Ranks of the Czechoslovak Armed Forces

Ranks of the Czechoslovak Armed Forces shows the military ranks and rank insignia in use by the First Czechoslovak Republic, the Second Czechoslovak Republic, the Third Czechoslovak Republic, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.

Overview

After the independence of Czechoslovakia, the new republic at first used the ranks of the Austro-Hungarian Army, but from 1920 a system was introduced that was basically similar to the one used presently by today's Army of the Czech Republic. [1]

Rank and file

Non-commissioned officers

  • Desátník (Slovak: Desiatnik)– Corporal
  • Četař (Slovak: Čatár)– Sergeant
  • Rotný (Slovak: Rotný)– Staff Sergeant
  • Staršina (Slovak: Staršina)– Starshina/Master Sergeant (part of the rank system 1948–1959)
  • Rotmistr (Slovak: Rotmajster)– (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Nadrotmistr (Slovak: Nadrotmajster)– Senior (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Štábní rotmistr (Slovak: Štábny rotmajster)– Staff (Company) Sergeant Major

Warrant officers

Officers

  • Podporučík (Slovak: Podporučík)– Podporuchik
  • Poručík (Slovak: Poručík)– Poruchik
  • Nadporučík (Slovak: Nadporučík)– Nadporuchik
  • Kapitán (Slovak: Kapitán)– Captain
  • Štábní kapitán (Slovak: Štábny kapitán)– Staff Captain (abolished 1953)
  • Major (Slovak: Major)- Major
  • Podplukovník (Slovak: Podplukovník)– Podpolkovnik
  • Plukovník (Slovak: Plukovník)– Polkovnik
  • Brigádní generál (Slovak: Brigádny generál)Brigadier General (abolished 1950)
  • Divizní generál (Slovak: Divízny generál)– Divisional General (abolished 1950)
  • Generálmajor (Slovak: Generálmajor)– Major General
  • Generálporučík (Slovak: Generálporučík)– Lieutenant General
  • Sborový generál (Slovak: Zborový generál)– Corps General (abolished 1950)
  • Generálplukovník (Slovak: Generálplukovník)– Colonel General
  • Armádní generál (Slovak: Armádny generál)– General of the Army
  • Vrchní velitel branné moci (Slovak: Vrchný veliteľ brannej moci)- Supreme commander of the Armed Forces (abolished 1959)

Army ranks (1930-1939)

Rank and file, and junior non-commissioned officers

Hodnosti mužstva česko-slovenskej armády do roku 1939
Source: [2] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Vojín - Private
  • Svobodník - Lance Corporal
  • Desátník - Corporal
  • Četař - Sergeant
  • Rotný - Staff Sergeant

Source:[1]

Senior non-commissioned officers

Hodnosti rotmajstrov česko-slovenskej armády do roku 1939
[2] The senior non-commissioned officers received new rank insignia 1938. The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.:
  • Rotmistr - (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Staff Rotmistr - Staff (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Praporčík - Praporshchik/Warrant Officer
  • Štábní praporčík - Staff Praporshchik/Chief Warrant Officer (introtuced 1938)

Source:[1]

Commissioned officers

Hodnosti dostojníkov cesko-slovenskej armady do roku 1939
[2] The different ranks of the general officers were denoted by two to four stars on the sleeve.The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Podporučík - Podporuchik
  • Poručík - Poruchik
  • Nadporučík - Nadporuchik
  • Kapitán - Captain
  • Štábní kapitán - Staff Captain
  • Major - Major
  • Podplukovník - Podpolkovnik
  • Plukovník - Polkovnik
  • Brigádní generál - Brigadier General
  • Divisní generál - Divisional General
  • Armádní generál - General of the Army

Until 1930, the rank of General, equivalent to that of a Brigadier or Brigadier General, was the highest rank of the Czechoslovak Army and Air Force.


Source:[1]

Army ranks (1945-1950)

Rank and file, and junior non-commissioned officers

Hodnostne oznacenie poddostojnikov11
Source: [3] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Vojín - Private
  • Svobodník - Lance Corporal
  • Desátník - Corporal
  • Četař - Sergeant

Source:[1]

Senior non-commissioned officers

Hodnostne oznacenie praporcikov v rokoch 1945 az 1950
[3] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Rotný - Staff Sergeant
  • Staršina - Starshina/Master Sergeant (introduced 1949)
  • Rotmistr - (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Staff Rotmistr - Staff (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Praporčík - Praporshchik/Warrant Officer
  • Štábní praporčík - Staff Praporshchik/Chief Warrant Officer (introtuced 1938)

Source:[1]

Company and field grade officers

Hodnostne oznacenie dostojnikov
[3] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Podporučík - Podporuchik
  • Poručík - Poruchik
  • Nadporučík - Nadporuchik
  • Kapitán - Captain
  • Štábní kapitán - Staff Captain
  • Major - Major
  • Podplukovník - Podpolkovnik
  • Plukovník - Polkovnik

Source:[1]

General officers

Hodnostne oznacenie generalov 1945a
[3] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Brigádní generál - Brigadier General
  • Divisní generál - Divisional General
  • Sborový generál - Army Corps General (introduced 1948)
  • Armádní generál - General of the Army

Source:[1]

Army ranks (1951-1958)

Rank and file, and junior non-commissioned officers

Vojenske hodnosti muzstva a poddostojnkov CSA 1951-58
Source: [3] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Vojín - Private
  • Svobodník - Lance Corporal
  • Desátník - Corporal
  • Četař - Sergeant

Source:[1]

Senior non-commissioned officers, and officer cadets

Vojenske hodnosti rotnych CSA 1951-58
[3] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Rotný - Staff Sergeant
  • Staršina - Starshina/Master Sergeant

Source:[1]

Officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia None.svg DPRK-Army-OF-9.svg DPRK-Army-OF-8.svg DPRK-Army-OF-7.svg DPRK-Army-OF-6.svg DPRK-Army-OF-5b.svg None.svg None.svg DPRK-Army-OF-3.svg DPRK-Army-OF-2.svg None.svg None.svg DPRK-Army-OF-1a.svg
Vrchní velitel branné moci
(abolished 1958)
Armádní generál Generálporučík Generálmajor Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Štábní kapitán Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporučík
Vojenske hodnostni generalov Cesko Slovenska 1951
[3] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
Ranks 1951-1952
  • Armádní generál - General of the Army
  • Sborový generál - Army Corps General/Lieutenant General
  • Divisní generál - Divisional General
  • Brigádní generál - Brigadier General
Ranks 1953-1958
  • Armádní generál - General of the Army
  • Generálplukovník - Colonel General
  • Generálporučík - Lieutenant General
  • Generálmajor - Major General

Source:[1]

Junior Officers
Vojenské hodnosti dôstojníkov CSA 1951-1958
[3] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Podporučík - Podporuchik
  • Poručík - Poruchik
  • Nadporučík - Nadporuchik
  • Kapitán - Captain
  • Štábní kapitán - Staff Captain (abolished 1953/1954)
  • Major - Major
  • Podplukovník - Podpolkovnik
  • Plukovník - Polkovnik


Source:[1]

Army ranks (1960-1990)

Czechoslovak People's Army Source: [4]

Officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia No equivalent CsArmy1960armadni general Shoulder.png CsArmy1960general plukovnik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960general porucik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960general major Shoulder.png CsArmy1960plukovnik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960podplukovnik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960major Shoulder.png CsArmy1960kapitan Shoulder.png CsArmy1960nadporucik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960porucik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960podporucik Shoulder.png
Armádní generál Generálplukovník Generálporučík Generálmajor Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporučík

Enlisted and Warrant officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia No equivalent CsArmy1960nadpraporcik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960praporcik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960podpraporcik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960nadrotmistr Shoulder.png CsArmy1960rotmistr Shoulder.png CsArmy1960rotny Shoulder 01.png CzArmy2011 OR3-Cetar shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR2-Desatnik shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR1a-Svobodnik shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR1b-Vojin shoulder.svg
Nadpraporčík Praporčík Podpraporčík Nadrotmistr Rotmistr Rotný Četař Desátník Svobodník Vojín

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Hodnosti ozbrojených sil [1918-1992." Valka. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  2. ^ a b c "Czechoslovakia 1918-1939 (Republic)." International Encyclopedia of Rank Insignia of the World. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Czechoslovakia 1945-1960 (Republic)." International Encyclopedia of Rank Insignia of the World. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  4. ^ "Czechoslovakia 1960-1989 (Socialist Republic)." International Encyclopedia of Rank Insignia of the World. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
Czechoslovak People's Army

The Czechoslovak People's Army (Czech: Československá lidová armáda, Slovak: Československá ľudová armáda, ČSLA) was the armed forces of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC) and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic from 1954 until 1990. From 1955 it was a member force of the Warsaw Pact. On 14 March 1990 the Army's name was reverted to the Czechoslovak Army removing the adjective "People's" from the name. The Czechoslovak Army was split into the Army of the Czech Republic and the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia on 1 January 1993.

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