The rank insignia of the French Navy (French: Marine Nationale) are worn on shoulder straps of shirts and white jackets, and on sleeves for navy jackets and mantels. Until 2005, only commissioned officers had an anchor on their insignia, but enlisted personnel are now receiving them as well. Although the names of the ranks for superior officers contain the word "Capitaine" (Capitaine de corvette, Capitaine de frégate and Capitaine de vaisseau), the appropriate style to address them is "Commandant", "Capitaine" referring to "lieutenant de vaisseau", which is translated as lieutenant. The two highest ranks, Vice-amiral d'escadre and Amiral (Admiral), are functions, rather than ranks. They are assumed by officers ranking Vice-Amiral (Vice-Admiral).
The rank of Vice-Admiral of France (French: Vice-Amiral) was formerly designated as Lieutenant-General of the Naval Armies until 1791, such as in the Levant Fleet and Flotte du Ponant of the Ancien Régime. Major of the French Navy has a similar history to that of the former Lieutenant-General of the Naval Armies.
The only Amiral de la Flotte (Admiral of the Fleet) was François Darlan after he was refused the dignity of Admiral of France. Equivalent to the dignity of Marshal of France, the rank of Admiral of France remains theoretical in the Fifth Republic; it was last granted in 1869, during the Second Empire, but retained during the Third Republic until the death of its bearer in 1873. The title of Amiral de la Flotte was created so that Darlan would not have an inferior rank to that of his counterpart in the British Royal Navy, who was an Admiral of the Fleet.
Personnel with a particular attribution may wear distinctive features on their rank insignia. For instance, medical officers bear two red stripes on their insignia. Similarly, the Ingénieur des études et techniques de travaux maritimes wear pearl-grey stripes.
Peintres de la Marine, who are not employed by the navy but have a special status, wear a uniform and officer straps with rank insignia replaced with the words "Peintre officiel".
The Fusiliers Marins and Commandos Marine units are under command of the Force maritime des fusiliers marins et commandos (FORFUSCO) in Lorient. It is headed by a general officer with the title of Admiral commandant Les fusiliers marins et commandos (ALFUSCO).
This force carries out:
Advanced force and reconnaissance operations from the sea
Protection of key sites and vessels of the French Navy
Provision of security for elements of the naval forces.A 2,700-man strong force, the FORFUSCO is the fourth organic force of the French Navy.French Navy
The French Navy (French: Marine Nationale, lit. National Navy), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces. Dating back to 1624, the French Navy is one of the world's oldest naval forces. It has participated in conflicts around the globe and played a key part in establishing the French colonial empire.
The French Navy consists of six main branches and various services: the Force d'Action Navale, the Forces Sous-marines (FOST, ESNA), the Maritime Force of Naval Aeronautics, the Fusiliers Marins (including Commandos Marine), the Marins Pompiers, and the Maritime Gendarmerie.
As of June 2014, the French Navy employed a total of 36,776 personnel along with 2,800 civilians. Its reserve element consisted of 4,827 personnel of the Operational Reserve. As a blue-water navy, it operates a wide range of fighting vessels, which include the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle, various aeronaval forces, attack submarines and ballistic missile submarines, frigates, patrol boats and support ships.French ship Ambitieux
Three ships of the French Navy have borne the name Ambitieux ("ambitious"):
French ship Ambitieux (1691), a 96-gun ship of the line burnt at La Hougue in June 1692
French ship Ambitieux (1692), a 96-gun ship of the line
French brig Ambitieux (1834), a brigFrench ship Aquitaine
Two ships of the French Navy have borne the name Aquitaine in honour of the region of Aquitaine:
Aquitaine (1915), an auxiliary ship converted from a civilian steamer during the First World War.
Aquitaine the lead ship of the FREMM multipurpose frigate class; commissioned on 23 November 2012.French ship Cassard
Eleven ships of the French Navy have borne the name Cassard in honour of Jacques Cassard:
Cassard (1795–1806), a Téméraire-class ship of the line also known as Dix-Août
Cassard (1801–1802), a small craft
Cassard (1803–1815), a Téméraire-class ship of the line launched as Lion
Cassard (1832–1850), a 20-gun brig
Cassard (1846–1882), a steam corvette. She served as Napoléon III's imperial yacht Reine Hortense.
Cassard (1860–1879), a Monge-class aviso
Cassard (1866–1894), a Talisman-class aviso
Cassard (1898–1924), a D'Assas-class protected cruiser
Cassard (1933–1942), a Vauquelin-class destroyer
Cassard (D623), a T 47-class destroyer (1956–1976)
Cassard (D614), lead ship of the Cassard-class frigates, presently in active serviceFrench ship Chevalier Paul
Three vessels of the French Navy have borne the name Chevalier Paul ("Knight Paul") in honour of Paul de Fortia, Chevalier Paul.
French destroyer Chevalier Paul (1932) (1934–1941), a Vauquelin-class destroyer
French destroyer Chevalier Paul (D626) (1956–1971), a T 47-class destroyer
French frigate Chevalier Paul (D621), a Horizon-class frigateFrench ship Forbin
Six ships of the French Navy have been named Forbin in honour of the 17th century admiral Claude Forbin-Gardanne:
A first-class propeller aviso (1859–1884)
French cruiser Forbin, a second-class cruiser (1885–1921)
An auxiliary patrol boat of the Free French Forces (1944). Originally a cargo ship, she was captured by the British in Gibraltar and requisitioned. She was eventually scuttled in Arromanches to be used as an artificial harbour on the 9 June 1944, in the context of the Invasion of Normandy.
French destroyer Forbin (1928), a L'Adroit-class destroyer (1928–1952)
French destroyer Forbin (D635), a T 53-class destroyer, (1955–1992)
French frigate Forbin, a Horizon-class frigate commissioned in 2008French ship Hercule
Nineteen ships of the French Navy have borne the name Hercule, in honour of the Roman hero Hercules:
Hercule (1657–1673), a 38-gun ship of the line
Soleil (1642–1672), a 36-gun ship of the line rename Hercule in 1671
Hercule (1673–1678), a 50-gun ship of the line
Hercule (1679–1704), a 30-gun ship of the line
Hercule (1705–1741), a 64-gun ship of the line
Hercule (1750–1760), a 66-gun ship of the line
Hercule (1779), a fluyt
Hercule (1779–1797), a 74-gun
Hercule (1798–1798), a bomb vessel
Hercule (1798), a Téméraire-class ship of the line
Hercule (1800), a brig
Hercule (1804–1815), a bomb vessel
Provence (1815–1883), an 80-gun ship of the line, was renamed Hercule in 1815
Hercule (1836–1860), a 100-gun ship of the line
Hercule (1893–1944), a tugboat
Hercule (1914–1918), an auxiliary minesweeper
Hercule (1939–1944), an auxiliary tugboat of the FNFL
Hercule (1945–1951), a tugboat
Hercule (1960–1993), a tugboatFrench ship Jules Verne
Two ships of the French Navy have borne the name Jules Verne in honour of science-fiction writer Jules Verne:
Jules Verne (1931) (1931–1961), a submarine tender
Jules Verne (A620), a repair ship launched in 1970 as Achéron; scrapped in 2016French ship La Combattante
Three ships of the French Navy have borne the name of La Combattante ("the Fighter", or "Fighting one"):
A galley which took part in the raid against Teignmouth in August 1690 and destroyed numerous English ships there
The FNFL destroyer La Combattante, a type III Hunt-class destroyer leased by the UK.
The patrol boat La Combattante (P730), decommissioned in September 1996.French ship Montcalm
Four ships of the French Navy have been named Montcalm in honour of the 18th century Marshal Marquess Louis de Montcalm de Saint Véran:
French ironclad Montcalm, 1865–1891
French cruiser Montcalm (1900), 1900–1926
French cruiser Montcalm, 1933–1969, which served in the Free French Forces
French frigate Montcalm (D642), 1975, a Georges Leygues-class frigateFrench ship Tourville
Several ships of the French Navy have been named in honour of Anne Hilarion de Tourville. Among them:
French ship Tourville (1788), a Téméraire-class 74-gun ship of the line (1790-1833)
San Gennaro, a Spanish 86-gun ship of the line ceded to France, bore the name Tourville from 1811 to 1816
French ship Tourville (1853), an 80-gun ship of the line (1853-1872)
A cruiser built around 1870 and struck 1901
An unbuilt Lyon-class battleship (1914)
French cruiser Tourville, a heavy cruiser (1928-1962)
French frigate Tourville (D 610), a F67 type frigate.
A Barracuda-class submarine is scheduled to bear the nameList of French Navy ship names
This is a list of traditional French Navy ship names, along with notices for notable units. Only name borne by several ships are listed (for instance, the Charles De Gaulle is an important present ship, but the name has been introduced in the recent past).List of destroyers of France
The following is a list of destroyers of France. In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller, powerful, short-range attackers. The Fantasque was the fastest destroyer class ever built.Maritime Prefect
The Préfet Maritime is a servant of the French State who exercises authority over the sea in one particular region (a Préfecture maritime). As a civil servant, he reports to the Prime Minister. But the Maritime Prefect is simultaneously charged of military operations, and for this reason also reports to the chief of the general staff (CEMA, or Chef d'état-major des armées).
The dignity was created in 1800 to unify the command of harbours (civil administrator) and the command of the Navy (Admiral).
The préfet maritime is in charge of the French sovereignty at sea, monitoring operation, safety of the users, police and rescue operations, etc. He also commands all armed vessel linked to his place.
As of 2019, Préfets maritimes are:
Mediterranean Sea (Toulon): Vice-amiral d’escadre Charles-Henri du Ché
English Channel and North Sea (Cherbourg): Vice-amiral Philippe Dutrieux
Atlantic (Château de Brest, Brest): Vice-amiral d’escadre Jean-Louis LOZIERRanks in the French Army
See Ranks in the French Navy for more details about the naval ranks
Rank insignia in the French Army are worn on the sleeve or on shoulder marks of uniforms, and range up to the highest rank of Marshal of France, a state honour denoted with a seven-star insignia that was last conferred posthumously on Marie Pierre Koenig in 1984.Strategic Oceanic Force
The Strategic Ocean Force (French: Force océanique stratégique, FOST) has been the synonym of the French Submarine Forces since 1999, which the commandant commands the ensemble related to, along with the squadron of nuclear attack submarine (French: Escadrille des Sous-Marins Nucléaires d'Attaque, ESNA).
The Commandment of ALFOST commenced in 1972.Vice admiral
Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral. In many navies, vice admiral is a three-star rank with a NATO code of OF-8, although in some navies like the French Navy it is an OF-7 rank, the OF-8 code corresponding to the four-star rank of squadron vice-admiral.
Military ranks and insignia by country
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