rocket-propelled grenade attack while he was serving in Iraq. The Odiernos have four grandchildren.[43][44]

See also

References

  1. ^ Michelle Tan, Staff writer (14 August 2015). "Milley takes over as new chief of staff; Odierno retires". Army Times.
  2. ^ "Register of Graduates and Former Cadets, United States Military Academy". google.ca.
  3. ^ "Biden marks transfer of U.S. command in Iraq". CNN. 1 September 2010.
  4. ^ NWCDGLA recipients
  5. ^ https://fas.org/irp/congress/2011_hr/sasc-nom.pdf
  6. ^ Cloud, David S. "U.S. Military Leader in Iraq Talks of ‘Thinning the Lines’", The New York Times, 26 May 2007. Accessed 27 February 2008. "‘We’ll do this in a very deliberate and slow way’, General Odierno, a 1976 West Point graduate from Rockaway, N.J., said in an interview here."
  7. ^ Manochio, Matt. "Morris general oversaw capture", Daily Record (Morristown), 14 December 2003. Accessed 27 February 2008. "Raymond T. Odierno, 48, is a 1972 graduate of Morris Hills High School."
  8. ^ "Odierno to take command at JFCOM Friday". WAVY-TV. 29 October 2010.
  9. ^ Institute of Politics on YouTube
  10. ^ Odierno, Raymond T., Erickson, Edward J., "The Battle of Taji and Battle Command on the Move", Military Review, July–August 2003 [1]
  11. ^ "Turkish commander awarded US Legion of Merit medal". Today's Zaman. 29 January 2015.
  12. ^ Ricks, Thomas E. (25 July 2006). Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq. Penguin Press HC. p. 153. ISBN 0-7139-9958-6. 159420103X.
  13. ^ Peters, Ralph (28 August 2007). "He's a Fighter: How Odierno is Building Peace". The New York Post.
  14. ^ a b Filkins, Dexter. "Back in Iraq, Jarred by the Calm", The New York Times, 21 September 2008.
  15. ^ Gordon, Michael. "Troop ‘Surge’ Took Place Amid Doubt and Debate", New York Times, 31 August 2008.
  16. ^ Odierno, LtGen Raymond T. (13 March 2008). "The Surge in Iraq: One Year Later". Heritage Lecture # 1068. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-01. Changing our approach also meant introducing more balance in our targeting by going after both Sunni and Shia extremists. I should point out that this modification required the government of Iraq's cooperation, and it is significant to note that we got it. Shia militia leaders conducting extra-judicial killings would no longer get a free pass.
  17. ^ Sky, Emma, "Iraq 2007 – Moving Beyond Counterinsurgency Doctrine", Rusi, Volume 153, No. 2, April 2008, pp 30–34.
  18. ^ Kagan, Frederick W. and Kimberly Kagan, [2]"The Patton of Counterinsurgency", The Weekly Standard, Volume 13, Issue 25, 10 March 2008.
  19. ^ Sky, Emma, "Iraq, From Surge to Sovereignty, Winding Down the War in Iraq", Foreign Affairs, March/April 2011.
  20. ^ Kahl, Colin, "Breaking Dawn", Foreign Policy, posted on line 31 August 2010.(subscription required)
  21. ^ a b "Obama nominates Dempsey to chair Joint Chiefs". USA Today. 30 May 2011.
  22. ^ McGarry, Brendan (12 February 2014). "Odierno: Army Needs at Least 450,000 Soldiers". www.dodbuzz.com. Military Advantage. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  23. ^ Brook, Tom Vanden; Locker, Ray (24 February 2014). "New Pentagon budget calls for smaller Army, pay changes". USA Today. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  24. ^ Dan Lamothe (13 August 2015). "In parting, retiring Army chief raises concerns about battle-hardened leaders and Gold Star families". Washington Post.
  25. ^ Michelle Tan, Staff writer (14 August 2015). "Milley takes over as new chief of staff; Odierno retires". Army Times.
  26. ^ Emily Glazer and Chelsey Dulaney (20 August 2015). "arkets J.P. Morgan Names Former Army Chief of Staff Raymond Odierno as Adviser". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  27. ^ http://easternairlines.aero/about/leadership
  28. ^ [3]
  29. ^ [4]
  30. ^ "..:: Dowództwo Generalne Rodzajów Sił Zbrojnych :: Aktualności / Najnowsze – Dowódca Wojsk Lądowych USA w Polsce ::." mon.gov.pl.
  31. ^ "Cooperation Scene". National Army. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  32. ^ Melo Rodrigues, Luz Martha (April 2013). "Escenarios de cooperación". Revista Ejército (in Spanish). Bogotá: Ejército Nacional de Colombia: 26–27. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  33. ^ Odierno receiving TAPS Leadership Award at YouTube.com
  34. ^ "USO officials honor 5 Air Force Medal of Honor recipients". archive.is.
  35. ^ Anna Mulrine. "Ray Odierno: The Commander in Iraq Is Leaving His Mark". US News & World Report.
  36. ^ [5]
  37. ^ [6]
  38. ^ [7]
  39. ^ [8]
  40. ^ "2012 Ellis Island Medal of Honor Recipients". National Ethnic Coalition. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  41. ^ Veterans of Foreign Wars http://www.vfw.org/News-and-Events/Articles/2012-Articles/PRESIDENT-OBAMA-TO-ADDRESS-VFW-NATIONAL-CONVENTION/
  42. ^ "Liberty USO Serving Pennsylvania and Southern New Jersey".
  43. ^ Odierno, Raymond. "Official Bio" (PDF). US Army.
  44. ^ Curry, Jack (4 July 2008). "Yankee Intern, Injured in Iraq, to Throw Out First Pitch Friday". The New York Times.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Peter Chiarelli
Commanding General of the Multinational Corps-Iraq
2006–2008
Succeeded by
Lloyd Austin
Preceded by
David Petraeus
Commanding General of the Multinational Force-Iraq
2008–2010
Position abolished
New office Commanding General of the United States Forces-Iraq
2010
Succeeded by
Lloyd Austin
Preceded by
Keith Huber
Acting
Commander of United States Joint Forces Command
2010–2011
Position abolished
Preceded by
Martin Dempsey
Chief of Staff of the Army
2011–2015
Succeeded by
Mark A. Milley
American Corporate Partners

American Corporate Partners (ACP) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to assisting United States veterans in their transition from the military to the civilian world. The organization was founded in 2008 to connect post 9/11 veterans to business professionals for mentoring, career counseling and networking.

Army Staff Senior Warrant Officer

The Army Staff Senior Warrant Officer (ARSTAF SWO) provides the Chief of Staff of the United States Army (CSA) with subject matter expertise on warrant officer training and development, to include proper balance of training, education and professional experience for warrant officers. Additionally, the ARSTAF SWO communicates with commanders and warrant officers throughout the United States Army to ensure their concerns and recommendations are considered in decisions that will impact the future of the warrant officer corps.

The post was announced by CSA, GEN Raymond T. Odierno on March 14, 2014, wherein CW5 David Williams was established as the first ARSTAF SWO. The ARSTAF SWO is the first, and currently, only posting for warrant officers to the head of all five branches of the United States armed forces.

Bikram Singh (general)

General Bikram Singh , PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, ADC is a former Chief of Army Staff (COAS) of the Indian Army . Previously the head of the Eastern Command, he became the 25th COAS succeeding General V. K. Singh on May 31, 2012. He retired on 31 July 2014. He is the second Sikh to be COAS, the first having been General J. J. Singh. He was also the Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee (CoSC) of the Indian armed forces.

Buddy Valastro

Bartolo "Buddy" Valastro Jr. (born March 3, 1977) is an American celebrity chef, entrepreneur, and reality television personality of Italian heritage. He is the owner of Carlo's Bakery, as well as the face of Buddy V's Ristorante. Valastro is best known as the star of the reality television series Cake Boss, which premiered in April 2009. He has also starred in Kitchen Boss (2011), The Next Great Baker (2010), and Buddy's Bakery Rescue (2013).

Camp Victory

Camp Victory was the primary component of the Victory Base Complex (VBC) which occupied the area surrounding the Baghdad International Airport (BIAP). The Al-Faw Palace, which served as the headquarters for the Multi-National Corps - Iraq (and later United States Forces - Iraq until it was turned over to the Government of Iraq on December 1, 2011), was located on Camp Victory. Camp Victory itself lay approximately 5 kilometers from BIAP.Other Camps that made up the Victory Base Complex included Camp Liberty (formerly known as Camp Victory North), Camp Striker, and Camp Slayer. On December 1, 2011, Camp Victory, under agreement with the Iraqi Government in 2008, was handed over by the United States to the Iraqis.

Defense Distinguished Service Medal

The Defense Distinguished Service Medal is a United States military award which is presented for exceptionally distinguished performance of duty contributing to the national security or defense of the United States. The medal was created on July 9, 1970, by President Richard Nixon in Executive Order 11545.

Ellis Island Medal of Honor

The Ellis Island Medal of Honor is an American award founded by the Ellis Island Honors Society (EIHS) (formerly known as National Ethnic Coalition of Organizations (NECO) until Fall of 2017) which are presented annually to American citizens whose accomplishments in their field and inspired service to the United States are cause for celebration. Past medalists include seven U.S. presidents, several world leaders, two Nobel Prize winners and countless leaders of industry, education, the arts, sports and government, along with everyday Americans who have made freedom, liberty and compassion a part of their life's work.The medals were established at the time of EIHS's founding in 1986; a ceremony is held each May on Ellis Island. All branches of the United States Armed Forces traditionally participate. Both the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate have officially recognized the Ellis Island Medals of Honor, and each year's recipients are read into the Congressional Record. The Ellis Island's Great Hall where immigrants were once processed hosts the gala dinner which follows the ceremony. Approximately 100 medalists are honored each year.

John Cooper (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General John Cooper, (born 17 February 1955) is a former senior British Army officer. From March 2008 he was the Deputy Commander of Multinational Force-Iraq (MNF-I), the operational-level headquarters in Iraq, and the Senior British Military Representative-Iraq. As Deputy Commander, he was the principal assistant to General Raymond T. Odierno of the United States Army. He stepped down on 4 March 2009, and retired from the army later that year.

List of United States Army Field Manuals

This list of United States Army Field Manuals contains information about a variety of Field Manuals.

List of pastry chefs

This is a list of notable pastry chefs. A pastry chef is a station chef in a professional kitchen, skilled in the making of pastries, desserts, breads and other baked goods. They are employed in large hotels, bistros, restaurants, bakeries, and some cafés.

Mark A. Milley

Mark Alexander Milley (born June 20, 1958) is a four-star general in the United States Army and the 39th and current Chief of Staff of the Army. He previously served as the 21st commanding general of United States Army Forces Command from August 15, 2014 to August 9, 2015. As the Army Chief of Staff, Milley is the highest ranking officer in the United States Army.On December 8, 2018, President Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Milley to serve as the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Nassir al-Hiti

Nassir Ahmad Ghanim Al-Ogali (Arabic: ناصر احمد غانم العجيلي‎) is a Major General in the Iraqi Army. He was the former commanding General of Muthanna 3rd Brigade, 6th Division, Iraqi Army. He is currently the commander of 2nd Division, Iraqi Army.

Naval War College Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award

The Naval War College Distinguished Graduate leadership Award was established in 1996 by the Trustees of the Naval War College Foundation to honor United States Naval War College graduates who have attained positions of prominence in the field of national security.

Order For Merit

The National Order for Merit (Romanian: Ordinul Național Pentru Merit) is an order which is part of the National System of Decorations of Romania. A medal of merit also exists, but does not confer membership in the order.

Order of Military Merit (Brazil)

The Order of Military Merit (Portuguese: Ordem do Mérito Militar) is an award of the Brazilian Army, established on 11 June 1943 by President Getúlio Vargas. The order is presented in five grades and recognizes distinguished service and exceptional contributions to Brazil by members the Brazilian Army and the armies of friendly nations.The grades, in descending order, are:

Grand Cross

Grand Officer

Commander

Officer

Knight

Overseas Service Bar

An Overseas Service Bar is an accoutrement on a United States Army, Army Service Uniform and previously on the Army Green (Class A) and the Army Blue (Dress Blue) uniforms that indicates a soldier has served six months of service in a combat zone.

Overseas Service Bars are displayed as an embroidered gold bar worn horizontally on the right sleeve of the Class A uniform and the Army Service Uniform. Overseas Service Bars are cumulative, in that each bar worn indicates another six-month period. Time spent overseas is also cumulative, meaning one bar could be earned for two separate deployments totaling six months.

The Overseas Service Bars shown here as ‘Korea’ were used as Overseas Service Bars in World War II.

Regionally Aligned Forces

Initiated in 2013 by the 38th Chief of Staff of the Army, Raymond T. Odierno, regionally aligned forces (RAF) provide combatant commands (CCMDs), scalable and tailorable Army capabilities for all requirements, including operational missions, bilateral and multilateral military exercises and security cooperation activities. Army regional alignment is an organizing principle that improves the Army’s ability to provide units and capabilities. Regional alignment provides focus and direction for unit training and preparation. RAFs are drawn from the Army Total Force, which includes active United States Army, the Army National Guard and the United States Army Reserve. Corps and divisions are aligned to ensure joint task force capability to every geographic combatant command (GCC). Through regional alignment, the Army maintains its war-fighting skills and complements these skills with language, regional expertise and cultural awareness training.

Secretary's Distinguished Service Award

The Secretary’s Distinguished Service Award is an award of the United States Department of State. It is presented at the discretion of the Secretary of State in recognition of exceptionally outstanding leadership, professional competence, and significant accomplishment over a sustained period of time in the field of foreign affairs. Such achievements must be of notable national or international significance and have made an important contribution to the advancement of U.S. national interests.The award is personally authorized by the Secretary of State provided that one of the criteria eligibility in Foreign Affairs Manual is met. It may be presented to members of the foreign affairs communities.

The award consists of a gold medal set and a certificate signed by the Secretary of State. The specific criteria for the issuance of the Secretary’s Award is determined by the Secretary of State.

William E. Ingram Jr.

Lieutenant General (Retired) William E. Ingram Jr. (born January 21, 1948) was the Director of the Army National Guard. He was the 20th individual and the third three-star general to lead the Army National Guard since 1948, when the office was established as Chief, Army Division, National Guard Bureau. In this assignment Ingram guided the formulation, development and implementation of all programs and policies affecting the Army National Guard, a force of more than 350,000 Citizen Soldiers in the 50 States, three Territories and the District of Columbia.Ingram assumed the position and was promoted to Lieutenant General on November 28, 2011 in a ceremony held at the Pentagon, which was presided over by Army Chief of Staff Raymond T. Odierno and National Guard Bureau Chief Craig R. McKinley.He retired in a ceremony presided over by NGB Chief Frank J. Grass at Joint Base Myer–Henderson Hall on January 14, 2014.

Leaders of the United States Army
Senior Officer /
Commanding General
Chiefs of Staff
Vice Chiefs of Staff

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