Ranni

Ranni sometimes spelled Ranny, is a small town in the Pathanamthitta district of Kerala, in India. The taluk headquarters is a small township on both sides of the Pamba River. Ranni is also one of the largest taluks in Kerala. The renowned Hindu temple of Sabarimala is in this taluk, situated approximately 66 km from the main town, Ittiappara. Ranni is known for its natural environment, forests, hills, river and good climate.[1][2]

Ranni

Ranny
Town/Taluk
The dilapidated old bridge and new bridge at Ranni
The dilapidated old bridge and new bridge at Ranni
Ranni is located in Kerala
Ranni
Ranni
Location in Kerala, India
Ranni is located in India
Ranni
Ranni
Ranni (India)
Coordinates: 9°22′0″N 76°46′0″E / 9.36667°N 76.76667°ECoordinates: 9°22′0″N 76°46′0″E / 9.36667°N 76.76667°E
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictPathanamthitta
Area
 • Total1,004 km2 (388 sq mi)
Elevation
331 m (1,086 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total207,733
 • Density207/km2 (540/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
689672
Telephone code04735
Vehicle registrationKL-62
Nearest cityPathanamthitta
Sex ratio47:50 /
Literacy95%
Lok Sabha constituencyPathanamthitta

Etymology

Ranni is derived from similar word in malayalam which means "Queen" or "Rani". Ranni is known as "The Queen of the Eastern Hill Lands".

History

The history of Ranni can be traced 5000 years back to the early settlement activity of Adi Dravidans around Sabarimala and Nilakkal. The temple at Sabarimala is an early temple of Kerala, dating back to around 2000 years. The deity's sitting posture and resemblance of the prayer 'Sharanam vili' to "Buddham Sharanam / Sangam Sharanam" points to the Buddhist past. Buddhist hermits always prefer to stay in interior jungles for solitary contemplation to attain Nirvana.[3] The word 'Ayya' is a Buddhist Pali word means Lord/God. A church at Nilackal is believed to be one of the seven churches founded by St. Thomas in AD 54. There was an ancient trade route passed through Nilackal between Kerala and Pandian kingdom.[4]

Ranni Karthakal

The former rulers of Ranni was known as Ranni Kartha or Karthkal of Ranni they were the "Samanthas" and blood related family of Thekkamamkoor Raja.18th Century Anizham Thirunal Marthandavarma of Vennad annexed Thekkamkoor kingdom and confiscated all the lands belongs to the former rulers. Ranni Karthas Kioyikal (Palace) were stand at a place called Areekkal.

In the 18th century, Knanaya Christians migrated to Ranni from Kallissery and later established the church, St. Thomas Church of Ranni. A significant number of Malankara Orthodox Christians & Mar Thomites also migrated from surrounding areas. In the early 19th century, Dr. Claudius Buchanan visited Ranni and was presented an old hand written Syriac Bible, from Ranni St. Thomas church.[5]

Ranni was a part of Central Travancore region before the unification. Until the formation of Pathanamthitta district in 1982, Ranni was a part of Kollam district.[6]

Geography

Ranni is located at 9°23′N 76°49′E / 9.38°N 76.81°E. It has an average elevation of 131 m (433 ft) above sea level.[7] The location and elevation is measured around the township. However, towards the east, the elevation is much higher. River Pamba flows through Ranni. The township is situated on either side of the river. According to the Census of India, Ranni has a total of 1,004.61 square kilometres (387.88 sq mi).[8] Out of the total area, 708 square kilometres (273.36 sq mi) or 70% is forest.[9] This forest cover gives Ranni its green environment.

Climate

Like the rest of the state, Ranni has a wet and maritime tropical climate. The region receives most of the rain from the South-West monsoon from June to August and the North-East monsoon during October and November. Although the summer is from March to May, it receives locally developed thundershowers in May. Due to the higher elevation, the climate is cooler towards the eastern area.

Economy

Rannimarket
Ranni market on a rainy evening

Business is centered on the market in the main township, Ittiappara situated on the northern side of the river. The economy of Ranni is primarily from agriculture. Ranni is the largest rubber producing taluks in Kerala.[11] The hilly terrain, high humidity and good rain makes it suitable for rubber cultivation. Other major crops are cocoa, coconut, tapioca and pepper. NRIs are also another major source of income.

Transport

Vatasserikara new bridge another vieww2
Bridge near Vadasserikara

Ranni is largely dependent on private buses. Most of the long route KSRTC buses ply on the State Highway - 08. The State Highway - 08 (Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Pala-Muvattupuzha Road) connects the town to other major towns. There is a KSRTC bus depot in Ranni. Auto rickshaws are available and generally hired for short distance (1–3 km) where bus service are non-existent or rare. Jeep is another preferred mode of transport where the terrain is hilly or rugged.

A train service connecting Ranni is one of the long-standing demands. Although the Union Government has cleared a proposal in 1995, the project awaits implementation.[12] The nearest railway stations are at Thiruvalla and Chengannur

The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport (110 km)and Trivandrum airport.

Sabari International Airport

The proposed Sabari International Airport, Cheruvally would be the closest airport upon completion, at 10 km away from ranni town.

Demographics

As of 2001 census, Ranni had a population of 207,782 with a density of 207 per square kilometre. The female-to-male ratio is 1063:1000 higher than the state average of 1059:1000 and significantly higher than the national average of 933:1000. There were 50,132 housing units at an average density of 5 per square kilometre. A very low housing density owes to a large reserved forest area. Ranni's literacy rate is 95%.[9]

Although most of the residents are Malayalis there are some Tamil and Sikh settlers. Much of the Tamil population are temporary workers who are mainly employed in the construction sector. The population of migrant workers from the northern parts of India have increased over the last few years because of the shortage of local unskilled manpower. Ranni still has few settlements of aborigines known as 'adivasis' deep in the forest area.

Ranni's major religions are Hinduism, Christianity, and Islam.

Civic administration

Ranni taluk is a part of Pathanamthitta district administration. The taluk headquarters is on the southern side of the river, known as Perumbuzha. Ranni taluk is divided into 11 villages.[13] Villages are the smallest subdivision. The following are the list of villages:

Education

Primary, middle and secondary schools are run in all the villages of Ranni taluk. However, there are only 7 senior secondary schools covering 6 out of the 11 villages. This is primarily due to the reason that till 1997-98, these were offered as pre-degree courses in colleges.[14] As of 2001, there are 138 primary, 59 middle and 35 secondary schools.[9]

There are three colleges in Ranni taluk. St. Thomas college, affiliated to the M.G. University, is an arts and science college established in 1964.[15] For almost four decades this was the only college in the taluk. In 2005, Caarmel Engineering College, a self-financing engineering college was established. This is situated in the Ranni-Perunad division. The Vishwa bhramana arts college and Govt polytechnic college are situated in vechuchira. The Mar Thoma Teachers’ Training College Ranny is a self- financing institution affiliated to the M.G. University, and approved by NCTE

Apart from the schools and colleges, Ranni also has 3 adult literacy centers.[9] These literacy centers or Saksharatha Kendram came as a state effort to attain total literacy.[16]

Politics

Ranni assembly constituency is part of Pathanamthitta (Lok Sabha constituency).[17] The main two political parties are the Congress and the CPM or CPI. BJP(Bharatiya Janatha Party) now AAP (Aam Aadmi Party) has significant importance in the election. Raju Abraham is the elected representative of Ranni assembly constituency.[18] He successfully contested assembly election in 1996 and has been winning every elections since.[19]

Media

There is 3 local television channels, Citi TV, operational in Ranni. The channel, established in 2002 telecasts news, documentaries,advertisements, albums and other program Malanad TV is operating from Pazhavangadi and Vismaya TV established 2014 this is the largerst local channel in Pathanamthitta district.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tourist attractions, Ranni". Webindia123.com. 20 February 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Homestay in Ranny - Ranny :: Heritage Homestay India". Heritagestay.com. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  3. ^ "About Sabarimala". Archived from the original on 26 October 2011.
  4. ^ "St.Thomas Ecumenical Church Nilackal- Pilgrimage India". Indiantemplesportal.com. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  5. ^ "The History of the Christian Jews in Asia". Archived from the original on 19 January 2012.
  6. ^ "History". Pathanamthitta District. Archived from the original on 29 July 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Rani, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Basic Details of Panchayats/Municipalities/Corporations as on 01.07.2000" (PDF). Panchayat Level Statistics, Pathanamthitta 2001. Government of Kerala. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 January 2009.
  9. ^ a b c d "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  10. ^ "CLIMATE: RANNI", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].
  11. ^ "Kinfra to develop second rubber park in Ranni". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 11 July 2007.
  12. ^ "State urged to implement Sabari rail project". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 24 February 2009.
  13. ^ "Administration". Pathanamthitta District. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  14. ^ "School Education". Government of Kerala. Archived from the original on 26 December 2010.
  15. ^ "History of St. Thomas College". Archived from the original on 28 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Kerala State Literacy Mission". Government of Kerala. Archived from the original on 31 October 2010.
  17. ^ "Assembly Constituencies — Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
  18. ^ "Members of Legislative Assembly". Archived from the original on 23 January 2011.
  19. ^ "Raju Abraham" (PDF). Kerala Legislative Assembly. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 November 2011.
  20. ^ "Citi News, Ranni, Kerala". Citinews.in. 15 December 2002. Retrieved 17 April 2012.

External links

Angadi

Angadi is a village in Ranni Taluk, Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, India.

Aranmula

Aranmula is a temple town in the state of Kerala, India. It is known as the cultural capital of Pathanamthitta district, located at a distance of around 116 km from Trivandrum, the capital of Kerala, it is situated on the banks of the holy river Pampa. A centre of pilgrimage from time immemorial and a trade post of eminence, when the river was the chief means of transport, it is near Kozhenchery in Pathanamthitta District. It is easily accessible from Chengannur railway station which is located around 10 km here.

Athikkayam

Athikkayam is a village located in the Pathanamthitta district of Kerala State, India. It is a small village that is situated on the bank of the Pamba River It's one of the 11 villages in Ranni taluk.

Cherukole

Cherukole is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, India.

Chethakkal

Chethackal is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, India.

Chittar, Kerala

Chittar is a village in Pathanamthitta district, located in Kerala state, India. It is a Panchayat and is situated in the Ranni taluk and in Konni constituency in Pathanamthitta District. It is located 29 km away from Pathanamthitta town at its east. Nearby Panchayats are Seethathodu, Perunad, Vadaserikkara and Thannithodu. Formerly Chittar was included in the Ranni legislative assembly constituent, but now in Konni assembly. Also previous parliament constituent was Idukki and currently it is Pathanamthitta.Chittar also awarded' Nirmal gram ' award from former president Prathibha patel.

Eraviperoor

Eraviperoor is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, Eraviperoor is the part of thiruvalla Taluk in east location and is part of the Aranmula legislative assembly constituency.[1] India.

Kalanjoor

Kalanjoor is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the state, Kerala India. Kalanjoor has a mixed population of Hindus, Muslims and Christians. Many of the inhabitants of this village are settlers there due to the introduction of rubber plantations, mainly by the plantation. A number of people from Kalanjoor are employed abroad, mainly in the Middle East and US.

College of Applied Science, Kalanjoor is affiliated to Kerala University and is established in 2014 with regular courses of B.Com with Computer Applications and Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA).

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Kodumon

Kodumon is a village in Adoor Taluk of Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, India.

Kollamula

Kollamula is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, India. It is one of the 11 villages in Ranni taluk.

Kozhencherry

Kozhencherry is a census town in Pathanamthitta district of Central Travancore region (South Central Kerala) in Kerala state, South India. As of 2011 census, the population was 12,021 people in 3,393 households.It is one of the main city in the Pathanamthitta, District. It is on the banks of river Pampa. It is a commercial centre and many banks and trade companies have their establishments here. It is believed that once the Kovilans of Thekencore kingdom's ruled this area. Kozhencherry used to be a part of the erstwhile Travancore kingdom.

Although Kozhencherry itself is not a municipal town the headquarters of Pathanamthitta district and municipality is in Kozhencherry Taluk. The other taluks in pathanamthitta district are Tiruvalla, Mallapally, Ranni, Adoor and Konni.

The main attraction of Kozhencherry is the Maramon Convention which is the second largest religious gathering in Asia. Maramon Convention have a great history and tradition of more than 120 years.Another main attraction of Kozhencherry is the Kozhencherry Bridge, which was built by British over 100 Years ago.

Kulanada

Kulanada is a village, near Pandalam, that is located in the district of Pathanamthitta bordering with Alappuzha district in Kerala state within India.

Pazhavangadi (Pathanamthitta)

Pazhavangadi is a village in the taluk of Ranni, Pathanamthitta district, in the state of Kerala, India.

Perunthenaruvi Falls

Perunthenaruvi Waterfalls (Malayalam: പെരുന്തേനരുവി) are waterfalls 36 km (22 mi) from Pathanamthitta in Pathanamthitta District, Central Travancore region, Kerala State, India. It is a popular tourist destination situated in Vechoochira Panchayat of Ranni taluk. The one shore of this waterfall is Kudamurutty and Vechoochira is the other. The main route to this waterfall starts from Ranni - Athikkayam - Kudamurutty - Perunthenaruvi. It is a fine place to spend time with family in a very serene atmosphere.

Rodolfo Ranni

Rodolfo Ranni (born 31 October 1937 in Trieste, Italy) is an Italian Argentine film actor.He has made over 85 film and TV appearances since 1958. More recently he has appeared in Argentine television dramas.

His last job was the Argentinian soap opera Herederos de Una Venganza (Heirs of Revenge).

Thannithode

Thannithode is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, India. It is near Konni town and is mainly a plantation township.

The famous Adavi Eco tourism is situated in Thannithode .Coracle boat journey (Kuttavanchi),cottage in forest,trucking etc are available.

Thelliyoor

Thelliyoor is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, India.

Vadasserikara

Vadaserikara is a village in Pathanamthitta district, in the state of Kerala, India. It is one of the 11 villages in Ranni and sits at the confluence of the Pamba and Kallar Rivers.

The village is located on the main trunk road to Sabarimala–the Pathanamthitta-Pampa Highway and is a stopover for pilgrims on the way to Sabarimala, the abode of Lord Ayyappa, a pilgrim centre that attracts millions of Ayyappa devotees. It lies 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Kumplampoika and about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Ranni. The Pathanamthitta-Seethathodu road also pass through Vadasserikkara.

Marthoma Christians form the majority of the population. The village has seen much growth since the 1990s. One of the biggest bridges in the district is at Benglavkadavu.

Vallicode

Vallicode (pronounced valli-koad) is a village in Pathanamthitta district in Kerala, India. It is situated at about 7 km from the district headquarters of Pathanamthitta at south-east direction.

Climate data for Ranni, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
32.0
(89.6)
33.1
(91.6)
33.2
(91.8)
32.7
(90.9)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
30.0
(86.0)
30.4
(86.7)
30.4
(86.7)
30.1
(86.2)
30.6
(87.1)
31.2
(88.1)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
23.2
(73.8)
24.6
(76.3)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.9
(75.0)
23.9
(75.0)
23.4
(74.1)
22.5
(72.5)
23.9
(75.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21
(0.8)
38
(1.5)
66
(2.6)
158
(6.2)
266
(10.5)
482
(19.0)
468
(18.4)
325
(12.8)
247
(9.7)
321
(12.6)
213
(8.4)
58
(2.3)
2,663
(104.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org[10]
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