Raymond A. Palmer

Raymond Arthur Palmer (August 1, 1910 – August 15, 1977[1]) was an American editor of Amazing Stories from 1938 through 1949, when he left publisher Ziff-Davis to publish and edit Fate Magazine, and eventually many other magazines and books through his own publishing houses, including Amherst Press and Palmer Publications. In addition to magazines such as Mystic, Search, and Flying Saucers, he published or republished numerous spirtualist books, including Oahspe: A New Bible, as well as several books related to flying saucers, including The Coming of the Saucers, co-written by Palmer with Kenneth Arnold. Palmer was also a prolific author of science fiction and fantasy stories, many of which were published under pseudonyms.

Raymond A. Palmer
Raymond A. Palmer circa 1930
Raymond A. Palmer circa 1930
BornRaymond Arthur Palmer
August 1, 1910
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
Died (aged 67)
Portage, Wisconsin, U.S.
OccupationWriter, editor
GenreScience fiction

Personal life

According to Bruce Lanier Wright, "Palmer was hit by a truck at age seven and suffered a broken back." An unsuccessful operation on Palmer's spine stunted his growth (he stood about four feet tall), and left him with a hunchback.

Palmer found refuge in science fiction, which he read voraciously. He rose through the ranks of science fiction fandom and is credited, along with Walter Dennis, with editing the first fanzine, The Comet, in May, 1930.[2]

Career

Throughout the 1930s, Palmer would have many of his stories published in several science fiction magazines of the era. When Ziff-Davis acquired Amazing Stories in 1938, editor T. O'Conor Sloane resigned and production was moved to Chicago. On the recommendation of popular author Ralph Milne Farley, the editorship was offered to Palmer. In 1939, Palmer began a companion magazine to Amazing Stories titled Fantastic Adventures, which lasted until 1953.

When Ziff-Davis moved its magazine production from Chicago to New York City in 1949, Palmer resigned and, with Curtis Fuller, another Ziff-Davis editor who did not want to leave the midwest, founded Clark Publishing Co.[3]

Science fiction magazines

Amazing stories 193806
Palmer's first issue of Amazing Stories introduced a redesigned logo and the unlikely claim "Every Story Scientifically Accurate"
Other worlds science stories 195106-07
Palmer's short story "Mr. Yellow Jacket" was cover-featured on Other Worlds in 1951
Imaginative tales 195511
Palmer's novella "The Metal Emperor", his last story published in an sf magazine, was cover-featured on Imaginative Tales in 1955

As an editor, Palmer tended to favor adventurous, fast-moving space opera-type stories. His tenure at Amazing Stories was notable for his purchase of Isaac Asimov's first professional story, "Marooned Off Vesta".

Palmer was also known for his support of the long-running and controversial Shaver Mystery stories, a series of stories by Richard Sharpe Shaver. Palmer's support of the truth of Shaver's stories (which maintained that the world is dominated by insane inhabitants of the hollow earth), was controversial in the science fiction community. It is unclear whether Palmer believed the Shaver stories to be true, or if he was just using the stories to sell magazines. Palmer asked other writers to do stories in the Shaver genre, the most notable being Rog Phillips.

Palmer began his own science fiction publishing ventures while working for Ziff-Davis, eventually leaving the company to form his own publishing house, Clark Publishing Company, which was responsible for the titles Imagination and Other Worlds, among others. None of these magazines achieved the success of Amazing Stories during the Palmer years, but Palmer published Space World magazine until his death.

Paranormality magazines

In 1948, Palmer and Curtis Fuller co-founded Fate, which covered divination methods, Fortean events, belief in the survival of personality after death, predictive dreams, accounts of ghosts, mental telepathy, archaeology, flying saucer sightings, cryptozoology, alternative medicine, warnings of death, and other paranormal topics, many contributed by readers.

Curtis Fuller and his wife Mary took full control of Fate in 1955, when Palmer sold his interest in the venture. The magazine has continued in publication under a series of editors and publishers to the present day.

Another paranormal magazine Palmer created along the line of Fate was Mystic magazine, which after about two years of publication became Search magazine.

In the 1970s, Palmer also published Ray Palmer's News Letter which was combined into another of his publications called Forum in March 1975.[4]

Flying Saucers magazine

In the first issue of Fate, Palmer published Kenneth Arnold's report of "flying discs." Arnold's sighting marked the beginning of the modern UFO era, and his story propelled the fledgling Fate to national recognition. Through Fate, Palmer was instrumental in popularizing belief in flying saucers. This interest led him to establish the magazine Flying Saucers.

Spiritual publications

Palmer's avid interest in spirituality and alternative explanations of reality was reflected in his choice of publications. His interest in the Oahspe Bible, led him on a 15-year search for a copy of the original 1882 edition published by Oahspe Publishing Assoc., New York and London. Although a later edited and revised edition was published in 1891 and reprinted over the years, the original 1882 Oahspe Bible was not available until Palmer republished a facsimile of it in 1960. It is often referred to as "The Palmer Edition" or "The Green Oahspe" among Oahspe readers. He continued to publish and reprint later editions to which he added an index and editor's notes. Oahspe was reported by the spiritualist medium John B. Newbrough to have come as automatic writing through his hands on the newly invented typewriter.

Tributes

The secret identity of DC Comics superhero the Atom – introduced by science fiction writer Gardner Fox in 1961 – is named after Palmer.

A newer edition of Oahspe as a tribute edition to Ray Palmer was published in 2009 titled Oahspe - Raymond A. Palmer Tribute Edition.

In September 2013, Palmer was posthumously named to the First Fandom Hall of Fame in a ceremony at the 71st World Science Fiction Convention.[5]

In 2013, Tarcher/Penguin published a biography of Palmer called The Man From Mars and written by Fred Nadis.

Palmer is also the subject of Richard Toronto's 2013 book, War over Lemuria: Richard Shaver, Ray Palmer and the Strangest Chapter of 1940s Science Fiction, which attempts to give a detailed history of the Shaver Mystery and its two main proponents.

Bibliography

Short stories

  • The Time Ray of Jandra, Wonder Stories (June 1930)
  • The Man Who Invaded Time, Science Fiction Digest (October 1932)
  • Escape from Antarctica, Science Fiction Digest (Juneau 1933)
  • The Girl from Venus, Science Fiction Digest (September 1933)
  • The Return to Venus, Fantasy Magazine (May 1934)
  • The Vortex World, Fantasy Magazine (1934)
  • The Time Tragedy, Wonder Stories (December 1934)
  • Three from the Test-Tube, Wonder Stories (1935)
  • The Symphony of Death, Amazing Stories (December 1935)
  • Matter Is Conserved, Astounding Science-Fiction (April 1938)
  • Catalyst Planet, Thrilling Wonder Stories (August 1938)
  • The Blinding Ray, Amazing Stories (August 1938)
  • Outlaw of Space, Amazing Stories (August 1938)
  • Black World (Part 1 of 2), Amazing Stories (March 1940)
  • Black World (Part 2 of 2), Amazing Stories (April 1940)
  • The Vengeance of Martin Brand (Part 1 of 2), Amazing Stories (August 1942)
  • The Vengeance of Martin Brand (Part 2 of 2), Amazing Stories (September 1942)
  • King of the Dinosaurs, Fantastic Adventures (October 1945)
  • Toka and the Man Bats, Fantastic Adventures (February 1946)
  • Toka Fights the Big Cats, Fantastic Adventures (December 1947)
  • In the Sphere of Time, Planet Stories (Summer 1948)
  • The Justice of Martin Brand, Other Worlds Science Stories (July 1950)
  • The Hell Ship, Worlds of If (March 1952)
  • Mr. Yellow Jacket, Other Worlds (June 1951)
  • I Flew in a Flying Saucer (Part 1 of 2), Other Worlds Science Stories (October 1951)
  • I Flew in a Flying Saucer (Part 2 of 2), Other Worlds Science Stories (December 1951)
  • The Metal Emperor, Imaginative Tales (November 1955)

Nonfiction

  • The Coming of the Saucers (with Kenneth Arnold) (1952)
  • The Secret World (with Richard Shaver) (1975)

See also

References

  1. ^ Contemporary Authors, Volume 111, Gale 1984. According to this work, Palmer died following a series of strokes.
  2. ^ Moskowitz, Sam; Joe Sanders (1994). "The Origins of Science Fiction Fandom: A Reconstruction". Science Fiction Fandom. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. pp. 17–36. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. ^ Harry Warner, Jr. All Our Yesterdays, pgs 75-78.
  4. ^ Files of astronomer Donald Menzel
  5. ^ Glyer, Mike (September 3, 2013). "2013 First Fandom Hall of Fame". File 770. Retrieved September 4, 2013.

External links

Amazing Stories

Amazing Stories is an American science fiction magazine launched in April 1926 by Hugo Gernsback's Experimenter Publishing. It was the first magazine devoted solely to science fiction. Science fiction stories had made regular appearances in other magazines, including some published by Gernsback, but Amazing helped define and launch a new genre of pulp fiction.

As of 2018, Amazing has been published, with some interruptions, for ninety-two years, going through a half-dozen owners and many editors as it struggled to be profitable. Gernsback was forced into bankruptcy and lost control of the magazine in 1929. In 1938 it was purchased by Ziff-Davis, who hired Raymond A. Palmer as editor. Palmer made the magazine successful though it was not regarded as a quality magazine within the science fiction community. In the late 1940s Amazing presented as fact stories about the Shaver Mystery, a lurid mythos that explained accidents and disaster as the work of robots named deros, which led to dramatically increased circulation but widespread ridicule. Amazing switched to a digest size format in 1953, shortly before the end of the pulp-magazine era. It was sold to Sol Cohen's Universal Publishing Company in 1965, which filled it with reprinted stories but did not pay a reprint fee to the authors, creating a conflict with the newly formed Science Fiction Writers of America. Ted White took over as editor in 1969, eliminated the reprints and made the magazine respected again: Amazing was nominated for the prestigious Hugo Award three times during his tenure in the 1970s. Several other owners attempted to create a modern incarnation of the magazine in the following decades, but publication was suspended after the March 2005 issue. A new incarnation appeared in July 2012 as an online magazine. Print publication resumed with the Fall 2018 issue.

Gernsback's initial editorial approach was to blend instruction with entertainment; he believed science fiction could educate readers. His audience rapidly showed a preference for implausible adventures, and the movement away from Gernsback's idealism accelerated when the magazine changed hands in 1929. Despite this, Gernsback had an enormous impact on the field: the creation of a specialist magazine for science fiction spawned an entire genre publishing industry. The letter columns in Amazing, where fans could make contact with each other, led to the formation of science fiction fandom, which in turn had a strong influence on the development of the field. Writers whose first story was published in the magazine include John W. Campbell, Isaac Asimov, Howard Fast, Ursula K. Le Guin, Roger Zelazny, and Thomas M. Disch. Overall, though, Amazing itself was rarely an influential magazine within the genre after the 1920s. Some critics have commented that by "ghettoizing" science fiction, Gernsback harmed its literary growth, but this viewpoint has been countered by the argument that science fiction needed an independent market to develop in to reach its potential.

Fantastic Adventures

Fantastic Adventures was an American pulp fantasy and science fiction magazine, published from 1939 to 1953 by Ziff-Davis. It was initially edited by Raymond A. Palmer, who was also the editor of Amazing Stories, Ziff-Davis's other science fiction title. The first nine issues were in bedsheet format, but in June 1940 the magazine switched to a standard pulp size. It was almost cancelled at the end of 1940, but the October 1940 issue enjoyed unexpectedly good sales, helped by a strong cover by J. Allen St. John for Robert Moore Williams' Jongor of Lost Land. By May 1941 the magazine was on a regular monthly schedule. Historians of science fiction consider that Palmer was unable to maintain a consistently high standard of fiction, but Fantastic Adventures soon developed a reputation for light-hearted and whimsical stories. Much of the material was written by a small group of writers under both their own names and house names. The cover art, like those of many other pulps of the era, focused on beautiful women in melodramatic action scenes. One regular cover artist was H.W. McCauley, whose glamorous "MacGirl" covers were popular with the readers, though the emphasis on depictions of attractive and often partly clothed women did draw some objections.

In 1949 Palmer left Ziff-Davis and was replaced by Howard Browne, who was knowledgeable and enthusiastic about fantasy fiction. Browne briefly managed to improve the quality of the fiction in Fantastic Adventures, and the period around 1951 has been described as the magazine's heyday. Browne lost interest when his plan to take Amazing Stories upmarket collapsed, and the magazine fell back into predictability. In 1952, Ziff-Davis launched another fantasy magazine, titled Fantastic, in a digest format; it was successful, and within a few months the decision was taken to end Fantastic Adventures in favor of Fantastic. The March 1953 issue of Fantastic Adventures was the last.

Fate (magazine)

Fate is a U.S. magazine about paranormal phenomena. Fate was co-founded in 1948 by Raymond A. Palmer (editor of Amazing Stories) and Curtis Fuller. Fate magazine is the longest-running magazine devoted to the paranormal. Promoted as "the world's leading magazine of the paranormal", it has published expert opinions and personal experiences relating to UFOs, psychic abilities, ghosts and hauntings, cryptozoology, alternative medicine, divination methods, belief in the survival of personality after death, Fortean phenomena, predictive dreams, mental telepathy, archaeology, warnings of death, and other paranormal topics.Though Fate is aimed at a popular audience and tends to emphasize personal anecdotes about the paranormal, American writer and frequent Fate contributor Jerome Clark says the magazine features a substantial amount of serious research and investigation, and occasional debunking of dubious claims. Subjects of such debunking articles have included Atlantis, the Bermuda Triangle, and the Amityville Horror.

First Fandom Hall of Fame award

First Fandom Hall of Fame is an annual award for contributions to the field of science fiction dating back more than 30 years. Contributions can be as a fan, writer, editor, artist, agent, or any combination of the five. It is awarded by First Fandom and is usually presented at the beginning of the World Science Fiction Convention's Hugo Award ceremony.

Flying Saucers (magazine)

Flying Saucers was a monthly magazine published and edited by Raymond A. Palmer, devoted to articles on UFOs and the Shaver Mystery.

Heteronym (literature)

The literary concept of the heteronym refers to one or more imaginary character(s) created by a writer to write in different styles. Heteronyms differ from pen names (or pseudonyms, from the Greek words for "false" and "name") in that the latter are just false names, while the former are characters that have their own supposed physiques, biographies, and writing styles.Heteronyms were named and developed by the Portuguese writer and poet Fernando Pessoa in the early 20th Century, but they were thoroughly explored by the Danish philosopher Kierkegaard in the 19th century and have also been used by other writers.

Hugo Award for Best Professional Editor

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award. The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing". The Hugo Award for Best Professional Editor is given each year for editors of magazines, novels, anthologies, or other works related to science fiction or fantasy. The award supplanted a previous award for professional magazine.

The award was first presented in 1973, and was given annually through 2006. Beginning in 2007, the award was split into two categories, that of Best Editor (Short Form) and Best Editor (Long Form). The Short Form award is for editors of anthologies, collections or magazines, while the Long Form award is for editors of novels. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given. To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1951, and 1954, and in each case an award for professional editor was given.Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with six nominees, except in the case of a tie. The works on the ballot are the six most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated. Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held. Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works; it was changed that year to six, with each initial nominator limited to five nominations. Worldcons are generally held near Labor Day, and are held in a different city around the world each year. Members are permitted to vote "no award", if they feel that none of the nominees is deserving of the award that year, and in the case that "no award" takes the majority the Hugo is not given in that category. This happened in both the Short Form and Long Form categories in 2015.During the 52 nomination years, 64 editors have been nominated for the original Best Professional Editor, the Short Form, or the Long Form award, including Retro Hugos. Of these, Gardner Dozois has received the most awards, with 15 original awards out of 19 nominations for the original category and one for the Short Form. The only other editors to win more than three awards are Ben Bova, who won 6 of 8 nominations for the original award, Ellen Datlow, who won 7 of 17 nominations, split between the original and short form awards, and John W. Campbell, Jr. with 6 out of 6 nominations for the Retro Hugo awards. The two editors who have won three times are Edward L. Ferman with 3 out of 20 original nominations and Patrick Nielsen Hayden with 3 out of 3 Long Form nominations. Stanley Schmidt has received the most nominations, at 27 original and 7 Short Form, winning one Short Form.

Kenneth Arnold

Kenneth Albert Arnold (March 29, 1915 – January 16, 1984) was an American aviator and businessman. He is best known for making what is generally considered the first widely reported modern unidentified flying object sighting in the United States, after claiming to have seen nine unusual objects flying in tandem near Mount Rainier, Washington on June 24, 1947.

Maury Island incident

The Maury Island Incident, June 21 1947, refers to claims made by Fred Crisman and Harold Dahl of falling debris and threats by men in black following sightings of unidentified flying objects in the sky over Maury Island in Puget Sound.

Other Worlds, Universe Science Fiction, and Science Stories

Other Worlds, Universe Science Fiction, and Science Stories were three related US magazines edited by Raymond A. Palmer. Other Worlds was launched in November 1949 by Palmer's Clark Publications and lasted for four years in its first run, with well-received stories such as "Enchanted Village" by A. E. van Vogt and "Way in the Middle of the Air", one of Ray Bradbury's "Martian Chronicle" stories. Since Palmer was both publisher and editor, he was free to follow his own editorial policy, and presented a wide array of science fiction.

Palmer entered a partnership with a Chicago businessman in 1953 to create Bell Publications, and printed Universe Science Fiction from June 1953. Palmer used the new company to abandon Other Worlds and launch Science Stories, in order to escape from Clark Publications' financial difficulties. Hence Science Stories can be considered a continuation of Other Worlds. Science Stories was visually attractive but contained no memorable fiction. Universe, on the other hand, was drab in appearance, but included some well-received stories, such as Theodore Sturgeon's "The World Well Lost", which examined homosexuality, a controversial topic for the time.

Palmer's Chicago partner lost interest, so he took over both Science Stories and Universe Science Fiction under a new company. In 1955 he culled both magazines and brought back Other Worlds, numbering the issues to make the new magazine appear a continuation of both the original Other Worlds and also of Universe. In this new incarnation the magazine was less successful, but did print Marion Zimmer Bradley's first novel, Falcons of Narabedla. In 1957 Palmer changed the focus of the magazine to unidentified flying objects (UFOs), retitling it Flying Saucers from Other Worlds, and after the September 1957 issue no more fiction appeared. Palmer eventually settled on Flying Saucers, Mysteries of the Space Age as the title, and in that form it survived until June 1976.

Palmer (surname)

Palmer is an occupational surname of old English, Norman French, German and Scottish origin. Notable people with the surname include:

Abiah W. Palmer (1835–1881), New York politician

Adele Palmer (1915–2008), American costume designer

Adidja Azim Palmer , the Jamaican DJ Vybz Kartel

Adrian Palmer, 4th Baron Palmer

Alan Palmer, an author of historical and biographical books

Alexander Mitchell Palmer, (1872–1936), American politician, Attorney General of the US 1919–1921

Alfred Brian Palmer MBE, DSC, (1899–1993), Royal Navy Reserve captain

Alice Freeman Palmer, (1855–1902), American educator

Amanda Palmer (born 1976), American singer and pianist

Amanda Palmer (journalist), Australian journalist

Amy Palmer (born 1975), American hammer thrower

Andy Palmer (born 1963), English engineer and businessman

Arnold Palmer (1929–2016), American golfer

Austin Norman Palmer (1860–1927), American author of the Palmer Method of penmanship

B. J. Palmer (1882–1961), American chiropractor

Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland (1640–1709), English mistress of King Charles II

Benjamin M. Palmer (1818–1902), American theologian and church leader

Bertha Palmer (1849–1918), American businesswoman, socialite, and philanthropist

Beth Palmer (born 1952), American bridge player

Betsy Palmer (1926–2015), American actress

Billy Palmer (born 1888), English footballer

Brecken Palmer (born 1998), only son of Kansas descendants

Bruce Palmer (1946–2004), Canadian folk-rock musician

Bruce Palmer Jr. (1913–2000), American army general

Bruce Palmer (basketball), American-born international basketball coach

Carl Palmer (born 1950), English musician of the trio Emerson, Lake & Palmer

Carlton Palmer (born 1965), English footballer

Carson Palmer (born 1979), American professional football player

Sir Charles Palmer, 1st Baronet (1822–1907), British shipbuilder and Liberal MP

Charles Palmer (cricketer) (1919–2005), English county and test cricketer and cricket administrator

Charles Stuart William Palmer (1930–2001), British Judoka (10th Dan)

Clive Palmer (businessman) (born 1954), Australian mining magnate

Clive Palmer (musician) (born 1943), British folk musician

Corky Palmer (born 1954), American college baseball coach

Daniel David Palmer (1845–1913), Canadian-American chiropractor

Dee Palmer (born 1937), British musician with the rock band Jethro Tull

Diana Palmer (author) (born 1946), American best-selling author of romantic novels

Donald Palmer is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the College of Marin in Kentfield

Earl Palmer (born 1924), American rock-and-roll drummer

Edmund Palmer, C.B. (Captain) (1781–1834) Royal Navy officer

Edward Palmer (Canadian politician) (1809–1889), Canadian politician from Prince Edward Island

Edward Palmer (botanist) (1829–1911), English botanist

Edward Palmer (socialist) (1802–1886), American utopian socialist

Edward Henry Palmer (1840–1882), English orientalist

Elihu Palmer (1794–1806), American ex-Baptist minister and author

Ephraim Laurence Palmer (1888–1970), American science educator and conservationist

Erastus Dow Palmer (1817–1904), American sculptor

Ernest Palmer (American cinematographer) (1885–1978), Hollywood cinematographer

Ernest Palmer (British cinematographer) (1901–1964), British cinematographer

Ernest Palmer, 1st Baron Palmer (1858–1948), British businessman and patron of music

Felicity Palmer (born 1944), English operatic soprano

Floyd Palmer, business man and founder of Palmer Bus Service

Francis W. Palmer (1827–1907), American publisher and politician

Frank R. Palmer (born 1922), British linguist, Professor Emeritus of Linguistic Science at the University of Reading

Frederick Palmer (engineer) (born 1860), British civil engineer

Frederick Palmer (journalist) (1873–1958), American writer and war correspondent

Frederick Christian Palmer (1866–1941), photographer

Frederick William Palmer (1891–1955), World War I Victoria Cross recipient

Frederick William J. Palmer (1864–1947), British engineer

Garrick Palmer (born 1933), British painter, wood engraver and photographer

Geoffrey Palmer (actor) (born 1927), English comedy actor

Geoffrey Palmer (politician) (born 1942), Prime Minister of New Zealand 1989–1990

George Hastings Palmer (born 1881), politician of Manitoba, Canada

George Herbert Palmer (1842–1933), American author and philosopher

George Josiah Palmer (1828–1892), British newspaper founder.

George Llewellen Palmer (1857–1932), British Conservative Party politician

George Palmer (businessman) (1818–1897), Quaker entrepreneur and biscuit manufacturer of Reading, England

George Palmer (color theorist) (c.1746–1826), aka George Giros de Gentilly, English dye chemist, color theorist, inventor, and soldier

George "Joey" Palmer (1859–1910), Australian cricketer

George Palmer (composer) (born 1947), Australian classical composer and judge of the NSW Supreme Court

George Palmer (rugby league) rugby league footballer of the 1950s, for Batley and England

George William Palmer (England) (1851–1913), politician

George William Palmer (New York) (1818–1916), politician

Gladys L. Palmer (1895–1967), American social statistician

Gordon William Nottage Palmer, younger son of Ernest Palmer, 2nd Baron Palmer

Harold E. Palmer (1887–1949), linguist, phonetician, founder of IRLT

Harry Palmer (author) (born 1944), American founder of the Avatar self-development system

Harry Palmer (photographer) (born 1930), Canadian photographer

Helen Palmer (archer) (born 1974), British archer, 2004 Olympics contestant

Helen Palmer (publisher) (1917–1979), Australian publisher, educationalist, author, historian

Helen Palmer Geisel (1899–1967), author and wife of Theodor Geisel (Dr. Seuss)

Henry Spencer Palmer (1838–1893), British army military engineer and surveyor

Herbert Edward Palmer (1880–1961), English poet and critic

Herbert James Palmer (1851–1939), Canadian politician from Prince Edward Island

Innis N. Palmer (1824–1900), United States Civil War general

J. Lynn Palmer, American statistician

James Palmer Jr. (born 1996), American collegiate basketball player

James A. Palmer, who signed his work J. A. Palmer, (1825–June 1896), an Irish-American photographer

James Shedden Palmer (1810–1867), American admiral in the US Navy during the Civil War

Jared Palmer (born 1971), American professional tennis player

Jesse Palmer (born 1978), Canadian professional football player

Jim Palmer (born 1945), American professional baseball player

Joel Palmer (1810–1881), Canadian-born American pioneer and politician

John Palmer (disambiguation)

Jolyon Palmer, British racing driver, son of Jonathan Palmer

Jonathan Palmer (born 1956), British racing driver and racing commentator

Jonathan Palmer (American football) (born 1983), American professional football player

Joseph B. Palmer (1825–1890), Confederate general

June Palmer (1940–2004), British model

Kate Palmer (netball), Chief Executive Officer of Netball Australia

Katherine Van Winkle Palmer (1895–1982), American paleontologist

Keith Palmer (police officer) (1969–2017), British police officer who was killed in the 2017 Westminster attack and posthumously awarded the George Medal

Keke Palmer (born 1993), American actress

Ken Palmer (born 1937), British Test cricketer and cricket umpire

Leonard Robert Palmer (1906–1984) British philologist and linguist

Les Palmer (American football) (1923–2006), American football player

Lilli Palmer (1914–1986), German-American actress

Lillian Palmer (disambiguation), multiple people

Lowell Palmer (born 1947), American baseball player

Mark Palmer (born 1941), American statesman, former ambassador to Hungary

Michael Palmer (born 1943), American poet and translator

Michael Palmer (conductor) (born 1945), American orchestral conductor

Michael Palmer (novelist) (born 1942), American novelist

Minnie Palmer (1857-1936), American actress

Missy Palmer, voice actor

N. A. Palmer, guitarist for anarcho-punk band Crass

Nathaniel Palmer (1799–1877), American sailor, ship design innovator, first American to see Antarctica

Nettie Palmer (1885–1964), Australian literary figure

Nick Palmer (born 1950), British politician and member of parliament

Olive Palmer (1902–1976), second wife of John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada

Orio Palmer, battalion chief of NYC Fire Department who died trying to rescue occupants of World Trade Center on 9/11

Parker Palmer (born 1939), American author, educator and activist

Patricia Palmer (born 1955), Argentine actress

Patricia Palmer, alias of the American actress Margaret Gibson

Patsy Palmer (born 1972), English actress; real name Julie Anne Harris

Pete Palmer, American baseball statistician

Phoebe Palmer (1807–1874), American Methodist evangelist and writer

Potter Palmer (1826–1902), American businessman and real estate developer in Chicago, Illinois

Raymond A. Palmer (1910–1977), American science fiction writer

Richard Palmer (disambiguation)

Rissi Palmer, American country singer-songwriter

Robert E. A. Palmer II (1933–2006), American ancient historian

Robert Roswell Palmer (1909–2002), American historian

Robert Palmer (singer) (1949–2003), English singer

Robert Palmer (writer) (1945–1977), American writer and musician

Rodney Palmer (1907–1987), English cricketer and soldier

Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine (1634–1705), Irish earl, husband of Barbara Villiers Palmer

Roger Palmer (footballer) (born 1959), English ex-footballer

Romie J. Palmer (1921–2014), American politician and jurist

Roundell Palmer, 1st Earl of Selborne (1812–1895), British politician

Roy Palmer (musician) (1892–1963), American jazz trombonist

Roy Palmer (cricketer) (born 1942), English cricketer

Roy Palmer (folklorist) (1932–2015), singer, teacher, folklorist, author and historian

Ryan Palmer (born 1976), American professional golfer

Ryan Palmer (chess player) (born 1974), Jamaican chess champion and teacher

Samuel Palmer (1805–1881), English landscape painter

Sandra Palmer (born 1943), American professional golfer

Shaun Palmer (born 1968), professional snowboarder

Shelly Palmer, American composer of television music

Stanley Palmer, American academic

Stanley Palmer (New Zealand), artist

Stephen Palmer (disambiguation)

Tara Palmer-Tomkinson (1971 - 2017), British TV personality, model and pianist

Theodore Sherman Palmer (1868–1955), American zoologist

Tim Palmer, British music producer, audio engineer and musician

Tim Palmer (physicist) (born 1952)

Tobias Palmer (born 1990), American football player

Tom G. Palmer (born 1956), American libertarian

Tom P. Palmer, English rugby player

Tony Palmer, British film director and author

Vance Palmer (1885–1959), Australian literary figure

Vincent Palmer (1966–2004), British criminal

Walter Palmer (disambiguation)

William Palmer (murderer) (1824–1856), English physician and murderer

William Jackson Palmer (1836–1909), American industrialist and general in the American Civil War

William Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne (1859–1942), British politician

Ray Palmer

Ray Palmer may refer to:

Raymond A. Palmer, science-fiction writer

Raymond F. Palmer, medical professor

Ray Palmer (pastor), American pastor and author of hymns

Atom (Ray Palmer), a DC Comics comic book character

Robert Webster

Robert Webster may refer to:

Robert Webster (virologist) (born 1932), New Zealand avian influenza expert

Sir Robert Webster (politician), Australian company director, grazier, parliamentarian and chancellor of University of New South Wales

Robert M. Webster (1892–1972), United States Air Force major general

Robert N. Webster, a pseudonym of Raymond A. Palmer

Robert Webster, footballer, co-founder of Norwich City F.C.

Robert Edward Webster, a US plastics technician who defected to the Soviet Union in 1959, returning in 1962

Robert Grant Webster (Conservative MP), British Member of the UK Parliament for St Pancras East

Bob Webster (born 1938), American, former Olympic diving champion

Science fiction fandom

Science fiction fandom or SF fandom is a community or fandom of people interested in science fiction in contact with one another based upon that interest. SF fandom has a life of its own, but not much in the way of formal organization (although clubs such as the Futurians (1937–1945) are a recognized example of organized fandom).

Most often called simply "fandom" within the community, it can be viewed as a distinct subculture, with its own literature and jargon; marriages and other relationships among fans are common, as are multi-generational fan families.

T. O'Conor Sloane

Thomas O'Conor Sloane (November 21, 1851 – August 7, 1940) was the editor of Amazing Stories from 1929-38 as T. O'Conor Sloane. In 1938, publisher Ziff-Davis bought the magazine and moved its production to Chicago, naming Raymond A. Palmer as Sloane's successor.

The Comet

The Comet was an American science fiction fanzine, the first of its kind.

The Time Traveller (fanzine)

The Time Traveller was one of the earliest science fiction fanzines, started in 1932. It grew out of a New York City fan club called the Scienceers and was started by Mort Weisinger, Julius Schwartz, Allen Glasser, and Forrest J Ackerman. Initially, Glasser was the "Editor" of the zine, Weisinger "Associate Editor," Schwartz "Managing Editor," and Ackerman "Contributing Editor." (Three of the four editors were 15–17 years old at the time. Allen Glasser was born in 1908.)

According to SF historian Sam Moskowitz, The Time Traveller was the first fanzine to be devoted exclusively to science fiction. It went through a series of incarnations and title switches (Science Fiction Digest; Fantasy Magazine) before it ceased publication in January 1937. The zine's chief claim to fame was its publication of a 17-part round-robin story called Cosmos (July 1933 – December 1934), each part written by a different writer. The roster of Cosmos writers included many of the leading lights of SF, fantasy, horror, and adventure fiction in that era, including A. Merritt, E.E. "Doc" Smith, Edmond Hamilton, John W. Campbell, E. Hoffmann Price, and Otis Adelbert Kline. The others involved were David H. Keller, P. Schuyler Miller, Arthur J. Burks, Ralph Milne Farley, "Eando Binder," Francis Flagg, Lloyd Arthur Eshbach, Bob Olsen, J. Harvey Haggard, and Abner J. Gelula; Raymond A. Palmer wrote one installment under his own name, and another under the pseudonym "Rae Winters." Hamilton composed the final episode of the serial, and finished with a bang, destroying the planets Pluto, Neptune, and Uranus with an atomic disintegrator ray.

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