Ranks of the People's Liberation Army Navy

The ranks in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy are similar to those of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force, except that those of the PLA Navy are prefixed by 海军 (Hai Jun) meaning Naval Force or Navy. See Ranks of the People's Liberation Army or the article on an individual rank for details on the evolution of rank and insignia in the PLAN. This article primarily covers the existing ranks and insignia.

From 1956-65, similar insignia were used following the Soviet model, but unlike the Ground and Air Forces, PLAN ratings used shoulder boards for rank insignia. Line corps officers wore gold and blue shoulder boards on the dress uniform, staff corps officers white and blue. The duty uniform boards were a reverse of the dress uniform boards.

Current ranks

Officer ranks

The current system of officer ranks and insignia dates from 1988 and is a revision of the ranks and insignia used from 1955 to 1965. The rank of Hai Jun Yi Ji Shang Jiang (First Class Admiral) was never held and was abolished in 1994. With the official introduction of the Type 07 uniforms all officer insignia are on either shoulders or sleeves depending on the type of uniform used.

Title 海军学员
Hai Jun Xue Yuan
海军少尉
Hai Jun Shao Wei
海军中尉
Hai Jun Zhong Wei
海军上尉
Hai Jun Shang Wei
海军少校
Hai Jun Shao Xiao
海军中校
Hai Jun Zhong Xiao
海军上校
Hai Jun Shang Xiao
海军大校
Hai Jun Da Xiao
海军少将
Hai Jun Shao Jiang
海军中将
Hai Jun Zhong Jiang
海军上将
Hai Jun Shang Jiang
Usual Translation Officer Cadet
(OF-D)
Ensign
(OF-1)
Lieutenant (junior grade)
(OF-1)
Lieutenant
(OF-2)
Lieutenant Commander
(OF-3)
Commander
(OF-4)
Captain
(OF-5)
Senior Captain
(OF-6)
Rear Admiral
(OF-7)
Vice Admiral
(OF-8)
Admiral
(OF-9)
Shoulder Insignia PLANF-0710-CDT PLANF-0711-2LT PLANF-0712-1LT PLANF-0713-CPT PLANF-0714-MAJ PLANF-0715-LTC PLANF-0716-COL PLANF-0717-SNC PLANF-0718-MG PLANF-0719-LTG PLANF-0720-GEN
Collar Insignia PLANF-Collar-0710-CDT PLANF-Collar-0711-2LT PLANF-Collar-0712-1LT PLANF-Collar-0713-CPT PLANF-Collar-0714-MAJ PLANF-Collar-0715-LTC PLANF-Collar-0716-COL PLANF-Collar-0717-SNC PLANF-Collar-0718-MG PLANF-Collar-0719-LTG PLANF-Collar-0720-GEN
Sleeve Insignia PLANF-Sleeve-0710-CDT PLANF-Sleeve-0711-2LT PLANF-Sleeve-0712-1LT PLANF-Sleeve-0713-CPT PLANF-Sleeve-0714-MAJ PLANF-Sleeve-0715-LTC PLANF-Sleeve-0716-COL PLANF-Sleeve-0717-SNC PLANF-Sleeve-0718-MG PLANF-Sleeve-0719-LTG PLANF-Sleeve-0720-GEN

Enlisted and non-commissioned rates

The current system of enlisted ranks and insignia dates from 2009.[1]

Title 海军列兵
Hai Jun Lie Bing
海军上等兵
Hai Jun Shang Deng Bing
海军下士
Hai Jun Xia Shi
海军中士
Hai Jun Zhong Shi
海军上士
Hai Jun Shang Shi
海军大士
Hai Jun Da Shi
海军三级军士长
Hai Jun San Ji Jun Shi Zhang
海军二级军士长
Hai Jun Er Ji Jun Shi Zhang
海军一级军士长
Hai Jun Yi Ji Jun Shi Zhang
Usual Translation Seaman Apprentice
(OR-1)
Seaman
(OR-2)
Petty Officer 3rd Class
(OR-3)
Petty Officer 2nd Class
(OR-4)
Petty Officer 1st Class
(OR-5)
Chief Petty Officer
(OR-6)
Senior Chief Petty Officer
(OR-7)
Master Chief Petty Officer
(OR-8)
Command Master Chief Petty Officer
(OR-9)
Shoulder Insignia PLANF-0701-PVT PLANF-0702-PFC PLANF-0703-CPL PLANF-0704-SGT PLANF-0705-SSG PLANF-0706-4CSGT PLANF-0707-3CSGT PLANF-0708-2CSGT PLANF-0709-1CSGT
Collar Insignia PLANF-Collar-0701-PVT PLANF-Collar-0702-PFC PLANF-Collar-0703-CPL PLANF-Collar-0704-SGT PLANF-Collar-0705-SSG PLANF-Collar-0706-4CSGT PLANF-Collar-0707-3CSGT PLANF-Collar-0708-2CSGT PLANF-Collar-0709-1CSGT

Historical ranks

Type 55 (Line corps)

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
China China No equivalent PLA Hǎi jūn dà jiàng Type 55.svg PLA Hǎi jūn shàng jiàng Type 55.svg PLA Hǎi jūn zhōng jiàng Type 55.svg PLA Hǎi jūn shào jiàng Type 55.svg 14 PLA Navy Hǎijūn dàxiào Type 55.svg 13 PLA Navy Hǎijūn shàngxiào Type 55.svg 12 PLA Navy Hǎijūn zhōngxiào Type 55.svg 11 PLA Navy Hǎijūn shàoxiào Type 55.svg 10 PLA Navy Hǎijūn dàwèi Type 55.svg 09 PLA Navy Hǎijūn shàngwèi Type 55.svg 08 PLA Navy Hǎijūn zhōngwèi Type 55.svg 07 PLA Navy Hǎijūn shàowèi Type 55.svg 06 PLA Navy Hǎijūn zhǔnwèi Type 55.svg
Fleet Admiral
海军大将
Admiral
海军上将
Vice Admiral
海军中将
Rear Admiral
海军少将
Senior Captain
海军大校
Captain
海军上校
Commander
海军中校
Lieutenant Commander
海军少校
1st Lieutenant
海军大尉
2nd Lieutenant
海军上尉
Lieutenant Junior Grade
海军中尉
Ensign
海军少尉
Warrant Officer
海军准尉
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
China China No equivalent
05W PLA Navy Hǎijūn shàng shì Type 55.svg 04A PLA Navy Hǎijūn zhōng shì Type 55.svg 03W PLA Navy Hǎijūn xiàshì Type 55.svg No equivalent 02W PLA Navy Hǎijūn shàngděngbīng Type 55.svg 01W PLA Navy Hǎijūn Liè Bīng Type 55.svg
Petty officer 1st class
海军上士
Petty officer 2nd class
海军中士
Petty officer 3rd class
海军下士
Seaman
海军上等兵
Seaman Apprentice
海军列兵

References

  1. ^ 全军和武警部队年底前将全面施行新的士官制度

External links

See also

Jiang (rank)

Jiang (simplified Chinese: 将; traditional Chinese: 將; pinyin: jiàng; Wade–Giles: chiang) is the rank held by general officers in the militaries of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan. The People's Liberation Army and the People's Armed Police use three levels at present while the Republic of China Armed Forces use four.

The same rank names are used for all services, prefixed by haijun (simplified Chinese: 海军; traditional Chinese: 海軍; literally: 'naval force') or kongjun (simplified Chinese: 空军; traditional Chinese: 空軍; literally: 'air force').

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Outline of China

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to China:

The People's Republic of China is the most extensive country in East Asia and the third or fourth most extensive country in the world. With a population of over 1,300,000,000, it is the most populous country in the world.

The Communist Party of China (CPC) has led the PRC under a one-party system since the state's establishment in 1949. The PRC is involved in a dispute over the political status of Taiwan. The CPC's rival during the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang (KMT), fled to Taiwan and surrounding islands after its defeat in 1949, claiming legitimacy over China, Mongolia, and Tuva while it was the ruling power of the Republic of China (ROC). The term "Mainland China" is often used to denote the areas under PRC rule, but sometimes excludes its two Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau.

Because of its vast population, rapidly growing economy, and large research and development investments, China is considered an "emerging superpower". It has the world's second largest economy (largest in terms of purchasing power parity.) China is also a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Since 1978, China's market-based economic reforms have brought the poverty rate down from 53% in 1981 to 8% by 2001. However, China is now faced with a number of other socioeconomic problems, including an aging population, an increasing rural-urban income gap, and rapid environmental degradation.China plays a major role in international trade. The country is the world's largest consumer of steel and concrete, using, respectively, a third and over a half of the world's supply of each. Counting all products, China is the largest exporter and the second largest importer in the world.

People's Armed Police

The Chinese People's Armed Police Force (abbreviated: PAP) is a Chinese paramilitary police (Gendarmerie) force primarily responsible for internal security, riot control, antiterrorism, law enforcement, and maritime rights protection in China, as well as providing support to the PLA Ground Force during wartime.Unlike the regular People's Police of the Ministry of Public Security, the PAP is part of the armed forces and reports to the Central Military Commission. PAP officers wear olive green instead of the blue uniforms of the People's Police.

The PAP is estimated to have a total strength of 1.5 million. It was established in its current form in 1982, but similar security forces have operated since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. During the long Maoist era, the PAP's predecessors were the Chinese People's Public Security Force, initially under the Ministry of Public Security, and later the Public Security Corps which was under the command of the PLA.

Ranks of the People's Liberation Army

Ranks of the People's Liberation Army may refer to the following:

Ranks of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force

Ranks of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Ranks of the People's Liberation Army Air Force

Ranks of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force

The People's Liberation Army has not always used ranks or insignia. In common with the practice of the Red Army at the time of its founding in 1927, neither were used until 1955 when a system of ranks was established. As a result of the Cultural Revolution, ranks were abolished in May 1965. After the Sino-Vietnamese War of 1979, reforms in the PLA began to be made to professionalize the armed forces once more. The 1984 Military Service Law provided for the resumption of rank, but disagreements on what ranks were to be used and who would receive them caused the revival of rank to be delayed until 1988. The following ranks and their respective insignia shown are those used by the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.

Wei (rank)

Wei (Chinese: 尉) is the rank held by company-grade officers in the militaries of China and Taiwan. It currently exists in three grades, shao wei (少尉), zhong wei (中尉) (chung wei using Wade–Giles), and shang wei (上尉). An additional grade, da wei (大尉), formerly existed in the Chinese military (PLA) from 1955 to 1965. However, when the use of rank and insignia was restored in 1988, this rank was not re-established. As opposed to the Western tradition of using different names for equivalent ranks in the army and navy, the Chinese armed forces use the same rank names for all services, prefixed in the case of the PLA by hai jun (海军, naval force) or kong jun (空军, air force).

Xiao (rank)

Xiao (Chinese: 校, Wade–Giles: Hsiao) is the rank held by field officers in the militaries of China and Taiwan. The Chinese military (PLA) uses four grades while the Taiwanese military uses only three, with the rank equivalent to the fourth being treated as a general officer rank. This difference is found in other militaries as well: in the British Army a brigadier is considered a field officer, while the equivalent rank in the United States Army, brigadier general, is considered a general officer. The Chinese use the same rank names for all services, prefixed by hai jun (海军, Naval Force) or kong jun (空军, Air Force). While the Taiwanese military (ROC) does the same for enlisted ranks and company-grade officers, it has distinct names for the higher naval ranks.

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