Ratlam

Ratlam pronunciation  known historically as Ratnapuri (lit. gem city) is a city in the northwestern part of the Malwa region in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. The city of Ratlam lies 480 metres (1,575 feet) above sea level. It is the administrative headquarters of Ratlam district, which was created in 1947 after the independence of India.[2] The most famous Jain tirth Bibrod Tirth and also Kalika Mata Temple, Isarthuni, Satrunda Mataji Temple, Bilpank Mahadev Temple, Kedareshwar Temple(Sailana), Cactus Garden (Sailana), and Hussain Tekri(Jaora) are situated here.

Ratlam
City
Ratlam is located in Madhya Pradesh
Ratlam
Ratlam
Coordinates: 23°20′02″N 75°02′13″E / 23.334°N 75.037°ECoordinates: 23°20′02″N 75°02′13″E / 23.334°N 75.037°E
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
RegionMalwa
DistrictRatlam
Government
 • BodyRatlam municipal corporation
Area
 • Total50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
480 m (1,570 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total300,000
 • Rank9th in Madhya Pradesh
 • Density6,000/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ratlami
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
457001
Telephone code07412
Vehicle registrationMP-43
ClimateHumid subtropical climate (Köppen)
Precipitation937 millimetres (36.9 in)
Avg. annual temperature24 °C (75 °F)
Avg. summer temperature28 °C (82 °F)
Avg. winter temperature16 °C (61 °F)
Websitewww.ratlam.nic.in

Early history

Ratlam State was founded in 1652 by a great-grandson of Raja Udai Singh of Jodhpur, namely Raja Ratan Singhji, son of Mahesh Das of Jalor. The latter, father, and son, had performed important military services for the Emperor Shah Jahan by defeating the Persians and Uzbeks in Afghanistan. In reward for their services and in recognition of their great deeds of valour, large territories in the south-western districts of Rajputana and northern Malwa were conferred on them. Their capital became Rattram named after Raj Ratan Singh and his first son Ram Singh as "Ratram", which later got translated to Ratlam.

Maharaja Ratan Singh 1652/1658, courageous in youth, he gained Padshah Shah Jahans notice by calming the Emperors favourite elephant which had run amok in the Agra Palace Garden, fought for the Emperor against the Persians in Kabul and Qandahar, later in 1652, the Emperor substituted Jalore for the pargana of Ratlam and many other areas, and he became the first Raja of Ratlam, in 1658 a false rumour of the death of the Emperor resulted in a frenzied scramble for succession to the throne amongst his sons. Dara Shikoh who was officiating for his father, sent a combined army of Rajputs and Muslims under the command of Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur, against his brother Aurangzeb. The Maharaja, as head of the Rathore clan, was persuaded to hand over command of the Imperial army to Maharaja Ratan Singh. Non-cooperation by the Muslim commanders resulted in the army sustaining heavy losses in the fierce battle at Dharmat, as well as the death of Ratan Singh (said to have sustained 80 sword wounds on his body), he married (amongst others), Maharani Sukhroopde Kanwar Shekhawat Ji Sahiba, daughter of Kunwar Purshottam Das of Jhajhar [Shekhawati], and had issue. He died in 1658 in battle at Dharmat near Ujjain.

Commercial history

Founded by Captain Borthwick in 1829, Ratlam was one of the first commercial cities established in Central India. The city quickly became known for trading in opium, tobacco, and salt, as well as for its bargains called "Sattas". Before the opening of the Rajputana State Railway to Khandwa in 1872, there was no better place to trade than in Ratlam.

The city is known for its love of food, its taste particularly the world popular salty snack 'Ratlami Sev'. The purity of Gold Jewellery and Saree Market of Ratlam outshines in India.

Princely history

Ratlam was part of the Malwa Agency of Central India during the British Raj. The state's capital was Ratlam town in modern Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh. Ratlam was originally a huge state, but the then ruler Ratan Singh opposed Aurangzeb in the Battle of Dharmatpur and was killed after a brave fight. The state was then reduced and the title of Maharaja has eventually stripped away; the title was later restored by the British during Maharaja Sajjan Singh's rule. On 5 January 1819 Ratlam State became a British protectorate

The state had an area of 902 sq mi, which was closely interlaced with the territories of the princely state of Sailana. In 1901, Ratlam State had a population of 83,773,[3] with the city population of 36,321. The state had an estimated revenue of £34,000 and paid a £2,850 tribute.

Geography

Ratlam is located at coordinates: 23°19′0″N 75°04′0″E / 23.31667°N 75.06667°E (23.316667, 75.066667). The city has an area of 22.0 square miles (50.0 km²). It is very close to the borders of Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Climate

Ratlam, like most of Madhya Pradesh, has humid subtropical climate (Cfa) zone. Three distinct seasons are observed: summer, monsoon and winter. Summers start in mid-March and can be extremely hot from April through June. Highs can reach 112 °F (44 °C), although the humidity is extremely low. The monsoon season starts in late June, with temperatures averaging around 100 °F (38 °C), with sustained, torrential rainfall and high humidity. The average rain fall is 37 inches (937 mm). Winters start in mid-November and are dry, cool and sunny. Temperatures average about 39–46 °F (4–8 °C), but can fall close to freezing on some nights.[4] Ratlam gets moderate rainfall of 35 to 38 inches (890 to 970 mm) from July through September, due to the southwest monsoon.

Demographics

According to the 2011 Census, the city of Ratlam has a population of 2,64,810, of which 1,35,007 are male and 1,29,803 are female. The population density was 107 people per square mile (277/km²).[5]

Transportation

Railways

Ratlam Junction is a major junction on Delhi-Mumbai and Ajmer-Khandwa Rail routes and rail division of Indian Railways on broad gauge lines on Western Railways Zone. Ratlam junction is Divisional headquarters of Western Railway Zone.[6] There are four major railway tracks passing through Ratlam City, leading to Mumbai, Delhi, Ajmer and Khandwa. It is one of the major Railway Junction of Western Railways. Ratlam Junction experiences halt of around 157 trains on a daily basis. All the major superfast trains like Rajdhani, Garib Rath have their staff changing stoppage at Ratlam Junction.

Ratlam is also the first ever clean train station of Indian Railways network. Under this scheme, Indian Railways has introduced cleaning of coaches of a train en route while it halts at a particular station for 15 to 20 minutes. The entire train is cleaned with vacuum cleaners and toilets are washed with handheld portable HP cleaners.[7]

Ratlam station is believed to be one of the busiest railway stations in India.[8]

Ratlam Junction is referred in 2007 Hindi romantic comedy film Jab We Met.[9] though the shooting had not happened actually in Ratlam and the places and locations mentioned in the film don’t exist in the city.

Roads

Ratlam is connected to Indore and Neemuch via National Highway 79. This four-lane highway runs from Indore to Chittorgarh to join the Golden Quadrilateral.

The city has regular bus services to Udaipur, Banswara, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Indore, Bhopal, Dhar, Ujjain, Petlawad, Jhabua, etc. Ratlam almost halfway points on Mumbai Delhi Highway

Ratlam has local city transport in the form of Auto Rickshaws, Tata Magic and coming up city buses.

Airport

Ratlam does not have any airport but has an airstrip on Banjali. The nearest airport is Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Airport at Indore (137 km), Raja Bhoj Airport at Bhopal (289 km), Maharana Pratap Airport at Udaipur (252 km), Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport at Ahmedabad (340 km).

Economy

Business

Ratlam has several industries which manufacture copper wire, plastic ropes, chemicals and artificial oxygen, among other products. Ratlam is also very well known for Gold, Ratlami Sev, Ratlami Saari and its people. Ratlami Sev is registered as a geographical indication (GI). A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin. People can be seen pouring from distant places for gold purchase owing to the purity of gold here. Ratlam gold markets bloom during festive and marital seasons.

Ratlami Sev is a very popular food product throughout the country. Made of gram flour and pepper, its unique taste can be attributed to the climate and water of Ratlam. The taste has become famous over the years and Ratlami sev is now exported to foreign countries including Americas and Gulf. One of ratlam's businessmen patent "Ratlami sev" word for Ratlam city only, it means whoever belongs to Ratlam does manufacturing or production of sev and namkeen in by following all the FSSAI rules. Ratlami Sev attained global recognition as it received geographical Indication (GI) certification.

Ratlam is a shopping centre for people of nearby areas and has markets well planned in terms of traffic handling capacity and road layout. Traditional Rajasthani and Gujarati handwork and kitchen wares can be seen throughout the market.

Ratlam has five shopping mall Pakiza, Vishal Mega Mart, D-Mart, Choupal Sagar, Sarvanand Bazar and many branded showrooms like Reliance Trends, Woodland, Raymond's, Puma, Bata, Lee, etc.

Ratlam city has many cinema halls and a multiplex (Gayatri Cinemas with 3D Gaming zone).

On a broader base, markets are rooted in the good old traditional Indian culture. There are some international fast food restaurant and ice cream parlour like Domino's, Sam's pizza. [10][11]

Agriculture

The major crops grown in the district include Soybean, Wheat, Maize, Gram, Cotton, Garlic, Onion, Peas, Guava, Pomegranate, Grapes & Opium in the region of Jaora Tehsil of Ratlam.

Ratlam is also known for there farmer farming practices. Many farmers are recognised by Government & Reputative organisation. Some name of the farmers are Jitendra Patidar from Titari for Ambi Vineyard, & Jaydeep Krashi Firm owner of Jayprakash Patidar & Deepak Patidar from Karamdi for India National Record in Soybean Production 42.15 Quantal/Hectare & One of the best Orchard of VNR BIHI-1 Guava (Thai Guava) in India. Jaydeep Krashi Firm Guava is 100% Residue free Guava & Export Quality Guava. JDKF is sell there fruits in India’s Metro city Delhi, Mumbai, & Bangalore. His guava is Exported to England and Arab Country.

Education

Ratlam has fair school level education with numerous English and Hindi medium schools. The city has three government schools including Kendriya Vidyalaya[12] , govt. h.s.s. for Excellence Ratlam, Jawahar higher secondary school and top rated private schools namely Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Academy, St. Joseph Convent School, Himalaya International School, Morning Star School, Mount Litera Zee School, Podar International School, Ratlam Public School, etc. Ratlam as the ruling schools in studies. The city has three government colleges in Commerce, Science and Arts. The city also boasts of a homeopathic college, two engineering colleges and there is medical college also

Jain Temple

Shri Nageshwar Parshwanath Tirth

This Temple is a Shwetambar Jain Temple dedicated to Parshvanatha, the 23rd tirthankar of Jainism. This temple is situated at the junction line of the border of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan State. This temple is considered very miraculous. Moolnayak of this temple is a green colored Parshwanath with hood of 7 cobras. This 13½ feet idol is carved from a single emerald stone. The idol is around 2850 years old. It is believed that this statue was crafted by Dharnendra. Near the Lord's idol, there are also other idols of Lord Shri Shantinath Swami & Lord Shri Mahavir Swami. On the wall, behind the 7 faces of the snake that is spread over the idol's head as a shelter, is a hole which houses a snake, The snake is rarely seen coming out from its hole. A lucky person can only have a glimpse of it. It is either seen in black or white color.[13]

Bibrod Tirth

Adinath Bhagwan, Bibrod
Idol of Adinath at Bibrod Tirth

Bibrod Tirth is a 13th-century Temple. This temple is dedicated to Adinath, the 1st tirthankar of Jainism. Moolnayak is a 2.5 ft black-colored idol of Bhagawan Adinath in the Padmasana posture. The inscription on his idol belongs to a period earlier than even the thirteenth century.

kalka mata temple

This temple well-known hindu temple and gathering place with popular gardens and nearby street food vendors. This temple is established by the royal family. The temple has a pond which is called jhali talab in the name of a queen. Behind the temple,14 ram-bag and government offices and dist. court. In the ram-bag 14 lives Kamdar Bekhala Shrestha, who came from Nepal and Kamdar of Royal Family of Ratlam since 1947.He came from Nepal. late queen smt. Prabharajaya Laxmi is from nepal and Kandar Bekhalal came with her. Pashupati, Narendra, Bhupandra, Gajandra are family member. There are big gardens here.

References

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. ^ Ratlam District Information, ratlam.nic.in. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ a b Indore, India Weather (closest to Ratlam), weatherbase.com, 15 March 2012.
  5. ^ Ratlam City 2011 Census Data, Census-2011.co.in. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  6. ^ Ratlam Junction http://ratlam.nic.in/profile.html#TRANSPORT
  7. ^ Clean Train Station http://relyoncts.com/service-location-ratlam.php
  8. ^ Western Railway - Ratlam, indianrailways.gov. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  9. ^ Jab We Met
  10. ^ "District Ratlam - Madhya Pradesh India". Retrieved 15 September 2012.
  11. ^ "Ratlamwala website".
  12. ^ http://www.kvrtm.edu.in
  13. ^ http://nageshwartirth.org/about_the_temple_idol.php

External links

*[1]
Akola–Ratlam line

The Akola–Ratlam rail line is a railway line in India linking Akola in Maharashtra with Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh.

Badnagar railway station

Badnagar Railway Station (Station code: BNG) is one of the local railway stations in Ujjain district which serves town of Badnagar. The station was previously used to be meter gauge station on Ratlam-Indore meter gauge line.

In 2015, Ratlam-Indore meter gauge line was converted into broad gauge line, hence connecting Indore and Ratlam directly.

Dahod railway station

Dahod railway station is a railway station serving Dahod town, in Dahod district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Ratlam railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. It is located on New Delhi–Mumbai main line of the Indian Railways.Dahod is well connected by rail to Indore Junction, Bhopal Junction, Jabalpur Junction, Hazrat Nizamuddin, Jaipur Junction, Udaipur City, Ahmedabad Junction, Amritsar Junction, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra, Dehradun, Mumbai Central, Muzaffarpur Junction, Firozpur Cantonment, Varanasi Junction.

The Dahod - Indore Rail Project is scheduled for completion at the end of 2022. Dahod will be connect to Indore through Dhar and Jhabua. Dahod - Indore Rail Project is 204.76 km long.

Dhar railway station

Dhar railway station is a small railway station in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is DHAR. It serves Dhar city. The station consists of two platforms. The station lies on Chhota Udaipur - Dhar railway line which come under Ratlam railway division of Western Railway.

Diesel Loco Shed, Mhow

Mhow Diesel Loco Shed is a Meter-Gauge engine shed located in Mhow, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located to south of Mhow railway station, it falls under the Ratlam railway division of Western Railway. It is the smallest of the three locomotive sheds in the Western Railway zone.

Diesel Loco Shed, Ratlam

Diesel Loco Shed, Ratlam is a engine shed located in Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh in India. It is located north-east of Ratlam Junction falling under Ratlam railway division. The shed caters to the need of freight as well as passenger

trains.Of the three loco sheds in the Western Railway zone, this is the largest among them followed by Vatwa, and Sabarmati .

Dr. Ambedkar Nagar railway station

The Dr. Ambedkar Nagar railway station is one of the local railway stations in Dr. Ambedkar Nagar, a suburb of Indore.

This station on the Delhi-Hyderabad Meter gauge line was founded in the 1870s. The station is equipped with two reservation counters. It is a meter gauge station but broad gauge conversion work is going on.Mhow has been connected to Indore and Khandwa by metre gauge railway lines. In 2008, the Union Cabinet approved the gauge conversion for the Ratlam-Mhow-Khandwa-Akola railway line. (472.64 km). The cost of the gauge conversion would be about Rs.1421.25 crore.In January 2017, the station was named after Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar.

Fatehabad Chandrawatiganj Junction railway station

Fatehabad Chandrawatiganj Junction (station code: FTD) is a railway station in Ujjain. The station was previously used as a meter gauge station on Ratlam–Indore line. Fatehabad has a connecting route to Ujjain Junction on meter gauge line.

In 2015, Ratlam-Indore was converted into broad gauge line, directly connecting Indore and Ratlam.Fatehabad and Chandrawati Ganj are two villages on the Indore Ujjain district border. Fatehabad village is under Ujjain district and Chandrawati Ganj is under Indore district.

Gautampura Road railway station

Gautampura Road railway station (station code: GPX) is one of the local railway stations in Ujjain. The station used to be a meter gauge station on Ratlam-Indore meter gauge line.

In 2015, Ratlam-Indore meter gauge line was converted into a board gauge line, hence connecting Indore and Ratlam directly.

Indore Junction railway station

Indore Junction (station code: INDB) is one of the railway junctions in Madhya Pradesh and serves Indore, the commercial capital of Central India. The railway station of Indore Junction BG falls under the administrative control of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. It consists of 6 main railway platforms. The Ujjain – Indore route and Indore Junction was electrified in 2011. The Station is located 1 km away from the city centre. It is one of the ISO Certified Railway Stations of India.

Jaora railway station

Jaora railway station is a main railway station in Jaora city of Madhya Pradesh. Its code is JAO. Jaora is an important broad gauge railway station of the Ajmer - Ratlam line. Jaora is well connected to Ratlam, Ujjain via Nagda and Kota & Bundi in Rajasthan via Chittorgarh.

Ratlam Junction railway station

Ratlam Junction railway station is a major rail junction on the New Delhi–Mumbai main line of Indian Railways.

Ratlam State

Ratlam State was a 13 gun salute (15 local) princely state in India, part of the Malwa Agency of Central India during the British Raj.

The state's capital was Ratlam town in modern Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh. Ratlam was originally a huge kingdom, its parganas (districts) included Dharar, Badnawar, Dagparawa, Alot, Titrod, Kotri, Gadgucha, Agar, Nahargarh, Kanar, Bhilara and Ramgharia yielding a revenue of Rs.53,00,000 in the 17th century.

Ratlam district

Ratlam District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The town of Ratlam is administrative headquarters of the district.

Ratlam railway division

Ratlam railway division is one of the six railway divisions under Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 1 April 1952 and its headquarter is located at Ratlam in the state of Madhya Pradesh of India.

Mumbai WR railway division, Ahmedabad railway division, Bhavnagar railway division, Rajkot railway division and Vadodara railway division are the other five railway divisions under WR Zone headquartered at Churchgate, Mumbai.

Rau railway station

The Rau railway station is one of the local railway stations in Rau a suburb of Indore.Rau is situated on rail line from Ratlam to Akola. Rail line is now converted from metergauge to broadgauge between ratlam to Mhow. Rau is well connected to Indore, Ratlam, Mhow, Khandwa, Akola and Ujjain. Nearest broadgauge railway station is the main railway station that is at Indore BG which is 18 km away. The next nearest stations are Mhow (Dr. Ambedkar Nagar railway station) towards the south which is around 13 km to the south and Tihi which is the on the new Indore-Dahod & Indore-Chota Udepur railway line which is under construction. Rau is soon to be an official junction once the aforementioned lines become fully operational for passengers. The new line which diverges to the west is single line broadgauge and non-electrified railway line mainly used to transport containers from pithampur dry containers port near Tihi. The new railway line from Rau is laid till Tihi and the is under progress at snails pace. In 2008, the Union Cabinet approved the gauge conversion for the Ratlam-Mhow-Khandwa-Akola railway line.(472.64 km). The cost of the gauge conversion would be about Rs.1421.25 crore.

Thandla Road railway station

Thandla Road railway station is a small railway station in Ratlam district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is THDR. It serves Sajeli Damanasath village. The station consists of two platforms, neither well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Ujjain Junction railway station

Ujjain Junction railway station is the main railway station of Ujjain City in the western part of Madhya Pradesh. Its code is UJN.The railway station of Ujjain is located on Broad Gauge line and falls under the administrative control of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. It consists of 8 main railway platforms.

Western Railway zone

The Western Railway (abbreviated WR and प रे) is one of the 18 zones of Indian Railways, and is among the busiest railway networks in India. The major railway routes of Indian Railways which come under Western Railways are: Mumbai Central - Ratlam, Mumbai Central - Ahmedabad and Palanpur - Ahmedabad. The railway system is divided into six operating divisions: Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Ratlam, and Mumbai Central. Vadodara railway station, being the junction point for the Ahmedabad - Mumbai route and the Mumbai - Ratlam route towards New Delhi, is the busiest junction Station in Western Railways and one of the busiest junctions of Indian Railways too, while Ahmedabad Division earns highest revenue followed by Mumbai Division and Vadodara Division. Surat railway station is one of the busiest railway station in Western Railway in non-junction category where more than 160 trains pass per day.

Western Railway General Manager's official bungalow 'Bombarci' (abbreviation of Bombay, Baroda and Central India) is located on Altamont road in Cumbala hill, Mumbai.

Climate data for Ratlam, India (December 2010 - December 2011)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 91
(33)
97
(36)
103
(39)
112
(44)
112
(44)
111
(44)
100
(38)
97
(36)
102
(39)
104
(40)
99
(37)
91
(33)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 75
(24)
82
(28)
91
(33)
99
(37)
101
(38)
93
(34)
84
(29)
81
(27)
86
(30)
88
(31)
83
(28)
78
(26)
87
(31)
Average low °F (°C) 42
(6)
48
(9)
60
(16)
68
(20)
74
(23)
77
(25)
74
(23)
72
(22)
71
(22)
67
(19)
52
(11)
45
(7)
63
(17)
Record low °F (°C) 32
(0)
33
(1)
45
(7)
48
(9)
59
(15)
59
(15)
52
(11)
52
(11)
55
(13)
50
(10)
39
(4)
33
(1)
32
(0)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.3
(7.6)
0.1
(2.5)
0.1
(2.5)
0.1
(2.5)
0.6
(15)
5.4
(140)
11.7
(300)
12.2
(310)
7.3
(190)
1.4
(36)
0.7
(18)
0.3
(7.6)
36.2
(920)
Source: Weatherbase.com[4]
Cities and towns in Ujjain division
Agar Malwa district
Dewas district
Mandsaur district
Neemuch district
Ratlam district
Shajapur district
Ujjain district
Related topics
Cities and towns
in other divisions

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