The rank insignia of the Austro-Hungarian Navy were worn on and on sleeves for navy jackets and coats, or on shoulder straps of shirts and white jackets. Officers' ranks were indicated by lines of 1.3 centimetres (0.51 in) gold braid as were senior non-commissioned officers' ranks, enlisted men's rank was indicated by white stars on their square collar flaps. Senior officers and flag officers would wear a broader gold braid line (Stabsoffiziers-Distinktionsborte or General-Distinktionsborte resp.) of 3.3 centimetres (1.3 in) and 5.3 centimetres (2.1 in) resp. beneath smaller lines, in addition flag officers would wear a crown on top of their sleeve insignia.
For enlisted men an elaborate rank system existed distinguishing between Mannschaften (crew), Chargen (junior non-commissioned officers), Unteroffizieren (Maaten/NCOs) and Bootsleute/Feldwebel (senior NCOs). In addition the rank indicated the special training the men had received, indicated by a specialty badge worn on the left sleeve. The basic rank would be combined with the specialty resulting in numerous ratings. Non-commissioned officers would be seamen 1st class (one white star) or Gasten and Quartiermeister depending on specialty (two white stars) and Maate (three white stars). Bootsleute would wear the blue or white navy jacket with gold braid half stripes of 11 cm length on the sleeves or shoulder straps. They would be called Meister (master) sometimes Untermeister in the basic rank, the next senior rank would be 'preceded by 'Stabs- (staff), and then Oberstabs-.
Career and specialist insignia indicated on left sleeve.
|Mannschaften||Chargen 1 star||Chargen 2 stars|
|k.u.k. Geschützvormeister 2. Klasse||k.u.k. Geschützvormeister 1. Klasse||k.u.k. Geschützgast|
|k.u.k. ...matrose 2. Klasse||k.u.k. ...matrose 1. Klasse||k.u.k. ...gast / ...quartiermeister|
|k.u.k. Heizer 2. Klasse||k.u.k. Heizer 1. Klasse||k.u.k. Oberheizer|
|k.u.k. Militärarbeiter 2. Klasse
k.u.k. Minenvormann 2. Klasse
k.u.k. Torpedovormann 2. Klasse
|k.u.k. Militärarbeiter 1. Klasse
k.u.k. Minenvormann 1. Klasse
k.u.k. Torpedovormann 1. Klasse
|k.u.k. Vorarbeiter ...
|Maate||Maate (on Bootsmann grade)|
|k.u.k. Bootsmannsmaat||k.u.k. Unterbootsmann|
|k.u.k. Geschützmaat||k.u.k. Untergeschützmeister|
|k.u.k. ...maat||k.u.k. ...|
|k.u.k. Vorarbeiter 1.Klasse||k.u.k. Unterwerkmeister|
|Einjährig-Freiwilliger||Longer serving NCOs|
Prospective officers would enter the naval academy and become Seekadett (officer cadets) and later Seefähnrich before being commissioned as Fregattenleutnants. Reserve officer candidates would join as Einjährig-Freiwillige (one-year volunteers). These sons of the higher classes who could afford the expenses would then get some training and be commissioned as Korvettenleutnant if successful. Einjährige would also wear the blue navy jacket but with two smaller gold braid stripes.
|designation||Fähnriche||Reserve officer||Oberoffiziere||Senior officers|
|(Hun: Ellentengernagy)||(Hun: Altengernagy)||(Hun: Tengernagy)||(Hun: Főtengernagy)|
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria, Archduke of Austria-Este (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was a member of the Imperial Habsburg dynasty, and from 1896 until his death the heir presumptive (Thronfolger) to the Austro-Hungarian throne.It is said that his assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia, which in turn triggered a series of events that eventually led to Austria-Hungary's allies and Serbia's declaring war on each other, starting World War I.Lieutenant field marshal
Lieutenant field marshal, also frequently historically field marshal lieutenant (German: Feldmarschall-Leutnant, formerly Feldmarschallleutnant, historically also Feldmarschall-Lieutenant and, in official Imperial and Royal Austrian army documents from 1867 always Feldmarschalleutnant, abbreviated FML), was a senior army rank in certain European armies of the 17th to 20th centuries. It emerged as the rank of field marshal (German: Feldmarschall) came to be used for the highest army commander in the 17th century (having originally been the equivalent of a cavalry colonel). In German-speaking countries the commander-in-chief usually appointed an "under marshal" (Untermarschall) or "lieutenant field marshal" to support and represent the field marshal. Amongst his functions as the personal deputy to the field marshal, were the supervision of supply depots and routes, and inspection of the guards.List of comparative military ranks
This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.Rank insignia of the Austro-Hungarian armed forces
This article deals with the rank insignia of the Austro-Hungarian armed forces, as worn by the Austro-Hungarian Army after the reorganisation in 1867 until 1918.
In Austrian armed forces rank insignia are traditionally called Paroli
(pl. Parolis) and are worn as gorget patch or collar tap, appliquéd to the gorget fore-part of the uniform coat, uniform jacket and/or battle-dress.
Military ranks and insignia by country
|Commonwealth of Nations|